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Encyclopedia > Cachaça

Cachaça (pronounced ka SHA sa) is the most popular distilled alcoholic beverage in Brazil, made from sugarcane juice. Cachaça is also called Brazilian Rum. The legal definition of cachaça says "cachaça is the product of the distillation of the fermented sugarcane juice, with alcohol strength between 38% and 51% by volume. Up to 6 gr per liter of sugar can be added". Strathisla whisky distillery in Keith, Scotland Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... Alcoholic beverages are drinks containing ethanol. ... Species -wild -wild -cultivated -cultivated -cultivated -cultivated Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Juice is the liquid naturally contained in plants. ... Rum is a spirit made from sugar-cane by-products such as molasses and sugar cane juice by a process of fermentation and distillation. ... Strathisla whisky distillery in Keith, Scotland Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... In its strictest sense, fermentation (formerly called zymnosis) is the energy-yielding anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule, such as glucose, without net oxidation. ... Juice is the liquid naturally contained in plants. ... In general usage, alcohol (from Arabic al-khwl الكحول, or al-ghawl الغول) refers almost always to ethanol, also known as grain alcohol, and often to any beverage that contains ethanol (see alcoholic beverage). ... A sugar is a form of carbohydrate; the most commonly used sugar is a white crystalline solid, sucrose; used to alter the flavor and properties (mouthfeel, preservation, texture) of beverages and food. ...


Cachaça is often said to differ from rum in that it made from sugarcane juice while rum is made from molasses. Such claims fail to recognize that a number of rum distillers use sugarcane juice instead of molasses to make their rums. Rum is a spirit made from sugar-cane by-products such as molasses and sugar cane juice by a process of fermentation and distillation. ... Molasses or treacle is a thick, syrupy derivative of the juice of the sugar cane plant or the sugar beet. ...


Cachaça is the 3rd most important spirit of the world with 1.3 bilion liters/year produced by year. Only 1.5% of this production is exported (mainly to Portugal, Paraguay and Germany). Outside Brazil, cachaça is almost exclusively used as an ingredient to tropical drinks, caipirinha being the most famous. The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids, see Drinking. ... A Caipirinha is a Brazilian cocktail made from Cachaça, limes, sugar, and ice. ...

Contents

Production

There are two types of cachaça : handmade and industrial. Handmade cachaças are produced by thousands of small mills spread all over the country, being Minas Gerais's state respected as the best source. Traditionally, the fermentation agent is a corn flour called "fubá" and the distillation unit is a copper pot still. The cachaça comes out from the pot stills in 3 batches "head", "core" and "tail", most of the makers takes only the "core", discarding the othe two ones that have undesirable components. The term mill, when used by itself, can refer to: Mill (factory) - a place of business for making articles of manufacture, e. ... A country, a land, or a state, is a geographical area that connotes an independent political entity, with its own government, administration, laws, often a constitution, police, military, tax rules, and population, who are one anothers countrymen. ... Minas Gerais is one of the states of Brazil, the second most populous in the federation. ... In its strictest sense, fermentation (formerly called zymnosis) is the energy-yielding anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule, such as glucose, without net oxidation. ... A dish of sweet corn Corn is a term that applies to any staple food grain—that is, a fruit of a plant in the Grass Family (Poaceae). ... Strathisla whisky distillery in Keith, Scotland Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 , 4, d Density, Hardness 8920 kg/m3, 3. ...


Then the cachaça is either bottled or stored in wood barrels for ageing. The ageing of cachaça is made in a great variety of Brazilian woods such as Castanheira, Umburana, Jequitibá, Ipê, Grápia, Bálsamo, Amendoim, Jatobá, Guanandi, Brazilwood, Cabreúva, Tibiriçá, Garapeira, Cerejeira and Oak barrels. Handmade cachaça makers usually bottle their own product, selling directly to the market (consumers, bars, restaurants, supermarkets, etc). Domestically, handmade cachaças are mostly drunk straight by upper segments of consumers. A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a organic material found as the primary content of the stems of woody plants, especially trees, but also shrubs. ... Bálsamo is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Peanuts book cover Peanuts was a syndicated comic strip written and drawn by American cartoonist Charles M. Schulz. ... Jatoba (HYMENAEA COURBARIL L) Common name: jatoba, copal, red locus, locust, copinol, Brazilian cherry, stinking tree, kawanari, guapinol, algarrobo, rode locus. ... Brazilwood is a common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (pulse family) whose wood yields a red dye called brazilein. ... Cabreúva is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... This article is about oaks (Quercus desert-oak is unrelated, and instead belongs to the genus Allocasuarina. ... Categories: Stub ... A typical restaurant in uptown Manhattan A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to be consumed on the premises. ... Exterior appearance of typical supermarket (Albertsons) Supermarket produce section A supermarket is a store that sells a wide variety of goods including food and alcohol (where permitted), medicine, clothes, and other household products that are consumed regularly. ...


Industrial cachaças are made by medium size and big mills mostly located in the countryside of the São Paulo state. The industrial cachaça makers use column stills to process the fermented sugarcane juice ("continuous distillation process"). The product is then sold as a raw material to the cachaça bottlers such as "51", "Velho Barreiro", "Tatuzinho", "Pitu", "21", etc. The bottlers manage the cachaças in order to reach their standards by adding/removing components. Most of the time, industrial cachaças are not aged, being drunk straight by the lower segments of consumers. Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown. ... material is the substance or matter from which something is or can be made, or also items needed for doing or creating something. ...


History

Cachaça was invented by the first Portuguese settlers of Brazil, in the region around the town of São Vicente, sometime between 1532 and 1548. Workers at local sugar mills first discovered that the sugarcane juice (garapa), cooked and left standing, would "sour" (ferment) and turn into a mild alcoholic beverage. The product, disparagingly named cagaça, was consumed by slaves, as a cheap substitute for the Indians' cauim. Soon someone had the idea of distilling it, and thus cachaça was born. Settlers are people who have travelled of their own choice, from the land of their birth to live in new lands or colonies. ... For other uses, see São Vicente (disambiguation) São Vicente ( Crioulo: Sanvicente or Sanvcênt) is one of the Barlaventos islands of the Cape Verde. ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, occultist, and heretic, (burned at the stake) 1600 Cornelis Ketel, Dutch painter Carel van Mander, Dutch painter and poet (d. ... A sugar is a form of carbohydrate; the most commonly used sugar is a white crystalline solid, sucrose; used to alter the flavor and properties (mouthfeel, preservation, texture) of beverages and food. ... Cook can refer to Cook the profession, see also Cooking Cook is the title of a 1975 album by Premiata Forneria Marconi. ... Alcoholic beverages are drinks containing ethanol. ... A monument celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, erected in Victoria Tower Gardens, Millbank, Westminster, London Wiktionary has a definition of: Slavery Slavery can mean one or more related conditions which involve control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or... Cauim is a traditional alcoholic beverage of the Native American populations of Brazil, since pre-Columbian times. ...


Cachaça distilleries multiplied through colonial Brazil during the 16th and 17th centuries. Portugal eventually took notice and, in order to protect the market for Portuguese-made grappa (bagaceira), tried several times to outlaw the manufacture and consumption of the new spirit. In 1756, after a century of failure to suppress it, the Crown gave up and levied a tax on Cachaça. This tax brought substantial revenue to the Treasury, and contributed to the reconstruction of Lisbon, which had been just devastated by an earthquake followed by a tsunami (1755 Lisbon earthquake). (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Grappa, also known as Grappa Wine, is an Italian grape-based spirit of between 80 and 100 proof. ... Butch Cassidy, a famous outlaw An outlaw, a person living the lifestyle of outlawry, is most familiar to contemporary readers as a stock character in Western movies. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Crown names several entities associated with monarchy: A crown (headgear), the headgear worn by a monarch. ... A tax is an involuntary fee paid by individuals or businesses to a state, or to functional equivalents of a state, including tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements. ... For the U.S. government securities, see Treasury security A treasury is the part of a government which manages all money and revenue. ... Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a trembling or a shaking movement of the Earths surface. ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ... This 1755 copper engraving shows the ruins of Lisbon in flames and a tsunami overwhelming the ships in the harbor. ...


Currently there are more than 4,000 different brands of Cachaça available in Brazil. Early in its history it was consumed mainly by Africans, peasants, and members of the lower class. As is often the case, elitists considered it a low drink, unfit for exclusivist bars and tables. However, the finer points of the product gained wider and wider appreciation, and it is now a very popular drink, considered by some to be in the same class as whiskey and wine. The most prized brands are produced in São Paulo, Ceará, Pernambuco, and Minas Gerais. The Brazilian government and producer associations have recently acted to promote the export of cachaça. World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Categories: 1911 Britannica | Historical stubs | Feudalism ... Ceará is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Atlantic coast. ... Pernambuco is a state of Brazil, located in the Brazilian Northeast. ... Minas Gerais is one of the states of Brazil, the second most populous in the federation. ...


Drinking Cachaça

The tradicional way to drink Cachaça is to sip it gently in a very small glass (aprox. 50ml) tasting every bit. Unlike tequila, Cachaça, also a strong liquor, is better tasted slowly. Some cachaça tasters usually let the drink linger inside their mouths in order to feel the retro-taste, an important feature of the well-made cachaças. The physics definition of a glass is a uniform amorphous solid material, usually produced when a suitably viscous molten material cools very rapidly, thereby not giving enough time for a regular crystal lattice to form. ... Tequila is an alcoholic beverage. ... The mouth, also known as the buccal cavity or the oral cavity, is the opening through which an animal or human takes in food. ...


An Alternative way to drink cachaça is to put it inside a short and slim glass called martelinho ("little hammer"), and drink in one single shot. Often some lime juice is added to the cachaça. Bits of brown sugar cake (rapadura) are sometimes eaten between glasses. Binomial name Citrus X aurantifolia {{{author}}} Limes cut in half Lime (Citrus X aurantifolia) is a citrus tree originating from the Malay Achipelago. ... Rapadura is a traditional candy in Brazil. ...


Cachaça is more commonly consumed as caipirinha ("country girl"), a cocktail containing a crushed lime and sugar. A Caipirinha is a Brazilian cocktail made from Cachaça, limes, sugar, and ice. ... Flaming cocktails contain a small amount of flammable high-proof alcohol which is ignited prior to consumption. ...


See also


 
 

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