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Encyclopedia > Cable television
Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house.
Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house.

Cable television is a system of providing television to consumers via radio frequency signals transmitted to televisions through fixed optical fibers or coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in traditional television broadcasting (via radio waves) in which a television antenna is required. FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephony and similar non television services may also be provided. Cable TV Hong Kong (Hong Kong Cable/HKCTV), previously known as Wharf Cable before October 1998, is owned and operated by i-CABLE Communications Limited. ... Photo of RG-59 cable, taken and annotated by Heron 20:15, 6 Oct 2004 (UTC). ... Photo of RG-59 cable, taken and annotated by Heron 20:15, 6 Oct 2004 (UTC). ... Coaxial Cable For the weapon, see coaxial weapon. ... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length. ... Coaxial Cable For the weapon, see coaxial weapon. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... In telecommunication, Telephony encompasses the general use of equipment to provide voice communication over distances. ...


The abbreviation CATV is often used to mean "Cable TV". It originally stood for Community Antenna Television, from cable television's origins in 1948: in areas where over-the-air reception was limited by mountainous terrain, large "community antennas" were constructed, and cable was run from them to individual homes.


It is most commonplace in North America, Europe, Australia and East Asia, though it is present in many other countries, mainly in South America and the Middle East. Cable TV has had little success in Africa, as it is not cost-effective to lay cables in sparsely populated areas, and although so-called "wireless cable" or microwave-based systems are used, "direct-to-home" satellite television is far more popular, especially in South Africa. North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geographical region. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Multichannel multipoint distribution service, also known as MMDS or wireless cable, is a wireless telecommunications technology, used for general-purpose broadband networking or, more commonly, as an alternative method of cable television programming reception. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ...

Contents

Cable television deployments

Americas

Argentina

Cable television had its origins in the 1960s, when a CATV service started to operate in Junín, Buenos Aires. Junín is a city in the Buenos Aires Province of Argentina Categories: Argentina geography stubs ...


After the debut of the TV color in 1983, a lot of cable operators started operations in the absence of local regulations. Those earlier operators started a merged process which evolved toward the merge of Cablevision and Multicanal, the two biggest Cable Companies. The resultant Company, named Cablevision, is owned by Grupo Clarin, the biggest newspaper in Argentina and also is owner of Canal 13 (the biggest TV station) TyC the owner of the monopoly of the soccer tv brocast right, thus turning into the dominant player.


Some small TV cables Companies are operating, but the tendency now is that Cablevision will dominate this market in the future. Telecom Operator, Telefonica and Telecom, the monopoly in the fixed-cellular market is lobbying for opening the market towards the triple play. Government is opening a window to allow the Cable Operators to enter in the telephony and extend internet coverage, before fully deregulating this market.


In order to Operate as Cable Company in Argentina a licence from Comfer is required. This license is very difficult to get.


Brazil

Cable television is distributed in Brazil by various companies, it is:


All Brazil and São Paulo Digital TV.


NET Cable TV. (Organizações Globo.)


NET Digital TV. (Organizações Globo.)


Globo SAT. (Organizações Globo.)


SKY(***). (The DirecTV Group.)


DirecTV(***). (The DirecTV Group.)


Only in São Paulo.


TVA Cable. (Abril Group Viacom)


TVA Digital. (Abril Group Viacom)


VocêTV. (Telefônica Digital TV LTDA.)


Vivax Cable TV. (Organizações Globo LTDA.)


Alpaville Cable TV (Silvio Santos Group LTDA.)


Assis


TvCassis


(***)SKY and DirecTV are together since 2007.


Canada

The vast majority of Canadians now receive their television service through some sort of multichannel television platform, such as cable television or satellite television, as opposed to an antenna-based system providing only conventional stations. ...

Caribbean

The Caribbean region has a variety of single island Cable television companies. The largest multi-island provider in the region however is Columbus Communications, which currently has operations in Jamaica, The Bahamas, and Trinidad and Tobago. The company also owns the ARCOS undersea fibre optics network spanning 20 countries in the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. // This is a small listing of television channels in the Caribbean region. ... West Indies redirects here. ... Columbus Communications is a cable television and Broadband speed Internet service provider. ... Arcos was a small independent emirate created c. ...


Mexico

The first cable system started to operate in the early 1960s in Monterrey, as a CATV service (an antenna at the top of the Loma Larga, which could get TV signals from South Texas). Most of the other major cities didn't develop cable systems until the late 1980s, due to government censorship. By 1989 the industry had had a major impulse with the founding of Multivisión—a MMDS system who started to develop its own channels in Spanish—and the later development of companies such as Cablemas and Megacable. Megacable is the largest cable operator in México. ...


Over the past few years, many US networks have started to develop content for the Latin American market, such as CNN en Español, MTV, Cartoon Network, Disney Channel, Nickelodeon, and others. The country also has a DTH service called SKY (Televisa & News Corp. owned). Recently DirecTV merged with Sky. The dominant company nowadays is Megacable and Grupo HEVI.[1] CNN en Español is a division of Cable News Network (CNN) broadcasting world news in Spanish 24 hours a day from CNNs global headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, in the United States. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... For the Disney Channel in other countries, see Disney Channel around the world. ... This article is about the TV channel. ... Megacable is the largest cable operator in México. ...


United States

The majority of American television viewers get their signal from CATV.

Cable television in the United States is a common form of television delivery, generally by subscription. ...

Asia

China

China currently had more than 25 million cable tv users in 2007.[1]


Unlike many cable tv operators in other countries that support two-way modes, China's cable tv runs in a one-way mode (download only, no upload)


Hong Kong

Only one traditional cable provider operates in Hong Kong, i-Cable Communications Limited (branded as "CableTV"). Another three operators offer pay-TV via DSL and Ethernet, they are Now Broadband TV (PCCW), HKBN Digital TV and TVB PayVision. (a Hong Kong Cable Television Limitedholding company) SEHK: 1097 NASDAQ: ICAB, i-CABLE in short, is an Internet Service Provider in Hong Kong. ... DSL redirects here. ... Ethernet is a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies that operate at many speeds for local area networks (LANs). ... PCCW Limited (PCCW, 電訊盈科) (NYSE: PCW) is the largest telecommunication enterprise in Hong Kong. ... REDIRECT Television Broadcasts Limited ...


Many people in Hong Kong subscribe to satellite TV services like STAR TV. Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Star TV can refer to the following: Star TV (Ukraine): An electronic/club music channel in Ukraine Star TV (Turkey): A general entertainment channel in Turkey Star TV (Tanzania): A television station in Tanzania STAR TV (Asia): An Asian satellite service owned by News Corporation Startv (Canada): A Canadian weekly...


India

India has over 130 million homes with television sets, of which nearly 71 million have access to cable TV. The overall Cable TV market is growing at a robust 8-10%.[2] The cable TV industry exploded in the early 1990s when the broadcast industry was liberalized, and saw the entry of many foreign players like Rupert Murdoch's Star TV Network in 1991, MTV, and others. The emergence and notification of the HDVSL standard as a home grown Indian digital cable standard is likely to open an era of interactivity on cable networks. Satellite Television for the Asian Region (STAR) is an Asian TV service owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... MTV (Music Television) India is the Indian subsidiary of MTV, a cable television network headquartered in New York. ...


Sun TV (India) was launched in 1992 as the first private channel in South India. Today it has 20 televisions channels in the four South Indian languages - Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu. Channels of the Sun TV network are also available outside India. Recently Sun TV launched a DTH channel. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


The Raj Television Network was started in 1994 and continues to be an important player in the South Indian cable TV provider space.


Ortel Communications Ltd., primarily a broadband access network operator, offers triple play services in the Eastern state of Orissa. Ortel operates OTV Chamatka, a Oriya language satellite channel, as part of its offerings in Orissa.


YOU Telecom India Pvt Ltd, one of the leading stand alone broadband service providers in the country, offers triple play services across 12 cities where it has presence...Mumbai, Pune, Surat, Ahmedabad, Baroda, Rajkot, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Vizag, Chennai, Gurgaon and Navi Mumbai...it offers its services under the YOU brand...


Recently in Feb 08, YOU entered into a joint venture agreement with Malaysia's Red Snapper, a WiFi major, to provide Wirless broadband in the country....YOUSnapper, the JV company, will offer wireless as last mile connectivity to YOU customers..


YOU Telecom has ventured into digital cable services...It has set up Digital Outsourcing, a subsidiary company to manage its digital cable services offered under the DIGIVISION brand......


In Mumbai, it has partnered with SCOD 18 Networking, an MSO, to form YOU SCOD 18 to offer digital cable services in the metropolis...with this arrangement YOU effectively controls more than 60% of Mumbai's cable TV business...


Indonesia

Kabelvision is the first cable television operator which starts its operation in 1995. In 2006, its holding company launches Digital 1, the latest cable television operator that requires digital setup box to be installed. Some of Kabelvision network was later converted to Digital 1. In 2007, the holding company of the two cable television operator rebranded the two service as First Media home cable which incorporates Digital 1 technology. The company is owned by Lippo Group. The Lippo Group is a major Indonesian conglomerate. ...


Korea

There are many cable operaters as Tbroad, C&M, CJ, etc in Korea. The CableTV subscriber is approximately 14 million. The cable operater provide TPS to subscriber in Korea.


Malaysia

Mega TV was launched in 1996 by TV3 as the only cable television service. However, it failed to expand its content, and so, had to close down in 2001, and was replaced by its competitor, the satellite television network Astro. Mega TV was Malaysias first subscription-based television service. ... Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad (STMB) or TV3 was incorporated in 1983 as Malaysia’s first commercial television station. ... This article is about the year. ... Astro is a subscription-based direct broadcast satellite (DBS) or direct-to-home satellite television and radio service initially in Malaysia, but has expanded to Brunei and Indonesia. ...


Maldives

There over 100 cable TV operators across the country. As the population of the Maldives is separated across around 200 inhabited islands where in almost each island there is a cable TV operator. Media Net Pvt. Ltd is the countries largest cable TV operators. Media Net is cable TV operator of Male and provide cable and MMDS service to 5 more islands near Male'. Media Net holds the licence of distribution 41 channels and they distribute channels almost all the operators of the country. In Maldives cable TV subscriber can get most of the premium channels which can be available in Asia region.


Singapore

StarHub Cable Vision is the sole cable television operator in Singapore, where private ownership of satellite dishes is banned. StarHub Cable Vision was formed as a result of a merger between StarHub and Singapore Cable Vision on 15 May 2002. The latter first began broadcasting as a terrestrial pay-television operator in 1992 as the first cable network was not completed until 1995. Around 15% of households and offices in Singapore are connected to the StarHub network. StarHub Cable Vision is the sole cable television operator in Singapore. ... StarHub Limited SGX: T54 is a telecommunications company based in Singapore. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Sri Lanka

Lanka Broadband Networks pay television broadcaster using cable networks to serve 10,000 customers.


Southern Broadband Networks (Pvt) Ltd television broadcaster using cable networks


Thailand

TrueVisions[2] is the only exclusive CATV in Thailand, formerly known as UBC (United Broadcasting Corporation). True Visions is a subsidiary of True[3], provides CATV only in Bangkok area while operate DSTV (Digital Satellite TV) outside Bangkok.


Europe

According the European Audiovisual Observatory, there were 58 million cable households in the European Union as of 31 December 2004, i.e. a rate of penetration of 32 % of the television households. 5.7 millions were connected to digital networks.


Belgium

Belgium is the second most dense cabled country in the world after the Netherlands with over 99% of all households connected to cable television networks. The first networks were built in 1960 in Namur and the Liege region. In 1972, cable television was deployed nationwide as a measure made by the government to eliminate the millions of antennas. Currently most cable companies are active on the triple-play market, offering television, telephone and internet services. Currently the analogue services are phased out to make way for digital television services and high definition television...


Greece

Since 2006, 2 companies distribute cable television in Greece, those companies are Vivodi and On telecoms. Cable television in Greece provides public, private, and also some satellite and local channels. Greek cable tv also includes video on demand (VOD) and both distributors also provide triple play. The service is based on ADSL2+ and only available in few big cities. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ...


Romania

Romania has very high penetration rates for cable television in Europe, with over 79% of all households watching television through a CATV network in 2007.[3] The market is extremely dynamic, and dominated by two giant companies - Romanian based RCS&RDS and U.S. based UPC-Astral. Both additionally offer IP telephony over coaxial cable and Internet services. The national CATV network is being improved, and most households are being migrated towards digital cable solutions. Digital DTH satellite service is available throughout the country, and accounts for an additional 10-15% of the market, with only about 5% being attributed to terrestrial analogue television. Digital satellite DTH is provided by a number of companies. It is possible that Romania will not migrate to digital terrestrial systems, but completely discontinue this service, since the said investments provide limited appeal. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... RCS&RDS is one of the largest Romanian and Eastern European telecoms, offering nation wide satellite television, cable television, cable internet, VOIP, and planned 3G services. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... UPC Romania is Romanias second-largest telecommunications company, a cable television network, internet service provider and telephone operator. ... A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ...


The reasons for this appeal started in the early '90s. After the fall of the communist regime, in 1989, there was only one state owned TV channels available (see TVR), a second channel being closed in 1985 (see TVR2). Private TV channels were slow to appear, because of lack of experience and high start-up costs (most startups were radio stations or newspapers). Thus, for the first three years, over the air, one would get one or two state channels and one or two local, amateurish private channels, broadcasting only a few hours a day. In this environment, cable TV companies appeared and thrived, providing 15-20 foreign channels for a very low price (at the time 2 USD or less), some with Romanian translation, offering high quality news, entertainment and especially movies or cartoons (one of the ways cable companies advertised was the availability of a cartoon channel, Cartoon Network, appealing to children, which in turn would appeal to their parents). The first two companies to provide CATV were Multicanal in Bucharest and Timiş Cablu in Timişoara, both out of business today. Many small, startup firms gradually grew, and coverage increased (coverage wars were frequent in the early period, with many cable boxes smashed, and new cable networks offering "half off for twice the channels" and immediately wiring the building for any willing persons). However, this period soon ended, with consolidation around 1995-1996. Some large companies emerged: Kappa and RCS in Bucharest, Astral in Cluj, UPC in Timişoara, TourImex in Râmnicu Vâlcea. This consolidation came with gentlemen agreements over areas of control and pricing, with claims of monopoly abounding. This process of consolidation was completed around 2005-2006, when only two big suppliers of cable remained: UPC-Astral and RDS. Internet over coaxial cable has been available since around 2000, and IP telephony (over the CATV infrastructure) since the deregulation of the market in 2003. Currently, cable TV is available in most of the country, including most rural areas (where lives roughly 50% of the population). Satellite digital TV appeared in 2004, providing coverage for the rest of the country, with both RCS&RDS and UPC-Astral having a stake in these companies. IPTV (over DSL) is also planned by Romtelecom through its TV service (Dolce), after offering Satellite digital DTH TV. However, IPTV will not be much of a competition, since the other two big ISPs are also the two biggest CATV providers. Combatants Securitate and other loyalist forces Anti-CeauÅŸescu protesters, discontented Communist party members, Romanian Army defectors Commanders Nicolae CeauÅŸescu† Various independent leaders Casualties 1,104 deaths The Romanian Revolution of 1989 was a week-long series of riots and fighting in late December of 1989 that overthrew the... When looking for Romanian television, did you mean: Communications in Romania for information on the number of television sets and television usage Televiziunea Română for information on TVR, the national television network A list of Romanian television networks: ProTV and Antena1 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... This article is about the year. ... TVR2, Televiziunea Română 2 (TVR Doi, translated: Romanian Television 2), is the second channel of the public broadcaster TVR. The channel was created in 1968, but it was suspended from 1985 until after the fall of the Communist regime in 1989. ... A radio station is a site configured for broadcasting sound. ... Reading the newspaper: Brookgreen Gardens in Pawleys Island, South Carolina. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... For other uses of TimiÅŸ, see TimiÅŸ (disambiguation). ... Cluj may refer to Cluj County, Romania Cluj-Napoca, county seat of Cluj County, named Cluj until 1974 Category: ... County Status County capital Mayor Mircia Gutău, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 89. ... DSL may refer to: Damn Small Linux Dark and Shattered Lands, a MUD based loosely on Forgotten Realms and Dragonlance books. ... Romtelecom is the largest telecommunications company in Romania; the majority of shares are held by the Greek telecommunications company OTE (54. ...


Cable TV is very cheap for all standards, the standard/basic service, offering about 50 channels, is around 20-30 RON/month including VAT (about 7-10 €), with the most expensive service, offering 10-15 channels more, including some pay-per-view such as HBO or Cinemax, costing no more than 60-70 RON/month (around 20-23 €). The Romanian leu (plural: lei; ISO 4217 code ROL) is the national currency of Romania. ... vat can be a type of barrel used for storage. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. ... Pay-per-view is the name given to a system by which television viewers can call and order events to be seen on TV and pay for the private telecast of that event to their homes later. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Republic of Ireland

Cable television in the Republic of Ireland is the most common system for distributing multi-channel television in the state. ...

Switzerland

In Switzerland, virtually all households have cable TV. Ironically, despite this good coverage, Switzerland has only a few public TV stations (two each for the German, French and Italian-speaking parts of the country); additionally, there is now only one upstart commercial network with coverage comparable to these state-run channels. To watch news or political information, Swiss channels are preferred, but in the entertainment sector (feature movies, comedies, talk shows), private TV stations from Germany, France and Italy are dominant.


United Kingdom

When the UK’s infant television service was re-established after WW2, in June 1946, it had only one transmitter, at Alexandra Palace, which served the London area. From the end of 1949, new transmitters were steadily opened to serve other major conurbations, and then smaller areas of population. The areas on the fringes of the transmitter coverage provided an opportunity for commercial companies - usually those renting television sets - to install cable systems to enlarge the viewing audience for the one BBC television channel which then existed. The first was in Gloucester in 1950 and the process gathered pace over the next few years, especially after a second television channel, ITV, was launched in 1955 to compete with the BBC. By the late 1970s, two and a half million British homes received their television service via cable. Set in Alexandra Park, Alexandra Palace was built in an area spanning Wood Green and Muswell Hill, North London, England in 1873 as a public recreation, education and entertainment centre and North London counterpart of The Crystal Palace. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see ITV (disambiguation). ...


By law, these cable systems were restricted to the relay of the public broadcast channels, which meant that as the transmitter network became more comprehensive the incentive to subscribe to cable was reduced and they began to lose customers. In 1982, a radical liberalisation of the law on cable was proposed by the Information Technology Advisory Panel, for the sake of promoting a new generation of broadband cable systems leading to the wired society. After setting up and receiving the conclusions of the Hunt Inquiry into Cable Expansion and Broadcasting Policy, the Government decided to proceed with liberalisation and two pieces of legislation. the Cable and Broadcasting Act and the Telecommunications Act, were enacted in 1984.


The result was that cable systems were permitted to carry as many new television channels as they liked, as well as providing a telephone service and interactive services of many kinds (as since made familiar by the Internet). To maintain the momentum of the perceived commercial interest in this new investment opportunity, in 1983 the Government itself granted eleven interim franchises for new broadband systems each covering a community of up to around 100,000 homes, but the competitive franchising process was otherwise left to the new regulatory body, the Cable Authority, which took on its powers from 1 January 1985. The Cable Authority was a body in the United Kingdom, which existed from the 1980s until December 31, 1990 to regulate those non-terrestrial television channels broadcasting at the time, which were only available to a very small audience. ...


The franchising process proceeded steadily, but the actual construction of new systems was slow, as doubts about an adequate payback from the substantial investment persisted. By the end of 1990 almost 15 million homes had been included in franchised areas, but only 828,000 of these had been passed by broadband cable and only 149,000 were actually subscribing. Thereafter, however, construction accelerated and take-up steadily improved.


The first new television channels launched for carriage on cable systems (going live in March 1984) were Sky Channel, Screensport, Music Box and TEN - the Movie Channel. Others followed, some were merged or closed down, but the range expanded. A similar flux was seen among the operators of cable systems: franchises were granted to a host of different companies, but a process of consolidation saw the growth of large multiple system operators, until by early in the 2000s virtually the whole industry was in the hands of two companies, NTL and Telewest. Sky Channel can refer to any of the following. ... Original Screensport Logo Newer Screensport Logo, used from 1991 until the channel was closed down in 1993 by new owners, Eurosport Screensport was a pan-European sports television channel. ... Music Box Ltd. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Virgin Media, Telewest and Virgin. ... Telewest (formerly Telewest Broadband and Telewest Communications) is a trading name of NTL Incorporated, the dominant cable operator in the United Kingdom with more than 90% of the market. ...


In 2005 it was announced that NTL and Telewest would merge, after a period of co-operation in the preceding few years. This merger was completed on 3 March 2006 with the company being named ntl Incorporated. For the time being the two brand names and services were marketed separately. However, following NTL's acquisition of Virgin Mobile, the NTL and Telewest services were rebranded Virgin Media on 2007-02-08 creating a single cable operator covering more than 95% of the UK cable market. The Virgin Mobile Worldwide logo. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are a small number of other surviving cable television companies in the UK outside of NTL including WightCable (Isle of Wight) and Smallworld (Ayrshire, Carlisle and Lancashire). WightCable is a provider of commercial and residential cable television, telephone and broadband internet services in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Isle of Wight (disambiguation). ... Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir in Scottish Gaelic) is a region of south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. ... For other uses, see Carlisle (disambiguation). ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ...


Cable TV faces intense competition from BSkyB's Sky Digital satellite television service. Most channels are carried on both platforms. However, cable often lacks "interactive" features (e.g. text services, and extra video-screens), especially on BSkyB owned channels, and the satellite platform lacks services requiring high degrees of two-way communication, such as true video on demand. British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB - formerly two companies, Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, which merged) is a company that operates the most popular subscription television service in the Ireland. ... For a wider corporate history and profile, see British Sky Broadcasting. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ...


However, subscription-funded digital terrestrial television proved less of a competitive threat. The first system, ITV Digital, went into liquidation in 2002. Top Up TV later replaced it, however this service is shrinking as the DVB-T multiplex owners are finding FTA broadcasting more profitable. Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Top Up TV is a pay TV service provided in the United Kingdom. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ...


Another potential source of competition in the future will be TV over broadband internet connections; this is known as IPTV. Some IPTV services are currently available in London, while services operated in Hull ceased in April 2006. As the speed and availability of broadband connections increase, more TV content can be delivered using protocols such as IPTV. However, its impact on the market is yet to be measured, as is consumer attitude toward watching TV programmes on computers instead of television sets. At the end of 2006, BT (the UK's former state owned monopoly phone company) started offering BT Vision, which combines the digital free-to-air standard Freeview through an aerial, and on-demand IPTV, delivered over a BT Broadband connection through the Vision set-top box. Broadband in telecommunications is a term that refers to a signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies, which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... This article is about internet protocol television. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A stylised illustration of a personal computer A personal computer (PC) is a computer whose original sales price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals, intended to be operated directly by an end user, with no intervening computer operator. ...


Oceania

Australia

Cable television services have been available in Australia since 1991 or 1992, with Galaxy TV being the first. It became insolvent in 1997, due to decreasing popularity with the launching of Foxtel and Austar in May of 1995, two cable services that offered more variety than Galaxy TV. Foxtel immediately commenced in supplying programming to Galaxy's subscribers on an interim basis. In 1999 Foxtel was able to significantly boost its customer base by acquiring Galaxy TV's subscribers from the Australis Media liquidator and commenced offering its services on a satellite television platform. There are currently two major and four minor cable television providers in Australia - Foxtel and Optus TV. Minor providers include Austar, TransACT, Bright Telecommunications and Neighbourhood Cable, which only operate in limited areas. Galaxy (a trading name of Australis Media) is a former provider of pay television programming in Australia via satellite and wireless cable (microwave) delivery methods. ... Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... An Austar Remote Austar is an Australian telecommunications company. ... Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... Optus Television is the cable television division of Australian telecommunications company Optus. ... An Austar Remote Austar is an Australian telecommunications company. ... TransACT is an Australian telecommunications company based in Canberra which provides broadband internet access, fixed and mobile telephony, and cable television services in Canberra and a subset of these services in Queanbeyan and throughout South-east NSW. The company is part-owned by ActewAGL (the main energy and water utility... Neighbourhood Cable (ASX: NCA) is a regional telecommunications provider based in Victoria. ...


Inside the capital cities, cable is the more predominant form of pay television distribution. In regional areas or in new or outskirted areas of cities, satellite is far more common.


Due to its history, financial backing and market dominance, most local versions of channels are either owned directly by Foxtel and Austar or through related companies.


In terms of coverage, Foxtel's cable network covers parts of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, and Perth. Optus's network covers small parts of Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane, though its restrictive subscription rules means that many people living in apartments or confined living areas may be unable to be connected. Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... SingTel Optus Pty Limited is the second largest telecommunications company in Australia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore Telecommunications (ASX: ). The company primarily trades under the Optus brand, while maintaining several wholly owned subsidiary brands, such as Virgin Mobile Australia and Boost Mobile in the mobile telephony market... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ...


Austar is available by satellite in most of regional and rural Australia, but does have a small cable network in the city of Darwin. TransACT is only available in the city of Canberra, where a custom cable network was developed. A similar situation used to exist in Perth where a small area was covered by Bright Telecommunications (however they closed down after lack of funding) as well in parts of Geelong, Ballarat and Mildura that are reached by Neighbourhood Cable. Port Darwin redirects here. ... TransACT is an Australian telecommunications company based in Canberra which provides broadband internet access, fixed and mobile telephony, and cable television services in Canberra and a subset of these services in Queanbeyan and throughout South-east NSW. The company is part-owned by ActewAGL (the main energy and water utility... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... This article is about the Victorian city; the name may also refer to City of Geelong or Geelong city centre. ... A view of Ballarat East and Eureka from Sovereign Hill. ... Mildura is a locality in northwestern Victoria, Australia. ... Neighbourhood Cable (ASX: NCA) is a regional telecommunications provider based in Victoria. ...


New Zealand

TelstraClear operates a cable television network in Wellington, Kapiti and Christchurch. Customers can subscribe to plans incorporating between 25 and 95 channels. Most content is offered on behalf of Sky Network Television, however, some channels such as TBN, Discovery Travel and Adventure and Deutsche Welle are broadcast exclusively through TelstraClear. TelstraClear is New Zealands second largest telecommunications company and is a fully owned subsidiary of Telstra Corporation (Australia). ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... Kapiti can refer to: Kapiti Island, a small island a short distance off the New Zealand coast north of Wellington. ... This article is about the city in New Zealand. ... SKY Network Television Limited (ASX: ; NZX: SKT), often trading as SKY, is a New Zealand pay television service. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the largest Christian religious television network in the world and is headquartered near Los Angeles in Costa Mesa, California with studios near Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex in Irving, Texas and near Nashville in Hendersonville, Tennessee. ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel founded by John Hendricks which is distributed by Discovery Communications. ... This article is about the German international broadcaster. ...


Other cable-based services

Coaxial cables are capable of bi-directional carriage of signals as well as the transmission of large amounts of data. Cable television signals use only a portion of the bandwidth available over coaxial lines. This leaves plenty of space available for other digital services such as broadband internet and cable telephony. Broadband Internet access, often shortened to broadband Internet or just broadband is a high data-transmission rate Internet connection. ... Cable telephony is a specialized form of digital telephony over cable TV networks accomplished by installing a special telephone interface at the customers premises that converts the analog signals from the customers in-home wiring into a digital signal, which is then sent over the cable connection to...


Broadband internet is achieved over coaxial cable by using cable modems to convert the network data into a type of digital signal that can be transferred over coaxial cable. One problem with some cable systems is the older amplifiers placed along the cable routes are unidirectional thus in order to allow for uploading of data the customer would need to use an analog telephone modem to provide for the upstream connection. This limited the upstream speed to 31.2k and prevented the always-on convenience broadband internet typically provides. Many large cable systems have upgraded or are upgrading their equipment to allow for bi-directional signals, thus allowing for greater upload speed and always-on convenience, though these upgrades are expensive. An outdated model of the Motorola Surfboard cable modem A cable modem is a type of modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the cable television infrastructure. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ...


In North America, Australia and Europe many cable operators have already introduced cable telephone service, which operates just like existing fixed line operators. This service involves installing a special telephone interface at the customer's premises that converts the analog signals from the customer's in-home wiring into a digital signal, which is then sent on the local loop (replacing the analog last mile, or POTS) to the company's switching center, where it is connected to the PSTN. The biggest obstacle to cable telephone service is the need for nearly 100% reliable service for emergency calls. One of the standards available for digital cable telephony, PacketCable, seems to be the most promising and able to work with the Quality of Service demands of traditional analog POTS service. The biggest advantage to digital cable telephone service is similar to the advantage of digital cable TV, namely that data can be compressed, resulting in much less bandwidth used than a dedicated analog circuit-switched service. Other advantages include better voice quality and integration to a VoIP network providing cheap or unlimited nationwide and international calling. Note that in many cases, digital cable telephone service is separate from cable modem service being offered by many cable companies and does not rely on IP traffic or the Internet. North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Digital telephony (a. ... In telecommunications, the local loop is the wiring between the central office (telephone exchange in British English) and the customers premises demarcation point. ... The last mile is the final leg of delivering connectivity from a communications provider to a customer. ... Plain old telephone service, or POTS, are the services available from analogue telephones prior to the introduction of electronic telephone exchanges into the public switched telephone network. ... The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the concatenation of the worlds public circuit-switched telephone networks, in much the same way that the Internet is the concatenation of the worlds public IP-based packet-switched networks. ... PacketCable™ is an organization started by CableLabs® in Colorado. ... In the fields of packet-switched networks and computer networking, the traffic engineering term Quality of Service, abbreviated QoS, refers to resource reservation control mechanisms. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ... An outdated model of the Motorola Surfboard cable modem A cable modem is a type of modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the cable television infrastructure. ...


[Pakistan] Cable Modem


Beginning in 2004 in the United States, the traditional cable television providers and traditional telecommunication companies increasingly compete in providing voice, video and data services to residences. The combination of TV, telephone and Internet access is commonly called triple play regardless of whether CATV or telcos offer it. In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ... A telephone company (or telco) provides telecommunications services such as telephony and data communications. ...


Consumer Issues

The cable industry spends millions of dollars annually on government relationships.[4][5][6][7] Regularly this industry employs the spouses, sons and daughters of influential mayors, councilmen, commissioners, and other officials to assure its continued local monopoly and preferred market allocations, many of which have been questioned as unethical.[8]


The monopoly on cable television has historically been enforced by local governments. Cable maintains thousands of such de facto monopolies. In order to provide service to individual homes, a cable provider must place its cable wiring along and across local streets or other rights-of-way. To do so, the provider must get permission from the local government(s) that own those streets via rights-of-way permits.

Operational permission comes in the form of a document called a local franchise agreement. Most of local government(s) chose to grant permission to only one company, however, recently states have developed broader franchising laws to drive more investment and competition. Changes in the federal law in 1992 had forced local governments to grant permission to other companies to provide service, however the U.S. Government found in 2006 that only 2% of U.S. households had a competitive choice. In some cases Comcast, with municipal government approval, had entered into market allocation schemes. By agreeing to not compete head to head, consumers thus are perpetually locked into a single monopoly cable provider with annual price escalations reaching 93% in the past decade.[9][10][11][12] Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ...


A recent third party survey of citizens found approximately 62% of the respondents were very dissatisfied (along with another 25% who were dissatisfied) with the cost of cable television service. A majority of the respondents were satisfied with the friendliness and courtesy of customer service personnel, however, approximately 30% of the respondents rated the cable company's performance as poor. With regard to open-ended comments, respondents felt that the cost of the cable service was too high, a need for cable competition existed and the desire for a basic cable package offering was desired. Although respondents cited these critical issues, the local monopoly structure preserves the status quo of poor customer service, limited product choices, no direct competition and uncontrollable annual cable TV price increases. Relief for consumers is being created by state level a multi jurisdictional franchise and service process that will spur investment and competition; thus driving economic development sought by state and local government leaders.[13]


The industry strongly lobbies against federal "family tier" and "a la carte" bills that would give consumers the option to purchase individual channels rather than a broad tier of programming. These anti-consumer issues continue to garner attention from state governments, Congress and FCC Chairman Martin. [14]


See also

DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... North America cable television broadcast band Channels T-7 through T-14 are sub-band channels and are not used for normal television channel distribution. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term that refers to a signaling method that includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies, which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ...

References

  1. ^ Grupo HEVI
  2. ^ Scatindia
  3. ^ http://www.http://www.zf.ro/articol_123324/romania_are_cea_mai_mare_rata_de_penetrare_a_televiziunii_prin_cablu_din_balcani_.html Romania has the highest penetration rates for cable in the Balkans - Ziarul Financiar

External links

Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Adams Cable is a local cable telvision and Internet provider that serves northeast Pennsylvania. ... Adelphia Communications Corporation, named after the Greek word brothers, was the fifth largest cable company in the United States before filing for bankruptcy in 2002 due to internal corruption. ... Armstrong Telephone Company is a telecommunications provider, and part of the Armstrong Group of Companies. ... Atlantic Broadband is one of the top 20 cable operators in the United States with over 250,000 customers. ... An Austar Remote Austar is an Australian telecommunications company. ... The Bright House Networks logo. ... Buckeye CableSystem is a cable company located in Toledo, Ohio and serves Northwest Ohio and parts of Southeast Michigan. ... CableOne is a United States cable service provider and subsidiary of The Washington Post Company, functioning as it own self-contained corporation within its parent. ... Cable TV Hong Kong (Hong Kong Cable/HKCTV), previously known as Wharf Cable before October 1998, is owned and operated by i-CABLE Communications Limited. ... For other uses, see Cablevision (disambiguation). ... Cablevision, formerly Electrovision de La Tuque, is a cable television and Internet provider in Canada. ... Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ... Charter Communications NASDAQ: CHTR is an American company providing cable television, high-speed Internet, and telephone services to more than 5. ... Champion Broadband is a cable, Internet, and telephone provider in the United States. ... Cogeco (TSX: CGO) is a Canadian media and communications company. ... Columbus Communications is a cable television and Broadband speed Internet service provider. ... Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA) is the largest cable television company and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ... Com Hem AB of Sweden, supplies triple play services that include cable tv, digital television, broadband, telephony and recently HDTV. Founded in 1983 as Televerket Kabel-TV as part of the former state-owned Televerket, the company has been successively named Svenska Kabel-TV AB and Telia InfoMedia TeleVision AB... Cox Communications is a privately owned subsidiary of Cox Enterprises providing digital cable television and telecommunications services in the United States. ... Darty, founded in 1957 by the Darty Family in France, is now a wholly owned subsidiary of KESA Electricals Plc specialising in Electrical retailing. ... Bragg Communications Inc. ... Embarq Corporation, or EMBARQ is the fourth largest local exchange carrier in the United States (below the Baby Bells) and the largest independent local provider, serving customers in 18 states and providing local, long distance, high-speed data and wireless services to residential and business customers. ... Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... GCI Communication Corp. ... Global Destiny Cable is a direct-to-home cable TV subscription service. ... Globosat is a multichannel, subscription-based cable and satellite TV service in Brazil, created in 1991, after the creation of cable and satellite TV services. ... Hathway is a major cable television service operator in India. ... Hot is a telecommunications and cable television company in Israel founded on August 18, 2003. ... Insight Commuications in a cable provider in the United States. ... Kabel Deutschland is a cable company operating in Germany, serving some Bundesländer, but not Baden-Württemberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Hessen and east Thuringia. ... Knology logo. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Power cable is an assembly of two or more electrical conductors, often held together with an overall sheath. ... MCV Broadband (Full name Marinanas Cable Vision Broadband) is a independently owned Telecommunications company headquarted in Dededo, Guam that specializes in Cable television, telephone, and broadband ISPs. ... Mediacom Communications (NASDAQ: MCCC; usually called just Mediacom) is a cable television and communications provider in the United States. ... Midcontinent Communications is a provider of cable TV, internet, and general telephony services for home and business, serving the states of Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota (where the company is headquartered, in the city of Sioux Falls). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Neighbourhood Cable (ASX: NCA) is a regional telecommunications provider based in Victoria. ... Net Serviços de Comunicação S.A. is the largest pay television operator in Brazil. ... ONO is a cable company that operates in Spain offering Triple Play services (telephone, Internet and television). ... Optus Television is the cable television division of Australian telecommunications company Optus. ... Persona Inc. ... Qwest Choice Television is a digital cable provider in Phoenix, Denver, and Salt Lake City. ... RCS&RDS is one of the largest Romanian and Eastern European telecoms, offering nation wide satellite television, cable television, cable internet, VOIP, and planned 3G services. ... RCN, NASDAQ: RCNI, is a cable television, telephone and Internet service provider serving the Northern Virginia to Boston corridor as well as areas of California. ... Rogers Communications Inc. ... Royal Cable is the cable company available inside Santa Rosa City, Cabuyao, and Calamba City. ... Satview is a cable televsion Master System Operator in the [[United States] with cable television systems in the States of California, Nevada and Utah. ... Service Electric Cable TV is a cable television company serving Eastern Pennsylvania. ... SkyCable is a direct-to-home cable TV and subscription service, established by the Lopez Group of Companies and Central CATV Group Of Companies. ... Shaw Communications is a Canadian telecommunications company that provides telephone, internet and television services. ... StarHub Cable Vision Limited is the sole cable television operator in Singapore. ... Suddenlink Communications, formerly Cebridge Connections, is an American national cable television company that operates in more than 20 states in primarily suburban, small-town, and rural communities. ... Telenet is the largest provider of broadband cable services in Belgium. ... TDC A/S (NYSE: TLD) is the former telecom monopoly in Denmark. ... German Tele Columbus Group is the third largest cable provider in Germany and with 3. ... Tele2 AB is one of Europes biggest alternative telecommunications operators with over 30 million customers in 22 countries. ... Telmarc Cable was established back in 1986-1987. ... TelstraClear is New Zealands second largest telecommunications company and is a fully owned subsidiary of Telstra Corporation (Australia). ... Time Warner Cable (NYSE: TWC) is an American national cable television company that operates in 27 states and has 31 operating divisions. ... TransACT is an Australian telecommunications company based in Canberra which provides broadband internet access, fixed and mobile telephony, and cable television services in Canberra and a subset of these services in Queanbeyan and throughout South-east NSW. The company is part-owned by ActewAGL (the main energy and water utility... United Broadcasting Corporation, a former company of True Visions, widely known as UBC, is Thailands leading cable satellite television operator. ... TV Cabo, a division of Portugal Telecom, is the main cable television provider of Portugal. ... TVTEL (TVTEL Comunicações, S.A.) is a Portuguese digital satellite and cable pay television service provider. ... UPC Ireland N.V. is Liberty Global Europes operation in Ireland. ... UPC-Astral is a Romanian telecommunications company, a cable television network, internet service provider and telephone operator. ... Vidéotron Limited is an integrated communications company active in cable television, interactive multimedia development, video on demand, wireless communication and Internet access services, serving Quebec, Canada. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... WOW! (formerly WideOpenWest), is the 12th largest cable provider in the United States. ... WightCable is a provider of commercial and residential cable television, telephone and broadband internet services in the United Kingdom. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Arab Radio and Television Network (Acronym: ART) is an Arabic-language television network characterized by its multitude of channels. ... Astro is a subscription-based direct broadcast satellite (DBS) or direct-to-home satellite television and radio service initially in Malaysia, but has expanded to Brunei and Indonesia. ... Astro Nusantara is a satellite television service in Indonesia. ... An Austar Remote Austar is an Australian telecommunications company. ... Bell ExpressVu is the division of Bell Canada Enterprises that provides satellite television service across Canada. ... Boom TV (DTH Television Group) is the last player that came into the market of romanian DTH. The program packages offered by Boom were made to satisfy the needs of the viewers by selecting the programs and offering exclusive shows according to the prezentasion from the launching of Boom. ... Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ... Canal Digitaal Satelliet is a provider of digital television via satellite for the Dutch market, using the Astra-1 satellites at 19. ... CanalSat is a French digital satellite and DSL pay television service owned by Canal+ Group (66%) and Lagardere Active (34%), a subsidiary of Lagardère. ... Cyfra+ is a Polish digital satellite platform, owned and operated by French media company Canal+ (Cyfra is Polish for Digit). It offers 600 radio and TV channels. ... DD Direct Plus is a free Direct to Home (DTH) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the Indian subcontinent, owned by parent company Doordarshan. ... Dialog TV is a Direct broadcast satellite pay television provider based in Sri Lanka. ... Digi TV is a DTH platform of RDS, a Romanian cable, telephony, and Internet provider. ... Digital Plus Digital+ is a Spanish satellite platform who offers a variety of channels, national and international and pay per view films and football, known as Taquilla. It is a subdivision of Sogecable, and was founded in July 23, 2003 as a result of the merger of Via Digital (owned... Digiturk (or DIGITURK) is a Turkish Satellite television provider, founded in 1999, with services starting in mid-2000. ... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that was founded in 1994. ... DISH Network is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that provides satellite television, audio programming, and interactive television services to households and businesses in the United States, owned by parent company DISH Network Corporation. ... Dish TV is a satellite broadcasting service available to users in India,Sri Lanka,Pakistan,Bangladesh,Nepal and parts of South East Asia. ... Dolce is a DTH platform of Romtelecom, a Romanian telephony, and Internet provider. ... Digital Satellite Television (also known as DStv) is MultiChoices multi-channel digital satellite TV service in Africa, launched in 1995. ... The logo of the euro1080 channels, HD1, HD2 and HD5 Euro1080 was the first commercial broadcaster in Europe to air full time HDTV content (1920x1080ix50hz,dolby digital 5. ... Focus Sat and Eastern Space Systems launched in March 2005 the second platform of digital television DTH from Romania. ... Freesat is a BBC-owned trademark for free to air digital satellite television services targeting the UK. It is used as a tradename by two, differing systems, one of which is not purely free-to-air. ... This article is about the free-to-view satellite service from BSkyB. For the similarly named free-to-air service from the BBC and ITV, see Freesat. ... Freeview is a non-profit organisation providing free-to-air digital television and digital radio to New Zealand. ... Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... GlobeCast World TV is a direct-to-home provider of free-to-air and Nagravision-encrypted ethnic television and audio channels via the Galaxy 25 satellite. ... Globosat is a multichannel, subscription-based cable and satellite TV service in Brazil, created in 1991, after the creation of cable and satellite TV services. ... GloryStar Satellite Systems is a vendor of satellite television equipment oriented towards viewers of satellite-delivered Christian broadcast ministries. ... High Televison (also known as HiTV) is Entertainment Highways multi-channel digital satellite TV service in Nigeria, launched in 2006. ... Indovision is a subscription-based direct broadcast satellite (DBS) or direct-to-home satellite television and radio service initially in Indonesia. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Does not meet WP:CORP If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... Kristal-ASTRO, formed on January 24, 2000, is the sole operator of Bruneis multi-channel pay-television service. ... Digital Cable System, the owner of Max TV is a corporation of firms who provides DTH services of satellite television . ... The correct title of this article is . ... NTV+ is the brand name for the Russian digital satellite television service from NTV, transmitted from Eutelsats W4 satellite at 36. ... NOVA Cyprus is a Cypriot digital satellite pay television service owned by Multichoice Cyprus. ... NOVA Greece is a Greek digital satellite pay television service owned by Multichoice Hellas and Teletypos. ... Orbit Satellite Television and Radio Network was the world’s first fully digital, multi-channel, multi-lingual, pay television service, providing perfect sound and picture quality at all times. ... Premiere is the first German Pay-TV company, offering several channels of digital content via satellite and cable. ... PrimeStar is a now-defunct U.S. direct broadcast satellite organization formed in 1991. ... SelecTV is an Australian satellite based subscription television broadcasting service headed by CEO Jim Blomfield (previously CEO of FOXTEL). ... Showtime or Showtime Arabia (Gulf DTH F.Z. L.L.C., the operating company behind digital pay TV broadcaster Showtime) as its called to distinguish itself from its U.S. counterpart, is the dominant subscription television service in the Middle East, North Africa, and the Levant territories. ... For a wider corporate history and profile, see British Sky Broadcasting. ... SKY Italia is an Italian digital satellite television platform owned by News Corporation. ... This page has been deleted, and protected to prevent re-creation. ... SKY Perfect Communications Inc. ... SKY Network Television Limited (ASX: ; NZX: SKT), often trading as SKY, is a New Zealand pay television service. ... Star Choice is a direct broadcast satellite television distributor in Canada which is majority-owned by cable TV operator Shaw Communications Inc. ... Star TV can refer to the following: Star TV (Ukraine): An electronic/club music channel in Ukraine Star TV (Turkey): A general entertainment channel in Turkey Star TV (Tanzania): A television station in Tanzania STAR TV (Asia): An Asian satellite service owned by News Corporation Startv (Canada): A Canadian weekly... Sun TV Network is a Rs 16000-crore (4 Billion $) Indian cable television network based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... Tata Sky is a DTH satellite television provider in India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... United Broadcasting Corporation, a former company of True Visions, widely known as UBC, is Thailands leading cable satellite television operator. ... TV Cabo, a division of Portugal Telecom, is the main cable television provider of Portugal. ... TVTEL (TVTEL Comunicações, S.A.) is a Portuguese digital satellite and cable pay television service provider. ... TV Vlaanderen Digitaal is a provider of digital television via satellite for the Belgian market, using the Astra-1 satellites at 19. ... UBI WORLD TV is an Australian digital satellite pay television service that broadcasts predominantly ethnic (and mainly non-english) channels. ... Viasat is a DBS distributor and TV broadcaster, owned by the Swedish media conglomerate Modern Times Group. ... The VOOM logo Voom was a direct broadcast satellite television provider serving the United States. ... WOWOW was the first private satellite broadcasting and pay TV station in Japan. ... Yes TV (formally incorporated as D.B.S. Satellite Services (1998) Ltd) founded in 1998, is the sole satellite television provider (DBS) in Israel. ... This article is about internet protocol television. ... Bell Aliant Regional Communications is a communications company providing services primarily in rural areas throughout eastern Canada, as Aliant in Atlantic Canada and as Bell in central Canada. ... The Belgacom Group, composed of Belgacom NV/SA and its subsidiaries, is the leading telecommunications company in Belgium. ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ... BT Vision is a service provided in the United Kingdom supplied by BT Group. ... Canal Digital is a Scandinavian television distributor that was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company Canal+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ... Clix is the triple play brand of Portuguese telecommunication operator Sonaecom, majority-owned by the Sonae conglomerate, with a participation of France Télécom. ... Crnogorski Telekom (NEX: TECG) is the leading telecommunications operator in Montenegro. ... Darty, founded in 1957 by the Darty Family in France, is now a wholly owned subsidiary of KESA Electricals Plc specialising in Electrical retailing. ... Free is a French Internet Service Provider (ISP), which is a subsidiary of the Iliad Group. ... Fine tv is the third pay TV station in Malaysia. ... The IAEA INES Scale The INES (International Nuclear Events Scale) was introduced by IAEA in order to enable prompt communication of safety significance information in case of nuclear accidents. ... Imagenio is the comercial name of the IPTV , Television over ADSL , service of Spains Telefonica company. ... KPN (in full Koninklijke KPN N.V., Royal KPN NV) (NYSE: KPN) is a Dutch fixed-line and mobile telecommunications company, including both 2G and 3G mobile operations. ... mio TV is a 24-hours pay-TV service, introduced by SingTel. ... Neuf (formerly known as Neuf Telecom) is French telecom provider offering a number of services to the larger urban areas of France, ranking number two in the country. ... For the television station in Surrey, British Columbia that formally used the on-air brand NOWTV, see CHNU-TV now TV (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a 24-hour pay-TV service provider in Hong Kong SAR. It is transmitted through the companys Netvigator broadband network via an IPTV service. ... Portugal Telecom (Euronext: PTC, NYSE: PT) is the biggest telecommunications operator in Portugal. ... Meo is the commercial name of the IPTV television over ADSL service of Portugals PT Comunicações telco company. ... Telefónica, S.A., (IBEX-35:TEF, Euronext: TEF, NYSE: TEF, LSE: TDE, FWB: TEF, TYO: 9481) is a Spanish telecommunications company. ... TELUS (TSX: T, NYSE: TU) is a Canadian telecommunications firm, the countrys second-largest telecommunications carrier after Bell Canada, with C$8. ... Tiscali TV is a UK-based consumer Video on Demand service, operated by the European telephony company, Tiscali SpA. The service, originally known as Homechoice, was provided by Video Networks Limited (VNL), based in Shepherds Bush in West London, until it was purchased by Tiscali UK in August 2006... Total Peripherals Group (commonly known as TPG) is a privately owned Australian ISP and IT company. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... T-Hrvatski Telekom (T-HT; T-Croatian Telecom) is the national telecommunications company in Croatia. ... Sky Angel is a multi-channel, direct-to-home satellite television and radio service that specializes in Christian and family-friendly programming. ... AT&T U-verse is the brand name for a group of services provided over Internet Protocol (IP), including television service, Internet access, and voice telephone service. ... VDC Corporation, based in Northbrook, Illinois, is the first company to deliver Television On the Desktop, or TOD, programming over IP to desktop computers, cell phones, and mobile devices. ... Viasat is a DBS distributor and TV broadcaster, owned by the Swedish media conglomerate Modern Times Group. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ... Boxer TV Access is the Swedish digital terrestrial television (DTT) pay-TV-provider. ... Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... Freeview is a non-profit organisation providing free-to-air digital television and digital radio to New Zealand. ... KPN (in full Koninklijke KPN N.V., Royal KPN NV) (NYSE: KPN) is a Dutch fixed-line and mobile telecommunications company, including both 2G and 3G mobile operations. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... MiTV Corporation Sdn Bhd is Malaysias second pay television operator. ... The service known as Multichoice TV is a wirelessly broadcated Cable television service in the country of Barbados. ... The Pakistan Television Corporation (abbreviated as PTV) (Urdu: پاکستان ٹیلیوژن کارپوریشن) is the state-run television service in Pakistan, and has been on the air since 1964. ... PlusTV is a Finnish digital terrestrial television distributor. ... RiksTV (formerly NTV Pluss) is the distributor of pay television in the Norwegian digital terrestrial television network. ... Télévision Numérique Terrestre logo TNT (Télévision Numérique Terrestre) is the national digital terrestrial service for France. ... Top Up TV is a pay TV service provided in the United Kingdom. ... Sky Picnic is a upcoming pay TV service on Freeview. ... // Fiber to the premises (FTTP) is a form of fiber-optic communication delivery in which an optical fiber is run directly onto the customers premises. ... FiOS (Fiber Optic Service) is a fiber to the premises (FTTP) telecommunications service, originally piloted in Keller, Texas, and now offered in many areas of the United States by Verizon. ... TVTEL (TVTEL Comunicações, S.A.) is a Portuguese digital satellite and cable pay television service provider. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
informitv - Cable television industry support for OCAP deployments (399 words)
Leading American cable television operators have announced their current and long-term commitment to the Open Cable Application Platform at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, pledging to roll out deployments over the next three years.
Time Warner Cable chairman and chief executive Glenn Britt, who is also chairman of CableLabs, said that his company will begin the deployment of OCAP capabilities in headends of cable systems serving five markets – including their largest operation in New York City - with a combined customer base of about 2.5 million consumers.
The cable companies noted that common standards have always been a benefit to the industry and the consumer, citing the example of the DOCSIS cable modem standard.
Howstuffworks "How Cable Television Works" (515 words)
The earliest cable systems were, in effect, strategically placed antennas with very long cables connecting them to subscribers' television sets.
According to Bill Wall, technical director for subscriber networks at Scientific-Atlanta, a leading maker of equipment for cable television systems, limitations in these amplifiers were a significant issue for cable system designers in the next three decades.
Cable got a reputation for not having the best quality picture and for not being reliable." In the late 1970s, cable television would find a solution to the amplifier problem.
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