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Encyclopedia > Cabinet collective responsibility

Cabinet collective responsibility is constitutional convention in the states that use the Westminster System. It means that members of the Cabinet must publicly support all governmental decisions made in Cabinet, even if they do not privately agree with them. A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state. ... The Westminster System - also called Parliamentary System is a democratic system of government modelled after that of the United Kingdom system, as used in the Palace of Westminster, the location of the British parliament. ... A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...


It is related to the fact that if a vote of no confidence is passed in parliament, the government is responsible collectively and thus the entire government resigns. The consequence will be that a new government will be formed, or parliament will dissolve and a general election will be called. Cabinet collective responsibility is not the same as individual ministerial responsibility, which states ministers are responsible and therefore culpable for the running of their departments. A Motion of No Confidence, also called Motion of Non Confidence is a parliamentary motion traditionally put before a parliament by the opposition in the hope of defeating or embarrassing a government. ... The British Houses of Parliament, London, UK A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system derived from that of the United Kingdom. ... A general election is an election in which all members of a given political body are up for election. ... In the Westminster System ministerial responsibility is the notion that a cabinet minister bears the ultimate responsibility for the actions of their ministry. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ...


On occasion, this principle has been suspended, most notably in the 1930s when in Britain the National Government allowed its Liberal members to oppose the introduction of protective tariffs and again in the 1970s, when Harold Wilson allowed Cabinet members to campaign both for and against the referendum on whether the UK should remain in the EEC. In 2003, Tony Blair allowed Clare Short to stay in the cabinet, despite her public opposition to the 2003 Iraq War. However, she later resigned. // Events and trends A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ... In the United Kingdom the term National Government is in an abstract sense used to refer to a coalition of chimps. ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party (the SDP) to form a new party which would become... Protectionism is the economic policy of protecting a nations manufacturing base from the effects of foreign competition (such as including Dumping) by means of high tariffs on imported goods, restrictive quotas, and other means of reducing importation. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Right Honourable James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was one of the longest serving Labour Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom referendum of 1975 was a postlegislative referendum held on 5 June 1975 in the whole of the UK over whether there was support for the UK to stay in the European Economic Community, which the UK had entered in 1973, under the Conservative government of Edward Heath. ... Possible meanings: Energy Efficiency Centre Energy Efficiency in Construction Engineering Education Centre Eurocontrol Experimental Centre European Economic Community, former name of the now-called European Community European Egg Consortium Extended Error Correction, see RAM parity This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...     The Right Honourable Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service. ... The Right Honourable Clare Short (born February 15, 1946) is a British Labour Party politician. ... For other uses of the term, see Iraq war (disambiguation) The 2003 invasion of Iraq (also called the 2nd or 3rd Persian Gulf War) began on March 20, 2003, when forces belonging primarily to the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq without the explicit backing of the United...


In Canada the cabinet are on rare occasion allowed to freely vote their conscience and to oppose the government without consequence, as occurred with the vote on capital punishment under Brian Mulroney. These events are rare and are never on matters of confidence. The most prominent Canadian cabinet minister to resign because he could not vote with the cabinet was John Napier Turner who refused to support wage and price controls. It should be noted that in Canada party discipline is much tighter than in other Westminster countries and it is very rare for any MP to vote counter to the party leadership. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Death sentence. ... The Right Honourable Martin Brian Mulroney, PC, CC, GOQ, LL.D (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993. ... Look up Confidence and confidence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Right Honourable John Napier Turner ,CC,PC (born June 7, 1929) was the seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada from June 30, 1984 to September 17, 1984. ... In economics, incomes policies are wage and price controls used to fight inflation. ... Party discipline is the ability of a political party to get its members to support the policies of the party leadership. ...


Collective responsibility may be circumvented by appointing Ministers Outside of Cabinet. This approach is used in New Zealand where, as of 2005, Winston Peters and Peter Dunne are Ministers Outside of Cabinet despite their parties not being considered part of a coalition. The arrangement is that collective responsibility will only apply with respect to their portfolio areas. As Peters has been appointed Foreign Minister, constitutionally speaking this is a quite unusual arrangement. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Right Honourable Winston Raymond Peters (born April 11, 1945) is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament, the current Minister of Foreign Affairs, outside cabinet. ... Peter Dunne Peter Dunne (born 17 March 1954 - ) leads New Zealands United Future political party. ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a cabinet minister who helps form the governmental foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cabinet collective responsibility - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (365 words)
Cabinet collective responsibility is constitutional convention in the states that use the Westminster System.
Cabinet collective responsibility is not the same as individual ministerial responsibility, which states ministers are responsible and therefore culpable for the running of their departments.
In Canada the cabinet are on rare occasion allowed to freely vote their conscience and to oppose the government without consequence, as occurred with the vote on capital punishment under Brian Mulroney.
Ministerial responsibility - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (487 words)
Ministerial responsibility or Individual ministerial responsibility is a constitutional convention in governments using the Westminster System that a cabinet minister bears the ultimate responsibility for the actions of their ministry.
Individual Ministerial responsibility is not the same as cabinet collective responsibility, which states members of the cabinet must approve publicly of its collective decisions or resign.
The reverse of ministerial responsibility is that civil servants are not supposed to take credit for the successes of their department, allowing the government to claim them.
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