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Encyclopedia > Cabaret (musical)
Cabaret
London Production
Music John Kander
Lyrics Fred Ebb
Book Joe Masteroff
Based upon John Van Druten's play
I Am a Camera
Productions 1966 Broadway
1968 West End
1986 West End revival
1987 Broadway revival
1998 Broadway revival
Awards Tony Award for Best Musical
Tony Award for Best Score
Tony Award for Best Revival
Drama Desk for Outstanding Revival

Cabaret is a musical with a book by Joe Masteroff, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and music by John Kander. The 1966 Broadway production became a hit and spawned an acclaimed 1972 film as well as numerous subsequent productions. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Harold Kander (born March 18, 1927 in Kansas City, Missouri) is the American composer of a series of musical theatre successes as part of the songwriting team of Kander and Ebb. ... Fred Ebb (April 8, 1933 - September 11, 2004) was a musical theatre lyricist. ... Joe Masteroff (born December 11, 1919) is a Tony Award-winning American playwright. ... John William Van Druten (1 June 1901–19 December 1957) was an English dramatist, best known for writing light comedies. ... I Am a Camera was a 1951 play by John Van Druten, inspired by Christopher Isherwoods The Berlin Stories, which in turn went on to inspire the Cabaret (musical)|musical]] and film Cabaret. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the composers and lyricists of the best original score written for a musical in that year. ... The Tony Award for Best Revival (Musical) has been awarded since 1994. ... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Joe Masteroff (born December 11, 1919) is a Tony Award-winning American playwright. ... Fred Ebb (April 8, 1933 - September 11, 2004) was a musical theatre lyricist. ... John Harold Kander (born March 18, 1927 in Kansas City, Missouri) is the American composer of a series of musical theatre successes as part of the songwriting team of Kander and Ebb. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ...


Originally entitled Welcome to Berlin, it is based on John Van Druten's play I Am a Camera, which in turn was adapted from the novel Mr. Norris Changes Trains and a collection of short stories, Goodbye to Berlin, by Christopher Isherwood. Set in 1929-1930 Berlin on the eve of the Nazis' rise to power, it focuses on English cabaret singer Sally Bowles and her relationship with young American writer Cliff Bradshaw. A sub-plot involves the doomed romance between German boarding house owner Fräulein Schneider and one of her tenants, Jewish fruit vendor Herr Schultz. Overseeing the action is the Emcee, who presides as master of ceremonies at the Kit Kat Klub and serves as a constant metaphor for the current state of society in Weimar Germany throughout the show. John William Van Druten (1 June 1901–19 December 1957) was an English dramatist, best known for writing light comedies. ... Cover of New Directions edition of The Berlin Stories Mr. ... Goodbye to Berlin is a short novel by Christopher Isherwood. ... Christopher Isherwood (left) and W.H. Auden (right), photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Christopher Isherwood (prior to 1946 Christopher William Bradshaw-Isherwood) (August 26, 1904 – January 4, 1986), Anglo-American novelist, was born in the ancestral seat of his family, Wybersley Hall, High Lane, in the north west of... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... This article is about the English as a nation. ... Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue — a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting around the tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...

Contents

Background and productions

The book and score originally had been written by Sandy Wilson, but when his producer's option on the novel and play expired and Hal Prince picked it up, he commissioned Masterhoff, Ebb, and Kander to work on the project. Their version at first was a play preceded by a prologue of songs describing the Berlin atmosphere from a wide variety of viewpoints, but it quickly took on the structure of a more traditional book musical, with the songs dispersed between and evolving from dialogue scenes. The show ultimately became two musicals in one, the first a revue centered in the decadence of the seedy Kit Kat Club, the second a story set in the real world in which the club existed. The juxtaposition of cabaret performances and scenes with songs used as exposition was a novel concept at the time. Sandy Wilson (born May 19, 1924) is a British composer and lyricist, best known for his musical, The Boyfriend (1954). ... Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a American theatrical producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical productions of the past half-century. ... The book musical is a form of musical theater that became the dominant production form during the mid-20th century period that is now considered the golden age of the Broadway musical. ... A revue is a type of theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance and sketches that satirize contemporary figures, news, or literature. ...


Original Broadway production

After 21 previews, the original Broadway production, directed by Prince and choreographed by Ron Field, opened on November 20, 1966 at the Broadhurst Theatre, eventually transferring first to the Imperial and then the Broadway before finally completing its 1,165-performance run. The opening night cast included Jill Haworth as Sally, Bert Convy as Cliff, Lotte Lenya as Fräulein Schneider, Jack Gilford as Herr Schultz, and Joel Grey as the Emcee, with Edward Winter and Peg Murray in supporting roles. Replacements later in the run included Anita Gillette as Sally, Ken Kercheval and Larry Kert as Cliff, and Martin Ross as the Emcee. Choreography (also known as dance composition) is the art of making structures in which movement occurs, the term composition may also refer to the navigation or connection of these movement structures. ... Ron Field (1934 - 1989) was an American choreographer, director, and dancer. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... The Broadhurst Theatre, 2006. ... The Imperial Theater can also refer to the Imperial Garden Theater in Tokyo, Japan The Imperial Theater was the Schubert brothers fiftieth theater in New York City. ... The Broadway Theatre is located in New York City, on 1681 Broadway (Broadway and 53rd Street). ... Bernard Whalen Bert Convy (July 23, 1933 – July 15, 1991) was an American game show host and panelist, actor and singer known for his tenure as the host for Tattletales, Super Password, and Win, Lose or Draw. ... Lotte Lenya (October 18, 1898 – November 27, 1981), singer and actor, born Karoline Wilhelmine Blamauer, in Vienna, Austria. ... Jack Gilford Jack Gilford (July 25, 1908 – June 2, 1990) was an American actor with a long and successful career on the Broadway stage, films and television. ... Joel Grey (born Joel Katz on April 11, 1932 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American stage and screen actor, who graduated from Beverly Hills High School in Beverly Hills, California in 1950. ... Anita Gillette (Born August 16, 1936), is a Tony nominated American actress. ... Ken Kercheval (born July 15, 1935 in Wolcottville, Indiana) is an American actor, best known for his role as Cliff Barnes on the nighttime soap opera Dallas. ... Larry Kert performing at Ed Sullivan show (1958) Larry Kert (December 5, 1930 - June 5, 1991) was an American actor, singer, and dancer. ... Martin Ross was the pen name of Violet Florence Martin (1862-06-11 – 1915-12-21), an Irish author who co-wrote a series of novels with cousin Edith Somerville in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...

Original Broadway Cast recording
Original Broadway Cast recording

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Original West End production

The first West End production opened on February 28, 1968 at the Palace Theatre with Judi Dench as Sally and Lila Kedrova as Fräulein Schneider. There have been three major London revivals: in 1986, at the Strand Theatre with Kelly Hunter as Sally, Peter Land as Cliff and Wayne Sleep as the Emcee directed and choreographed by Gillian Lynne; in 1993, a critically-acclaimed limited run at the Donmar Warehouse, with Alan Cumming as the Emcee directed by Sam Mendes; and in 2006 at the Lyric Theatre, opening with Anna Maxwell Martin as Sally, James Dreyfus as the Emcee, and Sheila Hancock as Fräulein Schneider (winning a Laurence Olivier Award for best supporting actress). Kim Medcalf has replaced Anna Maxwell Martin with Honor Blackman taking on the role of Fräulein Schneider and as of September 2007, this production is still running. West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Palace Theatre, London, is an imposing red-brick building that dominates the west side of Cambridge Circus, and is located near the intersection of Shaftesbury Avenue and Charing Cross Road. ... Dame Judith Olivia Dench, CH, DBE, FRSA, (born 9 December 1934), usually known as Dame Judi Dench, is an Academy Award, Golden Globe, Tony, three-time BAFTA, and six-time Laurence Olivier Award-winning English actress. ... Lila Kedrova (October 9, 1918 – February 16, 2000) was a Russian actress. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Novello Theatre is a theatre on Aldwych in the West End of London. ... Peter Land (July 9, 1953) is a New Zealand actor and singer born in Taihape who achieved notable stage success after moving to England in 1977. ... Wayne Sleep (born 1948) is an English dancer. ... Gillian Lynne as Claudine in the 1954 production of Can Can at the Coliseum Theatre, London. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Donmar Warehouse is a small theatre in the Covent Garden area of the West End of London. ... Alan Cumming (born 27 January 1965) is a Scottish actor best known for his film roles of Boris Grishenko in GoldenEye, Kurt Wagner/Nightcrawler in X2: X-Men United and on the stage with his Tony Award-winning performance as the Emcee in the highly successful revival of Cabaret. ... Sam Mendes Samuel Alexander Mendes, CBE (born August 1, 1965) is an English stage and film director born in Reading, Berkshire, England. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lyric Theatre in April 2007 The Lyric Theatre is a West End theatre on Shaftesbury Avenue in the City of Westminster. ... Anna Maxwell Martin is an English actress who has won acclaim for her performances as Lyra in His Dark Materials at the Royal National Theatre and as Esther Summerson in the BBC adaptation of Bleak House. ... James Dreyfus (born October 9, 1968) is an award-winning English actor. ... Sheila Hancock OBE (born 22 February 1933) is an English actress and comedian. ... The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... Kim Medcalf (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... September 2007 is the ninth month of that year. ...


1987 Broadway revival

After 18 previews, the first Broadway revival, again directed by Prince and choreographed by Field, opened on October 22, 1987 at the Imperial Theatre, eventually transferring to the Minskoff to complete its 261-performance run. Joel Grey received star billing as the Emcee, with Alyson Reed as Sally, Gregg Edelman as Cliff, Regina Resnik as Fräulein Schneider, and Werner Klemperer as Herr Schultz. is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The Imperial Theater can also refer to the Imperial Garden Theater in Tokyo, Japan The Imperial Theater was the Schubert brothers fiftieth theater in New York City. ... The Minskoff Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... Alyson Reed is an American dancer and actress. ... Gregg Edelman (born on 12 September 1958 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is an American movie, television and theatre actor who was trained at Northwestern University (Evanston, Illinois). ... Regina Resnik (born 30 August 1922 in New York City) is an opera singer and actress, who is known for her performances in Carmen, Don Carlo, Falstaff, Aida, Queen of Spades and Elektra amongst others. ... Klemperer as Colonel Klink on Hogans Heroes Werner Klemperer (March 22 1920Cologne – December 6, 2000) was an Emmy Award-winning comedic actor, best known for his role as Colonel Klink on the television sitcom, Hogans Heroes. ...


1998 Broadway revival

The second Broadway revival was a transfer of the Mendes-directed Donmar Warehouse production. Co-directed by Mendes and Rob Marshall and choreographed by Marshall, it opened after 37 previews on March 19, 1998 at the Kit Kat Klub, housed in what previously had been known as Henry Miller's Theatre. Later that year it transferred to Studio 54, where it remained for the rest of its 2377-performance run, becoming the third longest-running revival in Broadway musical history, third only to Oh! Calcutta! and Chicago. In addition to Alan Cumming as the Emcee, the cast included Natasha Richardson as Sally, John Benjamin Hickey as Cliff, Ron Rifkin as Herr Schultz, and Mary Louise Wilson as Fräulein Schneider. Rob Marshall is a director. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Henry Millers Theatre was a Broadway theatre at 124 W 43rd Street, between Broadway and 6th Avenue New York, NY. It was designed by architects Paul R. Allen, and Ingalls & Hoffman. ... The original Studio 54 logo. ... Oh! Calcutta! was a long-running theatrical revue, debuting off-Broadway in 1969, created by British critic Kenneth Tynan. ... Chicago is a Kander and Ebb musical set in prohibition era Chicago. ... Alan Cumming (born 27 January 1965) is a Scottish actor best known for his film roles of Boris Grishenko in GoldenEye, Kurt Wagner/Nightcrawler in X2: X-Men United and on the stage with his Tony Award-winning performance as the Emcee in the highly successful revival of Cabaret. ... Natasha Jane Richardson (born May 11, 1963 in London), is a Tony Award-winning English actress and member of the Redgrave family, an enduring theatrical dynasty. ... John Benjamin Hickey is an American (born June 23, 1963 in Plano, Texas) actor with a career in stage, film and television. ... Ron Rifkin, born October 31, 1939, in New York City, New York, USA, is a film, stage, and television actor and director. ... Mary Louise Wilson— (b. ...


This production featured a number of notable replacements later in the run: Jennifer Jason Leigh, Joely Fisher, Gina Gershon, Deborah Gibson, Teri Hatcher, Melina Kanakaredes, Jane Leeves, Molly Ringwald, Brooke Shields, and Lea Thompson as Sally; Michael C. Hall, Raúl Esparza, Neil Patrick Harris, Adam Pascal, Jon Secada, and John Stamos as the Emcee; Boyd Gaines as Cliff; Tom Bosley, Dick Latessa, Hal Linden, Laurence Luckinbill, and Tony Roberts as Herr Schultz; and Blair Brown, Polly Bergen, Mariette Hartley, and Carole Shelley as Fräulein Schneider. Jennifer Jason Leigh (born February 5, 1962) is an American actress who has appeared in numerous films. ... Joely Fisher (born October 29, 1967) is an American actress best known for her work on television, but also on stage and in films. ... Gina L. Gershon (born June 10, 1962) is an American film and television actress, known for her roles in the films Showgirls (1995) and Bound (1996). ... Deborah Ann Debbie Gibson (born August 31, 1970), is an American singer-songwriter who was a teen pop icon. ... Teri Lynn Hatcher (born December 8, 1964) is an Emmy-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actress and author as well. ... Melina Kanakaredes on Guiding Light, 1992 Melina Eleni Kanakaredes (born April 23, 1967) is an American actress. ... Jane Leeves Jane Leeves (born April 18, 1961) is an actress best known for her work as Daphne Moon on Frasier. ... Molly Kathleen Ringwald (born February 18, 1968) is an American actress, singer, and dancer. ... Brooke Christa Camille Shields[1] (born May 31, 1965) is an American actress and supermodel. ... Lea Thompson in Back to the Future. ... Michael C. Hall (born February 1, 1971) is a Golden Globe and Emmy Award-nominated American actor, best known for his role of David Fisher in the HBO series Six Feet Under and as the title character of the Showtime series Dexter. ... Raul Esparza in 2005 Raúl Esparza (born October 24, 1970) is an American stage actor. ... Neil Patrick Harris (born June 15, 1973) is an Emmy-nominated American actor. ... Adam Pascal Adam Pascal (born October 25, 1970) is an American actor, best known for being the first to play the role of Roger Davis in the Jonathan Larson musical Rent on Broadway. ... Jon Secada (born Juan Secada, 4 October 1961, Havana, Cuba) is a Cuban-American singer and songwriter. ... John Phillip Stamos (born August 19, 1963) is an Emmy-nominated American actor. ... Boyd Gaines is an American actor born on May 11, 1953. ... Thomas Edward Bosley (born October 1, 1927) is an American actor. ... Dick Latessa (born 1930) is an American actor. ... Hal Linden (born Harold Lipshitz March 20, 1931) is an American actor and television director, best known for his portrayal of the title character in the television series Barney Miller (1975-1982). ... Laurence George Luckinbill (born November 24, 1934 in Fort Smith, Arkansas) is an American television and film actor. ... Tony Roberts (born October 22, 1939 in New York) is an film actor who is best know for his work in the films of Woody Allen. ... Blair Brown (born 23 April 1946 in Washington, District of Columbia) is an acclaimed stage actress who has also reached a broader audience with her television and film work, particularly, in the 1980s. ... Polly Bergen (born Nellie Paulina Burgin on July 14, 1930, in Knoxville, Tennessee) is an American actress, singer, and entrepreneur. ... Marietta Hartley Marietta Hartley (born June 21, 1940 in Weston, Connecticut) is an American actress, best known for her work in television. ... Carole Shelley (born August 16, 1939) is a Tony Award-winning actress from London, England. ...


Mendes' conception differed greatly from the original. Possibly the most significant change was in the character of the Emcee, played by Grey as a stiff, marionette-like, tuxedoed character with rouged cheeks, but in Cumming's portrayal highly sexualized, wearing suspenders around his crotch and red paint on his nipples. The cabaret number "Two Ladies" was staged with the Emcee, a cabaret girl, and a cabaret boy in drag and included a shadow play simulating various sexual positions. The score was entirely re-orchestrated, utilizing synthesizer effects and expanding the stage band, with all the instruments now being played by the cabaret girls and boys. "Sitting Pretty" was eliminated entirely and replaced with "Money"; "I Don't Care Much," which was cut from the original production, was reinstated; and "Mein Herr" and "Maybe This Time," written for the film adaptation, were added to the score. Staging details differed as well; instead of "Tomorrow Belongs To Me" being performed by a male choir, the Emcee plays a recording of a boy soprano singing it. Most dramatic of all was the final scene, in which the Emcee removes his outer clothes to reveal a striped suit of the type worn by the internees in concentration camps on which were pinned a yellow Star of David (identifying a Jewish prisoner) and a pink triangle (denoting a homosexual). A marionette is a type of puppet with strings controlled by a puppeteer from above. ... Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and U.S. President Ronald Reagan wearing black tie with wives in Quebec, Canada, March 18, 1985. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in an complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... This article is about anatomical structure. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shadow play A shadow play is an ancient form of story-telling and entertainment using opaque, often articulated figures in front of an illuminated backdrop to create the illusion of moving images. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... This article is about the singing voice part. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about a Jewish symbol. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...


Several subsequent productions of the play have followed the Mendes version fairly closely, including a 2006 production staged in French at the Folies Bergère in Paris. The Folies Bergère is a Parisian music hall which was at the height of its fame and popularity from the 1890s through the 1920s. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Synopsis

Act One

The action opens in the Kit Kat Klub, a decadent, seedy cabaret at the dawn of the 1930s in Berlin. A neon sign reading "Cabaret" lights up. The Klub's Master of Ceremonies, or Emcee, together with the cabaret girls and waiters, welcomes the audience to the club ("Willkommen"). The action then cuts to a train station downtown, where Clifford Bradshaw, a young American writer coming to Berlin in the hopes of finding inspiration for his new novel, is arriving on the evening train. On the train, he meets Ernst Ludwig, a German who offers Cliff work if he ever needs it. He also recommends a boardinghouse for Cliff to live in. Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue — a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting around the tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... A Master of Ceremonies or MC (sometimes spelled emcee), sometimes called a compere or an MJ for microphone jockey, is the host of an official public or private staged event or other performance. ...


Cliff arrives at the boardinghouse, run by Fräulein Schneider. She charges Cliff one hundred marks for the room; he can only pay fifty. After a brief argument, she relents and lets Cliff live there for fifty marks. Fräulein Schneider then says that she has learned to take whatever life offers ("So What?"). Afterward, Cliff remembers that Ernst mentioned a cabaret—the Kit Kat Klub— and decides to visit it.


At the Klub, the Emcee introduces a British singer, Sally Bowles, who then performs for the cabaret's audience ("Don't Tell Mama"). Afterward, she calls Cliff on the phone and talks to him. She asks him to recite poetry for her; he recites Casey at the Bat. Cliff offers to take Sally home, but she says that her boyfriend Max (the club's owner) is too jealous. The cabaret ensemble then performs a song and dance, calling each other on inter-table phones and inviting each other for dances and drinks ("The Telephone Song"). Casey at the Bat, subtitled A Ballad of the Republic Sung in the Year 1888, is a poem on the subject of baseball, written in 1888 by Ernest Thayer. ...


The next day, the scene is at Cliff's apartment. Cliff is working on his book when Sally arrives; she tells him that Max has thrown her out and she has no place to live, asking him if she can live in his room. At first he resists, saying she would be "much too distracting," but she convinces him (and Fräulein Schneider) to take her in ("Perfectly Marvelous"). Directly after this scene, the Emcee and two female companions sing a song ("Two Ladies") that comments on Cliff and Sally's unusual living conditions.


The action moves to Fräulein Schneider's apartment. Herr Schultz, an elderly Jewish fruit-shop owner who lives in the boardinghouse, has given Fräulein Schneider a pineapple as a gift ("It Couldn't Please Me More"). This scene is the beginning of Fräulein Schneider and Herr Schultz's romance.


The next scene takes place in a beer garden. A youth begins singing a hymn to the Fatherland ("Tomorrow Belongs to Me") a cappella, with others joining him, including the Emcee (at the last line). A typical beer garden in Munich A beer garden is an open-air area where alcohol is legally served. ...


Months later, Cliff and Sally have fallen in love. Cliff knows that he is in a "dream," ignoring the reality of life on the outside, but he enjoys living with Sally too much to come to his senses ("Why Should I Wake Up?"). Sally reveals that she is pregnant, but she does not know with whose child. She reluctantly decides to get an abortion, though she dreads going back to "that greedy doctor." Cliff reminds her that it could be his child, and convinces her to have the baby. Ernst then enters and offers Cliff a job--delivering a suitcase to his "client"--which Cliff accepts; he thinks it is easy money. The Emcee and the cabaret girls comment on this with a song praising money ("Sitting Pretty", or in later versions "Money") and a dance routine based on the currencies of different countries.


Meanwhile, Fräulein Schneider has caught one of her boarders, Fräulein Kost, bringing sailors into her room. Fräulein Schneider forbids her from doing it again, but Fräulein Kost threatens to leave. She also mentions that she has seen Fräulein Schneider with Herr Schultz in her room. Herr Schultz saves Frau Schneider's reputation by telling Frau Kost that he and Frau Schneider are to be married in three weeks. After Kost leaves, Frau Schneider thanks Herr Schultz for lying to Kost. Herr Schultz, however, says that he was serious, and proposes to Frau Schneider ("Married").


The next scene is Fräulein Schneider and Herr Schultz's engagement party, at Herr Schultz's fruit shop. After Cliff arrives and delivers the suitcase to Ernst, Herr Schultz sings "Meeskite" (Meeskite, he explains, is Yiddish for ugly or funny-looking) a song with a moral ("Though you're not a beauty it is nevertheless quite true,/there may be beautiful things in you..."). Afterward, looking for revenge on Fräulein Schneider, Fräulein Kost tells Ernst, who now sports a Nazi armband, that Herr Schultz is a Jew. Ernst warns Fräulein Schneider that marrying a Jew may not be wise. The act ends with a reprisal of "Tomorrow Belongs to Me," led by Fräulein Kost and sung by the whole cast save Cliff, Sally, Fräulein Schneider and Herr Schultz. Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... National Socialism redirects here. ...


Act Two

After the cabaret's band plays the "Entr'acte," the cabaret girls, along with the Emcee in drag, perform a kick line routine which eventually becomes a goose-step. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Rockettes with US Navy sailors A Rockette in Radio City Music Hall The Rockettes are a well-known precision dance company, stationed out of the Radio City Music Hall in Manhattan, New York City. ... Wehrmacht troops Goose-Step through Warsaw The Stechschritt, commonly known in English speaking countries as the Goose-Step, is a special form of the equal step, which is usually demonstrated in solemn military parades and passes in review of closed units. ...


Fräulein Schneider expresses her concerns about her union to Herr Schultz, who assures her that everything will be all right. They then reprise "Married", but the song is interrupted by the crash of a brick being thrown through the window of Herr Schultz's fruit shop. Fräulein Schneider is afraid that the gesture might represent malicious intent, but Schultz assures her that it is just children making trouble.


Fräulein Schneider then goes to Cliff and Sally's room and returns their engagement present, explaining that her marriage has been called off. When Cliff protests, saying that she can't give her fiancé up, she asks him what other choice she has ("What Would You Do?").


Back at the Kit Kat Klub, the Emcee performs a song-and-dance routine with a girl in a gorilla suit ("If You Could See Her") and sings of how their love has been met with universal disapproval. Encouraging the audience to be more open-minded, he defends his ape-woman with the last line "if you could see her through my eyes.....she wouldn't look Jewish." Type species Troglodytes gorilla Savage, 1847 distribution of Gorilla Species Gorilla gorilla Gorilla beringei The gorilla, the largest of the living primates, is a ground-dwelling omnivore that inhabits the forests of Africa. ...


Meanwhile, Cliff informs Sally that he is taking her back to his home in America so that they can raise their baby together. When Sally protests, declaring how wonderful their life in Berlin is, Cliff angrily tells her to "wake up" and take notice of the growing unrest around them, to which Sally retorts that politics have nothing to do with them or their affairs. Following their heated argument, Sally returns to the club to perform again, this time singing the song "Cabaret", which, though often performed as a show-stopping number, is imbued in its original context with a heavy irony and desperation bordering on hysteria. As Sally finishes the song, she breaks down and hurls her microphone to the ground.


When Sally goes back to her and Cliff's room, Cliff asks where her fur coat is. She answers, evasively, that she left it at the doctor's. He asks her if she's sick, but she says she is not— and then mentions how much she hates "that greedy doctor": She has had an abortion. Cliff slaps her. Sally, devastated, says that she had hoped their relationship wouldn't end like this, because it is the first time she has really cared about anyone. Cliff says that he is leaving for Paris in the morning, still hoping that she will join him. But Sally says that she's "always hated Paris." Cliff leaves, heartbroken.


The next scene switches to Cliff on the train to Paris. He begins to write his novel, reflecting on his experiences: "There was a city called Berlin, in a country called Germany. There was a cabaret, and there was a master of ceremonies. It was the end of the world, and I was dancing with Sally Bowles— and we were both fast asleep." He then begins to sing "Willkommen". The Emcee joins him and then overtakes him, as the scene shifts from the train car to the Kit Kat Klub. The Emcee continues the song, but the scene is now lit more darkly and it is revealed that the Emcee is dressed in Nazi regalia. The cabaret ensemble reprises the tune as before, but it is now harsh and violent instead of extroverted and sleazy. "Willkommen" is interrupted three times by other songs from the show— first a ghostly "Meeskite", as Herr Schultz's reasurring comments from before echo and fade, then "So What", in which Fräulein Schneider rationalizes her breakup with Herr Schultz ("After all, what am I? A German."), and finally "Cabaret," as Sally appears beside the Emcee. However, her song soon fades away as well. The Emcee slowly sings, "Auf Wiedersehen, à bientôt," then the final, spoken "Good night." The lights go out, while the "Cabaret" sign lights up.


Original song list

Act I
  • Willkommen
  • So What?
  • Don't Tell Mama
  • Telephone Song
  • Perfectly Marvelous
  • Two Ladies
  • It Couldn't Please Me More
  • Tomorrow Belongs to Me
  • Why Should I Wake Up?
  • The Money Song
  • Married
  • Meeskite
  • Tomorrow Belongs to Me (Reprise)
Act II
  • If You Could See Her
  • Married (Reprise)
  • If You Could See Her (Reprise)
  • What Would You Do?
  • Cabaret
  • Finale

Of the prologue of songs originally planned, only "Willkommen" remained. One of the dropped numbers, "I Don't Care Much," was eventually restored to the 1998 production. "Roommates" was replaced by "Perfectly Marvelous", but largely serves the same purpose, for Sally to convince Cliff to let her move in with him. "Good Time Charlie" was to be sung by Sally to Cliff while they are on their way to Fräulein Schneider and Herr Schultz's engagement party, with Sally mocking the overly dour and pessimistic Cliff with the lines "You're such a Good Time Charlie/What'll we do with you?/You're such a Good Time Charlie/frolicking all the time..."). "It'll All Blow Over" was planned for the end of the first act: Fräulein Schneider is concerned that marrying a Jew might not be wise, and Cliff is concerned about the city's growing Nazism. In the song, Sally tells them both that they have nothing to worry about and that all will turn out well in the end. She eventually convinces Cliff and Fräulein Schneider to sing the song with her. (Both this song and "Roommates" are occasionally underscored by the ostinato rhthym of the piece.) These three deleted songs were recorded by Kander and Ebb, and the sheet music for the songs was included in The Complete Cabaret Collection, a book of vocal selections from the musical. The song of Cabaret Willkommen is close in beginning melody and underlying theme to Kogda Bi Zhizn Domashnim Krugom of Eugene Onegin by Tchaikovsky. Pessimists see the world as uninviting and cruel. ...


Recordings

1999 studio cast recording
1999 studio cast recording

The first recording of Cabaret was the original cast album, with many of the songs (especially "Sitting Pretty"/"The Money Song") heavily edited and several cut to save disk space. When this album was released on compact disc, Kander and Ebb's voice-and-piano recording of songs cut from the musical was added as bonus material. The 1972 movie soundtrack with Liza Minnelli is perhaps the best-known of the recordings. Both the 1986 and 1998 London revival casts were recorded. A 1999 two-CD studio recording contains more or less the entire score, including songs written for the movie or for later productions and many incidentals and instrumentals not usually recorded. This recording features Jonathan Pryce as the Emcee, Maria Friedman as Sally, Gregg Edelman as Cliff, Judi Dench as Fräulein Schneider, and Fred Ebb as Herr Schultz. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A cast recording or original cast recording is a recording of a musical that is intended to document the songs as they were performed in the show and experienced by the audience. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ... Jonathan Pryce (born June 1, 1947) is a Welsh film, television, and stage actor who has starred in such Hollywood films include Brazil, Pirates of the Caribbean, Tomorrow Never Dies and The New World. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


In addition to these recordings, cast albums for the Greek, Israeli, Italian, Austrian, Dutch, and two German productions have been released [1].


Broadway awards and nominations

1966 production

  • Tony Award for Best Musical (winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Composer and Lyricist (winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical (Jack Gilford, nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical (Lotte Lenya, nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Joel Grey, winner; Edward Winter, nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical (Peg Murray, winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Scenic Design (Boris Aronson, winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Costume Design (Patricia Zipprodt, winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Choreography (Ron Field, winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical (Hal Prince, winner)

1987 revival What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ...

  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Werner Klemperer, nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical (Alyson Reed and Regina Resnik, nominees)
  • Tony Award for Best Revival (nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actor in a Musical (Joel Grey, nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical (Hal Prince, nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival (nominee)

1998 revival Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ...

  • Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical (winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical (Alan Cumming, winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical (Natasha Richardson, winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Ron Rifkin, winner)
  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical (Mary Louise Wilson, nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Costume Design (nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Lighting Design (nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Choreography (nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical (nominee)
  • Tony Award for Best Orchestrations (nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival of a Musical (winner)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actor in a Musical (Alan Cumming, winner)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical (Natasha Richardson, winner)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical (Michele Pawk, nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography (nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Direction of a Musical (nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Orchestrations (nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Set Design of a Musical (nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Costume Design (nominee)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lighting Design (nominee)
  • Theatre World Award (Alan Cumming, winner)

The Theatre World Award is an American honor given annually to an actor or an actress in recognition of an outstanding breakout performance in their New York City stage debut. ...

References

Open a New Window: The Broadway Musical in the 1960s by Ethan Mordden, published by Palgrave (2001), pages 152-161 (ISBN 0-312-23952-1) Ethan Mordden is an American author. ...


External links

  • Internet Broadway Database listing
  • 1998 revival website
Awards
Preceded by
Man of La Mancha
Tony Award for Best Musical
1967
Succeeded by
Hallelujah, Baby!
Preceded by
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh and Joe Darion
Tony Award for Best Composer and Lyricist
1967
by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Succeeded by
Hallelujah, Baby!
by Jule Styne and Betty Comden and Adolph Green
Preceded by
Chicago
Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical
1998
Succeeded by
Annie Get Your Gun

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