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Encyclopedia > CSS Alabama

A painting of CSS Alabama
Career Confederate Navy Jack
Laid down: 1862
Launched: July 29, 1862
Commissioned: August 24, 1862
Decommissioned: June 19, 1864
Status: Sunk in battle with USS Kearsarge
General characteristics
Displacement: 1050 tons
Length: 220 ft (67 m)
Beam: 31 ft 8 in (9.7 m)
Draft: 17 ft 8 in (5.4 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h)
Complement: 145 officers and men
Armament: 6 x 32 lb (15 kg) cannons, 1 x 110 lb (50 kg) cannon, 1 x 68 lb (31 kg) cannon
For other ships named Alabama, see USS Alabama.

CSS Alabama was a screw sloop-of-war built for the Confederate States Navy at Birkenhead, England in 1862 by John Laird Sons and Company of Birkenhead.[1] Alabama served as a commerce raider, attacking Union merchant and naval ships over the course of her two-year career, during which she never laid anchor in a Southern port. Painting of CSS Alabama From the US Navys Naval Historical Center. ... Image File history File links Conf_Navy_Jack_(light_blue). ... Painting depicting the sinking of the CSS Alabama by the USS Kearsarge during the Civil War USS Kearsarge, a Mohican-class sloop-of-war, was the only ship of the United States Navy named for Mount Kearsarge in New Hampshire (subsequent ships were named Kearsarge in honor of this one... The beam of a ship is its width at the widest point, or a point alongside the ship at the mid-point of its length. ... The draft of a ships hull is the vertical distance from the bottom of the hull to the waterline. ... There have been at least six United States Navy or United States Revenue Cutter Service ships named Alabama, after the southern state of Alabama. ... USS Constellation, a United States Navy sloop-of-war. ... Navy Department Seal The Confederate States Navy (CSN) was the naval branch of the Confederate States armed forces established by an act of the Confederate Congress on February 21, 1861 responsible for Confederate naval operations during the American Civil War. ... Map sources for Birkenhead at grid reference SJ3088 Birkenhead is a town on The Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, on the left bank of the River Mersey, opposite Liverpool. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Cammell Laird, one of the most famous names in British ship-building during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, came about following the merger of Laird, Son & Co. ... Map sources for Birkenhead at grid reference SJ3088 Birkenhead is a town on The Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, on the left bank of the River Mersey, opposite Liverpool. ... Commerce raiding or guerre de course is a naval strategy of attacking an opponents commercial shipping rather than contending for control of the seas with its naval forces. ... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union...

Contents

History

Alabama was built by British shipbuilders in 1862. Launched as Enrica, she was fitted out as a cruiser and commissioned 24 August 1862 as CSS Alabama. Under Captain Raphael Semmes, Alabama spent the next two months capturing and burning ships in the North Atlantic and intercepting grain ships bound for Europe. Continuing her path of destruction through the West Indies, Alabama sank USS Hatteras along the Texas coast and captured her crew. After a visit to Cape Town, South Africa, Alabama sailed for the East Indies where the ship spent six months cruising, destroying seven more ships before redoubling the Cape en route to Europe. USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... The ceremonies involved in commissioning ships into a military force are based in traditions thousands of years old. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Raphael Semmes (September 27, 1809 – August 30, 1877) was an officer in the United States Navy from 1826 to 1860 and the Confederate States Navy from 1860 to 1865. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... The first USS Hatteras was a United States Navy gunboat during the American Civil War. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and...


On 11 June 1864, Alabama arrived in Cherbourg, France and Captain Semmes requested permission to dock and overhaul his ship. Pursuing the raider, the American sloop-of-war USS Kearsarge arrived three days later and took up a patrol just outside the harbor. On 19 June, Alabama sailed out to meet Kearsarge. As Kearsarge turned to meet her opponent, Alabama opened fire. Kearsarge waited patiently until the range had closed to less than 1,000 yards (900 m). According to survivors, the two ships steamed on opposite courses moving around in circles as each commander tried to cross the bow of his opponent to deliver a heavy raking fire. The battle quickly turned against Alabama because of the poor quality of her powder and shells, while Kearsarge benefited from the additional protection of chain cables along her sides. A little more than an hour after the first shot was fired, Alabama was reduced to a sinking wreck, causing Semmes to strike his colors and send a boat to surrender. According to witnesses, Alabama fired 150 rounds at her adversary, while Kearsarge fired 100. 5 of which were fired after the Alabama's colors were struck. When a shell fired by Kearsarge tore open a section at Alabamas waterline, the water quickly rushed through the cruiser, forcing her to the bottom. 41 of the Alabama's officers and crew, including Semmes, had to be rescued by the Deerhound, a private yacht, while the Kearsarge stood off and waited for her to sink. June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Cherbourg is a city of Normandy, in northwestern France, in the Manche département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... Painting depicting the sinking of the CSS Alabama by the USS Kearsarge during the Civil War USS Kearsarge, a Mohican-class sloop-of-war, was the only ship of the United States Navy named for Mount Kearsarge in New Hampshire (subsequent ships were named Kearsarge in honor of this one... Striking the colors was and is the universally recognized indication of surrender. ...


Perhaps the most courageous and selfless act during the Alabama's last moments involved the ship's assistant surgeon, Dr. David Herbert Llewellyn [1]. Dr. Llewellyn, an Englishman, was much loved and respected by the entire crew. During the battle, he steadfastly remained at his post in the wardroom tending the wounded until the order to abandon ship was finally given. As he helped wounded men into the Alabama's only two functional lifeboats, an able bodied sailor attempted to enter one, which was already full. Llewellyn, understanding that the man risked capsizing the craft, grabbed and pulled him back, saying "See, I want to save my life as much as you do; but let the wounded men be saved first." An officer in the boat, seeing that Llewellyn was about to be left aboard the stricken Alabama, shouted "Doctor, we can make room for you." Llewellyn shook his head and replied, "I will not peril the wounded." Tragically, and unknown to anyone, Llewellyn had never learned to swim, and he drowned when the ship went down.


His sacrifice did not go unrecognized. The Confederacy awarded him posthumously the Confederate Medal of Honor [2]. In his native Wiltshire, a memorial window and tablet were placed at Easton Royal Church. Another tablet was placed in Charing Cross Hospital, where he attended medical school. The Southern Cross of Honor was a military decoration meant to honor the officers, noncommissioned officers, and privates for their valor in the armed forces of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ...


Repercussions

During her two-year career as a commerce raider, Alabama had caused disorder and devastation across the globe for United States merchant shipping. The Confederate cruiser claimed more than 60 prizes valued at nearly $6,000,000. In an important development in international law, the U.S. Government pursued the "Alabama Claims" against the British Government for such devastation, and following a court of arbitration, won heavy damages. eat me bannana Commerce raiding or guerre de course is a naval strategy of attacking an opponents commercial shipping rather than contending for control of the seas with its naval forces. ... During the American Civil War, Confederate States of America raiders (the most famous being the CSS Alabama) were built in Britain and did significant damage to Union naval forces. ...


The Wreck

"The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama" by Édouard Manet.
"The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama" by Édouard Manet.

In November 1984, the French Navy mine hunter Circé discovered a wreck under nearly 60 m (200 ft) of water off Cherbourg.[3] The location of the wreck (WGS84) was 49°45'147N / 001°41'708W. Captain Max Guerout later confirmed the wreck to be the Alabama's remains. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Articles with similar titles include Claude Monet, another painter of the same era. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... Cherbourg is a city of Normandy, in northwestern France, in the Manche département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... WGS 84 is the 1984 revision of the World Geodetic System. ...


In 1988, a non-profit organization, the Association CSS Alabama, was founded to conduct scientific exploration of the shipwreck. Although the wreck resides within French territorial waters, the U.S. government, as the successor to the former Confederate States of America, is the owner. On October 3, 1989, the United States and France signed an agreement recognizing this wreck as an important heritage resource of both nations and establishing a Joint French-American Scientific Committee for archaeological exploration. This agreement established a precedent for international cooperation in archaeological research and in the protection of a unique historic shipwreck. This agreement will be in effect for five years and is renewable by mutual consent. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Sealand and the United Kingdom, with territorial water claims of 3nm and 12nm shown. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (traditional) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Government Republic President... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Association CSS Alabama and the U.S. Navy/Naval Historical Center signed on March 23, 1995 an official agreement accrediting Association CSS Alabama as operator of the archaeological investigation of the remains of the ship. Association CSS Alabama, which is funded solely from private donations, is continuing to make this an international project through its fund raising in France and in the United States, thanks to its sister organization, the CSS Alabama Association, incorporated in the State of Delaware. The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... The Naval Historical Center (NHC) is the official history program of the United States Navy. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ...


In 2002, a diving expedition raised the ship's bell along with more than 300 other artifacts, including cannons, structural samples, tableware, ornate commodes, and numerous other items that reveal much about life aboard the Confederate warship. bitch magner For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


"Roll Alabama, roll!"

The Alabama is the subject of a well known sea shanty, '"Roll Alabama, roll'": Sea shanties (singular shanty, also spelled chantey; derived from the French word chanter, to sing) were shipboard working songs. ...

When the Alabama's Keel was Laid, (Roll Alabama, roll!), 'Twas laid in the yard of Jonathan Laird (Roll, roll Alabama, roll!)
'Twas Laid in the yard of Jonathan Laird, 'twas laid in the town of Birkenhead.
Down the Mersey way she rolled then, and Liverpool fitted her with guns and men.
From the western isle she sailed forth, to destroy the commerce of the north.
To Cherbourg port she sailed one day, for to take her count of prize money.
In Cherbourg harbor she lay without a care, until the Kearsarge showed her sails there.
Many a sailor laddie saw his doom, when the Kearsarge it hove in view.
When a ball from the forward pivot that day, shot the Alabama's stern away.
Off the three-mile limit in '64, the Alabama was seen no more.

1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...

"Daar Kom die Alibama"

CSS Alabama plaque in Simonstown.
CSS Alabama plaque in Simonstown.

The Alabama's visit to Cape Town in 1863 has passed (with a slight spelling change) into South African folklore in the Afrikaans song, '"Daar Kom die Alibama'": Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 529 pixels Full resolution (896 × 592 pixel, file size: 257 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): CSS Alabama Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 529 pixels Full resolution (896 × 592 pixel, file size: 257 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): CSS Alabama Metadata This file... Simonstown is a naval base in South Africa near Cape Town. ...

Daar kom die Alibama,
Die Alibama die kom oor die see,
Daar kom die Alibama,
Die Alibama die kom oor die see...
There comes the Alabama,
The Alabama that comes oer the sea,
There comes the Alabama,
The Alabama that comes oer the sea...

See "South African Campfire Songs": [4]


See also

This is a list of ships of the Confederate States Navy including a section for civilian blockade runners. ... James Bulloch was a Confederate Naval Officer and Agent in England, while his brother Irvine Bulloch was the youngest officer on the CSS Alabama during the American Civil War. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Irvine Bulloch served on the CSS Alabama during the American Civil War and was the uncle of Theodore Roosevelt Irvine Stephens Bulloch (25 June 1842 — 7 January 1898) was born in Savannah, Georgia. ...

References

  1. ^ The Alabama. Retrieved on 2007-02-26.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Naval Historical Center (NHC) is the official history program of the United States Navy. ...

External links


Cruisers of the Confederate States Navy
Alabama | Archer | Chickamauga | Clarence | Florida | Georgia | Nashville | Rappahannock | Shenandoah | Sumter | Tacony | Tallahassee

List of ships of the Confederate States Navy

Coordinates: 49°45′09″N, 1°41′42″W The USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga class cruiser. ... Navy Department Seal The Confederate States Navy (CSN) was the naval branch of the Confederate States armed forces established by an act of the Confederate Congress on February 21, 1861 responsible for Confederate naval operations during the American Civil War. ... CSS Archer was originally a fishing schooner captured by the Confederate cruiser CSS Tacony during the American Civil War and converted into a Confederate cruiser for commerce raiding. ... CSS Chickamauga, originally the blockade runner Edith, was purchased by the Confederate States Navy at Wilmington, North Carolina in 1864. ... CSS Clarence, also known as Coquette, was originally a brig from Baltimore captured by the Confederate cruiser CSS Florida during the American Civil War and converted into a Confederate cruiser for commerce raiding. ... For other ships named Florida, see CSS Florida CSS Florida was a cruiser in the Confederate States Navy. ... For other ships named Georgia, see USS Georgia CSS Georgia was built in 1862 as the fast merchantman Japan. ... Two ships in the Confederate Navy were named CSS Nashville in honor of the capital of Tennessee. ... CSS Rappahannock, a steam sloop-of-war, was built in the Thames River in 1857 for the British Government and named Victor. ... The CSS Shenandoah, formerly Sea King, was an iron-framed, teak-planked, full-rigged vessel with auxiliary steam power, under Captain James Waddell, CSN, a North Carolinian with twenty years service in the Federal navy. ... CSS Sumter, a 473-ton bark-rigged screw steam cruiser, was built as the merchant steamship Habana at Philadelphia in 1859 for McConnells New Orleans & Havana Line. ... CSS Tacony was originally a bark captured by the Confederate cruiser CSS Clarence during the American Civil War and converted into a Confederate cruiser for commerce raiding. ... // The iron Confederate cruiser Tallahassee was named after the Confederate state capital of Tallahasee in Florida and was built on the Thames River, London, England by J. & W. Dudgeon of Millwall for London, Chatham & Dover Rly. ... This is a list of ships of the Confederate States Navy including a section for civilian blockade runners. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
css alabama - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com (861 words)
CSS ''Alabama'' was a screw sloop-of-war built for the Confederate States Navy in 1862 by John Laird Sons and Company, Liverpool, England.
The Association CSS Alabama and the U.S. Navy/Naval Historical Center signed on March 23, 1995 an official agreement accrediting Association CSS Alabama as operator of the archaeological investigation of the remains of the ship.
Association CSS Alabama, which is funded solely from private donations, is continuing to make this an international project through its fund raising in France and in the United States, thanks to its sister organization, the CSS Alabama Association, incorporated in the State of Delaware.
The C.S.S Alabama and U.S.S. Kearsarge Duel (3513 words)
The Alabama approached from the western entrance, escorted by the French iron-clad frigate Couronne, flying the pennant of the commandant of the port, followed in her wake by a small fore-and-aft-rigged steamer, the Deerhound, flying the flag of the Royal Mersey Yacht Club.
One penetrated the coal-bunker of the Alabama, and a dense cloud of coal-dust arose.
She was severely hulled between the main and mizzen masts, and settled by the stern; the mainmast, pierced by a shot at the very last, broke off near the head and went over the side, the bow lifted high from the water, and then came the end.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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