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Encyclopedia > CMAS
CMAS logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 07:48, 1 Apr 2005 . . Petterfs (3278 bytes) (CMAS logo) File... CMAS logo

The Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS) is the World Underwater Federation. CMAS is the international umbrella organisation This page lists SCUBA diver training organizations. Recreational diving training organizations ACUC - American and Canadian Underwater Certifications (http://www.acuc.ca/ ) BSAC - British Sub Aqua Club (http://www.bsac.com/ ) CEDIP - European Committee of Professional Diving Instructors (http://www.cedip.org/) CMAS - Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques... diver training organizations. It was founded in The Principality of Monaco or Monaco ( French: Principauté de Monaco or Monaco; Monegasque: Munegu or Principatu de Munegu) is a city state and the second-smallest country in the world, wedged in between the Mediterranean Sea and France along the French Riviera or Côte dAzur (The... Monaco on January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 355 days remaining (356 in leap years). Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon which signalled civil war. 1072 - Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo. 1776 - Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense. 1806 - Dutch in Cape Town... January 10, 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 1 - Cultivars of plants named after this date must be named in a modern language, not in Latin. January 1 - Cuba: Fulgencio Batista flees Havana when forces of Fidel Castro advance January... 1959.

Contents

Qualifications and certifications

CMAS has a Star system for grading diver and instructor qualifications and certifications:


Early ideas of autonomous under-water systems appear in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea Scuba Diving is the use of independent breathing equipment to stay underwater for long periods for recreational diving and professional diving. Generally the diver swims underwater, but walking and the use of diver propulsion vehicles... Scuba diving certifications

  • 1 Star - Entry level
  • 2 Star - Competent diver
  • 3 Star - Supervisor of a recreational diving group
  • 4 Star - Supervisor of a diving project

Swimmers snorkel A snorkel is a tube about a 30 cm / 12 inches long, usually J-shaped, fitted with a reasonably comfortable mouthpiece, and constructed of rubber or plastic. It is used for breathing air from the water surface with mouth and nose submerged, either during a surface swim... Snorkel diving certifications

  • 1 star - Snorkel Diver
  • 2 star - Snorkel Diver
  • 3 star - Snorkel Diver

Instructor certifications

  • 1 Star - Pool work and lecturing
  • 2 Star - Open water instructor
  • 3 Star - Instructor trainer
  • Typical decal used on scuba cylinders containing Nitrox Nitrox is a breathing gas consisting of oxygen and nitrogen (similar to air), but with a higher proportion of oxygen than the normal 20.9%. Several other terms for the same exist: Enhanced Air Nitrox, Oxygen Enriched Air... Nitrox instructor
  • Confirmed Typical decal used on scuba cylinders containing Nitrox Nitrox is a breathing gas consisting of oxygen and nitrogen (similar to air), but with a higher proportion of oxygen than the normal 20.9%. Several other terms for the same exist: Enhanced Air Nitrox, Oxygen Enriched Air... Nitrox instructor
  • Photo instructor level I
  • Cave diver instructor level II
  • Marine Science instructor level I
  • Apnea (British spelling - apnoea) is the absence of external breathing. During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged. Depending on the patency of the airways there may or may not be a flow of gas between the lungs... Apnea instructor
  • Inspiration Closed Circuit Diving Rebreather Description A rebreather is a type of breathing equipment that provides a breathing gas containing oxygen and recycles exhaled gas. This recycling reduces the volume of breathing gas used, making a rebreather a lightweight and compact breathing set for long durations in environments where humans... Rebreather instructor

Speciality certifications

  • Basic Typical decal used on scuba cylinders containing Nitrox Nitrox is a breathing gas consisting of oxygen and nitrogen (similar to air), but with a higher proportion of oxygen than the normal 20.9%. Several other terms for the same exist: Enhanced Air Nitrox, Oxygen Enriched Air... Nitrox diver
  • Advanced Typical decal used on scuba cylinders containing Nitrox Nitrox is a breathing gas consisting of oxygen and nitrogen (similar to air), but with a higher proportion of oxygen than the normal 20.9%. Several other terms for the same exist: Enhanced Air Nitrox, Oxygen Enriched Air... Nitrox diver
  • Night diving is a type of recreational diving which takes place in darkness. The diver may see more and has a different underwater experience at night because many marine animals are nocturnal and the diver is forced to concentrate on smaller, nearby objects. There are additional hazards when diving in... Night diving
  • Search and recovery
  • Photographer level III
  • Cave diver level II
  • Marine Science level I
  • Inspiration Closed Circuit Diving Rebreather Description A rebreather is a type of breathing equipment that provides a breathing gas containing oxygen and recycles exhaled gas. This recycling reduces the volume of breathing gas used, making a rebreather a lightweight and compact breathing set for long durations in environments where humans... Rebreather diver

Apnea (British spelling - apnoea) is the absence of external breathing. During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged. Depending on the patency of the airways there may or may not be a flow of gas between the lungs... Apnea

  • Apnea (British spelling - apnoea) is the absence of external breathing. During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged. Depending on the patency of the airways there may or may not be a flow of gas between the lungs... Apnea level I
  • Apnea (British spelling - apnoea) is the absence of external breathing. During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged. Depending on the patency of the airways there may or may not be a flow of gas between the lungs... Apnea level II
  • Apnea (British spelling - apnoea) is the absence of external breathing. During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged. Depending on the patency of the airways there may or may not be a flow of gas between the lungs... Apnea level III

Sports

CMAS organises the following sports:

  • General Description Underwater rugby is a three dimensional sport performed in a pool. Two teams, each with six players (plus five reserves), try to score a goal by sending the slightly negatively buoyant ball into the opponents goal (bucket) at the bottom of the pool. Federations Like underwater hockey, underwater... Underwater rugby
  • Octopush tournament at Crystal Palace Pool, London 2001 Underwater hockey (also known as Octopush) is a sport in which two teams composed of six players in a swimming pool compete to maneuver a puck sliding across the bottom of the pool into the opponents goal with a short wooden... Underwater hockey
  • Finswimming is the progression of a swimmer using fins either on the water surface or under water, using only muscle strength. It has been an Olympic recognised sport since 1986. Categories: Sports stubs ... Finswimming
  • Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while underwater. It is usually done while scuba diving, but can be done in other manners, such as while snorkeling or swimming. Overview Underwater photography is extremely challenging since it is difficult to capture the image of a moving object, such as... Underwater photography
  • Spearfishing is a form of fishing that has been popular the whole world over for centuries. Early civilizations are familiar with the custom of spearing fish out of rivers and streams using sharpened sticks as a means of catching food. The sport of spearfishing however involves holding one’s... Spearfishing
  • Underwater target shooting
  • Apnea (British spelling - apnoea) is the absence of external breathing. During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged. Depending on the patency of the airways there may or may not be a flow of gas between the lungs... Apnea

See also

  • SCUBA is an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. These initials originated in 1939 in the US Navy to refer to US frogmans rebreathers. As with radar, the acronym has become so familiar that it is often not capitalised. A scuba set provides a scuba diver with the... SCUBA
  • Diving has several meanings:- Plunging deliberately, often acrobatically, into water. This, and also completely unequipped swimming underwater, is described on this page. See also Underwater swimming. Going underwater with or without breathing apparatus. When done for sport, this is sometimes called subaquatics. See:- snorkelling and free diving: swimming underwater without... Diving
  • Underwater history

External links

CMAS homepage (http://www.cmas2000.org)


Pictures

Download high resolution version (719x800, 137 KB)Underwater rugby, a real three dimensional sport Photo: Petter F. Schmedling File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded...
Download high resolution version (719x800, 137 KB)Underwater rugby, a real three dimensional sport Photo: Petter F. Schmedling File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded... Enlarge
Underwater rugby

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