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CIX (Originally Compulink Information eXchange) was one of the earliest British Internet Service Providers. Founded in 1983 by Frank and Sylvia Thornley, it began as a FidoNet bulletin board system, but in 1987 was relaunched commercially as CIX Conferencing. At the core of the service were many thousands of "conferences" - groups established by users to discuss particular topics, conceptually not unlike newsgroups but limited to CIX subscribers. These conferences still exist today although the CIX service has since expanded to include many other features. The service is funded by a monthly subscription charge rather than by advertising. An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The FidoNet logo FidoNet is a worldwide computer network that is used for communication between bulletin board systems. ... Ward Christensen and the computer that ran the first public Bulletin Board System, CBBS from BBS: The Documentary “BBS” redirects here. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A newsgroup is a repository, usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users at different locations. ...


In 1988 it provided the first commercial Internet email and Usenet access in the UK. CIX then grew rapidly, reaching a peak of more than 16,000 users in 1994, before starting to lose customers to the newly-formed Internet Service Providers that provided free access to the mass market using 0845 Dial UP, companies such as Demon, Pipex, AOL and Freeserve. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... E-mail, or email, is short for electronic mail and is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. ... Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP network of the same name. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Demon Internet is a British Internet Service Provider. ... PIPEX Communications PLC is an Internet Service Provider in the United Kingdom. ... AOL LLC (formerly America Online, Inc. ... Wanadoo is a French Internet Service Provider (ISP), which is a subsidiary of France Telecom. ...


In its heyday, CIX was one of the UK's premier online locations for both technical and social interaction. It hosted several official online support areas for companies such as Borland and Novell and counted among its subscribers many of the UK's technology journalists (some of them wooed with free accounts), which ensured regular mention in the computing press. Borland Software Corporation is a software company headquartered in California. ... Novell, Inc. ...

Contents

Later Company History

In 1996 following the launch of the ISP Demon Internet which incidentally was started up by Cliff Stanford in a conference on CIX way back in 1992, the Thornleys decided to expand CIX's services to include full 0845 dialup Internet access known as CIX Internet. However, take up was limited even though technically it was rated for many years as one of the best internet providers in the UK. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Demon Internet is a British Internet Service Provider. ...


In March 1998 a management buy-in backed by Legal & General Ventures was successful, the buy-in team, comprised of Doug Birtley, Managing Director, Niels Gotfredsen, Finance Director, and Graham Davies, Sales and Marketing Director, who came with a wealth of IT experience, having previously been at Wordstar, Fontware and a founder member of Precedent Interactive Solutions. Frank and Sylvia Thornley contracted to remain with the company for a minimum of three years. The management believe that the core competencies - in conferencing and internet connectivity - for which CIX has acquired an enviable reputation over its 14 year history, can be extended to encompass other areas of internet service provision. Moreover, expansion will not be limited to the organic growth of CIX’s existing services; the intent is to acquire other businesses. Graham Davies, CIX’s newly appointed Sales and Marketing Director and a member of the buy-in team, commented: "The greatest differentiator amongst online providers is age. What sets CIX apart from many of its competitors or peer group is its enviable 14 years’ experience in online service provision. In its knowledge of networks and its development of proprietary software capable of handling many thousands of conferences simultaneously, CIX stands head and shoulders above any other European player." Frank Thornley, one of CIX’s founding partners, added: "CIX has grown to its current size and reputation without resort to any external equity funding. Now, with the backing of a blue chip investment institution, CIX will be able to bring to market a number of exciting new products, designed to fuel its growth into the next millennium." 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


In 2000 CIX was sold to Telenor, a Norwegian telecommunications company. CIX was re-branded and merged with XTML and Norsk Data to form the UK arm of Nextra, the UK Internet subsidiary of Telenor. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Telenor (OSE: TEL, NASDAQ: TELN) is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. ... The characteristical ND dotted logo used from 1973 Norsk Data was a (mini-)computer manufacturer located in Oslo, Norway. ...


In June 2002 the CIX service was outsourced by Telenor to Parkglobe, a company specially set up for the purpose by several long-term staffers/directors. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


In July 2002 Telenor sold the business to GX Networks aka PIPEX. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Between 2003 and the present, several additional services including online calendars, contact lists and document libraries, plus voice-to-email, fax2email, and conference call facilities have been added. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2004 CIX Conferencing was relaunched as CIX Online and given a Web interface as an alternative to the text interface. Customer acceptance of the Web interface has been limited, due partly to its cumbersome nature when compared to the OLRs that most cixen use. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Technical Information

CIX Conferencing is based on CoSy ("Conferencing System"), though it has been heavily modified by succeeding generations of staff. The CoSy conferencing system used by CIX was initially run on a SysV UNIX server, and was gradually modified from the original CoSy to add new features over time. Look up cosy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®) is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ...


While initially users read the text-based (ISO 8859-1) CIX messages online, the UK's practice of charging per minute for 0845 telephone calls led to the development of off-line readers (OLR's). The official windows OLR for CIX is Ameol, it handles email, CIX conferencing and Usenet, and is freely available for cixen to use. It was originally written by Steve Palmer back in 1994, and more than ten years later it is still the most popular way of accessing cix. Many other OLR's, written by CIX users, are also available for other operating systems, like Lucy on the Amiga, and Polar on Psion PDA's.


In 1996 the decision was taken to port the system to SunOS hardware, and upgrade the bank of modems. ISDN Dial Up access, and using the Internet to blink (a term used to collect messages) were also introduced. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Example Conferences

Bikers -


CaRP - The Campaign for Real Pedantry, stands up for pedantic details (particularly relating to the correct usage of the English language).


Gussets_Live! - a wibble conference


sasha_lubetkin - the ultimate wibble conference


See also

  • WELL - US equivalent of CIX

Look up well in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

External links

  • CIX Conferencing
  • CIX Office
  • Ameol2

  Results from FactBites:
 
CIX - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (670 words)
CIX then grew rapidly, reaching a peak of more than 16,000 users in 1994, before losing customers to the newly-formed Internet Service Providers that provided access to the mass market but not, unlike CIX, conferencing.
Concern has also been expressed regarding CIX management's expulsion of members for apparently minor or unproven infractions of rules; examples include the 1990s termination of the user known as satnews (later reinstated after protests from other members), the dismissal in 1999 (and subsequent Employment Tribunal) of orac and the 2004 expulsion of chrisjj.
CIX Conferencing is based on CoSy ("Conferencing System"), though it has been heavily modified by succeeding generations of staff.
ISP-Planet - Business - ISP Association Directory - Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX) (1192 words)
CIX, pronounced "kicks," is the oldest ISP organization in the U.S. It was present at the creation of the first peering agreement and still maintains a core routing function at PAIX.
CIX attempted to filter out non-member traffic but stopped, after a compromise was achieved, whereby ANS set up a commercial version of its institutional root, dubbed ANS CO+RE, which was allowed to join CIX for free.
CIX also lobbies the Federal Communication Commission and the Congress on behalf of ISPs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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