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Encyclopedia > CCITT

ITU-T is the telecom standardization organization of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). It was previously known as CCITT, or Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télégraphique (Consultative Committee for International Telegraphy and Telephony).


Series and Recommendations

ITU-T issues recommendations that have names like X.500, where X is the series and 500 is a serial number.


See Category:ITU-T recommendations.


Significant ITU-T series and recommendations are:

  • A - Organization of the work of ITU-T
  • B - Means of expression: definitions, symbols, classification,
  • C - General telecommunication statistics
  • D - General tariff principles
  • E - Overall network operation, telephone service, service operation and human factors
    • E.123 Notation for national and international telephone numbers
    • E.163 Numbering plan for the international telephone service
    • E.164 The international public telecommunication numbering plan
      • Supplement 2 - Number Portability
  • F - Non-telephone telecommunication services
  • G - Transmission systems and media, digital systems and networks
    • G.711 Audio compression (mu-law)
    • G.722 Audio compression (wideband)
    • G.722.1 Audio compression (wideband, lower bit rates)
    • G.722.2 Speech compression AMR-WB (wideband, lower bit rates)
    • G.723.1 Speech compression CELP
    • G.726 Audio compression ADPCM
    • G.728 Speech compression LD-CELP
    • G.729 Speech compression ACELP
  • H - Audiovisual and multimedia systems
    • H.223 Multiplexing protocol for low bit rate multimedia communication
    • H.225.0 Also known as RTP
    • H.261 Video compression standard, circa 1991
    • H.263 Video compression standard, circa 1995
    • H.263v2 (a.k.a. H.263+) Video compression standard, circa 1998
    • H.264 Video compression standard (also known as MPEG_4 part 10)
    • H.323 Packet-based multimedia communications systems
      • Annex D - Real-time facsimile over H.323 systems
      • Annex G - Text conversation and Text SET
      • Annex J - Security for H.323 Annex F
      • Annex K - HTTP based service control transport channel in H.323
      • Annex M.1 - Tunnelling of signalling protocol (Qsig) in H.323
      • Annex M.2 - Tunnelling of signalling protocol (Isup) in H.323
    • H.324 Terminal for low bit-rate multimedia communication
    • H.332 H.323 extended for loosely coupled conferences
  • I - Integrated services digital network (ISDN)
  • J _ Transmission of television, sound programme and other multimedia signals
  • K _ Protection against interference
  • L _ Construction, installation and protection of cables and other elements of outside plant
  • M _ TMN and network maintenance: international transmission systems, telephone circuits, telegraphy, facsimile and leased circuits
  • N _ Maintenance: international sound programme and television transmission circuits
  • O _ Specifications of measuring equipment
  • P _ Telephone transmission quality, telephone installations, local line networks
  • Q _ Switching and signalling
  • R _ Telegraph transmission
  • S _ Telegraph services terminal equipment
  • T _ Terminals for telematic services
  • U - Telegraph switching
  • V - Data communication over the telephone network
    • V.1 Equivalence between binary notation symbols and the significant conditions of a two-condition code.
    • V.5 Standard that synchronous data signalling rates should be 600, 1200, 2400, 4800 and 9600 bit/s, to within better than 0.01%.
    • V.10 A recommendation, first agreed in 1976, for unbalanced electrical circuits for data communication at up to 100 kbit/s.
    • V.11 A recommendation, first agreed in 1976, for balanced electrical circuits for data communication at up to 10 Mbit/s.
    • V.17 A fax protocol that uses TCM modulation at 12 and 14.4 kbit/s.
    • V.21 A recommendation for full duplex communication between two analogue dial-up modems using AFSK modulation at 300 bauds to carry data at 300 bit/s.
    • V.22 A recommendation for full duplex communication between two analogue dial-up modems using PSK modulation at 600 bauds to carry data at 1200 or 600 bit/s.
    • V.22bis An extension of V.22 using QAM modulation at 600 bauds to carry data at 2400 or 1200 bit/s, with fall-back to V.22 mode.
    • V.23 A half duplex communications protocol allowing two dialup analog modems to signal each other at 0-600bit/s or 0 to 1200 bit/s. It has an optional split speed transmission method with a reverse channel of 0 to 75 bit/s (1200/75 or 75/1200). It uses FSK modulation
    • V.24 List of definitions for interchange circuits between data terminal equipment (DTE) and data circuit terminating equipment (DCE) - equivalent to EIA RS 232, defined in ISO 2110, circa 1964
    • V.25 Protocol for automatic calling and/or answering equipment on dialup lines, circa 1968
    • V.25bis Protocol for synchronous communications between a computer and and modem using the HDLC protocol.
    • V.26 Protocol for synchronous 2400 bit/s full duplex modems for use on four-wire leased lines, circa 1964
    • V.26bis Protocol for synchronous 1200 or 2400 bit/s full duplex modems for dialup lines, circa 1972
    • V.26ter Protocol for asynchronous or synchronous 2400 bit/s full duplex modems using DPSK modulation over dialup and two-wire leased lines, circa 1984
    • V.27 Protocol for synchronous 4800 bit/s full duplex modems for use on four-wire leased lines, circa 1972
    • V.27
    • V.27bis
    • V.27ter A full duplex comminications protocol allowing two analog modems to signal each other at 4800 bit/s
    • V.28
    • V.29 A comminications protocol allowing two fax to signal each other at 9600 bit/s
    • V.32 A family of 2-wire, duplex modems operating at data signalling rates of up to 9600 bit/s, full duplex for use on the general switched telephone network and on leased telephone-type circuits.
    • V.32bis A duplex modem operating at data signalling rates of up to 14 400 bit/s for use on the general switched telephone network and on leased point-to-point 2-wire telephone-type circuits, with fallback to 12000 bits/s. This standard was improved on by modem manufacturers to create the V.terbo adhoc standard, signalling at 19,2 kb/s, as suggestive of a V.32ter standard that never materialized.
    • V.34 is the ITU-T standard for full-duplex data communications up to 28,000 bit/s with fallback to lower speeds depending on the remote modem ant the conditions of the phone line. This standard was known informally as V.Fast, hence pre-standard modems called V.FC (V.FastClass).
    • [[V.34+]] (aka V.34bis) A communications protocol for full-duplex datacommunications up to 33,6 kb/s between two analog modems on dial-up lines.
    • V.42 Error correction protocol
    • V.42bis Data compression procedures for data circuit terminating equipment (DCE) using error correction procedures to try to ensure the transfer of error-free data, even over the noisiest telephone lines. Ratified by CCITT in January 1990.
    • V.44 Data compression protocol
    • V.90 A digital modem and analogue modem pair for use on the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) at data signalling rates of up to 56 000 bit/s downstream and up to 33 600 bit/s upstream, using PCM encoding downstream, and QAM encoding upstream. V.90 Mode 2 used PCM upstream as well. This standard was known informally as V.Last and some pre_standard modems indicate V.Last compatibility or upgradeability. Prior to the arrival of the standard, there were two competing industry standards for 56 kbit/s downstream signalling, X2 and K56flex. K56flex itself is a merged standard of K56 and 56flex.
    • V.92 A digital modem and analog modem pair for use on POTS at data signalling rates of up to 56 kbit/s downstream and up to 48 kbit/s upstream, using PCM encoding both ways, supporting Modem-on-Hold technology. This is a development of V.90 Mode 2.
  • X - Data networks and open system communication
    • X.1 International user classes of service in, and categories of access to, public data networks and Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDNs)
    • X.21 Interface between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Circuit-terminating Equipment for synchronous operation on public data networks
    • X.25 Interface between Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) and Data Circuit-terminating Equipment (DCE) for terminals operating in the packet mode and connected to public data networks by dedicated circuit
    • X.110 International routing principles and routing plan for public data networks
    • X.121 International numbering plan for public data networks
    • X.200 Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Basic Reference Model: The basic model
    • X.208 Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)
    • X.209 Specification of Basic Encoding Rules for Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)
    • X.400 Message handling services: Message handling system and service overview
    • X.500 Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - The Directory: Overview of concepts, models and services Common text with ISO/IEC
    • X.509 Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - The Directory: Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks
    • X.520 Information technology – Open Systems Interconnection – The Directory - Selected Attribute Types
    • X.521 Information technology – Open Systems Interconnection – The Directory - Selected Object Classes
  • Y - Global information infrastructure and Internet protocol aspects
  • Z - Languages and general software aspects for telecommunication systems

AAA


See also

  • Other specifications which are numbered similar to ITU-T recommendations, but are not products of ITU-T, include:

External links

  • http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/





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