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EncyclopediaCBS > FOX-Video
This article is about the broadcast network. For its parent company, see CBS Corporation. For other uses of CBS, see CBS (disambiguation)
CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (CBS)
Type Broadcast radio network and
television network
Country Flag of the United States United States
Availability    National; also available in Flag of Canada Canada, Flag of Mexico Mexico, and the Caribbean
Founder (as CBS) William S. Paley
Slogan We Are CBS
Owner CBS Corporation
Key people Leslie Moonves, Chairman of CBS
Launch date 1927 (radio); 1939 (television)
Past names United Independent Broadcasters (1927),
Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System (1927-28),
Columbia Broadcasting System (1928-74 in official usage)
Website www.cbs.com

CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (CBS) is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. The name is derived from the initialism of Columbia Broadcasting System, its former legal name. The network is sometimes referred to as the Tiffany Network, which alludes to the perceived quality of CBS programming during the tenure of its founder William S. Paley.[1] It can also refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950.[2] CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... CBS could stand for Core Banking Solution or CBS new platform of Banking . ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ... A radio network is a network system which distributes programming to multiple stations simultaneously, or slightly delayed, for the purpose of extending total coverage beyond the limits of a single broadcast signal. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... William S. Paley (1901-1990) This article is about the broadcast executive. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... Leslie Moonves (born December 23, 1948 in New York City) is President and Chief Executive Officer of CBS Corporation. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... William S. Paley (1901-1990) This article is about the broadcast executive. ... Tiffany & Co. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc., a collection of 16 radio stations that was bought by William S. Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States and then one of the big three American broadcast television networks. In 1974, CBS dropped its full name and became known simply as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995 and eventually adopted the name of the company it had bought to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, which coincidentally had begun as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself and reestablished CBS Corporation with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation and the new Viacom are controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, the parent of the two companies. Westinghouse logo (designed by Paul Rand) The Westinghouse Electric Company, headquartered in Monroeville, Pennsylvania, is an organization founded by George Westinghouse in 1886. ... Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... Sumner Murray Redstone (born Sumner Murray Rothstein on May 27, 1923 in Boston, Massachusetts) is Chairman of the Board and controlling shareholder of the Viacom and CBS Corporation media conglomerates. ... National Amusements, Inc. ...

Contents

History

Early years

CBS can trace its origins to the creation, on January 27, 1927, of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network. Established by New York talent agent Arthur Judson, United soon looked for additional investors; the Columbia Phonographic Manufacturing Company (also owners of Columbia Records), rescued the company in April 1927, and as a result, the network was renamed "Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System." Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, and 15 affiliates. is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Arthur Judson (Arthur Leon Judson) was an artists manager who also managed the New York Philharmonic and Philadelphia Orchestra. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Unable to sell enough air time to advertisers, on September 25, 1927, Columbia sold the network for $500,000 to William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar manufacturer. With Columbia Phonographic's removal, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System". Paley believed in the power of radio advertising; his family's company had seen their "La Palina" cigar become a best-seller after young William convinced his elders to advertise it on Philadelphia station WCAU. is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... William S. Paley (1901-1990) This article is about the broadcast executive. ... WCAU, channel 10, is the NBC owned-and-operated television station serving the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania market, with studios on the border between Philadelphia and Bala Cynwyd, and transmitter in the Roxborough neighborhood. ...


In November 1927, Columbia paid $410,000 to A.H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station.WCBS WABC was quickly upgraded, and the signal relocated to a stronger frequency, 860kHz. (In 1946, WABC was re-named WCBS; the station moved to a new frequency, 880 kHz, in the FCC's 1941 reassignment of stations.) It was where much of CBS's programming originated; other owned-and-operated stations were KNX Los Angeles, KCBS San Francisco (originally KQW), WBBM Chicago, WJSV Washington, DC (later WTOP, which moved to the FM dial in 2005; the AM facility today is WTWP, also a CBS Radio affiliate), KMOX St. Louis, and WCCO Minneapolis. These remain the core affiliates of the CBS Radio Network today, with WCBS still the flagship, and all but WTOP/WTWP (both Bonneville Broadcasting properties) owned by CBS Radio. A flagship is the ship used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships. ... WCBS (880 kHz. ... KNX is a Los Angeles, California, clear channel radio station operating on 1070 kHz with 50,000 watts of power from a transmitter site in Torrance, and a key West Coast station for the CBS Radio Network. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... KCBS is an AM all-news radio station in San Francisco, California that is a key West Coast flagship radio station of the CBS Radio Network and Westwood One, broadcasting at 740 kHz. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... WBBM (AM), also known on-air as Newsradio 780, is an all-news radio station in Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... WTOP is the only all-news radio station in the Washington, DC area. ... WTWP/WTWP-FM a radio station in Washington, D.C., began operation on March 30, 2006 as Washington Post Radio. ... General Information KMOX is an AM radio station broadcasting in St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... WCCO is a set of radio and television stations with a storied history spanning more than 80 years that serves the Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... The CBS Radio Network provides news, sports and other programming to more than 1,000 radio stations throughout the United States. ... Bonneville International Corporation, managed by Deseret Management Corporation, is a broadcasting company wholly owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS Church). ...


Later in 1928, another investor, Paramount Pictures (who ironically would eventually be co-owned with CBS, see below), bought Columbia stock, and for a time it was thought the network would be renamed "Paramount Radio". Any chance of further Paramount involvement ended with the 1929 stock market crash; the near-bankrupt studio sold its shares back to CBS in 1932. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also called the Great Crash or the Crash of 29, is the stock-market crash that occurred in late October, 1929. ...


As the third national network, CBS soon had more affiliates than either of NBC's two, in part because of a more generous rate of payment to affiliates. NBC's owner and founder of RCA, David Sarnoff, believed in technology, so NBC's affiliates had the latest RCA equipment, and were often the best-established stations, or were on "clear channel" frequencies. Paley believed in the power of programming, and CBS quickly established itself as the home of many popular musical and comedy stars, among them Bing Crosby, Al Jolson, George Burns & Gracie Allen, and Kate Smith. In 1938, NBC and CBS each opened studios in Hollywood to attract movieland's top talent to their networks — NBC at Radio City on Sunset and Vine, CBS two blocks away at Columbia Square. The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... A clear channel, in the general sense, is a communications channel (such as a radio frequency) on which only one transmitter operates at a time. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Al Jolson was a highly acclaimed American singer, comedian and actor of Jewish heritage whose career lasted from 1911 until his death in 1950. ... George Burns[1], born Nathan Birnbaum (January 20, 1896 – March 9, 1996), was an American comedian and actor. ... Gracie Allen (July 26, 1895[1] – August 27, 1964) was an American comedian who became internationally famous as the zany partner and comic foil of husband George Burns. ... Kate Smith on the cover of a posthumous 1991 collection 16 Most Requested Songs Kathryn Elizabeth Smith (May 1, 1907 – June 17, 1986) was a Washington, D.C.-born singer best known for her rendition of Irving Berlins God Bless America. She greeted audiences with Hello, everybody! and signed... CBS Columbia Square (formerly known as the KCBS-TV/FM and KNX Studios) was a radio/television studio, located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California. ...


In the hard times of the early 1930s, CBS radio broadened its offerings; having refused an AP franchise for news, Paley launched an independent news division, shaped in its first years by Paley's vice-president, former New York Times man Ed Klauber, and news director Paul White. Another early hire, in 1935, was Edward R. Murrow, brought in as "Director of Talks." It was Murrow's reports, particularly during the dark days of the London Blitz, which contributed to CBS News' image for on-the-spot coverage. As European news chief and later head of the news division, Murrow assembled a team of reporters and editors that propelled CBS News to the forefront of the industry. The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... April 8, 1956: CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow talking to reporters during a stop in Wiesbaden, Germany. ... For other uses, see Blitz. ...


On October 30, 1938, CBS gained a taste of infamy when Orson Welles and the Mercury Theatre broadcast an adaptation of H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds. Its unique format, a contemporary version of the story in the form of faux news broadcasts, had many CBS listeners panicked into believing invaders from Mars were actually devastating Grovers Mill, New Jersey, despite three disclaimers during the broadcast it was a work of fiction. CBS would later revive the format for television in the 1990s for Without Warning, which told the story of asteroids crashing to Earth, but the television format allowed for disclaimers to air at every commercial break, avoiding a replay of what happened in 1938. is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The Mercury Theatre was a theatre company founded in New York City by Orson Welles and John Houseman. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The War of the Worlds was an episode of the American radio drama anthology series Mercury Theatre on the Air. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Grovers Mill is a section of West Windsor Township, New Jersey made famous in Orson Welles 1938 radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds where it was depicted as ground zero for a Martian invasion. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... Without Warning is a TV movie that premiered on CBS on Halloween night, October 31, 1994. ...


Also in 1938, CBS bought American Record Corporation, the parent of its former investor Columbia Records. The American Record Company, often known as ARC Records or simply ARC, was a United States based record company. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ...


Prior to the onset of World War II, CBS recruited Edmund A. Chester from his position as Bureau Chief for Latin America at Associated Press to serve as Director of Latin American Relations and Director of Short Wave Broadcasts for the CBS radio network (1940). In this capacity, Mr. Chester coordinated the development of the Network of the Americas (La Cadena de las Americas) with the Department of State, the Office for Inter-American Affairs (as chaired by Nelson Rockefeller) and Voice of America. This network provided vital news and cultural programming throughout South America and Central America during the crucial World War II era and fostered benevolent diplomatic relations between the United States of America and the less developed nations of the continent. It featured such popular radio broadcasts as Viva America [1] which showcased leading musical talent from both North and South America. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Edmund A. Chester - (June 22, 1897 – October 14, 1973) - was a senior Vice President and executive at the CBS radio and television networks during the 1940s. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American Vice President, governor of New York State, philanthropist and businessman. ... Voice of America logo Voice of America (VOA), is the official external radio and television broadcasting service of the United States federal government. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Viva America - refers to a popular American musical radio program which was broadcast live over the CBS radio network and to South America over the La Cadena de las Americas (Network of the Americas) during the 1940s (1942 -1949). ...


As long as radio was the dominant advertising medium, CBS dominated broadcasting. All through the 1950s and 1960s, CBS programs were often the highest-rated. A much-publicized "talent raid" on NBC in the mid-1940s brought Jack Benny, Edgar Bergen and Amos 'n' Andy into the CBS fold. Paley also was an innovator in creating original programming; since broadcasting's earliest days, time had been sold to advertising agencies in half- or full-hour blocks. The ad agencies, not the networks, would then create the program to fill the time, thus it was " 'The Johnson's Wax Program', with Fibber McGee & Molly", or " 'The Pepsodent Show', with Bob Hope." At Paley's urging, beginning in the mid-1940s, CBS began creating its own programs; among the long-running shows that came from this project were You Are There (born as CBS Was There), My Favorite Husband (starring Lucille Ball; the show proved a kind of blueprint for her big CBS television hit I Love Lucy), Our Miss Brooks (whose star, Eve Arden, was encouraged personally by Paley to try out for the title role), Gunsmoke and The Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet. In time this idea was carried further, selling ad time by the minute, so ad agencies no longer had complete control over what went out over "Paley's air". Jack Benny (February 14, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois – December 26, 1974 in Beverly Hills, California), born Benjamin Kubelsky, was an American comedian, vaudeville performer, and radio, television, and film actor. ... Sam Bermans caricature of Charlie McCarthy and Edgar Bergen for 1947 NBC promotion book Edgar John Bergen (February 16, 1903 – September 30, 1978) was an American actor and radio performer, best known as a ventriloquist. ... Illustrator J.J. Goulds 1930 drawing of Amos and Andy for New Movie Magazine Amos n Andy was a situation comedy popular in the United States from the 1920s through the 1950s. ... Jim and Marian Jordan, aka Fibber McGee and Molly Fibber McGee and Molly was a long-running comedy program on United States radio which played a major role in determining the form of what is now called old-time radio, and also a major role in defining American culture of... Pepsodent is a brand of toothpaste formerly owned by Unilever. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... My Favorite Husband was a radio program on CBS Radio. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American actor, comedian and star of the landmark sitcom I Love Lucy, a four time Emmy Award winner (awarded 1953, 1956, 1967, 1968) and charter member of the Television Hall of Fame. ... I Love Lucy is a television situation comedy starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, and featuring Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... Our Miss Brooks, an American situation comedy, began as a radio hit in 1948 and migrated to television in 1952, becoming one of the earlier hits of the so-called Golden Age of Television, and making a star out of Eve Arden as comely, wisecracking, but humane high school English... Eve Arden (April 30, 1908 – November 12, 1990) was an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy--winning American actress, who established a lengthy career as a supporting and character actor but was best remembered for playing a sardonically engaging high school teacher in the radio and television classic Our Miss Brooks. ... The cast of radios Gunsmoke: Howard McNear (Doc), William Conrad (Matt), Georgia Ellis (Kitty) and Parley Baer (Chester) Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman MacDonnell and writer John Meston. ... The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet was an American radio and television series. ...


CBS moved at a deliberate pace into television; as late as 1950 it owned only one station; radio continued to be the backbone of the company. Gradually, as the television network took shape, big radio stars began to drift to television. The radio soap opera The Guiding Light moved to television in 1952 and still airs today; Burns & Allen made the move in 1950; Lucille Ball a year later; Our Miss Brooks in 1952 (though it continued simultaneously on radio for its full television life). The high-rated Jack Benny radio show ended in 1955, and Edgar Bergen's Sunday-night show went off the air in 1957. When CBS announced in 1956 that its radio operations had lost money, while the television network had made money, it was clear where the future lie. When the soap opera Ma Perkins went off the air November 25, 1960 only eight, relatively minor series remained. Prime-time radio ended on September 30, 1962 when, the legendary Suspense, aired for the final time. For Philippine soap opera, see Teleserye. ... Guiding Light (known as The Guiding Light prior to 1975, GL) is an American television program credited by the Guinness Book of World Records as being the longest-running soap opera in production and the longest running drama in television history. ... Jack Benny (February 14, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois – December 26, 1974 in Beverly Hills, California), born Benjamin Kubelsky, was an American comedian, vaudeville performer, and radio, television, and film actor. ... Ma Perkins was a radio serial which was heard on NBC from 1933 to 1949 and on CBS from 1942 to 1960. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up Suspense in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


After the retirement of talk-show pioneer Arthur Godfrey in 1972, CBS radio programming consisted of hourly news broadcast and an extensive schedule of news features, known in the 1970s as Dimension, and commentaries, including the well received Spectrum series of commentaries which evolved into the Point/Counterpoint feature on the television network's 60 Minutes and First Line Report, a well-regarded news and analysis feature delivered by CBS correspondents and offered to the CBS radio stations. The network also continued to offer traditional radio programming through its nightly "CBS Mystery Theater", the lone holdout of old-style programming. The CBS Radio Network continues to this day, but offers primarily its well-regarded newscasts, including its centerpiece World News Roundup in the morning and evening and news-related features like "The Osgood File" and "Harry Smith Reporting" as well as other talk properties like "Opie and Anthony" In this CBS publicity photo of Arthur Godfrey Time, vocalist Patti Clayton is seen at the far right and Godfrey sits in the foreground. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The CBS Radio Network provides news, sports and other programming to more than 1,000 radio stations throughout the United States. ... Harry Smith Harry Smith (born August 21, 1951 in Lansing, Illinois) is a co-anchor for CBS The Early Show and the host of A&Es Biography series. ... Opie (Gregg Hughes, b. ...


The television years: expansion and growth

CBS's first television broadcasts were experimental, often only for one hour a day, and reaching a limited area in and around New York City (over station W2XAB channel 2, later called WCBW and finally WCBS-TV). To catch up with rival RCA, CBS bought Hytron Laboratories in 1939, and immediately moved into set production and color broadcasting. Though there were many competing patents and systems, RCA dictated the content of the FCC's technical standards, and grabbed the spotlight from CBS, DuMont and others by introducing television to the general public at the 1939 New York World's Fair. The FCC began licensing commercial television stations on July 1, 1941; the first license went to RCA and NBC's WNBT (now WNBC); the second license, issued that same day, was to WCBW, (now WCBS). CBS-Hytron offered a practical color system in 1941, but it was not compatible with the black-and-white standards set down by RCA. In time, and after considerable dithering, the FCC rejected CBS's technology in favor of that backed by RCA. The FCCs official seal. ... The DuMont Television Network was the worlds first commercial television network, beginning operation in the United States in 1946. ... Trylon, Perisphere and Helicline photo by Sam Gottscho The 1939-40 New York Worlds Fair, located on the current site of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964-1965 New York Worlds Fair), was one of the largest worlds fairs of all time. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... WNBC, channel 4, is the flagship station of the NBC television network, located in New York City. ... WCBS is the callsign of CBSs three flagship broadcast stations in [[New York City|New York] WCBS-AM, 880 kHz WCBS-FM, 101. ...


During the World War II years, commercial television broadcasting was reduced dramatically. Toward the end of the war, commercial television began to ramp up again, with an increased level of programming evident in the 1945-1947 period on the three New York television stations which operated in those years (the local stations of NBC, CBS and DuMont) But as RCA and DuMont raced to establish networks and offer upgraded programming, CBS lagged, advocating an industry-wide shift and re-start to UHF for their incompatible (with black and white) color system. Only in 1950, when NBC was dominant in television and black and white transmission was widespread, did CBS begin to buy or build their own stations (outside of New York) in Los Angeles, Chicago and other major cities. Up to that point, CBS programming was seen on such stations as KTTV Channel 11 in Los Angeles, which CBS--as a bit of insurance and to guarantee program clearance in Los Angeles--quickly purchased a 50% interest in. CBS then sold their interest in KTTV and purchased outright Los Angeles pioneer station KTSL (Channel 2) in 1950, renaming it KNXT (after sister CBS radio station KNX), later to become KCBS. The "talent raid" on NBC of the mid-forties had brought over established radio stars; they now became stars of CBS television as well. One reluctant CBS star refused to bring her radio show, "My Favorite Husband," to television unless the network would re-cast the show with her real-life husband in the lead. Paley and network president Frank Stanton had so little faith in the future of Lucille Ball's series, re-dubbed I Love Lucy, that they granted her wish and allowed the husband, Desi Arnaz, to take financial control of the production. This was the making of the Ball-Arnaz Desilu empire, and became the template for series production to this day. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Frank Nicholas Stanton (March 20, 1908 – December 24, 2006) served as the president of CBS between 1946 and 1971 and then vice chairman until 1973. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American actor, comedian and star of the landmark sitcom I Love Lucy, a four time Emmy Award winner (awarded 1953, 1956, 1967, 1968) and charter member of the Television Hall of Fame. ... I Love Lucy is a television situation comedy starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, and featuring Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban musician, actor, comedian and television producer. ... Desilu Productions was a company jointly owned by American actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. ...


In the late 1940s, CBS offered imaginative and historic live television coverage of the proceedings United Nations General Assembly(1949). This journalist tour-de-force was under the direction of Edmund A. Chester, who was appointed to the post of Director for News, Special Events and Sports at CBS Television in 1948. The broadcast clearly underscored CBS's long term commitment to excellence in broadcast journalism in the post World War II era. The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. ... Edmund A. Chester - (June 22, 1897 – October 14, 1973) - was a senior Vice President and executive at the CBS radio and television networks during the 1940s. ...


As television came to the forefront of American entertainment and information, CBS dominated television as it once had radio. By the late 1950s, the network often controlled seven or eight of the slots on the "top ten" ratings list. This would continue for many years, with CBS bumped from first place only by the rise of ABC in the mid-1970s. Perhaps because of its status as the top-rated network, during the late 1960s and early 1970s CBS felt freer to gamble with controversial properties like the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour and All in the Family and its many spinoffs during this period. The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... The Smothers Brothers are an American musical-comedy team, formed by real-life brothers Tom and Dick Smothers. ... For other uses, see All in the Family (disambiguation). ...

CBS "Eye" Logo in 1966.
CBS "Eye" Logo in 1966.

William Paley was a buyer of art, and a backer of New York's Museum of Modern Art. CBS offices were filled with original works. Paley shared this interest with Frank Stanton (1908-2006), CBS President (1946-1971), who carried this belief over into the design elements surrounding the network. When CBS bought Los Angeles station KNX in 1936 for a west-coast production headquarters, Frank Stanton demanded that architect William Lescaze be hired to create Columbia Square, a distinctive, modern broadcasting center on Sunset Boulevard. Similarly, when CBS commissioned Eero Saarinen to design a new corporate center in New York in the 1960s, Stanton supervised every aspect of the project, even dictating what could be displayed in employee offices and on desktops. This belief in art, graphics and branding carried over to such things as the CBS Television's logo, the unblinking eye logo (designed by William Golden and introduced in 1951). An example of CBS's graphic-design particularity: on all official CBS letterhead, a tiny dot (at most a point in diameter) was pre-printed to indicate to a secretary where the typewriter carriage should be positioned for the salutation of a letter. Image File history File links CBS.png CBS In Living Color logo (1965); PNG version created from Image:CBS.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links CBS.png CBS In Living Color logo (1965); PNG version created from Image:CBS.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... William Edmond Lescaze (March 27, 1896-February 9, 1969) was a Swiss-born American architect. ... CBS Columbia Square (formerly known as the KCBS-TV/FM and KNX Studios) was a radio/television studio, located at 6121 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... William Golden is considered to be one of the pioneers of American graphic design. ... A point is a unit of measure in typography. ...


Although CBS-TV was the first with a working color television system, they lost out to RCA in 1953, due in part because the CBS color system was incompatible with existing black-and-white sets. By the early 1960s, CBS-TV was void of transmitting anything in color - save for a few specials and only if the sponsor would pay for it. Red Skelton was the first CBS host to telecast his weekly programs in color, using a converted movie studio, in the early 1960s; he tried unusuccessfully to persuade the network to use his facility for other programs, then was forced to sell it. Color was being pushed hard by rival NBC. Even ABC-TV had several color programs in 1962, where CBS-TV had none, although they did have an occasional color special, such as their 1957 telecast of Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella, their annual telecasts of The Wizard of Oz, and Playhouse 90's only color broadcast, the 1958 production of The Nutcracker. One famous CBS-TV special made during this era was the tour of the White House with First Lady Jackie Kennedy. It was, however, shown in black-and-white. This would all change by the mid-1960s, when market pressure forced CBS-TV to add color programs to the regular schedule. By 1969, all of CBS's TV programs were being shown in color, as they were on NBC and ABC. Richard Bernard Red Skelton (July 18, 1913 – September 17, 1997) was an American comedian whose greatest impact — in a career which began as a teen circus clown and graduated to vaudeville, Broadway, MGM films, and radio — began when he reached television stardom with The Red Skelton Show (NBC, 1951–1952... Rodgers (left) and Hammerstein (right), with Irving Berlin (middle) and Helen Tamiris, watching auditions at the St. ... Rodgers and Hammersteins Cinderella is the name of a musical written for television by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II based upon the fairy tale, Cinderella. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... Playhouse 90 is the name of a 90-minute long dramatic television series that ran on CBS from 1956 to 1961. ... (left to right) Sergei Legat, as the Nutcracker, an unidentified child as a gingerbread soldier, and Lydia Rubtsova as Marianna in Vsevolozhskys costumes for the Ivanov/Petipa/Tchaikovsky The Nutcracker, St. ... The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ...


The conglomerate

During the 1960s, CBS began an effort to diversify, and looked for suitable investments. In 1965 it acquired electric guitar maker Fender from Leo Fender, who agreed to sell his company due to health problems (The purchase also included that of Rhodes electric pianos, which had already been acquired by Fender). This and other acquisitions led to a restructuring of the corporation into various operating groups and divisions. An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, initially named the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, was started by Leo Fender in the 1940s, and is one of the most widely recognised manufacturers of electric guitars, bass guitars and amplifiers in the world. ... Image:Leo Fender tinkering. ... A Rhodes piano A Rhodes piano is a musical instrument, a brand of electric piano. ...


In other diversification attempts, CBS would buy (and later sell) sports teams (especially the New York Yankees baseball club), book and magazine publishers (Fawcett Publications including Woman's Day, and Holt, Rinehart and Winston), map-makers, toy manufacturers (Gabriel Toys, Child Guidance, Wonder Products), and other properties. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Fawcett Publications was an American publishing company founded in 1919 in Robbinsdale, Minnesota by Wilford Hamilton Captain Billy Fawcett (1883-1940). ... John Clymer cover for Womans Day (December, 1942) Womans Day is a magazine, aimed at a female readership, which A & P launched in the 1930s. ... Holt, Rinehart and Winston, somethimes abbreviated as HRW or referred to as Holt, is an Austin, Texas based publishing company, that specializes in textbooks for use in secondary schools. ...


As William Paley aged, he tried to find the one person who could follow in his footsteps. Over the years any number of accomplished, successful businessmen were recruited, loudly praised to the press, only later to be summarily dismissed.


By the mid-1980s, the investor Laurence Tisch had begun to acquire substantial holdings in CBS. Eventually he gained Paley's confidence, and then his blessing, taking control of CBS in 1986. But Tisch had no dreams of quality or of "Tiffany" networks; he expected a return on his investment. Laurence Alan Tisch (born March 5, 1923, died November 15, 2003) was a Wall Street investor and self-made billionaire. ...


When CBS faltered, under-performing units were given the axe. Among the first properties to go, and among the most prestigious, was the CBS Records group, which had been part of the company since 1938. Tisch also shut down in 1986 the CBS Technology Center in Stamford, CT, which had started in New York City in the 1930s as CBS Laboratories and evolved to be the company's technology R&D unit. CBS Labs in Stamford, CT CBS Laboratories or CBS Labs (later known as the CBS Technology Center) was the technology research and development organization of CBS. Innovations developed at the labs included many groundbreaking broadcast, industrial, and consumer technologies. ... Nickname: Location in Connecticut Coordinates: , NECTA Region Settled 1641 Incorporated (city) 1893 Consolidated 1949 Government  - Type Mayor-Board of representatives  - Mayor Dannel Malloy (Dem) Area  - City 134. ... CBS Labs in Stamford, CT CBS Laboratories or CBS Labs (later known as the CBS Technology Center) was the technology research and development organization of CBS. Innovations developed at the labs included many groundbreaking broadcast, industrial, and consumer technologies. ... The phrase research and development (also R and D or R&D) has a special commercial significance apart from its conventional coupling of research and technological development. ...


CBS Records group

CBS Records was a record label group (as Columbia Records in the US and Canada) owned by CBS since 1938. CBS sold CBS Records to Sony in 1988 and the record label company was re-christened Sony Music Entertainment in 1991, as Sony had a short term license on the CBS name. Eventually the entity known as Sony Music Entertainment would become Sony BMG Music Entertainment when Sony and BMG merged in 2004. Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Sony Music Entertainment is a major global record label controlled by the Sony Corporation. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... The Sony BMG Music Entertainment logo. ... BMG (Bertelsmann Music Group) is one of the six divisions of Bertelsmann. ...


Sony purchased from EMI its rights to the Columbia Records name outside the US, Canada and Japan. Sony BMG now uses Columbia Records as a label name in all countries except Japan. The EMI Group (LSE: EMI) is a British music company comprising of the major record company EMI Music which operates several labels, based in Kensington in London, England, and EMI Music Publishing, based in New York. ...


CBS Corporation revived CBS Records in 2006. CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... Columbia Records is the oldest continually used brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888. ...


CBS Musical Instruments division

Forming the CBS Musical Instruments division, the company also acquired Steinway pianos, Gemeinhardt flutes, Lyon & Healy harps, Rodgers (institutional) organs, Gulbransen home organs, Electro-Music Inc. (Leslie speakers), and Rogers drums. The last musical purchase was the 1981 acquisition of the assets of then-bankrupt Arp Instruments, developer of electronic synthesizers. Steinway & Sons is a piano manufacturing firm, currently based in New York and Hamburg, Germany. ... Gemeinhardt Co. ... Lyon and Healy (founded in 1889) is one of the two major harp manufacturers in the world, with its headquarters in Chicago, Illinois. ... Rodgers Instruments designs and manufacturers classical organs, using digital technology and sometimes incorporating traditional wind blown pipes. ... The Leslie speaker is a specially constructed amplifier/loudspeaker used to create special audio effects utilizing the Doppler effect. ... Rogers Drums, is a drum company created in 1949 and based in Covington, Ohio. ... Alan Robert Pearlman was an engineering student at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1948 when he forsaw the coming age of electronic music and synthesizers and wrote, Following 21 years of experience in electronic engineering and entrepreneurship, Perlman founded ARP Instruments in 1969 with $100,000 of personal investment and a... The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ...


Between 1965 and 1985 the quality of Fender guitars and amplifiers declined significantly. Encouraged by outraged Fender fans, CBS Musical Instruments division executives executed a leveraged buyout in 1985 and created FMIC, the Fender Musical Instrument Corporation. At the same time, CBS divested itself of Rodgers, along with Steinway and Gemeinhardt, all of which were purchased by Steinway Musical Properties. The other musical instruments properties were also liquidated. Early-1960s-style Fender Precision Bass The Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, initially named the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, was started by Leo Fender in the 1940s, and is one of the most widely recognised manufacturers of electric guitars, bass guitars and amplifiers. ...


Film production

It made a brief, unsuccessful move into film production in the late 1960s, creating Cinema Center Films. This profit-free unit was shut down in 1972, today the distribution rights to the Cinema Center library rest with Paramount Pictures for home video (via CBS DVD) and theatrical release, and with CBS Paramount Television for TV distribution (most other ancillary rights remain with CBS). CBS Video Enterprises was the home video entertainment arm of CBS, Inc. ...


Yet ten years later, CBS was talked into another try at Hollywood, in a joint venture with Columbia Pictures and HBO called Tri-Star Pictures. The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... ...


Home video

CBS entered into the home video market, when joined with MGM to form MGM/CBS Home Video in 1978, but the joint venture was broken by 1983. CBS joined another studio: 20th Century Fox, to form CBS/Fox Video. CBS's duty was to release some of the movies by Tri-Star under the CBS-FOX Home Video label. Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... CBS/Fox Video was a home video company formed and established in 1982. ... Related articles FOX Television Network Fox Searchlight Pictures Fox Entertainment Group List of Hollywood movie studios List of movies Variant of current 20th Century Fox logo External links 20th Century Fox Movies official site Twentieth Century Fox is also the punning title of a song by The Doors on their...


Gabriel Toys

CBS entered the video game market briefly, through its acquisition of Gabriel Toys (renamed CBS Toys), publishing several arcade adaptations and original titles under the name CBS Electronics for the Atari 2600 and other consoles and computers. CBS Electronics also distributed all Coleco-related video game products in Canada, including the ColecoVision. CBS later sold Gabriel Toys to View-Master. The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... Coleco (1932 - 1989) was a company founded in 1932 by Maurice Greenberg as Connecticut Leather Company. It became a highly successful toy company in the 1980s, known for its mass-produced version of Cabbage Patch Kids and, to a lesser extent, for its video game consoles Coleco Telstar and ColecoVision. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... View-Master reels from a German Karl May-movie. ...


New owners

By the early 1990s, profits had fallen as a result of competition from cable companies, video rentals, and the high cost of programming. CBS ratings were acceptable, but the network struggled with an image of stodginess. Laurence Tisch lost interest and sought a new buyer.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1554 KB) Summary Crowds outside CBSs Ed Sullivan Theater, awaiting entrance to see the Late Show with David Letterman. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1554 KB) Summary Crowds outside CBSs Ed Sullivan Theater, awaiting entrance to see the Late Show with David Letterman. ... Ed Sullivan. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... Ŝ “Late Show” redirects here. ...

Westinghouse Electric Corporation

In 1995, Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired CBS for $5.4 billion. As one of the major broadcasting group owners of commercial radio and television stations (as Group W) since 1920, Westinghouse sought to transition from a station operator into a major media company with its purchase of CBS. This was followed in 1997 with the $4.9-billion purchase of Infinity Broadcasting Corporation, owner of more than 150 radio stations. Also that year, Westinghouse acquired two cable channels, Gaylord's The Nashville Network (TNN), (now Spike TV), and Country Music Television (CMT). Following the Infinity purchase, the remains of the CBS Radio network was handed to Infinity 's Westwood One subsidiary. CBS also owned CBS Telenoticias, a Spanish-language news network. Westinghouse logo (designed by Paul Rand) The Westinghouse Electric Company, headquartered in Monroeville, Pennsylvania, is an organization founded by George Westinghouse in 1886. ... The Infinity Broadcasting Corporation was one of the largest owners and operators of radio stations in the United States, second only to main rival Clear Channel Communications. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Country Music Television, or CMT as it usually called, is an American country music oriented cable television channel. ... Westwood One, Inc. ...


Still more activity in the busy year of 1997: Westinghouse changed its name to CBS Corporation, and corporate headquarters were moved from Pittsburgh to New York. And to underline the change in emphasis, all non-entertainment assets were put up for sale. Another 90 radio stations were added to Infinity's portfolio in 1998 with the acquisition of American Radio Systems Corporation for $2.6 billion. City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ...


A year later CBS paid $2.5 billion to acquire King World Productions, a television syndication company whose programs include The Oprah Winfrey Show and Wheel of Fortune. By 1999, all pre-CBS elements of Westinghouse's industrial past were gone. King World Productions logo debuted in late 2006. ... The Oprah Winfrey Show (also known as Oprah) is an American nationally syndicated talk show, hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey and is the highest-rated talk show in American television history. ... This article is about the current, syndicated nighttime edition of the U.S. game show, which began in 1983. ...


Viacom

CBS had become a broadcasting giant and in 1999, entertainment conglomerate Viacom, a company long-before created to syndicate old CBS series, announced its was taking over CBS in a deal valued at $37 billion. Following completion of this effort in 2000, Viacom was ranked as the second-largest entertainment company in the world. Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ...


CBS Corporation and CBS Studios

Having assembled all the elements of a communications empire, Viacom found that the promised synergy was not there, and at the end of 2005 it split itself in two. CBS became the center of a new company, CBS Corporation, which included the broadcasting elements, Paramount Television's production operations (renamed CBS Paramount Television), Viacom Outdoor advertising (renamed CBS Outdoor), Showtime, Simon & Schuster, and Paramount Parks, which the company sold in May 2006. Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... CBS Paramount Television (formerly Desilu Productions, Paramount Television, among other companies) is an American television production/distribution company that was formed on January 17, 2006 by CBS Corporation merging Paramount Television and CBS Productions. ... “Advert” redirects here. ... CBS Outdoor is the outdoor advertising division of media conglomerate CBS Corporation. ... Showtime is a subscription television brand used by a number of channels and platforms around the world, but primarily refers to a group of channels in the United States. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... Paramount Parks is an operator of theme parks and attractions, which annually attract about 13 million patrons. ...


The second company, keeping the Viacom name, kept Paramount Pictures (ironically a former share holder in CBS, see above, also owned a stake in the DuMont Television Network, whose Pittsburgh O&O is now CBS-owned KDKA-TV), assorted MTV Networks, BET, and, until May 2007, Famous Music, which was sold to Sony-ATV Music Publishing. The DuMont Television Network was the worlds first commercial television network, beginning operation in the United States in 1946. ... KDKA-TV is the CBS owned and operated (O&O) television station in Pittsburgh. ... Famous Music is a music publisher in the United States. ... Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC is one of the worlds largest music publishing companies. ...


As a result of the aforementioned Viacom/CBS corporate split, as well as other acquisitions over recent years, CBS (under the moniker CBS Studios) owns a massive television library spanning over six decades, including I Love Lucy, The Twilight Zone, The Honeymooners, Hawaii Five-O, Gunsmoke, The Fugitive, Little House on the Prairie, Star Trek, The Brady Bunch, and CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, among others. I Love Lucy is a television situation comedy starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, and featuring Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... The Twilight Zone title. ... For the 2005 film, see The Honeymooners (film). ... Hawaii Five-O is an American television series that starred Jack Lord and James MacArthur as detectives for a fictional Hawaii state police department. ... The cast of radios Gunsmoke: Howard McNear (Doc), William Conrad (Matt), Georgia Ellis (Kitty) and Parley Baer (Chester) Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series created by director Norman MacDonnell and writer John Meston. ... The Fugitive is an American television series produced by QM Productions and United Artists Television that aired on ABC from 1963-1967. ... Little House On The Prairie was an American one-hour dramatic television program that aired on the NBC network from September 11, 1974 to March 21, 1983. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... The Brady Bunch is an American television situation comedy, based around a large blended family. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ...


Both CBS Corporation and the new Viacom are still owned by Sumner Redstone's company, National Amusements.


Corporate tidbits

A.C. Nielsen estimated in 2003 that CBS can be seen in 96.98% of all American households, reaching 103,421,270 homes in the United States. CBS has 204 VHF and UHF affiliated stations in the U.S. and U.S. possessions. CBS is currently the most watched television network in the United States, with the prime draws being the CSI and Survivor franchises. ACNielsen is a U.S. marketing research firm, based in New York City. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ... This article is about the television show. ...


Logos

CBS unveiled its Eye Device logo on October 17, 1951. Prior to that, from the 1940s through 1951, CBS Television used an oval spotlight on the block letters C-B-S. See an illustration of this early logo at http://www.pharis-video.com/cbs-1949.jpg The Eye device was conceived by William Golden based on a Pennsylvania Dutch hex sign as well as a Shaker drawing. First drawn by graphic artist Kurt Weihs, it made its broadcasting debut on October 20, 1951. The following season, as Golden prepared a new ident, CBS President Frank Stanton insisted on keeping the Eye device and using it as much as possible. For other uses, see Eye (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... William Golden is considered to be one of the pioneers of American graphic design. ... The Pennsylvania Dutch (perhaps more strictly Pennsylvania Deitsch or Pennsylvanian German) are the descendants of German immigrants who came to Pennsylvania prior to 1800. ... Hex signs are a form of folk art, thought by some to be of a talismanic nature, found in the Pennsylvania Dutch tradition. ... The Shakers are an offshoot of the Religious Society of Friends (or Quakers) that originated in Manchester, England in the early 18th century. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... William Golden is considered to be one of the pioneers of American graphic design. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Frank Nicholas Stanton (March 20, 1908 – December 24, 2006) served as the president of CBS between 1946 and 1971 and then vice chairman until 1973. ...


An example of CBS Television Network's imaging (and the distinction between the television and radio networks) may be seen in a video of the Jack Benny Program (undated) which aired on the television network. The video appears to be converted from kinescope, and "unscoped" or unedited. One sees the program as very nearly one would have seen it on live television. Don Wilson is the program announcer, but also voices a promo for "Private Secretary", which alternated weekly with Jack Benny on the television network schedule. Benny continued to appear on CBS radio and television at that time, and Wilson makes a promo announcement at the end of the broadcast for Benny's radio program on the CBS Radio Network. The program closes with the "CBS Television Network" ID slide (the "CBS eye" over a field of clouds with the words "CBS Television Network" superimposed over the eye). There is, however, no voiceover accompanying the ID slide. It is unclear whether it was simply absent from the recording or never originally broadcast. See the video at The Jack Benny Program The Jack Benny Program, starring Jack Benny, was a radio-TV comedy series which ran for more than three decades and is generally regarded as a high-water mark in 20th-century comedy. ... Kinescope (IPA: [], []) originally referred to the cathode ray tube used in television monitors. ... Don Wilson (September 1, 1900 – April 25, 1982) was an American announcer and occasional actor in radio and television. ... Jack Benny (February 14, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois – December 26, 1974 in Beverly Hills, California), born Benjamin Kubelsky, was an American comedian, vaudeville performer, and radio, television, and film actor. ... The CBS Radio Network provides news, sports and other programming to more than 1,000 radio stations throughout the United States. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The CBS eye is now an American icon. While the symbol's settings have changed, the Eye device itself has not been redesigned in its entire history. It has frequently been copied or borrowed by television networks around the world, a notable example being Associated TeleVision in the United Kingdom. The logo is alternately known as the Eyemark, which was also the name of CBS's domestic and international syndication divisions in the mid to late 90s before the King World acquisition and Viacom merger. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ...


Programming

CBS presently operates on an 87½-hour regular network programming schedule. It provides 22 hours of prime time programming to affiliated stations: 8-11pm Monday to Saturday (all times ET/PT) and 7-11pm on Sundays. Programming will also be provided 11am-4pm weekdays (The Price Is Right and soaps The Young and the Restless, The Bold and the Beautiful, As the World Turns and Guiding Light); 7-9am weekdays and Saturdays (The Early Show); CBS News Sunday Morning, nightly editions of the CBS Evening News, the Sunday political talk show Face the Nation, a 2½-hour early morning news program Up to the Minute and CBS Morning News; the late night talk shows Late Show with David Letterman and The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson; and a three-hour Saturday morning live-action/animation block under the name KOL Secret Slumber Party on CBS. Prime time is the block of programming on television during the middle of the evening. ... The Price Is Rights US 35th season logo. ... For other uses, see Young and Restless. ... The Bold and the Beautiful (often called Bold or annotated to B&B) is an American television soap opera, created by Lee Phillip Bell and William J. Bell. ... As the World Turns (ATWT) is the second longest-running American television soap opera (the first being Guiding Light),[1] airing each weekday on CBS. Set in the fictional town of Oakdale, Illinois, the show debuted on Monday, April 2, 1956[2] at 1:30pm. ... Guiding Light (known as The Guiding Light prior to 1975, GL) is an American television program credited by the Guinness Book of World Records as being the longest-running soap opera in production and the longest running drama in television history. ... The Early Show is an American television morning news talk show broadcast by CBS from New York City, 7 to 9 a. ... CBS News Sunday Morning is a news show featuring news and feature segments that airs Sunday mornings on CBS. Its hosted by Charles Osgood. ... Face The Nation logo, used until 2002. ... Up To The Minute Logo Up To The Minute (UTTM) is CBSs overnight broadcast which offers hard news, features, interviews, weather, sports, business and commentary. ... CBS Morning News is the half-hour daily television broadcast from CBS News that airs following Up to the Minute. ... Åœ “Late Show” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... KOL Secret Slumber Party, weekends on CBS. KOL Secret Slumber Party on CBS is a three-hour childrens programming block that began September 16, 2006 on CBS, replacing Nick Jr. ...


In addition, sports programming routinely appears on the weekends, although with a somewhat unpredictable schedule (mostly between noon and 7 p.m. ET).


Prime time

Further information: List of programs broadcast by CBS

Returning comedies are in red; new comedies are in pink; returning dramas are in green; new dramas are in blue; returning reality shows are in yellow; new reality shows are in gold; new game shows are in beige; news programming is in brown. This is a list of programs currently, formerly, and soon to be broadcast on CBS. // 48 Hours Mystery (1988-present) 60 Minutes (1968-present) CBS Evening News (1952-present) CBS Morning News (1987-present) CBS News Sunday Morning (1979-present) The Early Show (1954-present) Face the Nation (1954-present...


All times are Eastern and Pacific (subtract one hour for Central and Mountain time). [2] Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... Mountain Standard Time (MST) is UTC-7, Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) is UTC-6 The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-7) during the shortest days of autumn and winter, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time...

7:00 PM 7:30 PM 8:00 PM 8:30 PM 9:00 PM 9:30 PM 10:00 PM 10:30 PM
Sunday 60 Minutes Cold Case Shark
Monday Local Programming How I Met Your Mother The Big Bang Theory Two and a Half Men Rules of Engagement CSI: Miami
Tuesday NCIS The Unit Cane
Wednesday Kid Nation Criminal Minds CSI: NY
Thursday Survivor: China CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Without a Trace
Friday Ghost Whisperer Moonlight NUMB3RS
Saturday Crimetime Saturday Crimetime Saturday 48 Hours Mystery

Mid-Season Shows Included:
This article is about the CBS news magazine. ... For other uses, see Cold case (disambiguation). ... Shark is an American television show that is a part of the new crop of CBS shows in the Fall 2006 line up. ... How I Met Your Mother (HIMYM) is a CBS sitcom that premiered on September 19, 2005. ... The Big Bang Theory is an upcoming American comedy series created and executive produced by Chuck Lorre and Bill Prady. ... Two and a Half Men is an Emmy-nominated television sitcom centered around a freewheeling bachelor, Charlie, whose carefree lifestyle is interrupted when his newly separated brother, Alan, moves in, along with Alans son Jake. ... Rules of Engagement is a sitcom that debuted on CBS on February 5, 2007, as a midseason replacement, immediately following Two and a Half Men, in the time slot that was occupied by The New Adventures of Old Christine. ... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... NCIS is a CBS network show about a team of special agents from the Naval Criminal Investigative Service of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. ... The Unit is an American action-drama television series that focuses on a top-secret special forces team and their missions abroad, in addition to the effect their careers have on their home lives, wives and girlfriends. ... Cane is an upcoming American television drama created by Cynthia Cidre, who also serves as executive producer alongside Jonathan Prince, Jimmy Iovine and Polly Anthony. ... Kid Nation is a reality television show that began airing on the CBS network on September 19, 2007, filling the time slot of the serial drama Jericho. ... Criminal Minds is a crime drama that premiered on CBS on September 22, 2005. ... CSI: NY (working title CSI: New York) is an American police procedural television series which premiered on September 22, 2004. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ... For other uses, see Without a Trace (disambiguation). ... Ghost Whisperer is an American television drama-fantasy-thriller that premiered on CBS September 23, 2005. ... Moonlight is an upcoming American supernatural television drama created by Ron Koslow (creator and executive producer of the TV series Beauty and the Beast) and Trevor Munson for Silver Pictures and Warner Bros. ... Numb3rs (also capitalized as NUMB3RS and pronounced as Numbers) is an American television show produced by brothers Ridley Scott and Tony Scott. ... 48 Hours Logo 48 Hours is a documentary and news program broadcast on the CBS television network since Jan. ...

See also: 2007-08 United States network television schedule

The New Adventures of Old Christine is a CBS situation comedy starring Julia Louis-Dreyfus. ... The Captain is a new comedy television series premiering on CBS in Fall 2007. ... For the Asian version of this program, see The Amazing Race Asia. ... Not to be confused with Powers of Ten. ... This article is about the CBS television drama. ... Swingtown, is a television pilot currently in development for American TV Network CBS which will most likely premiere in the fall 2007 season if it is picked up for a series order. ... Ŝ “Late Show” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... CBS News logo, used from Sept. ... Up To The Minute Logo Up To The Minute (UTTM) is CBSs overnight broadcast which offers hard news, features, interviews, weather, sports, business and commentary. ... NFL redirects here. ... The following article details the developing fall prime time schedules for the United States six major English language broadcast networks. ...

Daytime

As of 2007, CBS airs four daytime soap operas each weekday: The Young and the Restless, The Bold and the Beautiful, As the World Turns, and Guiding Light. While most CBS affiliates air the soaps in this order, some do not. For other uses, see Young and Restless. ... The Bold and the Beautiful (often called Bold or annotated to B&B) is an American television soap opera, created by Lee Phillip Bell and William J. Bell. ... As the World Turns (ATWT) is the second longest-running American television soap opera (the first being Guiding Light),[1] airing each weekday on CBS. Set in the fictional town of Oakdale, Illinois, the show debuted on Monday, April 2, 1956[2] at 1:30pm. ... Guiding Light (known as The Guiding Light prior to 1975, GL) is an American television program credited by the Guinness Book of World Records as being the longest-running soap opera in production and the longest running drama in television history. ...


CBS' daytime schedule is also the home of the popular long-running game show The Price is Right. The Price is Right is notable as the last continuously running daytime game show on network television. This article is about the current version of the U.S. game show. ...


Children's programming

CBS broadcast the live action series Captain Kangaroo on weekday mornings from 1955 through 1982, and on Saturdays through 1984. From 1971 through 1986, the CBS News department produced one-minute In the News segments broadcast between other Saturday morning programs. Otherwise, in regards to children's programming, CBS has aired mostly animated series for kids. Captain Kangaroo was a childrens television series which aired weekday mornings on the American television network CBS from 1955 until 1984, then moved to the American Program Service (now American Public Television, Boston) to air syndicated reruns of past episodes in 1992. ... Ongoing events • Iraqi legislative election • Bill C-38 (Same-sex marriage in Canada) • Tsunami relief • Slovakia Summit 2005 ~ Bush & Putin Deaths in February • 5 – Gnassingbé Eyadéma • 4 – Ossie Davis • 3 – Ernst Mayr • 3 – Zurab Zhvania • 2...


By 2000, CBS began contracting out to other companies to provide programming and material for their Saturday morning schedule, The first of these special blocks was The CBS Kids Show, which featured programming from Canada's Nelvana studio. It aired on CBS Saturday mornings during 2000 and 2001, with shows like Anatole, Rescue Heroes, Flying Rhino Junior High, etc. It's common phrase was "The CBS Kids Show, Get in the act." Nelvana Limited is a Canadian entertainment company, founded in 1971, that is well-known for its work in childrens animation, among many things. ... Anatole is the title character in a series of childrens books written by Eve Titus and illustrated by Paul Galdone. ... The Fisher-Price Rescue Heroes logo Rescue Heroes is a line of toys from Fisher Price designed for children, depicting various rescue personnel and their equipment. ... Flying Rhino Junior High is a cartoon series involving 4 children, Billie O Tool, Marcus Snarkus, Ruby Snarkus, and Lidia Lopez that try to stop a villain named Earl (Phantom, who creates an evil scheme in evil episode) and Earls pet rat, Ratticus. ...


In 2000, CBS's deal with Nelvana ended; the CBS Kids Show block was replaced with another block of programming from a network which, at the time, was in the same family as CBS -- Nick Jr. on CBS. Nick Jr. ...


In 2001, CBS began a deal with Nickelodeon (owned by CBS's former parent company Viacom, which at one time was a subsidiary of CBS) to air its original programming under the banner Nick on CBS. In 2004, CBS changed the lineup by going for the somewhat undercourted preschool market by switching its lineup from programming from Nickelodeon back to Nick Jr. In 2006, after the Viacom-CBS split (as described above), CBS decided to discontinue the Nick Jr. lineup in favor of a lineup of programs produced by DiC, as part of a 3-year deal which includes distribution of selected Formula One auto races on tape delay. [3] This article is about the TV channel. ... Nick Jr. ... DIC can refer to: Diploma of Imperial College Dubai International Capital DIC Entertainment In chemistry, Diisopropylcarbodiimide Disseminated intravascular coagulation This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


CBS has selected six programs to be broadcast on KOL Secret Slumber Party on CBS. Two are new shows, one aired in syndication in 2005 and three are pre-2006 shows. The schedule was later confirmed [4] and Madeline, Sabrina: The Animated Series and Trollz were selected as the pre-2006 programs to be aired in September 2006. In mid-2007, KOL withdrew sponsership from CBS's Saturday Morning Block and the nane was changed to KEWLopolis on CBS. Complimenting CBS's 2007 line-up will be Care Bears, Strawberry Shortcake, and Sushi Pack. KOL Secret Slumber Party, weekends on CBS. KOL Secret Slumber Party on CBS is a three-hour childrens programming block that began September 16, 2006 on CBS, replacing Nick Jr. ... For other uses, see Madeleine (disambiguation). ... Trollz is also a name of the fictional band in Terry Pratchetts Discworld novel, Soul Music. ... The year 2006 in television involved some significant events. ... The ten original Care Bears in the logo for the 1980s franchise, with Tenderheart Bear at top. ... An original Strawberry Shortcake poster Strawberry Shortcake is a licensed character owned by American Greetings, originally used in greeting cards and expanded to include dolls, posters, and other products. ...


International broadcasts

CBS is not shown outside North and Central America on a channel in its own right. However, CBS News is shown for a few hours a day on satellite channel Orbit News in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. The CBS Evening News is shown in the UK on Sky News, despite the fact that Sky is part of News Corporation (owners of Fox News). Orbit News is a 24 hour satellite and cable channel offering American news programming to viewers abroad, primarily geared towards an Arab audience. ... Sky News is a 24-hour British domestic and international television news channel that started broadcasting on 16 February 1989 as part of the then four-channel Sky Television service. ... 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: NWS, LSE: NCRA) is one of the worlds largest Media conglomerates. ... Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ...


In Australia, Network Ten has rights as a CBS affiliate carrying the programs Jericho, Dr. Phil, Late Show with David Letterman, NCIS and NUMB3RS as well access to stories from 60 Minutes. Network Ten, or Channel Ten, is one of Australias three commercial television networks, available in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth in Australia. ... This article is about the CBS television drama. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Ŝ “Late Show” redirects here. ... NCIS is a CBS network show about a team of special agents from the Naval Criminal Investigative Service of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. ... Numb3rs (also capitalized as NUMB3RS and pronounced as Numbers) is an American television show produced by brothers Ridley Scott and Tony Scott. ... This article is about the CBS news magazine. ...


In Bermuda, there is a CBS affiliate owned by the state-run Bermuda Broadcasting Company using the callsigns ZBM. The Bermuda Broadcasting Company is the largest broadcasting company in Bermuda. ... The Bermuda Broadcasting Company is the largest broadcasting company in Bermuda. ...


In Canada, CBS, like all major American TV networks, is carried in the basic program package of all cable and satellite providers. The broadcast is shown exactly the same in Canada as in the United States. As well, many Canadians live close enough to a major American city to pick up the over the air broadcast signal of an American CBS affiliate with an antenna.


Criticism

In 1982, the network aired the documentary The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception, suggesting General William Westmoreland deliberately misled the public about the Vietnam War in order to maintain public support. Westmoreland filed a 120 million dollar libel suit that was ultimately settled in exchange for an on-air clarification. However, an internal study found that the documentary had violated CBS News Standards. [5] The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception was a television programme aired by CBS in 1985, which asserted that General William Westmoreland deliberately gave false information regarding battle outcomes for sake of improving troop morale. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... William C. Westmoreland (March 26, 1914 – July 18, 2005) was an American General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968 and who served as US Army Chief of Staff from 1968 to 1972. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


In 2004, the FCC imposed a record $550,000 fine on CBS for its broadcast of a Super Bowl half-time show (produced by then sister-unit MTV) in which singer Janet Jackson's breast was briefly exposed. It was the largest fine ever for a violation of federal decency laws. Following the incident CBS apologized to its viewers and denied foreknowledge of the event, which was broadcast live on TV. The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American actress, singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, activist, and pop icon. ...


CBS suffered another embarrassment in September of that year, when the network aired a controversial episode of its newsmagazine, 60 Minutes, which questioned U.S. President George W. Bush's service in the National Guard.[6] Following allegations of forgery, CBS News admitted that documents used in the story had not been properly authenticated. The following January, CBS fired four people connected to the preparation of the news-segment.[7] A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events. ... This article is about the CBS news magazine. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The United States National Guard is a reserve forces component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... One of the Killian documents. ...


In 2006, CBS announced it would air only three of its NFL games per week in high definition. The move created some outrage among fans, with some accusing the network of being "cheap."[3] See main article: NFL on CBS HDTV coverage The NFL on CBS is the brand name of the CBS television networks coverage of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference games, produced by CBS Sports. ...


In 2007, retired Army Major Gen. John Batiste, consultant to CBS News, appeared in a political ad for VoteVets.org critical of President Bush and the war in Iraq.[8] Two days later, CBS stated that appearing in the ad violated Batiste's contract with them and the agreement was terminated.[4] Major General John Batiste is a retired officer of the United States Army. ... CBS News logo, used from Sept. ... // VoteVets. ...


See also

CBS Kids was the Saturday morning childrens portion of the CBS. In the 1990s, Nick Jr. ... CBS News logo, used from Sept. ... CBS Sports is a division of CBS which airs many of the sports telecasts in the United States. ... CBS Television Distribution is a United States and Global television distribution company, a merger of the television distribution arms of CBS Paramount Domestic Television, CBS Paramount International Television and King World. ... The CBS Television Network is an American television network made up of 17 owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates. ... The CBS Television Network is an American television network made up of 17 owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates. ... The following is a list of major assets owned by CBS Corporation: // Radio Networks CBS Radio (manages Westwood One Radio Network) Metro Networks Radio Stations CBS Radio (owns and operates over 180 stations) Internet CBS Digital Media SportsLine. ... This is a list of programs currently, formerly, and soon to be broadcast on CBS. // 48 Hours Mystery (1988-present) 60 Minutes (1968-present) CBS Evening News (1952-present) CBS Morning News (1987-present) CBS News Sunday Morning (1979-present) The Early Show (1954-present) Face the Nation (1954-present... 1956: The stars address is CBS. 1967: In the Winners Circle 1970: We Put It All Together 1971: Where The Good Times Are 1972: Have We Got a Fall/Show/Lot/ For You 1973: The Best is Right Here on CBS aka CBS is Easy on the Eyes 1974... This does not cite any references or sources. ... An early cable network operated by CBS, Inc. ...

Notes on sources

  • Auletta, Ken. Three Blind Mice: How the TV Networks Lost Their Way. New York: Vintage, 1992.
  • Bagdikian, Ben H. The New Media Monopoly. Boston: Beacon Press, 2000.
  • Barnouw, Erik. A Tower in Babel: A History of Broadcasting in the United States to 1933. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • Barnouw, Erik. The Golden Web: A History of Broadcasting in the United States, 1933-1953. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.
  • Epstein, Edward J. News From Nowhere.
  • Goldberg, Bernard. Bias: A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distorts the News. Washington, D.C.: Regenery, 2002.
  • Robinson, Michael J. and Sheehan, Margaret. Over the Wire and On TV: CBS and the UPI Campaign of 1980. Russell Sage Foundation, 1980.
  • Matusow, Barbara. The Evening Stars. New York: Ballantine Books, 1984.
  • Smith, Sally Bedell. In All His Glory, The Life of William S. Paley, the Legendary Tycoon and His Brilliant Circle. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990.
  • Paley, William. As It Happened, a Memoir. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1979.
  • Kisseloff, Jeff. The Box: An Oral History of Television, 1920-1961. New York: Viking, 1995.

References

  1. ^ Westinghouse Bids for Role In the Remake : CBS Deal Advances TV's Global Reach.
  2. ^ According to a New York Times piece on November 9, 1950, "the first local public demonstrations of color television will be initiated Tuesday by the Columbia Broadcasting System. Ten color receivers are being installed on the ground floor of the former Tiffany building at 401 Fifth Avenue, near Thirty-seventh Street, where several hundred persons can be accommodated for each presentation."
  3. ^ CBS: The 'C' Stands For Cheap.
  4. ^ Brian Montopoli (2007-05-11). CBS News Asks Batiste To Step Down As Consultant. CBS News. Retrieved on 2007-05-12.

] The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


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