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Encyclopedia > Cölln

This article is about Cölln on an island of the Spree. Cölln is also an old spelling for Köln on the Rhine, for this city see The article about perfume can be found at Eau de Cologne. Map of Germany showing Cologne Cologne (German: Köln [kœln]) (population 965,954 as of December 31, 2003), is the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the North Rhine-Westphalia state. It is the... Cologne.


Originally Cölln was the sister town of old Berlin ( pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,387,404 inhabitants (as of September 2004); down from 4.5 million before World War II. It is also the second-largest city in the European Union after London. From 1949 to 1990 it was divided... Berlin located on the southern River Spree in Berlin at the eastern harbour (Osthafen) with the Badeschiff bath The Spree (Slavic Špreva) is a river in Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin, Germany. It is a tributary of the Havel river and 403 km in length. The source is located in the Lusatian Hills (Lausitzer Bergland... Spree island in The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany's Berlin is the capital city of Germany. Origin What is now Berlin, in ancient times lay well outside the frontiers of the Roman Empire. Eastern Germanic peoples then inhabited the region; during the post-Roman Migration Era, they departed for other lands. Starting in the 6th century Slavic peoples from... Mark Brandenburg of the 12th century. Today this twin city zone is located in the center of modern Berlin in the vicinity of the Old Museum (June 2003) Museum Island (or, in German, Museumsinsel) in Berlin, Germany, is the name of the northern half of an island in the Spree river, in the center of the city. The island received its name for several internationally renowned museums that are now occupying all of the... Museum Island.


With the date October 28th, 1237 Cölln is first documentary mentioned, Berlin in 1244. Both towns were only separated by the river Spree, hence there were cooperations right from the start. Since the trade road from View of Magdeburg with the cathedral, from the tower of the Johanniskirche Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, lies on the Elbe river. As of 2004 it had a population of 226,200. History Magdeburg was one of the most important medieval cities of Germany... Magdeburg to the East crosses the twin town and the inland water-transport also ended there, Cölln/Berlin quickly came to prosperity.


A common policy of Berlin and Cölln led 1308 to a first alliance with other towns in the Mark to preserve their rights against the sovereign and for defense. The Elector This article is about Frederick II of Brandenburg. There is also an article on Friedrich II of Prussia. (18th Century) Frederick II the Iron (sometimes Irontooth) (1413-1470) of the Hohenzollern dynasty, was margrave of Brandenburg, from 1440 until his abdication in 1470. His brothers included John the Alchemist, and... Friedrich II ended the autonomy of Cölln/Berlin and declared the twin town to his residence in 1451. In 1709 the twin cities Cölln and old Berlin merged together to one real city with one administration which was the base of today's Berlin. As old Berlin was twice as big as Cölln at that time, the merged city was named Berlin.


 
 

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