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Encyclopedia > César Cui

César Antonovitch Cui (Russian: Цезарь Антонович Кюи) (January 6/18, 1835March 13, 1918) was a Russian composer and music critic of French and Lithuanian descent. He was a member of The Five, the group of Russian composers under the leadership of Mily Balakirev dedicated to the production of a specifically Russian brand of music. January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Music is an art, entertainment, or other human activity which involves organized sound, though definitions may vary. ... A critic (derived from the ancient Greek word krites meaning a judge) is a person who offers a value judgement or an interpretation. ... The Mighty Handful (Moguchaya Kuchka / Могучая Кучка in Russian), better known as The Five in English-speaking countries, was a label applied in 1867 by the critic Vladimir Stasov to a loose collection of Russian classical composers brought together under the leadership of Mily Balakirev with the aim of producing... Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev (Russian Милий Алексеевич Бала́кирев) (January 2, 1837 – May 29, 1910) was a Russian composer. ...


Cui was born in Vilnius, now in Lithuania. He received piano lessons and instruction in music theory as a child, but after leaving school he entered Saint Petersburg's School of Military Engineering, and began a military career. He became an expert on fortifications. It was in 1857, when Cui met Mily Balakirev, that he became more seriously involved with music, becoming a member of what would eventually be constituted and known as The Five. Vilnius Old Town Vilnius (sometimes also Vilna in English, Belarusian Вільня, Polish Wilno, Russian Вильнюс, German Wilna, see also Cities alternative names) is the capital and largest city of Lithuania with population in excess of 540 thousand (in 2003). ... This article is about the modern musical instrument. ... Music theory is a set of systems for analyzing, classifying, and composing music and the elements of music. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev (Russian Милий Алексеевич Бала́кирев) (January 2, 1837 – May 29, 1910) was a Russian composer. ... The Mighty Handful (Moguchaya Kuchka / Могучая Кучка in Russian), better known as The Five in English-speaking countries, was a label applied in 1867 by the critic Vladimir Stasov to a loose collection of Russian classical composers brought together under the leadership of Mily Balakirev with the aim of producing...


Even though he was composing music and writing music criticism in his spare time, Cui turned out to be an extremely prolific composer and writer. In addition to many piano and chamber pieces, numerous choruses, several orchestral works, and hundreds of songs, he seems to have put his greatest hope in his operas, of which he composed fifteen. In 1869 the first public performance of an opera by Cui took place; this was his William Ratcliff (based on the tragedy by Heinrich Heine); but it did not have success after eight performances, partially because of the harshness of his own writings in the music press. All but one of his operas were composed to Russian texts; the one exception, Le Flibustier (on a play by Jean Richepin), premiered at the Opera-Comique in Paris in 1894, but was not a success, either, primarily because of the vogue for Richard Wagner. Cui's more successful stage works during his lifetime were the one-act comic opera The Mandarin's Son (publically premiered in 1878), the three-act Prisoner of the Caucasus (1883), based on Pushkin, and the one-act Mademoiselle Fifi (1903), based on Maupassant. This article is about opera as an art form. ... Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (December 13, 1797 - February 17, 1856) was one of the most significant German romantic poets. ... Jean Richepin (February 4, 1849 - December 12, 1926), French poet, novelist and dramatist, the son of an army doctor, was born at Medea (Algeria). ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 – February 13, 1883) was an influential German composer, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his groundbreaking symphonic-operas (or music dramas). His compositions are notable for their continuous contrapuntal texture, rich harmonies and orchestration, and elaborate use of leitmotifs: themes associated... Pushkin may refer to: People Aleksandr Pushkin - a famous Russian poet Apollo Mussin-Pushkin - chemist and plant collector Aleksei Musin-Pushkin - statesman, historian, art collector Other Pushkin, a town in Russia Pushkin Square - square in Moscow Pushkin Museum - fine arts museum in Moscow This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Henri-René-Albert-Guy de Maupassant (IPA: ɡi də mopasɑ̃) (August 5, 1850 - July 6, 1893) was a French writer. ...


As a writer on music, Cui contributed almost 800 articles between 1864 and 1918 (mostly during 1864-1900) to various newspapers and other publications in Russia and Europe. Several of his themed sets of articles were reissued as monographs: Kol'tso Nibelungov (The Nibelung Ring, 1876); La musique en Russie (1880); Russkii romans (The Russian Romance, 1896).


As to Cui's current status, in the last few decades one of his children's opera (of which he composed four) entitled Puss-in-Boots (from Perrault) has had wide appeal in Germany. Nevertheless, despite the fact that more and more of Cui's music is being made available in recent years in recordings (including his short opera Feast in Time of Plague, from Pushkin), his status today in the repertoire is considerably small, based (in the West) primarily on some of his piano and chamber music (such as the violin and piano piece called Orientale (op. 50, No. 9)) and a number of solo songs. The received wisdom that he is not a particularly talented composer, at least for large genres, has been cited as a cause for this state of affairs. Charles Perrault, 1665 Charles Perrault (January 12, 1628 - May 16, 1703) was a French author. ... Pushkin may refer to: People Aleksandr Pushkin - a famous Russian poet Apollo Mussin-Pushkin - chemist and plant collector Aleksei Musin-Pushkin - statesman, historian, art collector Other Pushkin, a town in Russia Pushkin Square - square in Moscow Pushkin Museum - fine arts museum in Moscow This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart. ... This article is about the modern musical instrument. ...


Cui's works are not so nationalistic as those of the other members of The Five; with the exception of Pushkin, his operas do not display a strong attraction to Russian sources, but he did write innumerable songs and choruses to texts by Russian composers. His style is more often compared to Robert Schumann and to French composers than to Mikhail Glinka or to Cui's Russian contemporaries. However, his work as a critic did help to promote the works of the other, now better remembered, members. Pushkin may refer to: People Aleksandr Pushkin - a famous Russian poet Apollo Mussin-Pushkin - chemist and plant collector Aleksei Musin-Pushkin - statesman, historian, art collector Other Pushkin, a town in Russia Pushkin Square - square in Moscow Pushkin Museum - fine arts museum in Moscow This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Robert Schumann (June 8, 1810 – July 29, 1856) was a German composer and pianist in the Romantic period of Classical music. ... Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Михаи́л Ива́нович Гли́нка) (June 1, 1804 – February 15, 1857) was a Russian composer. ...


Cui died on March 13, 1918 and was buried next to his wife Mal'vina, who had died in 1899, at the Lutheran Semetary in Smolensk. In 1939 his body was reinterred in Tikhvin Cemetery at the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, St. Petersburg, Russia to lie beside the other members of The Five. March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Tikhvin Cemetery (Тихвинское кладбище) is located at the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, in St. ... Saint Petersburg  listen (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of... The Mighty Handful (Moguchaya Kuchka / Могучая Кучка in Russian), better known as The Five in English-speaking countries, was a label applied in 1867 by the critic Vladimir Stasov to a loose collection of Russian classical composers brought together under the leadership of Mily Balakirev with the aim of producing...


The most recent full-length biography of Cui is A.F. Nazarov's Tsezar' Antonovich Kiui (Moskva: Muzyka, 1989).


 
 

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