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Encyclopedia > Bytom
Bytom
Flag of Bytom Coat of arms of Bytom
(Flag) (Coat of arms)
Location of Bytom
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
Municipal government Rada Miasta Bytom
Mayor Krzysztof Wójcik
Area 69,3 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

198 000
-
2856/km²
Founded -
City rights 1254
Latitude
Longitude
50°23' N
18°54' E
Area code +48 32
Car plates SY
Twin towns -
Municipal Website

Bytom (['bitɔm] ; German: Beuthen) is a city in southern Poland with 205,560 inhabitants (1999). Since 1999 it has been situated in the Silesian Voivodship, previously lying in the Katowice Voivodship (1975-1998). Image File history File links Bytom_flaga. ... Image File history File links Bytom_herb. ... Bytom (pronounce: [bitÉ”m], German: Beuthen) is a city in southern Poland with 205,560 inhabitants (1999). ... Image File history File links POL_Bytom_map. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, CzÄ™tochowa and Bielsko-BiaÅ‚a voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Image File history File links Bytom. ... Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, CzÄ™tochowa and Bielsko-BiaÅ‚a voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). ... Katowice Voivodship (Polish: województwo katowickie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Silesian Voivodship. ...

Contents

History

Bytom is one of the oldest cities of Upper Silesia, having been known as Bitom in 1136 and Beuthen in 1450. It received city rights in 1254 and grew owing to its location on a strategic crossroads. In 1259 it was raided by the Mongols. Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ... Mongols (Mongolian: Монгол Mongol) are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China or more specifically on the Central Asian plateau north of the Gobi desert and south of Siberia. ...


Bytom was moved from hand to hand as the time went by. It belonged originally to the Kingdom of Poland and became the seat of a Slavic duchy from 1281-1355. Bytom was administered by the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1289. Due to German settlers coming to the area, the city was slowly Germanised and became known as Beuthen. It came under Austrian Habsburg rule in 1526, which increased influence of the German language. The city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 and part of the German Empire in 1871. In 1945 it was transferred to Poland as a result of the Potsdam Conference. Its German population was largely expelled by the Polish and Soviet armies. The Kingdom of Poland during period of fragmentation was the Polish state in the years between the death of BolesÅ‚aw III the Wrymouth in 1138 and the coronation of WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I the Elbow-high in 1320. ... Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia - 1892, then part of Austria_Hungary The Czech lands (in Czech: České země) or Czechia (in Czech: Česko) is an auxiliary term used for Bohemia + Moravia + Czech part of Silesia + other territories that were parts of the Kingdom of Bohemia (Lands of the Bohemian... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I   Capital Berlin Language(s) German (official) Polish (Posen, Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871-1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Clement Atlee, Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ... Germans expelled from the Sudetenland // The flight and expulsion of Germans after World War II refers to the escape and mass deportation of people considered Germans (both Reichsdeutsche and Volksdeutsche) from Soviet-occupied areas of Europe during 1945 and in the first three years after World War II 1946-48. ...


Bytom is an average post-industrial city. The majority of its coal mines are now closed, while steel mills are slowly fading. The city is struggling to transfer its profile from industry to services. Bytom cooperates with two cities with more or less the same problems: Recklinghausen in Germany, and Butte-Silver Bow, United States. The city has a considerable unemployment rate, but it is centered in the poorest part of city, Bobrek. A post-industrial society is a proposed name for an economy that has undergone a specific series of changes in structure after a process of industrialization. ... Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the mining of coal. ... The old Steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is sometimes described as a sea of electrons. ... Recklinghausen is a city in the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Uptown Butte Butte is a city that is in Silver Bow County, Montana and is the county seat. ...


Symbols of City

Flag

Coat of arms

Left half of Coat of Arms shows a miner getting out the coal. Right half presents yellow eagle on the blue field - the symbol of Upper Silesia. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...


Education

  • Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomii i Administracji
  • Silesian University Of Technology - Faculty of Transport

Politics

Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency The Sejm building in Warsaw. ...

  • Jan Chojnacki, SLD-UP
  • Stanisław Dulias, Samoobrona
  • Andrzej Gałażewski, PO
  • Ewa Janik, SLD-UP
  • Józef Kubica, SLD-UP
  • Wacław Martyniuk, SLD-UP
  • Wiesław Okoński, SLD-UP
  • Wojciech Szarama, PiS
  • Krystyna Szumilas, PO
  • Marek Widuch, SLD-UP

External links

  • Municipality of Bytom
  • Old postcards from Bytom
  • Customs House of Bytom
  • Pictures and history of Bytom


Silesian Voivodship

Cities: Bielsko-Biała | Bytom | Chorzów | Częstochowa | Dąbrowa Górnicza | Gliwice | Jastrzębie Zdrój | Jaworzno | Katowice | Mysłowice | Piekary Śląskie | Ruda Śląska | Rybnik | Siemianowice Śląskie | Sosnowiec | Świętochłowice | Tychy | Zabrze | Żory
Powiats: Będzin | Bielsko | Bieruń-Lędziny | Cieszyn | Częstochowa | Gliwice | Kłobuck | Lubliniec | Mikołów | Myszków | Pszczyna | Racibórz | Rybnik | Tarnowskie Góry | Wodzisław | Zawiercie | Żywiec Image File history File links ÅšlÄ…skie_herb. ... Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, CzÄ™tochowa and Bielsko-BiaÅ‚a voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). ... Bielsko-BiaÅ‚a (pronounce: [[Media:Bielsko-Biala. ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government UrzÄ…d Miasta Chorzów Mayor Marek Kopel Area 33,5 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 117 430 - 2856/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 50°18 N 18°57 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SH Twin towns - Municipal Website Chorzów... CzÄ™stochowa ( , German: ) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). ... DÄ…browa Górnicza (pronounce: [dɔ̃brÉ”vagurniʧa]) is a city in southern Poland with 140,000 inhabitants (1999) and a territory of 177 km², in a region called ZagÅ‚Ä™bie DÄ…browskie. ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska Gliwic Mayor Zygmunt Frankiewicz Area 134,2 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 200,361 (December 31, 2004) - 1528/km² Founded City rights 1276 - Latitude Longitude 50°17 N 18°40 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SG Twin towns Bottrop, Dessau... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miasta Jastrzebie Zdrój Mayor Marian Janecki Area 88,4 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 102,294 - -/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 49°57 N 18°35 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SJZ Twin towns - Municipal Website Jastrzebie Zdroj Jastrz... Jaworzno is a town in southern Poland with 98,500 inhabitants (1995). ... Panorama of Katowice at night Katowice (pronunciation: [] (Czech: Katovice, German: Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the KÅ‚odnica and Rawa rivers. ... MysÅ‚owice (German Myslowitz) is a town in south Poland with 80,000 inhabitants (1995). ... Piekary ÅšlÄ…skie is a town in south Poland with 67,200 inhabitants (1995). ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska Ruda ÅšlÄ…ska Mayor Andrzej Stania Area 77,7 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 149 000 - 1910/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 50°16 N 18°42 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SRS Twin towns - Municipal Website Ruda Åšl... Rybnik (pronounced: [ribnik]) is a city in southern Poland, in the Silesian Voivodship, close to the border with the Czech Republic, about 290 km south of the Polish capital Warsaw (Warszawa) and about 100 km west of Kraków, on the southern outskirts of the Upper Silesian industrial and metropolitan... Siemianowice ÅšlÄ…skie is a town in south Poland with 78,100 inhabitants (1995). ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska Sosnowiec Mayor Kazimierz Górski Area 91,2 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 231 540 2. ... ÅšwiÄ™tochÅ‚owice (pronunciation: [ˌɕvjɔ̃tÉ”xwɔˈviʦɛ]) is a town in south Poland with 55,500 inhabitants (2005). ... Motto: Tychy - a good place Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada miasta Tychy Mayor Andrzej Dziuba Area 82,63 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 132 600 na 1 608/km² Founded City rights 1467 1951 Latitude Longitude 50°08 N 18°59 E Area code +48 32 Car plates ST Twin... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska w Zabrzu Mayor Jerzy GoÅ‚ubowicz Area 80,43 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 194. ... Å»ory (read:[:Zho-ree]) is a town in south Poland with 62,800 inhabitants (2004). ... BÄ™dzin County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Bielsko County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... BieruÅ„-LÄ™dziny County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Cieszyn Powiat (in Polish powiat cieszyÅ„ski) is an administrative district in Polands Silesian Voivodship. ... CzÄ™stochowa County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Gliwice County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... KÅ‚obuck County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Lubliniec County (in Polish powiat lubliniecki) is an administrative district in Polands Silesian Voivodship. ... Mikołów County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Myszków County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Pszczyna County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Racibórz County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Rybnik County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Tarnowskie Góry County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... WodzisÅ‚aw County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Zawiercie County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ... Å»ywiec County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Silesian Voivodeship. ...

Coordinates: 50°23′N 18°54′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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