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Encyclopedia > Byronic hero

The Byronic hero is an idealized, but flawed, character exemplified in the life and writings of Lord Byron, characterized by his ex-lover Lady Caroline Lamb as being "mad, bad and dangerous to know".[1] The Byronic hero first appears in Byron's semi-autobiographical epic narrative poem Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812-18). The Byronic hero has the following characteristics: “Byron” redirects here. ... Lady Caroline Lamb The Lady Caroline Lamb (13 November 1785–26 January 1828) was a British aristocrat, the only daughter of the 3rd Earl of Bessborough. ... This Side Of Paradise by F. Scott Fitzgerald, a famous example of an autobiographical novel An autobiographical novel is a novel based on the life of the author. ... Childe Harolds Pilgrimage by J.M.W. Turner, 1823. ...

  • conflicting emotions, bipolar tendencies, or moodiness
  • self-critical and introspective
  • struggles with integrity
  • a distaste for social institutions and social norms
  • being an exile, an outcast, or an outlaw
  • has "dark" attributes not normally associated with heroes
  • struggle with sexual identity (homosexual, sleeps with many women, etc.)
  • a lack of respect for rank and privilege
  • a troubled past
  • being cynical, demanding, and/or arrogant
  • often self-destructive
  • loner, often rejected from society

The literary predecessors of the Byronic hero in English can be traced back to Milton's interpretation of Lucifer as having a justified complaint against God, and to the villains and tyrants of Gothic fiction. For other uses, see Bipolar. ... A mood disorder is a condition whereby the prevailing emotional mood is distorted or inappropriate to the circumstances. ... This article is about the ethical concept. ... Antisocial personality disorder (abbreviated APD or ASPD) is a psychiatric diagnosis in the DSM-IV-TR recognizable by the disordered individuals disregard for social rules and norms, impulsive behavior, and indifference to the rights and feelings of others. ... Outcast is an action-adventure computer game by Belgian developer Appeal, released in 1999 by publisher Infogrames. ... For other senses of this word, see outlaw (disambiguation). ... Egalitarianism (derived from the French word égal, meaning equal or level) is a political doctrine that holds that all people should be treated as equals from birth. ... Cynicism was originally the philosophy of a group of ancient Greeks called the Cynics (main article), founded by Antisthenes. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Self-loathing in general refers to an extreme dislike of oneself or of oneselfs characteristics, often a symptom of Depression; in this sense, it is more or less synonymous with self-hatred, although neither are clinical terms. ... Look up Loner in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other persons named John Milton, see John Milton (disambiguation). ... This article is about the star or fallen angel. ... Strawberry Hill, an English villa in the Gothic revival style, built by seminal Gothic writer Horace Walpole Gothic fiction is an important genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance. ...


After Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, the Byronic hero made an appearance in many of Byron's other works, including his series of poems on Oriental themes: The Giaour (1813), The Corsair (1814) and Lara (1814); and his closet play Manfred (1817). Combat of the Giaour and the Pasha Painted by Eugène Delacroix (1827) The Giaour is a poem by Lord Byron first published in 1813 and the first in the series of his Oriental romances. ... The Corsair was a semi-autobiographical tale about a pirate written by Lord Byron, which was extremely popular and influential in its day (it sold ten thousand copies on its first day of sale. ... Lara may refer to: Places: Lara State, a Venezuelan state. ... A closet drama is a piece of literature written in a dramatic form that is not intended to be performed by actors. ... Scene from Manfred by Thomas Cole Manfred is a dramatic poem written in 1816-1817 by Lord Byron; it contains supernatural elements, in keeping with the popularity of the ghost story in England at the time. ...


Byron's influence was manifested by many authors and artists of the Romantic movement and by writers of Gothic fiction during the 19th century. The Byronic hero provides the title character of Glenarvon (1816), by Byron's erstwhile lover Lady Caroline Lamb, and The Vampyre (1819) by Polidori. Heathcliff from Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights (1847) and Rochester from Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre (1847) are other examples. Wanderer above the Sea of Fog by Caspar David Friedrich Romanticism is an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated around the middle of the 18th century in Western Europe, during the Industrial Revolution. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lady Caroline Lamb The Lady Caroline Lamb (13 November 1785–26 January 1828) was a British aristocrat, the only daughter of the 3rd Earl of Bessborough. ... The Vampyre is a short novel written by John William Polidori and is a progenitor of the romantic vampire genre of fantasy fiction. ... John William Polidori (September 7, 1795 - August 24, 1821) is credited by some as the creator of the vampire genre of fantasy fiction. ... Emily Jane Brontë (July 30, 1818 – December 19, 1848) was a British novelist and poet, now best remembered for her only novel Wuthering Heights, a classic of English literature. ... For other uses, see Wuthering Heights (disambiguation). ... Charlotte Brontë (IPA: ) (April 21, 1816 – March 31, 1855) was an English novelist and the eldest of the three Brontë sisters whose novels have become timeless pieces of English literature. ... This article is about the Victorian novel. ...


A more subdued example of the Byronic Hero is John Willoughby in Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility. It is shown through his behaviour towards Marianne at the end of the book his conflicting emotions and moodiness, as well as his distate for social institutions in the way he takes off with Marianne on his horse unsupervised and has no care for her reputation when their behaviour is questioned. His unmentionable sin is his affair with Miss Williams, getting her pregnant and then leaving her.


Scholars have also drawn parallels between the Byronic Hero and the solipsistic heroes of Russian literature. In particular, Alexander Pushkin's famed character, Eugene Onegin echoes many of the attributes seen in "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage," particularly, Onegin's solitary brooding and disrespect for traditional privilege. The first stages of Pushkin's poetic novel "Onegin" appeared twelve years after Byron's "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage', and Byron was of obvious influence ( Vladimir Nabokov argued in his "Commentary to Eugene Onegin" that Pushkin had read Byron during his years in exile just prior to composing "Onegin"). The same character themes continued to influence Russian literature, particularly after Mikhail Lermontov invigorated the Byronic Hero through the character Pechorin in his 1839 novel A Hero of Our Time. Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин, IPA: ,  ) (June 6 [O.S. May 26] 1799 – February 10 [O.S. January 29] 1837) was a Russian Romantic author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet[1][2][3][4] and the founder of modern Russian literature. ... Eugene Onegin (Russian: Евгений Онегин, BGN/PCGN: Yevgeniy Onegin) is a novel in verse written by Aleksandr Pushkin. ... Childe Harolds Pilgrimage by J.M.W. Turner, 1823. ... Onegin is a 1999 film adaptation of Aleksandr Pushkins novel in verse Yevgeny Onegin. ... Childe Harolds Pilgrimage by J.M.W. Turner, 1823. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... Onegin is a 1999 film adaptation of Aleksandr Pushkins novel in verse Yevgeny Onegin. ... Mikhail Lermontov in 1837 Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (Михаил Юрьевич Лермонтов), (October 15, 1814–July 27, 1841), a Russian Romantic writer and poet, sometimes called the poet of the Caucasus, was the most important presence in the Russian poetry from Alexander Pushkins death until his own four years later, at the age... A Hero of Our Time (Russian: ) is a short novel by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1839 and revised in 1841. ...


The Byronic hero is also featured in many different contemporary novels, and it is clear that Lord Byron's work continues to influence modern literature as the precursor of a commonly encountered type of anti-hero. The lead character, Stephen Dedalus of James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is one of the more notorious recent heroes of this genre. This article is homosexual and should be burned the second in a series of The History of Literature. ... In literature and film, an anti-hero is a central or supporting character that has some of the personality flaws and ultimate fortune traditionally assigned to villains but nonetheless also have enough heroic qualities or intentions to gain the sympathy of readers or viewers. ... Stephen Dedalus was James Joyces early pen name and the name of the main character of his early novel Stephen Hero. ... James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (Irish Séamus Seoighe; 2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish expatriate writer, widely considered to be one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. ... A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is a semi-autobiographical novel by James Joyce, first serialized in The Egoist from 1914 to 1915 and published in book form in 1916. ...


See also

For other uses, see Hero (disambiguation). ... Hamartia (Ancient Greek: ) is used in Aristotles Poetics, where it is usually translated as a mistake, flaw, failure, fault, or sin. ... In literature and film, an anti-hero is a central or supporting character that has some of the personality flaws and ultimate fortune traditionally assigned to villains but nonetheless also have enough heroic qualities or intentions to gain the sympathy of readers or viewers. ... This list is for characters in fictional works who exemplify the qualities of an anti-hero. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The romantic hero is a literary type referring to a character that rejects established norms and conventions, has been rejected by society, and has the self as the centre of his or her own existence[1]. The romantic hero is often the main protagonist in the literary work and there... Mary Sue (or simply Sue) is a pejorative expression for a fictional character who is an idealized stand-in for the author, or for a story with such a character. ...

References

  1. ^ Jonathamn David Gross (2001). Byron: The Erotic Liberal. Rowman & Littlefield, 148. ISBN 0742511626. 

External links

  • Characteristics of the Byronic Hero
  • The Byronic Hero

  Results from FactBites:
 
§11. Dramatic works. II. Byron. Vol. 12. The Romantic Revival. The Cambridge History of English and American ... (1359 words)
In other words, Byron is a romanticist when he introduces into his dramas super-natural beings and a strong lyrical element, but a classicist when he draws his material from the beaten track of history and refuses to admit the intervention of a spirit-world into the affairs of men.
The Assyrian king has far more of Byron in him than any of the so-called Byronic heroes; for, while they are but shadowy representations of a certain temper of mind, Sardanapalus is a creature of flesh and blood.
Byron’s terza rima of the Commedia; for, whereas Dante almost invariably makes a distinct pause at the close of the stanza, Byron frequently runs on the sense from one tercet to another and, thereby, goes far to destroy the metrical effect produced upon the ear by Dante.
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