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Encyclopedia > Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
Official flag of Bydgoszcz
Flag
Coat of arms of Bydgoszcz
Coat of arms
Bydgoszcz (Poland)
Bydgoszcz
Coordinates: 53°07′N 18°00′E / 53.117, 18
Country Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
Powiat city county
Gmina Bydgoszcz
Established before 1238
City Rights 1346/1349
Government
 - Mayor Konstanty Dombrowicz
Area
 - City 174.57 km²  (67.4 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m (197 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 363,468
 - Density 2,098/km² (5,433.8/sq mi)
 - Metro 460,499
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 85-001 to 85-915
Area code(s) +48 52
Car Plates CB
Website: www.bydgoszcz.en

Bydgoszcz (['bidgɔʂtʂ] ; German: ; Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004), agglomeration more than 400 000, which makes it the 8th biggest city in Poland. It has been the capital of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999, and was previously the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship (1947-1998) and before that, of the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1945-1947). Since 1999 it is also the seat of Bydgoszcz County. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links POL_Bydgoszcz_flag. ... Image File history File links POL_Bydgoszcz_COA.svg‎ herbBydgoszczy coat of arms of Bydgoszcz File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bydgoszcz ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (in Polish Województwo Kujawsko-Pomorskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in central-northern Poland. ... The following is a list of powiats in Poland. ... The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. ... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... // Events January 9 - The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland is rounded up and incinerated, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing bubonic plague. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... Image File history File links Bydgoszcz. ... Image File history File links Bromberg. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Brda (German: Brahe) is a river in north-western Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river (near Bydgoszcz), with a length of 238 kilometres (15th longest) and the basin area of 4,627 sq. ... The Vistula (Polish: ) is with 1,047 kilometers (678 miles) the longest river in Poland. ... Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (in Polish Województwo Kujawsko-Pomorskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in central-northern Poland. ... Bydgoszcz Voivodeship (2) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975–1998, superseded by Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... Capital city GdaÅ„sk Area 18,293 km² Population (2004)  - Density 2,192,000 120/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 4 16 Communes 123 Logo of Pomeranian Voivodeship Sea port in GdaÅ„sk The Sea Towers in Gdynia will be the tallest building (138 m) in Poland outside Warsaw... Bydgoszcz County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. ...


Bydgoszcz is part of the metroplex Bydgoszcz-Toruń with Toruń, only 45 km away, and over 850,000 inhabitants. Bydgoszcz is the seat of the Casimir the Great university, University of Technology and Life Sciences and a conservatory as well as a Collegium Medicum. Bydgoszcz has a famous Concert Hall (Filharmonia Pomorska), opera house Opera Nova, From the Bydgoszcz International Ignacy Paderewski Airport there are flights to Warsaw, London and Dublin as well charter flights to Antalya and Tunis. Thank to its location between Vistula and Odra water system on the Bydgoszcz channel the city is an important link in a water system connected via Noteć, Warta, Odra, Elbe with the Rhine and Rotterdam. Bydgoszcz-ToruÅ„ is the name of the bipolar aglomeration on the middle Vistula river, created by 2 cities: Bydgoszcz and ToruÅ„, only 30 km away of each other. ...

Contents

History

Originally a fishing settlement called Bydgozcya[citation needed] ("Bydgostia" in Latin), the city became a stronghold for the Vistula trade routes. In the 13th century it was the site of a castellany, first mentioned in 1238. The city was occupied by the Teutonic Knights from 1331-1337, and was recovered by King Casimir III of Poland, who granted the city municipal rights on 19 April 1346. The city increasingly saw an influx of Germans and Jews after that date. A castellany is a province rulled by a castellan. ... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... For the historical novel, see The Teutonic Knights (novel). ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... // March 16 - Edward, the Black Prince is created Duke of Cornwall, becoming the first English Duke Beginning of the Hundred Years War (c. ... Noble Family or Dynasty Piast dynasty Coat of Arms Piast Eagle Parents Władysław I the Elbow-high, Jadwiga Kaliszka, of Gniezno and Greater Poland Consorts Aldona Ona, Adelheid of Hessen, Christina, Jadwiga of Glogow and Sagan Children 5 daughters Date of Birth 1310 Place of Birth Kowal Date... German town law (German: ) or German municipal concerns (Deutsches Städtewesen) refers to town privileges used by many cities, towns, and villages throughout Central and Eastern Europe during the Middle Ages. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg...


In the 15th-16th centuries Bydgoszcz was a significant site for corn trading. The Treaty of Bydgoszcz was signed in the city in 1657. “Corn” redirects here. ... The Treaty of Bydgoszcz was a political act signed by the King of Poland Jan Kazimierz and the prince-elector of Brandenburg Frederick William I in the city of Bydgoszcz on November 6, 1657. ... Events January 8 - Miles Sindercombe, would-be-assassin of Oliver Cromwell, and his group are captured in London February - Admiral Robert Blake defeats the Spanish West Indian Fleet in a battle over the seizure of Jamaica. ...


Bydgoszcz followed the history of Greater Poland until 1772, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in the First Partition of Poland and incorporated into the Netze District and, later, West Prussia. During this time, a canal was built from Bydgoszcz to Nakło which connected the north-flowing Vistula River via the Brda to the west-flowing Noteć, which in turn flowed to the Oder via the Warta. Voivodship wielkopolskie since 1999 Coat of Arms for voivodship wielkopolskie Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: , German: Großpolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... The Netze District or District of the Netze (German: ; Polish: ) was a territory in the Kingdom of Prussia from 1772 to 1793. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ... NakÅ‚o nad NoteciÄ… is a town in northern Poland on the Noteć river with 20,100 inhabitants (1995). ... The Oder (or Odra) River (German: Oder, Polish/Czech: Odra, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe (mostly in Poland). ... Warta (Latin: Varta, German: Warthe) is a river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river. ...


In 1807 Bydgoszcz became part of the Duchy of Warsaw. In 1815 it returned to Prussian rule as part of the autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznań and capital of Bromberg district. After 1871 the city was part of the German Empire's Province of Posen. After World War I and the Great Poland Uprising, Bydgoszcz returned to Poland in 1919. It shifted in 1938 to the Pomeranian Voivodeship. Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Coat of arms Map of the Duchy of Warsaw after 1809. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Grand Duchy of PoznaÅ„ (Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo PoznaÅ„skie, German: Großherzogtum Posen) was an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as Great Poland between the years 1815-1848. ... Bydgoszcz District (Polish: Rejencja Bydgoska, German Regirugnsbezirk Bromberg) was the northern of two administrative districts of the Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1918) later also called the Province of Poznań (1849-1918). ... Motto Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Danish, French, Frisian, Polish, Sorbian Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871–1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick... The Province of Posen (German: , Polish: ) was a province of Prussia from 1846-1918. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Soldiers of Greatpolish Army Greater Poland Uprising of 1918- 1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918-19 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) against the German/Prussian forces. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Capital city GdaÅ„sk Area 18,293 km² Population (2004)  - Density 2,192,000 120/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 4 16 Communes 123 Logo of Pomeranian Voivodeship Sea port in GdaÅ„sk The Sea Towers in Gdynia will be the tallest building (138 m) in Poland outside Warsaw...


From 1939-45 during World War II, Bydgoszcz was occupied by Nazi Germany and annexed to the Reichsgau Wartheland. On September 3 1939, shortly after the war started, the disputed Bromberg Bloody Sunday incident occurred in which numerous Poles and Germans were killed; the incident was used by Nazi propaganda for retaliation against Poles after Bydgoszcz was occupied by the Wehrmacht on September 9. The city's Jewish citizens were repressed, as thousands of people were sent to concentration camps and/or executed. Bydgoszcz (Fordon) was the site of Bromberg-Ost, a female subcamp of Stutthof. The subcamp staffed several female SS guards (Aufseherin) and was commanded by the Oberaufseherin Johanna Wisotzki and a male commandant. A deportation camp was situated in Smukała village, now part of Bydgoszcz. According to Nowa encyklopedia powszechna PWN, 37,000 citizens of the city died during the war.[1] Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Reichsgau Wartheland (initially Reichsgau Posen) was the name given by Nazi German government to the largest subdivision of the territory of Greater Poland which was directly incorporated into the German Reich after defeating the Polish army in 1939. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Poster depicting America as a monstrous war machine destroying European culture. ... Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Bromberg-Ost was the female subcamp of the German concentration camp Stutthof, located in Bydgoszcz (Fordon). ... Stutthof (Sztutowo) was the first concentration camp built by the Nazi Germany regime outside of Germany. ... The   (German for Protective Squadron), abbreviated (Runic) or SS (Latin), was a large security and military organization of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) in Germany. ... Aufseherin (female overseer or attendant - german plural Aufseherinnen) is the term for a female guard in the Nazi concentration camps. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Nowa encyklopedia powszechna PWN (New Universal PWN Encyclopedia) is a Polish language encyclopedia published by Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. External link Encyclopedia website at pwn. ...


In 1945 Bydgoszcz was liberated and returned to Poland.


In 1981 Solidarity's activists were violently suppressed in Bydgoszcz. Solidarity (Polish: ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech Wałęsa. ... March 20-21, 1981, issue of Wieczór Wrocławia (The Wrocław Evening). ...


Economy

Major corporations

  • Projprzem SA
  • Zachem SA
  • Zespół Elektrociepłowni Bydgoszcz SA
  • PESA Pojazdy Szynowe (PESA Rail Vehicles)
  • GCB Centrostal-Bydgoszcz S.A.

Education

Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
  • Uniwersytet Technologiczno Przyrodniczy im. Jana i Jędrzeja Śniadeckich
  • Akademia Muzyczna
  • University Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera (Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Akademia Medyczna)
  • Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
  • Ośrodek Akademii Ekonomicznej w Poznaniu
  • Sekcja Wydziału Teologicznego Uniwersytetu im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
  • Kujawsko-Pomorska Szkoła Wyższa
  • Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki
  • Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Nauk Społeczno-Prawnych
  • Wyższa Szkoła Środowiska
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Finansów
  • Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki in Łódź, Branch in Bydgoszcz
  • Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych
  • Niepubliczne Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych

Image File history File links Bydgoszcz_Spichrze. ... Image File history File links Bydgoszcz_Spichrze. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Łódź Powiat city county Gmina Łódź City Rights 1423 Government  - Mayor Jerzy Kropiwnicki Area  - City 293. ...

Transport

Airports

Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport (IATA: BZG, ICAO: EPBY) (Polish: ) is a Polish regional airport in the city of Bydgoszcz, Poland. ...

Railway stations

  • Bydgoszcz Główna - main railway station
  • Bydgoszcz Leśna
  • Bydgoszcz Wschód
  • Bydgoszcz Zachód
  • Bydgoszcz Łęgnowo
  • Bydgoszcz Bielawy
  • Bydgoszcz Osowa Góra

Bus stations

  • PKS Bydgoszcz - operates inter-city and international bus routes

Culture

Museums

  • Muzeum Okręgowe im. Leona Wyczółkowskiego (Leon Wyczółkowski District Museum) is a municipally-owned museum. Apart from a large collection of [Leon Wyczółkowski]'s works, it houses permanent as well as temporary exibtions of art.

It occupies several buildings: - Main building (Gdańska 4 St.) - The White Granary (Mennica St.)


Classical music

  • Fiharmonia Pomorska im. Ignacego Paderewskiego (Igancy Paderwski's Concert Hall) - thanks to acoustically designed interior, it is one best classical music concert hall in Poland, if not in Europe.

Popular music

  • Concerts of popular music in Bydgoszcz are usually held in Fiharmonia Pomorska, Łuczniczka, Zawisza and Polonia stadiums.

Łuczniczka is an arena in Bydgoszcz, Poland. ...

== Literature

Theatre

  • Teatr Polski im. Hieronima Konieczki (Hieronim Konieczka's Polish Theatre) - despite its name, theatre offers a wide variety of shows both of national and foreign origin. It also regularly plays hosts to a large number of touring shows. Once a year, in autumn, "Festiwal Prapremier" is organized: most renowned Polish theatres stage their latest premieres.
  • Opera Nova (The Nova Opera)

Night life

Night life in Bydgoszcz concentrates around tens of pubs and clubs in the centre. Most popular of these are:

  • El-Jazz - the oldest and most recognizable; live music, karaoke shows and an excellent place to sip your beer.
  • Euphoria - the best Bydgoszcz disco
  • Savoy - Bydgoszcz's oldest still existing disco.
  • Vanilla Club - Bydgoszcz's largest disco.

Sports

Sports clubs

Astoria Bydgoszcz is a Polish basketball team, based in Bydgoszcz, playing in Era Basket Liga. ... Basketball is a popular team sport in Poland Please see: Era Basket Liga (EBL) - Polish Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki, PLK) Torell Basket Liga (TBL) - Polish Women Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki Lobiet, PLKK) Polish Cup in men basketball Polish Cup in women basketball Polish national basketball team... Dominet Bank Ekstraliga logo (2006-present) Dominet Basket Liga logo (2005-2006) Dominet Bank Ekstraliga (DBE) or Polish Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki, PLK) is the highest level league of basketball in Poland. ... Era Basket Liga (EBL) or Polish Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki, PLK) is the highest level league of basketball in Poland 2004 Championship Playoffs for 1st place: Idea Śląsk Wrocław (2nd place) - Prokom Trefl Sopot (Polish Champion) Playoffs for 3rd place: Anwil W&#322... GCB Adriana Gazeta Pomorska Bydgoszcz is a Polish womens volleyball team, based in Bydgoszcz, playing in the Polish Seria A Womens Volleyball League. ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... Polish Seria A Volleyball League is the highest level of women volleyball games played in Poland. ... Volleyball is a popular team sport in Poland. ... The Polish Volleyball League (Polska Liga Siatkowki, PLS) is the highest level of mens volleyball in Poland. ... Å»KS Polonia Bydgoszcz is a Polish speedway team based in Bydgoszcz who currently race in Speedway Ekstraliga. ... A speedway race in Poland Motorcycle speedway, normally referred to as Speedway, is a motorcycle sport that involves usually 4 and sometimes up to 6 riders competing over 4 laps. ... Zawisza Bydgoszcz is a sports club in Bydgoszcz, Poland, founded in 1946. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports in Poland. ...

Sports facilities

Łuczniczka is an arena in Bydgoszcz, Poland. ... Zawisza Bydgoszcz 1:0 Śląsk Wrocław (19. ... Polonia Stadium (pl. ...

Sports events

Speedway Grand Prix are a series of stand-alone speedway events over the course of a season used to determine the Speedway World Champion. ... The Speedway Grand Prix of Poland is a speedway event that is a part of the Speedway Grand Prix Series. ... The Speedway Grand Prix of Europe is a speedway event that is a part of the Speedway Grand Prix Series. ... The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics (known in the US as track and field). It was founded in 1912 at its first Congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. ... The 2008 World Junior Championships in Athletics is the 2008 version of the World Junior Championships in Athletics. ...

Politics

Bydgoszcz constituency

River Brda.

Members of Polish Sejm 2005-2009 elected from Bydgoszcz constituency Boats on Brahe at Bromberg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Boats on Brahe at Bromberg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Brda (German: Brahe) is a river in north-western Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river (near Bydgoszcz), with a length of 238 kilometres (15th longest) and the basin area of 4,627 sq. ... In 2005 the following 460 people were elected to the Polish Sejm. ...

Members of Polish Senate 2005-2009 elected from Bydgoszcz constituency Jan Bestry (born May 18, 1954 in Szczecin) is a Polish politician. ... Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SRP) is an agrarian political party and trade union in Poland. ... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... Witold Hatka (born June 25, 1939 in Bydgoszcz) is a Polish politician. ... The League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a national conservative political party in Poland. ... Sławomir Jeneralski (born July 28, 1961 in Bydgoszcz) is a Polish journalist and politician. ... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... Tomasz Latos (born March 08, 1964 in Poznań) is a Polish politician. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech Kaczyński, and Maria Kaczyńska during Kaczyńskis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Tomasz Markowski (born May 30, 1968 in Warsaw) is a Polish politician. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech Kaczyński, and Maria Kaczyńska during Kaczyńskis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Wojciech Mojzesowicz (born June 25, 1954 in Bydgoszcz) is a Polish politician. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech Kaczyński, and Maria Kaczyńska during Kaczyńskis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Paweł Bartosz Olszewski (born December 11, 1979 in Bydgoszcz) is a Polish politician. ... The Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, also called the Citizens Platform) is a liberal conservative political party in Poland. ... Teresa Piotrowska (born February 05, 1955 in Tczew) is a Polish politician. ... The Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, also called the Citizens Platform) is a liberal conservative political party in Poland. ... Maciej Świątkowski (born March 16, 1950 in Bydgoszcz) is a Polish politician. ... The Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, also called the Citizens Platform) is a liberal conservative political party in Poland. ... Andrzej Walkowiak (born January 21, 1961 in Bydgoszcz) is a Polish politician. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech Kaczyński, and Maria Kaczyńska during Kaczyńskis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Janusz Zemke (born February 24, 1949 in Kowalewo) is a Polish politician. ... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ...

Radosław Sikorski, Warsaw, 2006 Radosław Radek Sikorski (born February 23, 1963 in Bydgoszcz) is a conservative Polish politician and journalist. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech Kaczyński, and Maria Kaczyńska during Kaczyńskis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech Kaczyński, and Maria Kaczyńska during Kaczyńskis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ...

Famous people from Bydgoszcz

Rafał Blechacz Rafał Blechacz (born June 30, 1985 Nakło n. ... Zbigniew Boniek (born March 3, 1956 in Bydgoszcz) is a famous Polish soccer player. ... Teresa Ciepły née Wieczorek (19 October 1937 - 8 March 2006) was a Polish sprinter and hurdler. ... Tomasz Gollob in Bydgoszcz, 2006 Tomasz Gollob (born April 11, 1971 in Bydgoszcz, Poland) - a Polish motorcycle speedway rider who most recently took part in the 2006 Speedway Grand Prix season. ... Hugo Emil Hergesell (May 29, 1859, Bromberg - June 6, 1938, Berlin) was a German meteorologist. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jan Kulczyk (born in 1950 in Bydgoszcz), Polish businessman, according to the Wprost weekly newspaper, his fortune is estimated at PLN 12. ... Eberhard von Mackensen (September 24, 1889 - May 19, 1969) was a German general serving in World War II. // Born in Bromberg as the son of August von Mackensen, Mackensen entered the German army in 1908. ... Edmund Michał Piszcz (b. ... Marian Rejewski (probably 1932, the year he first solved the Enigma machine). ... Radosław Sikorski, Warsaw, 2006 Radosław Radek Sikorski (born February 23, 1963 in Bydgoszcz) is a conservative Polish politician and journalist. ... Minister defense of Poland (Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej) Minister of National Defense is Radosław Sikorski. ...

Legends

It is also said that Pan Twardowski spent some time in the city of Bydgoszcz, where, in his memory, a figure was recently mounted in a window of a tenement, overseeing the Old Town. At 1:13 p.m. and 9:13 p.m. the window opens and Pan Twardowski appears, to the accompaniment of weird music and devilish laughter. He takes a bow, waves his hand, and then disappears. This little show gathers crowds of amused spectators. Pan Twardowski (pronounced [pÊŒn tfÊŒrdÉ’fski]) is a Polish folklore character, a sorcerer who entered a pact with the Devil. ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Cherkasy (Ukrainian Черкаси, Rus. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: , Country United States State Connecticut NECTA Hartford Region Capitol Region Named 1637 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Eddie Perez Area  - City  18. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Location of Kragujevac within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District Å umadija Municipalities 5 Founded 1476 Government  - Mayor Veroljub Stevanović (SDPO)  - Ruling parties SDPO Area  - City 835 km²  (322. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Kremenchuk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , translit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Mannheim is a city in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Ningbo (Simplified Chinese: 宁波; Traditional Chinese: 寧波; pinyin: Níngbō; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city with a population of 800,000 in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... The Grand mosque of Pavlodar Pavlodar (Павлода́р) is a city in northeastern Kazakhstan, 350km northeast of the country capital Astana, and 350km southeast of Russias Omsk along the Irtysh River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Coordinates 38°15′ N 21°44′ E Country Greece Periphery West Greece Prefecture Achaea Province Greece Population 161,114 (2001 [1]) Area 125. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Perth (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a royal burgh in central Scotland. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Reggio Emilia (RE) Mayor Graziano Delrio (from July 1, 2004) Elevation 58 m Area 231 km² Population  - Total 141,383  - Density 612/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Reggiani Dialing code 0522 Postal code 42100 Frazioni see list Patron San Prospero  - Day... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Wilhelmshaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...

See also

Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
Bromberg

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Bydogoszcz was a female subcamp of the concentration camp Stutthof. ... Bydgoszcz Department (Polish: Departament bydgoski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... Coat of arms Map of the Duchy of Warsaw after 1809. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bydgoszcz
  • (English) Municipal website
  • (Polish) Wirtualna Bydgoszcz - informator bydgoski
  • (Polish) Bydgoszcz.tk
  • (Polish) Canal Bydgoski

Coordinates: 53°09′N, 18°00′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... It has been suggested that Polish Voivodeships and Counties 1919-1939 - trivia be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Capital city PoznaÅ„ Area 29,826 km² Population (2005)  - Density 3,372,417 113. ... Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (in Polish Województwo Kujawsko-Pomorskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in central-northern Poland. ... Lesser Poland Voivodeship (Polish: województwo maÅ‚opolskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in southern Poland. ... Lower Silesian Voivodeship. ... Lublin Voivodeship Coat of Arms Potockis Palace in MiÄ™dzyrzec Podlaski Old chapel Krzna river Lublin Voivodeship (Polish: województwo lubelskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of eastern Poland. ... Lubusz Voivodeship (Polish: województwo lubuskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of western Poland. ... Łódź Voivodeship Coat of Arms of Łódź Voivodeship Flag of Łódź Voivodeship Łódź Voivodeship (1) (Polish: województwo łódzkie) is an administrative region of central Poland created January 1, 1999, out of the former Łódź (2), Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski, Skierniewice and part of PÅ‚ock voivodeships, pursuant to the... Geographical characteristics Area 35,579 km² Land km² Water km² Population Total (2003) 5,136,000 Density 144. ... Capital city Opole Area 9412. ... Capital city BiaÅ‚ystok Area 20 180 km² Population  - Density 1,221,000 60. ... Capital city GdaÅ„sk Area 18,293 km² Population (2004)  - Density 2,192,000 120/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 4 16 Communes 123 Logo of Pomeranian Voivodeship Sea port in GdaÅ„sk The Sea Towers in Gdynia will be the tallest building (138 m) in Poland outside Warsaw... Capital city Katowice Area 12,294 km² Population (2004)  - Density 4,830,000 392. ... Subcarpathia Voivodeship Subcarpathia Voivodeship (Polish: województwo podkarpackie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in southeastern Poland. ... Capital city Kielce Area 11,672 km² Population (2006)  - Density 1,283,500 110/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 1 13 Communes 102 Administrative divisions: ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie Voivodeship (Polish: ) should preferably be translated as the ÅšwiÄ™tokrzyskie province, as it is an administrative region, or voivodeship, of central Poland. ... Capital city Olsztyn Area 24,191. ... Capital city Szczecin Area 22,896 km² Population (2004)  - Density 1,694,865 74/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 3 18 Communes 114 Administrative divisions: West Pomeranian Voivodeship (also West Pomerania Province — Polish: województwo zachodniopomorskie) is a voivodeship, or province, in northwestern Poland. ... It has been suggested that List of cities in Poland over 20,000 population (2002 census) be merged into this article or section. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: , Country  Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Łódź Powiat city county Gmina Łódź City Rights 1423 Government  - Mayor Jerzy Kropiwnicki Area  - City 293. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lesser Poland Powiat city county Gmina Kraków City Rights June 5th, 1257 Government  - Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area  - City 326. ... Motto: Miasto spotkaÅ„ (the meeting place) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lower Silesian Powiat city county Gmina WrocÅ‚aw Established 10th century City Rights 1262 Government  - Mayor RafaÅ‚ Dutkiewicz Area  - City 292. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Pomeranian Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lublin Powiat city county Gmina Lublin Established before 12th century City Rights 1317 Government  - Mayor Adam Wasilewski Area  - City 147. ... Panorama of Katowice at night Katowice (pronunciation: [] (Czech: Katovice, German: Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the KÅ‚odnica and Rawa rivers. ... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Podlachian Powiat city county Gmina BiaÅ‚ystok Established 14th century City Rights 1692 Government  - Mayor Tadeusz Truskolaski Area  - City 102 km²  (39. ... CzÄ™stochowa ( , German: ) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). ... Gdynia (IPA: , German: (until 1939 and after 1945) / Gotenhafen (1939-1945); Kashubian: ) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and an important seaport at GdaÅ„sk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Motto: Durabo (lat. ... Olsztyn ( ; German: ; Old Prussian: Alnāsteini) is a city in northeast Poland, on the Łyna river. ... Radom (pronounce: [radÉ”m]) is a city in central Poland with 227 309 inhabitants. ... Map of the centre of Kielce Monastery Exbud headquarters-symbol of todays Kielce City The monument to commemorate of tragedy in New York 11 September 2001 Bishops Palace Building of Stefan Å»eromski Theatre The new stadium in Kielce Bus Station in Kielce of characterisic shape of alien saucer Kielce... Rzeszów ( ) is a city in south-eastern Poland with a population of 164,000 (2005), granted a town charter in 1354, the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously of Rzeszów Voivodeship (1945-1998). ... Opole ( ; German: ) is a city in southern Poland on the Oder River (Odra). ... Gorzów Wielkopolski (abbrev. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bydgoszcz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (594 words)
Bydgoszcz was occupied by the Teutonic Knights from 1331-1337, and was recovered by King Casimir III, who granted the city municipal rights on 19 April 1346.
Bydgoszcz followed the history of Greater Poland until 1772, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in the First Partition of Poland.
Bydgoszcz Department (Polish: Departament Bydgoski), a unit of administrative division and local government in the Duchy of Warsaw from 1806-1815.
Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (195 words)
Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport (IATA: BZG, ICAO: EPBY) (Polish: Port lotniczy im.
Ignacego Jana Paderewskiego Bydgoszcz-Szwederowo) is a Polish regional airport in the city of Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport (BZG) • Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport (GDN) •
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