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Encyclopedia > Buzuq

Buzuq (Arabic بزق; also transliterated bozuq, bozouk, etc.) is a long-necked fretted lute related to the Greek bouzouki and Turkish saz. It is an essential instrument in the Rahbani repertoire, but it is not classified among the classical instruments of Arab or Turkish music. However, this instrument may be looked upon as a larger and deeper-toned relative of the saz, to which it could be compared in the same way as the viola to the violin in Western music. Before the Rahbanis popularized the use of this instrument, the buzuq had been associated with the Gypsy music of Lebanon and Syria. The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ transliterated: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... Greek (tetrachordo) Bouzouki The bouzouki (gr. ... The saz is a Turkish plucked stringed instrument, a member of the long-necked lute family. ... u know me e u got ebe e u know me e u got ebe e. ... The Rahbani Brothers (Assi and Mansour Rahbani) are Lebanese musicians, songwriters and authors. ... Arab music is the music of Arabic-speaking people or countries, especially those centered around the Arabian Peninsula. ... A viola The viola (in French, alto; in German bratsche) is a stringed musical instrument played with a bow which serves as the middle voice of the violin family, between the upper lines played by the higher violin (soprano register) and the lower lines played by the deeper cello (bass... A violin The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart. ... 19th century print of Roma musicians Roma music is highly varied among the diverse communities of the Roma (aka Gypsies). ...

Unlike the short-necked unfretted oud, the buzuq has a longer neck, smaller body and frets tied to the neck, which can be moved to produce the microtonal intervals used in the many maqamat (musical modes). Typically, it is furnished with two courses of metal strings which are played with a plectrum, offering a metallic yet lyrical resonance. Some instruments have three courses and up to seven strings total. Front and rear views of an oud. ... Microtonal music is music using microtones -- intervals of less than a semitone, or as Charles Ives put it, the notes between the cracks of the piano. ... In Arab music a maqaam (Arabic: مقام) is, a technique of improvisation that defines the pitches, patterns, and development of a piece of music and which is unique to Arabian art music. ... A plectrum (plural: plectra) is a device for plucking or strumming a stringed instrument. ...

The name of the instrument comes from Turkish başıbozuk, the name given to Ottoman irregular troops; it literally means "burnt head" or "uprooted". A bashi-bazouk (in Turkish başıbozuk, meaning disorganized, leaderless) was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl...


  • Ali Jihad Racy, Professor of Ethnomusicology, UCLA
  • Maqam World



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