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The butler is a senior servant in a large household. Butler is the title of a senior domestic worker, whose duties traditionally included handling the wines of the household and some management of the other servants. ... It has been suggested that servant (domestic) be merged into this article or section. ... The household is the basic unit of analysis in many microeconomic and government models. ...

Usually the butler is the most senior staff member, although in the great houses of the past, the household was sometimes divided into departments with the butler in charge of the dining room (including the wine cellar) and pantry, and sometimes the entire parlour floor, and a housekeeper who was in charge of the whole house and its appearance. Housekeepers are occasionally portrayed in literature as being the most senior staff member and as even making recommendations for the hiring of the butler. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Wine cellar is a storage room for wine in bottles or barrels, or more rarely in carboys, amphoras or plastic containers. ... A housekeeper is an individual responsible for the cleaning and maintenance of the interior of a residence. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ...

In modern houses where the butler is the most senior worker, titles such as Majordomo, Butler Administrator, House manager, Manservant, Staff Manager, Estate Manager and Head of Household Staff are sometimes given. The precise duties of the employee will vary to some extent in line with the title given, but perhaps more importantly in line with the requirements of the individual employer. A majordomo is the head (major) person of a domestic staff (domo), one who acts on behalf of a usually absent owner of a typically large residence. ...

The earliest literary mention of a butler is probably that of the man whose release from prison was predicted by Joseph in the biblical account of Joseph's interpretation of the dreams of the Pharaoh's servants. Joseph interprets the dream of the Pharaoh. ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ...

The word "butler" derives from the Old French "bouteillier", (meaning "cup bearer"), from "bouteille", ("bottle") and ultimately from Latin. The role of the butler, for centuries, has been that of the chief steward of a household, the attendant entrusted with the care and serving of wine and other bottled beverages (which in ancient times might have represented a considerable portion of the household's assets). Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of modern Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300. ... The terms steward or stewardess can refer to a number of different professional roles. ...

In Britain the butler was originally a middle ranking member of the staff of a grand household. In the 17th and 18th centuries the butler gradually became the usually senior male member of a household's staff (in the very grandest households there was sometimes a steward who ran the entire estate, rather than just the household, and who was senior to the butler into the 19th century). Butlers used to always be attired in a special uniform, distinct from the livery of junior servants, but today a butler is more likely to wear a business suit or business casual clothing and appear in uniform only on special occasions. Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal livery of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400 A livery is a uniform or other sign worn in a non-military context on a person or object (such as an airplane...

Butlers used to work their way up from the bottom and belong to clubs in larger cities such as London, but today, tend to go to butler schools and belong to guilds such as The International Institute of Modern Butlers and The Guild of Professional English Butlers. Butlers are also to be found not only in private residences, but in hotels, in corporate settings, on yachts, in Embassies, and even running their own Rent-a-Butler agency.



As a surname "Butler" was originated by Theobald le Botiller FitzWalter (Lord of Preston). Lord FitzWalter accompanied Henry II into Ireland, and was appointed hereditary Chief Butler of Ireland in 1177. This title can be defined as Governor by today's standards. He was granted land holdings of Baggotrath, Co. Dublin, and the Stein River lands around what is now Trinity College Dublin. His son, Theobalde Butler, was the first to hold the name and pass it to his descendants. Henry II of England 5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England (1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. ...

Butlers in fiction

The real-life butler is supposed to be discreet and unobtrusive. The butler of fiction, by contrast, often tends to be larger-than-life and has become a plot device in literature and a traditional role in the performing arts. Butlers may provide comic relief with wry comments, clues as to the perpetrators of various crimes and are represented as at least as intelligent and moral, or even more so, than their “betters”. They are often portrayed as being serious and expressionless and in the case that the wealthy hero be an orphan--such as Batman, Chrono Crusade's Satella Harvenheit, or Tomb Raider's Lara Croft--be a father figure to said hero. The fictional butler tends to be given a typical Anglo-Celtic surname and have a British accent. A plot device is a person or an object introduced to a story to affect or advance the plot. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... A function is part of an answer to a question about why some object or process occurred in a system that evolved or was designed with some goal. ... The performing arts are those forms of art which differ from the plastic arts insofar as the former uses the artists own body, face and presence as a medium, and the latter uses materials such as clay, metal or paint which can be molded or transformed to create some... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Serialized in Comic Dragon, Dragon Age Original run November 1998 – 2004 No. ... For the movie staring Angelina Jolie, see Lara Croft: Tomb Raider. ... Lara Croft is a fictional British video game character and the heroine of the Tomb Raider series of video games, movies, and comic books. ...

Nowadays, butlers are usually portrayed as being refined and well-spoken. However, in 19th century fiction (such as Dracula and other novels of the period) butlers generally spoke with a strong cockney or other regional accent. This article is about the novel. ... St Mary-le-Bow The term cockney is often used to refer to working-class people of London, particularly east London, and the slang used by these people. ...

"The butler" is integral to the plot of countless potboilers and melodramas, whether or not the character has been given a name. Butlers figure so prominently in period pieces and whodunits that they can be considered stock characters in film and theatre where a catch phrase is "the butler did it!" A potboiler is an artistic work (writing, picture, musical composition, play, film, but usually something written), created only to make money quickly or to maintain a steady income for the artist, thus implying that artistic values were subordinate to saleability. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... In the performing arts, a period piece is a work set in a particular era. ... A whodunit or whodunnit (for Who done it? and sometimes referred to as a Golden Age Mystery novel) is a complex, plot-driven variety of the detective story in which the puzzle is paramount. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... A catch phrase is a phrase or expression that is popularized, usually through repeated use, by a real person or fictional character. ... Mary Roberts Rinehart (August 12, 1876-September 22, 1958) was an American author and the source of the phrase The butler did it. ...

Notable fictional butlers

Hudson, Alfred, Stevens from "Remains of the Day," and Crichton are among the world's most well-known fictional butlers. Upstairs, Downstairs was a BAFTA and Emmy award-winning British drama set in a large townhouse in Edwardian London that depicted the lives of the servants downstairs and their masters upstairs. It ran on ITV for five series from 1971 to 1975. ... Alfred Pennyworth is a fictional supporting character in the DC Comics Batman series. ... The Admirable Crichton is a play written in 1902 by J. M. Barrie. ...

Rowan Atkinson played the role of Edmund Blackadder, butler to Prince George the Prince Regent, in the TV Series Blackadder the Third. Rowan Sebastian Atkinson (born 6 January 1955) is an English comedian, actor and writer, famous for his title roles in the British television comedies Blackadder and Mr. ... Edmund Blackadder esq. ... George is the name of two characters appearing in the historical BBC sitcom Blackadder played by Hugh Laurie. ... Prince Regent (or Prince Regnant, as a direct borrowing from French language) is a prince who rules a country instead of a sovereign, e. ... This is an episode list of the British sitcom Blackadder. ...

Alfred Pennyworth, Bruce Wayne's butler from Batman is a well known fictional butler. Alfred Pennyworth is a fictional supporting character in the DC Comics Batman series. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Joseph Marcell, Geoffrey Butler, the butler for the Banks Family on The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air is an Emmy, BAFTA, and RTS-award winning popular American television sitcom that aired on NBC from September 10, 1990, to May 20, 1996. ...

Nestor, the butler of Marlinspike Hall appearing in The Adventures of Tintin. Bianca and Nestor Nestor is a character from The Adventures of Tintin series of classic comic books drawn and written by Hergé. Before he was under the employment of Captain Haddock at Marlinspike Hall, he dutifully served as a butler for the Bird Brothers, the estates previous owners. ... Tintin, Captain Haddock and Snowy approach Marlinspike Hall. ... The Adventures of Tintin (French: ) is a series of Belgian comic books created by Belgian artist Hergé, the pen name of Georges Remi (1907–1983). ...

See List of famous fictional butlers for a list of characters who are butlers. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into List of fictional butlers. ...

Notable fictional non-butlers

See valet for a list of characters who are often mistaken for butlers, but (strictly speaking) are valets, rather than butlers, such as Jeeves (though as Jeeves' employer Wooster has noted, when the occasion demands Jeeves "can buttle with the best of them"). This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jeeves, here portrayed by Stephen Fry in ITVs Jeeves and Wooster series, is P.G. Wodehouses most famous character. ...

Butlers in non-fiction

Notable non-fictional butlers

Paul Burrell in ITVs Im a Celebrity, Get Me Out of Here!, 2004. ... “Diana Spencer” redirects here. ... Hugh Edgar is an English architect who worked on several archival projects in the United Kingdom and as a consultant around the world. ... The Edwardian Country House was an acclaimed British miniseries in the reality tv genre. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Ivor Spencer MBE (born 1924 in East London) is the founder of the Ivor Spencer International School for Butlers and the Professional School for Toastmasters. ... Toastmaster is a general term, prevalent in the United States in the middle 20th century, referring to a person in charge of the proceedings of a public speaking event. ... It has been suggested that Office etiquette be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ...

See also

A housekeeper is a person responsible for the cleaning and maintenance of (usually residential premises. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that servant (domestic) be merged into this article or section. ...

External links

  • Butler - Extensive article at Citizendium
  • The International Guild of Professional Butlers
  • The International Institute of Modern Butlers
  • The Butler Bureau
  • Diary Of A Butler

  Results from FactBites:
Judith Butler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1746 words)
Butler received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from Yale University in 1984, and her dissertation was subsequently published as Subjects of Desire: Hegelian Reflections in Twentieth-Century France.
Butler warns that this tactic of appealing to the state may backfire on progressivists, in an argument which is reminiscent of Foucault's description of the usage of the lettres de cachet by families referring to the sovereign to condemn members of their own family.
Butler has responded to such charges by citing ideas from Theodor Adorno on the necessity to break from traditional language if one is to subvert the dominant cultural narrative.
Octavia E. Butler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1694 words)
Butler was born and raised in Pasadena, California.
Butler had originally planned to write a third Parable novel, tentatively titled Parable of the Trickster, mentioning her work on it in a number of interviews, but at some point encountered a form of writer's block, going seven years without publishing a new novel.
Butler is well known for her the Patternist series, Xenogenesis Trilogy, and the Parable of the Sower Series.
  More results at FactBites »



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