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Encyclopedia > Butaritari
Butaritari Atoll
Butaritari Atoll
Butaritari Atoll and part of Makin (upper right). Most of Makin is missing from this map and only a portion is visible.
Butaritari Atoll and part of Makin (upper right). Most of Makin is missing from this map and only a portion is visible.

Butaritari (previously known as Makin, Pitt Island, Taritari Island, or Touching Island) is an atoll located in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (7864x6982, 1349 KB) Summary Government map (some maps in the series include the following: Compiled by Lands and Surveys, Betio, Tarawa) with inscription [signature 21/4/1969. Original obtained either directly from GEIDA of from a U.S. Government source (USACOE... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (7864x6982, 1349 KB) Summary Government map (some maps in the series include the following: Compiled by Lands and Surveys, Betio, Tarawa) with inscription [signature 21/4/1969. Original obtained either directly from GEIDA of from a U.S. Government source (USACOE... Portion of a Pacific atoll showing two islets on the ribbon or barrier reef separated by a deep pass between the ocean and the lagoon. ...

Contents

Geography

Three kilometers to the northeast is Makin. Butaritari was called Makin Atoll by the U.S. military, and Makin was then known as Makin Meang or Little Makin to distinguish it. Now that Butaritari has become the preferred name for the larger atoll, speakers tend to drop the qualifier for Makin. Butaritari Atoll is an atoll of 10 islands in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati. ... The United States Armed Forces are the military services of the United States. ...


Butaritari atoll has a land area of 13.6 km² and a population of 4,200 as of 2002. 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The atoll is roughly four-sided and nearly 30 km across in the east west direction, and averages about 15 km north to south. The reef is more submerged and broken into several broad channels along the west side. Small islets are found on reef sections between these channels. The atoll reef is continuous but almost without islets along the north side. In the northeast corner, the reef is some 1.75 km across and with only scattered small islet development. Thus, the lagoon of Butaritari is very open to exchange with the ocean. The lagoon is deep and can accommodate large ships, though the entrance passages are relatively narrow.


The south and southeast portion of the atoll comprises a nearly continuous islet, broken only by a single, broad section of interislet reef. These islets are mostly between 0.2 and 0.5 km across, but widen in the areas where the reef changes directions. Mangrove swamps appear well developed in these latter areas as well as all along the southern lagoon shore. Narrow islets are somewhat characteristic of Kiribati atolls running east-west.


Bikati and Bikatieta islets occupy a corner of the reef at the extreme northwest tip of the atoll, bordering what may be a second small lagoon to the north of the main lagoon. Larger Bikati (2 by 0.5 km) harbors a village. The main village is Butaritari, population approximately 2,000.


Settlements

Butaritari, Keuea, Kuma, Tanimaiaki, Tekabetete


Climate

It is one of the lushest of the "outer islands" due to good rainfall. Typical annual rainfall is about 4 m, compared with about 2 m on Tarawa Atoll and 1 m in the far south of Kiribati. Rainfall on Butaritari is enhanced during an El Niño. Map of the Tarawa atoll Tarawa is an atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, previously the capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. ... Chart of ocean surface temperature anomaly [°C] during the last strong El Niño in December 1997 El Niño and La Niña (also written in English as El Nino and La Nina) are major temperature fluctuations in surface waters of the tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean. ...


History

Butaritari was a place of residence for Robert Louis Stevenson in his quest for a new life and the subject of a subsequent story. In his book In The South Seas he devotes the majority of the second half to his observations and history of Butaritari and Makin. See [1] for a free online copy. Robert Louis (Balfour) Stevenson (November 13, 1850–December 3, 1894), was a Scottish novelist, poet, and travel writer, and a representative of Neo-romanticism in English literature. ...


Supposedly, there is a Guano Islands Act claim of the United States to Butaritari and Little Makin[citation needed]. The Guano Islands Act (48 U.S.C. ch. ...


1870–1914

Commercial and trading capital of the Gilbert Islands until Burns Philp moved south and set themselves up in Tarawa Atoll—they followed the seat of political power south. The earliest trading companies were the Hamburg-based DPHG with Pacific headquarters in Samoa and On Chong (Chinese traders with Australian connections via the goldfields). It has been suggested that Central Gilberts be merged into this article or section. ... In April 1883, James Burns and Robert Philp began a trading partnership, originally named the Burns Philp & Company Limited[1]. They were the first company to offer tourism to New Guinea, in 1884, advertising the New Guinea Excursion Trip[2]. This consisted of a five week trip from Thursday Island... Map of the Tarawa atoll Tarawa is an atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, previously the capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. ... A joint stock company is a special kind of partnership. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ...


1914–1941

Establishment of the Japanese trading company (Nanyo Boeki Kabushiki Kaisha) in Butaritari Village. Gradual decline of On Chong through the 1920s with low copra prices. Takeover of On Chong by WR Carpenter based in Rabaul. Copra drying in the sun Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut. ... For the volcanic caldera within which Rabaul lies, see Rabaul caldera. ...


World War II

Japanese invasion

On 10 December 1941, three days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, 300 Japanese troops, plus laborers of the "Gilberts Invasion Special Landing Force" arrived off Makin Atoll and occupied without resistance. Lying east of the Marshall islands, Makin would make an excellent seaplane base, extending Japanese air patrols closer to Howland Island, Baker Island, Tuvalu and Phoenix and Ellice Islands, all held by the Allies and protecting the eastern flank of the Japanese perimeter from an Allied attack. is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... This article is about the actual attack. ... Motto: Jepilpilin ke ejukaan Anthem: Forever Marshall Islands Capital (and largest city) Majuro Official languages Marshallese, English Government  -  President Kessai Note Independence  -  from the United States October 21, 1986  Area  -  Total 181 km² (213th) 69. ... A DeHavilland Single Otter floatplane in Harbour Air livery. ... Tuvalu is an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean midway between Hawaii and Australia. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ...


American raid

Butaritari atoll was the site of the Makin Raid in August 1942, when the U.S. Marine Raiders landed from the submarine USS Nautilus (SS-168), as a feint to draw Japanese attention away from the planned invasion route through the Solomons. Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Chester Nimitz, Evans Carlson Kose Abe, Kanemitsu Strength 211 83-90 Casualties 21 killed, 9 captured 83[1] The Makin Raid occurred on August 17-18, 1942 and was an armed raid by United States (U.S.) Marines on Japanese military forces on... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marine Raider insignia The Marine Raiders were elite units established by the United States Marine Corps during World War II to conduct amphibious light infantry warfare, particularly in landing in rubber boats and operating behind the lines. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... USS Nautilus (SF-9/SS-168), a Narwhal-class submarine and one of the V-boats, was the fifth ship of the United States Navy to bear that popular ships name. ... The Solomon Islands is a nation in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea and is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. ...


American invasion

Main article: Battle of Makin

On the eve of invasion, the Japanese garrison consisted of 798 men. Most of the aviation or Japanese and Korean labor units had little or no combat training and were not assigned weapons or a battle station, and the number of trained combat troops on Makin was no more than 300 soldiers. Combatants United States Japan Commanders Richmond K. Turner Ralph C. Smith Seizo Ishikawa Strength 6, 470 400 troops, 400 labourers Casualties 66 killed, 185 wounded 700 killed, 3 Japanese captured, 101 Korean labourers captured The Battle of Makin was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought...


Butaritari's land defenses were centered around the lagoon shore, near the seaplane base in the central part of island. A series of strongpoints was established along Butaritari's ocean side as the Japanese expected the invasion to come from there, following the example of the earlier raid of 1942. Without aircraft, ships, or hope of reinforcement or relief, the outnumbered and outgunned defenders could only hope to delay the coming American attack for as long as possible. This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ...


American air operations began on 13 November, 1943, followed by bombardment from fire support ships. Troops began to go ashore on 20 November, and the attacking troops knocked out the fortified strongpoints one by one. Despite its great superiority in men and weapons, the Americans had considerable difficulty subduing the island's small defensive force. On 23 November the force commander reported "Makin taken." is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


As compared to an estimated 395 Japanese and Koreans killed in action, American combat casualties numbered 66 killed and 152 wounded. But when the American losses incurred during the sinking of the escort carrier USS Liscome Bay on 24 November by a Japanese submarine are included, the loss balance tips toward the other side. Counting the 642 sailors who went down with the carrier, American casualties exceeded the strength of the entire Japanese garrison on Makin. The escort aircraft carrier or escort carrier, was a small aircraft carrier developed by the U.S. Navy in the early part of World War II to deal with the U-boat crisis of the Battle of the Atlantic. ... USS Liscome Bay (CVE-56), a Casablanca-class escort aircraft carrier was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Liscome Bay in Alaskas coast. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


1990s

The runway on Butaritari has been extended to the full length of the old WW2 American strip (about 5,000 feet?) and a service with a route of Tarawa Atoll–Butaritari–Majuro operated for a short period in 1995. The aim was to facilitate the development of a strong cash crop economy on the island and link the Marshall Islands with Kiribati. It was soon seen to be an inviable dream.[citation needed] Map of the Tarawa atoll Tarawa is an atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, previously the capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. ... Lagoon shoreline on Majuro, February 1973 Majuro, population 25,400 (as of 2004), is the capital of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. ... In agriculture, a cash crop is a crop which is grown for money. ...


See also


Coordinates: 3°10′04″N, 172°49′33″E Two ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Makin Island, named for Makin Island, target of the U.S. Marine Raiders attack early in World War II. The first Makin Island, (CVE-93), was a Casablanca-class escort aircraft carrier, launched in 1944 and stricken in... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... It has been suggested that Central Gilberts be merged into this article or section. ... Abaiang, also spelled Apaiang, sometimes called Apia, and formerly named Charlotte Island, is a coral atoll of the Kiribati, located in the west-central Pacific Ocean. ... Abemama is an island in the central part of the Kiribati Group. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Arorae is an atoll in Kiribati. ... Beru Island is an island located in the South Gilbert Islands of the Pacific Ocean. ... Kuria Atoll Kuria is a the name of a pair of islands in the North Gilbert Islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... MaianaBold text is a district of Kiribati and an atoll in the North Gilbert Islands. ... Marakei Atoll Marakei is a small atoll in the North Gilbert Islands. ... Nikunau Atoll Nikunau is a low coral island located in the Gilbert Islands. ... Nonouti Atoll Nonouti is an atoll and district of Kiribati. ... Onotoa is an atoll and district of Kiribati. ... Tabiteuea is the collective name for two neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean, Tabiteuea North and Tabiteuea South. ... Tamana is the smallest island in the Gilbert Islands. ... For other uses, see Tarawa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kiribati. ... The Phoenix Islands are a group of eight atolls, plus two submerged coral reefs in the central Pacific Ocean, east of the Gilbert Islands and west of the Line Islands. ... Canton Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kanton Island (also known as Canton Island or Abariringa Island), alternatively Mary Island, Mary Balcout Island or Swallow Island, is the largest, most northern, and, as of 2005, the sole inhabited island of the Phoenix Islands, Republic of Kiribati. ... Birnie Island (Birnie Atoll, Birney) is a small coral island, 20 hectares in area, part of the Phoenix Island Group, which belongs to the nation of Kiribati. ... Enderbury Island (Ederbury Island, Enderbury Island, Guano) is a small, uninhabited atoll 63 km ESE of Kanton Island in the Pacific Ocean at 3 degrees, 8 minutes S, 171 degrees, 5 minutes W. It is about 1 mile (1. ... Manra Island is one of the Phoenix Islands in the Republic of Kiribati. ... McKean Island is a small, uninhabited island in the Phoenix Islands, Republic of Kiribati. ... Nikumaroro, formerly Gardner Island, is part of the Phoenix Group, Kiribati in the western Pacific Ocean, a remote, elongated, triangular coral atoll with profuse vegetation and a large central marine lagoon, located at . ... Orona atoll, formerly known as Hull Island, is one of the Phoenix Islands in the Republic of Kiribati. ... Rawaki Island is one of the Phoenix Islands in the Republic of Kiribati, also known by its previous name of Phoenix Island. ... The Line Islands are a group of eleven atolls and low coral islands in the central Pacific Ocean south of the Hawaiian Islands, eight of which belong to Kiribati, while three are United States territories that are grouped with the United States Minor Outlying Islands. ... For the islands in the Western Pacific, see Caroline Islands. ... Flint Island is an uninhabited coral atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, part of the Southern Line Islands belonging to Kiribati. ... For the island in the Indian Ocean, see Christmas Island. ... NASA orbital photo of Malden Island (north at bottom). ... Island as seen from space Starsuck Island, also known as Volunteer Island, is an uninhabited coral atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, part of the Southern Line Islands belonging to Kiribati. ... Lagoon shoreline at Fanning Tabuaeran, also known as Fanning Island or Fanning Atoll (both Gilbertese and English names are recognised) is one of the Line Islands of the central Pacific Ocean, and part of Kiribati. ... Teraina, also known as Washington Island (both names are constitutional), is a coral atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, part of the Northern Line Islands belonging to Kiribati. ... Vostok Island, also known as Staver Island, is an uninhabited coral island in the central Pacific Ocean, part of the Line Islands belonging to Kiribati. ... Banaba can have the following meanings: Banaba (Lagerstroemia speciosa) is a type of tree that grows in Thailand. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Butaritari - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (149 words)
Butaritari is an atoll of 10 islands in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati.
Butaritari atoll has a land area of 13.6 km² and a population of 4200 as of 2002, while Makin has a land area of 6.7 km² and a population of 1700.
Butaritari atoll was the site of the initial thrust of the United States advance into the central Pacific in late 1942, in the battle of Makin.
Butaritari - Republic of Kiribati (1629 words)
Butaritari is an island in the northern part of the Kiribati Group.
Butaritari is well known as the island where Robert Louis Stevenson lived in the late nineteenth century.
Butaritari is one of the larger atolls in the Gilberts chain of Kiribati, located just south of Little Makin at 3° north of the equator.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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