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Encyclopedia > Business Software Alliance
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The Business Software Alliance (BSA) is a trade group established in 1988 and representing a number of the world's largest software makers. Its principal activity is trying to stop copyright infringement of software produced by its members—an activity it claims, using a lost sales metric, to cost the software industry over US$11 billion each year. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An industry trade group is generally a public relations organization funded, founded and formed by corporations that operate in a specific industry. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... The copyright infringement of software refers to several practices when done without the permission of the copyright holder: Creating a copy and/or selling it. ... Starting in the 1980s, application software has been sold in mass-produced packages through retailers The software industry comprises of businesses involved in the development, maintenance and publication of computer software. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...


It is funded through membership dues based on member company's software revenues, and through settlements from companies it successfully brings action against. For the tax agency in the United Kingdom of the same name, see HM Revenue and Customs. ... In law there are two main meanings of the word settlement. ...

Contents

Overview

Robert Holleyman is its current president and CEO. The BSA employs a team of over 100 lawyers and investigators, which it uses to prosecute "thousands of cases a year" in conjunction with local law enforcement. The majority of these cases are reported to BSA either through one of its 65 piracy telephone hotlines, or through online report forms. After receiving a tip, BSA then sends the companies a note with an implicit threat of a forthcoming software licensing audit. If the BSA finds cases of software piracy, it assesses heavy monetary penalties. Some companies have switched to free software after having to pay such large fines.[1] Robert W. Holleyman, II is the current president and CEO of the Business Software Alliance (BSA), a trade group representing a number of the worlds largest software makers. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... For the band, see The Police. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project (the GNU head), the Linux kernel mascot Tux the Penguin, and the FreeBSD daemon Free software is a term coined by Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation[1] to refer to software that can be used, studied, and modified without...


BSA has not been reported to support Free Software Foundation or other free software groups in their actions of copyright enforcement. They support software patents. The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit corporation founded in October 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project. ... Software patent does not have a universally accepted definition. ...


Critique

The BSA enforcement practices against small to medium sized businesses have been the subject of numerous articles. Most recently the BSA has come under fire for offering reward money up to US$200,000 to disgruntled employees that report current or former employers for alleged violations of BSA member software licenses. James Gaskin's June 2006 investigative series published in Network World Magazine provides a critique from the small business owner's perspective.[2]


BSA has been heavily criticized for its aggressive tactics in forcing small businesses to allow BSA members onto their premises for audits, and for its presumption of guilt until an audit proves one innocent. The BSA is an organization founded in the USA, and is currently without official status in most European countries.


They're also well known for lobbying for the creation of ENISA, the European Network and Information Security Agency, a network security establishment that operates within the EU (since 2004).[3][4] The European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA), an agency of the European Union, was set up in 2004. ...


According to an article in Mother Jones magazine,[5] the BSA discovered in 1995 that Antel, the Uruguayan national telephone company, had pirated US$100,000 worth of Microsoft, Novell, and Symantec software. The BSA's lawyers in Uruguay quickly filed suit, but dropped the suit in 1997 when Antel signed a "special agreement" with Microsoft to replace all of its software with Microsoft products. This has led to accusations that the BSA is a front for Microsoft, with its other members being enlisted purely to disguise Microsoft's dominant role. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... A telephone company (or telco) provides telecommunications services such as telephony and data communications. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... A front organization is any entity set up by and controlled by another organization, such as intelligence agencies, criminal organizations, banned organizations, religious or political groups, advocacy groups, or corporations. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ...


BSA annual software piracy study

BSA has been heavily criticized about the yearly study it publishes about copyright infringement of software. This study, produced in collaboration with the International Data Corporation, tries to estimate the level of copyright infringement of software in different countries, as well as the resulting losses for the software industry.[6] The methodology consists in estimating the number of computers shipped in a given country, as well as the average quantity of software installed on these machines. Separately, an estimation of the quantity of legitimate software sold in the country is produced, and the difference between the total amount of software estimated to be in use in the country and the estimation of software sold is used as an indicator of the rate of unauthorized copy. A estimation of the total amount lost is produced by multiplying the estimator number of unauthorized copies by the price of the original software. The copyright infringement of software refers to several practices when done without the permission of the copyright holder: Creating a copy and/or selling it. ... IDC Analyze the Future-logo. ...


These estimates have been criticized as being over-exaggerated and many flaws of the methodology have been pointed out; some of the figures seem to be guesses rather than solid data, and some data may not be representative. The calculation of the losses, in particular, assumes that each piece of copied software represents a direct loss of sale for software companies, a very contested assumption.[7] The study's assumptions have been described as being unworthy of a first year student of statistics.[8] In Australia, a draft government report has described these statistics as a "self-serving hyperbole", "unverified and epistemologically unreliable".[9]


These criticisms have been aggravated by the use of the BSA study to lobby for new, stricter copyright laws and to seek tougher penalties for people convicted of copyright infringement on software; in Britain, a judge cited the data provided by the BSA to justify a lengthy prison sentence for two people convicted of copyright infringement.[7]


Other studies published by the BSA, such as a study claiming that software patents are of the same importance to small and medium enterprises and large companies, have also been described as misleading and as using a flawed methodology, but the results have nevertheless been quoted by politicians.[10] Small and medium enterprises or SMEs are companies whose headcount or turnover falls below certain limits. ...


Campaigns

A recent investigative report published by Network World Magazine exposes the dark side of the Business Software Alliance's enforcement campaigns and practices. The article by James Gaskin is titled "Business Software Alliance: Outright Liars or Just Truth Challenged? Don't Expect Fair Play from the Bully Software Alliance."[11]


A Business Software Alliance advertising campaign running on Google as of August 16, 2005 read as follows: "BSA - Official Site Earn up to $200,000 for Reporting Pirated Software - All Confidential bsa.org/reportpiracy." is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Among the more provocative approaches BSA has taken is the Bust Your Boss! campaign that has appeared on billboards, printed publications and on the Internet with the following suggestion: "Is your current or former employer using pirated software in their office? Hit 'em where it really hurts - report their illegal software use today."


Another recent campaign known as "Play It Cyber Safe" features an anti-piracy ferret for a mascot. The supposed goal of the campaign is to "educate children about the importance of protecting and respecting copyrighted works". Starting September 1, 2004, children also got to vote on one of five pre-approved names for the ferret. Trinomial name Mustela putorius furo (Linnaeus, 1758) In general use, a ferret is a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Members

Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Apple Inc. ... Autodesk, Inc. ... Avid Technology, Inc NASDAQ: AVID is an American company specializing in video and audio production technology; specifically, digital non-linear media editing (NLE) systems, management and distribution services. ... Official logo Bentley Systems, Incorporated, provides software for the design, construction and operation of the worlds infrastructure. The company’s software serves the building, plant, civil, and geospatial vertical markets in the areas of architecture, engineering, construction (AEC) and operations. ... Borland Software Corporation is a software company headquartered in Austin, Texas. ... CA, Inc. ... Cadence Design Systems, Inc (Nasdaq: CDN, NYSE: CDN) is an electronic design automation (EDA) software company, founded in 1988 by the merger of SDA Systems and ECAD. As of 2004, Cadence is the worlds largest supplier of electronic design technologies and engineering services. ... A Cisco ASM/2-32EM router deployed at CERN in 1987. ... CNC Software/Mastercam was one of the first companies to introduce PC based CAD/CAM software. ... Dell Inc. ... EMC Corporation (NYSE: EMC) is an American manufacturer of software and systems for information management and storage. ... Entrust (NASDAQ: ENTU) is a publically traded Canadian digital security company and a spinoff of Nortel. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... IBM redirects here. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC; SEHK: 4335) is the worlds largest semiconductor company and the inventor of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in many personal computers. ... McAfee, Inc. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Monotype Imaging, Inc is a typesetting and typeface design company (type foundry) responsible for many developments in printing technology — in particular the Monotype machine which was the first fully mechanical typesetter — and the design and production of typefaces in the 19th and 20th centuries. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ... McAfee, Inc. ... PTC can stand for: Parametric Technology Corporation Phenyl Thio Carbamide Philadelphia Toboggan Company Radio Television of Serbia Positive Temperature Coefficient resistor Parents Television Council Peachtree City Psycho Trader Chinami PTC Corporation Partit del Treball de Catalunya RAF Personnel and Training Command This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation... RSA, The Security Division of EMC Corporation (NYSE: EMC), is headquartered in Bedford, Massachusetts, and maintains offices in Ireland, the United Kingdom, Singapore, and Japan. ... The abbreviation, acronym, or initialism SAP has several different meanings: SAP AG, a German software company, or its various products such as SAP R/3 or SAP Business Information Warehouse second audio program (television) Session Announcement Protocol Soritong audio player Simple As Possible Computer Architecture Structural Adjustment Program of the... SolidWorks is a 3D CAD (computer-aided design) program that runs on Microsoft Windows and was developed by SolidWorks Corporation - now a subsidiary of Dassault Systèmes, S. A.. SolidWorks was introduced in 1993 as a competitor to CAD programs such as Pro/ENGINEER, SDRC I-DEAS (now Unigraphics NX... Sybase Inc. ... Symantec Corporation NASDAQ: SYMC, founded in 1982, is an international corporation which sells computer software, particularly in the realms of security and information management. ... Synopsys, Inc. ... The MathWorks is a company which specializes in technical computing software, including MATLAB, Simulink and Stateflow. ... UGS (previously known as Unigraphics Solutions Inc. ...

Related organizations

  • Canadian Alliance Against Software Theft

The Canadian Alliance Against Software Theft (CAAST) is a Canadian trade group affiliated with the Business Software Alliance. ...

See also

BayTSP is a San Francisco based internet company run by Mark T. Ishikawa whose stated speciality is tracking infringing content on the internet and getting the ISPs of any part of the internet found infringing to shut that content down. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/0,4621,305323,00.html
  2. ^ http://www.networkworld.com/newsletters/sbt/2006/0626networker3.html
  3. ^ http://www.ffii.org/proj/enisa/
  4. ^ http://wiki.ael.be/index.php/ENISA
  5. ^ http://www.motherjones.com/mother_jones/JF98/burstein.html
  6. ^ Third Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study, May 2006. See also http://www.bsa.org/globalstudy/ for general information about the study.
  7. ^ a b The Economist. "Dodgy software piracy data", 2005-05-19. An excerpt is available at http://copyfight.corante.com/archives/2005/05/25/the_economist_rails_on_flawed_bsa_piracy_study.php.
  8. ^ ZDNet UK. "Lies, damn lies and statistics. 2005-06-24.
  9. ^ Simon Hayes. "Piracy stats don't add up". The Australian, 2006-11-07.
  10. ^ Ingrid Marson. "BSA figures do not add up". ZDNet UK, 2005-06-24
  11. ^ http://www.networkworld.com/newsletters/sbt/2006/0626networker3.html

The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In 1989 Ziff Davis Inc. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... The Australian (informally referred to as The Oz) is a national daily broadsheet newspaper published by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 190 days remaining. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Business Software Alliance - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (455 words)
Robert Holleyman is its current president and CEO, the BSA employs a team of over 100 lawyers and investigators, which it uses to prosecute "thousands of cases a year" in conjunction with local law enforcement.
BSA has not been reported to support Free Software Foundation or other free software groups in their actions of copyright enforcement.
BSA has been heavily criticised for its aggressive tactics in forcing small businesses to allow BSA members onto their premises for audits, and for its presumption of guilt until an audit proves one innocent.
Encyclopedia: Business Software Alliance (1587 words)
A software audit is an investigation of the software installed on the computers in an organisation with the purpose of ensuring that it is all legal and authorised and to ensure that its process of processing transactions or events is correct.
The Free Software Foundation logo The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit organization founded in October 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project.
BSA has not been reported to support Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit organisation founded in 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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