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Encyclopedia > Bushey
Bushey

Coordinates: 51.6365° N 0.3467° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Population 24,000
OS grid reference TQ132952
District Hertsmere
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BUSHEY
Postcode district WD23
Dial code 020, 01923
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament Hertsmere
European Parliament East of England
List of places: UKEnglandHertfordshire

Bushey (population 24,000) is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire in the South East of England. This article covers both Bushey and the neighbouring area of Bushey Heath. Image File history File links Greater_london_outline_map_bw. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Hertsmere is a local government district and borough in Hertfordshire, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The WD postcode area, also known as the Watford postcode area, is a group of 11 postal districts around the town of Watford in Hertfordshire, England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Hertfordshire Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the county of Hertfordshire in England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The (Hertfordshire) fire and rescue service with 29 stations across the county they are : * Baldock and Letchworth Fire Station * Berkhamsted Fire Station * (Bishops Stortford Fire Station) * Borehamwood Fire Station * Buntingford Fire Station * Bushey Fire Station * Cheshunt Fire Station * Garston Fire Station * Harpenden Fire Station * Hatfield Fire Station * Hemel Hempstead Fire... Crest of NHS ambulance services in England Crest of the Scottish Ambulance Service In the UK, the majority of ambulance services are provided under the National Health Service through local ambulance trusts. Each trust is specific to a county or area, and so the country is divided across a number... The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Luton, Norfolk, Peterborough, Southend-on-Sea, Suffolk and Thurrock, in the East of England region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Hertsmere is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... East of England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of settlements in the ceremonial county of Hertfordshire, England. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Hertsmere is a local government district and borough in Hertfordshire, England. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ...

Contents

History

The first written record of Bushey is an account in the Domesday Book, which describes a small agricultural village named 'Bissei' (which later became ‘Biss(h)e’ and then ‘Bisheye’ during the twelfth century) . However, chance archaeological findings of Stone Age tools provide evidence that the area was inhabited as far back as the Palaeolithic period. The town also has links to the Roman occupation of Britain, with the main road running through it being Roman; sites of possible Roman villas being unearthed in the area; and a Roman tessellated pavement was discovered near the road 'Chiltern Avenue'. A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic – lit. ... Principal sites in Roman Britain Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ...


The origin of the town’s name is not fully known. With the original name ‘Bissei’, an early theory in Reverend J.B. Johnstone’s book The Place-Names of England and Wales states that it may have meant ‘Byssa’s Isle’, and that it started life as a lake-village surrounded by marshes, streams and lakes. However, a more modern theory (albeit a less romantic one) is that it is simply derived from the Old English word bysce and Old French boisseie, meaning a ‘place covered with wood’. The latter theory could prove more apt, as the town is located on the border of the Chiltern Valleys, which were once covered in dense forests of oak, elm, ash, hazel and juniper.


Bushey Heath’s story begins in the Napoleonic War during a large food shortage. To help solve the problem, the government awarded the waste land to the east of Bushey to Bushey landowners to be used as farming; this land was more generally known as Bushey Common. It is doubtful that any of it was actually used to produce food due to the poor, clayey soil conditions, but being 500 feet above the sea and having beautiful and broad views was to give birth to the attractive neighbourhood we know today.


The 19th and 20th Centuries marked the time of most change in Bushey, especially between the years 1860 and 1960. The population rose 28-fold within 200 years, from 856 in 1801, to just under 24,000 today. This expansion was due to many reasons, one of the main ones being due to the boom in industry caused by the railway in the early 20th century. A result of this was that many new jobs were created in and around Watford, and in the early 1920s, Bushey's first council houses were built. More housing was later built for the service families working in defence organisations in Stanmore and Northwood. The expansion eventually died down, due to much of the land in and around Bushey being protected under the green belt after the Second World War. Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... Stanmore is a place in the London Borough of Harrow, in London, England. ... Northwood is a suburb of London in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... In city planning, the Green Belt is a concept for controlling metropolitan growth introduced around London, England by minister of housing Duncan Sandys via a Government Circular. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


This same green belt legislation was also partly responsible for the abandonment of the pre-war Edgware to Bushey Heath extension as part of the Northern Heights programme of the Northern Line underground railway. The green belt put great restrictions on new development, and the plan was to use the new railway to stimulate new housing around the new route; without the new housing the route was deemed no longer viable. However, as work was advanced at the onset of war the depot was completed for use as bomber manufacture, and following the Second World War and green belt coming into force it was converted into the Aldenham bus depot (of Cliff Richard's Summer Holiday fame), which it remained until 1985, when it became derelict. It was redeveloped in 1996 and is now the Centennial Park[1] industrial estate. Bushey Heath station would have been located at the intersection[2] of the 'Elstree road' and 'Northwestern Avenue'. Conceptual plans existed in the 1903 Act of Parliament for an Edgware to Watford railway that would have seen the railway extended at a later date though Bushey village and on to Watford market, though even less came of this than the partially completed Edgware to Bushey Heath stretch. In city planning, the Green Belt is a concept for controlling metropolitan growth introduced around London, England by minister of housing Duncan Sandys via a Government Circular. ... Edgware tube station is a London Underground station in Edgware, in the London Borough of Barnet, in north London. ... Bushey Heath tube station was an unbuilt London Underground station in Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire. ... For other uses, see Northern Line (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Northern Line (disambiguation). ... In city planning, the Green Belt is a concept for controlling metropolitan growth introduced around London, England by minister of housing Duncan Sandys via a Government Circular. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... In city planning, the Green Belt is a concept for controlling metropolitan growth introduced around London, England by minister of housing Duncan Sandys via a Government Circular. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Bushey Heath tube station was an unbuilt London Underground station in Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire. ... An Act of Parliament or Act is law enacted by the parliament (see legislation). ... Edgware is a is suburb situated 9. ... Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... Edgware tube station is a London Underground station in Edgware, in the London Borough of Barnet, in north London. ... Bushey Heath tube station was an unbuilt London Underground station in Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire. ...


Stories, legends and folklore

The lack of farming in Bushey Heath meant that it was a heavily wooded area up to the 18th century, and this, added to the lack of street lighting and police, meant that Bushey Heath’s history is full of tales of thieves, highwaymen, and even murder. According to Grant Longman's Robberies on Bushey Heath, the road from Bushey Heath to Stanmore is said to be where the highwaymen lurked, ready to raid the dozen or so caravans that passed through Bushey Heath daily, carrying money from their trade in London. Before venturing through the pass, parties of travellers and merchants would form at the Boot Inn in Edgware and The Three Crowns in Bushey Heath, so they didn’t have to venture through the pass alone. Although one of the highwaymen responsible for the attacks is rumoured to have been the notorious Dick Turpin, evidence suggests that he was instead more active in the region of Essex. Stanmore is a place in the London Borough of Harrow, in London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Edgware is a is suburb situated 9. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ...


Local government

Bushey was an ancient parish. It was subdivided by the Local Government Act 1894 into two: the part which was within the Watford urban district became the 'Bushey Urban' parish, in the Watford Rural District, and the part which was outside became 'Bushey Rural' parish. Subsequently, in 1906, the Bushey Urban parish was renamed Oxhey, and the Bushey Rural parish became the parish of Bushey in the Bushey Urban District. A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... The Local Government Act 1894 (57 & 58 Vict. ... Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... Watford was a rural district in Hertfordshire, England, from 1894 to 1974. ... Oxhey is a suburb of the borough of Watford in the county of Hertfordshire, England. ...


Modern day

Being located near several film studios at Elstree and Borehamwood, Bushey and Bushey Heath frequently feature as backdrops for many film and TV shows. Most notable is a bus scene in the Canon and Ball film (you can see 'Balfour News' as they get off the bus- since taken over by 'Co-op'). Several historic buildings in Bushey, notably the old Masonic School, have been used in films such as Nuns on the Run, Out of Bounds (2004 film), and also the comedy series Little Britain. Many of The Avengers TV series episodes include location shots around this area, and the latter half of the 'Confessions of a Driving Instructor' is entirely shot on the roads between Elstree and Bushey, finishing in the car dump at 'Bushey Breakers'. Nuns on the Run is a popular British comedy film of 1990, starring Robbie Coltrane and Eric Idle. ... Little Britain is a character-based BBC radio and television sketch show written by and starring Matt Lucas and David Walliams. ... The most famous incarnation of The Avengers, John Steed (Patrick Macnee) and Emma Peel (Diana Rigg) appear on the cover of a 1994 reprint of an Avengers novel co-written by Macnee. ...


An old American University located in The Avenue has also been the set for a number of films over a long period of time, films made there include Harry Potter and Monty Python just to name a couple. This site is currently being redeveloped for residential usage, with the 1960s additions to the site being marked for demolition. This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Monty Python, or The Pythons, is the collective name of the creators of Monty Python’s Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. ...


The university of London, located in the Bushey Area has been used in the filming of BBC's Grange Hill and also for various other programmes, such as [[family business]. Students from local schools including Bushey Hall and Bushey Meads have taken part as extras in productions such as My Dad's the Prime Minister. Grange Hill is a British childrens television drama series which is shown on BBC One. ... My Dads the Prime Minister is a British sitcom written by Ian Hislop and Nick Newman. ...


Bushey Heath is known to nearby places for its duck pond (Warren Lake) which was restored in 1992 after falling into dereliction.


There are many schools within the area, most notably Queens' School, Bushey Hall School and Bushey Meads School all of which generally do well in comparison with other schools in the area. It is also where the famous Purcell School is based, a school for young musicians well known for turning out many successful musicians. The Purcell School in Hertfordshire is a specialist music school in Great Britain. ...


Local heroes

A man who definitely deserves a mention in the history of Bushey was Hubert Herkomer, a poor immigrant from Bavaria who arrived in Bushey in 1874, and ended life in 1914 as Sir Hubert von Herkomer RA CVO. Herkomer visited a friend who lived in Bushey in 1873, fell in love with the nearby Bushey Village, then rented a pair of cottages and a studio near Melbourne Road. With his artistic talents, he founded Herkomer’s Art School at Bushey in 1883, which, in its 21 year life, attracted some 500 students to the area. He is sometimes referred to as having founded Bushey, giving it an artistic reputation and leaving us with the many paintings by his pupils of past life in the town, a lot of which are on display in the Bushey Museum. During his life Bushey became the world centre for the peculiarly British art of Watercolour. A street, Herkomer Road, is named in his honour. Sir Hubert von Herkomer (1849 - 1914), British painter, was born at Waal, in Bavaria, and eight years later was brought to England by his father, a wood-carver of great ability. ... Bushey Museum is in Bushey, Hertfordshire. ...


At around 1888, he built Lululaund, a Bavarian ‘castle’, which was named after his second wife Lulu Griffiths. Unfortunately, after being married only for a year, she died saving a small child from being run over by a carriage. Lululaund dominated the Bushey skyline until 1939 when it was demolished; although it is said that it was demolished in fear of the running cost, there is speculation as to whether it was destroyed in a fit of anti-German rage at the start of the Second World War. Only the brick arched portal and the ornamental rose garden remains today; a lot of the building was used as hardcore for Bovingdon Airfield, and much of the grand carvings inside the castle were burnt. The inhabitants of Bushey have been bitter about the demolition of the castle ever since; not only is it a beautiful building lost, but it would have stood as a symbol of Bushey’s artistic past. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Sir Hubert is mainly remembered as an artist today, but in his time he was a polymath, becoming involved in some of the earliest film productions in Europe and starting a series of races and time trials for automobiles in Germany which eventually became the Formula 1 races which we know today.


On Sir Hurbert's death leadership of his Art School was taken over by Lucy Kemp-Welch, who became famous for her paintings of horses. The last remanent of an artistic connection in the village is in fact a gallery named in her honour close to the village church. It is more usually used as a Village Hall today, but a recent exhibition there (September 2006) by students from the Chelsea College of Art holds promise that it may revive. The former Royal Army Medical College (north block shown here), is being absorbed by Chelsea College of Art and Design. ...


More recently, Bushey was the hometown of George Michael and Andrew Ridgeley. Bushey is also the hometown of poker player John Gale. The Middlesex, Surrey and England cricketer Mark Ramprakash was also born here. Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou (Greek: Γιώργος-Κυριάκος Παναγιώτου), better known as George Michael (born on June 25, 1963) is an English [1] singer-songwriter and pop star who performs soul influenced pop, and who (as a solo artist and half of the duo WHAM!) has enjoyed global success since 1982. ... Andrew Ridgeley (born Andrew John Ridgeley, 26 January 1963, in Windlesham, Surrey), is an English pop singer, guitarist and environmentalist. ... A game of Texas holdem, the most popular form of poker, in progress. ... John Gale is an English poker player from Bushey, Hertfordshire. ... Mark Ravin Ramprakash (born 5 September 1969 in Bushey, Hertfordshire is an English cricketer. ...


Peter Copley, actor was born in Bushey. Peter Copley (born 20 May 1915 in Bushey, Hertfordshire, England) is an actor, best remembered for his appearances on television. ...


Phil Gillies, onetime Canadian Member of Parliament and Cabinet Minister, was born in Bushey. The Jewish British-Canadian Barbara Amiel, wife of newspaper baron Conrad Black (Lord Black of Crossharbour), is a Bushey native and was born in Watford. Barbara Joan Estelle Amiel, Lady Black of Crossharbour (born in Watford, Hertfordshire, UK on December 4, 1940), is a British-Canadian journalist and writer. ... Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ...


Dr Thomas Monro, who was the Principal Physician of Bedlam and who attended on King George III in his last illness, settled his family here in the 19th century. Descended from the Munro family of Fowlis, the Monros were a notable dynasty of doctors to London in the 18th and 19th century where they were involved in early work on curing insanity. Four generations occupied successively the position of (Principle) Physician of the notorious Bethlem Hospital (Bedlam). ... The Bethlem Royal Hospital, (which has been variously known as Bethlem Hospital, Bethlehem Hospital and Bedlam) is the worlds oldest madhouse or psychiatric hospital. ...


Veteran British actor Trevor Howard lived in Bushey, in his later life until the time of his death. Trevor Howard Trevor Howard CBE (September 29, 1913 - January 7, 1988) was a British actor. ...


Bushey was also home to Hillside Studios where various programmes were made including The Tube and Pob's Programme. The Tube may refer to: The London Underground Television generally The Tube (London Underground TV series), an ITV/Sky programme featuring the work of staff on the London Underground The Tube (TV series), a former Channel 4 (UK) music programme The Tube (TV channel), US music video channel The Port... Pob Pobs Programme was a childrens television programme, which aired in the United Kingdom on Channel 4 between October 1985 and 1988. ...


Twin town

Bushey has been twinned with German town Landsberg am Lech in Southern Germany (Bavaria) for its historical link. Landsberg is the native home of artist Herkomer detailed above. The towns retain links for mayorial duties and school exchange trips. Landsberg am Lech is a town in the southwest of Bavaria, Germany, about 50 kilometers west of Munich and 35 kilometers south of Augsburg. ...


See also

Services External links Train times for Bushey railway station from National Rail Street map and aerial photo of Bushey railway station from Multimap. ... The BMS school logo Bushey Meads School is a secondary school in Bushey, Hertfordshire, UK. It is the one of the most popular schools in the area and is the most recommended place in Hertfordshire for Sixth form studies. ... Bushey Museum is in Bushey, Hertfordshire. ...

References

  • Youngs, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England: Volume 1

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bushey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1230 words)
Bushey (population 24,000) is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire in the East of England.
Bushey Heath is known to nearby places for its duck pond (Warren Lake), the Hyundai garage and the sheer number of Estate Agents proliferating in an area the size of a small postage stamp.
The lack of farming in Bushey Heath meant that it was a heavily wooded area up to the 18th century, and this, added to the lack of street lighting and police, meant that Bushey Heath’s history is full of tales of thieves, highwaymen, and even murder.
Donald Bushey: Sports enthusiast, accountant (348 words)
Bushey was born in Flint and graduated from Flint Central High, where he was a member of the state championship football team.
Bushey loved to ski and was an active member of the National Ski Patrol, a Colorado-based rescue group that helps injured people on ski slopes.
Bushey is survived by three daughters, Lois Hooker, Lark Bushey-Shanku and Pamela Bushey, and eight grandchildren.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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