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Encyclopedia > Bush administration payment of columnists
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The Bush administration payment of columnists refers to the payment of public funds to right-wing media commentators by several U.S. executive departments under Cabinet officials to promote various policies of U.S. President George W. Bush's administration. Thousands of dollars were paid to at least three commentators to promote Bush administration policies. Jump to: navigation, search In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the Right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... The United States Federal Executive Departments are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States—the Departments of State, War, and the Treasury all being established within a few weeks of each other in 1789. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... The President of the United States (often abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States and a former Governor of the State of Texas. ...

The payments were revealed on January 7, 2005, in an investigative report by Greg Toppo of USA Today. USA Today had obtained the information through documents provided by the U.S. Department of Education after the newspaper had made a Freedom of Information Act request. The documents showed that Armstrong Williams, a prominent syndicated black columnist and commentator on CNN and CNBC, had received $241,000 of tax money through the Education Department's contract with Ketchum Communications, a public relations firm. In exchange for the money, Williams promoted the No Child Left Behind initiative and encouraged other black journalists and commentators to provide favorable views of the law. Williams admitted that he had received the payments and wrote a column entitled "My Apology," admitting to the charges but writing that he "did not change [his] views just because my PR firm was receiving paid advertising promoting the No Child Left Behind Act." Williams' column was cancelled by the Tribune Company, which had previously syndicated his work. January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The USA Today logo USA Today is a national American newspaper published by the Gannett Corporation. ... The United States Department of Education was created in 1979 (by PL 96-88) as a Cabinet-level department of the United States government, and began operating in 1980. ... Nearly sixty countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation, which sets rules on governmental secrecy. ... Armstrong Williams (born February 5, 1959) is an African American political commentator. ... A columnist is a journalist who produces a specific form of writing for publication called a column. Columns appear in newspapers, magazines and the Internet. ... The term Pundit has multiple meanings: A pundit or pandit, in the culture of India, is a master of traditional religious poetry and/or traditional music. ... Cable News Network (CNN) is a cable television network that was founded in 1980 by Ted Turner & Reese Schonfeld [1] [2] (although the latter is not currently recognized in CNNs official history). ... CNBC (formerly the Consumer News and Business Channel) is a group of cable and satellite television news channels from the U.S., owned and operated by NBC Universal, a subsidiary of General Electric. ... The meaning of the term Public relations (PR) is controversial. ... Signing ceremony at Hamilton High School in Hamilton, Ohio. ... The Tribune Company is a large multimedia corporation based in Chicago, Illinois. ...

A second syndicated columnist, Maggie Gallagher, was revealed to have also accepted public funds from the Bush administration. An article by Howard Kurtz of The Washington Post first reported on January 26 that Gallagher had received $41,500 in two federal contracts from the Department of Health and Human Services for authoring brochures, a magazine article and a report and briefing government employees in support of Bush's marriage initiative, which redirected welfare funds to pay for premarital counseling and abstinence education. Maggie Gallagher is a United States writer and commentator who has written a syndicated column for Universal Press Syndicate since 1995. ... The Washington Post is the largest and oldest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The United States Department of Health and Human Services, often abbreviated HHS, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. ... Welfare has four main meanings. ... Sex education is education about sexual reproduction in human beings, sexual intercourse and other aspects of human sexual behavior. ...

Michael McManus is the third person to be implicated, in an article by Tom Hamburger of The Los Angeles Times on January 28. It was revealed that McManus, who is a self-described marriage advocate and writes the "Ethics & Religion" column that appears in 50 regional newspapers, was paid through a subcontractor with a consulting firm that does work for the Department of Health and Human Services. The payments were said to be $4,000 plus travel expenses, with an additional $49,000 paid to his organization, Marriage Savers Inc. Michael McManus (born February 5, 1959) is a syndicated columnist who write Ethics & Religion. ... The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


  • Gallagher, Maggie. "A question of disclosure." January 26, 2005. [1]
  • Hamburger, Tom. "Federal Contracts With Columnists Prompt Change in Policy." The Los Angeles Times. January 28, 2005. [2]
  • Kurtz, Howard. "Writer backing Bush plan had gotten federal contract." The Washington Post. January 26, 2005. [3]
  • Toppo, Greg. "Education Dept. paid commentator to promote law." USA Today. January 7, 2005. [4]
  • Williams, Armstrong. "My apology." January 10, 2005. [5]



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