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Encyclopedia > Bus rapid transit

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Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a broad term given to a variety of transportation systems that, through improvements to infrastructure, vehicles and scheduling, attempt to use buses to provide a service that is of a higher quality than an ordinary bus line. Each BRT system uses different improvements, although many improvements are shared by many BRT systems. The goal of such systems is to at least approach the service quality of rail transit while still enjoying the cost savings of bus transit. The expression BRT is mainly used in North America; in Europe, it is often called busway, while elsewhere, one may speak of quality bus or simply bus service while raising the quality. A share taxi is a mode of transport that falls between private transport and conventional bus transport, with a fixed route, but the convenience of stopping anywhere to pick or drop passengers, etc. ... Autobus redirects here. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... Autobus redirects here. ...


Bus rapid transit takes part of its name from rapid transit which describes a high-capacity rail transport system with its own right-of-way, its alignment often being elevated or running in tunnels, and typically running long trains at short headways of a few minutes. Because of the name similarity one tends to associate the merits of rapid transit also with the newer BRT expression. BRT encompasses a broad variety of modes, including those known or formerly known as express buses, limited busways and rapid busways and even BHNS in France (Bus à Haut Niveau de Service). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... BRT may mean: Be right there in Internet slang. ...


Ironically, the term bus rapid transit does not refer to the speed of BRT buses. Typical transit speeds of BRT systems range from 12 to 30 miles per hour (19 to 48 km/h) which compares well with surface running LRT.[1] This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


Main BRT features

These bus systems can come in a variety of forms, from dedicated busways that have their own rights-of-way (e.g., Ottawa's Transitway or the Pittsburgh MLK East Busway) to bus services that utilize HOV lanes and dedicated freeway lanes (e.g., Honolulu's CityExpress) to limited stop buses on pre-existing routes.-1... OC Transpo articulated bus The Transitway is one of the most extensive and successful implementations of Bus Rapid Transit; many of the Transitway roads are above or below the grade of normal streets in Ottawa, by the use of overpasses, bridges, and trench highways. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... A permanent, separated high-occupancy vehicle lane on I-91 in Connecticut A high occupancy vehicle (or HOV) is any vehicle with a driver and one or more (or sometimes two or more, or three or more) passengers. ... For the city and county of Honolulu, see City & County of Honolulu. ...


An ideal bus rapid transit service would be expected to include most of the following features:

  • Bus only, grade-separated (or at-grade exclusive) right-of-way : The main feature of a BRT system is having dedicated bus lanes which operate separate from all other traffic modes. This allows buses to operate at a very high level of reliability since only professional motorists are allowed on the busway. A side benefit of this are lower construction costs since busways can be engineered to tighter standards and still remain safe compared to a roadway open to non-professional drivers.
    • Such a right of way may be elevated; on rare occasions, the right of way may be a modified rail right of way,
    • A bus street or transit mall can be created in an urban center by dedicating all lanes of a city street to the exclusive use of buses,
    • Low-cost infrastructure elements that can increase the speed and reliability of bus service include bus turnouts, bus boarding islands, and curb realignments.
  • Comprehensive coverage : In addition to using dedicated busways, BRTs can also take advantage of existing roadways in cities that already have a comprehensive road network for private automobiles. Service can be made more time efficient and reliable than a standard bus system by taking advantage of bus priority methods.
  • Serves a diverse market with high-frequency all day service : A BRT network with comprehensive coverage can serve a diverse market (all income ranges) by moving people from their current location to their destination with high frequency and reliability while maintaining a high level of customer experience. As with any transit system, if any of these benefits are taken out of the equation, or do not provide better service than other modes of transit, the network will not be able to serve as diverse a market or offer high-frequency service without heavy subsidy.
  • Bus priority / bus lanes : Preferential treatment of buses at intersections can involve the extension of green time or actuation of the green light at signalized intersections upon detection of an approaching bus. Intersection priority can be particularly helpful when implemented in conjunction with bus lanes or streets, because general-purpose traffic does not intervene between buses and traffic signals.
  • Vehicles with tram-like characteristics : [1] RUZway]

Recent technological developments such as bi-articulated buses and guided buses have benefited the set up of BRT systems. The main developments are: This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A bus lane in Mannheim, Germany A bus lane in Athens, Greece. ... A Mississauga Transit bus in Mississauga Ontario. ... Adelaide O-Bahn The guide wheel of a guided bus in Mannheim, Germany A Fastway bus in the guided bus lane on Southgate Avenue, Crawley Guided buses are buses steered for part or all of their route by external means, usually on a dedicated track. ...

    • Improved riding quality (guided buses, electronic drivetrain control smoothing the operation),
    • Increased capacity (bi-articulated or double decker),
    • Reduced operating costs (hybrid electric power train).
  • A specific image with a brand name : (Viva, Max, TransMilenio...) and specific stations with state of the art features, automatic vending machines...
  • Off-bus fare collection : Conventional on board collection of fares slows the boarding process, particularly when a variety of fares is collected for different destinations and/or classes of passengers. An alternative would be the collection of fares upon entering an enclosed bus station or shelter area prior to bus arrivals (similar to how fares are collected at a kiosk before entering a subway system). This system would allow passengers to board through all doors of a stopped bus.
    Bus stop of the Rede Integrada de Transporte (RIT) in Curitiba, Brazil.
    Bus stop of the Rede Integrada de Transporte (RIT) in Curitiba, Brazil.
  • Level boarding : Many BRT systems also use low floor buses (or high level platforms with high floor buses) to speed up passenger boardings and enhance accessibility.
  • Stations : High quality BRT systems also feature significant investment in enclosed stations which may incorporate attractive sliding glass doors, staffed ticket booths & information booths, and other more standard features listed here such as off-bus fare collection (sometimes through turnstiles), and level boarding. This style of station is particularly prevelant in Latin America, while most North American systems tend to use open platform stops, or shelter-style platform stops.

Acceptance of BRT may increase using trolley-buses, because of the lower gaseous and noise emissions. The price penalty of installing overhead lines can be repaid over a longer period by the savings from centrally generated electricity[citation needed]. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 835 KB) Information Description: Bus Stops Source: photo taken by Morio Date: 3 January 2006, Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil Author: Morio Permission: You can use this picture freely. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 835 KB) Information Description: Bus Stops Source: photo taken by Morio Date: 3 January 2006, Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil Author: Morio Permission: You can use this picture freely. ... Red Integrada de Transporte is a bus rapid transit system in Curitiba, Brazil Routes Express buses: These are large high-capacity buses that have exclusive traffic lanes, spreading radially from the city centre in 5 directions. ... Nickname: Motto: A cidade da gente (Our City) Location of Curitiba Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ... A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... The overhead lines of a Swiss Federal Railways track. ...


Controversies

Opponents of bus rapid transit initiatives argue that BRT is not an effective replacement for light rail or subway services. They argue that in order for BRT to have greatest effect, it must have its own right-of-way requiring space and often construction costs. A regular bus service would share the road with cars; a BRT service operating in mixed traffic would be subject to the same congestion, delays, and jarring and swaying rides as do ordinary city buses. Furthermore, signal priority systems, which are often the sole factor differentiating BRT from regular limited-stop bus service (most notably in Los Angeles' extensive "Rapid" system), might cause severe disruptions to traffic flow on major cross streets. Opponents argued that this merely redistributes, rather than reduces, the traffic congestion problems that BRT systems are designed to alleviate. On the other hand, many light rail systems also utilize signal priority system and railroad-style crossing gates (with long cycle times) to speed up service as well, and in the same time both BRT and light rail get more persons across a road junction than car traffic. The widespread belief that the most effective method of solving traffic congestion problems is to discourage private car usage and the preferential treatment of buses in intersections, along with the conversion of some roads to exclusive bus right-of-ways, will help. A right-of-way (plural: rights-of-way) is an easement or strip of land granted to a railroad company upon which to build a railroad. ... Image:MetroRapid761 GettyCenterS e. ...


Also, the original system designed in Curitiba, Brazil, aimed to channel development along the BRT corridor. Retrofitting such a system in cities that have a different pattern of development may not be adequate to address the issues in those cities, or in most cases may be an aid for politicians to 'eco-wash' their stay in office. The original system is also part of a three street network that does not impede road width or road accessibility for traditional usage. It does not affect the character of the street, and clearly, that is the success story of Curitiba. Having dedicated lanes on narrow roads may adversely affect activity on those roads, and could lead to a situation like Howard St in Baltimore which has dedicated Light Rail lanes, but is increasingly treated like a backyard or a corridor for movement, and its distinct lack of character undermines its neighborhood. Another prime example of a disastrous effect of BRT has been in New Delhi. One of its most prime, widest main roads started having huge traffic pileups ever since the BRT was inaugurated in 2008. However, it should be noted that much of the controversy arises from the wide range of definitions of BRT. Nickname: Motto: A cidade da gente (Our City) Location of Curitiba Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ...


Comparison with other forms of mass transit

BRT attempts to combine the advantages of a metro system (exclusive right-of-way to improve punctuality and frequency) with the advantages of a bus system (low construction and maintenance costs, does not require exclusive right-of-way for entire length, at least at the beginning).


Compared to standard bus service BRT systems with dedicated right-of-way and thus an increased average transport speed can provide more passenger-miles with the same number of rolling stock and personnel. They also offer the prospect of a more fluent ride than a normal bus immersed in stop-and-go traffic.


It is simplistic to use calculations to predict the capacity of BRT and normal buses and say typical buses are 12 metres (40 feet) long, articulated buses 18 metres (60 feet). The maximum length for a street-running tram consist (in Germany) is 75 metres (about 250 feet). Light rail systems running in-street are limited to one city block in length, unless, as in Sacramento, CA, they are allowed to obstruct intersections when stopped. Metro trains can be 240 m (about 800 feet) long.


With similar dwell times in stations the capacity of rail systems would scale with the length of the train. For instance, a light rail system running on two-minute headways with 200-passenger cars operating as single units could carry 6,000 passengers per hour. It should theoretically therefore carry 12,000 passengers per hour with two-car trains, and 24,000 per hour with four-car trains. In practice real world delays multiply and headways become disrupted causing a practical limitation of around 12 to 19,000[2]


BRT's futuristic system in India

BRT in new concept is working like LRT too as there were such types of Buses were under development with Multimodal Transit system is best alternative and which may be one leap ahead version with more flexibility and there is no need to interchange by commuters but whole vehicle interchanges its travelling mode which is never ever introduced any wherer in the world which is going to develop in INDIA by Innovative Transport and Vehicle Development[2][www.geocities.com/solartransit/index.html] in SURAT city in Guajrat state.In near future prototype with test and demontration track will be commisioned.


The best source of information capacity comes from a study that actually stood at the side of the road and counted passengers. As quoted in.[3] a survey by the UK Transport Research Laboratory revealed:


Exhibit 3-22: Maximum Observed Peak Hour Bus Flows, Capacities, and Passenger Flows at Peak Load Points on Transitways


Measured Peak Hour Passenger Flow (Passengers / Hour)


Designated Lane: Ankara, Istanbul, Abidjan 7,300 – 19,500 Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... Freeway along the Ébrié Lagoon near the Plateau, Abidjans business district and centre of the city. ...


Designated Lanes with Feeders Curitiba, Brazil 13,900 – 24,100 Nickname: Motto: A cidade da gente (Our City) Location of Curitiba Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ...


Designated Lanes with Bus Ordering (Travelling in Clusters) Porto Alegre 17,500 – 18,300 This article is about Porto Alegre, Brazil. ...


Designated Lanes with Overlapping Routes, Passing at Stations and Express Routes


Belo Horizonte, São Paulo 15,800-20,300 Nickname: Motto: Location of Belo Horizonte Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1901 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... This article is about the city. ...


However, many BRT systems such as OC Transpo Transitway, Ottawa and South-East Busway, Brisbane are based on multiple bus routes sharing a common dedicated busway to bypass congestion, especially to/from a central business district. In this form, the BRT system passenger capacity is limited by vehicle capacity times vehicle headway of the busway. As buses can operate at headways as low as 10 seconds between vehicles (compared to at least one minute headways for rail vehicles), actual busway capacity can reach passenger rail capacities. At the high end, the Lincoln Tunnel XBL bus lane carries 62,000 commuters in the 4 hour morning peak, more than any Light Rail Line. However, this lane has no stops in it. Stops increase the headway and limit a BRT lane to about 10,000 passengers per hour, even with passing lanes in the stations. Note that this is still five times the number carried in the automobiles in a congested freeway lane. OC Transpo articulated bus The Transitway is one of the most extensive and successful implementations of Bus Rapid Transit; many of the Transitway roads are above or below the grade of normal streets in Ottawa, by the use of overpasses, bridges, and trench highways. ... The South-East Busway is a grade separated bus-only corridor running south from the Brisbane CBD to Eight Mile Plains, in South-East Queensland. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... The Lincoln Tunnel is a 1. ...


Many agencies make a clear distinction between a pure BRT, which is in exclusive lanes, and a more compromised form in mixed traffic. For example, the Los Angeles Orange Line runs entirely in an exclusive lane and therefore achieves speed and reliability comparable to rail. Because it is functionally equivalent to rail, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority presents this line as part of its rail transit system, distinct from its "Rapid" lines, which run in mixed traffic. NABI 60-BRT Orange Line bus at Warner Center Transit Hub Side view of the NABI 60-BRT at Warner Center Transit Hub Interior view of the NABI 60-BRT. The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its... Image:MetroRapid761 GettyCenterS e. ...


The typical diesel engine on the bus causes noticeable levels of air pollution, noise and vibrations. Through developing buses as hybrid vehicles and the use of new forms of trolleybus BRT designers hope to increase ride quality and decrease pollution. As the energy use for acceleration is proportional to the vehicle mass, electric traction allows lighter vehicles, faster acceleration and energy that can be fed back into batteries or the grid through regenerative brakes. Regenerative braking is standard on modern rail systems. Air pollution is the human introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damage the environment. ... This article is about noise as in sound. ... See: Hybrid Vehicle ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... For other uses, see Battery. ... A regenerative brake is an apparatus, a device or system which allows a vehicle to recapture and store part of the kinetic energy that would otherwise be lost to heat when braking. ...


In contrast to BRT, both Light Rail and rapid transit require the placement of rails for the whole line. The tram usually avoids the high additional costs for the engineering structures like tunnels that need to be built for metros. Rail tends to provide a smoother ride and is known to attract significantly higher passenger numbers than road-based systems. This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


Many BRT designers have used the need to construct power conduit systems as an argument against Light Rail, but a new proposal, known as ultra light rail, would have trams carry their own power, much like a bus, at a significant energy savings due to lack of rolling resistance.


In larger towns and cities, such as Essen, Germany and Pittsburgh, USA, it is common for a right of way exclusive to public transport to be used by both light rail and buses. Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


BRT in metro tunnels

A special issue arises in the use of bus vehicles in metro structures. Since the areas where the demand for an exclusive bus right-of-way is apt to be in dense downtown areas where an above-ground structure may be unacceptable on historic, logistic, or environmental grounds, use of BRT in fully underground tunnels may not be avoidable. Pioneer Square Station, Seattle Metro Bus Tunnel, taken by Jkiang, August 12, 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Pioneer Square Station, Seattle Metro Bus Tunnel, taken by Jkiang, August 12, 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Pioneer Square Station The Metro Bus Tunnel, also referred to as the (Downtown) Seattle Transit Tunnel is a 1. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ...


Since buses are almost universally operated by internal combustion engines, bus metros raise ventilation issues similar to those of tunnels. In the case of tunnels, powerful fans typically exchange air through ventilation structures on the surface, but are usually placed in a location as remote as possible from occupied areas to minimize the effects of noise and concentrated pollution. A colored automobile engine The internal combustion engine is an engine in which the combustion of fuel and an oxidizer (typically air) occurs in a confined space called a combustion chamber. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ...


A straightforward way to deal with this is to use electrical propulsion in tunnels and, in fact, Seattle in its Metro Bus Tunnel and Boston in Phase II of its Silver Line are using this method in their respective BRTs. In the case of Seattle, dual-mode (electric/diesel electric) buses manufactured by Breda were used until 2004, with the center axle driven by electric motors obtaining power from a trolley wire through a trolley pole in the subway, and with the rear axle driven by a conventional diesel powertrain on freeways and streets. Boston is using a similar approach, after initially using electric trolleybuses to provide service pending delivery of the dual mode vehicles in 2005. In 2004, Seattle replaced its "Transit Tunnel" fleet with diesel-electric hybrid buses, which operate similarly to hybrid cars outside the tunnel and in a low-noise, low-emissions "hush mode" (in which the diesel engine operates but does not exceed idle speed) when underground. City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Pioneer Square Station The Metro Bus Tunnel, also referred to as the Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel, is a 1. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Map The Silver Line is the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys (MBTAs) sole Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) line, running in two, unconnected sections, from Dudley Square in Roxbury to downtown Boston, Massachusetts and from South Station to several points in South Boston and to Logan Airport in East Boston. ... For other kinds of motors, see motor. ... The overhead lines of a Swiss Federal Railways track. ... Trolley poles are usually tapered cylindrical poles of wood or metal, used to transfer electricity from a live overhead wire to the control and propulsion equipment of a trolley car, tram or trolley bus. ... Diesel engines in a museum Diesel generator on an oil tanker A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine which operates using the Diesel cycle. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... Honda Insight, a hybrid gas-electric vehicle 2004 Toyota Prius, a hybrid gas-electric vehicle A hybrid vehicle uses multiple energy sources or propulsion systems to provide motive power. ...


The necessity for providing electric power in these environments brings the capital and maintenance costs of such routes closer to light rail and raises the question of building light rail instead. In Seattle, the downtown transit tunnel retrofitted for conversion to a shared hybrid-bus and light-rail facility in preparation for Seattle's Central Link Light Rail line to be operating in 2009. This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Sound Transit Link Light Rail is a rapid transit project under construction for the Greater Seattle region. ...


Bus rapid transit systems

For a list of the transit systems around the world, see list of bus rapid transit systems.


Implementation

Main article: Implementation of bus rapid transit

See also

Double articulated bus in Hamburg, Germany
Double articulated bus in Hamburg, Germany
Sustainable development portal

Image File history File links from DE Wiki, GNU Original description: Doppelgelenkbus von Van Hool (Länge: 24,80 m) GNU-FDL, selbst fotografiert File links The following pages link to this file: Van Hool ... Image File history File links from DE Wiki, GNU Original description: Doppelgelenkbus von Van Hool (Länge: 24,80 m) GNU-FDL, selbst fotografiert File links The following pages link to this file: Van Hool ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Sustainable_development. ... The General Motors streetcar conspiracy refers to a contention that General Motors (GM), acting in conjunction with several other companies and through the National City Lines (NCL) holding company, illegally acquired many streetcar systems in various cities around the United States, dismantled and replaced them with buses for the express... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A quality assurance system comprises assessment and remediation action in a closed circle. ... Queue jump lane continued through an intersection A queue jump is a type of roadway geometry typically found in bus rapid transit systems. ... Also commonly referred to Sustainable Transport or Sustainable Mobility, there is no widely accepted definition of sustainable transportation by any of these names. ... A Volvo articulated bus in contract service for Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia, operated by Virginia Overland Transportation, an urban-suburban bus line, in 2003 A transit bus (also known as a commuter bus) in the United States is usually operated by an urban-suburban bus line, a governmental... Calle 19 Station in July 2004 The TransMilenio is a bus rapid transit system that serves Bogotá, Colombia. ... Veolia Transportation is a brand name of the international transport services division of the French-based multinational company Veolia Environnement before known as Connex. ... Traffic engineering is a branch of civil engineering that uses engineering techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods. ...

References

  1. ^ Characteristics of BRT, page ES-5
  2. ^ [GARDNER G, RUTTER JC and F KUHN, The performance and potential of light rail transit in developing cities. TRI, Project Report No. PR69, Transport Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, UK 1994]
  3. ^ Characteristics of BRT, page ES-5
  • Gardner, G., Cornwell, P., and Cracknell, J., The Performance of Busway Transit in

Developing Cities, Transport and Road Research Laboratory Research Report 329, Department of Transport, Crowthorne, Berkshire, United Kingdom, 1991


External links

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) within the U.S. Department of Transportation provides financial and technical assistance to the local transit systems. ... Mass transit redirects here. ... Autobus redirects here. ... An express bus is a bus service that is intended to run faster than normal bus lines. ... Paratransit is an alternative mode of flexible passenger transportation that does not follow fixed routes or schedules. ... A green public minibus awaiting at the station at Tsim Sha Tsui. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... railroads redirects here. ... Cable railways are railways with very steep gradients and use stationary engines to haul the wagons up and down the hills. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... High speed train redirects here. ... Inter-city rail services are express train passenger services which cover longer distances than commuter trains. ... An interurban, also called a radial railway in parts of Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas or from urban to rural areas. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Judging by the capacity, Ma On Shan Rail, KCR can also be considered as a medium capacity system. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, a colorful straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; also, a vehicle traveling on such a track. ... A people mover is a fully-automated light rail or tram system. ... Personal rapid transit (PRT), also called personal automated transport (PAT) or podcar is a public transportation concept that offers automated on-demand non-stop transportation, on a network of specially-built guideways. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Bogie from an MP 89 Paris Métro rolling stock An MP 73 Paris Métro rolling stock Rubber tracks between Pont de Neuilly and Esplanade de la Défense Rubber-tyred metro is a form of rail transport, but using some road technology: the vehicles have wheels with rubber... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article is about trams sharing tracks with main-line railways. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Catherine IIs carved, painted and gilded Coronation Coach (Hermitage Museum) George VI and Queen Elizabeth in a landau with footmen and an outrider, Canada 1939 The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Carsharing is a system where a fleet of cars (or other vehicles) is owned and operated/overseen by a company, public agency, cooperative, ad hoc grouping, or even a single individual, and made available for use by members of the carshare group in a wide variety of ways. ... A betchak and its driver wait for a fare in Bandung, Indonesia Rickshaw in Hamburg. ... In the United Kingdom, the name hackney carriage refers to a taxicab licensed by the Public Carriage Office in Greater London or by the local authority (non-metropolitan district councils or unitary authorities) in other parts of England, Wales, and Scotland, or by the Department of the Environment in Northern... Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ... Horse-drawn vehicles were once prominent throughout the world, but they have moslty been replaced by automobiles and other forms of self-propelled transport. ... Motorcycle taxi: Motorcycles are a licensed form of taxi in Goa. ... Japanese rickshaw (jinrikisha), 1886. ... A share taxi is a mode of transport that falls between private transport and conventional bus transport, with a fixed route, but the convenience of stopping anywhere to pick or drop passengers, etc. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... A vehicle for hire is a vehicle providing public transportation, which transports one or more passengers between locations of the passengers choice. ... A container ship // Water transport redirects here. ... Coin operated cable ferry at Espevær in Bømlo, Norway A cable ferry or chain ferry is a means of water transportation by which a ferry or other boat is guided and in many cases propelled across a river or other larger body of water by means of cables... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... For the band, see Hovercraft (band). ... This article is about marine engineering. ... A New York Water Taxi docks at Pier 11 near Wall Street. ... Categories: Stub ... A bus garage or bus depot is a type of garage where buses are stored. ... A bus lane in Mannheim, Germany A bus lane in Athens, Greece. ... For other meanings, see Bus stop (disambiguation). ... A bus stop or omnibus stop is a designated place where a public transport bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave the bus. ... Bus terminus is a terminal bus stop where many bus routes begin or end. ... A bus turnout, bus pullout, or bus bay is a special zone on the side of the main roadway for primarily buses to stop for a designated bus stop in order to pick up and drop off passengers. ... Interchange terminal between railway and regional buses An interchange station in British English, also known as a transfer station in American English, is a train station for more than one railway route in a passenger transport system. ... A Kassel kerb is a concave-section kerb stone which is intended for use at bus stops served by modern low floor buses. ... In transportation, a layover or lay over is some form of a break between trips of parts of a single trip [1]. Depending on the mode of transportation, its meaning may vary. ... Exterior open entrance to a metro station (Tribunal station in Madrid) A metro station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as metro and subway. It is often underground or elevated. ... a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ... Queue jump lane continued through an intersection A queue jump is a type of roadway geometry typically found in bus rapid transit systems. ... A taxi stand in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong on a rainy day. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Luas stop at Harcourt in Dublin, Ireland A tram stop is a place designated for a tram to stop in order to have passengers board or leave it. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Bus advertising, ACTION bus, Canberra, Australia Bus advertising is a popular way for advertisers to reach the public in metropolitan areas. ... Farebox recovery ratio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A Free travel pass is the right of a certain class of passengers to use a public transport service without paying a fare or presenting a ticket. ... The term fare collection generally refers to the collection of fares in the transport industry in return for a ticket or passes to travel. ... Proof-of-payment is a fare collection approach used on many public transportation systems. ... Transit fares are fees charged for travel on publicly chartered or operated transportation systems, including subways, trolleys and buses (as these are known in northeastern parts of the United States). ... Zero-fare public transport services are funded in full by means other than collecting a fare from passengers. ... NextBus is a vehicle tracking system for public transportation vehicles, especially buses and trams/light rail operations. ... An 1844 timetable for the Long Island Rail Road A public transport timetable is a listing of the times that public transport services arrive and depart specified locations. ... Boarding an easyJet Airbus A319 at Bristol International Airport, Bristol, England for a flight to Rome, Italy. ... An example of an LED-type headsign on an AC Transit bus. ... In rail transport, a request stop is a train station where trains stop only if passengers wish to board the train or leave it. ... A rollsign on the MBTA Red Line in Boston. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Online TDM Encyclopedia - Bus Rapid Transit (3556 words)
Bus Rapid Transit is considered a more affordable alternative to Rail for improving transit service quality and attracting travelers who would otherwise drive on congested urban corridors.
BRT tends to attract more riders than lower quality bus transit service, and less than Light Rail Transit service on the same corridor, but in situations in which BRT provides greater service coverage (such as dispersed destinations with low to moderate transit demand), it may attract more total riders than rail for a given investment.
BRT appears to contribute less than rail transit to Transit Oriented Development, although the differences are difficult to quantify and may be minimized with supportive, New Urbanist land use policies.
Bus Rapid Transit | Portland Cement Association (PCA) (378 words)
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is an enrichment of conventional bus operations that combine the quality of rail transit with the flexibility of buses.
In its ideal form, bus rapid transit would be separated from general purpose traffic with its own right-of-way, have high levels of intelligent technology including the latest in BRT vehicles, operate at higher speeds and shorter headways, and be accessed through platform level station stops.
BRT projects include the busways in Pittsburgh implemented by the Port Authority of Allegheny County, a three mile dedicated bus lane through downtown Orlando, Florida, and 8.2 miles of exclusive express bus operation in South Miami-Dade County.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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