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Encyclopedia > Bus Stop

A bus stop or omnibus stop is a designated place where a public transport bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave the bus. The simplest kind can be just a sign saying "bus stop", or it can be a post with special colouring or other marks identifying it as a bus stop; however, line numbers and/or destinations are often indicated. Skytrain Bangkok. ... A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ...

The bus stops in Curitiba, Brazil. The stoppage time of a bus is shortened by collecting fares in a bus stop.
Example of bus stop pole in Manchester, UK.

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 779 KB) [edit] Information File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Transport Bus stop User:Myfanwy/Bus Stop Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 779 KB) [edit] Information File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Transport Bus stop User:Myfanwy/Bus Stop Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Location of Curitiba Country Brazil Region Sul State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1078 KB)Mark Ovenden, June 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1078 KB)Mark Ovenden, June 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Manchester (pronounced ) is a city and metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. ...

Types of stop

There are two main kinds of stops:

  • Scheduled stop: The bus arrives at the stop at a set time, at which point it allows some or all passengers to disembark and lets those waiting at the stop board. It departs at another set time later.
  • Request or flag stop: The bus does not come to a halt unless it is signalled to do so. Passengers may signal either by pressing a button or pulling a cord, or by verbally alerting the driver. A person waiting at the stop may be required to flag down the bus (no sign may be present), or his/her presence may be sufficient.

In rail transport, a request stop is a train station where trains stop only if passengers wish to board the train or leave it. ...

Facilities

This bus stop in Belgium contains a shelter, bench, schedule and a garbage receptacle.

The times the bus departs may be given, or the whole timetable, in what is known as a Guide-A-Ride box. A map of the bus lines and tariff information may be provided. Electronic signs may be present to tell real-time when the next bus will come, regardless of schedules; NextBus is one such system. In London, and elsewhere, there are automated ticket machines at the stops; these save time when boarding. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 835 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)   Object: De Lijn bus stop just outside the town of Lebbeke, Belgium Description: Author: created by Volkov Vitaly w:ru:Участник:Kneiphof Created: Photo taken in the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 835 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)   Object: De Lijn bus stop just outside the town of Lebbeke, Belgium Description: Author: created by Volkov Vitaly w:ru:Участник:Kneiphof Created: Photo taken in the... A timetable is an organized list or schedule, usually set out in tabular form, providing information about a series of arranged events: in particular, the time at which it is planned these events will take place. ... NextBus is a vehicle tracking system for public transportation vehicles, especially buses and trams/light rail operations. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Soda pop and snack machines A vending machine is a machine that dispenses merchandise when a customer deposits money sufficient to purchase the desired item (as opposed to a shop, where personnel is required for every purchase). ...


There may be a shelter, a bench, lighting and a garbage receptacle. These components have the general term street furniture.-1... Classic garden bench For metonymic and other uses see Bench (metonymy) and Bench A bench is a piece of furniture, which mostly offers several persons seating. ... Lighting includes both artificial light sources such as lamps and natural illumination of interiors from daylight. ... A dustbin is a container used to store refuse which can be made out of metal or plastic¹. Other names include trash can, garbage can and trash bin. ... Street furniture is a collective term for objects and pieces of equipment installed on streets and roads for various purposes, including benches, bollards, post boxes, phone boxes, streetlamps, street lighting, traffic lights, traffic signs, bus stops, grit bins, tram stops, taxi stands, public lavatories, fountains and memorials, and waste receptacles. ...

Riders waiting at a typical U.S. bus stop

Some bus stops have a button which controls a traffic signal for the bus at some distance before the stop. A "demand stop" is a variant of a request stop in which a bus passenger tells the driver to leave them off at a specific bus stop, otherwise the bus will not travel to the bus stop. People are not picked up at a "demand stop", only let off the bus. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 2. ...


Bus stations and depots

A location with a large number of bus stops is called a bus station, bus interchange, bus depot, or transportation center; in the case of an end destination it may be called a terminal station. It also may house one or more stations for other forms of mass transit, such as a train station. It may have a waiting room instead of just shelters. (In the UK a bus stop is a single place where one or more buses stop; a bus station is a building which buses stop at, commonly facilities for drivers and passengers, a ticket office, refreshment outlets and a waiting room will be provided; and a bus depot is a storage area and garage for buses, used when the buses are not in operation. A location containing more than one form of transport is more commonly referred to as an interchange in the UK.) A bus depot may also be a place where buses are stored and maintained. Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Queue at US Air Force station in Iraq, for food at a birthday celebration. Queue areas are areas in which people queue (first in, first out), that is they wait in line for something. ... A transport interchange is an interchange facility with different modes of transport. ...


Platforms may be assigned to fixed bus lines, or variable in combination with a dynamic passenger information system [1]. The latter requires fewer platforms, but does not supply the passenger the comfort of knowing the platform well in advance and waiting there.


Bus rapid transit systems

In bus rapid transit systems, bus stops may be more elaborate. They may have enclosed areas to allow the collection of fares prior to the arrival of the bus; this allows for rapid boarding of the bus using all doors on the bus instead of queueing through the front doors and paying fares. The most famous such system is in Curitiba, Brazil. Bus stops on a bus rapid transit line may also have level boarding platforms, which place the curb at the level of the bus doors so that no step is required to board the bus. There is a large number of public transport systems in European towns that fulfill several of the BRT criteria given above, but they are rarely designated as BRT. Bus lanes and exclusive use of key city-centre streets is commonplace, and bus priority on approach to traffic lights is quite... Queue at US Air Force station in Iraq, for food at a birthday celebration. Queue areas are areas in which people queue (first in, first out), that is they wait in line for something. ... Location of Curitiba Country Brazil Region Sul State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ...


Bus stop placement

A London Transport bus stop with an unusual view of a Boeing 747 aircraft in the back, near London (Heathrow) Airport.

Historically, bus stops have been placed in the roadway, although they can also be placed on a transitway or a separate off-street facility. On a roadway, the bus stop will either be placed in-lane or placed in a bus turnout. When the stop is in-lane, the bus will block traffic while boarding passengers, conversely, a bus turnout allows the bus to stop without blocking a traffic lane. In cases where on-street parking is allowed, bus stops are usually placed in turnouts. However, if a bus bulb is constructed, then the bus stop can be placed in-lane. An advantage of in-lane stops is that the bus does not have to wait for a gap in traffic to continue down the roadway after using the bus stop. A public bus stop with an unusual view, inside London (Heathrow) Airport, England. ... A public bus stop with an unusual view, inside London (Heathrow) Airport, England. ... A bus turnout, bus pullout, or bus bay is a special zone on the side of the main roadway for primarily buses to stop for a designated bus stop in order to pick up and drop off passengers. ... A bus turnout, bus pullout, or bus bay is a special zone on the side of the main roadway for primarily buses to stop for a designated bus stop in order to pick up and drop off passengers. ... Underground parking garage at the University of Minnesota. ... Categories: Stub ...


Bus stop location

A typical London bus stop. The yellow squares mean that one must buy the ticket before boarding, the blue squares denote night-buses.

Bus stops are usually located to provide a balance of bus passenger convenience and vehicle operating efficiency. Having too many bus stops along a bus line results in slow and unreliable service, whereas too few bus stops means that many passengers will have to walk a long way to get to their bus. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1045x3526, 194 KB)I made this image myself using AutoShapes, and it is therefore in the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1045x3526, 194 KB)I made this image myself using AutoShapes, and it is therefore in the public domain. ... Categories: Road stubs | United Kingdom-related stubs | Bus transport in the United Kingdom | London buses | Vehicles ...


A number of research efforts have concluded that the optimal bus stop spacing for most transit routes is somewhere between 1000-2000 feet (300-600m). Many transit agencies have developed guidelines for preferred bus stop spacing. In Seattle, Washington, King County Metro's guidelines call for an ideal stop spacing of 4-6 stops per mile in an urban environment, to achieve the proper balance of service coverage and vehicle performance. TriMet, in Portland, Oregon, uses bus stop spacing guidelines of every 3 blocks or 780' (240m) in dense areas, and every 4 blocks or 1000' (310 m) in medium to low density areas. The Public Transport Council in Singapore uses a guideline of 400m - 350m (1300ft - 1150ft) spacing between bus stops. The Milwaukee (Wisconsin) County Transit System (MCTS) has bus stops every two (2) blocks. In Pittsburgh, there are parts of the city in which there is a stop every block. In Ann Arbor, the stops are about a 200 m (660ft) apart Nickname: Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King County Incorporated December 2 1869 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Greg Nickels (NP) Area  - City  142. ... Articulating bus Metro Transit, Metro for short, is the public transit authority of King County, Washington, a division of the King County Department of Transportation. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... A TriMet bus parked near MAX tracks. ... Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City  145. ...


In most U.S. cities, however, the typical bus stop spacing is between 650 and 900 feet (200-275 m), well below the optimal. Often the existing pattern of stops is the result of a reactive process spanning many decades. New bus stops are commonly installed in response to citizen requests or complaints in a reactive manner without consideration of the corridor-level context. Then, as people become accustomed to established bus stop locations, removal of existing bus stops can be a painful process, even if the original purpose for a bus stop is no longer an issue. After several decades of reactive process without corridor-level vision, an over-saturation of bus stops can result. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


Transit agencies are increasingly looking at bus stop consolidation as a way to improve service cheaply and easily. Bus stop consolidation is the process of evaluating the bus stop pattern along an established bus route and developing a new pattern for optimal bus stop placement. Bus stop consolidation involves evaluating each bus stop and identifying critical stops, stops that could be removed or combined, and stops that could be moved for better service. The goal of bus stop consolidation is to create a good balance of service accessibility, transit vehicle performance/schedule reliability, and investment in public facilities. Bus stop consolidation has been proven to improve operating efficiency and ridership on bus routes.


Bus stop capacity

Bus stop vehicle capacity is often an important consideration in the planning of transit centers, hubs, and bus stops serving multiple routes within urban centers. If too many buses are scheduled to use a bus stop of limited capacity, buses may queue up behind the bus stop, which can cause traffic blockages or delays to transit service. Bus stop capacity is typically measured in terms of buses/hour that can reliably use the bus stop. The main factors that affect bus stop capacity are:

  • Number of loading areas (or number of buses that can stop at one time)
  • Average Dwell Time (How much time it takes a bus to load/unload passengers)
  • G/C ratio of nearby traffic signal (green time / cycle length)
  • Clearance Time (time it takes bus to re-enter the traffic stream)

Along a transit corridor with multiple bus stops, there will be one critical bus stop that will dictate the capacity of the corridor; if the capacity is exceeded then a bottleneck will occur. In order to increase bus throughput on corridors where bus stop capacity is limited, some transit agencies have employed the use of skip stops. Under skip stop operations, bus routes are grouped into sets of alternating bus stops so that individual bus stops only have to handle a portion of the total number of buses using the corridor. Traffic lights will sometimes differ where there are several lanes of traffic. ...


Detailed procedures for calculating bus stop capacity and bus lane capacity using skip stops are outlined in Part 4 of the Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual, published by the US Transportation Research Board. The Transportation Research Board (TRB) is a division of the National Research Council, which serves as an independent adviser to the federal government and others on scientific and technical questions of national importance. ...


Bus stop in racing

The term "bus stop" is used to define a type of chicane used on an auto racing track, characterised by a small dogleg, followed by a sometimes straighter dogleg in the opposite direction, exiting where the track would follow without the chicane. The Ford chicane on Le Mans A chicane is a sequence of tight serpentine curves (usually an S-shape curve) in a roadway, used in auto racing and on city streets to slow cars. ...


Bus stops in music

A 1966 hit song by The Hollies by the title of "Bus Stop" describes a romantic relationship that starts by sharing an umbrella at a bus stop. There was also a UK Record label called Bus Stop Records The Hollies are an English Beat group formed in the early 1960s. ... Romantic love is a form of love that is often regarded as different from simply sexual love, or lust. ... “Parasol” redirects here. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


References

  • Top of the Stops - A site dedicated to British bus stops
  • The Bus Stops Here - Same premise, with more of a U.S. focus
  • Bus Stops in Prague (Czech Republic)
  • Transit Stops - A site dedicated to rapid transit stops in Canada
  • About Bus Shelters - Design and technical information about bus shelters, CAD files available upon request for students.

“CAD” redirects here. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bus stop

  Results from FactBites:
 
bus stop: Information from Answers.com (1278 words)
A bus stop is a designated place where a public transport bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave the bus.
A location with a large number of bus stops is called a bus station, bus interchange, bus depot, or transportation center; in the case of an end destination it may be called a terminal station.
Bus stop consolidation is the process of evaluating the bus stop pattern along an established bus route and developing a new pattern for optimal bus stop placement.
Installing a Bus Stop (750 words)
In some cases a bus stop is part of the conditions for a new development.
These stops can be simple, allowing room for the stop on the side of the street, or it may be an off street transit center.
The other, favored by some transit planners and operations people, is for the bus to totally block the lane of travel, this allows the bus to move faster as it does not have to worry about merging into traffic after boarding or deboarding passengers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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