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Parisian Omnibus, late nineteenth century
Parisian Omnibus, late nineteenth century
A row of Routemaster buses at Acton Depot.
A row of Routemaster buses at Acton Depot.
A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England.
An articulated bus (or bendy bus) operated by the CTA in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
An articulated bus (or bendy bus) operated by the CTA in Chicago, Illinois, USA.

A bus is a large road vehicle designed to carry numerous passengers in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. The name is a neologic version of the Latin omnibus, which means "transport for everyone." The Autobus or the Gruppetto is the name given to the group of cyclists in an road cycling race who form a large group behind the main peleton. ... Look up bus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Omnibus_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_16943. ... Image File history File links Omnibus_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_16943. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x600, 151 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Routemaster Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x600, 151 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Routemaster Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1030 KB) A Go North East Bus Parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1030 KB) A Go North East Bus Parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Go North East, the founding company and part of the Go-Ahead Group, operates bus services in Tyne and Wear and County Durham in England. ... The term lay-by is used in the United Kingdom to describe a roadside parking or rest area for drivers. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1445x576, 201 KB)An articulated bus in use by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1445x576, 201 KB)An articulated bus in use by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA). ... A Mississauga Transit bus in Mississauga Ontario. ... Chicago Transit Authority, also known as CTA, is the operator of mass transit within the City of Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Disruptions in organized traffic flow can create delays lasting hours. ... A passenger is a term broadly used to describe any person who travels in a vehicle, but bears little or no responsibility for the tasks required for that vehicle to arrive at its destination. ... For other uses, see Driving (disambiguation). ... A train Conductor // The Conductor is the railway employee charged with the management of a freight, passenger, or various other types of train, and is also the direct supervisor of the trains Train Crew (brakeman, flagman, ticket collector, assistant conductor, on board service personnel). ... A neologism is a word, term, or phrase which has been recently created (or coined), often to apply to new concepts, to synthesize pre-existing concepts, or to make older terminology sound more contemporary. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

The omnibus, the first organized public transport system, may have originated in Nantes, France, in 1826, when Stanislas Baudry, a retired army officer who had built public baths (run from the surplus heat from his flour mill) on the city's edge, set up a short stage line between the center of town and his baths. The service started on the Place du Commerce, outside the hat shop of M. Omnès, who displayed the motto Omnès Omnibus ("Omnès for all") on his shopfront. When Baudry discovered that passengers were just as interested in getting off at intermediate points as in patronizing his baths, he shifted the stage line's focus. His new voiture omnibus ("carriage for all") combined the functions of the hired hackney carriage with the stagecoach that travelled a predetermined route from inn to inn, carrying passengers and mail. His omnibus featured wooden benches that ran down the sides of the vehicle; entry was from the rear. Mass transit redirects here. ... For a place in Brazil, see Nantes, Brazil Nantes (Breton: Naoned) is a city in western France, near the Atlantic coast. ... Hygiene is the maintenance of healthful practices. ... In the United Kingdom, the name hackney carriage refers to a taxicab licensed by the Public Carriage Office in London (for the area within the M25 motorway) or by the local authority (non-metropolitan district councils or unitary authorities) in other parts of England, Wales, and Scotland, or by the... Stagecoach in Switzerland A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ...

A bus in Cúcuta, Colombia in 1920
A bus in Cúcuta, Colombia in 1920

There is also a claim from the UK where in 1824 John Greenwood operated the first "bus route" from Market Street in Manchester to Pendleton in Salford.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: City without borders Motto: More progress! Location of Cúcuta in North Santander Department Country Colombia Department North Santander* Foundation June 17, 1733 Mayor Ramiro Suarez Corzo Area    - City 2150 km² Elevation 360 m Population    - City (2005census) 742,689 [1]  - Metro 721,794 [2] Website: www. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... John Greenwood (died 1851), transport entrepreneur, was the keeper of a toll-gate in Pendleton on the Manchester to Liverpool turnpike. ... Market Street in Manchester Market Street is one of the two principal retail streets in Manchester, England (the other is Deansgate). ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Pendleton is the name of many places and people Places in the United States: Pendleton, Indiana Pendleton County, Kentucky Pendleton, New York Pendleton, Oregon Pendleton, South Carolina Pendleton County, West Virginia Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in California, named after Major General Joseph Henry Pendleton (1860-1942) Places in the... For other uses, see Salford (disambiguation). ...


In 1828, Baudry went to Paris where he founded a company under the name Entreprise générale des omnibus de Paris, while his son Edmond Baudry founded two similar companies in Bordeaux and in Lyons[2]. A London newspaper reported in July 4, 1829 that "the new vehicle, called the omnibus, commenced running this morning from Paddington to the City". This bus service was operated by George Shillibeer. This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ... Lyons), see Lyons (disambiguation). ... A symbol of London: the Routemaster bus A new London icon? A new Enviro 400 operating for Metroline. ... George Shillibeer, born in London, England c. ...

"Omnibus," crayon and watercolor drawing by Honoré Daumier, 1864 (Walters Art Museum).
"Omnibus," crayon and watercolor drawing by Honoré Daumier, 1864 (Walters Art Museum).

In New York, omnibus service began in the same year, when Abraham Brower, an entrepreneur who had organized volunteer fire companies, established a route along Broadway starting at Bowling Green. Other American cities soon followed suit: Philadelphia in 1831, Boston in 1835 and Baltimore in 1844. In most cases, the city governments granted a private company—generally a small stableman already in the livery or freight-hauling business—an exclusive franchise to operate public coaches along a specified route. In return, the company agreed to maintain certain minimum levels of service—though one of these standards was not upholstery. The New York omnibus quickly moved into the urban consciousness. In 1831, New Yorker Washington Irving remarked of Britain's Reform Act (finally passed in 1832): "The great reform omnibus moves but slowly." Honore Daumier, The Omnibus, crayon and watercolor Walters Art Museum Baltimore This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Honore Daumier, The Omnibus, crayon and watercolor Walters Art Museum Baltimore This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Honoré Daumier (portrait by Nadar). ... The Walters Art Museum, located in Baltimore, Marylands Mount Vernon neighborhood, is a small privately-formed art collection open to the public. ... This article traces the history of New York City, New York. ... A view of Broadway in 1909 Broadway, as the name implies, is a wide avenue in New York City. ... Bowling Green, shown in a composite photograph taken from the steps of the U.S. Custom House looking north along Broadway. ... Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal livery of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400 A livery is a uniform or other sign worn in a non-military context on a person or object (such as an airplane... Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author of the early 19th century. ... The Representation of the People Act 1832, commonly known as the Reform Act 1832, was an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of the United Kingdom. ...


The omnibus had many repercussions for society, particularly in that it encouraged urbanization. Socially, the omnibus put city-dwellers, even if for only half an hour, into previously-unheard-of physical intimacy with strangers, squeezing them together knee-to-knee (illustration, left). Only the very poor remained excluded. A new division in urban society now came to the fore, dividing those who kept carriages from those who did not. The idea of the "carriage trade", the folk who never set foot in the streets, who had goods brought out from the shops for their appraisal, has its origins in the omnibus crush.


The omnibus also extended the reach of the emerging cities. The walk from the former village of Paddington to the business heart of London in the "City" was a brisk one for a young man in good condition. The omnibus offered the nearer suburbs more access to the inner city. For other places with the same name, see Paddington (disambiguation). ...


More intense urbanization was to follow. Within a very few years, the New York omnibus had a rival in the streetcar: the first streetcar ran along The Bowery, which offered the excellent improvement in amenity of riding on smooth iron rails rather than clattering over granite setts, called "Belgian blocks". The new streetcars were financed by John Mason, a wealthy banker, and built by an Irish contractor, John Stephenson. The streetcars would become even more centrally important than the omnibus in the future of urbanization. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... The Bowery is a very well-known street in Manhattan that more or less marks the boundary between Chinatown and Little Italy on one side and the Lower East Side on the other — running from Chatham Square in the south to Astor Place in the north. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ...

The world's first motorized bus - a Benz truck modified by the Netphener Omnibusgesellschaft in Netphen, Germany (1895)
The world's first motorized bus - a Benz truck modified by the Netphener Omnibusgesellschaft in Netphen, Germany (1895)

When motorized transport proved successful after c. 1905, a motorized omnibus was for a time sometimes called an autobus. Image File history File links Zzz-1stBus. ... Image File history File links Zzz-1stBus. ... Netphen is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in Siegen-Wittgenstein district. ...


Bus lines proliferated in the U.S. as streetcar lines were torn out of the major cities by "bus manufacturing or oil marketing companies for the specific purpose of replacing rail service with buses."[3] This was accompanied by a continuing series of technical improvements: pneumatic "balloon" tires during the early 1920s, monocoque body construction in 1931, automatic transmission in 1936, the diesel-engine bus in 1936, the first acceptable 50+ passenger bus in 1948, and the first buses with air suspension in 1953.[4]


Bus services were a focal point in the American Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. In the period after the American Civil War ended in 1865, racial segregation in public accommodations, including public transport such as rail and bus services, was enforced through Black Codes and Jim Crow laws in the South. These were made to prevent African-Americans from doing things that a white person could do. For instance, Jim Crow laws required bus drivers to enforce separate seating sections. These laws and enforcement varied among communities and states. In 1955, after a long day of work, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a public bus, bringing attention to the injustice of differential and degrading treatment based solely upon race. This incident, boycotts of bus services, other protests, and court challenges led to a U.S. Supreme Court ruling banning segregation on public buses and helped lead the U.S. Congress to pass the landmark 1964 Civil Rights Act which clarified the unconstitutionality of public racial segregation laws. The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Racial segregation characterised by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home. ... Mass transit redirects here. ... The Black Codes were laws passed to restrict civil rights and civil liberties of African Americans, particularly former slaves. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African American civil rights activist and seamstress whom the U.S. Congress dubbed the Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement. Parks is famous for her refusal on December 1, 1955 to obey bus driver James Blake... Coordinates: , Country State County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Government  - Mayor Bobby Bright Area  - City  156. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... (Redirected from 1964 Civil Rights Act) President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. ...


In some areas of the United States, a school busing system has been used to achieve racial desegregation of public schools. Under such a busing plan, children do not necessarily go to the nearest school geographically, but to such a public school in the same district where there is an appropriate mix of racial diversity. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Desegregation is the process of ending racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. ...


Types of bus service

A Cardiff Bus ticket issued on board a bus by the driver.

Buses are an intrinsic part of everyday life, and play an important part in the social fabric of many countries. Many urban public transportation systems rely on bus services. The largest single city bus fleet in North America is in New York City. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 236 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (682 × 1727 pixel, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A bus ticket valid on most bus operators in south wales. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 236 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (682 × 1727 pixel, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A bus ticket valid on most bus operators in south wales. ... Cardiff Bus is an Australian Bus Company. ... The transportation system of New York City is an unparalleled cooperation of unique, complex, and grandiose systems of infrastructure. ...


Bus services can fit into several broad classes. Local transit buses provide public transit within a city or one or more counties, usually for trips of only a few kilometers. Intercity, interstate or interprovincial buses provide transit between cities, towns, rural areas and places usually tens or hundreds of kilometers away. They generally provide fewer bus stops than local bus routes do. Trailways Transportation System is an example of US interstate bus systems. Some local transit systems offer bus lines to nearby cities or towns served by another transit agency. Intercity bus services have become an important travel connection to smaller towns and rural areas that do not have airports or train service. A bus stop or omnibus stop is a designated place where a public transport bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave the bus. ... The Trailways Transportation System is a group of 63 independent bus companies that have entered into a franchise agreement. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ...


Some public transit bus systems offer express bus service in addition to local bus lines. Local lines provide frequent stops along a route, sometimes two or more per kilometer, while express lines make fewer stops and more speed along that route. For example, an express bus line may provide speedier service between a local airport and the downtown area of a nearby city.


Shuttle bus service provide transit service between two destinations, such as an airport and city center. Shuttle bus services are often provided by colleges, airports, shopping areas, companies, and amusement destinations. Tour bus service shows tourists notable sights by bus. City tour buses often simply pass by the sites while a tour guide describes them. Longer distance tour coaches generally allow passengers to disembark at specific points of interest. Some tourist buses are decorated to resemble pre-PCC streetcars in order to attract tourists or for other appearance purposes. A similar phenomenon is Duck Tours, which uses amphibious DUKWs converted into buses/cruise boats for tour purposes. Mass transit redirects here. ... Tourist redirects here. ... A Tour Guide is an occupation or vocation of someone who conducts tours usually within the tourism industry. ... A Twin City Rapid Transit PCC streetcar in museum operation. ... A Singapore tour-duck Duck tours, or DUKW tours, are tours that take place on purpose-built amphibious tour buses or surplus DUKWs left over from World War II. Primarily offered as tourist attractions in harbor and river cities, such as Chattanooga, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, Washington, DC, Memphis, Boston, Miami, Seattle... DUKW DUKW for the Boston Duck Tour The DUKW (popularly pronounced DUCK) is a six-wheel-drive amphibious truck that was originally designed inside General Motors Corporation during World War II for transporting goods and troops over land and water and for use approaching and crossing beaches in amphibious attacks. ...


School bus service provides transit to and from school for students. Some private schools use school buses only for field trips or sports events. Some school systems, such as the San Francisco public school system, do not operate their own school bus system but instead rely on the local public transit bus system to provide transportation for the system. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Charter bus operators, provide buses with properly licensed bus drivers for hire. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


Types of bus

A Polish Autosan (A1010T LIDER) police bus
A Polish Autosan (A1010T LIDER) police bus
A Dennis Dart/Dash leaving Pontypridd bus station in Wales.
Red express bus (Expresso Biarticulado) in Curitiba, Brazil.
Red express bus (Expresso Biarticulado) in Curitiba, Brazil.
A bendy bus in Coventry, England.
A bendy bus in Coventry, England.
Several coaches parked at Chichen Itza, Mexico.
Several coaches parked at Chichen Itza, Mexico.

Different kinds of hardware are made for short and long distances, and special types for special purposes. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1361x874, 255 KB) Summary File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Police car Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1361x874, 255 KB) Summary File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Police car Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Autosan police bus Autosan H9-21 Autosan A1010M „Medium” Autosan S.A. is Polish automobile-bus producer. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 512 pixelsFull resolution (1004 × 642 pixel, file size: 105 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) An Alexander/Dennis Dart/Dash P122DMS at Pontypridd, South Wales. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 512 pixelsFull resolution (1004 × 642 pixel, file size: 105 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) An Alexander/Dennis Dart/Dash P122DMS at Pontypridd, South Wales. ... The Dennis Dart is a rear-engined midibus model built in UK and was the first successful Dennis product since the Dominator. ... , Pontypridd is a town in Glamorgan, Wales, in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf. ... This article is about the country. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 360 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,231 × 1,005 pixels, file size: 527 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 360 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,231 × 1,005 pixels, file size: 527 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Nickname: Motto: A cidade sorriso (The smiley city) Location of Curitiba Country Region State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 675 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 569 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bus Transport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 569 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bus Transport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Temple of the Warriors Chichen Itza is the largest of the Pre-Columbian archaeological sites in Yucat n, Mexico. ...

  • Commuter Bus (a.k.a. Local transit bus or City bus) usually have two axles (duallies on the drive axle), and two doors (one front, one mid-rear), allowing efficient internal traffic flow. While it is the general convention in Britain for buses to have one door, as the tickets are issued by the driver in most cases, in continental Europe and many other places, three doors (one front, one middle, one rear) is the norm. Their seats are usually fixed and limited, leaving room for standing passengers. Having no need for a luggage compartment, many have low floor design, further easing entry and exit. Double-decker buses, guided buses, articulated buses or extra-long triple-axled buses are often used on urban routes with heavy passenger loads. An articulated bus is sometimes called a bendy bus.
  • School buses are similar; though often lighter, they have only one passenger door, seats more closely spaced, and no standing room. North American versions are based on truck chassis, and must meet special USDOT standards.
  • A Kneeling bus is a bus equipped with an accessibility feature that lowers the entrance of the bus to curb-side-level, so that a person in a wheelchair may smoothly board the bus. These buses are often equipped with lifts that help the disabled get on the bus' raised platform.
  • Trolleybuses and other electric buses are similar in appearance and function to commuter buses, but powered by an electric motor supplied by overhead power cables rather than by an onboard internal combustion engine. They are not to be confused with buses that are decorated to look like turn-of-the-20th-century streetcars and which sometimes go by the name of "trolleys".
  • Parking lot trams are a specialized form of bus, found in the parking lots of amusement parks such as Disneyland. Those vehicles consist of an engine-car or motor-car (which may or may not be passenger-carrying) chained up to a passenger-carrying trailer or number of trailers, thus making a kind of road train.
  • Motorcoaches, also known as intercity coaches, are heavier, sometimes requiring three axles, with usually one passenger door, and no standing room. Seats are normally soft and able to recline. The floor is high, allowing large under-floor luggage compartments. There is usually a small carry-on luggage rack within the passenger cabin, as well. Besides their use for intercity transportation, motorcoaches are used for long-distance airport shuttle service, local touring and charters for large groups, and so on. The usual seating capacity is 47 to 62 passengers; though variants with fewer or greater seats - minicoaches and midicoaches; articulated and double-deck coaches.

In the US, due to road restrictions, the maximum width of motorcoaches is 102 inches, and a maximum length of 40 ft or 45 ft. Commuting is the process of travelling from a place of residence to a place of work. ... A Volvo articulated bus in contract service for Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia, operated by Virginia Overland Transportation, an urban-suburban bus line, in 2003 A transit bus (also known as a commuter bus) in the United States is usually operated by an urban-suburban bus line, a governmental... Passenger door of a low-floor tram Passenger door of a non-low-floor tram In public transportation, low floor is a term describing vehicles such as busses, trolleybusses and trams whose passenger compartment has a floor which is considerably lower than that of traditional cars. ... A London AEC Routemaster, RML 2473 (JJD 473D), on route 7 approaching Ladbroke Grove tube station in April 2002. ... Adelaide O-Bahn The guide wheel of a guided bus in Mannheim, Germany A Fastway bus in the guided bus lane on Southgate Avenue, Crawley Guided buses are buses steered for part or all of their route by external means, usually on a dedicated track. ... A Mississauga Transit bus in Mississauga Ontario. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Established October 15, 1966 Activated April 1, 1967 Secretary Norman Mineta Deputy Secretary Maria Cino Budget $58 billion (2004 estimate) Employees 58,622 (2004 estimate) The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with transport. ... An articulated trolleybus in Arnhem, Netherlands A trolleybus (also known as electric bus, trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... A kneeling bus is a bus equipped with an accessibility feature that lowers the entrance of the bus to curb-side-level, so that a person in a wheelchair may smoothly board the bus. ... Further information: electric bus A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... An articulated trolleybus in Arnhem, Netherlands A trolleybus (also known as electric bus, trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... A colorized automobile engine The internal combustion engine is an engine in which the combustion of fuel and an oxidizer (typically air) occurs in a confined space called a combustion chamber. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Theme park redirects here. ... For other uses, see Disneyland (disambiguation). ... A tanker road train Three road trains, Western Australia A road train is a trucking concept used in remote areas of Australia, the United States, and Western Canada to move bulky loads efficiently. ... For other uses, see Coach. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...

  • Tour coaches, especially cross-country touring coaches, are often equipped with a lavatory, video system, PA system, and other amenities appropriate for hours of comfortable travel.
  • Short-distance tour buses are simpler, having a PA system and sometimes a video system. Some retired double-deckers and specialty vehicles are used in the local tour bus business.
  • Minibuses are one size up from large passenger vans, and seat up to 25 passengers. Some may include a small space for luggage. Usually derived from heavy-duty small truck platforms such as cutaway van chassis, minibuses are often used for short-distance shuttles, city tours, and local charters. Many are wheelchair-lift equipped and used in paratransit capacities.
  • Midibuses, or mid-sized buses, are larger than minibuses, but smaller than motorcoaches, thus seating between 26 and 47. They can be front- or rear-engined, and have a variety of designs depending on specific needs. For example, they may be used to transport airport passengers between the terminal and distant parking lots; such vehicles may sacrifice seats for interior luggage space. The truck-based ones, such as the ABC M1000 series, can pack in enough seats to rival a motorcoach, but lack the luggage space and other amenities. However, they are also much cheaper.

Volkswagen minibus A minibus is a motor vehicle that is designed to carry fewer people than a full-size bus. ... Advertisement for 1974 Wayne Car-O-Van ambulance based upon a cutaway van chassis. ... Wheelchair seating in a theater. ... Paratransit is an alternative mode of flexible passenger transportation that does not follow fixed routes or schedules. ... An Optare Solo M990 midibus A midibus is a classification of single decker buses which are identified as neither being minibuses or full size buses, and can be anywhere between 8m (26 ft. ...

Bus service operation and scheduling

Public transport of the Australian Capital Territory.

Bus schedules describe the intended pattern of service, and may form part of the contract for a service provider. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 153 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) ACTION Buses (A.C.T Internal Omnibus Network) is the sole provider of public transport in the A.C.T. Photo by: Angelo Tsirekas 2007 File... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 153 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) ACTION Buses (A.C.T Internal Omnibus Network) is the sole provider of public transport in the A.C.T. Photo by: Angelo Tsirekas 2007 File...


Operation of a bus service inevitably varies from the published schedule and timetables due to a range of factors including traffic, weather, passenger loading variations, and operating staff behaviour. Schedules may be focussed on maintaining a headway between each vehicle on a route, rather setting out the exact time a bus will arrive at each bus stop. The headway between vehicles in public transit systems is the amount of time (usually in minutes) that elapses between two vehicles passing the same point traveling in the same direction on a given route. ...


Bus crews behave in a variety of common ways which affect the headways:

  • 'Scratching' is the colloquial terms for the bus being driven slowly, or the crew holding it at a bus stop for no apparent reason.
  • 'Punching-up' is the act of closing the headway with the bus in front, but never overtaking it, in this case two buses arrive at the same time.
  • 'Measuring off' is like punching up, except the crew of the second bus keeps a small headway so that all passengers at the bus stops board the bus in front, and they arrive at a bus stop with little chance of needing to service any passengers.

These behaviours have their origins in the style of supervision, discipline, and incentives. Supervision and control of a bus service may include the termination of a bus short of its intended destiation, known colloquially as a 'turn', there can be light running, where part or all of a journey is made without carrying passengers. The headway between vehicles in public transit systems is the amount of time (usually in minutes) that elapses between two vehicles passing the same point traveling in the same direction on a given route. ...


See also

Exterior shot of a full sized bus, a Leyland Lynx Mk.II that seats 49 with 22 standing.
Interior of a typical Norwegian bus

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 576 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 737 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Leyland Lynx Mk. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 576 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 737 pixel, file size: 128 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Leyland Lynx Mk. ... A Leyland Lynx in Hanover Street, Liverpool The Leyland Lynx is a single-decker bus built by Leyland between 1984 and 1992. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1664 × 1248 pixel, file size: 261 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Interior of a typical bus in Norway File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1664 × 1248 pixel, file size: 261 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Interior of a typical bus in Norway File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... It has been suggested that Turnpike Doubles be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about transesterified plant and animal oils. ... A bus lane in Mannheim, Germany A bus lane in Athens, Greece. ... This article is about high-capacity bus transit systems. ... A school bicycle rack with mountain bikes. ... Bus spotting is a pastime in which one seeks to see all buses in a particular fleet or those produced by a particular manufacturer. ... A bus stop or omnibus stop is a designated place where a public transport bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave the bus. ... Queueing theory (also commonly spelled queuing theory) is the mathematical study of waiting lines (or queues). ... A commercial drivers license (CDL) is required in the United States to operate any type of vehicle with a gross weight of 26,001 lb (11,793 kg) or over including (but not limited to) tow trucks, tractor trailers and buses. ... The original meaning of the term coach was that of a horse-drawn vehicle designed for the conveyance of more than one passenger and of mail, that is covered for protection from the elements. ... A number of vehicles use a diesel-electric powerplant for providing locomotion. ... A Chevy Volt, one example of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, expected to set a new benchmark. ... A kneeling bus is a bus equipped with an accessibility feature that lowers the entrance of the bus to curb-side-level, so that a person in a wheelchair may smoothly board the bus. ... . ... Mass transit redirects here. ... An 1844 timetable for the Long Island Rail Road A public transport timetable is a listing of the times that public transport services arrive and depart specified locations. ... The man on the Clapham omnibus is a descriptive formulation of a reasonably educated and intelligent but non-specialist person - a reasonable man; a hypothetical person against whom a defendants conduct might be judged in an English law civil action for negligence. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Automobile safety is the avoidance of automobile accidents or the minimization of harmful effects of accidents, in particular as pertaining to human life and health. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Greater Manchester's Museum of Transport: Public Transport in Greater Manchester.
  2. ^ Internet site of Musée départemental Dobrée, Nantes, retrieved 18 August 2007
  3. ^ [1], American Public Transportation Association
  4. ^ General Motors and the Demise of Streetcars, Cliff Slater

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bus Portal
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  • Buses del Perú
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  • Buses in Europe
  • BUSRide.com Magazine.
  • Bus versus Car saving calculator.
  • Bikes-on-board.
  • Cybermove.
  • National Transportation Safety Board.
  • U.S. National Coalition of School Bus Safety.
  • OSbus in OScar project - login and go to the wiki in this website.
  • Florida district to receive hybrid buses.
  • - A nostalgic website dedicated to "HAMEKASHER" - a bus company operated in Jerusalem, Israel.
  • Bismania, Bus Fans Club website from Indonesia.

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