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Encyclopedia > Buryatia

The Buryat Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Буря́тия; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Respublika Buryatiya in Russian and Buryaad Respublika in Buryat. The Buryat language is a Mongolic language spoken by the Buryats. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: ; English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state or country that is led by people whose political power is based on principles that are not beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ...

Buryat Republic
Республика Бурятия
Буряад Республика
   
Flag of Buryatia Coat of arms of Buryatia
Flag of Buryatia Coat of arms of Buryatia
Image:RussiaBuryatia2005.png
Capital Ulan-Ude
Area

- total
- % water Image File history File links Flag_of_Buryatia. ... Coat of Arms of Buryatia (from the Estonian wiki) This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Image File history File links RussiaBuryatia2005. ... Ulan-Ude (Ула́н-Удэ́, Buryat: Улаан-Удэ), formerly Verkhneudinsk (Верхнеу́динск), the capital of Buryatia, Russia, is located at the foot of the mountains and is... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ...

Ranked 17th

- 351,300 km²
- negligible Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Population

- Total
- Density Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...

Ranked 56th

- est. 981,238 (2002)
- est. 2.8/km² Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ...

Political status Republic
Federal district Siberian Federal District
Economic Region East Siberia
Cadaster # 03
Official languages Russian, Buryat
President Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov
Chairman of the Government Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov
Legislature People's Khural
Anthem National Anthem of Buryatia

Contents

The Russian Federation is divided into 88 federal subjects (constituent units), 21 of which are republics. ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Siberian Federal District (Russian: Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... The Buryat language is a Mongolic language spoken by the Buryats. ... Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov (born July 4, 1935) has been the President of the Buryat Republic in Russia since 1991. ... Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov (born July 4, 1935) has been the President of the Buryat Republic in Russia since 1991. ...

Geography

Buryatia is located in the South-Central region of Siberia along the eastern shore of Lake Baikal. Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...

Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Tuva Republic (Russian: ; Tuvan: Тыва Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...

Time zone

Buryatia is located in the Irkutsk Time Zone (IRKT/IRKST). UTC offset is +0800 (IRKT)/+0900 (IRKST). Image File history File links RTZ7. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC - see below for explanation) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ...

Rivers

Major rivers include:

Barguzin (Russian: ) is a river in Buryatia, Russia of length 480 km flowing into the Barguzin Bay of Lake Baikal, the largest and deepest bay of Baikal. ... Road sign Irkut River near village Zaktuj in Tunkinsky district of Buryatia, Russian Federation (photo 2005). ... Kitoy River (Russian: Китой) is a river in Buryatia and Irkutsk Oblast in Russia, Angaras left tributary. ... Oka (Russian: Ока́) is a great river in Russia, the biggest right confluent of the Volga. ... The Selengе or Selenga (Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ, Russian: Селенга́) is a river in Mongolia and Russia. ... Uda (Уда́) is a river in the republic of Buryatia, Russia. ... The Vitim River is a major tributary of the Lena River. ...

Lakes

Buryatia is located on the shores of the Lake Baikal (60% of the shore line). The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...


Mountains

Over 80% of republic's territory is located in the mountainous region, including the Baikal Mountains on the northern shoes of Lake Baikal. Baikal Mountains rise steeply over the northwestern shore of Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, Russia. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...


Natural resources

Buryatia's natural resources include gold, tungsten, zinc, uranium and more. General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tungsten, W, 74 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 6, d Appearance grayish white, lustrous Atomic mass 183. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Atomic mass 65. ... General Name, Symbol, Number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Atomic mass 238. ...


Climate

  • Average annual temperature: -1.6°C
  • Average January temperature: -22°C
  • Average July temperature: +18°C
  • Average annual precipitation: 244 mm

Administrative divisions

Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction Ulan-Ude (Улан-Удэ) (capital) city districts: Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский) Sovetsky (Советский) Urban settlements under the city districts jurisdiction: Sokol (Сокол) Zarechny (Заречный) Zheleznodorozhny (Железнодорожный) Severobaykalsk (Северобайкальск) Districts: Barguzinsky (Баргузинский) Urban settlements under the districts jurisdiction: Barguzin (Баргузин) Ust-Barguzin (Усть-Баргузин) with 5 selsovets and 3 somons under the districts jurisdiction. ...

Demographics

According to the 2002 Census, ethnic Russians make up two thirds of the republic's population, while the ethnic Buryats are only 27.8%. Other groups include Ukrainians (1.0%), Tatars (0.8%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the total population. Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic. ... Kültigin Monument where first mention of Tatar people is inscribed Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ...

census 1939 census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002
Buryats 116,382 (21.3%) 135,798 (20.2%) 178,660 (22.0%) 206,860 (23.0%) 249,525 (24.0%) 272,910 (27.8%)
Soyots 2,739 (0.3%)
Russians 393,057 (72.0%) 502,568 (74.6%) 596,960 (73.5%) 647,785 (72.0%) 726,165 (69.9%) 665,512 (67.8%)
Ukrainians 13,392 (2.5%) 10,183 (1.5%) 10,769 (1.3%) 15,290 (1.7%) 22,868 (2.2%) 9,585 (1.0%)
Tatars 3,840 (0.7%) 8,058 (1.2%) 9,991 (1.2%) 10,290 (1.1%) 10,496 (1.0%) 8,189 (0.8%)
Evenks 1,818 (0.3%) 1,335 (0.2%) 1,685 (0.2%) 1,543 (0.2%) 1,679 (0.2%) 2,334 (0.2%)
Others 17,277 (3.2%) 15,384 (2.3%) 14,186 (1.7%) 17,630 (2.0%) 27,519 (2.7%) 19,969 (2.0%)
  • Population: 981,238 (2002)
    • Urban: 584,970 (59.6%)
    • Rural: 396,268 (40.4%)
    • Male: 467,984 (47.7%)
    • Female: 513,254 (52.3%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,097
  • Average age: 31.6 years
    • Urban: 31.2 years
    • Rural: 32.2 years
    • Male: 29.4 years
    • Female: 33.9 years
  • Number of households: 322,289 (with 958,402 people)
    • Urban: 197,651 (with 566,755 people)
    • Rural: 124,638 (with 391,647 people)
  • Vital statistics (2005)
    • Births: 13,551 (birth rate 14.0)
    • Deaths: 15,144 (death rate 15.7)

The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic. ... According to the 2002 census, there were 2769 Soyots in Russia. ... Kültigin Monument where first mention of Tatar people is inscribed Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ... The Evenks (obsolete: Tungus, autonym: Эвэнки) are a nomadic Tungusic people, one of the Northern Indigenous Peoples (pop. ...

History

The area of the modern day Buryatia was first colonized in the 1600s by Russians in search of wealth, furs and gold. In 1923, the republic was created through the union of the Buryat-Mongol and Mongol-Buryat Oblasts. Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasť, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ...


Politics

The head of government in Buryatia is the President, who is elected for a four-year term. As of 2006, the President is Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov, who was elected on July 1, 1994, re-elected in 1998 (with 63.25% of votes), and then re-elected again on June 23, 2002 (with over 67% of votes). Prior to the elections, Potapov was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic—the highest post at that time. 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov (born July 4, 1935) has been the President of the Buryat Republic in Russia since 1991. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


The Republic's parliament is the People's Khural, popularly elected every four years. The People's Khural has 65 deputies. States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ...


The Republic's Constitution was adopted on February 22, 1994. February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Economy

The republic's economy is composed of important agricultural and commercial products including wheat, vegetables, potatoes, timber, leather, graphite and textiles. Fishing, hunting, fur farming, sheep and cattle farming, mining, stock raising, engineering, and food processing are also important economic generators. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ...


Education

The higher education institutions of the republic include Buryatia State University, Buryat State Academy of Agriculture, East Siberian State Academy of Arts and Culture, and East Siberian State Technological Institute.


Religion

Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism, and Orthodox Christianity are the most widespread religions in Buryatia. Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, and Sikkim), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ... A shaman doctor of Kyzyl. ... Orthodox Christianity is a generalized reference to the Eastern traditions of Christianity, as opposed to the Western traditions (which descend through, or alongside of, the Roman Catholic Church) or the Eastern Rite Catholic churches. ...


Tourism

Lake Baikal is a popular tourist destination.


See also

The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic. ... Buryatia is a part of the Russian Federation. ... The Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the former Soviet Union. ...

External links

  • (English) Official website of the Buryat Republic.
  • (Russian) Official website of the Buryat Republic.
  • Official website of the Buryat Republic (in Buryat).
  • (English) (Russian) Official website of Buryat State Academy of Agriculture.
  • (Russian) Official website of East Siberian State Academy of Arts and Culture.
  • (English) (German) A free and independent travel guide for Lake Baikal and the Republic of Buryatia Made from travellers for travellers!.
  • (English) The Republic of Buryatia
Administrative divisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygea | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita2 | Irkutsk3 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous okrugs Aga Buryatia2 | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia4 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia3 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. A referendum on merging Chita Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug into Zabaykalsky Krai will be held on 11 March 2007.
  3. On January 1, 2008, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  4. On July 1, 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga

  Results from FactBites:
 
Environments of Buryatia (1359 words)
The Republic of Buryatia is situated in the south part of the East Siberia, southwards and eastwards of the lake Baikal.
As for spring in Buryatia, it is mainly arid with frequent night-tine frosts.
Buryatia is divided into 4 large areas due to features of the relief: the East Sayan, Baikal Mountain Region, Selenginsk Dauria and the Vitim plateau.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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