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Encyclopedia > Buryat Republic

The Buryat Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Буря́тия; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a Russian Federation (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Respublika Buryatiya in Russian and Buryaad Respublika in Buryat.

Buryat Republic
Республика Бурятия
Буряад Республика
   
Flag of Buryatia Coat of arms of Buryatia
Flag of Buryatia Coat of arms of Buryatia
Image:RussiaBuryat.png
Capital Ulan-Ude
Area

- total
- % water

17th

- 351,300 kmē
- negligible

Population

- Total
- Density

56th

_ est. 981,238 (2002)
- est. 2.8/kmē

Political status Republic
Federal district Siberian Federal District
Economic Region East Siberia
Cadaster # 03
Official languages Russian, Buryat
President Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov
Prime Minister
Anthem
Contents

Geography

Buryatia is located in the South-Central region of Siberia along the eastern shore of Lake Baikal.

Time zone

Buryatia is located in the Irkutsk Time Zone (IRKT/IRKST). UTC offset is +0800 (IRKT)/+0900 (IRKST).


Rivers

Major rivers include:

Lakes

Buryatia is located on the shores of the Lake Baikal (60% of the shore line).


Mountains

Over 80% of republic's territory is located in the mountainous region.


Natural Resources

Buryatia's natural resources include gold, tungsten, zinc, uranium and more.


Climate

  • Average annual temperature: -1.6°C
  • Average January temperature: -22°C
  • Average July temperature: +18°C
  • Average annual precipitation: 244 mm

Administrative division

Main article: Russians (70%), Buryats (24%), and Ukrainians (2.2%).

  • Population: 981,238 (2002)
    • Urban: 584,970 (59.6%)
    • Rural: 396,268 (40.4%)
    • Male: 467,984 (47.7%)
    • Female: 513,254 (52.3%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,097
  • Average age: 31.6 years
    • Urban: 31.2 years
    • Rural: 32.2 years
    • Male: 29.4 years
    • Female: 33.9 years
  • Number of households: 322,289 (with 958,402 people)
    • Urban: 197,651 (with 566,755 people)
    • Rural: 124,638 (with 391,647 people)

History

The area of the modern day Buryatia was first colonized in the 1600s by Russians in search of wealth, furs and gold. In 1923, the republic was created through the union of the Buryat-Mongol and Mongol-Buryat Oblasts.


Politics

The head of government in Buryatia is the President. As of 2004, the president is Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov, who was elected in 1998 (with 63.25% of votes), and then re-elected on June 23, 2002 (with over 67% of votes).


Economy

The republic's economy is composed of important agricultural and commercial products including wheat, vegetables, potatoes, timber, leather and textiles. Fishing, hunting, fur farming, mining, stock raising and food processing are also important economic generators.


Education

The higher education institutions of the republic include Buryatia State University, Buryat State Academy of Agriculture, East Siberian State Academy of Arts and Culture, and East Siberian State Technological Institute.


Religion

Buddhism, Shamanism, and Orthodox Christianity are the most popular religions in Buryatia.


Tourism

Lake Baikal is a popular tourist destination.


External links

  • Official website of the Buryat Republic (http://egov-buryatia.ru:8081) (in English)
  • Official website of the Buryat Republic (http://gov.buryatia.ru:8080) (in Russian)
  • Official website of the Buryat Republic (http://gov.buryatia.ru:8082) (in Buryat)
  • Official website of Buryat State Academy of Agriculture (http://www.bgsha.ru/eng/index.html) (in English)
  • Official website of Buryat State Academy of Agriculture (http://www.bgsha.ru) (in Russian)
  • Official website of East Siberian State Academy of Arts and Culture (http://vsgaki.burnet.ru/) (in Russian)


Federal subjects of Russia
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia_Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Perm | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous Oblasts Jewish
Autonomous Districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia | Nenetsia | Permyakia | Taymyria | Ust-Orda Buryatia | Yamalia



  Results from FactBites:
 
Buryat Republic. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (318 words)
The republic is mountainous and heavily forested and has rivers and lakes that are rich in fish and that provide hydroelectric power.
The Buryats, former nomads who have largely adopted a sedentary existence, are descended from the Huns, Mongols, Evenki, and Turks.
The Buryat Republic was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see Russia).
Buryat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (562 words)
The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic.
Buryats are of Mongolian descent and share many customs with their Mongolian cousins, including nomadic herding and erecting yurts for shelter.
From the middle of the 17th century to the beginning of the 20th, the Buryat population increased from 27,700 to 300,000.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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