Number of households: 322,289 (with 958,402 people)
Urban: 197,651 (with 566,755 people)
Rural: 124,638 (with 391,647 people)
The area of the modern day Buryatia was first colonized in the 1600s by Russians in search of wealth, furs and gold. In 1923, the republic was created through the union of the Buryat-Mongol and Mongol-Buryat Oblasts.
The head of government in Buryatia is the President. As of 2004, the president is Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov, who was elected in 1998 (with 63.25% of votes), and then re-elected on June 23, 2002 (with over 67% of votes).
The republic's economy is composed of important agricultural and commercial products including wheat, vegetables, potatoes, timber, leather and textiles. Fishing, hunting, fur farming, mining, stock raising and food processing are also important economic generators.
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