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Encyclopedia > Burwell, Cambridgeshire

For other places named Burwell, see here. Burwell may refer to: Burwell, Cambridgeshire Burwell, Nebraska This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Burwell
OS Grid Reference: TL589665
Lat/Lon: 52°16′N 0°19′E
Population: 5833 (2001 Census)
Dwellings: 2428 (2001 Census)
Formal status: Village
Administration
County: Cambridgeshire
Region: East Anglia
Nation: England
Post Office and Telephone
Post town: Cambridge
Postcode: CB5
Dialling Code: 01638 (Newmarket)

Burwell is a village in Cambridgeshire. Burwell Lode runs along the western edge of the Village, with all land north and west of that being part of the area known as The Fens. The village name means "Spring by the Fort", refering to Burwell Castle (see below), located close to a spring in the south of the village. The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... A dwelling is a structure in which humans or other animals live. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... The region (also known as Government Office region) is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity in England. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... Home Nations is a term used to refer to the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom - England, Scotland, Wales, and [[Northern Ireland collectively, but also as separate entities, distinct from the United Kingdom as a whole. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK and Australian postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Map sources for Newmarket at grid reference TL6463 Local celebrity jockey Frankie Detorri in the parade ring at Newmarket after riding in the 2000 Guineas 2005 Newmarket is a market town in the English county of Suffolk, approximately 65 miles north of London, which has grown and become famous because... A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Redgrave and Lopham Fen. ...


The village is twinned with two villages; Lizy-sur-ourcq and Mary-sur-Marne and one small town; Ocquerre. These are all situated in France, but only Lizy is mentioned on the signs as you enter the village. A plate commemorating the twinning is located on a wall on the outside of the Year 3 classroom at the village primary school; Burwell Village College (Primary) which educates local 4-11 year olds. The Village falls into the catchment areas of both Bottisham and Soham Village Colleges, which provide education at Secondary level (11-16). For the term related to television programmes, see watershed (television). ... Soham Village College is a secondary school in Soham, Cambridgeshire, England. ...


It was recorded as Burewelle is the Domesday book when it was held by The Abbot of Ramsey. The domesday book was conducted in 1085 and was completed in 1086 which meant that it took William the Conquer 1 year to complete. ...


With a population of 5,833 (2001 Census), it is the second biggest village in the county after Sawston (South Cambs) and the 3rd biggest Settlement in the District after Soham and Ely. It is fractionally larger than Littleport. Sawston is a large village in Cambridgeshire in England, situated on the River Cam seven miles south of Cambridge. ... For the Sanskrit word Soham Soham is a small town in the English county of Cambridgeshire. ... There are other places also called Ely. ... Littleport is the name of some places: Littleport, England, United Kingdom Littleport, Iowa, United States of America This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The village is located 4 miles from Newmarket, 13 miles from Cambridge, and measures 1/2 mile east to west and 1.5 miles north-south. The Devil's Dyke Ancient Monument passes approximately 1 mile south west of the village. Devils Dyke near Gallows Hill, near Burwell. ...


The term for a resident of the village is "Burwellian". The village was awarded the Best Kept Village award for East Cambridgeshire in 1998, 1999 and 2004, and won the same award for the whole county in 2000 East Cambridgeshire is a local government district in Cambridgeshire, England. ...

Contents


Burwell Castle

St Mary's Church, Burwell
St Mary's Church, Burwell

The village is the site of an unfinished castle, situated in Spring Close. The final wall collapsed in the 1930s, but the moat is still clearly visible. Download high resolution version (603x804, 134 KB)The church of St Marys, Burwell. ... Download high resolution version (603x804, 134 KB)The church of St Marys, Burwell. ...


The castle was built during "The Anarchy", the internal British conflicts of the mid 12th century in the reign of King Stephen. Although a settlement had been reached such that the throne would pass to Henry II on Stephen's death, the Barons of the time took the opportunity to fight their own battles. The Anarchy in English history commonly names the period of civil war and unsettled government that occurred during the reign (1135–1154) of King Stephen of England. ... Stephen (1096 – October 25, 1154), the last Norman King of England, reigned from 1135 to 1154, when he was succeeded by his cousin Henry II, the first of the Angevin or Plantagenet Kings. ... Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ...


Among these Geoffrey de Mandeville was particularly troublesome and, after turning against Stephen, had set up an impregnable base around Ely. From his base he would attack local towns, such as Cambridge, and so the king ordered castles be built to surround Geoffrey. The few sites at which it is known such castles were to be constructed include Rampton (Giant's Hill), Ramsey (Booth's Hill) and Burwell. Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex (d. ... There are other places also called Ely. ... Map of the Cambridgeshire area (1904) The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ... Ramsey is a small Huntingdonshire market town, north of Huntingdon and St Ives. ...


At Burwell, a moat had been constructed and the stone keep partially built when Geoffrey attacked and was mortally wounded. His revolt thus collapsed and the castle was left unfinished.


The narrow lane running along the side of the church next to Spring Close, where the Castle is located, is named "Mandeville".


The Barn Fire

On the 8th of September 1727, a puppet show visited Burwell and put on a show. The show was held in a barn on what is now Cuckolds Row, near the centre of the village. After the barn had filled with an audience from Burwell and surrounding villages, the doors were nailed shut to prevent further people getting in, a simple act which was key to the tragedy which resulted. September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... Events June 11 - George, Prince of Wales becomes King George II of Great Britain. ...


One person who could not get into the barn sat with a candle lantern and peered in to watch the show. However, the person accidentally knocked the lantern into the barn, setting fire to the hay within. With no way to escape, 78 people (51 of them, children) perished in the ensuing blaze.


The deceased are buried in the churchyard of St. Marys Church, at the opposite end of the High Street, with a gravestone engraved with a blazing heart with angels' wings. On 8th September 2005, a plaque was unveiled at the site of the barn in memorial of the fire.


See also

This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Cambridgeshire, England. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cambridgeshire, England's Cities, Towns, Villages and Settlements (517 words)
Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west.
Cambridgeshire is twinned with Kreis Viersen in Germany.
These are the settlements in Cambridgeshire with a town charter, city status or a population over 5,000.
Burwell, Cambridgeshire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (661 words)
Burwell Lode runs along the western edge of the Village, with all land north and west of that being part of the area known as The Fens.
At Burwell, a moat had been constructed and the stone keep partially built when Geoffrey attacked and was mortally wounded.
After the barn had filled with an audience from Burwell and surrounding villages, the doors were nailed shut to prevent further people getting in, a simple act which was key to the tragedy which resulted.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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