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Encyclopedia > Burt Shotton

Burton Edwin Shotton (October 18, 1884 - July 29, 1962) was an American player, manager, coach and scout in Major League Baseball. As manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947, 1948-50), he won two National League pennants and served as Jackie Robinson's first permanent major league manager. October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in Leap years). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager; this individual controls matters of team strategy on the field and team leadership. ... In the baseball game, the coach is a member of the team at bat stationed near first or third base to signal and direct the runners and batters. ... Professional sports scouts are trained talent evaluators who travel extensively for the purposes of watching athletes play their chosen sports and determining whether their set of skills and talents represent what is needed by the scouts organization. ... MLB logo Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890-present) West Division (1969-present) American Association (1884-1889) Major league titles World Series titles (6) 1988 â€¢ 1981 â€¢ 1965 â€¢ 1963 1959 â€¢ 1955 NL Pennants (21) 1988 â€¢ 1981 â€¢ 1978 â€¢ 1977 1974 â€¢ 1966 â€¢ 1965 â€¢ 1963 1959 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1955 â€¢ 1953 1952 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 â€¢ 1941 1920 â€¢ 1916 â€¢ 1900... This article refers to the American baseball league. ... Brooklyn Dodger infielder Jackie Robinson in 1947. ...


Shotton was born in Brownhelm, Ohio. In his playing days, he was a speedy outfielder (his nickname, "Barney," came from early race car driver Barney Oldfield) who batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He compiled a .270 batting average for the St. Louis Browns, Washington Senators, and St. Louis Cardinals (1909; 1911-23), and stole over 40 bases in four consecutive seasons. In the early 1920s, as a player and coach, he was the Cardinals' "Sunday manager," relieving skipper Branch Rickey, who always observed the Christian Sabbath. Rickey and Shotton had formed a longstanding friendship and professional relationship dating back to their years together (1913-15) with the Browns. An outfielder moves in to catch a fly ball Outfielder is a collective term including left fielder, center fielder, and right fielder, the three positions in baseball farthest from the batter. ... Barney Oldfield (June 3, 1878-October 4, 1946) was an automobile racer and pioneer; born in a farmhouse on the outskirts of Wauseon, Ohio. ... Batting average is a statistic in both baseball and cricket measuring the performance of baseball hitters and cricket batsmen, respectively. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (3) 1983 â€¢ 1970 â€¢ 1966 AL Pennants (7) 1983 â€¢ 1979 â€¢ 1971 â€¢ 1970 1969 â€¢ 1966 â€¢ 1944 East Division titles (8) 1997 â€¢ 1983 â€¢ 1979 â€¢ 1974 1973 â€¢ 1971 â€¢ 1970 â€¢ 1969 Wild card berths (1) 1996 Major league... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) Central Division (1994-present) West Division (1969-1993) Major league titles World Series titles (3) 1991 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1924 AL Pennants (6) 1991 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1965 â€¢ 1933 1925 â€¢ 1924 Central Division titles (3) 2004 â€¢ 2003 â€¢ 2002 West Division titles (4) 1991 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1970 â€¢ 1969 Wild... Major league affiliations National League (1892-present) Central Division (1994-present) Eastern Division (1969-1993) American Association (1882-1891) Major league titles World Series titles (9) 1982 â€¢1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934 â€¢ 1931 1926 NL Pennants (16) 2004 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1985 â€¢ 1982 1968 â€¢ 1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1943 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1985 In baseball, a stolen base occurs when a baserunner successfully advances to the next base while the pitcher is delivering the ball to home plate. ... Wesley Branch Rickey (December 20, 1881 - December 9, 1965) was an innovative Major League Baseball executive who is best known for helping break baseballs color barrier and creating the framework to the modern minor league farm system. ...


Shotton's first formal major league managing opportunity came with the NL's traditional tailending team, the Philadelphia Phillies; he lasted six seasons (1928-33) with the Phils, who twice lost more than 100 games (and, more notably, finished above .500 once) during his term. After coaching with the Cincinnati Reds and Cleveland Indians, and a long stint as a minor league manager for the Cardinals, Shotton had settled into a scouting role for the Dodgers (where Rickey was president and general manager) when he received a telegram, summoning him to Brooklyn, on the eve of the 1947 season. "Come at once, see no one, say nothing," Rickey's wire admonished. Major league affiliations National League (1883-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 1980 NL Pennants (5) 1993 â€¢ 1983 â€¢ 1980 â€¢ 1950 1915 East Division titles (6) [1] 1993 â€¢ 1983 â€¢ 1980 â€¢ 1978 1977 â€¢ 1976 Wild card berths (0) None [1] - In 1981, a players strike in... Major league affiliations National League (1890-present) Central Division (1994-present) West Division (1969-1993) American Association (1882-1889) Major league titles World Series titles (5) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1940 1919 NL Pennants (9) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1972 1970 â€¢ 1961 â€¢ 1940 â€¢ 1939 1919 AA Pennants (1) 1882 Central Division titles... The Cleveland Indians are a Major League Baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. ...


Flying immediately to Flatbush, not knowing what to expect, Shotton was ushered into Rickey's presence. Leo Durocher, the Dodgers' iconic manager since 1939, had been suspended for the entire '47 campaign by Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler. Rickey pleaded with Shotton to take over the Dodgers for the season. Then 62, and convinced that his on-field career was over, Shotton reluctantly took the reins - in street clothes. He inherited what historian Jules Tygiel called Baseball's Great Experiment - the Dodgers' and Robinson's breaking of the infamous color line to end 60 years of racial segregation in baseball. The rookie was facing withering insults from opposing players, and a petition by Dodger players protesting Robinson's presence had only recently been quashed by Durocher. Leo Ernest Durocher (July 27, 1905 - October 7, 1991), nicknamed Leo the Lip, was an American infielder and manager in Major League Baseball. ... In 1920 the owners of Major League Baseball, in order to reestablish confidence of fans in the sport following the Black Sox Scandal, established the office of Commissioner of Baseball. ... Albert Chandler Albert Benjamin Happy Chandler (July 14, 1898–June 15, 1991) was a governor of Kentucky, a U.S. Senator and Baseball Commissioner. ... The Baseball color line was the unwritten policy which excluded African American United States before 1947. ...


Shotton's calm demeanor, however, provided the quiet leadership the Dodgers needed. They won the pennant by five games, and took the New York Yankees to seven games in the 1947 World Series before bowing. With Durocher's suspension over, Shotton retired again to a front office post. But the 1948 Dodgers did not respond to Durocher's return; they even (briefly) fell into the NL cellar. Durocher was also under siege by the Catholic Youth Organization because of his scandalous extra-marital relationship with (then quick marriage to) actress Laraine Day. Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (26) 2000 â€¢ 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 1978 â€¢ 1977 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1961 1958 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1953 â€¢ 1952 1951 â€¢ 1950 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 1943 â€¢ 1941 â€¢ 1939 â€¢ 1938 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1932 â€¢ 1928 1927 â€¢ 1923 AL Pennants (39) 2003 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 2000... The 1947 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Brooklyn Dodgers, with the Yankees winning the Series in 7 games for their first title since 1943, and the 11th championship in team history. ... A Catholic Youth Organization is an organization for young Catholics. ... Loraine Day (October 13, 1917)Born in Roosevelt, Utah, An American Actress. ...


With the New York Giants also floundering, owner Horace Stoneham decided to replace his manager, Mel Ott, with Shotton. He called Rickey to ask permission to speak with Shotton, and was stunned when Rickey offered him the opportunity to hire Durocher instead. On July 16, 1948, Durocher moved from Brooklyn to Harlem, and Shotton was back in the Dodger dugout - still in street clothes. He rallied the Dodgers to a third place finish in 1948, then won his second pennant in 1949 - again bowing to the Yankees in the World Series. Nevertheless, he continually faced criticism from Durocher loyalists on the Dodgers - who claimed that Shotton was a poor game strategist - and from noted New York Daily News baseball writer Dick Young, who came to refer to him in print only by the acronym KOBS, short for "Kindly Old Burt Shotton." Major league affiliations National League (1883-present) West Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (5) 1954 â€¢ 1933 â€¢ 1922 â€¢ 1921 1905 â€¢ 1894 â€¢ 1889 â€¢ 1888 NL Pennants (20) 2002 â€¢ 1989 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1954 1951 â€¢ 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1933 1924... Melvin Thomas (Mel) Ott (March 2, 1909 – November 21, 1958), nicknamed Master Melvin, was a right fielder in Major League Baseball who played his entire career in the National League for the New York Giants (1926-1947). ...


In 1950, despite chronic pitching woes, Shotton guided the Dodgers to within a game of first place on the final day of the season. When Dick Sisler's home run off Don Newcombe won the pennant for the Phillies' "Whiz Kids", the Dodger season was over. So was Shotton's managerial career. Rickey was forced from the Brooklyn front office by new majority owner Walter O'Malley at the end of the 1950 season. Back home in Winter Haven, Florida, Shotton ignored O'Malley's repeated suggestions that he fly to Brooklyn to "discuss his future." "I don't intend to go all the way up there just to be fired," Shotton said. Indeed, O'Malley had already decided on Chuck Dressen as his new manager. Richard Alan (Dick) Sisler (November 2, 1920 - November 20, 1998) was a player, coach and manager in Major League Baseball. ... Donald Newcombe (born June 14, 1926 in Madison, New Jersey), nicknamed Newk, is an American former Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher and left-handed batter who played for the Dodgers teams (Brooklyn, 1949-51, and Los Angeles, 1954-58), Cincinnati Reds (1958-60) and Cleveland Indians (1960). ... Walter Francis OMalley (1903-1979) circa 1940-1950 Walter Francis OMalley (October 9, 1903 - August 9, 1979) was an American sports executive who owned the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers team in Major League Baseball from 1950 to 1979. ... Winter Haven is a city located in Polk County, Florida. ... Charles Walter Dressen (September 20, 1898 – August 10, 1966) - alternatively nicknamed Chuck or Charlie - was an American third baseman, manager and coach in Major League Baseball during a career that lasted almost 50 years, but he is best known as the manager of the powerful Brooklyn Dodgers of 1951-53. ...


Shotton died in Lake Wales, Florida of a heart attack at age 77 during the second All-Star break in 1962; his career record as a big league manager was 697-763 (.463). Lake Wales is a city located in Polk County, Florida. ...


External link

  • Baseball-Reference.com - career managing record and playing statistics

  Results from FactBites:
 
Burt Shotton Information (762 words)
Shotton's first formal major league managing opportunity came with the NL's traditional tailending team, the Philadelphia Phillies; he lasted six seasons (1928-33) with the Phils, who twice lost more than 100 games (and, more notably, finished above.500 once) during his term.
After coaching with the Cincinnati Reds and Cleveland Indians, and a long stint as a minor league manager for the Cardinals, Shotton had settled into a scouting role for the Dodgers (where Rickey was president and general manager) when he received a telegram summoning him to Brooklyn on the eve of the 1947 season.
Shotton died in Lake Wales, Florida of a heart attack at age 77 during the second All-Star break in 1962; his career record as a big league manager was 697-763 (.463).
HickokSports.com - Biography - Burt Shotton (255 words)
A left-handed hitter and right-handed thrower, Shotton was a competent major-league outfielder for 14 seasons, leading the NL in walks with 99 in 1913 and 111 in 1916 and compiling a.270 career average.
Shotton became a coach with the Cardinals in 1923 and took over as manager of the Philadelphia Phillies in 1928.
In 1946, Shotton retired from baseball after having served as a coach with the Cleveland Indians for four years.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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