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Encyclopedia > Burslem
Burslem
Burslem
Statistics
Population:
Ordnance Survey
OS grid reference: SJ875495
Administration
District: City of Stoke-on-Trent
Region: West Midlands
Constituent country: England
Sovereign state: United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: Staffordshire
Historic county: Staffordshire
Services
Police force: Staffordshire Police
Ambulance service: Staffordshire
Post office and telephone
Post town: STOKE-ON-TRENT
Postal district: ST6
Dialling code: 01782
Politics
UK Parliament: Stoke-on-Trent North
European Parliament: West Midlands
England

The town of Burslem known as the Mother Town is one of those that make up the city of Stoke-on-Trent, in the ceremonial county of Staffordshire, in the Midlands of England. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1802x2589, 189 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... This page is about Stoke-on-Trent in England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The West Midlands is a geographical term describing the western half of central England, known as the Midlands. ... Constituent country is an official term used to describe three of the four principal component parts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK): England; Scotland; Wales. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... The traditional counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England into around forty areas, which were used for both administrative and general geographical demarcation for several hundreds of years. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Staffordshire Police is the Home Office police force responsible for policing Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent in the West Midlands of England. ... This is a list of ambulance services in the United Kingdom: Ambulance services in England: Category: ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... To see the list in alphabetical order see the categories UK Parliamentary constituencies and UK Parliamentary constituencies (historic). ... Stoke-on-Trent North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The inside of the building The European Parliament (formerly European Parliamentary Assembly) is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... West Midlands is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... This page is about Stoke-on-Trent in England. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... In general, the midlands of a territory are its central regions. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population...

Contents


Topography of Burslem

Burslem is sited on the eastern ridge of the Fowlea Valley, the Fowlea being one of the main early tributaries of the River Trent. Burslem embraces the areas of Middleport, Dalehall, Longport, Westport, Trubshaw Cross, and Brownhills. The Trent & Mersey Canal cuts through, to the west and south of the town centre. A little further west, the West Coast Main Line railway and the A500 road run in parallel, forming a distinct boundary between Burslem and the abutting middle-class town of Newcastle-under-Lyme. To the south is Grange Park and Festival Park, reclaimed by the Stoke-on-Trent Garden Festival. The River Trent is one of the major rivers of England. ... Middleport is a residential and industrial district of the town of Burslem in the city of Stoke-on-Trent, England. ... The Trent and Mersey Canal is a canal linking the River Trent at Shardlow in Derbyshire to the River Mersey at Runcorn in Cheshire. ... The WCML running alogside the M1 motorway in Northamptonshire The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... The A500 is a major road in Staffordshire and Cheshire, England. ... Newcastle-under-Lyme, known simply as castle to many local people, is a busy market town in Staffordshire, England, not to be confused with the larger city of Newcastle upon Tyne. ... Antony Gormley sculpture, A View, A Place, 1986. ...


History of Burslem

The Domesday Book shows Burslem as a small farming hamlet; strategically sited above a vital ford at Longport, part of the major pack-horse track out of the Peak District and Staffordshire Moorlands to the Liverpool/London road. As far back as the late 1100s a thriving pottery industry existed, based on the fine & abundant local clays. After the Black Death, Burslem emerges in the records as a medieval town - the 1536 stone church is still standing and in use. Until the mid-1760s Burslem was relatively cut off from the rest of England; it had no navigable river nearby, and there were no good & reliable roads. By 1777 the Trent and Mersey Canal was nearing completion, and the roads had markedly improved. The town boomed on the back of fine pottery production & canals, and became known as 'The Mother Town' of the six towns that make up the city. The famous novels of Arnold Bennett evoke the feel of Victorian Burslem, with its many potteries, mines, and working canal barges. The Burslem of the 1930s to the 1980s is evoked by the paintings and plays of Arthur Berry. Doomesday Book (also known as Domesday, or Book of Winchester), was the record of the great survey of England completed in 1086, executed for William the Conqueror, that was similar to a census by a government of today. ... Map of Longport in Atlantic County Longport is a Borough in Atlantic County, New Jersey on the Atlantic Ocean shore of Absecon Island. ... The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, mainly spanning Derbyshire, but also covering bits of Cheshire, Staffordshire and South and West Yorkshire. ... Staffordshire Moorlands is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. ... Centuries: 11th century - 12th century - 13th century Decades: 1050s 1060s 1070s 1080s 1090s - 1100s - 1110s 1120s 1130s 1140s 1150s Years: 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 Events and Trends 1107 Emperor Toba ascends the throne of Japan The great Buddhist centre of learning at Nalanda is... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411). ... Events and Trends King George III ascends the British throne in 1760. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Trent and Mersey Canal is a canal linking the River Trent at Shardlow in Derbyshire to the River Mersey at Runcorn in Cheshire. ... Arnold Bennett, British novelist Enoch Arnold Bennett (May 27, 1867-March 27, 1931) was a British novelist. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of Great Britain is considered the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Arthur Berry (1925_1994). ...


Burslem contains Britain's last real working industrial district (ie: where people live within walking distance of the factories of a single heavy industry - in this case, the potteries); and thus much of the nineteenth-century industrial heritage, buildings & character have survived intact. A recent report suggested the concentration of pottery-based heritage makes the area the richest stretch of canal for industrial heritage in England. Industrial district is a term used to describe an area where workers of a monolithic heavy industry (ship-building, coal mining, steel-working, ceramics, etc) live within walking-distance of their places of work. ...


Burslem in old trade journals

"BURSLEM, an ancient town, with a market held for a long period by custom, and subsequently sanctioned by an act of parliament, is about three miles from Newcastle and two from Hanley, entitled to the precedence of other towns in this district, as claiming to be the mother, as it is the metropolis, of the Staffordshire Potteries." 1828 journal



"In the Doomsday Survey - for even in that early date Burslem was a place of some importance - the town appears, as "Burwardeslyn;" and frequent mention is made of it in ancient documents during the Middle Ages." 1893 journal

  • More on Burslem - in trade journals

Population & housing in Burslem

At the 1991 census count, the population of Burslem was 21,400. A study by consultants Atkins, working from 2001 Census data, showed that the Burslem population is steady and has not declined due to manufacturing decline during the 1980s and 90s.


Traditional Victorian & Edwardian terraced houses dominate the town. Terraced houses in Stoke-on-Trent sell for an average of £60,904 (Source: Land Registry Q3 2004 figures) and at October 2004 they were rising in value at the rate of £400 per week. There are advanced plans to build around 800 new high-quality homes in Burslem by 2006/7, on the sites of cleared Victorian potteries and schools.


Heavy industrial employment (mines, steel & pots) has left a legacy of ill-health among many older people, but there is the Haywood Hospital (High Lane, Burslem) and the new £300-million University Hospital of North Staffordshire is just three miles away by road.


Economy in Burslem

Industrial scale pottery production has drastically declined since the 1970s; but specialist makers (Steelite) and smaller producers of high-value ceramics (Lorna Bailey, Burleigh, Moorcroft) are thriving. Burleigh is a nineteenth-century pottery in Middleport, Staffordshire built next to the Trent and Mersey Canal. ... Moorcroft is a British pottery manufacturer, whose hand made items are particularly assocatied with the use of rich flambe glazes, giving high color intensity and vibrancy. ...


Shopping options in the town centre have markedly declined, hit by the impact of nearby out-of-town retail parks that offer free parking.


At Spring 2002 unemployment was running at 4.1 percent or 1526 people in the Stoke-on-Trent North constituency; almost the same rate as the West Midlands as a whole. In Burslem at 2001 unemployment was 3.2 percent and declining. The West Midlands is a geographical term describing the western half of central England, known as the Midlands. ...


In 2005, £2-million of new business units for the creative industries was announced for the town.


New business parks are planned for 2006/7 just to the north (Chatterley Valley, £40m+) and the south (Etruria Valley, £100m+) of the town.


Tourism in Burslem

Around 5 million tourists visit Stoke-on-Trent each year, supporting around 4,400 direct jobs. Stoke shows its popularity through the number of repeat visits; around 80 percent of visitors have previously been here. Burslem has a variety of strong tourist attractions; Burleigh, Moorcroft, Lorna Bailey, Ceramica, Festival Park, its many authentic English pubs, the legacy of novelist Arnold Bennett, and the Trent & Mersey Canal. Burslem's centre benefits from having an almost-intact medieval street-plan and countless fine old buildings, and a townscape which almost-totally escaped re-development during the 1960s & 70s. This page is about Stoke-on-Trent in England. ...


Burslem has the historic Burslem School of Art sited in the town centre, and the School has been refurbished at a cost of £2.1m and offers several large free art galleries. The free Public Library, in the historic Wedgwood Institute, offers a strong selection of local history books. Ceramica is a new award-winning ceramics family attraction, based in the imposing old Town Hall and funded by Millennium Lottery money. The Queen's Theatre re-opened in 2004, as a medium-sized indie music venue, refurbished at private expense by a local businessman. Wedgwood is a British pottery firm, originally founded by Josiah Wedgwood, and possibly the most famous name ever associated with pottery in any form, which in 1987 merged with Waterford Crystal to become Waterford Wedgwood. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ...


There is a traditional Friday street market, and an annual street carnival in May.


The major football club Port Vale F.C. is based in Burslem. Near to the town is Burslem Golf Club - a 9-hole course which once had singer Robbie Williams as a Junior Captain. Port Vale Football Club is an English association football club based in Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Education in Burslem

Burslem is the site of the main campus of Stoke-on-Trent College, the largest Further Education college in England. The campus specialises in media-production and drama. Further education is education in addition to that received at secondary school. ...


Within a six mile radius from Burslem there are three world-class universities; Staffordshire at Shelton, Keele University, and Manchester Metropolitan's large Art & Design campus at Alsager. Staffordshire University is a university based in the city of Stoke-on-Trent, and also in Stafford & Lichfield. ... Keele University is a research-intensive campus university located near Newcastle-under-Lyme in Staffordshire in the West Midlands of England between Manchester and Birmingham. ... Manchester Metropolitan University is a university in Manchester, England. ... Location within the British Isles Alsager is a town in Cheshire, England, to the north-west of the city of Stoke-on-Trent, and east of the railway town of Crewe. ...


The environment in Burslem

Burslem's climate shares England's four distinct seasons. The weather often changes quickly, but extremes are rare; occasional hail and snow, lightning during intense late summer thunderstorms, winter fogs and light snowfall. Rainfall in Burslem is more like that of Birmingham than the persistent drizzle of Manchester. Air-quality is good. The town is elevated and is not prone to flooding.


Burslem has several Victorian parks, and the Westport Lakes country park.


Burslem has many water features; canals, lakes, pools and ponds, and a large amount of reclaimed green space that is a legacy of the highly successful 1980s National Garden Festival, which imaginatively reclaimed a large part of the Shelton Bar steelworks site.


The Peak District National Park begins just ten miles north-east of Burslem. The Peak District National Park is a national park in the north of England. ...


Transport

The nearby A500 gives access to the M6 motorway. Longport rail station is a request-stop offering direct connections south into Stoke, east to Derby and Nottingham, and north to Crewe & Manchester. The A500 is a major road in Staffordshire and Cheshire, England. ... This article concerns the M6 motorway in England. ...


The town is straddled by two major off-road cycle paths, part of the National Cycle Network. The first section of the NCN to be built was the Bristol and Bath Railway Path, opened in 1984. ...


The Trent & Mersey canal is said to see over 10,000 narrowboats a year using it. Moored narrowboats near Tardebigge, Worcestershire, England A narrowboat is a boat or small barge used on narrow beam canals in Britain. ...


The nearest international airports are Manchester & Birmingham International; each is about 60 minutes away by train. Manchester International Airport (IATA: MAN, ICAO: EGCC) is an airport in Manchester, UK, formerly known as Ringway. ... There is also a Birmingham International Airport in the United States. ...


Legends

See the Legend of Molly_Lee_-_Leigh To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


External links

  • Burslem - one of the Six Towns
  • Port Vale Football Club
  • Burslem School of Art
  • Middleport

Some of the text on this page is sourced from http://www.middleport.org.uk/aboutmport.html - with full permission for WikiPedia use & licensing granted - if in doubt, please contact author via http://www.middleport.org.uk/form.html



County of Staffordshire
Unitary authorities: Stoke-on-Trent
Boroughs/Districts: Cannock Chase • East Staffordshire • Lichfield • Newcastle-under-Lyme • South Staffordshire • Stafford • Staffordshire Moorlands • Tamworth
Cities/Towns: Biddulph • Burntwood • Burton upon Trent • Cannock • Cheadle • Eccleshall • Hednesford • Kidsgrove • Leek • Lichfield • Newcastle-under-Lyme • Penkridge • Rugeley • Stafford • Stoke-on-Trent (Burslem • Fenton • Hanley • Longton • Stoke • Tunstall) • Stone • Tamworth • Uttoxeter
See also: List of civil parishes in Staffordshire

  Results from FactBites:
 
Burslem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1271 words)
Burslem is sited on the eastern ridge of the Fowlea Valley, the Fowlea being one of the main early tributaries of the River Trent.
At the 1991 census count, the population of Burslem was 21,400.
In Burslem at 2001 unemployment was 3.2 percent and declining.
Burslem (891 words)
Burslem's major role in developing the region saw it referred to as the Mother Town of the Potteries and this title crops up on occasion today.
The people of Burslem perhaps were a little too prejudiced and built a new Town Hall when the City was being formed, so sure were they that they would be made the City Centre and local government would be located in the town.
Burslem's place in the record books is set in gold but the region had thrived long before the industrial revolution and the original major parish of the area was chosen for local government, the City's name being taken from it and the major market town lent itself as the obvious choice of City Centre.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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