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Encyclopedia > Bursa
Bursa
Bursa (Turkey )
Bursa
Location of Bursa
Coordinates: 40°11′N 29°04′E / 40.183, 29.067
Country Flag of Turkey Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Bursa
Settled 202 BC
Area
 - Three districts 1,036 km² (400 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (328 ft)
Population (2007)[1]
 - City 1,562,828
 - Density 1,508.52/km² (3,907/sq mi)
 - Urban 1,431,172
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 16x xx
Area code(s) (+90) 224
Licence plate 16
Website: www.bursa.bel.tr

Bursa (historically also known as Prusa, Greek: Προύσσα, and later as Brusa) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the seat of Bursa Province. With a population of 1,562,828 (2007),[1] it is Turkey's fourth largest city, as well as one of the most industrialized and culturally charged metropolitan centers in the country. The word Bursa has several meanings: Geography Bursa, the capital of the Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 320 pixelsFull resolution (3323 × 1331 pixel, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/png) Карта Турции в нужной проекции для Шаблон:ПозКарта, обрезанная ровно по линиям градусов (25° - 45° в.д., 43° - 35° с.ш.). Map of Turkey, in the equirectangular projection (equidistant cylindrical projection, or plate carrée). ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Below each region you will find associated Cities with the region. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Turkish car number plates are license plates found on Turkish vehicles. ... This is a list of cities in Turkey by population (according to the 2000 census). ... Bursa is a province in western Turkey, along the Sea of Marmara. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


The city is frequently cited as "Yeşil Bursa" (meaning "Green Bursa") in a reference to the beautiful parks and gardens located across its urban tissue, as well as to the vast forests in rich variety that extend in its surrounding region. The city is synonymous with the mountain Uludağ which towers behind the city core and which is also a famous ski resort. The mausoleums of early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period constitute the city's main landmarks. The surrounding fertile plain, its thermal baths, several interesting museums, notably a rich museum of archaeology, and a rather orderly urban growth are further principal elements that complete Bursa's overall picture. Mount UludaÄŸ UludaÄŸ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, is a mountain in Bursa Province, Turkey, of altitude 2,543 m. ... St. ... The Ottoman Dynasty (or the Imperial House of Osman) ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1281 to 1923, beginning with Osman I (not counting his father, ErtuÄŸrul), though the dynasty was not proclaimed until 1383 when Murad I declared himself sultan. ... Thermal bath has different meanings in various contexts. ... For referencing in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Citing sources. ...


Karagöz and Hacivat shadow play characters were historic personalities who lived and are buried in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most famous Turkish dishes, especially candied chestnuts and İskender kebap. Its peaches are also well-renowned. Among its depending district centers, İznik, historic Nicaea, is especially notable for its long history and important edifices. Bursa is home to Uludağ University, and its population attains one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey. It has traditionally been a pole of attraction and of refuge for immigration into Turkey from the Balkans, in sizable waves at times until quite recently. Hacivat (left) and Karagöz (right) Karagöz (meaning blackeye in Turkish) and Hacivat (also written Hacivad) are the lead characters of the traditional Turkish shadow play, popularized during the Ottoman period. ... Chinese Shadow Theatre figures Shadow play (Chinese: 皮影戏, pi ying xi) is an ancient form of storytelling and entertainment using opaque, often articulated figures in front of an illuminated backdrop to create the illusion of moving images. ... Cuisine of Turkey is highly influenced by its Ottoman heritage, and thus, it is a fusion and refinement of Turkic, Arabic, Persian and Greek cuisines [1]. Ottomans fused various culinary traditions of their realm, with particular influences from Middle Eastern cuisines, along with traditional Turkic elements from Central Asia such... Species Castanea alnifolia - Bush Chinkapin* Castanea crenata - Japanese Chestnut Castanea dentata - American Chestnut Castanea henryi - Henrys Chestnut Castanea mollissima - Chinese Chestnut Castanea ozarkensis - Ozark Chinkapin Castanea pumila - Allegheny Chinkapin Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut Castanea seguinii - Seguins Chestnut * treated as a synonym of by many authors Chestnut is a... Iskender kebap with yogurt Ä°skender kebap is one of the most famous meat foods of Northwestern Turkey and takes its name from its inventor, Ä°skender Efendi, who lived in Bursa in the late 19th century. ... Iznik ceramic pitcher with flower decoration from ca. ... Iznik (formerly Nicaea) is a city in Anatolia (now part of Turkey) which is known primarily as the site of two major meetings (or Ecumenical councils) in the early history of the Christian church. ... Uludag University (Turkish: UludaÄŸ Ãœniversitesi) is a university located in Bursa, Turkey. ... Balkan redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Bursa in 1890
Bursa in 1890

The earliest known site at this location was Cius, which Philip V of Macedonia granted to the Bithynian king Prusias I in 202 BC, for his help against Pergamum and Heraclea Pontica (modern Karadeniz Ereğli). Prusias renamed the city after himself, as Prusa. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Kios (also known as Cius) was an ancient Greek town bordering the Propontis (now known as the Sea of Marmara), and had as such a long history, being mentioned by Homer, Aristoteles and Strabo. ... Coin of Philip V. The Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ ([coin] of King Philip). ... Bithynia was an ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor, adjoining the Propontis, the Thracian Bosporus and the Euxine (today Black Sea). ... Prusias I Chlorus (c. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 3rd century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 207 BC 206 BC 205 BC 204 BC 203 BC - 202 BC - 201 BC 200 BC 199 BC 198 BC 197 BC Events October... Pergamon or Pergamum (modern day Bergama in Turkey) was a Greek city, in northwestern Anatolia, 16 miles from the Aegean Sea, located on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern day Bakir), that became an important kingdom during the Hellenistic period, under the Attalid dynasty, 282... Heraclea Pontica (Greek: Ηράκλεια Ποντική; modern day Karadeniz EreÄŸli, in the Zonguldak Province of Turkey, on the Black Sea), an ancient city on the coast of Bithynia in Asia Minor, at the mouth of the river Lycus. ... Karadeniz EreÄŸli is a city in Zonguldak Province in Turkey on the Black Sea. ...


It was later a major city, located on the westernmost end of the famous Silk Road, and was the capital of the Ottoman Empire following its capture from the shrinking Byzantine Empire in 1326. The capture of Edirne in 1365 brought that city to the fore as well, but Bursa remained an important administrative and commercial center even after it lost its status as the sole capital. During the Ottoman rule, Bursa was the source of most royal silk products. Aside from the local production, it imported raw silk from Iran, and occasionally China, and was the 'factory' for the kaftans, pillows, embroidery and other silk products for the royal palaces up through the 17th century. Another traditional occupation is knife making and, historically, horse carriage building. Nowadays one can still find hand-made knives as well as other products in rich variety produced by artisans, but instead of carriages, there is a big automobile industry. For other uses, see Silk Road (disambiguation). ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... Byzantine redirects here. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... Adrianople redirects here. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... This article is about the tool. ... Tourists in a vis-a-vis, Prague The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse-drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century) or leather strapping for suspension, whether light, smart and fast or large and comfortable. ...


Bursa sits on a geologic fault like most of Turkey. The city was partially leveled by strong earthquakes coupled with fires and was rebuilt after each time. The last devastating earthquake occurred in 1885. Geologic faults, fault lines or simply faults are planar rock fractures, which show evidence of relative movement. ...


Economy

Bursa center
Bursa center

Bursa is the toe of Turkey's automobile industry. FIAT and Renault have for decades had important production units in Bursa. The textile and food industries are equally strong, and Coca Cola, Pepsi Cola, and other beverages brands, as well as fresh and canned food industries are present in the city's organized industrial zones. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 173 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Monumento ad Ataturk in una delle piazze di Bursa, Turchia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 173 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Monumento ad Ataturk in una delle piazze di Bursa, Turchia. ... Car redirects here. ... For other uses, see Fiat (disambiguation). ... For the author, see Mary Renault. ... This article is about the beverage. ... Pepsi-Cola, most commonly called Pepsi, is a soft drink produced by PepsiCo which is sold worldwide in stores, restaurants and vending machines. ... Canning is a method of preserving food by first heating it to a temperature that destroys contaminating micro-organisms, and then sealing it in air-tight jars or cans. ...


Traditionally, Bursa was famous for its fertile soil and agricultural activities, both of which are decreasing due to the heavy industrialization of the city.


Bursa is also a major tourist center: One of the best ski resorts of Turkey is located at Uludağ just next to city proper. Its thermal baths have been used for therapeutical purposes since Roman times. Apart from baths operated by hotels, Uludağ University has a physical therapy center which also makes use of thermal water. Mount UludaÄŸ UludaÄŸ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, is a mountain in Bursa Province, Turkey, of altitude 2,543 m. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Physical therapy (or physiotherapy[1]) is the provision of services to people and populations to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. ...

Zafer Plaza shopping centre
Zafer Plaza shopping centre

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 156 KB) Summary La piramide dello Zafer Plaza, un grosso centro commerciale di Bursa, Turchia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 156 KB) Summary La piramide dello Zafer Plaza, un grosso centro commerciale di Bursa, Turchia. ...

Education

Uludağ University is located in Bursa and is a prominent university in Turkey's Marmara Region. It was founded in 1975, first under the name Bursa Üniversity, then re-named Uludağ Üniversity in 1982. In the 2005-06 academic year, the university had a student body of 47,000. Uludag University (Turkish: UludaÄŸ Ãœniversitesi) is a university located in Bursa, Turkey. ... Marmara Region The Marmara Region (Turkish Marmara), with a surface area of 67. ...


Sports

Bursa has a professional soccer team, Bursaspor, that plays in the Turkcell Super League. They are known as the "Yeşil Timsahlar" ("Green Alligators") and play their home matches at Bursa Atatürk stadium. A local gaelic football team. ... Bursaspor (officially Bursaspor Kulübü) is a professional Turkish football (soccer) team based in Bursa. ... The Turkcell Super League (formerly National League, First Football League and First Super League respectively, Turkish: Turkcell Süper Lig) is the top-flight league in Turkish nationwide football, and the most popular sporting competition in the country. ... in 1930 , The problem about lacking of good stadium in Bursa was told the Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of Turkish Republic . ...


The city of Bursa is preparing to apply for the 2018 Winter Olympics to be held in Uludağ. [2] The 2018 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIII Olympic Winter Games, will be celebrated in 2018, and are an international winter sports athletic event that has yet to be organized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). ...


Places of Interest

Sarcophagus in Bursa Archaeology Museum
Sarcophagus in Bursa Archaeology Museum
Çelik Palas thermal bath in Bursa
Çelik Palas thermal bath in Bursa
The contiguous tombs of Karagöz and Hacivat in Bursa
The contiguous tombs of Karagöz and Hacivat in Bursa
View from Tophane
View from Tophane

A brief list of places of interest in and around Bursa is presented below. For a longer list, see Places of interest in Bursa. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Etruscan Sarcophagus of the Spouses, at the National Etruscan Museum. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Thermal bath has different meanings in various contexts. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Karagöz (a Turkish compound noun where kara means black and göz means eye) is a traditional Turkish character which roots back to the Ottoman Empire. ... Hacivat is a fictional character from Turkish Theatre of shadows. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution (1077 × 711 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution (1077 × 711 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... // Bursa Kalesi (Fortress) İznik Kalesi (Fortress) Kestel Kalesi (Fortress) Kite Kalesi (Fortress) Yer Kapı (Gate) Pınarbaşı Kapısı (Gate) Zindan Kapı (Gate) Kaplıcalar Kapısı (Gate) İstanbul Kapısı (Gate) Lefke Kapısı (Gate) Yenişehir Kapısı (Gate) Abdal Camii Ahmet Dai Camii Ahmet Paşa Fenari...

  • Irgandi covered bridge. See photo on "TrekEarth nadirfotograf"
  • Yeşil Cami or the Green mosque
  • Uludağ National Park
  • Bursa city walls
  • Hot springs;
    • Çekirge
    • Armutlu
    • Oylat
    • Gemlik
  • Beaches;
    • Armutlu
    • Kumla
    • Kurşunlu
  • Palace and Hipogeum
    • Orhan Mosque and complex
    • Muradiye complex
    • Yeşil complex
    • Bayezid I Mosque and complex (külliye)
    • Emir Sultan Mosque and complex (külliye)
    • Hüdavendigar complex
    • Koca Sinan Paşa complex
    • İshak Paşa complex
    • Bursa Grand Mosque
    • Karacabey Grand Mosque
  • Yıldırım Bazaar
  • Museums;
    • Bursa Archeology Museum
    • Bursa City Museum
    • Bursa Atatürk Museum
    • Bursa Turkish Architecture Museum
    • Islamic Works Museum
    • Mudanya Armistice
    • İznik Museum
  • Cumalıkızık village

Green Mosque Yeşil Cami (Green Mosque), also known as Mosque of Mehmed I is a part of the larger complex (a kulliya) located on the east side of Bursa, Turkey. ... Mount Uludağ Uludağ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, is a mountain in Bursa Province, Turkey, of altitude 2,543 m. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ... The Muradiye Complex or the Complex of Sultan Murat II, the Ottoman sultan who ruled 1421-1451, is located in the city of Bursa in Turkey. ... Green Mosque Yeşil Cami (Green Mosque), also known as Mosque of Mehmed I is a part of the larger complex (a kulliya) located on the east side of Bursa, Turkey. ... Bayzid I Mosque (Turkish; Yıldırım Camii or Yıldırım Bayezid Camii) is a historic mosque in Bursa, Turkey, that is part of the large complex (külliye) built by the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I (Yıldırım Bayezid - Bayezid the Thunderbolt) between 1391-1395. ... 1208-built (extended 1511) Külliye of Battal Gazi in Seyitgazi near Eskişehir is a blend of Seljuk and Ottoman styles Külliye, deriving from the Arabic word kûl (meaning the whole, all) is a term which designates a complex of buildings, centered around a mosque and managed... Emir Sultan Mosque (Turkish: ) is a mosque in Bursa, Turkey. ... 1208-built (extended 1511) Külliye of Battal Gazi in Seyitgazi near Eskişehir is a blend of Seljuk and Ottoman styles Külliye, deriving from the Arabic word kûl (meaning the whole, all) is a term which designates a complex of buildings, centered around a mosque and managed...

Ulu Camii (The Great Mosque)

Interior of Ulu Camii, showing the fountain (şadırvan) for ritual ablutions.
Interior of Ulu Camii, showing the fountain (şadırvan) for ritual ablutions.

Ulu Camii is the major mosque of Bursa and a landmark of early Ottoman architecture. It was built by Ali Neccar in 1396-1399, at Sultan Bayezid I's command. The mosque is large and rectangular, with twenty domes arranged in four rows of five supported by twelve columns. Supposedly twenty domes are built instead of twenty separate mosques that Sultan Bayezid I promised for winning the Battle of Nicopolis. It has two minarets. Inside the mosque there are 192 monumental wall inscriptions written by famous calligraphers. There is also a fountain (şadırvan) inside the mosque where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the şadırvan is capped by a skylight, creating a soft, serene light below. The story of the şadırvan inside the mosque, which is unheard of, that the land belong to an old lady who objected to her store taken by padişah. Because consent is not given for the piece of land, prayer cannot be conducted on it thus a şadırvan is built. Architecturally şadırvan helps to have light inside the mosque that is big. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ritual purification. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... // Bayezid I (Ottoman: بايزيد الأول, Turkish: Beyazıt, nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman: ییلدیرم), the Thunderbolt; 1354–1403) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389 to 1402. ... // Bayezid I (Ottoman: بايزيد الأول, Turkish: Beyazıt, nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman: ییلدیرم), the Thunderbolt; 1354–1403) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389 to 1402. ... // Belligerents Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Hungary, Holy Roman Empire, France, Wallachia, Poland, England, Kingdom of Scotland, Old Swiss Confederacy, Republic of Venice, Republic of Genoa, Knights of St. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The stylized signature (tughra) of Sultan Mahmud II of the Ottoman Empire was written in an expressive calligraphy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ritual purification. ...


The horizontally spacious and dimly lit interior is designed to feel peaceful and contemplative. The subdivisions of space formed by multiple domes and pillars create a sense of privacy and even intimacy. This atmosphere contrasts with later Ottoman mosques (see for example the work of Süleyman I's chief architect Sinan). These later mosques have increasingly elevated central domes, which create a vertical emphasis that is intended to be more overwhelming, in order to convey the power and majesty of the Ottoman Empire. It is a beautiful piece of architecture. Suleiman I (Ottoman Turkish: Sulaymān, Turkish: ; almost always Kanuni Sultan Süleyman) (November 6, 1494 – September 5/6, 1566), was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. ... For other uses, see Sinan (disambiguation). ...


Sister cities

Bursa has twenty sister cities. Vinnitsa is the latest to become a sister city of Bursa [3]. The date each sister city agreement entered into effect is shown in parentheses. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Vinnytsia, or Vinnytsya (Ukrainian Вінниця, Polish: Winnica) is a city in central Ukraine, located on the banks of Pivdennyi Buh River in 270 km far from the capital Kyiv. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Darmstadt (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Multan shown on a 1669 world map   (Urdu: ملتان) is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and capital of Multan District. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Location of Oulu in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Finland Province Oulu Province Region Northern Ostrobothnia Sub-region Oulu sub-region Charter 1605 Government  - City manager Matti Pennanen Area  - City 449. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Tiffin is a city in Seneca County, Ohio, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Kairouan (Arabic القيروان) (also known as Kairwan, Kayrawan, Al Qayrawan) is a muslim holy city which ranks after Mecca and Medina as a place of pilgrimage. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Location of Denizli Coordinates: , Country Region Province Denizli Government  - Mayor Nihat Zeybekçi (Justice and Development Party)  - Governor Dr. Hasan Canpolat Elevation 354 m (1,161 ft) Population [1]  - City 275,480  - Urban 400,719 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Postal code Area code(s... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Anshan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Ä€nshān; lit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Nickname: Motto: Bitolia, babam Bitolia Location of the city of Bitola (red) within the Republic of Macedonia Coordinates: , Government  - Mayor Vladimir Taleski Area  - City 422. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Ben-GÅ«ryōn Avenue in the centre of Herzliyyāh, facing north towards Sōkōlōv Street (1998) Herzliya (in Hebrew: הֶרְצְלִיָּה, without Niqqud: הרצלייה, commonly pronounced in Hebrew as Hertseliya) is a city in Israel, on the central coastal strip in the south of the Sharon region, just north... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... Ceadîr-Lunga (Gagauz: Çadır-Lunga) is a city in Gagauzia, Moldova. ... Anthem Gagauziya Milli Marşı Location of Gagauzia (purple) Capital (and largest city) Comrat Official languages Gagauz, Moldovan (Romanian), Russian Government  -  Governor Mihail Formuzal  -  Chairman of the Peoples Assembly Stepan Esir Autonomous region of Moldova  -  Created April 23, 1994  Area  -  Total 1,832 km²  707 sq mi  Population  -  19961 estimate... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Qyzylorda (formerly Kyzyl-Orda) is a city in Kazakhstan, capital of Qyzylorda Province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... Muaskar (formerly known by the anglicization Mascara) is a city and wilaya in Algeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Kulmbach is a town in Bavaria, capital of the district Kulmbach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Pleven (Bulgarian: Плевен , known as Plevna in English in some historical documents) is the seventh most populated town in Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia, with a population of 343,662. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Location of KoÅ¡ice in Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Slovakia Region KoÅ¡ice Region Districts KoÅ¡ice I-IV City parts First mentioned 1230 Government  - Type City Council  - Mayor FrantiÅ¡ek Knapík Area  - City 243. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Vinnytsia, or Vinnytsya (Ukrainian Вінниця, Polish: Winnica) is a city in central Ukraine, located on the banks of Pivdennyi Buh River in 270 km far from the capital Kyiv. ...

Notable residents

  • Adnan Şenses- singer
  • Ata Demirer- comedian
  • Behice Boran- the leader of the socialist Workers Party of Turkey
  • Burcu Kara- actress, model
  • Celal Bayar- former Turkish president
  • Emre Aşık- international footballer
  • Erdal Özyağcılar- actor
  • Erkan Can- actor
  • JönTürk- rap sanatçısı
  • Hamit Şare- olympic skier
  • Hande Ataizi- actress
  • Halil Ergün- actor
  • İlhan İrem- singer
  • Barikat- rap grubu
  • Manolis Andronikos (1919-1992) Greek archaeologist
  • Muazzez İlmiye Çığ- archaeologist
  • Nur Sürer- actress
  • Olgun Şimşek- actor
  • Özhan Canaydın- former basketball player, businessman and the current chairman of Galatasaray
  • Pınar Kür- author
  • Qādī Zāda al-Rūmī- astronomer and mathematician
  • Sabiha Gökçen- the first Turkish female aviator and the first female combat pilot in the world
  • Serdar Kurtuluş- international footballer
  • Sporus of Nicaea- Greek mathematician and astronomer
  • Suzan Avcı- actress
  • Tarık Tarcan- actor
  • Vildan Atasever- actress
  • Yıldırım Gürses- actor, composer
  • Zeki Müren- wellknown singer, "sun of art"

Ata Demirer (July 6, 1972) is a Turkish actor. ... Behice Boran was the leader of the socialist Workers Party of Turkey (TIP) from 1970 until her death in 1987; she was Turkeys first female political party leader. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Celal Bayar Mahmut Celal Bayar (May 16, 1883 - August 22, 1986) was a Turkish politician, statesman and the third President of Turkey. ... Emre Aşık (born December 13, 1973 in Bursa) is a Turkish football player. ... Erdal Özyağcılar (born 1948) is a Turkish actor who has appeared in films, on the stage, and on television. ... Hamit Şare, born on February 19, 1982 in Bursa, Turkey, is an Olympic skier competing in the alpine discipline. ... Manolis Andronikos (23 October 1919 – 30 March 1992) was a Greek archaeologist. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Özhan Canaydın is the current chairman of the Turkish sports club Galatasaray. ... For other uses of Galatasaray, see Galatasaray (disambiguation) Galatasaray Spor Kulübü (in English: Galatasaray Sports Club) or Galatasaray SK is a Turkish sports club based in Istanbul which is famous for its football section. ... (1364 in Bursa, Turkey – 1436 in Samarkand, Uzbekistan), whose actual name was Salah al-Din Musa Pasha ( means son of the judge), was an astronomer and mathematician who worked at the observatory in Samarkand. ... Sabiha Gökçen with Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Sabiha Gökçen (March 22, 1913, Bursa—March 22, 2001, Ankara) was the first Turkish female aviator and the first female combat pilot in the world. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... Serdar Kurtuluş (born 23 July 1987) is a Turkish footballer playing for the club Beşiktaş JK. He was born in Bursa. ... Sporus of Nicaea was a Greek mathematician and astronomer, born: circa 240, probably Nicaea (Greek Nikaia), ancient district Bithynia, (modern-day Iznik) in province Bursa, in modern day Turkey, died: circa 300. ... Vildan Atasever (26 July 1981, Bursa) is a Turkish actress and model. ... Zeki Müren (1931-1996) was a prominent Turkish actor, singer, and composer, by many regarded as even the best ever. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Türkiye istatistik kurumu Address-based population survey 2007. Retrieved on 2008-03-21.
  2. ^ Bursa 2018 Web Site
  3. ^ Bursa Metropolitan Municipality Web Site; Sister Cities.

See also

  • 1855 Bursa earthquake

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bursa
  • Uludağ University
  • All About Turkey
  • Bursa Metropolitan Municipality
  • Pictures of Bursa
  • Bursa Weather Forecast Information
  • (Turkish) Bursa - Orhangazi Business Guide
  • Pictures of Bursa
  • Turkey Handbook
  • (Turkish) Golyaka Village, Bursa
  • (Turkish) city sport portal, Bursa
Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Bursa is a province in western Turkey, along the Sea of Marmara. ... Marmara Region The Marmara Region (Turkish Marmara), with a surface area of 67. ... Gürsu is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... For other uses, see Nilüfer. ... The biggest county of Bursa city Turkey ... Districts of Bursa City Yıldırım is a metropolitan district in the centre of Bursa in Turkey. ... Image File history File links Turkey_marmara. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Büyükorhan is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Gemlik (Kios, Cius gr. ... Harmancık is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... İnegöl is a city in the Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Iznik tiles inside the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne İznik (which derives from the former Greek name Νίκαια, Nicaea) is a city in Turkey which is known primarily as the site of the First and Second Councils of Nicaea, the first and seventh Ecumenical councils in the early history of the Christian... Karacabey is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Keles is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Kestel is a probable site of Bronze Age tin mining in the Taurus Mountains in ancient Anatolia (now Turkey). ... MUDANYA(ancient Apamea Myrlea), a town of Turkey, on the south coast of the Sea of Marmora. ... Mustafakemalpaşa is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Orhaneli is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Orhangazi is a city and district in Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Yenişehir is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey. ... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... Aegean Region Aegean Region (Ege Bölgesi), is one of the 7 census-defined regions of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Afyon Afyonkarahisar (also called more simply Afyon) is a province in western Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Aydın Aydın is a province of Turkey, and its located in the southwestern Anatolian district, or more specifically in the Aegan region, in Turkish called Ege bölgesi. ... shows the Location of the Province Denizli Denizli is a province of Turkey in Western Anatolia. ... İzmir is a province of Turkey in western Anatolia on the Aegean coast. ... Kütahya is a city in western Turkey with 170,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), lying on the Porsuk river, at 930 metres above sea level. ... Manisa Province is a Province in western Turkey. ... Shows the Location of Muğla province Muğla province is in southwestern Turkey, along the Aegean Sea. ... Shows the Location of the Province Uşak Uşak (from Uşşak meaning lovers; alternative transliteration: Ushak) is a province in western Turkey. ... Black Sea Region // Black Sea Region Amasya Province Artvin Province Bartın Province Bayburt Province Bolu Province Çorum Province Düzce Province Giresun Province Gümüşhane Province Karabük Province Kastamonu Province Ordu Province Rize Province Samsun Province Sinop Province Tokat Province Trabzon Province Zonguldak Province Provinces of Turkey... shows the Location of the Province Amasya Amasya is a province of Turkey, situated in the Black Sea Region to the north of the country. ... Artvin (Armenian: Արդվին) is a province in Turkey, on the Black Sea coast in the north-eastern corner of the country, on the border with Georgia (country). ... shows the Location of the Province Bartin Bartin is a small province in northern Turkey on the Black Sea, surrounding the city of Bartin. ... Location of Bayburt Province Bayburt is a province of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Bolu Bolu is a province in north western Turkey, around the ancient city of Bolu. ... External links çankırı haberleri Categories: | ... shows the Location of the Province Düzce Düzce is a province in northwestern Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Giresun Giresun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ... Gumushane (Turkish Gümüşhane) is a province in north Turkey, bordering Bayburt to the East, Trabzon, to the North, Giresun and Erzincan to the west. ... Shows the Location of the Province Karabük Karabük is a province in north-central Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Kastamonu Kastamonu is one of the Provinces of Turkey, in the Black Sea Region, to the north of the country. ... Location of Ordu Province Ordu is a province of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. ... Location of Rize Province Rize is a province of Turkey and is located along the eastern part of the Black Sea coast. ... Shows the Location of the Province Samsun Samsun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast with a population of 1,209,137 (2000). ... Shows the Location of the Province Sinop Sinop is a province of Turkey, along the Black Sea. ... Shows the Location of the Province Tokat Tokat is a province in northern Turkey. ... Trabzon is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ... Shows the Location of the Province Zonguldak Zonguldak is a province along the western Black Sea coast region of Turkey. ... Central Anatolia Region Central Anatolia Region (İç Anadolu Bölgesi) // Central Anatolia Region Aksaray Province Ankara Province Çankırı Province Eskişehir Province Karaman Province Kayseri Province Kırıkkale Province Kırşehir Province Konya Province Nevşehir Province Niğde Province Sivas Province Yozgat Province The best contry is... Location of Aksaray Province Aksaray is a province in central Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ankara Ankara Province is a province located in central Turkey. ... Location of Çankırı Province Çankırı is a province of Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Eskişehir Eskişehir (literal meaning: old town) is a province in northwestern Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Karaman Karaman is a province of central Turkey. ... The Kayseri Province, in central Turkey, is an area that has been linked with mythological stories as well as important figures in Turkish history. ... Location of Kırıkkale Province Kırıkkale is a recently created province of Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Kırşehir Kırşehir Province is located in southern Turkey, forming part of the central Anatolian region. ... Shows the Location of the Province Konya Konya is a province of Turkey located in central Anatolia. ... Shows the Location of the Province Nevşehir Nevşehir is a province in central Turkey. ... Location of Niğde Province Niğde is a province in the Central Anatolian Region of Turkey. ... The province of Sivas (Kurdish: Sêwas) is located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolian region of Turkey; it is the second largest province in Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Yozgat Yozgat is a province in central Turkey. ... Eastern Anatolia Region Eastern Anatolia Region (Turkish: Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi) encompasses the eastern provinces of Turkey, and it is one of the 7 non-administrative sub-divisions used for census purposes. ... Location of Province Ağrı Ağrı (Armenian: Արարատի; Kurdish: Agirî [1]) is a province on the eastern borders of Turkey, bordering Iran to the east, Kars to the North, Erzurum to the Northeast, Muş and Bitlis to the Southeast, Van to the south, and Iğdır to the northeast. ... shows the Location of the Province Ardahan Ardahan is a province in the northwestern-most corner of Turkey, along part of the border with Georgia. ... Bingöl Province is a province of Turkey in Eastern Anatolia. ... shows the Location of the Province Bitlis Bitlis is a province of Turkey. ... Location of Elazığ Province Elazığ Province is a province of Turkey with its seat in the city of Elazığ. This province is also the source of the Euphrates river. ... Erzincan Province is a province on the Eastern region of Anatolia, and home to Erzincan, a city which was destroyed and rebuilt after a 7. ... shows the Location of the Province Erzurum Erzurum (or Erzerum, Arzen in antiquity, Karin in ancient Armenian, Theodosiupolis or Theodosiopolis during Byzantine rule) is one of the Provinces of Turkey, in the Eastern Anatolia Region, to the east of the country. ... Hakkâri is a province in the southeast corner of Turkey, located at the juncture of Iraq and Iran. ... shows the Location of the Province Iğdır Igdir is a province in eastern Turkey, located along the border with Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. ... Kars is a province of Turkey, and is located in the northeastern part of the country, next to the border with Armenia. ... Malatya Province is a province in Anatolia (Turkey). ... Shows the Location of the Province Muş Muş (alternative transliteration: Mush) is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Siirt is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. ... Tunceli (Zazaki: Dêsim, Kurdish: ) is a province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Van Van is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. ... Marmara Region The Marmara Region (Turkish Marmara), with a surface area of 67. ... shows the Location of the Province Balıkesir Balıkesir is a province in midwestern Turkey, having shorelines on both Marmara and the Aegean seas. ... Location of Bilecik Province Bilecik is a province in midwest Turkey, neighboring Bursa to the east, Kocaeli and Sakarya to the north, Bolu to the west, Eskişehir to the southeast and Kütahya to the south, spanning an area of 4,307 km². Population is 175,500 (1990). ... Bursa is a province in western Turkey, along the Sea of Marmara. ... shows the Location of the Province Canakkale Çanakkale is a province of Turkey, located in the northwestern part of the country. ... Location of Edirne Province Edirne is the westernmost province of Turkey, located in European Turkey (known in antiquity as Thrace) along the Greek border. ... Istanbul Province is a province located in north-west Turkey. ... shows the Location of the Province Kırklareli Kırklareli is a province of northwestern Turkey on the west coast of the Black Sea. ... Kocaeli is a province of Turkey. ... Sakarya is a province of Turkey and is located in the Marmara region. ... Tekirdağ province is in Trakya (Thrace), the northwestern part of Turkey. ... Yalova is a province in northwestern Turkey, along the Sea of Marmora. ... Mediterranean Sea Region Mediterranean Region (Akdeniz Bölgesi), // Mediterranean Region Adana Province Antalya Province Burdur Province Hatay Province Isparta Province Kahramanmaraş Province Mersin province Osmaniye Province Provinces of Turkey Category: ... Adana Province is a province with a surface area of 14. ... Antalya Province is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea. ... Categories: Provinces of Turkey | Turkey geography stubs ... Hatay is a province of southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast, with Syria to the south and east. ... Location of Isparta Province Isparta is a province in southwestern Turkey. ... Location of the Province Kahramanmaraş Kahramanmaraş (or simply Maraş) is a province of Turkey. ... Location of Mersin Province Mersin province is in southern Turkey, along the Mediterranean coast. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Southeastern Anatolia Region Southeastern Anatolia Region (Turkish: Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi) // Southeastern Anatolia Region Adıyaman Province Batman Province Diyarbakır Province Gaziantep Province Kilis Province Mardin Province Şanlıurfa Province Siirt Province Şırnak Province 85% of the population of the South-eastern Anatolia Region is Kurdish, a... Map showing the location of Adıyaman Province in the Kurdish region of Turkey Adıyaman is a province in south-central Turkey. ... Location of Batman Province Batman is a Turkish province in the predominantly Kurdish[1][2] southeast of Anatolia, with a population of slightly less than 500,000. ... shows the Location of the Province Diyarbakır Diyarbakır is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Gaziantep is a province in south-central Turkey. ... Location of Kilis Province Kilis is a province of Turkey located in the southern central part of the country along the Syrian border. ... Map showing the location of Mardin Province of Turkey Mardin Province is a province of Turkey with a population of 835,173 (2000)[1]. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin. ... Shows the Location of the Province Şanlıurfa Şanlıurfa (also called simply, Urfa) is a province in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. ... Şırnak is a Turkish province in the south east of Anatolia. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bursa, Turkey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (194 words)
Bursa (formerly known as Brusa or in Greek: Prusa, Προύσσα; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the capital of the Bursa Province in northwestern Turkey.
Bursa is the center of the Turkish automobile industry, where FIAT and Renault have located their factories.
The earliest known site at this location was Cius, which Philip V of Macedonia granted to the Bithynian king Prusias I in 202 BC, for his help against Pergamum and Heraclea Pontica (modern Karadeniz Eregli).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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