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Encyclopedia > Burnley
Burnley

Burnley shown within Lancashire
Population 73,021
OS grid reference SD836326
District Burnley
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURNLEY
Postcode district BB10-12
Dialling code 01282
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament Burnley
European Parliament North West England
List of places: UKEnglandLancashire

Coordinates: 53°47′23″N 2°14′54″W / 53.7896, -2.2482 In many cases Burnley means a town in Lancashire in England or something based on that town, such as Burnley, the town Burnley (borough) Burnley (UK Parliament constituency) Burnley Football Club Burnley Wood It can also mean Burnley, Victoria in Australia and the related Burnley railway station, Melbourne Benjamin Burnley... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 504 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 714 pixel, file size: 423 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Burnley is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire in North West England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The BB postcode area, also known as the Blackburn postcode area[1], is a group of postal districts around Accrington, Barnoldswick, Blackburn, Burnley, Clitheroe, Colne, Darwen, Nelson and Rossendale in England. ... +44 redirects here. ... Lancashire Constabulary is the police force responsible for policing the county of Lancashire in the North West of England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service is the county-wide, statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the Shire county of Lancashire, England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust was formed on 1 July 2006 as part of Health Minister Lord Warners plans to reduce the number of NHS ambulance service trusts operating in the United Kingdom to 12. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Burnley is a constituency based on the town of Burnley represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... North West England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of settlements in the ceremonial county of Lancashire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Burnley is a large town in the borough of Burnley in Lancashire, England, with a population of about 73,021. It lies 19 miles (30.4 km) east of Preston at the confluence of the River Calder and River Brun. Burnley is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire in North West England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about Preston, Lancashire. ... The River Calder is a major tributary of the River Ribble starting above Burnley in Lancashire. ... The River Brun is a river in eastern Lancashire. ...


It began life in the early medieval period as a small market town, but its main period of expansion came during the Industrial Revolution, when it became the world's largest producer of cotton cloth. Today, Burnley has lost much of its industry, and is increasingly a dormitory town for Manchester, Leeds and the M65 corridor.[1] The public sector is now the town's largest employer. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... This article or section should be merged with Bedroom community A dormitory town is generally a rural town where a large proportion of its population commute to nearby cities. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation). ... The M65 motorway is a major road in England. ...

Contents

History

15th-century Towneley Hall, seen from its gardens
Gawthorpe Hall, which is owned by the National Trust
Gawthorpe Hall, which is owned by the National Trust
The Weavers' Triangle, with the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in the foreground
Active Way, part of Burnley's inner ring road, with the historic mills of the Weavers' Triangle visible in the distance
Active Way, part of Burnley's inner ring road, with the historic mills of the Weavers' Triangle visible in the distance

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Towneley Park comprises of Towneley Hall, a large country house and its surrounding estate on the outskirts of Burnley, Lancashire, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gawthorpe1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gawthorpe1. ... Gawthorpe Hall Gawthorpe Hall Gawthorpe Hall Smaller than Chatsworth House or Tatton Park and situated in Padiham, Burnley, Lancashire, the National Trust describes Gawthorpe Hall as an Elizabethan gem in the heart of industrial Lancashire. ... Many countries have an organisation called The National Trust or something similar. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 390 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (417 × 640 pixel, file size: 42 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Author Chris Allen url http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 390 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (417 × 640 pixel, file size: 42 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Author Chris Allen url http://www. ... The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a canal in the north of England running from Liverpool, Merseyside to Leeds, West Yorkshire. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

Origins

Burnley's origins lie in prehistoric times, as indicated by the Stone Age flint tools and weapons that have been found on the moors around the town.[2] Local place names Padiham and Habergham show the influence of the Angles, suggesting that some had settled in the area by the early seventh-century,[3] but there is no definitive record of settlement until 1122, when a charter granted the church of Burnley to the monks of Pontefract Abbey.[4] In its early days, Burnley was a small farming community, gaining a corn mill in 1290, a market in 1294, and a fulling mill in 1296.[5] At this period, it lay within the manor of Ightenhill, one of five that made up the Honor of Clitheroe, then a far more significant settlement, and consisted of no more than 50 families.[6] Little survives of early Burnley – the name means ‘meadow by the River Brun’ [7] – apart from the Market Cross, erected in 1295, which now stands in the grounds of an annexe of Burnley College.[8] Stone Age fishing hook. ... Padiham is a small town (population of 8,998 according to the 2001 census), on the River Calder amid the hills of north-east Lancashire, England, situated approximately three miles to the west of Burnley and south of Pendle Hill. ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... Pontefract Castle in the early 17th Century Pontefract is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, near the A1 (or Great North Road), the M62 motorway, and Castleford. ... Gristmill with water wheel, Skyline Drive, VA, 1938 A gristmill is a building where grain is ground into flour. ... Fulling is a step in clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth (particularly wool) to get rid of oils, dirt, and other impurities. ... In medieval England, an honour could consist of a great lordship, comprised of dozens or hundreds of manors. ... Arms of Clitheroe Town Council Clitheroe is a small civil parish of the borough of Ribble Valley, Lancashire, England. ...


Over the next three centuries, Burnley grew in size to about 1,200 inhabitants by 1550, still centred around the church, St Peter’s, in what is now known as ‘Top o’ th’ Town’. Prosperous residents built larger houses, including Gawthorpe Hall and Towneley Hall, and in 1532 St Peter’s Church was largely rebuilt.[9] Burnley’s grammar school was founded in 1559, and moved into its own schoolhouse next to the church in 1602.[10] Burnley began to develop in this period into a small market town. It is known that weaving was established in the town by the middle of the seventeenth-century,[11] and in 1617 a new Market House was built. The town continued to be centred on St Peter’s Church until the market was moved to the bottom of what is today Manchester Road at the end of the eighteenth-century.[12] Gawthorpe Hall Gawthorpe Hall Gawthorpe Hall Smaller than Chatsworth House or Tatton Park and situated in Padiham, Burnley, Lancashire, the National Trust describes Gawthorpe Hall as an Elizabethan gem in the heart of industrial Lancashire. ... Towneley Park comprises of Towneley Hall, a large country house and its surrounding estate on the outskirts of Burnley, Lancashire, England. ... A grammar school is a school that may, depending on regional usage as exemplified below, provide either secondary education or, a much less common usage, primary education (also known as elementary). Grammar schools trace their origins back to medieval Europe, as schools in which university preparatory subjects, such as Latin... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ...


Industrial Revolution

In the second half of the eighteenth-century, the manufacture of cotton began to replace that of wool. Burnley’s earliest known factories – dating from the mid century – stood on the banks of the River Calder close to where it is joined by the River Brun, and relied on water power to drive the spinning machines, but by 1830 there were 32 steam engines in cotton mills throughout the rapidly expanding town.[13] By 1866, the town was the largest producer of cotton cloth in the world.[14] The eighteenth-century also saw the rapid development of coal mining: the drift mines and shallow bell-pits of earlier centuries were replaced by deeper shafts meeting industrial as well as domestic demand locally, and by 1800 there were over a dozen pits in the centre of the town alone.[15] The first turnpike road through Burnley was begun in 1754, linking the town to Blackburn and Colne, and by the early nineteenth-century there were daily stagecoach journeys to Blackburn, Skipton and Manchester, the last taking just over two hours.[16] For the transportation of goods in bulk, the Leeds and Liverpool Canal arrived in 1796, and in 1848 the East Lancashire Railway Company’s extension from Accrington linked the town to the nation’s nascent railway network for the first time.[17] By 1851, the town’s population had reached almost 21,000.[18] This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The River Calder is a major tributary of the River Ribble starting above Burnley in Lancashire. ... The River Brun is a river in eastern Lancashire. ... For the magazine of the same name, see Spinning Jenny (magazine). ... A stationary steam engine, preserved at Tower Bridge in London. ... Drift mining is a method of accessing valuable geological material, such as coal, by cutting into the side of the earth, rather than tunneling straight downwards (see shaft mine). ... A Bell Pit is a primitive method of mining coal where the coal lies near the surface on flat land. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... , Blackburn is a large town in Lancashire, England. ... Colne Colne is a town in east Lancashire, in the north-west of England, with a population of around 20,000. ... , Blackburn is a large town in Lancashire, England. ... Skipton is a town in North Yorkshire, England that lies along the River Aire and Leeds and Liverpool Canal. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a canal in the north of England running from Liverpool, Merseyside to Leeds, West Yorkshire. ... The East Lancashire Railway (ELR) was created by an Act of Parliament in 1846, as an amalgamation of two railway schemes. ...


Burnley became incorporated as a municipal borough in 1861, and became, under the Local Government Act 1888, a county borough outside the administrative county of Lancashire. But from a population of over 100,000 in 1911, the town's population has declined to today's figure,[19] mirroring the decline in its traditional industries of textiles, mining and engineering. Under the Local Government Act 1972 Burnley's county borough status was abolished, and it was incorporated with neighbouring areas into the non-metropolitan district of Burnley. A borough is a political division originally used in England. ... The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... Burnley is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire in North West England. ...


Today

Burnley has lost significant portions of its traditional manufacturing base over the past twenty years. In June 2001, the town received national attention following a series of violent disturbances arising from racial tension between elements of its white and immigrant communities.[20]


Governance

Burnley has three tiers of government, Burnley Borough Council and Lancashire County Council ("local"), the United Kingdom parliament ("national") and the European Parliament ("Europe"). While the town itself is unparished, the rest of the borough has one further, bottom tier of government, the parish or town council.[21] Burnley is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire in North West England. ... Lancashire County Council is the local authority for the county of Lancashire, England. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin MP Lord Speaker Hélène Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... Main articles: Local government in the United Kingdom, Parish and Civil parish In England parish councils were formed in 1894 to take over local oversight of social welfare and civic duties in towns and villages. ...


Local

Composition of Burnley Borough Council (as of May 2007)
Party Group Leader Seats Change (on 2006)
Liberal Democrat Gordon Birtwistle 18 +1
Labour Andrew Tatchell 17 +1
Conservative Peter Doyle 6 +1
British National Party Sharon Wilkinson 4 -3
Total Seats 45

Burnley Borough Council has been governed since 2005 by a Liberal DemocratConservative coalition, led by Gordon Birtwistle (Liberal Democrat). The mayor – a ceremonial post, which rotates annually – is currently Peter McCann (Liberal Democrat). The borough comprises 15 wards, 12 of which – Bank Hall, Briercliffe, Brunshaw, Coal Clough with Deerplay, Daneshouse with Stoneyholme, Gannow, Lanehead, Queensgate, Rosegrove with Lowerhouse, Rosehill with Burnley Wood, Trinity, and Whittlefield with Ightenhill – fall within the town itself.[22] Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The British National Party (BNP) is a white nationalist political party in the United Kingdom. ... Burnley is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire in North West England. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... A ward in the United Kingdom is an electoral district represented by one or more councillors. ...


Lancashire County Council has been governed since 1994 by Labour. The town is represented on the council in 6 divisions: Burnley Central East, Burnley Central West, Burnley North East, Burnley Rural, Burnley South West, and Padiham & Burnley West.[23] Lancashire County Council is the local authority for the county of Lancashire, England. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... A County constituency is a constituency in the United Kingdom that covers a predominantly rural area. ...


National

The Member of Parliament for Burnley since 2005 has been Kitty Ussher (Labour), who is currently Economic Secretary to the Treasury.[24] Burnley is a constituency based on the town of Burnley represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that Marginal constituencies in the United Kingdom be merged into this article or section. ... Kitty Ussher (born 18 March 1971, Aylesbury) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about various offices in the government of the United Kingdom. ...


Europe

Burnley lies within the North West England European Parliament constituency, which elects 9 MEPs by proportional representation - currently 3 Conservative, 3 Labour, 2 Liberal Democrat and 1 UKIP.[25] North West England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom Independence Party (commonly known as UKIP, pronounced //) is a British political party. ...


Geography

The River Brun as it flows through Burnley
The lake and picnic site at Rowley Hall on a chilly January afternoon
Climate chart for Burnley
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
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51
 
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61
 
9
2
 
 
51
 
11
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61
 
15
7
 
 
66
 
18
10
 
 
66
 
19
12
 
 
79
 
19
12
 
 
74
 
17
10
 
 
76
 
13
7
 
 
79
 
9
3
 
 
79
 
7
2
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: www.weather.com

The town lies in a natural three-forked valley at the confluence of the River Brun and River Calder, surrounded by open fields which evolve into wild moorland at higher altitudes. There are several large parks in the town, including Towneley Park, once the deer park for the 15th-century Towneley Hall, and three winners of the Green Flag Award, including Queens Park, which hosts a summer season of brass band concerts each year, and Thompson Park, which boasts a boating lake and miniature railway.[26] The landmark RIBA-award winning Panopticon Singing Ringing Tree, overlooking the town from the hills at Crown Point, was installed in 2006.[27] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The River Brun is a river in eastern Lancashire. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Fljótsdalur in East Iceland, a rather flat valley In geology, a valley (also called a vale or dale) is a depression with predominant extent in one direction. ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The River Brun is a river in eastern Lancashire. ... The River Calder is a major tributary of the River Ribble starting above Burnley in Lancashire. ... Towneley Park comprises of Towneley Hall, a large country house and its surrounding estate on the outskirts of Burnley, Lancashire, England. ... Deer Park is the name of some places in the United States of America: Deer Park, Illinois Deer Park, Maryland Deer Park, New York Deer Park, Texas Deer Park, Washington Deer Park is also a neighbourhood in Toronto, site of Upper Canada College. ... A brass band a musical group consisting mostly or entirely of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Riba is the (Arabic: ربا ) term for intrest, the charging of which is forbidden by the Quran here, among other places: And that which you give in gift (loan) (to others), in order that it may increase (your wealth by expecting to get a better one in return) from other... Panopticons is an arts and regeneration project of East Lancashire Environmental Arts Network. ...


To the west of Burnley lie the towns of Padiham, Accrington and Blackburn, with Nelson and Colne to the north. To the north west of the town lies the imposing and visually dramatic Pendle Hill, home of the Pendle Witches, whose summit stands 557m (1827ft) above sea level. To the east of the town lie the hills of the South Pennines, and to the south, the Forest of Rossendale. Padiham is a small town (population of 8,998 according to the 2001 census), on the River Calder amid the hills of north-east Lancashire, England, situated approximately three miles to the west of Burnley and south of Pendle Hill. ... , Accrington is a small former mill town in Lancashire, England; situated in the North West. ... , Blackburn is a large town in Lancashire, England. ... Location within the British Isles Nelson is a town in Lancashire in north-west England with a population of around 30,000. ... Colne Colne is a town in east Lancashire, in the north-west of England, with a population of around 20,000. ... Pendle Hill (summit 557 m above mean sea level) is located in the north-east of Lancashire, England, near the towns of Burnley, Colne, Nelson and Clitheroe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Typical South Pennines scenery: moors, pylons and a reservoir The South Pennines are a region of moorland and hill country in the North of England. ... The Rossendale Valley is part of the Forest of Rossendale, an upland area of North West England, principally in Lancashire. ...


The Pennine Way passes six miles east of Burnley; the Mary Towneley Loop, part of the Pennine Bridleway, and the Burnley Way offer riders and walkers clearly-signed routes through the countryside immediately surrounding the town. The Pennine Way is a long-distance footpath in England. ... The Mary Towneley Loop, is a 47 mile (68 km) circular route which forms part of the Pennine Bridleway National Trail, along the borders of Lancashire and Yorkshire. ... The Pennine Bridleway is a new National Trail under designation in Northern England. ...


The Leeds and Liverpool Canal passes through the town on a 60ft high embankment known as the 'Straight Mile', built between 1796 and 1801 to avoid the need for locks, and today regarded as one of the seven wonders of the British waterways.[28] The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a canal in the north of England running from Liverpool, Merseyside to Leeds, West Yorkshire. ...


Demography

Year Population[29]
1911 106,322
1921 103,157
1931 98,258
1939 85,400
1951 84,987
1961 80,559
1971 76,489
2001 73,021

The United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Burnley of 73,021. The town is the main population centre in the Burnley-Nelson urban area, which has an estimated population of 149,796; for comparison purposes, this is approximately the same size as Huddersfield, Oxford or Poole.[30] UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... , Huddersfield is a large town within the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England, near the confluence of the River Colne and the River Holme. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination, situated on the shores of the English Channel, in the ceremonial county of Dorset in southern England. ...


The racial composition of the borough is 91.77% White and 7.16% Asian or Asian British. The largest religious groups are Christian (74.46%) and Muslim (6.58%). 59.02% of adults between the ages of 16 and 74 are classed as economically active and in work.[31]


Transport

Road

The summit of the A682 south of Burnley, looking down into the town
The summit of the A682 south of Burnley, looking down into the town

Burnley is served by Junctions 9, 10 and 11 of the M65 motorway, which runs west to Accrington, Blackburn and Preston, and northeast to Nelson and Colne. From the town centre, the A646 runs to Todmorden, the A679 to Accrington, the A671 to Clitheroe, and the A682 – Britain's most dangerous road[32] – south to Rawtenstall and northeast to Nelson and the Yorkshire Dales. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The M65 motorway is a major road in England. ... , Accrington is a small former mill town in Lancashire, England; situated in the North West. ... , Blackburn is a large town in Lancashire, England. ... This article is about Preston, Lancashire. ... Location within the British Isles Nelson is a town in Lancashire in north-west England with a population of around 30,000. ... Colne Colne is a town in east Lancashire, in the north-west of England, with a population of around 20,000. ... , Todmorden is a town and civil parish,[1] within the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. ... , Accrington is a small former mill town in Lancashire, England; situated in the North West. ... Arms of Clitheroe Town Council Clitheroe is a small civil parish of the borough of Ribble Valley, Lancashire, England. ... , Rawtenstall is a town of industrial origin located at the centre of the Rossendale Valley, Lancashire. ... Location within the British Isles Nelson is a town in Lancashire in north-west England with a population of around 30,000. ... The Yorkshire Dales (also known as the Dales) is the name given to an upland area, in Northern England. ...

Rail

Rail services to and from Burnley are provided by Northern Rail. The town has three railway stations, Burnley Manchester Road, Burnley Central and, on the western outskirts of the town centre, Burnley Barracks. (A fourth station, Rose Grove, serves the Rose Grove district west of Burnley.) Manchester Road station has an hourly semi-fast service west to Preston and Blackpool North and east to Leeds and York, whilst the Central and Barracks stations provide an hourly stopping service west to Blackpool South and Preston, and east to Nelson and Colne. Northern Rail is a train operating company that has operated local services in the north of England since 2004. ... The town of Burnley has three railway stations. ... Burnley Central railway station is a station on the Colne to Burnley line in Lancashire. ... Burnley Barracks railway station is a station on the Colne to Burnley line in Lancashire. ... Rose Grove railway station Serves the western area of Burnley and is the juction From the Caldervale Line and East Lancashire Line. ... Preston Railway Station in Preston, Lancashire is on the West Coast Main Line. ... Blackpool North railway station is the terminus of the Blackpool branch line from Preston. ... Leeds railway station (sometimes still known by its former name of Leeds City) is the mainline railway station serving the city of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. ... The approach to York station and the Royal York hotel York railway station is a main-line railway station in the historic city of York. ... Blackpool South Railway Station is a single platform stop at the end of the Fylde coast branch line from Kirkham And Wesham. ... Nelson railway station serves the town of Nelson in Lancashire, and is situated on the East Lancashire Line 3 km (2 miles) away from the terminus at Colne. ... The Lancashire mill town of Colne is situated in the Pendle hills. ...


Bus and coach

Burnley Bus Station
Burnley Bus Station

The main bus operator in Burnley is Burnley & Pendle, although Northern Blue operate some local and coastal services and Tyrer Bus operate some tendered town services. Other services are provided by Coastlinks Express (X27 to Southport), First (589 to Rochdale, 592 to Halifax, West Yorkshire), Lancashire United (152 to Preston), Pennine (215 to Skipton), and Rossendale Transport (483 to Bury). National Express operates three coach services to London each day, and one to Birmingham. Image File history File links Burnley_bus_station. ... Image File history File links Burnley_bus_station. ... Burnley & Pendle is a bus operator running within the boroughs of Burnley and Pendle, and into the surrounding areas including Accrington, Keighley and the high profile express service to Manchester, the X43/X44, branded as The Witch Way, using specially branded double deckers with leather seats. ... Northern Blue (NBL) is an independent bus operator running from a depot in Plumbe Street, Burnley. ... For other uses, see Southport (disambiguation). ... FirstGroup plc (LSE: FGP) is a Scottish transport company operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland and North America, with headquarters in Aberdeen. ... For other uses, see Rochdale (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Halifax. ... This article is about the current Transdev subsidiary. ... This article is about Preston, Lancashire. ... Skipton is a town in North Yorkshire, England that lies along the River Aire and Leeds and Liverpool Canal. ... Rossendale Transport (RT) is an independent bus operator running within the Borough of Rossendale (including the towns of Rawtenstall, Bacup and Haslingden) and into the surrounding area, including Rochdale, Bury, Burnley, Accrington and Blackburn. ... This article is about the town of Bury in North West England. ... National Express coach on route 561 National Express is the brand under which the majority of long distance bus and coach services in the United Kingdom are marketed, and also the company that manages this network and operates some of the services. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ...


The town has good bus links into Manchester, compensating for the lack of a direct rail link: the X43/X44 Witch Way service (operated by Burnley & Pendle) runs from Nelson to Manchester, via Burnley and Rawtenstall, using a fleet of specially-branded double-decker buses with leather seats. The fastest journeys take 59 minutes. This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Location within the British Isles Nelson is a town in Lancashire in north-west England with a population of around 30,000. ... , Rawtenstall is a town of industrial origin located at the centre of the Rossendale Valley, Lancashire. ...


The town's futuristic bus station, made out of steel and glass, won the UK Bus Award for Infrastructure in 2003.[33]


Economy and Industry

St James Street
St James Street

Burnley's traditional employment base has been in decline for several decades. The last deep coal mine, Hapton Valley Colliery, closed in February 1981 and the last steam-powered mill, Queen Street Mill, in 1982. Over the next two decades, Burnley's two largest manufacturers both closed their factories: Prestige in July 1997 and Michelin in April 2002.[34][35] The town has struggled to recover: its employment growth between 1995 and 2004 placed it 55th of England's 56 largest towns and cities.[36] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ...


The largest employment sector in the town is now public administration, education and health (31.2%), followed by manufacturing (21.9%).[37] Key manufacturing employers today are in highly specialised fields: Gardner Aerospace and Unison Engine Components (aerospace components) and TRW Automotive (automotive components).[38] In 2004, the Lancashire Digital Technology Centre was established on land formerly occupied by the now-closed Michelin factory to provide support and incubation space for start-up technology companies. Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ...


The town's main shopping street is St James Street, onto which Charter Walk shopping centre opens. The town centre is home to a good number of major high street multiples, including Marks and Spencer, Next and W H Smith, and a healthy mix of other shops, including specialist food shops, independent record shops and an independent bookshop. A large council-run market is open six days a week. On the edge of the town centre, three retail parks house big box stores, including Currys, Focus DIY and PC World; there are also a number of mill shops. A second town centre shopping centre, 'The Oval', housing 32 further units, is scheduled for construction in 2008-2010, but has yet to secure the anchor tenant needed for the project to proceed.[39] For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... Marks and Spencer plc (known also as M&S and sometimes colloquially as Marks and Sparks) is the largest retailer in the United Kingdom by sales. ... Next on Oxford Street Next PLC is a British clothes retailer, with its headquarters in Enderby, Leicestershire, England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A retail park is a grouping of three or more retail warehouses with associated car parking. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Currys is an electrical retailer in the UK and Republic of Ireland, and is owned by DSG International plc. ... Focus DIY is a privately owned chain of DIY stores in the UK. It serves the light DIY market sector, and most stores have some form of garden centre. ... PC World is one of Britains largest chain of mass-market computer superstores. ... An outlet store or factory outlet is a retail store in which manufacturers sell their irregular, surplus or old-fashion stock directly to the public. ...


Sport

Burnley Football Club was founded in 1882, and have played their home matches at Turf Moor since 1883. They were one of the 12 founder members of the Football League in 1888, and are now one of only four clubs to have held continuous membership of that league. Nicknamed the Clarets, in 2007-08 they play in the Championship. Other football clubs in the town include Burnley United and Burnley Belvedere, members of the West Lancashire Football League. Burnley Football Club, nicknamed The Clarets, is a professional football club based in Burnley, in east Lancashire, England. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Turf Moor is the home ground of English football club Burnley F. C., located in Burnley, Lancashire. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Football League is an organisation representing 72 professional football clubs in England and Wales, and runs the oldest professional football league competition in the world. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Football League Championship (often referred to as The Championship for short, the Coca-Cola Football League Championship for sponsorship reasons) is the highest division of The Football League and second-highest division overall in the English football league system after the Premier League. ... Burnley United F.C. are a football club based in Burnley in Lancashire. ... Official logo of league The West Lancashire Football League is a football competition based in northern England. ...


There are two members of the Lancashire Cricket League in the town. Burnley Cricket Club – the 2006 champions – play their home matches at Turf Moor, on a field next to the football ground, while Lowerhouse Cricket Club play at Liverpool Road. The Lancashire League is a competitive league of local cricket clubs drawn from the small to middle-sized mill towns, mainly but not exclusively, of East Lancashire. ... Burnley Cricket Club, based at Turf Moor in Burnley, Lancashire, are a cricket club in the Lancashire League, who will play in the senior league in the 2006 season. ... Lowerhouse Cricket Club is a cricket club in the Lancashire League, which plays its home games at Liverpool Road in Burnley. ...


Burnley has good sporting facilities for a town of its size. The new £29m St Peter's Centre offers swimming, squash courts and a fitness suite, while the nearby Spirit of Sport complex includes a large sports hall, and several indoor courts and synthetic pitches.[40] For golfers, there is a municipal 9-hole golf course at Towneley Park, which also houses an 18-hole pitch and putt course. (Burnley Golf Club also welcomes visiting players.) There are tennis courts at Towneley Park, as well as at the Burnley Lawn Tennis Club, and eleven bowling greens around the town,[41] and a £235,000 skate park opened in Queens Park in 2003. There are also caving and judo clubs in the town. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Squash racquet and ball Players in a glass-backed squash court International Squash Singles Court, as specified by the World Squash Federation Squash is an indoor racquet sport that was formerly called Squash racquets, a reference to the squashable soft ball used in the game (compared with the harder ball... Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ... This article is about the sport of golf. ... Towneley Park comprises of Towneley Hall, a large country house and its surrounding estate on the outskirts of Burnley, Lancashire, England. ... Pitch and putt is a short form of golf played by people of all ages. ... A tennis courts dimension A tennis court is where a game of tennis is played. ... Swifts Creek Bowls Club Bowls (also known as Lawn Bowls or Lawn Bowling) is a precision sport in which the goal is to roll slightly radially asymmetrical balls (called bowls) closer to a smaller white ball (the jack or kitty) than ones opponent is able to do. ... A skate park is a recreational area where skateboarders, inline skaters, and bicyclists can perform tricks. ...


Culture and Nightlife

Queen Street Mill Textile Museum

Burnley is well-served for a town of its size. There is a 9-screen multiplex cinema in the town centre, operated by Apollo Cinemas, and a theatre called the Mechanics Institute, which plays host to touring comedians and musical acts, as well as staging amateur dramatics. A second performance space, the purpose-built £1.5m Burnley Youth Theatre, opened nearby in 2005. For art lovers, there is a small contemporary visual arts gallery, the Mid-Pennine Gallery, and - on the outskirts of Burnley - larger galleries in the town's two stately homes, Towneley Hall and Gawthorpe Hall. There are also two local museums: the town's Historical Society operates the Museum of Local History in the historic surroundings of the Weavers' Triangle, while the Queen Street Mill Textile Museum celebrates Burnley's weaving past. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 397 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (424 × 640 pixel, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)author Chris Allen url http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 397 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (424 × 640 pixel, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)author Chris Allen url http://www. ... A typical AMC Theatres multiplex. ... Apollo Cinemas are a British cinema company, owning cinemas across the UK. The company has cinemas in the following towns/ cities: Barrow-in-Furness Burnley Fareham Leamington Spa Morecambe Port Talbot Rhyl Stafford Stroud Torbay West End of London Additionally, cinemas in Redditch and Altrincham are opening soon. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Towneley Park comprises of Towneley Hall, a large country house and its surrounding estate on the outskirts of Burnley, Lancashire, England. ... Gawthorpe Hall Gawthorpe Hall Gawthorpe Hall Smaller than Chatsworth House or Tatton Park and situated in Padiham, Burnley, Lancashire, the National Trust describes Gawthorpe Hall as an Elizabethan gem in the heart of industrial Lancashire. ...


Once a year, Burnley hosts the two-day Burnley National Blues Festival, one of the largest Blues festivals in the country, drawing fans from all over Britain to venues spread across the town. In the 1970s, it was also an important venue for Northern Soul;[42] several local pubs still hold regular Northern Soul nights. In recent years, the town has also hosted an annual balloon festival in the setting of Towneley Park. Blues music redirects here. ... The Verve see A Northern Soul This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Burnley Balloon Festival is a balloon festival held in Towneley Park,Burnley. ... Towneley Park comprises of Towneley Hall, a large country house and its surrounding estate on the outskirts of Burnley, Lancashire, England. ...


Burnley has a lively nightlife, drawing clubbers from all over the north-west. The town is dominated by the club Lava Ignite; other major bars and nightclubs include Fusion (electro, retro, ghetto, house and techno), Calamity Jane's (cowboy-themed), Smackwater Jacks, Isabar, Posh, The Hellbound Rockclub @ Graffiti Club and Sanctuary Rock Bar. Burnley has a small gay scene, centred on the Garden Bar in St James Street. There are also chain-owned bars, such as Wetherspoons and Walkabout. For other uses, see Cowboy (disambiguation). ... The Moon Under Water in Hounslow J. D. Wetherspoon plc (LSE: JDW) (commonly referred to as Wetherspoons or spoons) is a British pub chain founded by Tim Martin. ... Walkabout (or sometimes The Walkabout) is a chain of Australian themed bars operating in the UK. The brand is owned by Regent Inns. ...


The local brewery, Moorhouse's, was founded in 1865, and currently operates six pubs in the area, while more Bénédictine is drunk in one local working men's club, the Burnley Miners Club, than anywhere else in the world, after a local regiment stationed in Normandy during World War I brought back a taste for the drink.[43]   Moorhouses is an independent brewery founded in 1865 by William Moorhouse in Burnley in Lancashire, England as a producer of mineral waters and low alcohol beers known as hop bitters. ... Bénédictine is a brandy-based herbal liqueur beverage produced in France. ... Working Mens clubs are a formally organized type of private social club (Also see C&IU). ... For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Media

Local radio for Burnley and its surrounding area is provided by 2BR and BBC Radio Lancashire. There are two local newspapers: the Burnley Express, published on Tuesdays and Fridays, and the daily Lancashire Telegraph, which publishes a local edition for Burnley and Pendle. 2BR is a United Kingdom radio station that covers the area of Burnley, Pendle (Two Boroughs Radio) and unintentionally Hyndburn (Soon after launch the news and sport was expanded to cover this third borough). ... BBC Radio Lancashire is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Lancashire. ... The Burnley Express is a community newspaper for the town of Burnley, England and its local area, the paper is printed twice a week (Tuesdays and Fridays) with the friday paper being larger. ... The Lancashire Telegraph is a local tabloid newspaper distributed in Blackburn and East Lancashire. ... Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England, on the North Yorkshire and West Yorkshire borders. ...

Police Station & Magistrates Court
Police Station & Magistrates Court

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 417 pixel Image in higher resolution (1229 × 641 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Burnley Police Head Quarters, Burnley, Lancashire. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 417 pixel Image in higher resolution (1229 × 641 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Burnley Police Head Quarters, Burnley, Lancashire. ...

Filmography

Parts of the film Whistle Down the Wind (1961) and the television series All Quiet on the Preston Front and Juliet Bravo were filmed in the town. (For example, Burnley Fire Station was the location of Social Services in the first series of Juliet Bravo, and town's library was used for exterior shots of the Magistrates Court in the same series.) Whistle Down the Wind is a 1961 British film, directed by Bryan Forbes, screenplay by Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall, from the novel by Mary Hayley Bell. ... All Quiet On The Preston Front was a BBC comedy drama about a group of friends in the fictional Lancashire town of Roker Bridge, and their links to the local Territorial Army Unit. ... Juliet Bravo was a British television series which ran between 1980 and 1985. ...


Education

A grammar school for boys was first founded in St Peter's Church in 1559, its first headmaster a former chantry priest, Gilbert Fairbank. In 1602, one of the governors, John Towneley, paid for a new schoolhouse to be built in the churchyard;[44] the school moved again in 1876 to a new building on Bank Parade, which can still be seen today.[45] (The equivalent school for girls, Burnley Girls' High School, was established in 1909 on a site in Ormerod Road.[46]) The borough moved to comprehensive education in 1981,[47] and today has five 11-16 secondary schools: A grammar school is a school that may, depending on regional usage as exemplified below, provide either secondary education or, a much less common usage, primary education (also known as elementary). Grammar schools trace their origins back to medieval Europe, as schools in which university preparatory subjects, such as Latin... Chantry is a term for the English establishment of a shrine or chapel on private land where monks or priests would say (or chant) prayers on a fixed schedule, usually for someone who had died. ... A comprehensive school is a secondary school that does not select children on the basis of academic attainment or aptitude. ...

  • Blessed Trinity RC College
  • Hameldon Community College
  • Shuttleworth College
  • Sir John Thursby Community College
  • Unity College

These opened in September 2006 as part of the first wave of a nationwide 10-15 year programme of capital investment funded by the Department for Education and Skills called Building Schools for the Future. The schools currently occupy the buildings of Burnley's seven previous secondary schools; over the next four years all are to be completely rebuilt. Burnley Schools' Sixth Form, which forms a sixth element of the BSF programme, offers sixth form provision on the site of the former Barden High School. Blessed Trinity RC College is a mixed 11-16 comprehensive school in Burnley, Lancashire, with specialist status in Humanities and Sport. ... Hameldon Community College is a mixed 11-16 comprehensive school in Burnley, Lancashire, with specialist status in Business & Enterprise and Science. ... Shuttleworth College is a mixed 11-16 comprehensive school in Burnley, Lancashire. ... Sir John Thursby Community College is a mixed 11-16 comprehensive school in Burnley, Lancashire. ... Unity College is a mixed 11-16 comprehensive school in Burnley, Lancashire, with specialist status in the Arts. ... The Department for Education and Skills is a department in the United Kingdom government created in 2001. ... Burnley Schools Sixth Form is a mixed 16-19 sixth form college in Burnley, Lancashire. ...


Burnley College is the borough's main tertiary education provider, offering vocational and professional training, adult education, and a small number of degree courses, as well as some GCSE courses and a full range of A levels. It is scheduled to move to a new £70million campus off Princess Way in September 2009. Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution. ... Vocational education prepares learners for certain careers or professions, which are traditionally non-academic and directly related to a trade, occupation or vocation in which the learner participates. ... Libraries are useful resources for adult learners. ... It has been suggested that Professional degree be merged into this article or section. ... GCSE is an acronym that can refer to: General Certificate of Secondary Education global common subexpression elimination - an optimisation technique used by some compilers This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The A-level, short for Advanced Level, is a General Certificate of Education qualification in the United Kingdom, usually taken by students during the optional final two years of secondary school (Years 12 & 13, commonly called the Sixth Form), or at a separate sixth form college or further education college...


Attainment

The town's educational attainment is below the national average at all levels. In 2006, 76% of children at the end of Key Stage 2 achieved at least Level 4 in English (national average 79%), and 73% in Mathematics (national average 76%).[48] At the end of Key Stage 3, the figures achieving at least Level 5 were 66% in English (national average 73%), and 70% in Mathematics (national average 77%).[49] 44.5% of students at the end of Key Stage 4 achieved at least 5 A*-C grades at GCSE (national average 59.2%).[50] Key Stage 2 is the legal term for the four years of schooling in maintained schools in England and Wales normally known as Year 3, Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6, when pupils are aged between 7 and 11. ... Key Stage 3 sets the educational knowledge expected of a child aged between 11-14 in the United Kingdom National Curriculum Key stage 3 strategy and development of pupils mathematical language It is debatable whether the faculty of mathematics is an independent one. ... Key Stage 4 is the legal term for the last two years of compulsory schooling in maintained schools in England and Wales normally known as Year 10 and Year 11, when pupils are aged between 14 and 16. ...


Twin Towns

Burnley is twinned with:

  • Flag of France Vitry-sur-Seine (since 1958)
  • Flag of Pakistan Jhelum (since 2007) — unofficial[51]

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Vitry-sur-Seine is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mosque in Jhelum Cantt Jhelum or Jehlum (Urdu: جہلم) is a city in northern Punjab Province in Pakistan. ...

People

Entertainment

Probably the best-known Burnley figure in the field of entertainment is actor and gay rights activist Sir Ian McKellen,[52] who was born in the town in 1939. Other actors born in the town include Julia Haworth[53] (Coronation Street), Richard Moore[54] and Lisa Riley[55] (Emmerdale), Alice Barry[56] and Jody Latham[57] (Shameless), and film actor Lee Ingleby.[58] Paul Abbott,[59] creator of Shameless, is another native of the town. Within the television industry, producer and executive Peter Salmon[60] and Tony Livesey,[citation needed] Sport Editor on BBC1's North West Tonight and presenter of the breakfast show on BBC Radio Lancashire, were both born in Burnley. Sir Ian McKellen takes a day out at Universal Studios, Hollywood, April 2000. ... Julia Louise Haworth, born 27 July 1979 in Burnley, Lancashire, is an English actress best known as Claire Peacock on ITV1s Coronation Street, a role she has played since 2003. ... Coronation Street is an award-winning British soap opera. ... Richard Moore is an English actor known for playing Jarvis Skelton on ITVs Emmerdale from 2002-2005. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the 1994 debut album by The Cardigans, see Emmerdale (album). ... Alice Barry is a British actress. ... Jody Lee Latham (born 1 January 1982) is a British actor best known for playing Phillip Lip Gallagher on the Channel 4 comedic drama Shameless. ... Shameless is an offbeat British comedy drama television series set in the fictional Chatsworth Estate in Manchester, England. ... Lee Ingleby (born January 28, 1976 in Burnley, England) is a British actor. ... Paul Abbott (born February 22, 1960 in Burnley, Lancashire) is an English television scriptwriter, who has worked on many popular series, including Coronation Street, Cracker and Shameless, the latter of which he created. ... Peter Salmon (born 1956 in Burnley, Lancashire, UK) is a British television producer and executive. ... Tony Livesey is editor of the Daily Sport newspaper, in the United Kingdom. ... BBC One (or BBC1 as it was formerly styled) is the oldest United Kingdom, and indeed, the world. ... BBC North West Tonight is the BBCs regional evening television news programme for the north west England region, which is comprised of Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Lancashire, and Cheshire. ... BBC Radio Lancashire is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Lancashire. ...


Musicians born in the town include Danbert Nobacon, Alice Nutter, Lou Watts and Boff Whalley (Chumbawamba),[61] as well as classical composer John Pickard.[62] Danbert Nobacon pictured playing live at Leeds University, 1986, supporting Conflict Danbert Nobacon, real name Nigel Hunter, was vocalist and keyboard player of the Leeds based anarchist band Chumbawamba. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Lou Watts is an Essex-born member of British anarchist band, Chumbawamba. ... Boff Whalley (b. ... Chumbawamba are an English band who started out playing punk rock but over a 25-year career have gone on to play music in a wide range of styles, including pop influenced by dance music and world music, and now play acoustic folk music. ... John Pickard (11 September, 1963 - ) is a British classical composer. ...


The nineteenth-century author and clergyman Silas Hocking[63] wrote his most famous work, Her Benny (1879), while living in the town. Silas Kitto Hocking Silas Kitto Hocking (March 24, 1850–September 15, 1935) was an English novelist and Methodist preacher. ...


Politics and the Church

Shahid Malik,[64] Labour MP for Dewsbury, Phil Willis,[65] Liberal Democrat MP for Harrogate & Knaresborough, and Sir Vincent Fean,[66] HM Ambassador to Libya, were born in Burnley, as were James Yorke Scarlett,[67] commander of the Heavy Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava, and the sixteenth-century Catholic martyr Robert Nutter.[68] Shahid Malik is the first British Muslim to be made a Minister in the British Government. ... Phil Willis George Philip Willis (born 30 November 1941, Burnley) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... Sir James Yorke Scarlett (1799 - 1871), British general, was the second son of the 1st Baron Abinger. ... It has been suggested that The Thin Red Line (1854 battle) be merged into this article or section. ...


Science and Industry

Engineer Willis Jackson[69] was born and educated in the town. Willis Jackson, Baron Jackson of Burnley (1904 – 17 February 1970) was a British technologist and electrical engineer. ...


Sport

Burnley's sporting figures include England and Lancashire cricketer James Anderson,[70] England and Everton Women's goalkeeper Rachel Brown,[71] Pakistan and Tranmere midfielder Adnan Ahmed,[72] Bury FC manager Chris Casper,[73] professional poker player John Falconer,[citation needed] Commonwealth Games Gold Medal-winning gymnast Craig Heap,[74] and Neil Hodgson, 2003 World Superbike champion.[75] Ron Greenwood,[76] former manager of the England football team, was born in nearby Worsthorne. James Michael (Jimmy) Anderson (born 30 July 1982 in Burnley, Lancashire) is an international English cricketer. ... Rachel Brown (born July 2, 1980) is an English footballer, currently playing for Everton Ladies and England Women. ... Adnan Ahmed (born June 7, 1984 in Burnley, England) is a professional football (soccer) midfielder currently playing for Huddersfield Town F.C.. Ahmed was a trainee with Huddersfield prior to his signing a professional contract in July 2003. ... For the team from Bury St Edmunds, see Bury Town F.C.. Bury Football Club are an English association football team based in Bury, Lancashire to the north of the Manchester region. ... Chris Casper (born 28 April 1975, Burnley, Lancashire) is an English football manager, currently in charge of Football League Two club Bury. ... For the domestic fireplace tool, see fireplace poker. ... Burnley John Falconer is an English professional poker player. ... Current flag of the Commonwealth Games Federation Locations of the games, and participating countries Commonwealth Games Federation seal, adopted in 2001 The Commonwealth Games is a multinational, multi-sport event. ... Craig Heap (born in Burnley, England) is a retired Commonwealth Games Gold medal winning gymnast who has represented England over 100 times in various international gymnastic competitions. ... Neil Hodgson, originally from Burnley but now living on the Isle of Man, is a motorcycle racer who has won the 2000 British Superbike championship and the 2003 World Superbike crown. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Up until the late 1960s, motorcycles came in three basic formats: Working Bikes: Generally below 250cc, low powered for the average working gentleman to get to work General Bikes: Generally below 500cc/650cc, as working bikes but as they had higher power could also be used for fun at... Ron Greenwood CBE (November 11, 1921 — February 8, 2006) was an English football player and manager, best known for being manager of the English national football team from 1977 until 1982. ... First international  Scotland 0 - 0 England (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Biggest win  Ireland 0 - 13 England (Belfast, Ireland; 18 February 1882) Biggest defeat  Hungary 7 - 1 England (Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954) World Cup Appearances 12 (First in 1950) Best result Winners, 1966 European Championship Appearances 7 (First in... Church of St. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Lancashire County Council. Accessed 27 October 2007.
  2. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.4
  3. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.5
  4. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.6
  5. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.6
  6. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.7
  7. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.6
  8. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.6
  9. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.8
  10. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.9
  11. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.11
  12. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.13
  13. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.14
  14. ^ Burnley Borough Council. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  15. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.15
  16. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.16
  17. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.17
  18. ^ Hall, Burnley: A Short History, p.18
  19. ^ www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  20. ^ Burnley Task Force report. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  21. ^ Burnley Borough Council. Accessed 18 September 2007.
  22. ^ Burnley Borough Council. Accessed 6 November 2007.
  23. ^ Lancashire County Council. Accessed 6 November 2007.
  24. ^ www.parliament.uk. Accessed 6 November 2007.
  25. ^ European Parliament official site. Accessed 6 November 2007.
  26. ^ www.greenflagaward.org.uk. Accessed 10 September 2007.
  27. ^ www.panopticons.uk.net. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  28. ^ www.weaverstriangle.co.uk. Accessed 6 November 2007.
  29. ^ www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Accessed 18 September 2007.
  30. ^ Office for National Statistics. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  31. ^ Office for National Statistics. 2001 census. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  32. ^ www.bbc.co.uk, 24 June 2007. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  33. ^ www.ukbusawards.co.uk. Accessed 10 September 2007.
  34. ^ "Prestige: some jobs are saved". Lancashire Evening Telegraph, 5 July 1997. Accessed 11 September 2007.
  35. ^ "End of an era". Lancashire Evening Telegraph, 30 December 2002. Accessed 11 September 2007.
  36. ^ Institute for Public Policy Research. Accessed 6 September 2007.
  37. ^ Office for National Statistics. Accessed 11 September 2007.
  38. ^ Central Lancashire City Region Development Programme. Accessed 11 September 2007.
  39. ^ "Debenhams Pulls Out!", Burnley Express, 19 December 2006. Accessed 7 September 2007.
  40. ^ Burnley Borough Council. Accessed 7 September 2007.
  41. ^ Burnley Borough Council. Accessed 7 September 2007.
  42. ^ Roberts, Northern Soul Top 500, p.369
  43. ^ "The Tommies' tipple is back in vogue", Manchester Evening News, 2 August 2002. Accessed 23 October 2007.
  44. ^ Hall & Spencer, Burnley: A Pictorial History, p.[2]
  45. ^ www.visitburnley.com. Accessed 6 November 2007.
  46. ^ www.visitburnley.com. Accessed 6 November 2007.
  47. ^ Burnley St Peter's Heritage - Story of Church and Town. Accessed 13 November 2007.
  48. ^ Department for Children, Schools and Families. Accessed 9 November 2007.
  49. ^ Department for Children, Schools and Families. Accessed 9 November 2007.
  50. ^ Department for Children, Schools and Families. Accessed 9 November 2007.
  51. ^ Minutes of Burnley Borough Council meeting, 14 February 2007. Accessed 21 August 2007.
  52. ^ Barratt, Ian McKellen: An Unofficial Biography, p.1
  53. ^ www.whatsontv.co.uk. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  54. ^ www.thisislancashire.co.uk. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  55. ^ www.tv.com. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  56. ^ Urban Talent Acting Agency. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  57. ^ www.tv.com. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  58. ^ Daryn's Lee Ingleby Page. Accessed 2 October 2007.
  59. ^ British Film Institute screenonline database. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  60. ^ "Salmon's leap of faith", The Guardian, 11 December 2006. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  61. ^ A Chumbawumba FAQ. Accessed 22 October 2007.
  62. ^ Rickards, 'Icarus Soaring: The Music of John Pickard', p.2
  63. ^ Burnley Borough Council. Accessed 23 October 2007.
  64. ^ Shahid Malik MP official site. Accessed 24 October 2007.
  65. ^ Liberal Democrats official site. Accessed 23 October 2007.
  66. ^ www.omc.it. Accessed 24 October 2007.
  67. ^ Chapples, General Scarlett: The Burnley Hero of Balaclava, p.6
  68. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 23 October 2007.
  69. ^ www.aim25.ac.uk. Accessed 23 October 2007.
  70. ^ www.cricinfo.com. Accessed 24 October 2007.
  71. ^ www.bbc.co.uk. Accessed 24 October 2007.
  72. ^ Tranmere Rovers official site. Accessed 23 October 2007.
  73. ^ Bury FC official site. Accessed 24 October 2007.
  74. ^ "Town says thanks to its golden boy", Burnley Citizen, 28 August 2002. Accessed 24 August 2007.
  75. ^ www.superbikeplanet.com. Accessed 24 October 2007.
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is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

References

  • Mike Barratt, Ian McKellen: An Unofficial Biography, Virgin Books, 2006 ISBN 0-7535-1074-X
  • Steve Chapples, General Scarlett: The Burnley Hero of Balaclava, Arncliffe Press, 2006
  • Brian Hall, Burnley: A Short History, Burnley Historical Society, 2002
  • Brian Hall & Ken Spencer, Burnley: A Pictorial History, Phillimore, 1993 ISBN 0-85033-866-2
  • Guy Rickards, 'Icarus Soaring: The Music of John Pickard' in Tempo, n.s., 201 (July 1997), pp.2-5
  • Kev Roberts, Northern Soul Top 500, Goldmine Publications, 2000 ISBN 0-9539-2910-8

Further reading

  • Walter Bennett, The History of Burnley, 4 vols., Burnley Corporation, 1946-1951
  • Ken Bolton & Roger Frost, Burnley, Francis Frith, 2006 ISBN 1-84589-131-7
  • Mike Townend, Burnley, Tempus Publishing, 2004 ISBN 0-7524-1566-2
  • Mike Townend, Burnley Revisited, Tempus Publishing, 2006 ISBN 0-7524-3996-0

External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Burnley.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Burnley

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

General information

  • Burnley Borough Council Official council site
  • Visit Burnley Official tourism site

Maps and photographs

  • Burnley in 1890 | Old Ordnance Survey Maps
  • Burnley in 1910 | Old Ordnance Survey Maps
  • Burnley in 1953-55 | Old Ordnance Survey Maps
  • Burnley in 2007 | Photographs of Burnley town centre and surrounding area
  • Burnley in 2007 | Photographs of the Leeds and Liverpool canal in Burnley

  Results from FactBites:
 
Burnley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (996 words)
Burnley is a large market town in the east of Lancashire in north-west England with a population of around 74,000.
To the west of Burnley lies Padiham and Accrington with Nelson and Colne to the north.
Burnley College is the borough's tertiary education provider, offering vocational and professional training, adult education, and a small number of degree courses, as well as some GCSE courses and a full range of A levels.
Burnley F.C. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (940 words)
Burnley have been Football League Champions twice, in 1920-21 and 1959-60, and were FA Cup winners on April 25, 1914, beating Liverpool F.C. 1-0 at Crystal Palace.
Burnley enjoyed a long unbroken top flight spell ending in 1971 in which, more often than not, they were in the upper reaches of the League table.
Burnley are one of the most famous clubs to fall from greatness in the last few decades.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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