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Encyclopedia > Burney Treaty
This article is part of
the History of Malaysia series

Langkasuka (2nd-14th century CE)
Pan Pan (3rd-5th century)
Srivijaya (3rd century -1400)
Gangga Negara (?-11th century)
Majapahit (1293-1500)
Sultanate of Malacca (1402 - 1511)
Sultanate of Sulu (1457-19th century)
Sultanate of Johor (1528-current)
White Rajahs (1841-1946)
British Malaya (1874-1957)
Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824
Burney Treaty (1826)
Straits Settlements (1826-1946)
Pangkor Treaty of 1874
Federated Malay States (1895-1946)
Unfederated Malay States (19th century-1946)
Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909
Battle of Penang (1914)
North Borneo (1882-1963)
Mat Salleh Rebellion (1896-1900)
World War II (1942-1945)
Battle of Malaya (1941-42)
Parit Sulong Massarce (1942)
Battle of Singapore (1942)
Syburi (1942-1945)
Sandakan Death Marches (1945)
Malayan Union (1946-1948)
Federation of Malaya (1948-1963)
Malayan Emergency (1948-1960)
Batang Kali massacre (1948)
Independence Day (1957)
Federation of Malaysia (1963-present)
Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation (1962-1966)
Brunei Revolt (1962-1966)
Expulsion of Singapore (1965)
May 13 Incident (1969)
New Economic Policy (1971-1990)
Operation Lalang (1987)

The Burney Treaty was a treaty signed between Siam and the British in 1826. It acknowledged Siamese claim over the four northern Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu. The treaty further guaranteed British ownership of Penang and their rights to trade in Kelantan and Terengganu without the Siamese interference. The four Malay states were not represented in the treaty negotiation. The history of Malaysia is a relatively recent offshoot of the history of the wider Malay-Indonesian world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Langkasuka (-langkha Sanskrit for resplendent land -sukkha of bliss) was apparently the oldest kingdom on the Malay peninsula. ... The Common Era (CE), also known as the Christian Era and sometimes the Current Era, is the period beginning with the year 1 onwards. ... A call of pan-pan is a very urgent message concerning the safety of a ship, aircraft or other vehicle, or persons on board who require immediate assistance. ... Srivijaya (200s-1400) was an ancient Malay kingdom on the island of Sumatra which influenced much of the Malay Archipelago. ... Gangga Negara was believed to be a lost Hindu kingdom somewhere in the state of Perak, Malaysia. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... Sultanate of Malacca was a Malay sultanate founded by Parameswara in 1402. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Sultanate of Johor (or sometimes Johor-Riau) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shahs son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah in 1528. ... The White Rajahs is a dynasty that ruled Sarawak from 1842 to 1946. ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, also known as the Treaty of London (one of several), was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in London on March 17, 1824. ... The Straits Settlements were a collection of territories of the British East India Company in Southeast Asia, which were given collective administration in 1826. ... The Pangkor Treaty of 1874 was a treaty signed between the Sir Andrew Clarke on behalf of the British and Raja Abdullah of Perak. ... The Federated Malay States was a federation of four states on the Malay Peninsula - Pahang, Perak, Selangor, and Negeri Sembilan - established by the British government in 1895, and lasted until 1946, when they were joined to the Straits Settlements and the Unfederated Malay States in the Malayan Union, then Federation... The Unfederated Malay States was a group of five Malay states, namely Johore, Terengganu, Kelantan, Kedah and Perlis. ... The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1906 (in which the Malays were not represented) effectively dissected the northern Malay states into two parts: Pattani, Narathiwat, Songkhla, Satun and Yala remained under Siam, but Siam relinquished its claims to sovereignty over Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Terengganu to Great Britain. ... The Battle of Penang occured in 1914, during World War I. It was a naval action. ... North Borneo was a British Protectorate and later Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, situated in what is now the province of Sabah Malaysia. ... The Matt Salleh Rebellion happened in Sabah. ... During the early morning hours of December 7th/8th, 1941, before the first bombs started falling on the United States Pacific base at Pearl Harbor (time zone differences), World War Two widened in the Pacific with the Battle for Malaya - the Japanase invasion of the British Malaya. ... Parit Sulong is a small village in Johor, Malaysia on the Simpang Kiri River, 30 km east of Muar where on 23 January 1942, the Japanese Imperial Guards tortured and then massacred Australian and Indian prisoners of war. ... The Battle of Singapore was a battle of the South-East Asian theatre of World War II, from February 7, 1942 – February 15, 1942. ... During the Japanese Occupation of Malaya, control of the State of Kedah was given to Thailand by the Japanese. ... The Sandakan Death Marches are the most infamous incident in series of events which resulted in the deaths of more than 6,000 Javanese civilian slave labourers and Allied prisoners of war, held by the Empire of Japan during the Pacific campaign of World War II, at prison camps in... The Malayan Union was formed on April 1, 1946 by the British. ... The Federation of Malaya, or in Malay Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, was formed in 1948 from the British settlements of Penang and Malacca and the nine Malay states and replaced the Malayan Union. ... The Malayan Emergency was an insurrection and guerrilla war of the Malay Races Liberation Army against the British and Malayan administration from 1948-1960 in what is now Malaysia. ... The event dubbed the Batang Kali Massacre took place December 12, 1948. ... Hari Merdeka (Independence Day) is the national holiday of Malaysia. ... The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. ... The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation was an intermittent war over the future of the island of Borneo, between British-backed Malaysia and Indonesia in 1962-1966. ... The Brunei Revolt broke out on the December 8, 1962 and was led by Yassin Affandi and his armed rebels. ... Singapore played a relatively minor role in the history of Southeast Asia until 1819, when the Englishman Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founded a British port on the island. ... The May 13 Incident is a term for the Chinese-Malay race riots in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on May 13, 1969 which left at least 184 people dead. ... The Malaysian New Economic Policy (NEP or DEB for Dasar Ekonomi Baru in Malay) was an ambitious, though controversial, socio-economic restructuring program launched by the Malaysian government in 1971 under the then Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak. ... Operation Lalang (or in English, Weeding Operation) was carried out on 27 October 1987 by the Malaysian police to crackdown on opposition leaders and social activists. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... 1826 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Malay states are a group of nine states of Malaysia (all located in West Malaysia) which have hereditary Rulers. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Alor Star Royal Capital Anak Bukit Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Chief Minister Syed Razak Syed Zain Barakbah Area 9,426 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 1 572 107 State anthem Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Kedah (Jawi:قدح, pop. ... State Motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan (English : hopes to God of government of Kelantan Capital Kota Bharu Sultan Tuanku Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yahya Petra Chief minister Tuan Guru Dato Haji Nik Aziz Nik Mat Area 14,922 km² Population 1. ... State motto: Maharaja Anas Sangat Hebat Capital Kangar Royal Capital Arau Raja Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Regent Syed Faizuddin Putra Chief Minister Shahidan Kassim Area 810 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 198335 State anthem Amin amin ya Rabaljalil Perlis, (Jawi:بيرلس) in full Perlis Indera Kayangan, is the smallest state in Malaysia. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Kuala Terengganu Sultan Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Chief Minister Dato Idris Jusoh Area 12,955 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 879,691 State anthem Terengganu State Anthem Terengganu (Jawi: ترڠڬانو, formerly spelled Trengganu) is a state of Malaysia. ...

In 1909, the parties of the agreement signed a new treaty that superceded the 1826 treaty. The 1909 treaty, known as Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, also as Bangkok Treaty of 1909, transferred the four Malay states from Siamese to British dominion. The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1906 (in which the Malays were not represented) effectively dissected the northern Malay states into two parts: Pattani, Narathiwat, Songkhla, Satun and Yala remained under Siam, but Siam relinquished its claims to sovereignty over Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Terengganu to Great Britain. ...



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