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Encyclopedia > Burmese python
Burmese Python

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Pythonidae
Genus: Python
Species: P. molurus
Subspecies: P. m. bivittatus
Trinomial name
Python molurus bivittatus
Kuhl, 1820

The Burmese Python (Python molurus bivittatus) is the larger subspecies of the Indian Python and one of the 6 biggest snakes in the world, native to rain forest areas of Southeast Asia. They are often found near water and are sometimes semi-aquatic, but can also be found in trees. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (945x945, 222 KB) Python molurus, from http://www. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Reptilia redirects here. ... Suborders Lacertilia- Lizards Serpentes - Snakes Amphisbaenia - Worm lizards This article is about the Squamata order of reptiles. ... Families Acrochordidae Aniliidae Anomalepididae Anomochilidae Atractaspididae Boidae Bolyeriidae Colubridae Cylindrophiidae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Typhlopidae Uropeltidae Viperidae Xenopeltidae Snakes are cold blooded legless reptiles closely related to lizards, which share the order Squamata. ... Synonyms Pythonoidea - Fitzinger, 1826 Pythonoidei - Eichwald, 1831 Holodonta - Müller, 1832 Pythonina - Bonaparte, 1840 Pythophes - Fitzinger, 1843 Pythoniens - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Holodontes - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythonides - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythones - Cope, 1861 Pythonidae - Cope, 1864 Peropodes - Meyer, 1874... Python is a genus within the family Pythonidae which contains probably the best known species typically referred to as pythons. ... Binomial name Python molurus molurus The Indian Python or Indian Rock Python (Python molurus molurus) is a python found in India, especially in the estuarine mangrove forest, the arid scrub jungle and the cool dense rain forests. ... Trinomial nomenclature is a taxonomic naming system that extends the standard system of binomial nomenclature by adding a third taxon. ... Heinrich Kuhl (September 17, 1797 - September 14, 1821) was a German zoologist. ... Binomial name Python molurus molurus The Indian Python or Indian Rock Python (Python molurus molurus) is a python found in India, especially in the estuarine mangrove forest, the arid scrub jungle and the cool dense rain forests. ... A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


The Burmese python is one of the largest of all snakes, growing up to 8 metres (25 feet) and weighing up to 180 kg (400 pounds). It continues to grow throughout life and the great length is due to the presence of a large number of vertebrae. Females are typically larger than males. A diagram of a thoracic vertebra. ...


A Burmese Python at Serpent Safari Park in Gurnee, Illinois, USA[1] holds the record for heaviest living snake. As of 2005, it weighs 182.76 kg (403 lb) at a length of 8.23 m (27 ft).[2] Gurnee Mills entrance The center of Gurnee, with Gurnee Mills to the northwest and Six Flags to the southeast. ...

Contents

Description

Burmese Pythons are light-coloured snakes with many dark brown blotches bordered in black down the back. The perceived attractiveness of their skin pattern contributes to their popularity with both reptile keepers and the leather industry. The pattern is similar in colour, but different in actual pattern to the African Rock Python (Python sebae), sometimes resulting in confusion of the two species outside of their natural habitats. Binomial name Python sebae Gmelin, 1789 Synonyms Coluber sebae Coluber speciosus Boa hieroglyphica Python houttuyni Python natalensis Heleionomus variegatus Python liberiensis Python jubalis For the supervillain, see Rock Python. ...


Geographic Range and Habitat

The Burmese Python is found throughout Southeast Asia including Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam, China, and Indonesia. This python is an excellent swimmer and needs a permanent source of water. It can be found in grasslands, marshes, swamps, rocky foothills, woodlands, river valleys, and jungles with open clearings. They are good climbers and have prehensile tails. Prehensility is the quality of an organ that has adapted for grasping or holding. ...


Wild populations are considered to be "threatened" and are listed on Appendix II of CITES. All the giant pythons (including the Indian Python, the African Rock Python, and the Reticulated Python) have historically been slaughtered to supply the world leather market, as well as for folk medicines, and captured for the pet trade. Some are also killed for food, particularly in China. In more recent years extensive captive breeding of the Burmese Python has made the importation of wild caught specimens for the pet trade uncommon. The threatened categories (IUCN Red List) Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, insects, bugs, etc. ... The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ... Binomial name Python molurus molurus The Indian Python or Indian Rock Python (Python molurus molurus) is a python found in India, especially in the estuarine mangrove forest, the arid scrub jungle and the cool dense rain forests. ... Binomial name Python sebae Gmelin, 1789 Synonyms Coluber sebae Coluber speciosus Boa hieroglyphica Python houttuyni Python natalensis Heleionomus variegatus Python liberiensis Python jubalis For the supervillain, see Rock Python. ... Binomial name Python reticulatus Schneider, 1801 With a maximum recorded length (of a live animal) of just under nine metres (29. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... Captive breeding is the process of breeding endangered animals by capturing them from their natural environment, breeding them in restricted conditions in zoos and other conservation facilities, and releasing them back to the wild when the population stabilizes and the threat to the animal in the wild is lessened or...


Due to the difficulties of raising these as pets, some owners have released them into the wild, creating an established breeding population in Florida.[3] This has caused widespread concern as they occupy a place at the top of the food chain. Over 230 (National Geographic - October 28th 05) have been captured in the Florida Everglades where they are competing with alligators as the dominant predator. In recent years this competition has resulted in what officials describe as a draw.[4] Recent estimates put the wild population of Burmese pythons in Florida at approximately 30,000. Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Map of the Everglades ecoregion as delineated by the WWF. Satellite image from NASA. The yellow line encloses two ecoregions, the Everglades and the South Florida rocklands. The South Florida rocklands ecoregion includes the Florida Keys and offshore islands and two patches within the Everglades. ... For other uses, see Alligator (disambiguation). ... To tie or draw is to finish a competition with identical or inconclusive results. ...

Albino Burmese Python at Alligator's Adventure.
Albino Burmese Python at Alligator's Adventure.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2448x3264, 3191 KB) Summary Burmese Python at Alligators Adventure. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2448x3264, 3191 KB) Summary Burmese Python at Alligators Adventure. ...

Behaviour

Burmese Pythons are mainly nocturnal rainforest dwellers.[5] When younger they are equally at home on the ground and in trees, but as they gain girth they tend to restrict most of their movements to the ground. They are also excellent swimmers, being able to stay submerged for up to half an hour. Burmese Pythons spend the majority of their time hidden in the underbrush. In the northern parts of its range it may brumate for some months during the cold season in a hollow tree, a hole in the riverbank or under rocks. Brumation[6] is biologically distinct from hibernation. While the behavior has similar benefits, specifically to endure the winter without moving, it also involves preparation of both male and female reproductive organs for the upcoming breeding season. A nocturnal animal is one that sleeps during the day and is active at night - the opposite of the human (diurnal) schedule. ... The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia. ...


Burmese Pythons breed in the early spring, with females laying clutches which average 12-36 eggs in March or April. She will remain with the eggs until they hatch, wrapping around them and twitching her muscles in such a way as to raise the ambient temperature around the eggs by several degrees. Once the hatchlings use their egg tooth to cut their way out of their eggs, there is no further maternal care. The newly hatched will often remain inside their egg until they are ready to complete their first shedding of skin, after which they hunt for their first meal. An egg tooth is not a true tooth, but a small horny protruberance on the beak or nose of vertebrates that are hatched from eggs, ie: birds and reptiles. ...


Diet

Like all snakes, Burmese Pythons are carnivorous. Their diet consisting primarily of appropriately sized birds and mammals. The snake uses its sharp backward pointing teeth to seize its prey, then wraps its body around the prey at the same time contracting its muscles, killing the prey by asphyxiation. They are often found near human habitations due to the presence of rats and other vermin as a food source. However, their equal affinity for domesticated birds and mammals means that they are often treated as a pest. In captivity their diet consists primarily of commercially available, appropriately sized rats, and moving up to larger items such as rabbits and poultry as they grow. Exceptionally large pythons may even require larger food items, such as pigs or goats. Larger snakes often save energy by swallowing small, easily-managed prey animals live, without constricting them first. For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... This tigers sharp teeth and strong jaws are the classical physical traits expected from carnivorous mammalian predators A carnivore (IPA: ), meaning meat eater (Latin carne meaning flesh and vorare meaning to devour), is an animal that eats a diet consisting mainly of meat, whether it comes from live animals... In nutrition, the diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Asphyxia is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body. ... Species 50 species; see text *Several subfamilies of Muroids include animals called rats. ... Look up vermin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Rabbit (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Pig (disambiguation). ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ...

Albino Burmese Pythons
Albino Burmese Pythons

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 1096 KB) Phylum : Chordata - Class : Reptilia - Order : Squamata - Family : Boidae - Genus : Python (common pythons) Two albino burmese pythons. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 1096 KB) Phylum : Chordata - Class : Reptilia - Order : Squamata - Family : Boidae - Genus : Python (common pythons) Two albino burmese pythons. ...

In captivity

Burmese Pythons are often sold as pets, and are made popular by their attractive colour and apparently easy-going nature. However, these animals have a rapid growth rate, and will often exceed 7 feet in length in a year if cared for and fed properly. By age 4, they will have reached their adult size, though they continue growing very slowly throughout their lives, which may exceed 20 years.
While this species has a reputation for docility, they are very powerful animals, capable of inflicting severe bites or even killing a keeper by constriction[7]. They also consume large amounts of food, and due to their size, require large, often custom-built, secure, enclosures, which can be very expensive.
These snakes, like others, will attempt to hunt, and as pets this means that they will attempt to get out of their cages. Male Burmese pythons will often attempt escape during their breeding season, which may fall anywhere between September and April.
Cage cleaning can be difficult, as the feces of the snake are large, and adult pythons can produce droppings large enough to require a shovel to pick up.
While this species is gentle, tractable, and attractive, its sheer size and power make it an unsuitable choice for beginning snake keepers, who are all too often lured into buying one by unscrupulous pet shop owners and their relatively low market value.
A secondary problem with feeding Burmese Pythons is that many owners believe if a snake acts hungry, that it should be fed. As Burmese Pythons are opportunistic feeders, they will typically eat almost any time food is offered, and often act hungry even when they have recently eaten. This often leads to overfeeding, and obesity related problems are common in captive Burmese Pythons. Constriction is a method used by various snake species to kill their prey. ... A hunt is an activity during which humans or animals chase some prey, such as wild or specially bred animals (traditionally targeted species are known as game), in order to catch or kill them, either for food, sale, or as a form of sport. ... Horse feces Feces, faeces, or fæces (see spelling differences) is a waste product from an animals digestive tract expelled through the anus (or cloaca) during defecation. ...


Burmese handling

During a live reptile show, at Reptilia, volunteers from the audience are requested to assist in the handling of a 5 m (approx. 16.5 ft) long female Burmese Python.
During a live reptile show, at Reptilia, volunteers from the audience are requested to assist in the handling of a 5 m (approx. 16.5 ft) long female Burmese Python.

Although pythons are typically afraid of people, due to their high stature (especially given that snakes are usually low to the ground), and will generally avoid people, special care is still required when handling them. A five metre (around 16.5 feet) long Burmese Python is certainly capable of overpowering and killing a fully grown adult, so it is not advisable to handle such a large snake alone. If the snake does wrap around an individual, others should be present to unwind the snake, starting at the tail. Many reptile zoos demonstrate proper snake handling technique. Usually the demonstrator handles the head, while non-professionals can handle the rest of the snake's body. Snakes should be supported firmly but gently. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (4288 × 2848 pixel, file size: 6. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (4288 × 2848 pixel, file size: 6. ... Reptilia is Canadas largest reptile zoo (15,000 square feet of exhibits). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ...


Variations

The Burmese Python is frequently captive bred for colour, pattern, and more recently size. The albino form of the Burmese Python is especially popular and is the most widely available morph. They are white with patterns in butterscotch yellow and burnt orange. There are also "Labyrinth" specimens, which have mazelike patterns, khaki coloured "Green" Burmese pythons, and "Granite" Burmese pythons, which have many small angular spots. Breeders have recently begun working with an island lineage of Burmese Pythons. Early reports indicate that these "Dwarf" Burmese have a slightly different colouring and pattern than their mainland relatives and do not grow much over 7 feet (2.1 meters) long. The "Dwarf" Burmese were first captively reproduced by Beau Lewis of Arizona, USA. One of the most sought-after of these variations is the leucistic Burmese. This particular variety is very rare, and has not been reproduced in captivity. This snake is entirely bright white with no pattern and black eyes. Albinism is a genetic condition resulting in a lack of pigmentation in the eyes, skin and hair. ... A form of albinism. ...

Albino Burmese Python at Alligator's Adventure.
Albino Burmese Python at Alligator's Adventure.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3264x2448, 2985 KB) Summary Burmese Python at Alligators Adventure. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3264x2448, 2985 KB) Summary Burmese Python at Alligators Adventure. ...

Conservation

In Hong Kong, it is a protected species under Wild Animals Protection Ordinance Cap 170.. List of protected species in Hong Kong. ...


See also

There has been one documented case of an exploding snake, whereby a Burmese python burst. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Snake in the grass: Dumped python was Serpent Safari's Baby. Lake County News-Sun (2006-11-04).
  2. ^ Guinness: Natural World/Animal Extremes/Heaviest Snake. Retrieved on July 31, 2006.
  3. ^ http://myfwc.com/critters/exotics/SpeciesNumberResults.asp?SPPNO=46
  4. ^ BBC News: Snake bursts after gobbling gator
  5. ^ Dr. Susan Evans (2003). Python molurus, Burmese Python. The deep Scaly Project. Digital Morphology. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
  6. ^ http://www.kingsnake.com/articles/Glossary.html
  7. ^ http://www.anapsid.org/coloburm.html Thirteen Foot Burmese Python Kills Owner

The News Sun is a regional newspaper based in Waukegan, Illinois, that predominantly covers news for Lake County, Illinois, a part of Chicagoland. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

External links

  • Burmese python info
  • Burmese info from the Florida Fish and Wildlife agency

  Results from FactBites:
 
Burmese Python (979 words)
Python molarus has three subspeices, the Burmese python Python molurus bivittatus, the Indian python Python molurus molurus and the Ceylon python Python molurus pimbura.
Sometimes known as the Indian rock python or Burmese rock python, this species of large, heavy bodied snake can be found throughout most of India, parts of Southeast Asia and in Southern China.
Burmese pythons do best with a temperature gradient of 80 - 90 F. A comfortable place to sleep should be provided at both ends of the temperature gradient.
New England Reptile Distributors, designer Ball Pythons, Reticulated Pythons, and much more! (2202 words)
Widespread throughout their range but diminishing in population density, Burmese pythons are extensively exploited in the skin trade and large numbers are slaughtered for their meat and hides.
Wild caught Burmese pythons typically do not make good pets, as they retain a defensive nature and are much more prone to biting than their captive bred counterparts.
Burmese pythons are extremely susceptible to respiratory infections caused by improper temperatures.
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