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Encyclopedia > Burgos
City of Burgos
Flag

(In details)
Coat of arms

(In details)
Province Burgos
Autonomous community Castilla y León
Postal code 090xx
Coordinates
 - Latitude:
 - Longitude:

42°21' N
3º42' W
Altitude 856 m
Surface 108 km²
Distances 122 km to Valladolid
244,7 km to Madrid
Population
 - Total (census of 2005)
 - Density

172.421 inhab.
1546 hab./km²
Demonym Burgalés/Burgalesa
Rivers Arlanzón
Vena
Pico
Cardeñadijo
Mayor (2003- ) Juan Carlos Aparicio
(Partido Popular)
The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos.
The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos.
The statue of El Cid.
The statue of El Cid.
Santa Maria Arch.
Santa Maria Arch.

Burgos is a city of northwestern Spain, at the edge of the central plateau, with about 173,600 inhabitants in the city proper and another 10,000 in its suburbs. It is the capital of the province of Burgos. The Burgos Laws or Leyes de Burgos were promulgated there in 1512. Image File history File links Burgos-Bandera. ... Image File history File links Burgos,_Spain_location. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Burgos province Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Capital Valladolid Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 1st  94,223 km²  18,6% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 6th  2,480,369  5. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... Look up grade in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A minute is a unit of time equal to 1/60th of an hour and to 60 seconds. ... {{Otheruses4|north the direction}} [[Image:CompassRose16_N.png|thumb|250px|right|[[Compass rose]] with north highlighted and at top]] {{wiktionary}} <nowiki>North is o<nowiki>ne of the [[4 (numbe</nowiki> Block quote r)|four]] cardinal directions, specifically the direction that, in Western culture, is treated as the primary direction: north... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... An open surface with X-, Y-, and Z-contours shown. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Distance is a numerical description of how far apart things lie. ... km redirects here. ... Plaza Mayor and city hall, Valladolid Valladolid is an industrial city and its municipality in central Spain, upon the Rio Pisuerga and within the Ribera del Duero region. ... km redirects here. ... Motto: De Madrid al Cielo (From Madrid to Heaven) Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ethnonym. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... From the left: Mariano Rajoy, Josep Piqué and José María Aznar during the proclamation act of Josep Piqué in September 2003 The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is a large liberal-conservative political party in Spain. ... Image File history File links Spain_Burgos_cathedral_2005. ... Image File history File links Spain_Burgos_cathedral_2005. ... Burgos Cathedral The Burgos Cathedral is a Gothic cathedral. ... Image File history File links Spain_Burgos_statue_the_Cid. ... Image File history File links Spain_Burgos_statue_the_Cid. ... Statue of El Cid in Burgos. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1092 KB) Summary View of Santa Maria Arc from Burgos. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1092 KB) Summary View of Santa Maria Arc from Burgos. ... Burgos province Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... The document known as the Leyes de Burgos was promulgated on January 27, 1512 in Burgos, Spain. ...

Contents

History

When the Romans took possession of what is now the province of Burgos the site had been a Celtiberian city inhabited by the Morgobos, Turmodigos,Berones and perhaps also the Pelendones, the last inhabitants of the northern part of the Celtiberian province; the principal cities, according to Ptolemy, included: Brabum, Sisara, Deobrigula, Ambisna Segiasamon and Verovesca (briviesca). In Roman times it belonged to Hispania Citerior ("Hither Spain") and then to Hispania Tarraconensis. In the fifth century the Visigoths drove back the Suevi, then the Arabs occupied all of Castile in the eighth century, though only for a brief period, and left no trace of their occupation. Alfonso III the Great, king of León reconquered it about the middle of the ninth century, and built many castles for the defence of Christendom, which was then extended through the reconquest of lost territory. The region came to be known as Castile (Latin castella), i.e. "land of castles". A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ... During the Roman Republic, Hispania Citerior was a region of Hispania roughly located in the northeastern coast and in the Ebro valley of modern Spain. ... Roman Imperial province of Hispania Tarraconensis, 120 AD Hispania Tarraconensis was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania. ... Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... The Suebi or Suevi were a Germanic people whose origin was near the Baltic Sea . ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Alfonso III (c. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas...


Burgos was founded in the 880s as an outpost on this expanding Christian frontier,[1] when Diego Rodríguez "Porcelos", count of Castile, governed this territory with orders to promote the increase of the Christian population; with this end in view he gathered the inhabitants of the surrounding country into one fortified village, whose Visigothic name of Burgos signified consolidated walled villages (Gothic baurgs).[2] The city began to be called Caput Castellae ("Cabeza de Castilla" or "Head of Castille"). The county (condado) of Burgos, subject to the Kings of Leon, continued to be governed by counts and was gradually extended; Fernán González, the greatest of these, established his independence.[3] Conquista redirects here. ... Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ... Kings of Leon is a rock band made up of three brothers and a cousin, based in Mt. ...


The city was the see of a Catholic bishop from the tenth century and in the eleventh century became the capital of the Kingdom of Castile. Burgos was a major stop for pilgrims on their way to Santiago de Compostela[4] and a centre of trade between the Bay of Biscay and the south, which attracted an unusually large foreign merchant population, who became part of the city oligarchy and excluded other foreigners.[5] Throughout the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries Burgos was a favourite seat of the kings of León and Castile and a favoured burial site. The consejo or urban commune of Burgos was firmly in the hands of an oligarchic class of caballeros villanos, the "non-noble knights" of Burgos, who provided the monarchs with a mounted contingent: in 1255 and 1266 royal charters granted to those citizens of Burgos who owned horses and could arm themselves relief from taxes, provided that they continue to live within the city walls[6] The merchant oligarchy succeeded the cathedral chapter as the major purchasers of land after 1250; they carried on their mercantile business in common with municipal or royal functions and sent their sons to England and Flanders to gain experience in overseas trade. A few families within the hermandades or confraternities like the Sarracín and Bonifaz succeeded in monopolising the post of alcalde, or mayor; a special court, the alcalde del rey was first mentioned at Burgos in 1281[7] By the reign of Alfonso X the exemption of the non-noble knights and religious corporations, combined with exorbitant gifts and grants to monasteries and private individuals, placed great stress on the economic well-being of the realm. A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Location map of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia Santiago de Compostela (also Saint James of Compostela) is the capital of the autonomous community of Galicia. ... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ... Consejo is a village in the north of Corozal District of the nation of Belize. ... Defensive towers at San Gimignano, Tuscany, bear witness to the factional strife within communes. ... Hermandad literally brotherhood in Spanish, was a peacekeeping association of armed individuals, a characteristic of municipal life in medieval Spain, especially in Castile. ... Alcalde is the Spanish title of the chief administrator of a town. ... Alfonso X, El Sabio, or the Learned, (November 23, 1221 - April 4, 1284) was a king of Castile and León (1252 - 1284). ...


In the century following the conquest of Seville (1248), Burgos became a testing-ground for royal policies of increasing power against the consejo, in part by encouraging the right to appeal from the consejo to the king. In 1285 Sancho IV added a new body to the consejo which came to dominate it: the jurado in charge of collecting taxes and overseeing public works; the king reserved the right to select its members. The city perceived that danger to its autonomy came rasther from an uncontrolled aristocracy during royal minorities: Burgos joined the hermandades of cities that leagued together for mutual protection in 1295 and 1315. In the fourteenth century official royal intrusion in city affairs was perceived as a palliative against outbreaks of violence by the large excluded class of smaller merchants and artisans, on whom the tax burden fell. The alguacil was the royal official instituted to judge disagreements. NO8DO (I was not abandoned) Location Coordinates : ( ) Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Sevilla (Spanish) Spanish name Sevilla Founded 8th-9th century BC Postal code 41001-41080 Website http://www. ... Sancho IV can refer to: King Sancho IV of Navarre (d. ...


On 9 June 1345, sweeping aside the city government, Alfonso XI established direct royal rule of Burgos through the Regimiento of sixteen appointed men Alfonso XI of Castile (August 13, 1311 _ March 26/27, 1350) was the king of Castile and León, the son of Spain in 1340. ...


In 1574 Pope Gregory XIII made its bishop an archbishop, at the request of king Philip II. Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Gregory XIII, born Ugo Boncompagni (January 7, 1502 – April 10, 1585) was pope from 1572 to 1585. ... Philip II of Spain Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from...


Burgos has been the scene of many wars: with the Moors, the struggles between León and Navarre, and between Castile and Aragon. In the Peninsular War against Napoleonic France, Burgos was the scene of a battle, and again in the 19th century Carlist civil wars of the Spanish succession. During the Spanish Civil War Burgos was the base of Gen. Franco's rebel Nationalist government. Moorish Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth I of England The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Gibraltar, Spain and Portugal) as well as the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Combatants Spain United Kingdom Portugal French Empire The Peninsular War was a major conflict during the Napoleonic Wars, fought on the Iberian Peninsula by an alliance of Spain, Portugal, and Britain against the Napoleonic French Empire. ... Carlism was a conservative political movement in Spain, purporting to establish an alternative branch of the Bourbons in the Spanish throne. ... Combatants Holy Roman Empire Dutch Republic Great Britain Portugal Crown of Aragon France Spain Electorate of Bavaria Commanders Duke of Marlborough, Eugene of Savoy, Margrave of Baden Louis de Villars Villars, Maximilian II Emanuel Strength 220,000[1] 450,000[2] Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892–20 November or possibly 19 November[1] 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and commonly known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco (pron. ...


Famous citizens

The name of Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (d. 1099), the Cid Campeador, naturally stands pre-eminent among local heroes. He was the man most feared by the Muslims, whom he defeated in innumerable encounters. He is buried in Burgos, in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Burgos. Don Ramón Bonifaz was, according to some authorities a native of Burgos, but in any event he lived there. St. Ferdinand entrusted to him the task of forming the Spanish squadron with which he established and maintained communication with the troops who were besieging Seville, and prevented the Moors from communicating with the city. One of his fleets destroyed the bridge by which the Moors had access to the outside world and received provisions; this brought about the surrender (1248) of the city of Seville to the Christians, led by St. Ferdinand himself. Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (c. ... NO8DO (I was not abandoned) Location Coordinates : ( ) Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Sevilla (Spanish) Spanish name Sevilla Founded 8th-9th century BC Postal code 41001-41080 Website http://www. ...


Sights

Burgos still possesses more ecclesiastical monuments than any other Spanish city, even including Toledo. The three most outstanding are the cathedral, with its chapel of the Condestable, the monastery of Las Huelgas and the Carthusian monastery of Miraflores. In addition to the collegiate churches of Lerma, Villadiego, Plampiega, Palenzuela, Cobarrubias and others, there are in Burgos alone many magnificent buildings. The cathedral, which its chapel of the Condestable, the monastery of Las Huelgas, and the Carthusian monastery of Miraflores, are museums of really permanent value. Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain, about 70 kilometers south of Madrid. ... A Carthusian Monastery in Jerez, Spain The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of St. ... A collegiate church was a church served and administered by a body of canons or prebendaries, similar to a cathedral, although they were not the seat of a bishop. ... Lerma is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Alessandria in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 90 km southeast of Turin and about 30 km south of Alessandria. ...


Minor notable churches are: San Esteban, San Gil (Sancti Aegidii), San Pedro, San Cosme y San Damian, Santiago (Sancti Jacobi), San Lorenzo and San Lesmes (Adelelmi). The Convento de la Merced, occupied by the Jesuits, and the Hospital del Rey are also worthy of mention. In the walls of the city are the famous gateway of Santa María, erected for the first entrance of the Emperor Charles V, and the arch of Fernán González.


The diocese has two fine ecclesiastical seminaries. There are also many institutions for secular education. Schools are maintained in every diocese, the Instituto Provincial, and many colleges are conducted by private individuals, religious orders and nuns both cloistered and uncloistered.


Celebrated of Santa Águeda, commonly called Santa Gadea

This church is chiefly celebrated for its antiquity and for the historic fact that it was in this church that Alfonso VI, in the presence of the famous Cid Campeador (Rodrigo Díaz del Vivar), swore that he had taken no part in the death of his brother the king, Don Sancho, assassinated in the Cerco de Zamora; without this oath he never would have been allowed to succeed to the royal crown of Castile. In this church also the Augustinian friar, St. Juan de Sahagun, was wont to preach, hear confessions, and give missions, after he had renounced the canonry and other ecclesiastical benefices which he held in that diocese.


Burgos cathedral

Main article: Burgos Cathedral

The Gothic Cathedral at Burgos, begun in 1221, displays features of the 13th to 15th centuries. The west front is flanked by towers terminating in octagonal spires covered with open stonework traceries. The façade, in three stories, has triple entrances in ogival arched framing, with a gallery enclosed by a pinnacled balustrade and a delicately-pierced rose window. In the uppermost story there are two ogival double-arched windows and statues on pedestals, crowned with a balustrade of letters carved in stone: PULCHRA ES ET DECORA ("Beautiful art Thou, and graceful"), in the center of which is a statue of the Virgin. There are more balustrades and balconies in the towers, with further open-carved inscriptions: needle-pointed octagonal pinnacles finish the four corners. Burgos Cathedral The Burgos Cathedral is a Gothic cathedral. ... Königsberg Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ...


The north portal, known as the Portada de la Coronería has statues of the Twelve Apostles. Above, ogival windows and two spires crown the portal. .


The magnificent octagonal Chapel of the Condestable is of flamboyant Gothic, filled with traceries, knights and angels and heraldry.


Burgos Cathedral is the burial place of the 11th-century warrior Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, El Cid, who was born in a little town near the city, now called Vivar del Cid. Statue of El Cid in Burgos. ...


Among the most famous of the bishops of Burgos is the 15th-century scholar and historian Alphonsus a Sancta Maria. Alphonsus a Sancta Maria, or Alphonso de Cartagena (1396 - July 12, 1456), Spanish historian, was born at Cartagena, and succeeded his father, Paulus, as bishop of Burgos. ...


As an architectural monument this structure displays the best features of the art of the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. It was commenced by Bishop Mauritius in 1221, in the reign of Ferdinand III and Beatrice of Swabia, and is Gothic in style. the principal façade, Santa María la Mayor, faces west, and on either side rise two towers about 262 feet in height, terminating in octagonal spires covered with open stonework traceries. The façade is composed of three stories, or sections. The first, or ground story has three ogival entrances with rectangular openings; the second has a gallery enclosed by a pinnacled balustrade and a rose window as delicately carved as a piece of lace, which admits some light into the church. In the upper-most story there are two double-arched windows of ogival style, with eight intercolumnar spaces, in each of which there is a statue on a pedestal. The whole is finished with a balustrade of letters carved in stone and forming the inscription: Pulchra es et decora (Thou art beautiful and graceful), in the centre of which is a statue of the Blessed Virgin. In the lateral sections (the towers) the windows are enclosed by stone balustrades, and the top is surmounted by balconies of stone surrounded by balustrades formed of Gothic letters in various inscriptions; suck a dick needle-pointed pinnacles finish the four corners. The spires, as already said, are octagonal in shape; a gallery runs around the eight sides near the top, upon which rest the graceful points of the conical finial.


The north portal is known as the portada de la Coronería. In the lower portion of this are statues of the Twelve Apostles, the windows in the central section being of the primitive ogival style, and in the upper story there are three double-arched windows with statues joined to the shafts of the columns; two small spires, conical in shape like the main ones and decorated with balustrades, rise on either side of this façade. From the portal of the Coronería one can descend to that of the Pellerjería, which faces east and is of the Renaissance style known as the Plateresque. It is divided into three sections, the two end ones being alike, with the centre different in style and dimensions. The former are composed of pilasters minutely carved, between which four statues are placed. The middle section, which serves for an entrance, has three alabaster pilasters, the intercolumnar spaces bearing panel-pictures representing the martyrdom of saints. The façade as a whole gives the impression of a gorgeous picture, and the ornate and fantastic devices sculptured all over its magnificent surface are simply innumerable.


The octagonal chapel of the Condestable, of florid Gothic and very pure in design, is the best of the many chapels of the cathedral. Its roof if finished with balustraded turrets, needle-pointed pinnacles, statues, and countless other sculptural devices. In the lower portion coats of arms, shields, and crouching lions have been worked into the ensemble. The exterior of the sacristy is decorated with carved traceries, figures of angels and armoured knights. The tabernacle is of extraordinary magnificence and is composed of two octagonal sections in Corinthian style.


Monasterio de las Huelgas

Next to the cathedral in magnificence is the famous Monasterio de las Huelgas on the outskirts of the city. This royal monastery was founded in 1180by Alfonso VIII, and architecturally belongs to the transition period from Byzantine to Gothic, although in the course of time almost every style has been introduced into it. This convent has two remarkable cloisters, described by 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica as "unrivalled for beauty both of detail and design, and perhaps unsurpassed by anything in its age and style in any part of Europe": one a very fine example of the earlier period and of the use of semi-circular arches and delicate and varied columns; the other of the ogival style of the transition period. The interior of the church is in the style of the latter, enormous columns supporting its magnificent vault; the entrance is modern. This convent is celebrated for the extraordinary privileges granted to its abbess by kings and popes. Monastery of St. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Alfonso VIII (November 11, 1155 _ October 5, 1214), king of Castile only, and grandson of Alfonso VII, is a great name in Spanish history, for he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohades at the battle of the Navas de... (Redirected from 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


Cartuja de Miraflores

A very beautiful and life-like statue of St. Bruno carved in wood is one of the treasures of the monastery; the stalls in the church also display exquisite workmanship. The mausoleum of King John II and of his wife Isabel, in this monastery, is constructed of the finest marble and so delicately carved that portions seem to be sculptured in wax rather than stone. Around the top are beautiful statues of angels in miniature, which might be the work of Phidias. The French soldiers in the War of Independence (1814) mutilated this beautiful work, cutting off some of the heads and carrying them away to France. Phidias Showing the Frieze of the Parthenon to his Friends by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema Phidias (or Pheidias) (in ancient Greek, ) (c. ...


The Carthusian monastery of Miraflores, noted for its strict observance, is situated about four kilometres from the historic city center. The mausoleum of King John II and of his wife Isabel, in this monastery, is carved of alabaster. A Carthusian Monastery in Jerez, Spain The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of St. ... Miraflores is an affluent district of Lima, Peru. ... St. ... Juan II (March 6, 1405 – July 20, 1454) was King of Castile from 1406 to 1454. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Sister city

The sister city of Burgos is Bruges, a city on the cost of Flanders. Both cities want to work together especially on culture, tourism and economy. Bruges called Brugge by its native Dutch language name which assumedly used to signify landing stage, is the capital of the province of West Flanders in present-day Flanders, the Flemish Region of Belgium. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a...


The mayors of the Flemish Bruges and Burgos signed a treaty on 29 January 2007 in the Bruges’ city hall for future cooperation. This engagement could be seen as a prologue on the opening of the exhibition Comeliness and Madness. This exhibition on Philip the Handsome opened recently in the Casa del Cordón in Burgos where the monarch died. On 30 January 2007 the exhibition opened in Bruges, the city where Philip the Handsome was born and where the urn with his hearth is kept in Onthaalkerk O.L.V. (the Church of Our Lady). The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... Philip I (July 22, 1478 &#8212; September 25, 1506), sometimes called Philip the Handsome (Felipe el Hermoso) was king of Castile, son of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and husband of Joanna the Mad, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, was the founder of the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. ...


See also

Burgos province Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon, Spain. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Teofilo F. Ruiz, "The Transformation of the Castilian Municipalities: The Case of Burgos 1248-1350" Past and Present 77 (November 1977, pp. 3-32), p 5.
  2. ^ Wright, Joseph, 1892, A Primer of the Gothic Language, glossary & section 182.
  3. ^ It later became the Kingdom of Castile, being sometimes united with Navarre and sometimes with Leon. In the reign of St. Ferdinand III (c. 1200-52), Leon and Castile were united, but they continued to be called respectively the Kingdom of Leon and the Kingdom of Castile until the nineteenth century.
  4. ^ The Camino de Santiago passed directly through the city, where an urban section of it was called the "French Road" (Ruiz 1977:13).
  5. ^ Ruiz 1977:10.
  6. ^ Ruiz 1977:6-9.
  7. ^ Ruis 1977:23.

Fernando III called El Santo (the Saint), (1198/1199 – May 30, 1252) was a king of Castile (1217–1252) and Leon (1230–1252). ... St James the Moor Slayer. ...

Sources and external links

Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. [1]
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Burgos


Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge&#8212;writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others&#8212;in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

edit Municipalities of Burgos

Abajas | Adrada de Haza | Aguas Cándidas | Aguilar de Bureba | Albillos | Alcocero de Mola | Alfoz de Bricia | Alfoz de Quintanadueñas | Alfoz de Santa Gadea | Altable | Amaya | Ameyugo | Anguix | Aranda de Duero | Arandilla | Arauzo de Miel | Arauzo de Salce | Arauzo de Torre | Arcos | Arenillas de Riopisuerga | Arija | Arlanzón | Arraya de Oca | Atapuerca | Avellanosa de Muñó | Bahabón de Esgueva | Barbadillo de Herreros | Barbadillo del Mercado | Barbadillo del Pez | Barrio de Muñó | Barrios de Colina | Basconcillos del Tozo | Bascuñana | Baños de Valdearados | Bañuelos de Bureba | Belbimbre | Belorado | Berberana | Berlangas de Roa | Berzosa de Bureba | Bozoó | Brazacorta | Briviesca | Bugedo | Buniel | Burgos | Busto de Bureba | Cabañes de Esgueva | Cabezón de la Sierra | Caleruega | Campillo de Aranda | Campolara | Canicosa de la Sierra | Cantabrana | Carazo | Carcedo de Bureba | Carcedo de Burgos | Cardeñadijo | Cardeñajimeno | Cardeñuela Riopico | Carrias | Cascajares de Bureba | Cascajares de la Sierra | Castellanos de Castro | Castil de Peones | Castildelgado | Castrillo Matajudíos | Castrillo de Riopisuerga | Castrillo de la Reina | Castrillo de la Vega | Castrillo del Val | Castrojeriz | Cayuela | Cebrecos | Celada del Camino | Cerezo de Río Tirón | Cerratón de Juarros | Ciadoncha | Cillaperlata | Cilleruelo de Abajo | Cilleruelo de Arriba | Ciruelos de Cervera | Cogollos | Condado de Treviño | Contreras | Coruña del Conde | Covarrubias | Cubillo del Campo | Cubo de Bureba | Cuevas de San Clemente | Encío | Espinosa de Cervera | Espinosa de los Monteros | Espinosa del Camino | Estépar | Fontioso | Frandovínez | Fresneda de la Sierra Tirón | Fresneña | Fresnillo de las Dueñas | Fresno de Rodilla | Fresno de Río Tirón | Frías | Fuentebureba | Fuentecén | Fuentelcésped | Fuentelisendo | Fuentemolinos | Fuentenebro | Fuentespina | Galbarros | Grijalba | Grisaleña | Gumiel de Izán | Gumiel de Mercado | Hacinas | Haza | Hontanas | Hontangas | Hontoria de Valdearados | Hontoria de la Cantera | Hontoria del Pinar | Hornillos del Camino | Hortigüela | Hoyales de Roa | Huerta de Arriba | Huerta de Rey | Humada | Hurones | Huérmeces | Ibeas de Juarros | Ibrillos | Iglesiarrubia | Iglesias | Isar | Itero del Castillo | Jaramillo Quemado | Jaramillo de la Fuente | Junta de Traslaloma | Junta de Villalba de Losa | Jurisdicción de Lara | Jurisdicción de San Zadornil | La Aguilera | La Cueva de Roa | La Gallega | La Horra | La Puebla de Arganzón | La Revilla y Ahedo | La Sequera de Haza | La Vid de Bureba | La Vid y Barrios | Las Hormazas | Las Quintanillas | Lerma | Llano de Bureba | Los Altos | Los Ausines | Los Balbases | Los Barrios de Bureba | Madrigal del Monte | Madrigalejo del Monte | Mahamud | Mambrilla de Castrejón | Mambrillas de Lara | Mamolar | Manciles | Mazuela | Mecerreyes | Medina de Pomar | Melgar de Fernamental | Merindad de Cuesta-Urria | Merindad de Montija | Merindad de Río Ubierna | Merindad de Sotoscueva | Merindad de Valdeporres | Merindad de Valdivielso | Milagros | Miranda de Ebro | Miraveche | Modúbar de la Emparedada | Monasterio de Rodilla | Monasterio de la Sierra | Moncalvillo | Monterrubio de la Demanda | Montorio | Moradillo de Roa | Nava de Roa | Navas de Bureba | Nebreda | Neila | Olmedillo de Roa | Olmillos de Muñó | Oquillas | Orbaneja Riopico | Oña | Padilla de Abajo | Padilla de Arriba | Padrones de Bureba | Palacios de Riopisuerga | Palacios de la Sierra | Palazuelos de Muñó | Palazuelos de la Sierra | Pampliega | Pancorbo | Pardilla | Partido de la Sierra en Tobalina | Pedrosa de Duero | Pedrosa de Río Úrbel | Pedrosa del Príncipe | Pedrosa del Páramo | Peral de Arlanza | Peñaranda de Duero | Pineda Trasmonte | Pineda de la Sierra | Pinilla Trasmonte | Pinilla de los Barruecos | Pinilla de los Moros | Piérnigas | Poza de la Sal | Pradoluengo | Presencio | Prádanos de Bureba | Puentedura | Quemada | Quintana del Pidio | Quintanabureba | Quintanaortuño | Quintanapalla | Quintanar de la Sierra | Quintanavides | Quintanaélez | Quintanilla San García | Quintanilla Vivar | Quintanilla de la Mata | Quintanilla del Agua y Tordueles | Quintanilla del Coco | Rabanera del Pinar | Rabé de las Calzadas | Rebolledo de la Torre | Redecilla del Camino | Redecilla del Campo | Regumiel de la Sierra | Reinoso | Retuerta | Revilla Vallejera | Revilla del Campo | Revillarruz | Rezmondo | Riocavado de la Sierra | Roa | Rojas | Royuela de Río Franco | Rubena | Rublacedo de Abajo | Rucandio | Rábanos | Salas de Bureba | Salas de los Infantes | Saldaña de Burgos | Salinillas de Bureba | San Adrián de Juarros | San Juan del Monte | San Mamés de Burgos | San Martín de Rubiales | San Millán de Lara | San Vicente del Valle | Santa Cecilia | Santa Cruz de la Salceda | Santa Cruz del Valle Urbión | Santa Gadea del Cid | Santa Inés | Santa María Rivarredonda | Santa María del Campo | Santa María del Invierno | Santa María del Mercadillo | Santa Olalla de Bureba | Santibáñez de Esgueva | Santibáñez del Val | Santo Domingo de Silos | Sargentes de la Lora | Sarracín | Sasamón | Solarana | Sordillos | Sotillo de la Ribera | Sotragero | Sotresgudo | Susinos del Páramo | Tamarón | Tardajos | Tejada | Terradillos de Esgueva | Tinieblas de la Sierra | Tobar | Tordómar | Torrecilla del Monte | Torregalindo | Torrelara | Torrepadre | Torresandino | Tosantos | Trespaderne | Tubilla del Agua | Tubilla del Lago | Tórtoles de Esgueva | Úrbel del Castillo | Vadocondes | Valdeande | Valdezate | Valdorros | Vallarta de Bureba | Valle de Losa | Valle de Manzanedo | Valle de Mena | Valle de Oca | Valle de Santibáñez | Valle de Sedano | Valle de Tobalina | Valle de Valdebezana | Valle de Valdelaguna | Valle de Valdelucio | Valle de Zamanzas | Valle de las Navas | Vallejera | Valles de Palenzuela | Valluércanes | Valmala | Vileña | Villadiego | Villaescusa de Roa | Villaescusa la Sombría | Villaespasa | Villafranca Montes de Oca | Villafruela | Villagalijo | Villagonzalo Pedernales | Villahoz | Villalba de Duero | Villalbilla de Burgos | Villalbilla de Gumiel | Villaldemiro | Villalmanzo | Villamayor de Treviño | Villamayor de los Montes | Villambistia | Villamedianilla | Villamiel de la Sierra | Villangómez | Villanueva de Argaño | Villanueva de Carazo | Villanueva de Gumiel | Villanueva de Teba | Villaquirán de la Puebla | Villaquirán de los Infantes | Villarcayo de Merindad de Castilla la Vieja | Villariezo | Villasandino | Villasur de Herreros | Villatuelda | Villaverde del Monte | Villaverde-Mogina | Villaute | Villayerno Morquillas | Villazopeque | Villegas | Villoruebo | Viloria de Rioja | Vilviestre del Pinar | Vizcaínos | Zael | Zarzosa de Río Pisuerga | Zazuar | Zuñeda Burgos province Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Castilla_y_León. ... Amaya is the name of a village (pop. ... Aranda de Duero is a Spanish town in the south of the province of Burgos. ... Arija is a small municipality north of Burgos, Spain, that dates back from more than thousand years. ... Belorado is a village in Spain, belonging to the province Burgos, with a population of 2100 inhabitants. ... Caleruega is a small town and municipality in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon, Spain. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Coruña del Conde is a Spanish village and municipality located at the south of Burgos province, Castile-Leon autonomous community, in the Aranda de Duero jurisdiction. ... Location of Covarrubias Covarrubias is a village and municipality in the province of Burgos in the Spanish autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ... Mecerreyes is a village and municipality in the province of Burgos in Spain, part of the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ... Milagros is a Spanish village and municipality in the province of Burgos, part of the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ... Miranda de Ebro is an industrial city in the north-east of the province of Burgos in Spain on the border with the province of Álava and the autonomous community of La Rioja. ... Padilla de Abajo is a small village located in the province of Burgos, in the kingdom of Spain. ... Palacios de la Sierra is a small town in the Spanish province of Burgos. ... Roa is a Spanish town and municipality in the south of the province of Burgos. ... Salas de los Infantes is a municipality located in Burgos Province between Logroño, Soria and Burgos in Spain. ... Valdeande is a spanish municipality in the province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... The Valley of Mena (Spanish: Valle de Mena) is a municipality of the province of Burgos, Spain, that borders Biscay. ... Villahoz is a village in Spain. ... Villalmanzo is a village of the province of Burgos, Castile and Leon (Spain). ... Nickname: Villatueldanos/as Municipality Villatuelda Mayor Ausencio Monje (PP) Area    - City 15,30 km²  - Land 15,30 km² Population (2005)  - City 62 hab. ... Villaute is a small village in the west of the province of Burgos, Spain; settled at about 45 km of the province capital (burgos), and at 5 km of the town of villadiego. ... Zael may refer to: Sahl ibn Bishr Zael, Burgos in Spain Category: ...

Coordinates: 42°21′N 3°42′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
BURGOS by All About Spain (289 words)
Burgos was founded in 884, and its historical heritage is always evident to the visitor.
Generally the town is quiet and clean, and after your sightseeing-tour or a walk through one of the parks you may want to try out Burgos' exquisite cuisine.
You shouldn't miss to visit as well the surroundings of the town, where you will find many villages of extraordinary historical-artistical value.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Burgos (2186 words)
Archdiocese of Burgos (from burgi, burgorum, signifying a consolidation of districts or small villages) has been since the tenth century an episcopal see of Spain, to which in the eleventh century the ancient Sees of Oca and Valpuesta were transferred.
Burgos it was inhabited by the Morgobos, Turmodigos, Berones, and perhaps also the Pelendones, the last inhabitants of the northern part of the Celtiberian province.
Burgos, in the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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