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Encyclopedia > Burgher

Burgher can refer to:

  • a title; in the European Middle Ages, a burgher was any freeman of a burgh or borough; or any inhabitant of a borough, a person who lives in town (in Dutch the word for citizen is burger and the German cognate is B├╝rger). The term may also refer to a member of the middle class such as in bourgeois.

In pre-modern Sweden and Finland, burghers were an independent estate with a monopoly in trade; the label survives in both countries. In Finland, porvari means "right-winger" as in porvaripuolueet which means "right-wing parties". In Sweden, the four modern centre-right parliamentary political parties are collectively referred to as de borgerliga (in English, the burgherly). A person from Edinburgh, Scotland, is an Edinburgher. World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Freeman can mean: A person who has been awarded Freedom of the City. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... A borough is an administrative division used in various countries. ... Bourgeois at the end of the thirteenth century. ... In several different regions of medieval Europe, and continuing in some countries[] down to the present day, the estates of the realm were broad divisions of society, usually distinguishing nobility, clergy, and commoners; this last group was, in some regions, further divided into burghers (also known as bourgeoisie) and peasants. ... The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organisations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding extreme right wing beliefs such as fascism. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second-largest city. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - UK Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I 843  Area    - Total 78,772 km...

The Burghers are a Eurasian ethnic group, historically from Sri Lanka, consisting for the most part of male-line descendents of European colonists from the 16th to 20th centuries (mostly Portuguese, Dutch and British) with local Sinhalese ancestry. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... Bourgeoisie (RP [], GA []) is a classification used in analyzing human societies to describe a class of people who are in the middle class nobility, whose status or power comes from employment, education, and wealth as opposed to aristocratic origin. ... Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning vote) is the civil right to vote, or the exercise of that right. ... Capital Pretoria Created 1857 - Independence 1881 - First Boer War Dissolved 1877 - 1st British Annexation 1900 - Formal Annexation Official language Dutch Spoken language Afrikaans This article is about the former country in Africa. ... Flag of Transvaal For the Russian theme park, see Transvaal Park. ...

See also

  • anti-Burgher

  Results from FactBites:
 
Burgher (859 words)
Burghers alone had the privilege to keep shops, were given liberal grants of land with the right of free trade.
The Creole Portuguese continued to be used amongst the Dutch Burghers families as the colloquial language until the end of XIX century.
By the end of the British rule the Dutch Burgher community had lost its influence and privileges, and many Burghers emigrated to Australia and to Canada, especially after the declaration of Sinhala as the official language (1961) of the country by Solomon Bandaranaike.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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