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Encyclopedia > Burgenland Croatian language

Burgenland Croatian language or dialect (gradišćanskohrvatski jezik) belongs to the South Slavic branch of the Slavic languages. It is a regional language variant of the Croatian language spoken in Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. Burgenland Croatian is recognized as a minority language in the Austrian province of Burgenland where it is spoken by 19,412 people according to official reports (2001). In Austria, Burgenland Croatian speakers also live in Vienna and Graz. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... The Croatian language (Croatian: ) is a language of the western group of South Slavic languages which is used primarily by the Croats. ... A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a country. ... Burgenland (Hungarian Várvidék, Őrvidék or FelsÅ‘Å‘rvidék, Croatian Gradišće, Slovenian Gradiščansko) is the easternmost state or Land of Austria. ... Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 UN complex in Vienna, with the non-affiliated Austria Center Vienna in front - picture taken from Danube Tower in nearby Danube Park. ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ...


Smaller Croatian minorities in western Hungary, southwestern Slovakia and southern Czech Republic are often also called Burgenland Croats. They use the Burgenland Croatian written language and are historically and culturally closely connected to the Austrian Croats. The representatives of the Burgenland Croats estimate their total number in all three countries and emigration at around 70,000.

Contents

History

Burgenland Croatian was the language of Croatian refugees who fled Croatia during the Turkish Wars and settled in the western part of what was then Hungary, the area where they still live. Burgenland Croats included speakers of all three dialects of the Croatian language (Shtokavian, Chakavian and Kajkavian), with the majority being the Chakavians who originally stem from the northern Adriatic coast. Following the Battle of Mohács, in 1527 some of the Croatian (and Hungarian) nobles supported Ivan Zapolja, while some preferred suzerainty to the Austrian king Ferdinand of Habsburg. ... The Croatian language (Croatian: ) is a language of the western group of South Slavic languages which is used primarily by the Croats. ... Shtokavian (Štokavian, štokavski) is the primary dialect of the Central South Slavic languages system, Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian. ... Chakavian (Čakavian, čakavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ... Kajkavian (kajkavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ...


Burgenland Croats didn't take part in the shaping of the present Croatian standard language in the 19th century. Instead, they constructed their own written standard based mainly on the local Chakavian speech and adopted Croatian alphabet, a modified Latin alphabet, as their script. The Croatian alphabet is a modified and extended version of the Latin alphabet which is used in Croatian language. ...


It is still a matter of debate whether Burgenland Croatian should be classified as a Slavic micro-language of its own. Burgenland Croatian dialects are mostly viewed as isolated dialects of the Croatian language. The Croatian language (Croatian: ) is a language of the western group of South Slavic languages which is used primarily by the Croats. ...


Written language

Burgenland Croatian written language is based mainly on the local Chakavian speeches with some influences from the other Croatian dialects spoken in Burgenland. It uses the Latin alphabet with the same diacritical modifiers as the Croatian alphabet. In the course of language development it acquired some of its own specialised vocabulary, sometimes different from that used in the standard Croatian. Chakavian (Čakavian, čakavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... The Croatian alphabet is a modified and extended version of the Latin alphabet which is used in Croatian language. ...


Spoken language

Croats living in the south of Burgenland speak mainly Shtokavian, those in the central part Kajkavian, and in the north (close to Vienna) Chakavian. Shtokavian (Štokavian, štokavski) is the primary dialect of the Central South Slavic languages system, Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian. ... Kajkavian (kajkavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ... Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 UN complex in Vienna, with the non-affiliated Austria Center Vienna in front - picture taken from Danube Tower in nearby Danube Park. ... Chakavian (Čakavian, čakavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ...


External links

  • Burgenland Croatian Center in Vienna (English, Croatian and German)
  • Scientific Institute of the Burgenland Croats (Croatian and German)
  • Croatian Cultural and Documentation Center in Eisenstadt/Željezno (German)
Slavic languages
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West Slavic Czech | Kashubian | Knaanic † | Lower Sorbian | Pannonian Rusyn | Polabian † | Polish | Pomeranian † | Slovak | Slovincian † | Upper Sorbian
South Slavic Banat Bulgarian | Bulgarian | Church Slavic | Macedonian | Old Church Slavonic † | Serbo-Croatian (Bosnian, Bunjevac, Croatian, Montenegrin, Serbian) | Slavic (Greece) | Slovenian
Other Proto-Slavic † | Russenorsk † | Slavoserbian † | Slovio
Extinct

 
 

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