FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Bulldog" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Bulldog
Bulldog
Other names British Bulldog
Bulldog
Country of origin England
Traits

The Bulldog, colloquially known as the British Bulldog or English Bulldog, is a medium-size breed of dog that originated in England. Bulldog can refer to several different breeds of dog, including: Old English Bulldog (extinct) Olde English Bulldogge (modern recreation of above) British Bulldog Toy Bulldog (extinct) French Bulldog Alternatively, For the National Rugby League team, see Bulldogs (rugby league team) For the American Hockey League team, see Hamilton Bulldogs For... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) (English, World Canine Organization), is an international Kennel Club based in Thuin, Belgium. ... © The American Kennel Club (or AKC) is the largest registry of purebred dog pedigrees in the United States. ... The Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) is the peak body in Australia responsible for promoting excellence in breeding, showing, trialling, obedience, and other canine-related activities and the ownership of temperamentally and physically sound purebred dogs by responsible individuals across Australia. ... The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom is a club aiming to improve the relationships between dogs and their owners. ... The New Zealand Kennel Club is an organisation responsible for dog pedigree registration services in New Zealand. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Description

Appearance

Purebred 6 month-old puppy from AKC Champion bloodlines
Purebred 6 month-old puppy from AKC Champion bloodlines
Bulldog appearance

Build: Heavy musculature, thick-set neck and shoulders, low-slung body
Weight: 53-55 pounds (24-25kg.) within United Kingdom
Height: 11-14 inches
Coat: Short, smooth
Color: Red, fawn, brindle, pale yellow or washed-out red, or white, or any combination of these colors
Head: Thick, massive, short-faced, broad, with cheeks extending to sides of the eyes, skin on the skull and forehead falling in dense folds, muzzle short and pug, nose broad and black with large nostrils, upper lip pendent and lower jaw very undershot
Teeth: Large, strong
Eyes: Very round, far apart and very dark
Ears: Small and thin, folded back in the form of a rose
Tail: Short and carries low
Limbs: Stocky, set squarely
Feet: Moderate, compact, firmly set
Life span: Median 12 years

Its shape results in a peculiarly unusual gait, often called a "rolling gait". Bulldogs are known for their short muzzles and the saggy skin on their faces, creating the apparent "frown" that has become a trademark of the breed. Bulldogs come in a variety of colours and ideally have a smooth, short coat. The only disqualifier for the breed in the show ring is a liver colored nose, however a black-coated Bulldog is also not preferred. In the US, the size of a typical mature male is about 50 pounds; that for mature females is about 40 pounds. In the United Kingdom, the breed standard is 55 pounds for a male and 50 pounds for a female. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1552x1551, 1153 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bulldog Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1552x1551, 1153 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bulldog Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... © The American Kennel Club (or AKC) is the largest registry of purebred dog pedigrees in the United States. ...


Temperament and characteristics

A nine month old white female
A nine month old white female

The temperament of the Bulldog is generally docile, friendly and gregarious but are known to be fiercely loyal and occasionally willful. Breeders have worked to breed aggression out of the breed, and as such the dog is known to be of generally good temperament. Bulldogs can be so attached to home and family that they will not venture out of the yard without a human companion. Due to their friendly nature bulldogs are known for getting along well with children, other breeds of dog and any house-broken pet in general. Image File history File linksMetadata Bulldog_standing. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Bulldog_standing. ...


A bulldog is suitable for houses as well as apartments due to their size and comparative lack of energy, but puppies may be destructive until they reach maturity. They are easily trainable as compared with many other breeds. DO NOT be surprised if a bulldog becomes part of your couch and sleeps in your bed at night.


Health

A bulldog's skull - notice the characteristic underbite (technically called mandibular prognathism)
A bulldog's skull - notice the characteristic underbite (technically called mandibular prognathism)
Adult female bulldog with underbite
Adult female bulldog with underbite

The bulldog is prone to health issues. Breathing issues can be prevalent in the breed due to the shape of the "undershot" lower jaw and the shortness of muzzle- originally bred for gripping - bulldogs are known to snore. In the United Kingdom, some dogs can be prone to interstitial cysts, that is cysts which form between the toes. These cause the dog some discomfort, though they are treatable either by vet or an experienced owner. Other problems can include cherry eye, certain allergies, and amongst older bulldogs hip issues. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photograph myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photograph myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixels, file size: 2. ... Cherry Eye on an English Bulldog Puppy Close-up of a cherry eye Cherry eye is the term used to refer to canine nictitans gland prolapse, a common eye condition in various dog breeds where the gland of the third eyelid prolapses and becomes visible. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Bones of the Hip In anatomy, the hip is the bony projection of the femur, known as the greater trochanter, and the overlying muscle and fat. ...


Because of the large heads in proportion to body size, puppies are frequently delivered by Caesarean section as they can get stuck in the birth canal during natural birth, however it is not uncommon for a bulldog to whelp naturally and successfully. A caesarean section (AE cesarean section), or c-section, is a form of childbirth in which a surgical incision is made through a mothers abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies. ...


Bulldogs require daily cleaning of their face folds to avoid unwanted infections caused by moisture accumulation. Daily teeth brushing with a regular human soft toothbrush using a vet approved toothpaste is also recommended. Cleaning of the ears is also recommended.


Like all dogs, Bulldogs require daily exercise. If not properly exercised the bulldog could gain weight, which could cause health problems relating to the lungs and heart. Bulldogs are extremely sensitive to heat and cold and great care should be given to the dog during overly warm periods. During these times, the owner should ensure that the dog has plenty of shade, water and should be ideally kept out of standing heat. The term Exercise can refer to: Physical exercise such as running or strength training Exercise (options), the financial term for enacting and terminating a contract Category: ...


As the breed has developed, the tail in some dogs can be tight to the body and can cause infection if not treated or cleaned underneath regularly.


History

The term "bulldog" was first used around 1568[1] and might have been applied to various ancestors of modern bulldog breeds. Bulldogs were bred in England as a cross between the mastiff and the pug. Mastiff may refer to: Molosser, a group of several breeds of dog also known as Mastiffs. ... This article is about a dog breed. ...


In the 1600s, bulldogs were used for bullbaiting (as well as bearbaiting), a wagering sport popular in the 17th century in which trained bulldogs leapt at a bull lashed to a post, latched onto its snout and attempted to suffocate it.[2] Bulldogs have many distinct characteristics that were breed into them so they would be better suited to bullbaiting. The bulldog's body is short and stout, allowing it to be able to crawl low over to the bull. The lower jaw sticks out further than the top one allowing the bulldog to grip on the nose of the animal and still be able to breathe due to the lay-back of the nose. The wrinkles on the bulldogs face allow the blood from the other animal to run down the bulldogs face instead of going into its eyes. The bulldog would also take the bull by the legs and flip the bull on its back. Bull-baiting was a popular amusement, particularly in 17th and 18th-century England, in which trained bulldogs attacked a tethered bull. ...


The oldest single breed specialty club is The Bulldog Club (England), which was formed in 1875. Members of this club met frequently at the Blue Post pub on Oxford Street in London. There they wrote the first standard of perfection for the breed. In 1891 the two top bulldogs, Orry and Dockleaf, competed in a contest to see which dog could walk the farthest. Orry was reminiscent of the original bulldogs — lighter boned and very athletic. Dockleaf was smaller and heavier set — more like modern bulldogs. Dockleaf was declared the winner that year. Although some argued that the older version of the bulldog was more fit to perform, the modern version’s looks won over the fans of the breed because they proved they were equally as fit and athletic in the walking competition.


Recently, many people have tried to recreate a breed more akin to the original bullbaiter. Examples of the trend are the Olde English Bulldogge, Renascence Bulldogge, Victorian, Continental and Dorset Old Tyme Bulldog. The American Kennel Club does not recognize any of these newly "recreated" breeds of dogs. The Olde English Bulldogge is a breed of dog. ... Renascence Bulldogge is a breed of dog. ... © The American Kennel Club (or AKC) is the largest registry of purebred dog pedigrees in the United States. ...


Popular mascot

Because of its tenacity, the bulldog is a symbol of the United Kingdom and is a popular mascot of dozens of American universities, as well as numerous high schools throughout the United States of America. Because of their tenacity, the Bulldog is the symbol of the United Kingdom and is popular as the mascot of universities, military institutions, and other organizations, including: // Albuquerque High School; Albuquerque, NM Andalusia High School; Andalusia, AL Bettendorf High School; Bettendorf, IA Ottumwa High School; Ottumwa, IA Winston Churchill High... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ...


It is commonly accepted that Handsome Dan, the Bulldog mascot for Yale University, is the oldest-running traditional live mascot in the United States, since some incarnation of Handsome Dan has served at Yale for more than a century.[citation needed] Yale logo featuring stylized profile of Handsome Dan Handsome Dan is the mascot of Yale Universitys athletic teams, a bulldog. ... Yale redirects here. ...


A bulldog named Chesty is the official mascot of the United States Marine Corps. The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ...


References

  1. ^ (2003) Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary 11th edition. 
  2. ^ Fogle, Bruce (2000). The New Encyclopedia of the Dog. Doring Kindersley (DK). ISBN 0-7894-6130-7. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bulldog
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Bulldog

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

Breed clubs by country

Country Club Name
Australia Northern Bulldog Club of New South Wales
Brazil Bulldog Club of Brazil
Canada Bulldog Club of Central Canada
South Africa - Pretoria Millennium Bulldog Club of Pretoria
South Africa - Cape Town The Cape Bulldog Club
United Kingdom The Bulldog Club
United States The Bulldog Club of America

The Bulldog Club of Texas

Bulldog rescue

Country Rescue
Canada - Ontario Ontario English Bulldog Rescue
Canada - BC and Alberta Cascade Bulldog Rescue
United Kingdom The Bulldog Rescue and Rehoming Trust
United States - National The Bulldog Club of America Rescue Network
United States - California Southern California Bulldog Rescue
United States - Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Alaska Cascade Bulldog Rescue
United States - Texas South East Texas Bulldog Rescue

Lone Star Bulldog Rescue

United States - E Tennessee, SE KY, W KY, N GA, NW AL Smokey Mountains Bulldog Rescue
United States - New Jersey HeavenSent Bulldog Rescue
United States - New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware & Maryland MidAtlantic Bulldog Rescue
United States - New York and Long Island Long Island Bulldog Rescue
United States - South Florida Buddies Through Bullies
United States - Washington D.C., Va., Md., NC, SC On the Rebound Bulldog Rescue

Health and care

Breed history

General bulldog information


  Results from FactBites:
 
Urban Dictionary: bulldogging (350 words)
It's when one peson jumps off a horse and grabs the steers horns and tries to get all the steers legs off the ground for a spit decond, and it goes a little like this: There are two horses and a steer.
Bulldogging is where groups of people meet for private wrestling matches (or pulls as they're known).
There are worked matches (work it as you go along and pre-decide a winner), Legal matches which are matches without a script and cottage matches which involve a toilet.
Bill Pickett, Inventor of bulldogging, Rodeo Cowboy Hall of Famer, and America's first black cowboy star. (907 words)
Like a lot of what used to be strictly ranch activities, bulldogging has become a rodeo sport.
The most popular version, especially locally, has the defining moment taking place in Rockdale in 1903 when an unruly Longhorn steer tried Pickett's patience to the point where he did something drastic; he rode his horse alongside the ornery Longhorn then jumped off his horse onto the back of the steer and grabbed its horns.
Hinkle told Scarbrough that Pickett told him he first bulldogged for real when an angry cow tried to gore his horse Chico.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m