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Encyclopedia > Bulgarian dances

Bulgarian folk dances are intimately related to the music of Bulgaria. Bulgarian music is part of the Balkan tradition, which stretches across Southeastern Europe, and has its own distinctive sound. ...


A distinctive feature of Balkan folk music is the asymmetrical meters, built up around various combinations of 'quick' and 'slow' beats; as for the music, in Western music notation, this is often described using compound meter notation, where the notational meter accents, i.e., the heard beats, can be of different lengths, usually 1, 2, 3, or 4. One should, however, be aware that this is just the use of an incomplete musical notation, as frequently in actual play, the proportions of these beats do not follow any exact rational proportions. For example, the well known tune, Eleno Mome (Елено Моме), exists written in 7=2+2+1+2, 13=4+4+2+3, and 12=3+4+2+3 times. Here, the forms 4+4+2+3 and 3+4+2+3 exist both as a musicologist's way to attempt to indicate the tendency of speeding up the last and first beats, as well in formal version, where the musician plays 3 or 4 about equal length notes on the beat. In music band playing, the meter 7=2+2+1+2 seems favored, thus skipping some of the time-bending subtleties. Given this fact, though, some meters are more common or popular; but there is a wide variation of less frequent combinations, as well. There is also disagreement about whether one should use 1/8 or 1/16 as meter denominator, but this is just a notational convenience. In the list below, the denominator follows in part notational practice of the region, and in part the speed of the type of tune, giving the 1/4 note a reasonable number of beats per minute (as on a metronome). ... Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... In music, compound metre or compound time is a time signature or meter in which each beat (or rather, portion, 1/2 or 1/3 of a measure) is divided into three parts, as opposed to two which is simple meter. ...


Folk dancers often speak in terms of "quick" and "slow" instead of a steady meter "1, 2, 3," etc. These dance rhythms may not agree with the rhythms and meters performed by the musicians. For example, a kopanitsa dance rhythm may be described as slow-slow-quick-quick, whereas the tune may be played in what may be written as (2+2)+(2+1)+(2+2), i.e., an 11 time with primary accent at 1, secondary accents at 5 and 8, and ternary accents at 3, 7, and 10; the dancers thus dance to a meter composition 4+3+2+2, which may also be played by the musicians, e.g., in Traichovo horo (Трайчово хоро). In addition, some tunes may have considerable time bends, such as the Macedonian Žensko Beranče and Bajrače, though viewed as and written in 3+2+2+3+2. Therefore, in dance instruction, quick and slow beat descriptions, in combination with intuition and careful listening, may be a good approach, though not suitable for performing and notating the music. In addition, a dance instructor not familiar with the exact musical rhythms should not demonstrate these dance rhythms without music: better use a slowed-down playback, lest the dancers might become confused at full speed.

Contents

List of Bulgarian folk dances

Following is a list of some Bulgarian folk dances, along with their commonly written rhythms and time signatures. Since the transliteration of Bulgarian is problematic, the official Bulgarian transliteration is used, which can be checked at Transliteration of proper names in Bulgaria, followed within parenthesizes by the Bulgarian name and, after a semicolon, (for searchability) alternative transliterations. Following a Bulgarian sheet music practice, more complex meters generally appear later in the list. Folk dancers in Prague Folk dance is a term used to describe a large number of dances, mostly of European origin, that tend to share the following attributes: They were originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not currently copyrighted); Their performance is... Romanization of Bulgarian is the transliteration of text in the Bulgarian language from the Cyrillic alphabet into the Latin alphabet. ...

  • Trite pati (Трите пъти; Trite puti, Trite pâti) (2/4), line dance with rapid feet movement; step rhythm quick-quick-slow = 1+1+2.
  • Pravo horo (Право хоро) (2/4 with frequent triplets), a common line dance.
  • Shopsko horo (Шопско хоро; Shopp horo, Chope dance, Šop dance) (2/4), men's dance, often accompanied with bagpipes and drums.
  • Paydushko horo (Пайдушко хоро; Paidushko horo, Pajduško horo, Pajduška horo, Payduska horo, Baiduska horo) (2+3; 5/16), men's dance.
  • Chetvorno horo (Четворно хоро; Četvorno horo) (3+2+2 or 3+4; 7/16).
  • Rachenitsa (Ръченица; Ruchenitsa, Râčenica) (2+2+3 or 4+3; 7/16), quick-quick-slow, single or couple dance.
  • Daychovo horo (Дайчово хopo; Daichovo horo, Dajčovo horo) (4+2+3 or 2+2+2+3; 9/16), a circle dance where a leader calls what formations/variations the circle should do next.
  • Elenino horo (Еленино хоро), Eleno Mome (Елено Моме) (2+2+1+2, 4+4+2+3, 3+4+2+3; 7/8, 13/16, 12/16), a line dance. Smithsonian recording, performed metric beat proportions about 4+4+2+3.5.
  • Petrunino horo (Петрунино хоро) (2+2+1+2, 4+4+2+3, 3+4+2+3; 7/8, 13/16, 12/16)
  • Gankino horo (Ганкино хоро) or Kopanitsa (Копаница; Kopanica) (4+3+4 or 2+2+3+2+2; 11/16), line dances.
  • Acano mlada nevesto (slow, slower, quick, quick: 3+2+2+2+2 or 3+4+2+2; 11/8), a Macedonian song; line dance.
  • Krivo plovdivsko horo (Криво пловдивско хоро) (2+2+2+3+2+2; 13/16), listen.
  • Buchimish (Бучимиш; Bučimiš) (2+2+2+2+3+2+2; 15/16), a line dance.
  • Yove male mome (Йове мале моме; Jove male mome, Jove malaj mome), also called Povela e Yova (Повела е Йова) (7+11; 7/16+11/16 or 18/16)
  • Sandansko horo (Санданско хоро) (2+2+2+3+2+2+2+3+2+2; 22/16)
  • Sedi Donka (Седи Донка), also called Plovdivsko horo (Пловдивско хоро) (7+7+11, where 7=3+2+2 and 11=2+2+3+2+2; 7/16+7/16+11/16 or 25/16)

Paidushko horo is a quick Bulgarian folk dance in 5 beats (with the beats divided 2-3). ... Daichovo horo (Bulgarian: ) is a Bulgarian folk dance. ... Gankino horo (Ганкино хоро), “Ganka’s dance”, is a Bulgarian folk dance written in 11 = 2+2+3+2+2 time (typically 11/16 or 11/8) similar to kopanitsa or krivo horo. ... Kopanitsa is a common name for a type of lively folk dance in Western Bulgaria in 11/16 metre (QQSQQ) counted here as 1-2, 1-2, 1-2-3, 1-2, 1-2. ... Yove male mome (Bulgarian: Йове мале моме; Jove male mome, Jove malaj mome), also called Povela e Yova (Повела е Йова), is a fast Bulgarian folk dance. ...

Details on Bulgarian dances

Yove male mome and Sedi Donka can be thought of as a compound of common 7 (chetvorno) and 11 (kopanitsa) meters, but it is more unclear what Sandansko horo should be; thinking of it as a compound 9+9+4, where 9 is the daychovo rhythm, seems natural. A rachenitsa can, in slower tempo, have a distinctive 2+2+3 rhythm, but in a quicker pace, it may only be perceived as a 4+3; this character can also change within the same tune. Thus, even though these are well known rhythmic patterns, one may not arrive at an unambiguous meter interpretation, the way listeners of Western music are used to. Jove Malaj Mome (Bulgarian: Йове Мале Моме) is a fast Bulgarian folk dance. ...


Many of the dances are formed by each person holding the belt or sash of the dancer on either side. These belts are typically fit loosely around the waist so that each person can move easily within the belt, while the overall line can stay together. Although there are basic steps that make up the dance, certain people may improvise variations, sometimes forming a competition between the dancers. These variations must result in the same movement as the rest of the line, but may consist of additional or slightly different steps.


For example, the basic paydushko horo dance consists of a series of four hop-steps (actually, lift-steps) to the right, followed by a series of four steps to the left where the right foot crosses in front of the left foot on the quick beat, then weight is transferred onto the right foot, which pushes the dancer to the left on the slow beat. Finally the line moves backwards using four hop-steps, and the dance is repeated. Variations might consist of alternating the right foot in front of and behind the left foot, forming a basic grapevine dance step. Another variation might be that instead of hop-steps backwards, a dancer might use a series of scissor steps and end with a pas-de-bas step. Paidushko horo is a bulgarian folk dance with an irregular meter: 2+3/8. ... Grapevine is the name of a dance figure, which may look different in different ballroom, club, and folk dances, but shares a common appearance: it includes side steps and steps across the support foot. ...


References

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Bulgarian dances
  1. Манол Тодоров, Българска народна музика, Музика, София (1976).
  2. Manol Todorov <http://www.balkanfolk.com/catalogue_Manol_TODOROV__Univ._prof._-_Ethnomusicologue>.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ...

See also

This is a list of ethnic, folk, traditional, regional, or otherwise traditionally assiciated with a particular ethnicity, dances , grouped by ethnicity, country or region. ...

External links


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