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Encyclopedia > Bulgarian Jewry

Jews have lived in Bulgaria for hundreds of years. Bulgaria is renowned for having rescued all of the 50,000 Jews living inside its borders during World War II, and, more specifically, the Holocaust. This was exceptional for a country situated in the Balkan Peninsula at the time, as the governments of many other countries in the region, such as Croatia, assisted the Nazis in their program of deportation and extermination. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... This article is becoming very long. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Deportation is the expelling of someone from a country. ... In a February 26, 1942 letter to German diplomat Martin Luther, Reinhard Heydrich follows up on the Wannsee Conference by asking Luther for administrative assistance in the implementation of the Endlösung der Judenfrage (Final Solution of the Jewish Question). ...

After the war, roughly 90% of Bulgaria's Jewish population emigrated to Israel. The fact that Bulgaria's post-WWII Communist government classed Jews as a nationality rather than a religion meant that until recently, the population was largely secular. Today, 4,000 Jews live in Bulgaria, making up 0.1% of the population. Two-thirds of Bulgaria's Jews live in Sofia, where there have been synagogues since the 10th century. Jews today are well integrated in Bulgarian society. The former foreign minister of Bulgaria Solomon Passy is Jewish. This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population    - City (12 June 2006) 1,203,680  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,326,377 Time zone EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3) Website... The Sofia Synagogue The Sofia Synagogue (Bulgarian: Софийска синагога, Sofiyska synagoga) is the largest synagogue in the Balkans, one of two functioning in Bulgaria and one of the largest in Europe. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Solomon Passy (Bulgarian: Соломон Паси) (born December 22, 1956) is a Bulgarian politician, founder of the Atlantic Club in Bulgaria. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...


  • Bulgarian Soup Kitchens
  • Religions in Bulgaria
  • Bulgarian population

See also

Dimitar Peshev (Bulgarian: ) (25 June 1894 - 25 February 1973) was the Bulgarian Parliament Deputy Speaker and Minister of Justice during World War II. He rebelled against the pro-Nazi cabinet and prevented the deportation of Bulgarias 48,000 Jews. ...

Further reading

  • Avraham Ben-Yakov, Encyclopaedia of the Holocaust vol. 1, pp. 263-272 (map, illus.)
  • Frederick B. Chary, The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution 1940-1944. University of Pittsburg Press, 1972. ISBN 0-8229-3251-2



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