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Encyclopedia > Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Logo of Bulgarian Academy of Sceinces, depicting its main building

The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (abbreviated BAS, in Bulgarian: Balgarska akademia na naukite, abbreviated BAN) is the National Academy of Bulgaria, established in 1869. The Academy is autonomous and has a Society of Academicians, Correspondent Members and Foreign Members. It publishes and circulates different scientific works, encyclopedias, dictionaries and journals, and runs it own publishing house. A national academy is a body, usually operating with state financial support and approval, that co-ordinates the activities of research in (nearly always) the sciences and (sometimes) other disciplines. ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Current president is Acad. Ivan Juchnovski.



The Bulgarian Learned Society was founded on September 26, 1869 in Braila, present-day Romania. The first Statues accepted were: Brăila is a city in Muntenia, eastern Romania, a port on the Danube and the capital of the Braila county, in the close vecinity of Spanish Libro de conoscimiento (Book of knowledge). This may have been an erroneous transcription of Brillago. ...

Board of Trustees

  • Nikolai Tsenov – President
  • Vasilaki Mihailidi
  • Petraki Simov
  • Kostaki Popovich
  • Stefan Beron

Acting members:

  • Marin Drinov (1838-1906) – Chairman
  • Vassil Drumev (1840-1901) – Member
  • Vasil D. Stoyanov (1839-1910) – Secretary

The following year, the Learned Society began issuing the Periodical Journal, its official publication, and in 1871 elected its first honorary member - Gavril Krastevich. 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

In 1878, shortly after Bulgaria's liberation from Ottoman rule, the General Assembly voted to move the seat of the Society from Braila to Sofia, and on March 1, 1893 the BLS moved into its own building, right next to where the Bulgarian Parliemant is seated. 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The city of Sofia (Bulgarian: София), at the foot of the Vitosha mountain, has a population of 1,208,930 (2003), and is the biggest city and capital of the Republic of Bulgaria. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

The Bulgarian Learned Society adopted its present-day name in 1911, and Ivan Geshov became the Academy's first president. The BAS became a member of the Union of Slavonic Academies and Scientific Communities in 1913, and was accepted as member of the International Council of Scientific Unions in 1931. 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The International Council for Science (ICSU), formerly called the International Council of Scientific Unions, was founded in 1931 as an international non-governmental organization devoted to international co-operation in the advancement of science. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The BAS has 9 main sections, more broadly united under three main branches: Natural, mathematical and engineering sciences, Biological, medical and agrarian sciences and Social sciences, humanities and art. Each consists of independent scientific institutes, laboratories and other sections.

Mathematical Sceinces

  • Institute of Mathematics and Informatics (http://www.math.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Mechanics (http://www.imbm.bas.bg/)
  • Institute for Parallel Processing (http://www.bas.bg/clpp/index.html)
  • National Laboratory of Computer Virology (http://www.nlcv.bas.bg/)

Physical Sceinces

  • Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (http://www.inrne.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Solid State Physics (http://www.issp.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Electronics (http://ie-bas.dir.bg/)
  • Institute of Astronomy (http://www.astro.bas.bg/)
  • National Astronomical Observatory - Rozhen (http://www.astro.bas.bg/rozhen.html)
  • Astronomical Observatory Belogradchik (http://www.astro.bas.bg/~aobel)
  • Central Laboratory of Solar Energy and New Energy Sources (http://www.senes.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory for Applied Physics - Plovdiv (http://www.bas.bg/plovdiv)
  • Central Laboratory of Optical Storage and Processing of Information (http://www.optics.bas.bg/)

Chemical Sceinces

  • Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry (http://www.igic.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Organic Chemistry with a Center of Phyto-Chemistry (http://www.orgchm.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Physical Chemistry (http://www.ipc.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Catalysis (http://ic.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory of Electrochemical Power Sources (http://www.bas.bg/cleps)
  • Institute of Chemical Engineering (http://www.bas.bg/iceng/index.html)
  • Central Laboratory of Photoprocesses (http://www.clf.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Polymers (http://www.polymer.bas.bg/)

Biological Sceinces

  • Institute of Molecular Biology (http://www.bio21.bas.bg/imb)
  • Institute of Genetics (http://ig.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Physiology (http://www.bio.bas.bg/iph)
  • Institute of Plant Physiology (http://www.bio21.bas.bg/ipp)
  • Institute of Microbiology (http://www.microbio.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Experimental Morphology and Anthropology (http://www.iema.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Botany (http://www.bio.bas.bg/botany)
  • Institute of Zoology (http://www.zoology.bas.bg/)
  • Forest Research Institute (http://www.bulnet.com/forestin/)
  • Institute of Experimental Pathology and Parasitology (http://www.iepp.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Biology and Immunology of Reproduction (http://ibir.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Biophysics (http://www.bio21.bas.bg/ibf)
  • National Museum of Natural History (http://www.nmnh.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering (http://www.clbme.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory of General Ecology (http://www.ecolab.bas.bg/)

Earth Sceinces

  • Geological Institute (http://www.geology.bas.bg/)
  • Geophysical Institute (http://www.geophys.bas.bg/)
  • National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (http://www.meteo.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory for Geodesy (http://www.clg.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory of Mineralogy and Crystallography (http://www.clmc.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Oceanology (http://www.io-bas.bg/)
  • Geographical Institute (http://geograph.bas.bg/)
  • Space Research Institute (http://www.space.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory of Solar - Terrestrial Influences (http://www.stil.acad.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory for Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering (http://clsmee.geophys.bas.bg/)
  • Ihttp://www.iwp.bas.bg/ nstitute of Water Problems]

Engineering Sceinces

  • Institute of Metal Science (http://www.ims.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory of Physico-Chemical Mechanics (http://www.clphchm.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Computer and Communication Systems (http://www.iccs.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Information Technologies (http://www.iinf.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Control and System Research (http://www.icsr.bas.bg/)
  • Central Laboratory of Mechatronics and Instrumentation (http://www.bas.bg/clmi/)
  • Bulgarian Ship Hydrodynamics Centre (http://www.bshc.bg/)


  • Institute of Bulgarian Language (http://www.ibl.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Literature (http://www.ilit.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of History (http://www.ihist.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Thracology (http://thracol.webbg.com/)
  • Institute of Archeology with Museum (http://www.palata5.com/aim)
  • Institute of Balkan Studies (http://www.cl.bas.bg/Balkan-Studies/default.htm)
  • Ethnographic Institute with Museum (http://hs41.iccs.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Art Studies (http://www.arts.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Folklore Studies (http://www.ipsyh.bas.bg/ifolk)
  • Cyrillo Methodian Research Center (http://kmnc.bas.bg/)
  • Center for Architectural Studies (http://www.bas.bg/arch)

Social Sciences

  • Institute of Sociology (http://www.cl.bas.bg/sociology)
  • Institute of Legal Studies (http://ipn.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Economics (http://www.iki.bas.bg/)
  • Center for Science Studies and History of Science (http://www.bas.bg/csshs/index.htm)
  • Institute of Psychology (http://www.philosophybulgaria.org/)
  • Institute of Demography (http://cps.bas.bg/)
  • Institute of Philosophical Studies (http://www.philosophybulgaria.org/)

Specialized and Supporting Units

  • Central Administration of BAS (http://www.cl.bas.bg/)
  • Central Library of BAS (http://www.cl.bas.bg/)
  • Scientific Archives of BAS (http://archiv.cl.bas.bg/)
  • Sofia Sky Archive Data Center (http://www.skyarchive.org/SSADC/)
  • Academic Publishing House "Prof. Marin Drinov" (http://m-drinov.bas.bg/)
  • Botanical Garden (http://www.cu.bas.bg/garden/)
  • National Centre on Nanosciences and Nanotechnology (http://www.bas.bg/nano/)
  • Bulgarian Encyclopedia Scientific Information Center (http://www.encyclopedia.bg/)
  • Social - Utility Service (http://www.bas.bg/pdelo/)
  • Center for National Security Research (http://www.icsr.bas.bg/cnsdr/)
  • Research Development and Implementation Association "Scientific Instrumentation" (http://nponp.phys.bas.bg/eng/ban_sofia_eng.html)
  • Laboratory of Telematics (http://www.cc.bas.bg/)
  • Ph.D. Research Career Development Center (http://phd.cl.bas.bg/)

External links

Official website (http://www.bas.bg/index-en.html)

  Results from FactBites:
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (774 words)
The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences was founded as the Bulgarian Learned Society in September 1869 by Bulgarian exiles in the house of Varvara Hadzhi Veleva in Braila, Romania.
the issues of the structure, personnel and administrative bodies of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences as well as the rest of all the organisational matters are to be arranged by the Statutes approved by the Council of Ministers and sanctioned with a Decree of the Presidium of the National Assembly.
As third and final example we mention that in 1980 the Centre for Mathematics and Mechanics of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences organised a conference on mathematical logic dedicated to the memory of A A Markov (1903-1979).
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (2351 words)
The recent changes of the society and state’s attitude towards science and scientific research in Bulgaria in the beginning of the 21st century determine the necessity of a new and clear formulation of the strategic objectives and priorities of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
The mission of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences is to contribute to the development of world science in accordance with the human values, national traditions and interests and to assist the accumulation of the spiritual values of the nation and its welfare.
In pursuit of this policy the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences intends to accomplish a number of tangible initiatives, which are in full compliance with the provisions of EU framework programmes and with the main idea of the currently developing European Research Area, which is expected to bring maximum added value in Europe.
  More results at FactBites »



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