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Encyclopedia > Bulat Okudzhava
The album of songs from the movies shows an iconic image of Bulat Okudzhava

Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava (also transliterated as Boulat Okudjava/Okoudjava/Okoudzhava; Russian: Булат Шалвович Окуджава, Georgian: ბულატ ოკუჯავა) (May 9, 1924June 12, 1997) was one of the founders of the Russian genre called "author's song" (авторская песня, avtorskaya pesnya). He was of Georgian origin, born in Moscow and died in Paris. He was the author of about 200 songs, set to his own poetry. His songs are a mixture of Russian poetic and folksong traditions and the French chansonnier style represented by such contemporaries of Okudzhava as Georges Brassens. Though his songs were never overtly political (in contrast to those of some of his fellow "bards"), the freshness and independence of Okudzhava's artistic voice presented a subtle challenge to Soviet cultural authorities, who were thus hesitant for many years to give official sanction to Okudzhava as a singer-songwriter. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The term bard (бард) came to be used in the Soviet Union in the early 1960s (and continues to be used in Russia today) for singer-songwriters who wrote songs outside the Soviet establishment. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Canadian singer-songwriter Dayna Manning. ... Georges Brassens (French IPA: ) (October 22, 1921 - October 29, 1981) was a French acoustic singer and songwriter. ... Bulat Okudzhava, a pioneer of the Bard genre For other meanings of the word, see Bard (disambiguation). ...


Life

Bulat Okudzhava was born in Moscow on 9 May 1924 into a family of communists who had come from Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, for study and work connected with the Communist Party. The son of a Georgian father and an Armenian mother, Bulat Okudzhava spoke and wrote only in Russian. This was because his mother, who spoke Georgian, Azeri, and, of course, Armenian, had always requested that everyone who came to visit her house "Please, speak the language of Lenin - Russian." His father, a high Communist Party member from Georgia, was arrested in 1937 during the Great Purge and executed as a German spy on the basis of a false accusation. His mother was also arrested and spent 18 years in the prison camps of the Gulag (1937-1955). Bulat Okudzhava returned to Tbilisi and lived there with relatives. For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza, acronym: КПСС (KPSS)) was the ruling political party in the Soviet Union. ... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a... In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Great Purge (Russian: , transliterated Bolshaya chistka) is the name given to campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin during the late 1930s. ... Gulag ( , Russian: ) was the government body responsible for administering prison camps across the former Soviet Union. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...

House-museum of Okudzhava in Peredelkino.
House-museum of Okudzhava in Peredelkino.

In 1941, at the age of 17, one year before his scheduled school graduation, he volunteered for the Red Army infantry and from 1942 participated in the war with Nazi Germany. With the end of the Second World War, after his discharge from the service in 1945, he returned to Tbilisi where he passed his high school graduation tests and enrolled in Tbilisi State University, graduating in 1950. After graduating, he worked as a teacher - first in a rural school in the village of Shamordino in Kaluga district, and later in the city of Kaluga itself. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... House-museum of Boris Pasternak in Peredelkino Peredelkino is a dacha complex situated just to the south-west of Moscow. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image:TSU2. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kaluga Oblast (Russian: ) (29,900 km², pop. ... Konstantin Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga, built in 1967 Kaluga (Калу́га in Russian) is a city in central Russia on the Oka River 188 km southwest of Moscow, administrative center of Kaluga Oblast. ...


In 1956, three years after the death of Stalin, Okudzhava returned to Moscow, where he worked first as an editor in the publishing house Molodaya Gvardiya ("Young Guard"), and later as the head of the poetry division at the most prominent national literary weekly in the former USSR, Literaturnaya Gazeta ("Literary Gazette"). It was then, in the middle of the 1950s, that he began to compose songs and to perform them, accompanying himself on a Russian guitar. Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Young Guard may refer to one of the following The Young Guard (Napoleon), a French elite military unit during the time of Napoleon Bonaparte. ... Literaturnaya Gazeta (Literary Newspaper, Russian: ) is an influential weekly cultural and political newspaper published in Russia. ... The Russian guitar, a seven-string acoustic guitar tuned to the Open G tuning, arrived in the beginning of the 19th century in Russia, most probably as a development of the kobza and the baroque lute. ...


Soon he was giving concerts. He only employed a few chords and had no formal training in music, but he possessed an exceptional melodic gift, and the intelligent lyrics of his songs blended perfectly with his music and his voice. His songs were praised by his friends, and amateur recordings were made. These unofficial recordings were widely copied (as so-called magnitizdat) and spread across the country (and in Poland), where other young people picked up guitars and started singing the songs for themselves. In 1969, his lyrics appeared in the classic Soviet film White Sun of the Desert. Typical fingering for a second inversion C major chord on a guitar. ... Magnitizdat (in Russian магнитиздат) is a term used to describe the process of re-copying and self distributing live audio tape recordings in the Soviet Union that were not available commercially. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... White Sun of the Desert (Russian: ) (1969), a classic Eastern or Ostern film of the Soviet Union. ...

The Arbat Monument
The Arbat Monument

Though Okudzhava's songs were not published by any official media organization until the late 1970s, they quickly achieved enormous popularity (especially among the intelligentsia) - mainly in the USSR at first, but soon among Russian-speakers in other countries as well. Vladimir Nabokov, for example, cited his Sentimental March in the novel Ada or Ardor. Download high resolution version (1436x1868, 1598 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1436x1868, 1598 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Melnikov House (1929), just a few steps away from the Arbat. ... The notion of an intellectual elite as a distinguished social stratum can be traced far back in history. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov published in 1969. ...


Okudzhava, however, regarded himself primarily as a poet and claimed that his musical recordings were insignificant. During the 1980s, he also published a great deal of prose (his novel The Show is Over won him the Russian Booker Prize in 1994). By the 1980s, recordings of Okudzhava performing his songs finally began to be officially released in the Soviet Union, and many volumes of his poetry appeared separately. In 1991, he was awarded the USSR State Prize. The Booker-Open Russia Literary Prize, sometimes known as the Russian Booker Prize, is a Russian literary award modelled after the Booker Prize and inaugurated in 1992. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Stalin Prize medal State Prize medal The USSR State Prize (Russian:Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР) was the Soviet Unions highest civilian honour. ...


Okudzhava died in Paris on 12 June 1997, and is buried in the Vagankovo Cemetery in Moscow. A monument marks the building at 43 Arbat Street where he lived. His dacha in Peredelkino is open to the public as a museum. is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Tombstone of Vladimir Vysotsky. ... Melnikov House (1929), just a few steps away from the Arbat. ... Dacha of Boris Pasternak in Peredelkino. ... House-museum of Boris Pasternak in Peredelkino Peredelkino is a dacha complex situated just to the south-west of Moscow. ...


Quotes

"The composers hated me. The singers detested me. The guitarists were terrified by me." -- Bulat Okudzhava


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
ex-Soviet Union Music: Bulat Okudzhava (715 words)
Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava was one of the founders of the Russian genre called "author's song" (avtorskaya pesnya).
Bulat Okudzhava was born in Moscow on 9 May 1924 into a family of communists who had come from Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, for study and work connected with the Communist Party.
Okudzhava died in Paris on 12 June 1997, and is buried in the Vagankovo Cemetery in Moscow.
Bulat Okudzhava at AllExperts (809 words)
Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava (or Boulat Okudjava/Okoudjava/Okoudzhava;, Georgian: ბულატ ოკუჯავას) (May 9, 1924 - June 12, 1997) was one of the founders of the Russian genre called "author's song" (авторская песня, avtorskaya pesnya).
Bulat Okudzhava was born in Moscow on 9 May 1924 into a family of communists who had come from Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, for study and work connected with the Communist Party.
Okudzhava died in Paris on 12 June 1997, and is buried in the Vagankovo Cemetery in Moscow.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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