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Encyclopedia > Bukhori
Bukhori (בוכורי)
Spoken in: Israel, Uzbekistan, United States, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
Region: Middle East
Total speakers: ~60,000
Ranking: not in top 100
Genetic classification: Indo-European
 Indo-Iranian
  Iranian
   Western
    Southwestern
     Persian
      Bukhori
Official status
Official language of: ---
Regulated by: ---
Language codes
ISO 639-1
ISO 639-2 ira
SIL BHH
See also: LanguageList of languages

Bukhori, also known as Bukharic or Bukharan, is an Indo-Iranian language. A more descriptive name for the language might be Judæo-Tajiki Persian or Judæo-Tajik. It is the primary traditional language of the Bukharan Jews. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... This page attempts to present a list of languages by total native speakers. ... Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Indo-European languages include some 443 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Indo-Iranian languages (also called Aryan languages) are the eastern-most group of the living Indo-European languages. ... Persian (فارسی), (local name in Iran and Afghanistan: Fârsi), Pârsi (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (Another local name in Afghanistan), is a language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Bahrain and Uzbekistan. ... ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ... SIL International is a non-profit, faith-based, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. ... This list of languages is alphabetical by English name. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Indo-Iranian languages (also called Aryan languages) are the eastern-most group of the living Indo-European languages. ... This article or section should be merged with Tajik language Tajiki-Persian, Tajiki or Tadjiki (Tajiki-Persian: Тоҷикӣ, Tojik , Persian تاجیكی Tajiki) is a dialect of Persian. ... Background The Bukharian Jews trace their ancestry to an Israelite tribe that never came back from the Babylonian captivity after exile in the 7th century BCE. In Central Asia, they survived for centuries subject to many conquering influences. ...


Bukhori is based on a substrate of classical Persian, with a large number of Hebrew loanwords, as well as smaller numbers of loanwords from other surrounding languages, including Uzbek and Russian. Despite its long history, still has a great deal of mutual intelligibility with Tajik, and shares many similar features with Dzhidi. Persian (فارسی), (local name in Iran and Afghanistan: Fârsi), Pârsi (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (Another local name in Afghanistan), is a language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Bahrain and Uzbekistan. ... The Modern Hebrew language is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ... A loanword (or a borrowing) is a word taken in by one language from another. ... Dzhidi, or Judæo-Persian, is the Jewish language spoken by the Jews living in Persia. ...


Today, the language is spoken by approximately 10,000 Jews remaining in Uzbekistan, although most of its speakers reside elsewhere, predominantly in Israel (approx. 50,000 speakers), and the United States.


Like most Jewish languages, Bukhori is written using the Hebrew alphabet. The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ...

Main: Jewish languages
Hebrew
Biblical · Mishnaic
Ashkenazi · Sephardi
Yemenite · Sanaani
Tiberian · Mizrahi
Aramaic
Bijil Neo-Aramaic · Hulaulá
Lishana Deni · Lishan Didan
Lishanid Noshan
Other Afro-Asiatic
Judæo-Arabic · Judæo-Berber
Kayla · Kaïliña
Yiddish
National Yiddish Book Center
Yiddish Typewriter
Yiddish Theater
Yeshivish · Yinglish
Judæo-Romance languages
Catalanic · Italkian
Ladino · Judæo-Latin
Shuadit · Zarphatic
Judæo-Portuguese
Other Indo-European
Yevanic · Knaanic
Bukhori · Juhuri
Judæo-Hamedani · Dzhidi
Altaic
Krymchak · Karaim
Dravidian
Judæo-Malayalam
Kartvelic
Gruzinic

Download high resolution version (1024x1180, 21 KB)Created from Image:Wikipedia blue star of david. ... Jewish languages: The oldest and most treasured books of the Jewish people have been the Torah and Tanakh (i. ... The Modern Hebrew language is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Mishnaic Hebrew language or Rabbinic Hebrew language is the ancient descendant of Biblical Hebrew as preserved by the Jews after the Babylonian captivity, and definitively recorded by Jewish sages in writing the Mishnah and other contemporary documents. ... The Ashkenazi Hebrew language is a descendant of Biblical Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Ashkenazi Jewish practice. ... The Sephardi Hebrew language is an offshoot of Biblical Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Sephardi Jewish practice. ... The Yemenite Hebrew language or Temani Hebrew language is a descendant of Biblical Hebrew traditionally used by Yemenite Jews. ... The Sanaani Hebrew language is the variety of Yemenite Hebrew formerly spoken liturgically by the Jewish community in and around Sanaa, Yemen. ... Tiberian Hebrew is an oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient forms of Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Bible, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early middle ages, beginning in the 8th century. ... The Mizrahi Hebrew language or Oriental hebrew language refers to any one of the dialects of Biblical Hebrew used liturgical by Mizrahi Jews, that is, Jews living in Arab countries or further east, and typically speaking Arabic, Persian, Hindi, Chinese, or other languages of the Middle East and Asia. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... Bijil Neo-Aramaic is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Hulaulá is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Lishana Deni is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Lishán Didán is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Lishanid Noshan is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called Neo-Aramaic or Judeo-Aramaic. ... Map showing the distribution of Afro-Asiatic languages The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285 million people widespread throughout North Africa, East Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia. ... The Judæo-Arabic languages are a collection of Arabic dialects spoken by Jews living or formerly living in Arabic_speaking countries; the term also refers to more or less classical Arabic written in the Hebrew script, particularly in medieval times. ... Judæo-Berber is a collective term given to the Hebrew-influenced Berber varieties spoken by some North Africans Jews, mainly in Morocco (where Tachelhit was the main factor. ... Kayla or Qwara is a Cushitic language formerly used by the Beta Israel, or Ethiopian Jews. ... Kaïliña is an Agaw language formerly spoken by the Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jews). ... Yiddish (Yid. ... The National Yiddish Book Center is a cultural institution dedicated to the preservation of books and documents in the Yiddish language. ... The Yiddish Typewriter (די ייִדישע שרײַבמאַשינקע - Di Yidishe Shraybmashinke) is a free online sevice to convert Yiddish texts into the original writing, also Unicode. ... Yiddish theatre consists of plays written and performed primarily by Jews in Yiddish, the language of the Eastern European Ashkenazaic Jewish community. ... Yeshivish is spoken mainly by English-speaking Orthodox Jews who have attended a yeshiva (an institute for higher Torah study), and is, indeed, the primary vehicle of communication in major American Litvish yeshivas. ... Yinglish is a humorous means of describing the distinctive way certain Haredi Jews in America speak English among themselves. ... Judæo-Romance languages are those languages derived from Romance languages, spoken by the various Jewish communities, and altered to such an extent to gain recognition as languages in their own right, joining the great number of other Jewish languages. ... Catalanic, also called Judæo-Catalan, is the Jewish language spoken by the Jewish communities of northeastern Spain, especially in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands. ... Italkian is a Jewish-Italian dialect that combines Hebrew and Italian, it has been spoken mainly between the 10th and the 17th centuries in Rome and in central and northern Italy (notably in Livorno). ... Ladino is a Romance language, derived mainly from Old Castilian (Spanish) and Hebrew. ... Judæo-Latin, or La‘az is the Jewish language of the many scattered Jewish communities of the former Roman Empire, but especially by the Jewish communities of the Italian Peninsula and Transalpine Gaul. ... Shuadit, also spelled Chouhadite, Chouhadit, Chouadite, Chouadit, and Shuhadit is the extinct Jewish language of southern France, also known as Judæo-Provençal, Judéo-Comtadin, Hébraïco-Comtadin. ... Zarphatic or Judæo-French (Zarphatic: Tsarfatit) is an extinct Jewish language, formerly spoken among the Jewish communities of northern France and in parts of what is now west-central Germany, in such cities as Mainz, Frankfurt-am-Main, and Aachen. ... Judæo-Portuguese is the extinct Jewish language of the Jews of Portugal. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Indo-European languages include some 443 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. ... Yevanic, otherwise known as Yevanika, Romaniote and Judeo-Greek, was the language of the Romaniotes, the group of Greek Jews whose existence in Greece is documented since the 4th century BCE. Its linguistic lineage stems from Attic Greek and the Hellenistic Koine (Κοινή Ελληνική) and includes Hebrew elements as well. ... Knaanic (also called Canaanic, Leshon Knaan or Judeo-Slavic) was a West Slavic language, formerly spoken in the Czech lands, now the Czech Republic. ... Juhuri, Juwri or Judæo-Tat is the traditional language of the Juhurim or Mountain Jews of the eastern Caucasus Mountains, especially Dagestan. ... Judæo-Hamedani is the Indo-Iranian Jewish language of the Jewish community living in Hamadan, in western Iran. ... Dzhidi, or Judæo-Persian, is the Jewish language spoken by the Jews living in Persia. ... Altaic is a language family which includes 60 languages spoken by about 250 million people, mostly in and around Central Asia and Far East. ... Krymchak is the Crimean Tatar language dialect spoken by the Krymchaks - Rabbanite Jews of the Crimea. ... The Karaim language is a Turkic language with Hebrew influences, in a similar manner to Yiddish or Ladino. ... The Dravidian family of languages includes approximately 26 languages that are mainly spoken in southern India and Sri Lanka, as well as certain areas in Pakistan, Nepal, and eastern and central India. ... Judæo-Malayalam is the traditional language spoken by the Cochin Jews (also called Malabar Jews), from Kerala, in southern India, spoken today by about 8,000 people in Israel and by probably fewer than 100 in India. ... The South Caucasian languages, also called Georgian or Kartvelian, are spoken primarily in Georgia, with smaller groups of speakers in Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Russia, Ukraine and other countries. ... Gruzinic (also known as Kivruli and Judæo-Georgian) is the traditional language spoken by the Gruzim, the ancient Jewish community of the Caucasus nation of Georgia. ...

External links

  • Ethnologue.com article on Bukharic (http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=BHH)
  • Omniglot.com (http://www.omniglot.com/writing/languages.htm)

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