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Encyclopedia > Buick Century
Buick Century
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Also called: {{{aka}}}
Manufacturer: General Motors
Production: 1936-1942
1954-1958
1973-2005
Predecessor: {{{predecessor}}}
Successor: Buick LaCrosse
Class: Fullsize (1936-1958)
Midsize (1973-2005)
Body style: 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
2-door convertible
3-door hatchback
Platform: FF W-body (1997-2005)
Engine: {{{engine}}}
Transmission: {{{transmission}}}
Length: {{{length}}}
Width: {{{width}}}
Height: {{{height}}}
Curb weight: {{{weight}}}
Wheelbase: {{{wheelbase}}}
Fuel economy: {{{fuel_economy}}}
Fuel capacity: {{{fuel_capacity}}}
Related: {{{related}}}
Similar: Chrysler Sebring
Mercury Sable
Toyota Camry
Kia Optima
Designer: {{{designer}}}

Buick Century is a model name used by the Buick division of General Motors for a line of fullsize performance vehicles from 1936 to 1942 and 1954 to 1958; Buick also used the Century name from 1973 to 2004 for its value-added midsize cars. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of cars. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is a United States-based automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Buick LaCrosse is a Buick automobile model introduced in the United States for the 2005 model year. ... Car classification is a somewhat subjective subject, as many vehicles fall between classes or even outside all of them. ... A full-size car is term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car, usually having a wheelbase greater than 2. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mid-size car, frequently referred to as an intermediate, is an automobile with a size between that of a compact and a full-size or standard-size car. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... A Ford Taurus, a recognizable sedan. ... Saab 900 Convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible is an automobile with a folding or retracting roof. ... A hatchback is a type of automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind by a hatch or flip-up window. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... The W-body is a automobile platform from General Motors which underpins midsize cars with front wheel drive. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... In mechanics, a transmission or gearbox is the gear and/or hydraulic system that transmits mechanical power from a prime mover (which can be an engine or electric motor), to some form of useful output device. ... Curb weight or kerb weight is the total weight of an automobile with standard equipment, oil, lubricants, coolant, a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ... In both road and rail vehicles, the wheelbase is the distance between the center of the front and rear wheels. ... Fuel efficiency, sometimes also referred to as fuel economy and commonly gas mileage in the United States, is a numeric measure often used to describe the amount of fuel consumed with regard to the distance travelled in a transportation vehicle, such as an automobile. ... The Chrysler Sebring is a line of midsize automobiles sold by the Chrysler Corporation. ... Released in December 1985 for the 1986 model year, the Sable was the upscale version of the Ford Taurus. ... Late-model Toyota Camry (left) and Ford Excursion (right) The Toyota Camry is a midsize car manufactured by Toyota in Georgetown, Kentucky, USA; as well as Australia; and Japan. ... 2004 Kia Optima The Kia Optima is a midsize car built by Kia Motors for the United States market since 2001. ... Buick is a brand of automobile built in the United States, Canada, and China by General Motors Corporation. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is a United States-based automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ...

Contents

Fullsize Centuries

1936-1942

1941 Buick Century
1941 Buick Century

Buick renamed its entire model lineup for the 1936 model year to celebrate the engineering improvments and design advancements over their 1935 models. Buick's Series 40 model range became the Special, the Series 80 became the Roadmaster and the Series 90 - Buick's largest and most luxurious vehicles, became the Limited. The Century took the place of the Series 60. Image File history File links Buickcentury1941. ... Image File history File links Buickcentury1941. ... 1940 Buick Coupé Straight 8 Special 4. ... 1950 Buick Roadmaster Estate Wagon Model 79. ... 1958 Buick Limited, rear fin and taillight detail. ...


The basic formula for the 1936 to 1942 Century was established by mating shorter wheelbase Buick Special bodies to Buick's eight-cylinder engine. While the Special was powered by Buick's 233 in³ was rated 93 hp at 3200 rpm, Centuries produced between 1936 to 1942 were powered by Buick's inline 320.2 in³ at 120 hp, making them the fastest Buicks of the era and capable of sustained speeds of 95 mph plus, earning the Century the nickname "banker's hotrod". 1940 Buick Coupé Straight 8 Special 4. ...


The Century was discontinued at the end of the abbreviated 1942 model year, during which total model production only accounted for about ten percent of Buick's total output.

1954 - 1958

1957 Buick Century Convertible
Enlarge
1957 Buick Century Convertible

In 1954, Buick reintroduced the Century using the same formula of mating the smaller, lighter Buick Special body to its V8 engine with the intent of giving Buick a performance vehicle. Included in the model lineup during this perior was a station wagon model, a body style that had been unavailable during the Century's first production period of 1936 to 1942. Buick Century 57 File links The following pages link to this file: Buick Century Categories: Public domain images ... Buick Century 57 File links The following pages link to this file: Buick Century Categories: Public domain images ...


In 1955, the California Highway Patrol placed a large fleet order for two-door Century coupes, a body style unavailable to the general public.


Because the Century was considered the senior "small Buick", the model received GM's only hardtop station wagon, the Century Caballero, from 1957 and 1958. The Caballero's tooling expense, plus its limited sales appeal, caused GM to abandon the hardtop station wagon body style going into its planned 1959 divisional wide new design program.


Buick's 1959 complete lineup name changes retired the Century name for fullsized cars, replacing the 'most spirited Buick' with the Buick Invicta series. The Buick Invicta was a full-sized automobile produced by General Motors’ Buick Motors Division from 1959 to 1964. ...

1973

1977 Buick Century Special landau coupe
1977 Buick Century Special landau coupe

In 1973, when all of GM's intermediate models were redesigned, the name reappeared on Buick's midsize sedans and wagons and some coupes (previously the Skylark had been Buick's entry in this market segment). From this point on, along with the new upmarket Regal coupe, Century was a mainstay of Buick's smaller line. With the vanishing of the Skylark coupe after 1972, the Century inherited its potent Gran Sport performance option. While the Stage I 455 in³ (7.5 L) V8 was somewhat diminished from its performance heydays due to emission controls, the Century GS coupes of 1973 to 1975 remained strong performers by the standards of the time. At the other end of the power spectrum, to meet fuel economy regulations, some later models of this generation were equipped with 231 in³ (3.8 L) V6s. Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_3090. ... Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_3090. ... The Buick Skylark is a passenger car produced by General Motors. ... The Buick Regal was a mid-sized automobile produced by Buick in the United States between the 1973 and 2004 model years. ...


Between 1975 and 1977, a Buick Special coupe (referred to in the Century lineup as the Century Special) was marketed as part of the Century model lineup as an entry level vehicle; the "Century Special" coupe (from Buick literature) was based on the 2-door colonnade bodystyle with the triangular quarter glass. The 1977 Century Special featured a rare landau coupe using the porthole quarter glass common to the 1974 to 1977 Chevrolet Malibu Classic and the Pontiac LeMans. 1940 Buick Coupé Straight 8 Special 4. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1965 Pontiac Le Mans The Pontiac LeMans was an intermediate-sized automobile offered by the Pontiac division of General Motors from 1962 to 1981, replaced by the downsized Pontiac Bonneville for the 1982 model year after the fuel crises of the 1970s. ...

1978

1978 Buick Century coupe
1978 Buick Century coupe

In 1978, a downsized, redesigned Century appeared in the form of a fastback coupe and sedan (the bodystyle was shared with the Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon), as well as a more traditionally styled station wagon. V6 engines were standard due to fuel economy regulations. One of the more interesting and rare models of this time was the 1979 to 1980 Century Turbo Coupe, powered by a turbocharged version of the 3.8 L V6, which offered V8-like performance with more reasonable fuel consumption. The Turbo Coupe was not nearly as popular as the similar Regal Turbo Sport Coupe of the time, and total production is estimated to be less than 2,500. The fastback sedan also did not sell well (in common with the similar Cutlass Salon sedan) and it was revamped as a more conventional notchback in 1980. For 1981, the fastback coupe was dropped. With the introduction of the new front wheel drive Century in 1982 (see below), the existing notchback sedan and wagon models were transferred to the Regal line. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Oldsmobile Cutlass was an automobile made by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors. ... Turbocharger Cut-away A turbocharger is a device used in internal-combustion engines to increase the power output of the engine by increasing the mass of oxygen and fuel entering the engine. ...

1982

1982 Buick Century sedan
1982 Buick Century sedan

In 1982, another downsized Century arrived, this time on the front wheel drive A platform, in coupe and sedan form. In 1984, a station wagon was added to the lineup to replace the departed Regal wagon. 1984 also saw an Olympic version of the Buick Century, comemorating the 1984 games in Los Angeles. In 1986, all versions were "freshened" with a new, more angular front fascia. Wheelbase was 104.9 in (2664 mm), with 189 in (4800mm) overall length. Both four-cylinder and diesel V6 engines were offered in this generation, although neither became popular. Performance versions of several Buick models, including the Century coupe, were offered in the mid 1980s under the T-Type name. With a 181 in³ (3.0 L) V6 producing 110 hp (82 kW), though, the Century T-Type's performance was modest. ImageMetadata File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... 1987 Chevrolet Celebrity station wagon The General Motors A platform (commonly called the A-body) was a midsize car automobile platform. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... Diesel or Diesel fuel is a specific fractional distillate of fuel oil (mostly petroleum) that is used as fuel in a diesel engine invented by German engineer Rudolf Diesel. ...


Engines:

  • 1982-1985 2500 2.5 L (151 in³) I4
  • 1982-1985 3.0 L (181 in³) V6
  • 1986-1988 2.8 2.8 L (173 in³) V6
  • 1986 3.8 L (231 in³) V6

1989

1995 Buick Century Limited Sedan
1995 Buick Century Limited Sedan

The Century received a facelift for 1989, gaining a new more-rounded roofline, but continuing on the aging A-body. Beginning in 1989, all models except wagons were easily known by their distinctive full-width tailights, a somewhat extravagant flourish on a smaller sedan, but one that carried on a Buick tradition of big taillights. An exterior refresh came in 1991. The 2.5 L I4 was replaced with a new 110 hp 2.2 L for 1993. For 1994, the coupe model was dropped, and all models received a standard driver's side airbag. Also in 1994, the 160 hp 3.3 L V6 was replaced with a 3.1 L V6 with the same power rating, and power on the 2.2 L I4 was up to 120 hp with the introduction of MFI. The 2500 (or Pontiac 2. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... The General Motors 60° V6 family of engines engines began with the 1978 Buick 3. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... Image File history File links Century1995. ... Image File history File links Century1995. ... An automobile airbag, like this one in a crashed SEAT Ibiza car, deflates after 0. ... MFI may mean: a United Kingdom furniture retailer: MFI Furniture Group plc Malmö Flyg Industri, see Saab MFI13 Maquis Forces International is The 1st completely Internet based Star Trek (R) fan organization, based on the renegade faction seen on various episodes of The Next Generation, Deep Space Nine and Voyager...


Engines:

  • 1990-1992 2500 2.5 L (151 in³) I4, 110 hp, 135 ft.lbf
  • 1990-1993 3800 3.3 L (204 in³) V6, 160 hp, 185 ft.lbf
  • 1993 2.2 L (134 in³) I4, 110 hp, 130 ft.lbf
  • 1994-1995 2.2 L (134 in³) I4, 120 hp, 130 ft.lbf
  • 1994-1995 3.1 3.1 L (191 in³) V6, 160 hp, 185 ft.lbf

1997

2002 Buick Century
2002 Buick Century

In 1997, what would become the last Century appeared, still a front wheel drive V6-powered configuration, this time on the GM W platform. Only a four-door sedan was offered, the coupe and wagon variants having vanished. In this generation, the Century and Regal were exactly the same car, distinguished only by trim and engine differences. Since the Century was lower-priced than the Regal, it was also the lower-powered and plainer of the two. Nevertheless, the design was well-proportioned and the car retained its reputation for quality. After the 1998 discontinuation of the Skylark, the Century for the first time became Buick's entry-level car. Buick tried to position the Century as a lower-priced alternative to Japanese family sedans like the Toyota Camry and Honda Accord. The 2500 (or Pontiac 2. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The 3800 family is a large V6 engine used by General Motors. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The General Motors 60° V6 family of engines engines began with the 1978 Buick 3. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... Image File history File links Buickcentury2002. ... Image File history File links Buickcentury2002. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... The W-body is a automobile platform from General Motors which underpins midsize cars with front wheel drive. ... Late-model Toyota Camry (left) and Ford Excursion (right) The Toyota Camry is a midsize car manufactured by Toyota in Georgetown, Kentucky, USA; as well as Australia; and Japan. ... The Honda Accord is an automobile manufactured by Honda. ...


Many late-model Buicks are difficult to distinguish from one another. The Century features a traditional Buick look with some chrome, while the Regal had a body-colored grille. This Century also looked very similar to the larger LeSabre. Visual cues include the Century's rounder headlights and more angular grille. The Buick LeSabre was a fullsize car made by the Buick division of General Motors. ...


Engines:

  • 1996-1999 3.1 3.1 L (191 in³) V6 160 hp, 185 ft.lbf
  • 2000-2005 3.1 3.1 L (191 in³) V6 175 hp, 195 ft.lbf

Future

From April 1999, Shanghai GM produced a version of this Century for the Chinese market. These models had slightly different names: the entry-level model was the Buick New Century, with more upscale models carrying the GL and GLX names. Later, G and GS models were added. The General Motors 60° V6 family of engines engines began with the 1978 Buick 3. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... The General Motors 60° V6 family of engines engines began with the 1978 Buick 3. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... Template:AprillCalendar Look up Aprill in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


In 2004, it was announced that the all-new Buick LaCrosse would replace both the Century and Regal in 2005. A limited run of Centuries with special trim were produced for 2005 to mark the end of the name. The last Buick Century rolled off the Oshawa, Ontario assembly line on October 15, 2004. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Buick LaCrosse is a Buick automobile model introduced in the United States for the 2005 model year. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 4th... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ...



External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Buick Century - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1280 words)
Buick Century is a model name used by the Buick division of General Motors for a line of fullsize performance vehicles from 1936 to 1942 and 1954 to 1958; Buick also used the Century name from 1973 to 2004 for its value-added midsize cars.
Buick renamed its entire model lineup for the 1936 model year to celebrate the engineering improvments and design advancements over their 1935 models.
Between 1975 and 1977, a Buick Special coupe (referred to in the Century lineup as the Century Special) was marketed as part of the Century model lineup as an entry level vehicle; the "Century Special" coupe (from Buick literature) was based on the 2-door colonnade bodystyle with the triangular quarter glass.
1999 Buick Century New Car Review (273 words)
Buick has produced stealth autos for years, slipping along the roads in anonymity, only being noticed by fellow owners despite their quiet competence.
The Century used to occupy the spot between the compact Skylark and the full-size LeSabre.
Buick customers are people who are looking for cars that are modern but American in character, and Buick has provided value and trusty quality for over half a century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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