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Encyclopedia > Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Genre Supernatural Fantasy Horror Action Dramedy
Created by Joss Whedon
Starring Sarah Michelle Gellar
Nicholas Brendon
Alyson Hannigan
Anthony Stewart Head
James Marsters
Emma Caulfield
Michelle Trachtenberg
Charisma Carpenter
David Boreanaz
Amber Benson
Seth Green
Marc Blucas
Opening theme Composed by Nerf Herder
Country of origin Flag of the United States United States
No. of episodes 144 (List of episodes)
Production
Running time approx. 42 minutes
Broadcast
Original channel The WB (19972001)
UPN (20012003)
Picture format 480i (SDTV)
Original run March 10, 1997May 20, 2003
Chronology
Related shows Angel
External links
Official website
IMDb profile
TV.com summary

Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an American cult television series that initially aired from March 10, 1997 until May 20, 2003. It was created by writer-director Joss Whedon under his production tag, Mutant Enemy. The series narrative follows Buffy Anne Summers (played by Sarah Michelle Gellar), the latest in a line of young women chosen by fate to battle against vampires, demons, and the forces of darkness. Like previous slayers, Buffy is aided by a Watcher, who guides and trains her. Unlike her predecessors, Buffy surrounds herself with a circle of loyal friends who become known as the "Scooby Gang." Buffy the Vampire Slayer may refer to: // Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997-2003) Buffy the Vampire Slayer (film) Buffy Summers Buffy the Vampire Slayer (BFI TV Classics S.) Further information: Buffy novels ,  Buffy studies, and Buffyverse guidebooks Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Album Further information: Music (Buffyverse) Buffy the Vampire... Image File history File linksMetadata Buffy_logo_0001. ... Look up Supernatural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Horror fiction is, broadly, fiction in any medium intended to scare, unsettle, or horrify the reader. ... Action movies usually involve a fairly straightforward story of good guys versus bad guys, where most disputes are resolved by using physical force. ... Dramedy, a portmanteau of drama and comedy, is a genre of movies and television in which the lines between these very different genres were blurred. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... Sarah Michelle Gellar (born April 14, 1977) is a Golden Globe-nominated, Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... Nicholas Brendon (born April 12, 1971 as Nicholas Brendon Schultz in Los Angeles, California), is an actor best known for his character Xander Harris in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997-2003). ... Alyson Hannigan (born March 24, 1974) is an American actress who plays Lily Aldrin in the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother. ... For the British statesman, see Antony Head, 1st Viscount Head. ... James Wesley Marsters (born August 20, 1962) is an American actor and musician, best known for playing the popular platinum-blond character Spike, an English of a vampire, in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel. ... Emma Caulfield is an actress best known for her role as ex-demon Anya on the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Michelle Christine Trachtenberg (born October 11, 1985) is an American television and film actress. ... Charisma Lee Carpenter (born July 23, 1970) is an American actress. ... David Paul Boreanaz (born May 16, 1969) is an American film and television actor. ... Amber Nicole Benson, born on January 8, 1977, is an American actress, writer, film director, and film producer. ... Seth Green (born February 8, 1974, Overbrook Park, Pennsylvania) is an American actor and television producer best known for his acting roles as Doctor Evils son Scott in the Austin Powers series of comedy films and Daniel Oz Osbourne in Buffy The Vampire Slayer. ... Marc Blucas Marc Blucas Marc Blucas Marcus Paul Blucas (born January 11, 1972 in Butler, Pennsylvania) is an American actor. ... Nerf Herder is a pop-punk band from Santa Barbara formed in 1994 by Parry Gripp (vocals, guitar), Charlie Dennis (bass) and Steve Sherlock (drums). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... The Warner Bros. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1997. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2001. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2001. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2003. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1997. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2003. ... Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Cult television, like cult figures, cult film and cult radio, attracts a band of aficionados or appreciators, known as a cult following, devoted to a specific television series or fictional universe. ... A television program (US), television programme (UK) or simply television show is a segment of programming in television broadcasting. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... Mutant Enemy, Inc. ... Buffy Anne Summers is the eponymous fictional character in the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the television program of the same name and its numerous spin-offs, such as novels, comic books, and video games. ... Sarah Michelle Gellar (born April 14, 1977) is a Golden Globe-nominated, Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... For other uses of Fate, see Fate Destiny refers to a predetermined course of events. ... In the fictional world of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, a vampire is a demon of a species which inhabits and animates a human corpse. ... Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details about some or all of information gradually revealed in Buffyverse productions: (Buffy, Angel, Fray. ... A Slayer, in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy and Angel, is a young female bestowed with mystical powers that originate from the heart of a pure-demon, which gives her superhuman senses, strength, speed, endurance, agility, and healing in the fight against forces of darkness. ... Two Watchers: Wesley and Giles In the fictional Buffyverse established by the television series Buffy and Angel, a Watcher is a member of a secret organization, the Watchers Council, devoted to tracking and combatting malevolent supernatural entities (and particularly vampires), primarily by locating individuals with the talents required to fight... The Scooby Gang, or Scoobies, are a group of characters in the cult television series and comic book, Buffy the Vampire Slayer who battle the supernatural forces of evil. ...


The series usually reached between four and six million viewers on original airings.[1] Although such ratings are lower than successful shows on the "big four" networks (ABC, NBC, CBS and Fox),[2] they were a success for the relatively new and smaller The WB Television Network.[3] Reviews for the show were positive,[4] and it was ranked #41 on the list of TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time. It was nominated for Emmy and Golden Globe awards. The WB network ceased operation on September 17, 2006 after airing an "homage" to their "most memorable series," including the pilot episodes of Buffy and its spin-off Angel.[5] When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... CBS Broadcasting, Inc. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... The Warner Bros. ... The 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time is a list compiled by TV Guide as a cover story for the week of May 4, 2002. ... An Emmy Award. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A television pilot is a test episode of an intended television series. ... Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Buffy's success has led to hundreds of tie-in products, including novels, comics, and video games. The series has received attention in fandom, parody, and academia, and has influenced the direction of other television series.[6] // Introduction A large number of books have been published since 1998 by Pocket Pulse, and Simon Spotlight Entertainment. ... Cover to a Dark Horse Buffy comic) // These were published by Dark Horse, originally in comic format but then gathered into volumes of trade paperbacks. ... The cover of the Buffy video game, Chaos Bleeds Five official video game adaptations of the cult television program Buffy the Vampire Slayer have been released. ... Screenshot from Angel parody, Cherub. ... Screenshot from The Bigger Picture with Graham Norton clip, Poofy the Vampire Slayer. Left, Graham Norton. ... One of many scholarly books published about the fictional Buffyverse; Blood Relations: Chosen Families in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. Buffy Studies is a subset of the academic field of cultural studies. ...

Contents

Production

Origins

Writer Joss Whedon says that "Rhonda the Immortal Waitress was really the first incarnation of [the Buffy concept], just the idea of some woman who seems to be completely insignificant who turns out to be extraordinary."[7] This early, unproduced idea evolved into Buffy, which Whedon developed to invert the Hollywood formula of "the little blonde girl who goes into a dark alley and gets killed in every horror movie."[8] Whedon wanted "to subvert that idea and create someone who was a hero."[8] He explained: "The very first mission statement of the show [is] the joy of female power: having it, using it, sharing it."[9] Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... Horror Movie redirects here. ...

Buffy, the Chosen One, falls in love with Angel, a vampire.

The concept was first visited through Whedon's script for the 1992 movie Buffy the Vampire Slayer, which featured Kristy Swanson in the title role. The director, Fran Rubel Kuzui, saw it as a "pop culture comedy about what people think about vampires."[10] Whedon disagreed: "I had written this scary film about an empowered woman, and they turned it into a broad comedy. It was crushing."[11] The script was praised within the industry,[12] but the movie was not.[13] Image File history File linksMetadata Buffythevampireslayer-1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Buffythevampireslayer-1. ... Buffy Anne Summers is the eponymous fictional character in the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the television program of the same name and its numerous spin-offs, such as novels, comic books, and video games. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is a 1992 comedy film about a Valley Girl cheerleader (Kristy Swanson) chosen by fate to fight and kill vampires. ... Renee Kristen Kristy Swanson (born Kristen Noel Swanson on December 19, 1969 in Mission Viejo, California, USA) is an American actress. ... Fran Rubel Kuzui is an American movie director and producer. ... Philip Burne-Jones, The Vampire, 1897 Vampires are mythological or folkloric beings that subsist on human and/or animal lifeforce. ...


Several years later, Gail Berman, a Sandollar Productions executive, approached Whedon to develop his Buffy concept into a television series.[14] Whedon explained that "They said, 'Do you want to do a show?' And I thought, 'High school as a horror movie.' And so the metaphor became the central concept behind Buffy, and that's how I sold it."[15] The supernatural elements in the series stood as metaphors for personal anxieties associated with adolescence and young adulthood.[16] Whedon went on to write and partly fund a 25-minute unaired Buffy pilot[17] that was shown to networks and eventually sold to the WB Network. The latter promoted the premiere with a series of History of the Slayer clips,[18] and the first episode aired on March 10, 1997. Gail Berman (born 1956) is the president of Viacoms Paramount Pictures. ... Look up Supernatural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about metaphor in literature and rhetoric. ... “Young Men” redirects here. ... List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Known to fans as the unaired Buffy pilot, this thirty-minute production by Joss Whedon was never intended to air. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... Lucy Hanover as seen on a WB network promotional clip for Buffy shown in 1996 History of the Slayer was a promotional clip shown on WB Network in 1997 to promote the TV series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Welcome to the Hellmouth (Welcome for short) is the very first episode of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Executive producers

Joss Whedon was credited as executive producer throughout the run of the series,[19] and for the first five seasons (1997–2001) he was also the show runner, a role that involves serving as head writer and being responsible for every aspect of production. Marti Noxon took on the role for seasons six and seven (2001–2003), but Whedon continued to be involved with writing and directing Buffy alongside projects such as Angel, Fray and Firefly.[19] Fran Rubel Kuzui and her husband, Kaz Kuzui, were credited as executive producers[20] but were not involved in the show. Their credit, rights and royalties over the franchise relate to their funding, producing and directing of the original movie version of Buffy.[21] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Show runner (alternatively showrunner,[1] or show-runner)[2] is a term used in the United States television industry referring to the person who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of a television series, in other words, the person who runs the show. ... Marti Noxon is a television and film writer perhaps best known for her work as a writer and executive producer on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Fray is an eight-issue comic book limited series about Melaka Fray, a Slayer in the future, written by Buffy the Vampire Slayer creator Joss Whedon and drawn by Karl Moline (pencils) and Andy Owens (inks). ... Firefly is an American science fiction television series created by writer/director Joss Whedon, creator of Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, under his Mutant Enemy Productions. ... Kaz Kuzui is an American producer. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Writing

Script-writing was done by Mutant Enemy, a production company created by Whedon in 1997. The writers with the most writing credits include: Steven S. DeKnight, Jane Espenson, David Fury, Drew Goddard, Drew Greenberg, Rebecca Rand Kirshner, Marti Noxon and Doug Petrie.[22] Howard Gordon, David Greenwalt and Joss Whedon all hold credits as well. Screenwriting refers to the art and craft of writing screenplays for film or television. ... Mutant Enemy, Inc. ... Steven S. DeKnight is a television script-writer best known for working on Smallville, Buffy, and Angel Buffy episodes Main article: List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Seeing Red (2002) TV Episode (writer) Dead Things (2002) TV Episode (writer) All the Way (2001) TV Episode (writer) Spiral (2001) TV... Jane Espenson is an American writer who has worked on several television series and comic books, as well as on a variety of other projects. ... David Fury is an acclaimed American writer. ... Drew Goddard is a television script-writer best known for working on Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Alias. ... Drew Z. Greenberg is a television script-writer best known for working on Buffy, Smallville, , and Dexter. ... Rebecca Rand Kirshner was an executive story editor and writer on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Marti Noxon is a television and film writer perhaps best known for her work as a writer and executive producer on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Doug Petrie was a co-executive producer, writer and director on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Howard Gordon is an American screenwriter and producer. ... David Greenwalt is an American screenwriter. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ...


Jane Espenson has explained how scripts came together.[23] First, the writers talked about the emotional issues facing Buffy Summers and how she would confront them through her battle against evil supernatural forces. Then the episode's story was "broken" into acts and scenes. Act breaks were designed as key moments to intrigue viewers so that they would stay with the episode following advertisements. The writers collectively filled in scenes surrounding these act breaks for a more fleshed-out story. A whiteboard marked their progress by mapping brief descriptions of each scene. Once "breaking" was done, the credited author wrote an outline for the episode, which was checked by Whedon or Noxon. The writer then wrote a full script, which went through a series of drafts, and finally a quick rewrite from the show runner. The final article was used as the shooting script. Jane Espenson is an American writer who has worked on several television series and comic books, as well as on a variety of other projects. ... A television advertisement or commercial (often called an advert in the United Kingdom) is a form of advertising in which goods, services, organizations, ideas, etc. ...


Casting

Selma Blair and Katie Holmes had each auditioned for the title role of Buffy. Charisma Carpenter had also been considered for the title role, before being cast as Cordeilia. Selma Blair (born June 23, 1972) is an American actress. ... Kate Noelle Katie Holmes[1] (born December 18, 1978) is an American actress who first achieved fame for her role as Joey Potter on The WB television teen drama Dawsons Creek from 1998 to 2003. ... Charisma Lee Carpenter (born July 23, 1970) is an American actress. ...


The title role went to Sarah Michelle Gellar, who had appeared as Sydney Rutledge in Swans Crossing and Kendall Hart in All My Children.[24] At age eighteen in 1995, Gellar had already won a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Leading Actress in a Drama Series.[25] In 1996, she was initially cast as Cordelia Chase during a week of auditioning.[26] Sarah Michelle Gellar (born April 14, 1977) is a Golden Globe-nominated, Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... Swans Crossing was a syndicated TV show from 1992 that featured a group of wealthy teenagers living in the seaside town of Swans Crossing. ... Kendall Hart Slater (formerly Kendall Lang) is a character on the American soap opera All My Children. ... All My Children (AMC) is a popular American soap opera that has been broadcast Monday through Friday on the ABC TV network since January 5, 1970. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Daytime Emmy Awards are awards presented by the New York-based National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences and the Los Angeles-based Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in recognition of excellence in American daytime television programming. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... In the performing arts, casting is a vital pre-production process for selecting a cast (a meaning of the word recorded since 1631) of actors, dancers, singers, models and other talent for a live or recorded performance. ... Cordelia Chase (born December 1980 in Sunnydale, California, died in 2004 in Los Angeles) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ...


Anthony Stewart Head had already led a prolific acting and singing career[27] but remained best known for a series of twelve coffee commercials with Sharon Maughan for Nescafé Gold Blend.[28] He accepted the role of Rupert Giles. For the British statesman, see Antony Head, 1st Viscount Head. ... Sharon Maughan (born 22 June 1951), is a British television actress. ... Nescafé is a popular brand of instant coffee made by Nestlé. In Hebrew, Nescafé (נסקפה) means miracle coffee, possibly a reference to the short time it takes to prepare but the Nestlé website states the name is just a portmanteau of the words Nestlé and café. Nestlés prized powdered coffee... Rupert Giles is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Unlike other Buffy regulars, Nicholas Brendon had little acting experience,[29] instead working various jobs — including production assistant, plumber's assistant, veterinary janitor, food delivery, script delivery, day care counselor and waiter — before deciding to break into acting to help him overcome a stutter.[30][31] He landed his Xander Harris role following only four days of auditioning.[32] Nicholas Brendon (born April 12, 1971 as Nicholas Brendon Schultz in Los Angeles, California), is an actor best known for his character Xander Harris in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997-2003). ... Production assistant is a movie term for a person responsible for various odd jobs, such as stopping traffic, acting as couriers, getting items from craft service, etc. ... Stuttering, also known as stammering in the United Kingdom, is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases; and involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the stutterer is unable to produce sounds. ... Alexander LaVelle Xander Harris (born 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character in the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Alyson Hannigan was the last of the original four to be cast. Following her role in My Stepmother Is an Alien,[33] she appeared in commercials and supporting roles on television shows throughout the early 1990s.[33] In 1996 the role of Willow Rosenberg was initially given to Riff Regan for the unaired Buffy pilot, but Hannigan auditioned when the role was recast for the series proper. She described her approach to auditions in an interview through her treatment of a particular moment: Willow tells Buffy that her Barbie doll was taken from her as a child, and Buffy asks if she ever got the Barbie back. "Willow's line was 'Most of it.' And so I thought I'm gonna make that a really happy thing. I was so proud that she got most of it back. That clued in on how I was going to play the rest of the scene. It defines the character."[34] Her approach subsequently helped her win the role. Alyson Hannigan (born March 24, 1974) is an American actress who plays Lily Aldrin in the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother. ... My Stepmother is an Alien is a 1988 comedy science fiction movie directed by Richard Benjamin. ... Willow Rosenberg (born either in 1980 or very early 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Known to fans as the unaired Buffy pilot, this thirty-minute production by Joss Whedon was never intended to air. ... Information Occupation See: Barbies careers Family See: List of Barbies friends and family Created by Ruth Handler Barbie is a best-selling fashion doll launched in 1959. ...


Broadcast history

The "Buffy" logo used on the pilot episode
UPN took great advantage promoting the network switch by teasing fans of Buffy's resurrection from The WB's series finale.
UPN took great advantage promoting the network switch by teasing fans of Buffy's resurrection from The WB's series finale.

Buffy the Vampire Slayer first aired on March 10, 1997 on the WB network, and played a key role in the growth of the Warner Bros. television network in its early years.[35] After five seasons, it transferred to the United Paramount Network (UPN) for its final two seasons. The show went into syndication in the United States on FX. In the United Kingdom, the entire series aired on Sky One and BBC2. The BBC gave the show two time slots: the early-evening slot for a family-friendly version with violence, objectionable language and other stronger material cut out, and a late-night uncut version.[36] Sky One had a similar method, in which the show would be edited for an after-noon encore presentation besides the uncut prime-time slot. From the fourth season onwards, the BBC aired the show in anamorphic 16:9 widescreen format, but Whedon later said that Buffy was never intended to be viewed this way. Despite his claims, Sky One now air repeat showings in the widescreen format.[37] Image File history File links Buffy_unaired_pilot_(Logo). ... Image File history File links Buffy_unaired_pilot_(Logo). ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The official logo for UPN. UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) is a television network in the United States, owned by Viacom Inc. ... The Warner Bros. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The Warner Bros. ... Warner Bros. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... In broadcasting, syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast radio shows and television shows to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ... FX (short for Fox Extended Networks) is the name of a number of related subscription TV channels owned by News Corporations Fox Entertainment Group. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... BBC Two (or BBC2 as it was formerly styled) was the second UK television station to be aired by the BBC. History The channel was scheduled to begin at 7:20pm on April 20, 1964 and show an evening of light entertainment, starting with the comedy show The Alberts and... The inner box (green) is the format used in most pre-1952 films and pre-widescreen television. ...


While the seventh season was still being broadcast, Sarah Michelle Gellar told "Entertainment Weekly" she was not going to sign on for an eighth year, "[When] we started to have such a strong year this year, I thought: 'This is how I want to go out, on top, at our best."[38] Whedon and UPN gave some considerations to production of a spin-off series that would not require Gellar, including a rumored Faith series, but nothing became of those plans.[39] The canonical Buffy story is continuing outside the television medium in the Dark Horse Comics series, Buffy Season Eight. This is produced since March 2007 by Whedon, who has also written the first story arc, "The Long Way Home".[40] Sarah Michelle Gellar (born April 14, 1977) is a Golden Globe-nominated, Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... The popular fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel has led to attempts to develop more commerically viable programs set in the fictional Buffyverse. However some of these projects remain undeveloped for various reasons: Sometimes vital cast members may be unavailable. ... The Buffyverse canon consists of materials that are thought to be genuine (or official) and those events, characters, settings, etc. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight is a comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics. ... The Long Way Home is the first arc from the Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight series of comic books based upon the television series of the same name, and is written by creator Joss Whedon. ...


Opening sequence

The second "Buffy" logo, used in the title sequence from Seasons 1 and 2.
The last and most famous "Buffy" logo featured in the title sequence.

The Buffy opening sequence provides credits early in each show. The music was performed by the punk rock band Nerf Herder. The song sounds similar to a German pop song from the 1980s called "Codo" by Döf, but Nerf Herder have said that they had "never heard of Döf", and that the similarity was coincidental.[41] In the DVD commentary for the first Buffy episode, Whedon said his decision to go with Nerf Herder's theme was influenced by cast member Alyson Hannigan, who had made him listen to the band's music.[42] Janet Halfyard, in her essay "Music, Gender, and Identity in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel", describes the opening: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Buffy_logo_0001. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Buffy_logo_0001. ... Nerf Herder is a pop-punk band from Santa Barbara formed in 1994 by Parry Gripp (vocals, guitar), Charlie Dennis (bass) and Steve Sherlock (drums). ... DÖF (Deutsch-Österreichisches Feingefühl) was a 1980s Austrian-German Neue Deutsche Welle pop band. ... DÖF (Deutsch-Österreichisches Feingefühl) was a 1980s Austrian-German Neue Deutsche Welle pop band. ... Welcome to the Hellmouth (Welcome for short) is the very first episode of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...

It begins with the sound of an organ, accompanied by a wolf's howl, with a visual image of a flickering night sky overlaid with unintelligible archaic script, the associations with both the silent era and films such as Nosferatu and with the conventions of the Hammer House of Horror and horror in general are unmistakable.[43]

But the theme changes: "[The opening sequence] removes itself from the sphere of 1960s and '70s horror by replaying the same motif, the organ now supplanted by an aggressively strummed electric guitar, relocating itself in modern youth culture."[43] This music is heard over images of a young cast involved in the action and turbulence of adolescence. The sequence provides a post-modern twist on the horror genre.[43] Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens (Nosferatu, a Symphony of Horror) is a German Expressionist film by Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau, starring Max Schreck as the vampire Count Orlok. ... A poster for Dracula Prince of Darkness (1966). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The term Postmodernism (sometimes abbreviated Pomo[1]) was a reaction to modernism (not post in the purely temporal sense of after). Largely influenced by the disillusionment induced by the Second World War, postmodernism tends to refer to a cultural, intellectual, or artistic state lacking a clear central hierarchy or organizing...


Music

Main article: Music (Buffyverse)

Buffy features a mix of original, indie, rock and pop music. The composers spent around seven days scoring between fourteen to thirty minutes of music for each episode.[44] Christophe Beck revealed that the Buffy composers used computers and synthesizers and were limited to recording one or two "real" samples. Despite this, their goal was to produce "dramatic" orchestration that would stand up to film scores.[44] The use of music was a key component in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy and Angel. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... In popular music, indie music (from independent) is any of a number of genres, scenes, subcultures and stylistic and cultural attributes, characterised by perceived independence from commercial pop music and mainstream culture and an autonomous, do-it-yourself (DIY) approach. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... For popular forms of music in general, see Popular music. ... Christophe Beck interviewed on a Buffy The Vampire Slayer DVD featurette Christophe Beck (born 1972 in Montreal, Canada), also credited as Chris Beck, is a Canadian film and television composer. ... Buffy and Angel (Buffyverse) cast and crew were involved in the making of the television series. ... Synthesizer as used in music, is a term derived from a Greek word syntithetai < synthesis (συντίθεται < σύνθεσις) and is used to describe a device capable of generating and/or manipulating electronic signals for use in music creation, recording and performance. ...


Alongside the score, most episodes featured indie rock music, usually at the characters' venue of choice, The Bronze. Buffy Music Supervisor John King explained that "we like to use unsigned bands" that "you would believe would play in this place".[44] For example, the fictional group Dingoes Ate My Baby were portrayed on screen by front group Four Star Mary. Pop songs by famous artists were rarely featured prominently, but several episodes spotlighted the sounds of more famous artists such as Sarah McLachlan, Aimee Mann (who also had a line of dialogue) and Michelle Branch. The popularity of music used in Buffy has led to three soundtrack albums: Buffy: The Album, Radio Sunnydale and "Once More, with Feeling" Soundtrack. The Bronze is a nightclub in Sunnydale, the fictional setting for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Dingoes Ate My Baby is a fictional rock band on the show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Four Star Mary are an alternative rock group formed in California in 1997. ... Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC,[2] OBC[2] (born January 28, 1968) is a Grammy-winning Canadian musician, singer and songwriter. ... Aimee Mann (born September 8, 1960) is an American rock guitarist, bassist, singer, and noted songwriter. ... Michelle Jacquet DeSevren Branch-Landau (born July 2, 1983) is a Grammy Award-winning American singer, songwriter and guitarist. ... The use of music was a key component in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy and Angel. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Album is a soundtrack album featuring music from the Buffy the Vampire Slayer TV series. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Radio Sunnydale - Music from the TV Series is the rather long-winded title of the second Buffy the Vampire Slayer soundtrack album, following on from Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Album. ... Once More, With Feeling is a musical episode of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Setting and storylines

Setting and filming locations

Main articles: Sunnydale, Hellmouth and Filming locations

Most of Buffy was shot on location in Los Angeles, California. The main exterior set of the town of Sunnydale, including the infamous "sun sign", was located in Santa Monica, California in a lot on Olympic Boulevard.[45] The show is set in the fictional California town of Sunnydale, whose suburban Sunnydale High School sits on top of a "Hellmouth", a gateway to demon realms. The Hellmouth serves as a nexus for a wide variety of evil creatures and supernatural phenomena, and lies beneath the school library. In addition to being an open-ended plot device, Joss Whedon has cited the Hellmouth and "High school as Hell" as one of the primary metaphors in creating the series.[46] Sunnydale Sunnydale, California, is the fictional suburban setting for the U.S. television drama Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Hellmouth (Buffyverse) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Many of the filming locations for scenes in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer were shot in and around Los Angeles, California. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Sunnydale Sunnydale, California, is the fictional suburban setting for the U.S. television drama Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Sunnydale Sunnydale, California, is the fictional suburban setting for the U.S. television drama Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details about some or all of the Whedonverse productions (Buffy, Angel, Fray, etc. ... Hellmouth (Buffyverse) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A portal in fiction is a magical or technological doorway that connects two distant locations. ... Giles and Buffy read VAMPYR, one of the books in the Sunnydale High School library Buffy the Vampire Slayer is not the only work of fiction in which imaginary books play a central role. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Hell (disambiguation). ...


The high school used in the first three seasons is actually Torrance High School, in Torrance, California.This school was used until the residents of Torrance complained about loud sounds at night.[47] The school exterior has been used in other television shows and movies, most notably Beverly Hills 90210, Bring It On, She's All That (explaining Sarah Michelle Gellar's uncredited appearance in the cafeteria scene of that movie), and the spoof Not Another Teen Movie.[47] In addition to the high school and its library, scenes take place in the town's cemeteries, a local nightclub (The Bronze), and Buffy's home, where many of the characters live at various points in the series. Torrance High School in Torrance, California is one of the oldest high schools in continuous use in California and a popular location for television and motion picture production. ... Location of Torrance in the County of Los Angeles Country United States State California County Los Angeles County, California Government  - Mayor Frank Scotto Area  - City 20. ... Beverly Hills 90210 was a popular primetime television soap opera that aired from October 1990 to May 2000 on the Fox Network in the United States and subsequently on various networks around the world. ... Bring It On may refer to: Bring It On, a 2000 film which has become a franchise with three follow-up movies: Bring It On Again 2003 direct to video release Bring It On: All or Nothing 2006 direct to video release Bring It On: In It to Win It... Shes All That is a 1999 romantic comedy film, directed by Robert Iscove, and is a modern remake of George Bernard Shaws Pygmalion (which was also the basis for the musical comedy My Fair Lady starring Audrey Hepburn and Rex Harrison). ... Sarah Michelle Gellar (born April 14, 1977) is a Golden Globe-nominated, Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... Not Another Teen Movie is a film released in 2001 by Sony Pictures. ...


Format

Buffy is told in a serialized format, with each episode involving a self-contained story while contributing to a larger storyline, which is broken down into season-long narratives marked by the rise and defeat of a powerful antagonist, commonly referred to as the "Big Bad". The show blends different genres, including horror, martial arts, romance, melodrama, farce, comedy, and even, in one episode, musical comedy. Serials in television and radio are series, often in a weekly prime time slot, that rely on a continuing plot that unfolds in a serial fashion, episode by episode. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An ... Big bad is a term originally used by fans of the Buffy the Vampire Slayer TV show to describe a major recurring adversary, usually the chief villain in a particular broadcast season. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Horror Movie redirects here. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... While most films have some aspect of romance between characters (at least as a subplot,) a romance film can be loosely defined as any film in which the central plot (the premise of the story) revolves around the romantic involvement of the storys protagonists. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... Look up farce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The screwball comedy has proven to be one of the most elusive of the film genres. ... Once More, With Feeling is a musical episode of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ...


The series' narrative revolves around Buffy and her friends, collectively dubbed the "Scooby Gang", who struggle to balance the fight against supernatural evils with their complex social lives. A typical episode contains one or more villains, or supernatural phenomena that are thwarted or defeated. Though elements and relationships are explored and ongoing subplots are included, the show focuses primarily on Buffy and her role as an archetypal heroine. The Scooby Gang, or Scoobies, are a group of characters in the cult television series and comic book, Buffy the Vampire Slayer who battle the supernatural forces of evil. ... Look up Supernatural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Bad guy” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Archetype (disambiguation). ... “Heroine” redirects here. ...


The most prominent monsters in the Buffy bestiary are vampires, which are based on traditional myths, lore, and literary conventions. Buffy and her companions fight a wide variety of demons, as well as ghosts, werewolves, zombies, and ethically unsound humans. They frequently save the world from annihilation by a combination of physical combat, magic, and detective-style investigation, and are guided by an extensive collection of ancient and mystical reference books. Hand-to-hand combat is chiefly undertaken by Buffy and Angel, later by Spike, and to a far lesser degree by Giles and Xander. Willow eventually becomes an adept witch, while Giles contributes his extensive knowledge of demonology and supernatural lore. The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... In the fictional world of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, a vampire is a demon of a species which inhabits and animates a human corpse. ... Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details about some or all of information gradually revealed in Buffyverse productions: (Buffy, Angel, Fray. ... The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... A Werewolf is a human who tranforms into a wolf-like figure on nights of the full moon in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... The following is a list of demons, vampires, human monsters, walking dead, ghosts, beasts and any kind of evil being or supernatural creature seen in the Buffyverse (created by Joss Whedon). ... The Sorceress by John William Waterhouse Magic and sorcery are the influencing of events, objects, people and physical phenomena by mystical, paranormal or supernatural means. ... In the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy and Angel, a Witch is a person who has great knowledge and power over the use of mystical forces, commonly known as magic, to perform various feats that defy the laws of nature. ... Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. ...


Inspirations and metaphors

During the first year of the series, Whedon described the show as "My So-Called Life meets The X-Files."[48] My So-Called Life gave a sympathetic portrayal of teen anxieties; in contrast, The X-Files delivered a supernatural "monster of the week" storyline. Alongside these series, Whedon has cited cult film Night of the Comet as a "big influence",[49] and credited the X-Men character Kitty Pryde as a significant influence on the character of Buffy.[50] The authors of the unofficial guidebook Dusted point out that the series was often a pastiche, borrowing elements from previous horror novels, movies and short stories and from such common literary stock as folklore and mythology.[51] Nevitt & Smith describe Buffy's use of pastiche as "post modern Gothic".[52] For example, the Adam character parallels the Frankenstein monster, the episode "Bad Eggs" parallels Invasion of the Body Snatchers, and so on. For other uses, see My So-Called Life (disambiguation). ... The X-Files is a Peabody- and Emmy Award-winning science fiction television series created by Chris Carter, which first aired on September 10, 1993, and ended on May 19, 2002. ... Night of the Comet is a 1984 science fiction film directed by Thom Eberhardt and starring Catherine Mary Stewart, Robert Beltran and Kelli Maroney. ... The X-Men are a group of comic book superheroes featured in Marvel Comics. ... It has been suggested that Widget (Marvel Comics) be merged into this article or section. ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... Strawberry Hill, an English villa in the Gothic revival style, built by seminal Gothic writer Horace Walpole Gothic fiction is a genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance. ... Adam is a fictional cyborg in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by George Hertzberg. ... Boris Karloff as Frankensteins Monster in Frankenstein (1931). ... List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Bad Eggs is episode 12 of season 2 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Invasion of the Body Snatchers is a 1956 science fiction film. ...


Buffy episodes include a deeper meaning or metaphor as well. Whedon explained, "We think very carefully about what we're trying to say emotionally, politically, and even philosophically while we're writing it… it really is, apart from being a pop-culture phenomenon, something that is deeply layered textually episode by episode."[53] Academics Wilcox and Lavery provide examples of how a few episodes deal with real life issues turned into supernatural metaphors: This article is about metaphor in literature and rhetoric. ...

In the world of Buffy the problems that teenagers face become literal monsters. A mother can take over her daughter's life ("Witch"); a strict stepfather-to-be really is a heartless machine ("Ted"); a young lesbian fears that her nature is demonic ("Goodbye Iowa" and "Family"); a girl who has sex with even the nicest-seeming guy may discover that he afterwards becomes a monster ("Innocence").[16]

The love affair between the vampire Angel and Buffy was fraught with metaphors. For example, their night of passion cost the vampire his soul. Sarah Michelle Gellar said: "That's the ultimate metaphor. You sleep with a guy and he turns bad on you."[54] Witch is the 3rd episode of season 1 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Ted is episode 11 of season 2 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... Goodbye Iowa is the 14th episode of season 4 of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Family is the sixth episode of season 5 of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Innocence is Episode 14 of Season 2 on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... The soul, according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is the self-aware essence unique to a particular living being. ...


The feminist issue comes out especially when facing misogynist characters; the most misogynistic characters, Warren and Caleb, both die in gruesome ways, both killed by heroines of the series. Feminists redirects here. ... Misogyny (IPA: ) is hatred or strong prejudice against women; an antonym of philogyny. ...


Plot summary

The original television series

The first season exemplifies the "high school as hell" concept. Buffy Summers has just moved to Sunnydale and hopes to escape her Slayer duties. Her plans are complicated by Rupert Giles, her new Watcher, who reminds her of the inescapable presence of evil. Sunnydale High is built atop a Hellmouth, a portal to demon dimensions that attracts supernatural phenomena to the area. Buffy meets two schoolmates who will help fight evil through the series, but they must first prevent an ancient and especially threatening vampire from opening the Hellmouth and unleashing Hell on Earth. The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... Rupert Giles is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Two Watchers: Wesley and Giles In the fictional Buffyverse established by the television series Buffy and Angel, a Watcher is a member of a secret organization, the Watchers Council, devoted to tracking and combatting malevolent supernatural entities (and particularly vampires), primarily by locating individuals with the talents required to fight... Hellmouth (Buffyverse) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Master (real name Heinrich Joseph Nest, according to the shooting script for Welcome to the Hellmouth) is a fictional character in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by Mark Metcalf. ...


The emotional stakes are raised in the second season. New vampires, Spike and a weakened Drusilla, come to town along with the new Slayer, who was activated as a result of Buffy's brief death in the first season finale. Buffy consummates her relationship with her vampire lover Angel, and consequentially, she unwittingly removes his cursed soul as a result. He once more becomes a sadistic killer seeking to destroy the world. Buffy is forced to kill him, and leaves Sunnydale, emotionally shattered. The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... Spike (aka William The Bloody) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Drusilla (born circa 1840 in London, England) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Kendra Young (born 1981, died 1998 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Marti Noxon for the TV series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Prophecy Girl, the first season finale, is the twelfth episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ...


After attempting to start a new life in Los Angeles, Buffy returns to town in the third season. She is soon confronted with an unstable Slayer, Angel (again), and an often affable but definitely evil mayor's plans for Graduation Day. The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... Faith Lehane (known in the TV series only as Faith) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, portrayed by Eliza Dushku. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mayor Wilkins. ...


The fourth season sees Buffy and Willow enroll at UC Sunnydale while Xander joins the workforce. Willow falls in love with another witch, while Buffy begins dating a student who is a member of The Initiative, a top-secret military installation based beneath the UC Sunnydale campus. They appear to be a well-meaning anti-demon operation, but a secret project goes horribly wrong. The season also marked the first year in which Joss Whedon oversaw other TV series. The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... Willow Rosenberg (born either in 1980 or very early 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Alexander LaVelle Xander Harris (born 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character in the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Tara Maclay (born October 16, 1980 and died May 7, 2002 in Sunnydale, California)[1] is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Riley Finn (born in Huxley, Iowa) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... The Initiative was a fictional secret government organization in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Adam is a fictional cyborg in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by George Hertzberg. ...


During the fifth season, an exiled Hell-God searches for a "key" that will allow her to return to her home dimension. The "key" has been turned into human form as Buffy's younger sister Dawn. The Hell-God eventually discovers the truth and kidnaps Dawn; Buffy sacrifices herself to save Dawn and the world. The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... Glorificus, also known as Glory, The Beast, The Abomination, and That Which Cannot Be Named, is a fictional deity in the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by Clare Kramer. ... Dawn Summers is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, portrayed by Michelle Trachtenberg. ... Dawn Summers is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, portrayed by Michelle Trachtenberg. ...


Buffy's friends resurrect her through a powerful spell in the sixth season. Buffy returns from Heaven and finds a job at a fast food restaurant. Her friends are unaware of her inner turmoils as they face their own troubles: Xander leaves his fiancée at the altar, and Willow becomes addicted to magic. When Willow's girlfriend is killed by a deranged murderer, Willow descends into darkness and begins a rampage that nearly causes the end of the world. The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The instability caused by Buffy's revival enables the First Evil to amass an army of powerful vampires against humankind during the seventh season, in the process trying to kill every currently-unactivated Potential Slayer. Willow invokes a spell that activates all the "Potentials" in the world as the Scooby Gang defeats evil once more. The First Evil is a fictional villain created by Joss Whedon for the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ... Potential Slayers are fictional characters created by Joss Whedon for the cult television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ...


Buffy Season Eight comics

One year and six months after the end of show's seventh season, the newly-activated Slayers have successfully begun to organize across the world to continue fighting evil as a group. A mysterious American military operation is under way to wipe Buffy and her fellow Slayers out; fearing the demonic nature of the Slayers and interpreting their agenda as terrorist. Former schoolfriend Amy and Willow's skinless victim Warren conspire with the organization. Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight is a comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics. ... Chosen, the series finale of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, is Episode 22 of Season 7. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Amy Madison is a fictional character in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by Elizabeth Anne Allen. ... Warren Mears is a fictional character in the U.S. television and comic book series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by Adam Busch. ...


Characters

Main characters

Buffy Anne Summers (played by Sarah Michelle Gellar) is "the Slayer", one in a long line of young women chosen by fate to battle evil forces. This mystic calling endows her with dramatically increased physical strength, as well as endurance, agility, ease of healing, intuition, and a limited degree of clairvoyance, usually in the form of prophetic dreams. Buffy Anne Summers is the title fictional character in the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer and the television program of the same name. ... Sarah Michelle Gellar (born April 14, 1977) is a Golden Globe-nominated, Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... A Slayer, in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy and Angel, is a young female bestowed with mystical powers that originate from the heart of a pure-demon, which gives her superhuman senses, strength, speed, endurance, agility, and healing in the fight against forces of darkness. ... For other uses of Fate, see Fate Destiny refers to a predetermined course of events. ... Clairvoyance, from 17th century French Clair meaning clear and voyant meaning seeing, is a term used to describe the transference of information about an object, location or physical event through means other than the 5 traditional senses (See Psi). ... This article or section seems to describe future events as if they have already occurred. ...


Buffy receives guidance from her Watcher, Rupert Giles (played by Anthony Stewart Head). Giles, rarely referred to by his first name, is a member of the Watchers' Council, whose job is to train the Slayers. Giles researches the supernatural creatures that Buffy must face, offering insights into their origins and advice on how to kill them. Two Watchers: Wesley and Giles In the fictional Buffyverse established by the television series Buffy and Angel, a Watcher is a member of a secret organization, the Watchers Council, devoted to tracking and combatting malevolent supernatural entities (and particularly vampires), primarily by locating individuals with the talents required to fight... Rupert Giles is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... In the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the Watchers Council is the governing body of the Watchers. ...


Buffy is also helped by friends she meets at Sunnydale High: Willow Rosenberg (Alyson Hannigan) and Xander Harris (Nicholas Brendon). Willow is originally a bookish wallflower; she provides a contrast to Buffy's outgoing personality, but shares the social isolation Buffy suffers after becoming a Slayer. As the series progresses, Willow becomes a more assertive character, a powerful witch, and comes out as a lesbian. In contrast, Xander, with no supernatural skills, provides comic relief and a grounded perspective. It is Xander who often provides the heart to the series, and in Season Six becomes the hero in place of Buffy who defeats the "Big Bad". Buffy and Willow are the only characters who appear in all 144 episodes; Xander is missing in only one. Willow Rosenberg (born either in 1980 or very early 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Alexander LaVelle Xander Harris (born 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character in the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Comic relief is the inclusion of a humorous character or scene or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension. ... Conversations with Dead People is the seventh episode of the seventh and final season of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Others

Main articles: List of Buffy characters and Buffy minor characters

The cast of characters grew over the course of the series. Buffy first arrives in Sunnydale with her mother, Joyce Summers (portrayed by Kristine Sutherland), who functions as an anchor of normality in the Scoobies' lives even after she learns of Buffy's role in the supernatural world ("Becoming, Part Two"). Buffy's teenage sister Dawn Summers (Michelle Trachtenberg) does not appear until the fifth season. This article lists the major and recurring fictional characters created by Joss Whedon for the cult television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... The following are minor fictional characters in the U.S. television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Joyce Summers (born 1958, died in 2001 in Sunnydale, California of a brain aneurysm) is a fictional character played by Kristine Sutherland on the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Kristine Sutherland is an actress best known for her role as Joyce Summers on the television show, Buffy The Vampire Slayer. ... Becoming, Part Two is episode 22 of season 2 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Dawn Summers is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, portrayed by Michelle Trachtenberg. ... Michelle Christine Trachtenberg (born October 11, 1985) is an American television and film actress. ...


The vampire with a soul, Angel (portrayed by David Boreanaz), is Buffy's love interest throughout the first three seasons. He leaves Buffy to make amends for his sins and search for redemption in his own spin-off, Angel. Angel (also known as Angelus, originally Liam) (born 1727 in Galway, Ireland) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and David Greenwalt for the television programs Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... David Paul Boreanaz (born May 16, 1969) is an American film and television actor. ... Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


At Sunnydale High, Buffy meets several other students willing to join her fight for good (alongside her friends Willow and Xander). Cordelia Chase (Charisma Carpenter), the archetypal shallow cheerleader, reluctantly becomes involved, and Daniel "Oz" Osbourne (Seth Green), a fellow student, rock guitarist and werewolf, joins the Scooby Gang through his relationship with Willow. Anya (Emma Caulfield), a former vengeance demon (Anyanka) who specialized in avenging scorned women, becomes Xander's lover after losing her powers, and joins the Scooby Gang in the fourth season. Cordelia Chase (born December 1980 in Sunnydale, California, died in 2004 in Los Angeles) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Charisma Lee Carpenter (born July 23, 1970) is an American actress. ... Daniel Oz Osbourne (born 1980 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Seth Green (born February 8, 1974, Overbrook Park, Pennsylvania) is an American actor and television producer best known for his acting roles as Doctor Evils son Scott in the Austin Powers series of comedy films and Daniel Oz Osbourne in Buffy The Vampire Slayer. ... Spoiler warning: Anya Christina Emmanuella Jenkins (born 860 in Sjornjost, Sweden and died 2003 in Sunnydale, California), formerly Aud and Anyanka, Patron Saint of Scorned Women, is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television program Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Emma Caulfield is an actress best known for her role as ex-demon Anya on the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Vengeance demons are a race of beings that appear in the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


In Buffy's senior year at school, she meets Faith (Eliza Dushku), the second current-Slayer who was brought forth when Slayer Kendra Young was killed by Drusilla, a vampire, in the second season. Although she initially fights on the side of good with Buffy and the rest of the Scooby Gang, she comes to stand against them (and along the side of The Mayor Richard Wilkins) after accidentally killing a human in the third season. She reappears briefly in the fourth season, looking for vengeance, and moves to Angel where she goes to jail for her murders. Faith reappears in season seven of Buffy, having helped Angel and crew, and fights with Buffy against the First evil. Faith Lehane (known in the TV series only as Faith) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, portrayed by Eliza Dushku. ... Eliza Patricia Dushku (born December 30, 1980) is an American film actress, who has appeared in several Hollywood movies such as True Lies, Bring It On, and Wrong Turn. ... Kendra Young (born 1981, died 1998 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Marti Noxon for the TV series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Drusilla (born circa 1840 in London, England) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... For the Australian television/entertainment personality, see Richard Wilkins (TV presenter). ... Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Buffy gathers other allies: Spike (James Marsters), a vampire, is an old companion of Angelus and one of Buffy's major enemies in early seasons, although they later become allies and lovers. Later Spike, like Angel, regains his soul. Spike is known for his Billy Idol-style platinum blond hair and his black leather duster, stolen from a previous Slayer, Nikki Wood; her son, Robin Wood, joined the Scoobies in the final season. Tara Maclay (Amber Benson) is a fellow member of Willow's Wicca group during the fourth season, and their friendship eventually turns into a romantic relationship. Buffy became involved personally and professionally with Riley Finn (Marc Blucas), a military operative in "the Initiative", which hunts demons using science and technology. Spike (aka William The Bloody) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... James Wesley Marsters (born August 20, 1962) is an American actor and musician, best known for playing the popular platinum-blond character Spike, an English of a vampire, in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel. ... Billy Idol (born William Michael Albert Broad, 30 November 1955 in Middlesex) is an English rock musician. ... Platinum Blonde may refer to: platinum blonde is a very light shade of hair colour, sometimes obtained by means of chemically bleaching out almost all natural colour from the hair. ... In My Merry Oldsmobile songbook featuring intrepid automobilists wearing dusters A duster is a light, loose-fitting coat. ... Nikki Wood is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon in the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, portrayed originally by April Weeden-Washington and later K.D. Aubert. ... Principal Robin Wood is a recurring character on the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Tara Maclay (born October 16, 1980 and died May 7, 2002 in Sunnydale, California)[1] is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Amber Nicole Benson, born on January 8, 1977, is an American actress, writer, film director, and film producer. ... For other uses, see Wicca (disambiguation). ... Riley Finn (born in Huxley, Iowa) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Marc Blucas Marc Blucas Marc Blucas Marcus Paul Blucas (born January 11, 1972 in Butler, Pennsylvania) is an American actor. ... The Initiative was a fictional secret government organization in the fictional Buffyverse established by Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ...


Buffy featured dozens of recurring characters, both major and minor. For example the "Big Bad" (villain) characters were featured for at least one season (e.g. Glorificus was a character that appeared in 13 episodes, spanning much of Season 5).[55] Similarly, characters that allied themselves to the Scooby Gang and characters which attended the same institutions were sometimes featured in multiple episodes. Glorificus, also known as Glory, The Beast, The Abomination, and That Which Cannot Be Named, is a fictional deity in the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by Clare Kramer. ...


Spinoffs

Buffy has inspired a range of official and unofficial works, including television shows, books, comics and games. This expansion of the series encouraged use of the term "Buffyverse" to describe the fictional universe in which Buffy and related stories take place.[56] Buffyverse is a term coined by fans of Joss Whedons first two television shows to refer to the shared fictional universe in which they are set. ...


The franchise has inspired Buffy action figures and merchandise such as official Buffy/Angel magazines and Buffy companion books. Eden Studios has published a Buffy role-playing game, while Score Entertainment has released a Buffy Collectible Card Game. This article is a list of action figures based on the cult television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Buffy Magazine Issue 24 (August 2001) Buffy the Vampire Slayer Magazine was first published by Titan Magazines in 1999. ... Cover of the Buffy guide, Watchers Guide Vol. ... The Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel RPGs are complementary, officially licensed role-playing games published by Eden Studios, Inc. ... The Score Entertainment logo Score Entertainment is a trading card design and manufacturing company based in Arlington, Texas. ... Sample Buffy the Vampire Slayer CCG card The Buffy the Vampire Slayer Collectible Card Game is a collectible trading card game based on the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Angel

Main article: Angel (TV series)

The spin-off Angel was introduced in October 1999, at the start of Buffy's fourth season. The series was created by Buffy's creator Joss Whedon in collaboration with David Greenwalt. Like Buffy, it was produced by the production company Mutant Enemy. At times, it performed better in the Nielsen Ratings than its parent series did.[57] Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Media spin-off is the process of deriving new radio or television programs from existing ones (see list of television spin-offs). ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... David Greenwalt is an American screenwriter. ... Mutant Enemy, Inc. ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ...


The series was given a darker tone focusing on the ongoing trials of Angel in Los Angeles. His character is tormented by guilt following the return of his soul, punishment for more than a century of murder and torture. During the first four seasons of the show, he works as a private detective in a fictionalized version of Los Angeles, California, where he and his associates work to "help the helpless" and to restore the faith and "save the souls" of those who have lost their way. Typically, this mission involves doing battle with evil demons or demonically-allied humans (primarily the law firm Wolfram & Hart), while Angel must also contend with his own violent nature. In the fifth season, the senior partners of Wolfram and Hart take a bold gamble in their campaign to corrupt Angel, giving him control of their Los Angeles office. Angel accepts the deal as an opportunity to fight evil from the inside. A private investigator, or PI, is a person who undertakes investigations. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Spoiler warning: Wolfram and Hart is an international and inter-dimensional fictional law firm in the television series Angel, its principal human faces being Holland Manners, Lilah Morgan, and Lindsey McDonald. ...


In addition to Boreanaz, Angel inherited Buffy regulars Charisma Carpenter (Cordelia Chase) and Alexis Denisof (Wesley Wyndam-Pryce), followed later by Mercedes McNab (Harmony Kendall) and James Marsters (Spike). Several actors who played Buffy characters made guest appearances on Angel, including Seth Green (Oz), Sarah Michelle Gellar (Buffy), Eliza Dushku (Faith Lehane), Tom Lenk (Andrew Wells), and Alyson Hannigan (Willow Rosenberg). Angel continued to appear occasionally on Buffy, and of Angel's unique cast, only Fred and Cordelia Chase was referred to on Buffy. Charisma Lee Carpenter (born July 23, 1970) is an American actress. ... Cordelia Chase (born December 1980 in Sunnydale, California, died in 2004 in Los Angeles) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Alexis Denisof (b. ... Wesley Wyndam-Pryce is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Douglas Petrie for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Mercedes McNab in 2004. ... Harmony Kendall (born presumably in 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television programs, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... James Wesley Marsters (born August 20, 1962) is an American actor and musician, best known for playing the popular platinum-blond character Spike, an English of a vampire, in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spinoff series Angel. ... Spike (aka William The Bloody) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Daniel Oz Osbourne (born 1980 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Eliza Patricia Dushku (born December 30, 1980) is an American film actress, who has appeared in several Hollywood movies such as True Lies, Bring It On, and Wrong Turn. ... Faith Lehane (known in the TV series only as Faith) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, portrayed by Eliza Dushku. ... Thomas Lenk (born June 16, 1976) is an actor best known for playing the character of Andrew Wells in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Andrew Wells is a fictional character in the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, played by Tom Lenk. ... Willow Rosenberg (born either in 1980 or very early 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Winifred Fred Burkle is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon and introduced by Shawn Ryan for the cult television series, Angel. ... Cordelia Chase (born December 1980 in Sunnydale, California, died in 2004 in Los Angeles) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ...


Expanded universe

Outside of the TV series, the Buffyverse has been officially expanded and elaborated on by authors and artists in the so-called "Buffyverse Expanded Universe". The creators of these works may or may not keep to established continuity. Similarly, writers for the TV series were under no obligation to use information which had been established by the Expanded Universe, and sometimes contradicted such continuity. The Buffyverse canon consists of materials that are thought to be genuine (or official) and those events, characters, settings, etc. ... // Introduction Buffyverse original novels fit into one of four categories. ... Cover to Buffy the vampire Slayer #58 and collected in Slayer Interrupted // Buffy comics. ... Expanded Universe material (e. ...


The Buffy comics are published by Dark Horse, which has retained the right to produce from 1998 onwards.[58] In 2003, Whedon wrote an eight-issue miniseries for Dark Horse Comics entitled Fray, about a Slayer in the future. Following the publication of Tales of the Vampires in 2004, Dark Horse Comics halted publication on Buffyverse-related comics and graphic novels. The company has recently announced that Whedon will be producing another comic series with twenty issues beginning in March 2007, to pick up where the television show left off — taking the place of an eighth canonical season.[59] The first story arc is also written by Whedon, and is called "The Long Way Home" which has been widely well-received, with circulation rivalling industry leaders DC and Marvel's top-selling titles.[60] Cover to a Dark Horse Buffy comic) // These were published by Dark Horse, originally in comic format but then gathered into volumes of trade paperbacks. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fray is an eight-issue comic book limited series about Melaka Fray, a Slayer in the future, written by Buffy the Vampire Slayer creator Joss Whedon and drawn by Karl Moline (pencils) and Andy Owens (inks). ... Tales of the Vampires was a miniseries of comic books (later collected in a single trade paperback) set in the Buffyverse. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight is a comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics. ... March 2007 is the third month of the year. ... Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... The Long Way Home is the first arc from the Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight series of comic books based upon the television series of the same name, and is written by creator Joss Whedon. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ...


Pocket Books hold the license to produce Buffy novels, of which they have published more than sixty since 1998. These sometimes flesh out background information on characters; for example, Go Ask Malice provides lots of information about Faith Lehane. The most recent novels include Carnival of Souls, Blackout, Portal Through Time and Bad Bargain. They continue to be released, with an upcoming book scheduled for April 2007. Pocket Books is the name of a subdivision of Simon & Schuster publishers. ... // Introduction A large number of books have been published since 1998 by Pocket Pulse, and Simon Spotlight Entertainment. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Canonicity warning: The following is not considered canonical in the Buffyverse. ... Faith Lehane (known in the TV series only as Faith) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, portrayed by Eliza Dushku. ... Book Cover // Book Information Author(s): Nancy Holder Substance: 320 pages Publisher: Pocket Books Date first published: March 28, 2006 Book Description Spoiler warning: [To be revealed - Book not out until March 2006] Continuity Suppose to be set in BtVSs second season, after Spike and Dru, have arrived in... Book cover // Book Information Author(s): Keith R.A. DeCandido Substance: 256 pages Publisher: Pocket Books Date first published: August 29, 2006 Book Description Spoiler warning: It is 1977, the summer of a brutal blackout, the time of the Son of Sam murders, and a period of brutal fiscal disaster... Portal Through Time is an original novel based on the U.S. television series Buffy. ... Bad Bargain is an original novel based on the U.S. television series Buffy. ... The Deathless is an original novel based on the U.S. television series Buffy. ... April 2007 is the fourth month of the year. ...


Five official Buffy video games have been released on portable and home consoles. The most recent, Chaos Bleeds, was released in 2003 for Gamecube, Xbox and PlayStation 2. This was the first game that allowed players to take control of characters other than Buffy Summers. The cover of the Buffy video game, Chaos Bleeds Five official video game adaptations of the cult television program Buffy the Vampire Slayer have been released. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nintendo GameCube (Japanese: &#12466;&#12540;&#12512;&#12461;&#12517;&#12540;&#12502;; originally code-named Dolphin during development; abbreviated as GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the 128-bit era; the same generation as Segas Dreamcast, Sonys PlayStation 2, and Microsofts Xbox. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... “PS2” redirects here. ...


Undeveloped spinoffs

The popularity of Buffy and Angel has led to attempts to develop more on-screen ventures in the fictional 'Buffyverse'. These projects remain undeveloped and may never be greenlighted. In 2002, two potential spinoffs were in discussion: Buffy the Animated Series and Ripper. Buffy the Animated Series was a proposed animated TV show based on Buffy; Whedon and Jeph Loeb were to be executive producers for the show, and most of the cast from Buffy were to return to voice their characters. 20th Century Fox showed an interest in developing and selling the show to another network. A three-minute pilot was completed in 2004, but was never picked up. Whedon revealed to The Hollywood Reporter: "We just couldn't find a home for [it]. We had six or seven hilarious scripts from our own staff — and nobody wanted it."[61] Neither the pilot nor the scripts have been seen outside of the entertainment industry, though writer Jane Espenson has teasingly revealed small extracts from some of her scripts for the show.[62] The popular fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel has led to attempts to develop more commerically viable programs set in the fictional Buffyverse. However some of these projects remain undeveloped for various reasons: Sometimes vital cast members may be unavailable. ... To greenlight a project, in the context of the movie business, is to formally approve production finance, thereby allowing the project to move forward from the development phase to pre-production and, barring disasters, principal photography. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Canonical warning: The followings canonical status in the Buffyverse is unclear: Buffy the Animated Series was an undeveloped animated TV show based on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... The popular fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel has led to attempts to develop more commerically viable programs set in the fictional Buffyverse. However some of these projects remain undeveloped for various reasons: Sometimes vital cast members may be unavailable. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Joseph Jeph Loeb III (b. ... 20th Century Fox Television is the television production division of the 20th Century Fox movie studio, a subsidiary of News Corporation. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jane Espenson is an American writer who has worked on several television series and comic books, as well as on a variety of other projects. ...

Eric Wight's sketch of Buffy for the animated series

Ripper was originally a proposed television show based upon the character of Rupert Giles portrayed by Anthony Stewart Head. More recent information has suggested that if Ripper were ever made, it would be a TV movie or a DVD movie.[63] There was little heard about the series until 2007 when Joss Whedon confirmed that talks were almost completed for a 90 minute Ripper special on BBC,[1] with both Head and the BBC completely on board.. Image File history File linksMetadata Buffythevampireslayer-5. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Buffythevampireslayer-5. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Buffy Anne Summers is the eponymous fictional character in the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the television program of the same name and its numerous spin-offs, such as novels, comic books, and video games. ... Canonical warning: The followings canonical status in the Buffyverse is unclear: Buffy the Animated Series was an undeveloped animated TV show based on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Rupert Giles is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Anthony Stewart Head (born 20 February 1954) is an English actor who has appeared in theatre, television and films. ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ...


In 2003, a year after the first public discussions on Buffy the Animated Series and Ripper, Buffy was nearing its end. Espenson has said that during this time spin-offs were discussed, "I think Marti talked with Joss about Slayer School and Tim Minear talked with him about Faith on a motorcycle. I assume there was some back-and-forth pitching."[64] Espenson has revealed that Slayer School might have used new slayers and potentially included Willow Rosenberg, but Whedon did not think that such a spinoff felt right.[65] Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marti Noxon is a television and film writer perhaps best known for her work as a writer and executive producer on Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... The popular fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel has led to attempts to develop more commerically viable programs set in the fictional Buffyverse. However some of these projects remain undeveloped for various reasons: Sometimes vital cast members may be unavailable. ... Tim Minear (born October 29, 1963) is an American screenwriter and director. ... Willow Rosenberg (born either in 1980 or very early 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Dushku declined the pitch for a Buffyverse TV series based on Faith and instead agreed to a deal to produce Tru Calling. Dushku explained to IGN: "It would have been a really hard thing to do, and not that I wouldn't have been up for a challenge, but with it coming on immediately following [Buffy], I think that those would have been really big boots to fill."[66] Tim Minear explained some of the ideas behind the aborted series: "The show was basically going to be Faith meets Kung Fu. It would have been Faith, probably on a motorcycle, crossing the earth, trying to find her place in the world."[67] The popular fictional Buffyverse established by TV series, Buffy and Angel has led to attempts to develop more commerically viable programs set in the fictional Buffyverse. However some of these projects remain undeveloped for various reasons: Sometimes vital cast members may be unavailable. ... Tru Calling is an American television program, which premiered on the Fox Network in October 2003. ... IGN is a multimedia news and reviews website that focuses heavily on video games. ... Kung Fu (1972-1975) was an award-winning American television series which starred David Carradine. ...


Finally, during the summer of 2004 after the end of Angel, a movie about Spike was proposed.[68] The movie would have been directed by Tim Minear and starred Marsters and Amy Acker and featured Alyson Hannigan.[69] Outside the 2006 Saturn Awards, Whedon announced that he had pitched the concept to various bodies but had yet to receive any feedback.[70] Spike is a proposed movie based upon the character of Spike from Buffy & Angel. ... Spike (aka William The Bloody) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. ... Amy Acker at the Serenity premiere, 2005 Amy Louise Acker (born December 5, 1976) is an American actress. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ...


Also, it was announced on the SciFi.com Wire, that there is a chance of a "Ripper" movie following Rupert Giles, to be produced for the BBC.


Cultural impact

Buffy has had a cultural impact on a number of media. It has impacted television studies and inspired fan-made films, it has been parodied and referenced, and has even influenced other television series. Television studies is an academic discipline that deals with critical approaches to television. ...


Academia

Main article: Buffy studies

Buffy is notable for attracting the interest of scholars of popular culture as a subset of popular culture studies. Academic settings increasingly include the show as a topic of literary study and analysis.[71][72] National Public Radio describes Buffy as having a "special following among academics, some of whom have staked a claim in what they call "Buffy Studies."[73] Though not widely recognized as a distinct discipline, the term "Buffy studies" is commonly used amongst the peer-reviewed academic Buffy-related writings.[74] The response to this attention has had its critics. For example, Jes Battis, who authored Blood Relations in Buffy and Angel, admits that study of the Buffyverse "invokes an uneasy combination of enthusiasm and ire", and meets "a certain amount of disdain from within the halls of the academy".[75] Nonetheless Buffy (1997–2003) eventually led to the publication of around twenty books and hundreds of articles examining the themes of the show from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives including sociology, Speech Communication, psychology, philosophy, and women's studies.[76] One of many scholarly books published about the fictional Buffyverse; Blood Relations: Chosen Families in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel. Buffy Studies is a subset of the academic field of cultural studies. ... Popular culture studies is the academic discipline studying popular culture. ... “NPR” redirects here. ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge) is an academic and applied discipline that studies society and human social interaction. ... Bold text This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhÄ“, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Fandom and fan films

See also: Buffyverse (fan films)

The popularity of Buffy has led to websites, online discussion forums, works of Buffy fan fiction and several unofficial fan-made productions. Buffy fan films have been created for distribution on the internet. In 2001 "Fluffy the English Vampire Slayer" was released and became "one of the first widely watched Whedonverse fan films".[77] Several notable fan films have been inspired by the fictional universe (Buffyverse) established by television series Buffy and Angel. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... Several notable fan films have been inspired by the fictional universe (Buffyverse) established by television series Buffy and Angel. ... Canonicity warning: The following is not considered canonical in the Buffyverse. ...


Parodies

Main article: Buffyverse parodies

The show has been spoofed by several sketch comedy shows. For example MADtv featured a "Buffy the Umpire Slayer" sketch, in which Buffy slew umpires in high school baseball games.[78] Buffy cast members have been involved in spoofs as well. Another episode of MADtv featured guest star Michelle Trachtenberg as Dawn in a sketch called "Bunny the Vampire Slayer" with MADtv character Bunny Swan (Alex Borstein). Even Sarah Michelle Gellar has participated in several parody sketches, including a Saturday Night Live sketch in which the Slayer is relocated to the Seinfeld universe,[79] and adding her voice to an episode of Robot Chicken that parodied a would-be eighth season of Buffy (Seth Green, who played Oz on Buffy, co-created this series).[80] Screenshot from The Bigger Picture with Graham Norton clip, Poofy the Vampire Slayer. Left, Graham Norton. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... MADtv is an American sketch comedy television series based on the humor magazine, Mad. ... Home plate umpire Gary Darling signals that the last pitch was a strike In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and meting out discipline. ... Michelle Christine Trachtenberg (born October 11, 1985) is an American television and film actress. ... Alexandrea Borstein (born February 15, 1973)[1] is an American actress, voice actor, writer and comedian. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90 minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City that has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... This article is about the sitcom. ... Robot Chicken is an American stop motion animated television series produced by Stoop!d Monkey, ShadowMachine Films, Williams Street, and Sony Pictures Digital, currently airing in the US as a part of Cartoon Networks Adult Swim line-up, in Britain as part of Bravos Adult Swim line-up...


There are several Buffy adult parodies, web comic parodies include Muffin the Vampire Baker on the Sluggy Freelance webcomic, and several musical spoofs including: Once More With Hobbits, which rewrites the lyrics of Buffy's musical episode "Once More, with Feeling" and the filk song "Angel's Lament".[81] Buffy the Vampire Slayer is a culturally influential American television series based upon the 1992 film of the same name. ... Sluggy Freelance is a popular, long-running webcomic written and drawn by Pete Abrams. ... Webcomics, also known as online comics and internet comics, are comics that are available to read on the Internet. ... Filk is a form of music created from within fandom, and performed generally late at night at science fiction conventions. ...


Cultural references

The series, which employed pop culture references as a frequent humorous device, has itself become a frequent pop culture reference in video games, comics and television shows. Popular culture, sometimes called pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ...

  • Anarchy Online (June 27, 2001) features a decorative statue called the "Marble Statue of the Goddess Buffy Summers".
  • In the video game The X-Files: Resist or Serve (March 14, 2004), Max Payne (July 25, 2001) a secret room contains a staked corpse with "Buffy" smeared on the wall in blood[2].
  • Archie Comics the character Betty Cooper dresses up as Bunny the Vampire Slayer for a Halloween costume party.
  • The Wotch - [3] web comic frequently references Buffy.
  • In the House of Mouse episode "Gone Goofy", when Donald Duck is watching TV, there is a show on called "Goofy the Vampire Slayer".
  • In the Friends episode entitled "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry", Phoebe's sister Ursula stars in a (porn) movie entitled Buffay the Vampire Layer.[82]
  • In the Supernatural episode "Hell House", two amateur ghost hunters ask themselves "What would Buffy do?"[83]
  • In the Farscape episode "Promises", John Crichton, confronted by Scorpius whom he thought dead, asks "Kryptonite? Silver Bullet? Buffy?!? What's it gonna take to keep you in the grave?"[84]
  • In 2005, a Trans-Neptunian object 2004 XR190 was unofficially named "Buffy", after the main character of the series.[85]
  • In the 33rd issue of Birds of Prey, the Blue Beetle accepts a mission from Oracle, saying, "Buffy's in reruns. Why not?"
  • In the Xena: Warrior Princess episode "The Play's the Thing", a theater critic remarks, "I hear "Buffus the Bacchae Slayer" is playing next door."[86]
  • In the 2004 Russian film "Night Watch" a major character is seen watching television which is airing a scene from the show where Buffy meets Dracula in the cemetery - dubbed into Russian.
  • In an episode of Smallville ("Thirst"), Lana Lang is changed into a vampire by a blonde sorority girl by the name of "Buffy Sanders".
  • On an episode of Charmed, Phoebe and Prue are walking in a tomb, when Phoebe asks, "Where's Buffy when you need her?"
  • In the Canadian series Big Wolf on Campus, one episode features "Muffy the Werewolf Slayer" and one of its characters(Merton Dingle)is infatuated with Sarah Michelle Gellar.
  • In Will & Grace, the title characters have been shown in several episodes as watching the show as well as the character Jack stating "Buffy is my life" in the episode "Love Plus One".
  • In the fifth season of "Gilmore Girls", Episode 10 entitled: "But Not As Cute As Pushkin", right before Paris gets ready to go out she asks Rory how she looks, Rory says, "It's 11 o'clock at night who you lookin' to hook up with, Spike and Drusilla?"
  • During the prom in the second season finale of South of Nowhere, Ashley remarks, "Come on, let's go before the hellmouth opens."

Anarchy Online (AO) [1] is a science fiction MMORPG released in June 2001 by Funcom set on the world of Rubi-Ka and its extra-dimensional twin, the Shadowlands. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Max Payne is a third-person shooter computer game developed by the Finnish company Remedy Entertainment, produced by 3D Realms and published by Gathering of Developers in July, 2001 for Windows. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Archie Comics is an American comic book publisher known for its many series featuring the fictional teenage Archie Andrews, Betty Cooper, Veronica Lodge, Reggie Mantle and Forsythe Jughead Jones characters created by Bob Montana. ... The Wotch is a webcomic by Anne Onymous and Robin Ericson. The first daily page appeared on November 21, 2002. ... The House of Mouse is a Disney cartoon show where Mickey Mouse and his friends run a nighclub called The House of Mouse, which shows Disney cartons as part of its floor show. ... For the use of the word in a general sense, see Friendship. ... The One Where Chandler Cant Cry is episode 14 of season 6 of the situation comedy series Friends. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of recurring characters on the American sitcom Friends. ... Supernatural is an American paranormal drama television series that debuted on September 13 2005 on the WB, and is now part of The CWs lineup, where the second season premiered on September 28 2006. ... This is a list of episodes for the paranormal drama television series Supernatural. ... Farscape (1999–2003) is a science fiction television series, featuring a present-day astronaut who accidentally travels through a wormhole to a distant part of the galaxy. ... A trans-Neptunian object (TNO) is any object in the solar system that orbits the sun at a greater distance on average than Neptune. ... 2004 XR190 (also written 2004 XR190) is a newly discovered trans-Neptunian object located in the scattered disc. ... Birds of Prey is a comic book published by DC Comics that features the adventures of a group of female superheroes who are based in Gotham City (and later Metropolis). ... Xena. ... It has been suggested that Chloe Sullivan, Lionel Luthor, Whitney Fordman and Jason Teague be merged into this article or section. ... This article contains a complete summary of the fifth season of the American drama action/adventure sci-fi television series Smallville. ... Lana Lang is a supporting character in DC Comics Superman series. ... Charmed is an American television series that ran for eight seasons on The WB. It was produced by Aaron Spelling and is about three sisters who are the worlds most powerful good witches, known throughout the supernatural community as The Charmed Ones but known to everyone else as the... Phoebe Halliwell is a fictional character on the WB television series Charmed portrayed by Alyssa Milano. ... Prudence Prue Halliwell, is a fictional character who appeared in the first three seasons of the WB television series Charmed, and was played by actress Shannen Doherty. ... Will & Grace is a popular Emmy Award winning and Golden Globe nominated American television sitcom that was originally broadcast from 1998 to 2006. ... List of Will & Grace episodes: // Will & Grace season 1 dvd cover. ... Gilmore Girls was an American television drama/comedy that began on October 5, 2000 and aired its final episode on May 15, 2007. ... The following is a list of episodes of the television show Gilmore Girls. ... Paris Eustace Geller is a fictional character on the television series Gilmore Girls, played by Liza Weil. ... Information Nickname(s) Rory, Mary (from Tristan DuGrey), Ace (from Logan Huntzberger) Age 22 Date of birth October 8, 1984 Occupation journalist Family Lorelai Gilmore (mother) Christopher Hayden (father) Georgia GiGi Tinsdale (half-sister) Spouse(s) Logan Huntzberger (Ex-boyfriend) Dean Forester (Ex-boyfriend) Jess Mariano (Ex-boyfriend) Relatives Emily... Information Nickname(s) Rory, Mary (from Tristan DuGrey), Ace (from Logan Huntzberger) Age 22 Date of birth October 8, 1984 Occupation journalist Family Lorelai Gilmore (mother) Christopher Hayden (father) Georgia GiGi Tinsdale (half-sister) Spouse(s) Logan Huntzberger (Ex-boyfriend) Dean Forester (Ex-boyfriend) Jess Mariano (Ex-boyfriend) Relatives Emily... // This is an episode list for the teen drama South of Nowhere. ... South of Nowhere is an American television series created by Thomas W. Lynch. ... ...

U.S. ratings

Season US Ratings Network Rank
1 1997 3.7 Million The WB #144
2 1997–1998 5.2 Million The WB #133
3 1998–1999 5.4 Million The WB #120
4 1999–2000 4.7 Million The WB #119
5 2000–2001 4.4 Million The WB #118
6 2001–2002 4.6 Million UPN #124
7 2002–2003 4.2 Million UPN #138

Buffy helped put The WB on the ratings map, but by the time the aging series landed at UPN in 2001 it had lost much of its bite. Buffy the Vampire Slayer had a series high during the third season with 5.4 million viewers, and a series low with 3.7 million during the first season. From seasons 5–7 the show hardly ever reached 5 million viewers. It did not compete with shows on the big four networks (CBS, ABC, NBC, and Fox) but The WB were impressed with the young audience that the show was bringing in. So because of this The WB ordered a full season of 22 episodes for the series' second season. After the episode "Surprise", Buffy was moved from Monday nights to a lower rated night Tuesday hoping that Buffy's strong appeal to the youth would help the network. The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... CBS Broadcasting, Inc. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... The Warner Bros. ... List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Surprise is Episode 13 in Season 2 of the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Impact on television

Commentators of the entertainment industry including All Movie Guide, The Hollywood Reporter and The Washington Post have cited Buffy as "influential".[87] Autumn 2003 saw several new shows going into production in the U.S. that featured strong females who are forced to come to terms with supernatural power or destiny while trying to maintain a normal life.[88] These post-Buffy shows include Dead Like Me and Joan of Arcadia. Bryan Fuller, the creator of Dead Like Me, said that "[Buffy] showed that young women could be in situations that were both fantastic and relatable, and instead of shunting women off to the side, it put them at the center."[88] Buffy, while itself taking certain elements from the classic series of Doctor Who (1963–1989) (even referencing it in one episode), became a blueprint for the revived series (2005-),[89] and executive producer Russell T. Davies has said This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Dead Like Me is an American television comedy-drama created by Bryan Fuller for the Showtime network starring Ellen Muth and Mandy Patinkin as grim reapers in Seattle, Washington. ... Joan of Arcadia was an American television fantasy/family drama which aired on Fridays, 8-9 p. ... Bryan Fuller (born July 27, 1969) is an American scriptwriter. ... Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who travels in his TARDIS (Time And Relative Dimension(s) In Space) time ship, which appears from the exterior... Smashed is the 9th episode of season 6 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Russell T Davies, interviewed for the documentary series Doctor Who Confidential in 2005. ...

Buffy the Vampire Slayer showed the whole world, and an entire sprawling industry, that writing monsters and demons and end-of-the world isn't hack-work, it can challenge the best. Joss Whedon raised the bar for every writer—not just genre/niche writers, but every single one of us.[90]

In addition, Buffy alumni have gone on to write for or create other shows, some of which bear a notable resemblance to the style and concepts of Buffy. Such endeavors include Tru Calling (Douglas Petrie, Jane Espenson and even lead actress Eliza Dushku), Wonderfalls (Tim Minear), Point Pleasant (Marti Noxon), Jake 2.0 (David Greenwalt), The Inside (Tim Minear), Smallville (Steven S. DeKnight) and Lost (Drew Goddard, David Fury) Tru Calling is an American television program, which premiered on the Fox Network in October 2003. ... Douglas Petrie is most well known for his work on Buffy the Vampire Slayer, having written the scripts for seventeen episodes, and directed three. ... Jane Espenson is an American writer who has worked on several television series and comic books, as well as on a variety of other projects. ... Eliza Patricia Dushku (born December 30, 1980) is an American film actress, who has appeared in several Hollywood movies such as True Lies, Bring It On, and Wrong Turn. ... Wonderfalls is a television series whose plot centers on Jaye Tyler (Caroline Dhavernas), a recent Brown University graduate with a philosophy degree who holds a dead-end job as a sales clerk at a Niagara Falls gift shop. ... Tim Minear (born October 29, 1963) is an American screenwriter and director. ... Point Pleasant is a television series that first aired on the Fox Network in January 2005. ... Jake 2. ... David Greenwalt is an American screenwriter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Chloe Sullivan, Lionel Luthor, Whitney Fordman and Jason Teague be merged into this article or section. ... Steven S. DeKnight is a television script-writer best known for working on Smallville, Buffy, and Angel Buffy episodes Main article: List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Seeing Red (2002) TV Episode (writer) Dead Things (2002) TV Episode (writer) All the Way (2001) TV Episode (writer) Spiral (2001) TV... Lost is an Emmy Award and Golden Globe-winning American serial drama television series that follows the lives of plane crash survivors on a mysterious tropical island, after a passenger jet flying between Australia and the United States crashes somewhere in the South Pacific. ... Drew Goddard is a television script-writer best known for working on Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Alias. ... David Fury is an acclaimed American writer. ...


Meanwhile, the Parents Television Council complained of efforts to "deluge their young viewing audiences with adult themes."[91] The FCC, however, rejected the Council's indecency complaint concerning the violent sex scene between Buffy and Spike in Smashed (Buffy episode).[92] The BBC, however, chose to censor some of the more controversial sexual content.[93] The Parents Television Council (PTC) is a US-based self-proclaimed nonpartisan[1], nonprofit organization founded by conservative activist L. Brent Bozell III whose stated goal is to promote and restore responsibility to the entertainment industry. ... The abbreviation FCC can refer to: Face-centered cubic (usually fcc), a crystallographic structure Federal Communications Commission, a US government organization Farm Credit Corporation/Farm Credit Canada, a Canadian government organization Families with Children from China, an adoption support organization Florida Christian College, a college in central Florida Fresno City... Smashed is the 9th episode of season 6 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ...


Some Christian groups also worried about the positive portrayal of witchcraft.[94] Christian views on witchcraft arise from scriptural, theological, and historical considerations. ... For other uses, see Witchcraft (disambiguation). ...


Series information

The first season was introduced as a mid-season replacement for the short-lived night-time soap opera Savannah, and therefore was made up of only 12 episodes. Each subsequent season was built up of 22 episodes. Discounting the unaired Buffy pilot, the seven seasons make up a total of 144 Buffy episodes aired between 1997 and 2003. Savannah was a short-lived TV series that ran from March 1996 to February 1997 on The WB. Savannah on the cover of TV Guide magazine. ... List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Known to fans as the unaired Buffy pilot, this thirty-minute production by Joss Whedon was never intended to air. ... The Chosen Collection of Buffy the Vampire Slayer (seasons 1 - 7). ...


Awards and nominations

Buffy has gathered a number of awards and nominations which include an Emmy Award nomination for the 2000 episode "Hush", which featured an extended sequence with no character dialogue.[95] The 2001 episode "The Body" revolved around the death of Buffy's mother. It was filmed with no musical score, only diegetic music; it was nominated for a Nebula Award in 2002.[95] The fall 2001 musical episode "Once More, with Feeling" received plaudits, but was omitted from Emmy nomination ballots by "accident". It has since been featured on Channel 4's "100 Greatest Musicals".[96] This article lists awards and nominations received by the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... An Emmy Award. ... List of Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes Hush is the 10th episode of season 4 of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... The Body is the 16th episode of season 5 of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... According to Gerald Prince in A Dictionary of Narratology, diegesis is (1) The (fictional) world in which the situations and events narrated occur; (2) Telling, recounting, as opposed to showing, enacting. ... The Nebula is an award given each year by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA), for the best science fiction/fantasy fiction published in the United States during the two previous years (see rolling eligibility below). ... Once More, With Feeling is a musical episode of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... This article is about the British television station. ...


DVD releases

DVD Release date
United States United Kingdom Australia
The Complete First Season January 15, 2002 November 27, 2000 November 20, 2000
The Complete Second Season June 11, 2002 May 21, 2001 June 15, 2001
The Complete Third Season January 7, 2003 October 29, 2001 November 22, 2001
The Complete Fourth Season June 10, 2003 May 13, 2002 May 20, 2002
The Complete Fifth Season December 9, 2003 October 28, 2002 November 29, 2002
The Complete Sixth Season May 25, 2004 May 12, 2003 April 20, 2003
The Complete Seventh Season November 16, 2004 April 5, 2004 May 15, 2004
The Chosen Collection (Seasons 1–7) November 15, 2005
The Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1–7) October 31, 2005 November 23, 2005

The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Extremely Limited Edition (Europe & Australia) Complete DVD Collection (Seasons 1 - 7) DVDs of the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer were produced by 20th Century Fox and released beginning in 2000. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Footnotes and references

All links retrieved and checked as of March 9, 2007.
  1. ^ Wahoske, Matthew J., "Nielsen Ratings For Buffy The Vampire Slayer, Angel, And Firefly", Insightbb.com (2004).
  2. ^ "The Dual Network Rule.", Federal Communications Commission (May 15, 2001): "the four major broadcast networks are unique among the media in their ability to reach a wide audience"
  3. ^ Kaiser Family Foundation"Generation M: Media in the Lives of 8–18 Year Olds", Kff.org (March 9, 2005). The article says that "Mr. Levin was a key player in establishing The WB's distinct brand and youth appeal through programming such as “Dawson's Creek,” “Buffy the Vampire Slayer,” “7th Heaven,” “Charmed,” “Felicity,” “Smallville,” “Gilmore Girls,” “Everwood” and “One Tree Hill.”"
  4. ^ For example: Various DVD reviewers, Buffy: "First season reviews", "Third season reviews", "Fourth season reviews", "Fifth season reviews", "Sixth season reviews", "Seventh season reviews", Rotten Tomatoes (updated 2006). The series has positive reviews from numerous reviewers.
  5. ^ Schneider, Michael & Adalian, Josef, "WB revisits glory days", Variety.com (June 30, 2006).
  6. ^ For example: Dillard, Brian J., "Buffy the Vampire Slayer [TV Series]", All Movie Guide (2003 or after): "wildly influential cult hit". Harrington, Richard, "Joss Whedon's New Frontier", The Washington Post (September 30, 2005): "One of the best, most influential, genre-defining television series in decades".
  7. ^ "Buffy: Television with Bite" Buffy sixth season DVD set, Disc six (2003), 2 minutes, 15 seconds onwards.
  8. ^ a b Billson, Anne, Buffy the Vampire Slayer (BFI TV Classics S.). British Film Institute (December 5, 2005), pp24–25.
  9. ^ Gottlieb, Allie, "Buffy's Angels", Metroactive.com (September 26, 2002).
  10. ^ Havens, Candace, Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy Benbella Books (May 1, 2003), p51. Fran Kuzui also discussed Buffy in Golden, Christopher, & Holder, Nancy, Watcher's Guide Vol. 1. Simon & Schuster (October 1, 1998), pp247–248.
  11. ^ Havens, Candace, Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy Benbella Books (May 1, 2003), p23.
  12. ^ Brundage, James, "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" film review. Filmcritic.com (1999). An example of the praise given to the script and dialogue behind the Buffy movie.
  13. ^ Buffy the Vampire Slayer at Rottentomatoes.com
  14. ^ Golden, Christopher, and Holder, Nancy, Watcher's Guide Vol. 1. Simon & Schuster (October 1, 1998), pp249–250
  15. ^ 'Said, SF', "Interview with Joss Whedon by SF Said", Shebytches.com (2005).
  16. ^ a b Wilcox, Rhonda V.; David Lavery (April 2002). "Introduction", Fighting the Forces: What's at Stake in Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Rowman & Littlefield, page xix. 
  17. ^ Topping, Keith "Slayer". Virgin Publishing, (December 1, 2004), p7
  18. ^ "Buffy, The Vampire Slayer, Forgotten Premiere Trailer" Tvobscurities.com (July 16, 2003).
  19. ^ a b Various authors, "Joss Whedon", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  20. ^ Various authors, "Fran Kuzui" and "Kaz Kuzui", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  21. ^ Morgan, David, "Wide Angel Closeup: Director, Producer and Film Distributor Fran Rubel Kuzui" AOL.com (June 10, 1992); "Buffy was a film that I owned, this was the first time I owned a film". Also see Golden, Christopher, and Holder, Nancy, Watcher's Guide Vol. 1. Simon & Schuster (October 1, 1998), "Gail Berman and Fran Kuzui came to [Whedon] to ask if he wanted to do the TV series" (p241). Also see Watcher's Guide Vol. 1, pp246–249.
  22. ^ Various authors, Internet Movie Database entries: "Steven S. DeKnight", "Jane Espenson", "David Fury", "Drew Goddard", "Rebecca Rand Kirshner", "Marti Noxon", "Doug Petrie". Internet Movie Database Internet Movie Database (2006).
  23. ^ Espenson, Jane, "The Writing Process", Fireflyfans.net (2003).
  24. ^ Various authors, "Sarah Michelle Gellar" Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  25. ^ Various authors, "Awards for Sarah Michelle Gellar" Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  26. ^ Havens, Candace, Joss Whedon: The Genius Behind Buffy Benbella Books (May 1, 2003), p35–36.
  27. ^ Various authors, "Anthony Head" Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  28. ^ Golden, Christopher, & Holder, Nancy Watcher's Guide Vol. 1. Simon & Schuster (October 1, 1998), "His long-lasting fame as the romantic and intriguing coffee guy is gradually being replaced by his new image as librarian in Buffy, p210 (October 1, 1998).
  29. ^ Various authors, "Nicholas Brendon" Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  30. ^ Anonymous, "NickBrendon.com; biography" Nickbrendon.com (updated 2006).
  31. ^ Kappes, Serena, "Xander Slays His Demon", Nickbrendon.com, originally from People.com, (May 2001).
  32. ^ Golden, Christopher, and Holder, Nancy, Watcher's Guide Vol. 1. Simon & Schuster (October 1, 1998), Brendon said "Four days. That's fast.", p199.
  33. ^ a b Various authors, "Alyson Hannigan" Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  34. ^ Golden, Christopher, and Holder, Nancy, Watcher's Guide Vol. 1. Simon & Schuster (October 1, 1998), p202.
  35. ^ See: Kaiser Family Foundation "Generation M: Media in the Lives of 8–18 Year Olds", Kff.org (March 9, 2005), Schneider, Michael & Adalian, Josef, "WB revisits glory days", Variety.com (June 30, 2006).
  36. ^ Burr, Vivien, "Buffy vs the BBC: Moral Questions and How to Avoid Them" Slayageonline.com (March 2003), p1.
  37. ^ "Angel Creator Joss Whedon Sees Evolution of TV Shows on DVD" Video Store Mag (August 28, 2003).
  38. ^ "Stake Out", Entertainment Weekly (February 26, 2003).
  39. ^ Haberman, Lia, "A Buffy-less "Buffy"? Have Faith", E! Online (February 11, 2003).
  40. ^ See Brown, Scott, "First Look: The new 'Buffy' comic", Entertainment Weekly (July 18, 2006), "Buffy the Vampire Slayer Update" Comics Continuum (September 18, 2006).
  41. ^ "Before Nerf Herder, the original Buffy theme: "Codo" by 1980s Austrian band, Döf." Whedonesque.com (October 2006).
  42. ^ Buffy the Vampire Slayer first season DVD set. 20th Century Fox (region 2, 2000), disc one.
  43. ^ a b c Halfyard, Janet K. "Love, Death, Curses and Reverses (in F minor): Music, Gender, and Identity in Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel", Slayageonline.com (December 2001).
  44. ^ a b c "Buffy: Inside the Music" from "Buffy the Vampire Slayer Complete Fourth Season DVD set 20th Century Fox (May 13, 2002), disc three.
  45. ^ Various authors, "Sets and Locations", The Ultimate Buffy and Angel Trivia Guide (updated 2007).
  46. ^ Yovanovich, Linda, "Young Blood", Smgfan.com, originally from OnSat (July 14, 1997), Whedon said: "[High school as hell] was always the basis of the show. When they said, 'Do you want to turn it into a show?' The character was not enough alone to sustain it. But you know when I thought of the idea of the horror movies as a metaphor for high school, [I said] okay this is something that will work week to week."
  47. ^ a b Various authors, "Titles with locations including Torrance High School", Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  48. ^ "Joss Whedon: Executive Producer of Angel", Cityofangel.com (2006). Also see Flowers, Phoebe, "Sixth season was last great one for Buffy - Dvd Review", Tvshows.nu (June 16, 2004). Executive Producer Marti Noxon stated: "I'm basically trying to write My So-Called Life with vampires".
  49. ^ P., Ken, "An Interview with Joss Whedon", Ign.com (June 23, 2003), web-page 6.
  50. ^ Whedon, Joss "Kitty Pryde influenced Buffy" Whedonesque.com (February 27, 2004).
  51. ^ Miles, Lawrence, Dusted, Mad Norwegian Press (November 2003).
  52. ^ Nevitt, Lucy, & Smith, Andy William, "Family Blood is always the Sweetest: The Gothic Transgressions of Angel/Angelusby", Refractory: a Journal of Entertainment Media Vol. II (March, 2003): Nevitt and Smith bring attention to Buffy's use of pastiche: "Multiple pastiche without enabling commentary is doubtless self-canceling, yet, at the same time, each element of pastiche calls into temporary being what and why it imitates."
  53. ^ Shuttleworth, Ian, "Bite me, professor" Financial Times, citing interview from The New York Times (September 11, 2003).
  54. ^ "Bye-Bye Buffy", CBSnews.com (May 20, 2003).
  55. ^ "Clare Kramer; TV Episode Filmography By Series" Internet Movie Database (updated 2006).
  56. ^ Walton, Andy, "Slang-age in the Buffyverse", CNN (February 18, 2004 ).
  57. ^ Wahoske, Matthew J., "Nielsen Ratings For Buffy The Vampire Slayer, Angel, And Firefly", Insightbb.com (2004).
  58. ^ Anonymous, "Buffy the Vampire Slayer #1" Dark Horse Comics ("Buffy the Vampire Slayer #1" released September 23, 1998).
  59. ^ See Brown, Scott, "First Look: The new 'Buffy' comic", Entertainment Weekly (July 18, 2006), "Buffy the Vampire Slayer Update" Comics Continuum (September 18, 2006).
  60. ^ DC Comics Month-to-month Sales: April 2007 (Other Publishers: Dark Horse). The Beat. Retrieved on 2007-06-04.
  61. ^ Hockensmith, Steve, "Dialogue with 'Buffy' creator Joss Whedon", Hollywoodreporter.com, requires subscription, (May 16, 2003)
  62. ^ Espenson, Jane, "Reading what's been written to sound written as it's spoken", Janeespenson.com (May 9, 2006) & "Sorry, JVC, but it's simply true", Janeespenson.com (May 11, 2006).
  63. ^ UK Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel Magazine. Titan Magazines, Issue 80, (December 2005), p19.
  64. ^ "Dear Jane", BBC.co.uk (July 3, 2003).
  65. ^ 'Hercules', "Way Interesting Buffy Bits (Courtesy Jane E & Others)", Aintitcool.com (March 21, 2003). Also see "Spin-offs stop spinning", BBC.co.uk (March 24, 2003).
  66. ^ Kuhn, Sarah, "An Interview with Eliza Dushku", Ign.com (May 28, 2003), web-page 2.
  67. ^ Femme Fatale, (May–June 2003). Details archived online: Matt (transcriber), "Eliza Talks Faith Spinoff", Spoiledrotten.tvheaven.com (April 11, 2003). Also see "Kung Fu Faith", BBC.co.uk (April 14, 2003) and Whedonesque.com.
  68. ^ Spike TV movie on the cards?, Whedonesque.com (May 9, 2004). Marsters is indirectly quoted about the possibility of a Spike movie in May 2004.
  69. ^ Saney, Daniel, "Whedon eyes Willow for Spike movie", Digitalspy.co.uk (September 28, 2005). Originally reported by Tvguide.com.]
  70. ^ "Video interview with Joss from the Saturn Awards", Whedonesque.com (February 15, 2006). Originally reported by Iesb.net.
  71. ^ Scholars lecture on 'Buffy the Vampire Slayer', Ctv.ca (May 29, 2004).
  72. ^ "Study Buffy at university", Metro.co.uk (May 16, 2006) MA course at Brunel University, West London.
  73. ^ Ulaby, Neda, "- 'Buffy Studies'", National Public Radio (May 13, 2003)
  74. ^ Lavery, David, & Wilcox, Rhonda V., Slayageonline.com (2001-). The term is in use from the full title of Slayage: Slayage: The Online International Journal of Buffy Studies, and thus has become used in essays by those who contribute to scholarship relating to Buffy.
  75. ^ Battis, Jes, Blood Relations, McFarland & Company (June 2005), page 9.
  76. ^ See: Hornick, Alysa, "Buffyology an Academic Buffy Studies and Whedonesque Bibliography", Alysa316.com (updated 2006). See Buffy studies published books.
  77. ^ Newitz, Annalee, "Fan Films Reclaim the Whedonverse", Wired.com (June 8, 2006).
  78. ^ "Buffy the Umpire Slayer" on MADtv, Season 3, episode 8 (aired November 1997). See:Madtv.com entry, Restlessbtvs.com entry.
  79. ^ SNL Season 24, episode 19, (aired May 15, 1999) see: IMDb entry. Also see 'doggans' (transcriber) SNL Transcripts: "Buffy the Vampire Slayer", Snltranscripts.jt.org (1997).
  80. ^ "Buffy Season 8" from Robot Chicken Season 1, episode 4 (aired March 13, 2005). See: IMDb entry, Whedonesque.com.
  81. ^ "Angel's Lament" by "Brobdingnagian Bards". See the song and the lyrics.
  82. ^ Various authors, Friends: "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry"; allusions TV.com (episode aired February 10, 2000).
  83. ^ Various authors, "Supernatural: "Hell House"; trivia" Tv.com (episode aired March 30, 2006).
  84. ^ Farscapeworld fan site.
  85. ^ "Strange new object found at edge of Solar System" New Scientist (December 13, 2005).
  86. ^ "The Play's the Thing". Xena: Warrior Princess. 1999-03-15.
  87. ^ For example: Dillard, Brian J., "Buffy the Vampire Slayer [TV Series]", All Movie Guide (2003 or after): "wildly influential cult hit". Harrington, Richard, "Joss Whedon's New Frontier", The Washington Post (September 30, 2005): "One of the best, most influential, genre-defining television series in decades". Kit, Borys, "Whedon lassos 'Wonder' helm for Warners", The Hollywood Reporter, requires subscription (March 17, 2005): "the influential WB Network/UPN drama series".
  88. ^ a b Salem, Rob, "The season to talk to dead people", Thestar.com, transcribed to Whedon.info (August 25, 2003).
  89. ^ B, KJ, "Doctor Who Report: New Theme Music?; Buffy a Template for New Doctor Who?", Ign.com (March 11, 2005): "Producer Steve Moffat admits that the blueprint for the new series was Buffy the Vampire Slayer."
  90. ^ Moore, Candace, "John Barrowman Plays Bisexual Time Traveler on New Dr. Who", Afterelton.com (May 19, 2005).
  91. ^ "The 2001–2002 Top 10 Best and Worst Shows on Network TV" & "TV Bloodbath: Violence on Prime Time Broadcast TV" Parentstv.org (2002 & 2003 respectively).
  92. ^ FCC, In the Matter of Complaints Against Various Broadcast Licensees Regarding Their Airing of the UPN Network Program "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" on November 20, 2001.
  93. ^ Vivien Burr, Buffy vs. the BBC: Moral Questions and How to Avoid Them.
  94. ^ Hadley, Phil, "Are Buffy and Sabrina Angels?", Jesus-is-savior.com (October 2000).
  95. ^ a b Various authors, "Awards for Buffy the Vampire Slayer", Internet Movie Database (updated 2005).
  96. ^ "100 Greatest Musicals: The Results", Channel4.com (Autumn 2003).

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Buffy the Vampire Slayer TV Show - Buffy the Vampire Slayer Television Show - TV.com (766 words)
Sarah Michelle Gellar stars as Buffy Summers, The Chosen One, the one girl in all the world with the strength and skill to fight the vampires.
For five years Buffy slayed vampires on the WB, then for her last two seasons she went to UPN.
Armed with an amulet they know nothing about, a scythe which holds the key to the Slayer line, and magicks which they may not be able to control, they prepare to face the assembled armies of the First Evil.
Buffy the Vampire Slayer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4600 words)
Buffy is told in a dual arc serialized format, with each episode both telling a single story and contributing to a larger overall storyline, which on Buffy is broken down into distinct season-long narratives marked by the rise and defeat of a powerful antagonist (commonly referred to as the "Big Bad").
Buffy and her companions also fight a wide variety of demons, as well as ghosts, gods, zombies, and evil humans, and are frequently called upon to save the world from complete destruction.
Buffy and her friends battle dark forces using a combination of physical combat, magic, and detective-style investigation, guided by the extensive research of ancient and mystical reference books.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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