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Encyclopedia > Buffet
A Chinese buffet restaurant in the U.S.
A Chinese buffet restaurant in the U.S.

A buffet is a meal serving system where patrons serve themselves. It is a popular method of feeding large numbers of people with minimal staff. The term is also used to describe a sideboard, an antique form of furniture which was sometimes used to offer the dishes of a buffet meal to guests, in a private home. Buffett is a surname of French origin. ... Photo by Spencer195. ... Photo by Spencer195. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... A sideboard is an item of furniture traditionally used for both storage and display. ...

Contents

Types

One form of buffet is to have a line of food serving stalls filled with fixed portions of food; customers take whatever food items they want as they walk along and pay at the end for each piece. This form is most commonly seen in cafeterias. Sponges are sold at this roadside stall near Akti Bay in the island of Kalymnos, Greece. ... One of a number of cafeterias at Electronic City campus, Infosys Technologies Ltd. ...


Another form known as the all-you-can-eat buffet is free in form: customers pay a fixed fee and can then help themselves to as much food as they wish to eat in a single meal. This form is found often in restaurants, especially in hotels; virtually every major casino resort in North America includes one, with some being very elaborate and extensive. In North America and Australia, restaurants specializing in Chinese and Indian cuisine commonly offer this type of buffet for lunch. This article is about lodging. ... This article is about casinos for gaming. ... North American redirects here. ... North American redirects here. ... Not to be confused with Native American cuisine. ... Lunch is an abbreviation of luncheon, meaning a midday meal. ...


A third type of buffet commonly offered in delicatessens and supermarkets is a salad bar, in which customers help themselves to lettuce and other salad ingredients, then pay by weight. This article is about food stores. ... Packaged food aisles in a Fred Meyer store in Portland, Oregon A supermarket is a departmentalized self-service store offering a wide variety of food and household merchandise. ... A salad bar is a buffet-style table on which the components of a salad are placed. ... Binomial name L. Lettuce and chicory output in 2005 Vit. ... This article deals with food. ...


As a compromise between self-service and full table service, a staffed buffet may be offered: diners bring their own plate along the buffet line and are given a portion from a server at each station. This method is prevalent at catered meetings where diners are not paying specifically for their meal.


A traditional form of buffet in Sweden is the smörgåsbord, which literally means table of sandwiches. Swedish cuisine is similar to the cuisine of Denmark and cuisine of Norway, in that it is traditionally simple. ... Look up smörgÃ¥sbord in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


It is a common idea that although "All you can eat" buffets offer a large quantity of food for a set price, the quality of the food is sometimes compromised when compared to a regular "sit down" dinner. This is due to the focus on the food being produced in large quantities instead of the focus being towards perfecting seasoning and meat quality for example. However, this is not an across the board rule.


Home Buffets

Buffets are effective for serving large numbers of people at once. For this reason, they are prevalent in institutional settings, such as business conventions or large catered parties. Another advantage of buffets compared to table service is that diners have a great deal of choice and the ability to closely inspect food before selecting it. Since a buffet involves diners serving themselves, it has in the past been considered an informal form of dining, less elegant than table service. In recent years, however, buffet dinners are increasingly popular among hosts of home dinner parties, especially in homes where limited kitchen space complicates the serving of individual plates. It has also become popular in the American South. A professionally catered event Catering is the business of providing food service at a remote site. ... Elegance is the attribute of being unusually effective and simple. ... Look up Dinner in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Party (disambiguation). ... A kitchen is a room used for food preparation and sometimes entertainment. ... A set of plates before being glazed at a pottery shop. ...


Home Buffet Set-Up

Home buffets work well in both small or large spaces, but only when every element of buffet set-up is considered. The room in which a buffet is to be held must have sufficient space away from furniture to prevent damage. The most efficient buffet table set up consists of one to two tables wide enough for two rows of platters. This allows guests to serve themselves from both sides of the table, speeding up the serving process and reducing the risk of spillage. For other uses, see Home (disambiguation). ... A room is an enclosed space in a house or other building. ... For the UK band, see Furniture (band). ... A wooden dining table and chairs. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ...


Buffet tables should be set up in a logical order, with plates first, followed by the main course and side dishes. Last should be utensils and napkins. If possible, desserts and especially beverages should be served from a separate table, preferably far away from the main buffet table. This helps to prevent spills. Logic (from Classical Greek λόγος logos; meaning word, thought, idea, argument, account, reason, or principle) is the study of the principles and criteria of valid inference and demonstration. ... Folded napkin A napkin or serviette is a rectangle of cloth or paper used at the table for wiping the mouth while eating. ... Not to be confused with Desert. ... The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids, see Drinking. ...


History

While serving oneself at a meal has a long history, the modern buffet was developed in France in the 18th century, soon spreading throughout Europe. The term originally referred to the sideboard where the food was served, but eventually became applied to the form. The buffet became popular in the English-speaking world in the second half of the nineteenth century. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A sideboard is an item of furniture traditionally used for both storage and display. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


When the possession of gold and silver has been a measure of solvency of a regime, the display of it, in the form of plates and vessels, is more a political act than a gesture of conspicuous consumption. The 16th-century French term buffet applied both to the display itself and to the furniture on which it was mounted, often draped with rich textiles, but more often as the century advanced an elaborately carved cupboard surmounted by tiers of shelves. In England such a buffet was called a court cupboard. Prodigal displays of plate were probably first revived at the fashionable court of Burgundy and adopted in France. The Baroque displays of silver and gold that were affected by Louis XIV of France were immortalized in paintings by Alexandre-François Desportes and others, before Louis' plate and his silver furniture had to be sent to the mint to pay for the wars at the end of his reign. Conspicuous consumption is a term used to describe the lavish spending on goods and services that are acquired mainly for the purpose of displaying income or wealth. ... The following is a list of the Dukes of Burgundy Richard of Autun, the Justicier (880–921) Rudolph of Burgundy (king of France from 923) (921–923) Hugh the Black (923–952) Gilbert of Chalon (952–956) Odo of Paris (956-965) Otto-Henry the Great (965–1002) Otto-William... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Louis XIV redirects here. ... Alexandre-François Desportes (Champigneul, Marne 24 February 1661 — Paris 20 April 1743) was a French painter and decorative designer who specialised in animals. ...


During the 18th century more subtle demonstrations of solvency were preferred. A buffet was revived in England and France at the end of the century, when new ideals of privacy made a modicum of self-service at breakfast-time appealing, even among those who could have had a footman behind each chair. In The Cabinet Dictionary of 1803 Thomas Sheraton gave a neoclassical design and observed that "a buffet may, with some propriety, be restored to modern use, and prove ornamental to a modern breakfast-room, answering as the china cabinet|repository of a tea equipage" Self Service is the practice of serving oneself, usually when purchasing items. ... Thomas Sheraton (1751 - October 22, 1806) was a furniture designer, one of the big three English furniture makers of the 18th century, along with Thomas Chippendale and George Hepplewhite. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that...


20th century

A small cold buffet at an art school exhibition
A small cold buffet at an art school exhibition

In a 1922 housekeeping book entitled How to Prepare and Serve a Meal, Lillian B. Lansdown wrote: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 2557 KB)A small cold buffet at an art school in Vienna, Austria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 2557 KB)A small cold buffet at an art school in Vienna, Austria. ...


The concept of eating a buffet arose in mid 17th century France, when gentleman callers would arive at the homes of ladies they wanted to woo unexpectedly. Their surprise arrival would throw the kitchen staff in to a panic and the only food that could be served was a selection of what was found in the cold room. The chosen food always centred around a selection of sandwiches, preferably with the bread starting to curl at the edges. Potential accompanyments also include watery chicken, Pret A Manger carrot cake and fingered buscuits. All food is presented on trays and the suitors were asked to select what they wanted and then eat it off small plates balanced atop their knees.

The informal luncheon or lunch—originally the light meal eaten between breakfast and dinner, but now often taking the place of dinner, the fashionable hour being one (or half after if cards are to follow) —is of two kinds. The "buffet" luncheon, at which the guests eat standing; and the luncheon served at small tables, at which the guests are seated....
The knife is tabooed at the “buffet” lunch, hence all the food must be such as can be eaten with fork or spoon. As a rule, friends of the hostess serve... The following dishes cover the essentials of a “buffet” luncheon. Beverages: punch, coffee, chocolate (poured from urn, or filled cups brought from pantry on tray); hot entrées of various sorts (served from chafing dish or platter) preceded by hot bouillon; cold entrées, salads, lobster, potatoes, chicken, shrimp, with heavy dressings; hot rolls, wafer-cut sandwiches (lettuce, tomato, deviled ham, etc.); small cakes, frozen creams and ices.[1]
The informal luncheon at small tables calls for service by a number of maids, hence the “buffet” plan is preferable.

The "all you can eat" buffet has been ascribed to Herb Macdonald, a Las Vegas hotel manager who introduced the idea in 1946 . In his 1965 novel The Muses of Ruin, William Pearson wrote, of the Las Vegas buffet: For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ...

At midnight every self-respecting casino premières its $1.50 buffet—the eighth wonder of the world, the one true art form this androgynous harlot of cities has delivered herself of.... We marvel at the Great Pyramids, but they were built over decades; the midnight buffet is built daily. Crushed-ice castles and grottoes chill the shrimp and lobster. Sculptured aspic is scrolled with Paisley arabesques. They are, laid out with reverent artistry: hors d'oeuvres, relish, salads, and sauces; crab, herring oyster, sturgeon, octopus, and salmon; turkey, ham, roast beef, casseroles, fondues, and curries; cheeses, fruits and pastries. How many times you go through the line is a private matter between you and your capacity, and then between your capacity and the chef's evil eye.[2]

There is a growing tendency to misuse the word "buffet" to indicate an "all you can eat" meal, even if the food isn't already prepared and laid on a table, but rather you pay a set price and can order anything from a menu, as many times as you like.


Popular buffets

In the United States, Old Country Buffet is a large buffet chain, and part of the larger Buffets, Inc. corporation which also owns Country Buffet and HomeTown Buffet. HomeTown Buffet did not invent, but has largely popularized the "scatter buffet." This merely refers to the layout of the dishes served; foods are grouped in a number of separate pavilions instead of in a long line. This aids in customers retrieving foods they wish to eat with ease and helps speed movement of customers throughout the restaurant. Old Country Buffet is a buffet-style, sit-down restaurant chain headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota and with locations throughout the United States. ... Buffets, Inc. ...


Although sometimes viewed as less elegant, several high end hotels in the United States have brunch buffets featuring gourment entrees, and several hotels in Las Vegas, such as the Bellagio's Buffet at Bellagio and the Rio's Carnival World Buffet amongst many, have achieved popularity and positive critical responses for their selection of entrees and service. The Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino is located off the Las Vegas Strip in Clark County, Nevada, USA. It is better known as The Rio and is owned and operated by Harrahs Entertainment. ...


Buffets are a popular form of dining throughout Las Vegas, Nevada and Atlantic City, New Jersey, where they are typically very large and boast a wide variety of foods. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Atlantic City redirects here. ...


Other American restaurant chains well-known for their buffets include Golden Corral, which features food products presented in pans, Souplantation (known in particular for its soups and salads), Gatti's Pizza, Barnhill's Buffet, Cici's Pizza, Fresh Choice (a smaller competitor of Souplantation), Todai, Pancho's Mexican Buffet, and Ponderosa Steakhouse. Golden Corral is a family-style restaurant that features a large buffet and grill offering 150 hot and cold items, a carving station and their Brass Bell Bakery. ... Souplantation (also known in some locations as Sweet Tomatoes) is a buffet-style chain restaurant with locations in the south, west and Midwest United States. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... CiCis Pizza is a buffet restaurant chain based in Coppell, Texas, specializing in American-style pizza. ... A Fresh Choice restaurant. ... The Yasuda Auditorium on the University of Tokyos Hongo Campus. ... Panchos Mexican Buffet is a chain of Tex-Mex restaurants (28 as of January 2007) in the United States. ... Ponderosa Steakhouse is one of the most franchized subsidiaries of Metromedia Restaurant Group. ...


In Australia, buffet chains like Foodstar serve a large number of patrons with Asian cuisine, Carvery, Seafood, Salads and Desserts. Sizzler is another prominent restaurant offering a buffet. Sizzler is a United States-based restaurant chain, serving steak, seafood, salad (from a large salad bar), and similar food items. ...


In 1990 Big Lukes in Newcastle Upon Tyne became the United Kingdom's first U.S.-style 'all you can eat' buffet restaurant. This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ...


In Russia, the chain MooMoo (or MyMy in Russian) serves all its food buffet-style.[3]


In Brazil, comida a kilo or comida por kilo - literally, "food by the kilo" - restaurants are common. This is a cafeteria style buffet in which diners are billed by the weight of the food selected, excluding the weight of the plate. The Brazilian rodizio style is all-you-can-eat, having both non self-service and self-service variations. Kg redirects here. ... Rodizio (ro-DEE-zyoo or IPA: – BP – or – EP) is a style of restaurant service in Brazilian and Portuguese restaurants. ...


In Japan, a buffet or smorgasbord is known as a Viking. Dessert Vikings are very popular in Japan where one can eat from a buffet full of desserts.


Buffets are also often found on ocean liners and cruise ships, such as those belonging to Carnival Cruise Lines. Carnival Cruise Lines is a cruise line operating a large number of cruise ships. ...


References

  1. ^ *How to Prepare and Serve a Meal, Project Gutenberg etext of the 1922 book by Lillian B. Lansdown
  2. ^ Pearson, William (1965). The Muses of Ruin. McGraw-Hill.
  3. ^ Moo-Moo chain, Moscow - Restaurants - VirtualTourist.com

Buffet Table Setting Guidelines, <http://www.divinedinnerparty.com/buffet-table-setting.html>. Retrieved on 4 March 2008 


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Buffet
A buffet car is a passenger car of a train, where snacks and drinks can be bought at a counter and consumed. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Buffet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1303 words)
One form of buffet is to have a line of food serving stalls where customers take food they require as they walk along and pay at the end.
A buffet was revived in England and France at the end of the century, when new ideals of privacy made a modicum of self-service at breakfast-time appealing, even among those who could have had a footman behind each chair.
The "buffet" luncheon, at which the guests eat standing; and the luncheon served at small tables, at which the guests are seated....
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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