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Encyclopedia > Buffalo, New York
City of Buffalo

Flag
Official seal of City of Buffalo
Seal
Nickname: The City of Good Neighbors, The Queen City, The Nickel City, Queen City of the Lakes, City of Light
Location of Buffalo in New York State
Coordinates: 42°54′17″N 78°50′58″W / 42.90472, -78.84944
Country United States
State New York
County Erie
First Settled 1789
Founded 1801
Incorporated (City) 1832
Government
 - Mayor Byron Brown (D)
Area
 - City 52.5 sq mi (136.0 km²)
 - Land 40.6 sq mi (105.2 km²)
 - Water 11.9 sq mi (30.8 km²)
Elevation 600 ft (183 m)
Population (2005)
 - City 279,745
 - Density 7,206.4/sq mi (2,782.4/km²)
 - Metro 1,254,066
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s) 716
FIPS code 36-11000
GNIS feature ID 0973345
[1][2][3]
Website: Buffalo, NY

Buffalo (pronounced /ˈbʌfəloʊ/[4]), is the second largest city in New York State. Located in Western New York on the eastern shores of Lake Erie and at the head of the Niagara River, Buffalo is the principal city of the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area and the seat of Erie County.[5] The city itself has a population of 257,758 (2006 Estimate)[6], and the metropolitan area 1,170,111 (2000 Census)[7], the 46th largest in the United States. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 592 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a picture of Downtown Buffalo taken by Jason Lee in the Fall of 2005 File historyClick on a date/time to view the... Buffalo NY city flag File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Municipal Flag of the City of Buffalo The municipal flag of Buffalo is the official banner of the city of Buffalo, New York. ... Image File history File links BuffaloSeal. ... Municipal Seal of the City of Buffalo The muicipal seal of Buffalo is the official seal of the City of Buffalo. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... I, the creator of this image, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the state. ... List of New York counties Map of the counties of New York State (click for larger version) Albany County: formed in 1683 as one of the original 12 counties. ... Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... This is a list of mayors of Buffalo, New York. ... Byron Brown was elected on November 8, 2005 as the first African American mayor of Buffalo, New York. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Eastern Standard Time redirects here. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 716 is an area code used to dominate Western New York until a new area code was formed in the east. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Western New York refers to the westernmost region of New York State. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... Not to be confused with Buffalo Niagara Region. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... The Metropolitan Statistical Areas are shown in red on this map of the Core Based Statistical Areas of the United States. ...


Originating around 1789 as a small trading community near the eponymous Buffalo Creek,[8] Buffalo grew quickly after the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, with the city as its terminus. By 1900, Buffalo was the 8th largest city in the country, [9] and went on to become a major railroad hub,[10] the largest grain-milling center in the country, [11] and the home of the largest steel-making operation in the world. [12] The latter part of the 20th Century saw a reversal of fortunes: by the year 2000 the city had fallen back below its 1900 population levels. This was caused in part by the closing or relocating of many of the steel mills and other industries in the area. Also, the rerouting of Great Lakes shipping by the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway was another factor in the decline of the city. Efforts have been made in recent years to retain and bring new business to the area. The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ...

Contents

History

Buffalo Panorama 1911
Buffalo Panorama 1911
Passenger boats at Buffalo 1909
Passenger boats at Buffalo 1909
Pan-American Exposition - Ethnology Building at Night
Pan-American Exposition - Ethnology Building at Night

The City of Buffalo received its name from the creek that flows through it, and likely dates from the mid-18th century, when the area was first settled by Europeans. The area was originally settled by a Neutral Nation tribe, the Ongiara. Later, the Senecas of the Iroquois Confederacy won control over this land from the Neutrals. In 1804, Joseph Ellicott, a principal agent of the Holland Land Company, designed a radial street and grid system that branches out from downtown like bicycle spokes, and is one of only three radial street patterns in the US.[13] During the War of 1812, on December 30, 1813, the village of Buffalo was burned by British forces. On November 4, 1825 the Erie Canal was completed with Buffalo being at the western end of the system. The population at the time was about 2,400. The Erie Canal brought a surge in population and commerce which led Buffalo to incorporate as a city in 1832 with a population of about 10,000. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 198 pixelsFull resolution (2661 × 657 pixel, file size: 301 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main St. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 198 pixelsFull resolution (2661 × 657 pixel, file size: 301 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main St. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 206 pixelsFull resolution (3544 × 912 pixel, file size: 503 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Passenger boats in Buffalo, New York, 1909 http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 206 pixelsFull resolution (3544 × 912 pixel, file size: 503 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Passenger boats in Buffalo, New York, 1909 http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 794 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2256 × 1704 pixel, file size: 938 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 794 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2256 × 1704 pixel, file size: 938 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... History of Buffalo, New York // The City of Buffalo received its name from the creek that flows through it. ... For other rivers with this name, see Buffalo River. ... The Neutrals were a tribe of American Indians who lived in what is now upstate New York and southern Ontario. ... For other uses, see Iroquois (disambiguation). ... Map of the Holland Purchase From 1840s Divided into Counties and Townships And Including Morris Reserve Lands The Holland Land Company was a purchaser of the western two-thirds of the western New York land tract known as the Phelps and Gorham Purchase. ... This article is about the U.S.–U.K. war. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ...


The first mayor of the city of Buffalo was Ebenezer Johnson [3] The City of Buffalo has been a long time home to the African-American community. An example is the 1828 village directory which listed 59 "Names of Coloured" heads of families.[14] In 1845, construction was begun on the Macedonia Baptist Church (commonly called the Michigan Street Baptist Church). This African-American church was an important meeting place for the abolitionist movement. On February 12, 1974 the church was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Abolitionist leaders like William Wells Brown also made their home in Buffalo.[15] Buffalo was also a terminus point of the Underground Railroad with many fugitives crossing the Niagara River from Buffalo to Fort Erie, Ontario and freedom. List of Registered Historic Places in Erie County, New York: See also: List of Registered Historic Places in New York This list is complete as of the Recent Listings dated June 29, 2007 Akron Rich-Twinn Octagon House US Post Office-Akron Amherst Entranceway at Main Street at Roycroft Boulevard... William Wells Brown (November 6, 1814 – November 6, 1884) was a prominent abolitionist lecturer, novelist, playwright, and historian. ... H. B. Lindsley, Harriet Tubman, c. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... Location of Fort Erie in the Niagara Region Fort Erie (2001 population 28,143) is a town on the Niagara River in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ...


During the 1840's, Buffalo continued its growth as a port city. Both passenger and commercial traffic expanded with some 93,000 passengers heading west from the port of Buffalo.[16] Grain and commercial goods shipments led to repeated expansion of the harbor. The one of the first steam powered grain elevators was constructed which led to faster unloading of lake freighters.[16] This article is about grain elevators. ... The ill-fated SS Edmund Fitzgerald, built in the classic dual superstructure style with her wheelhouse up near the bow. ...


Abraham Lincoln visited Buffalo on February 16, 1861, on his way to accept the presidency of the United States. He stayed at the American Hotel on Main Street between Eagle Street and Court Street.[17] The Civil War years saw a great increase in the population of Buffalo it increased from 81,029 to 94,210 in 1865. The Niagara Steam Forge Works manufactured turret parts for the ironclad ship USS Monitor.[17] Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were ships sheathed with thick iron plates for protection. ... USS Monitor was the first ironclad warship commissioned by the United States Navy. ...


At the start of the 20th Century, immigrants from Europe came in to work in the local mills which used hydroelectric power generated from the river. The city got the nickname City of Light at this time due to the widespread electric lighting used.[18] In 1881, Buffalo had deployed the first electric street lights in the United States. It was also part of the automobile revolution, hosting the brass era car builder Seven Little Buffaloes early in the century.[19] Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Car redirects here. ...


President William McKinley was shot and mortally wounded at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo on Sept. 6, 1901. He died in the city eight days later and Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as the 26th President of the United States. This article is about the 25th President of the United States; for other people named William McKinley, see William McKinley (disambiguation). ... Leon Czolgosz shoots President McKinley with a concealed revolver. ... The Electric Tower, the crowning feature of the Exposition Temple of Music where William McKinley was shot. ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ...


The link to Fort Erie, known as the Peace Bridge, was opened in 1927. This article is about the fort and historic site. ... The Peace Bridge (42°54′25″N, 78°54′20″W) is an arch bridge that consists of five arched spans over the Niagara River and a Parker through-truss which spans the Black Rock Canal on the American side of the river. ...


The city's economy declined in the later half of the 20th century, due to the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1957, cutting the city off from the normal trade routes. The city, which boasted over half a million people at its peak in the 1950s, has seen its population decline by almost 50%, as industries shut down and people left the Rust Belt for the employment opportunities of the South and West. However, the suburbs adjacent to Buffalo have grown from 300,000 in the 1950s to over 600,000 in 2007. The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... Manufacturing Belt, highlighted in red The Rust Belt, a term coined from Manufacturing Belt, is an area in parts of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States of America. ...


The end of 2006 saw an upturn in the city's prospects. Economic development in the city was marked at $4 billion in 2007 compared to a $50 million average for the previous ten years.[20] New proposals and renovations were numerous, especially in the downtown area. Buffalo ranked 83rd on the Forbes best cities for jobs list, an increase from the previous year, and beating out cities like New York City, Cleveland, and Detroit. Buffalo is also scheduled to get a new tallest building in 2010; the Buffalo City Tower will rise 600 feet (180 m). For other uses, see Forbes (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Buffalo City Tower rises from behind the new Federal Courthouse, to the left is Buffalo City Hall, to the right is the Statler Hotel Towers also owned by Bashar Issa all surrounding Niagara Square. ...


Geography and climate

Buffalo in Bloom
Buffalo in Bloom
Blizzard of 1977
Blizzard of 1977

Buffalo is located on the eastern end of Lake Erie, opposite Fort Erie, Ontario in Canada, and at the beginning of the Niagara River, which flows northward over Niagara Falls and into Lake Ontario. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution (2134 × 1383 pixel, file size: 852 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 518 pixelsFull resolution (2134 × 1383 pixel, file size: 852 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links BuffaloAvgTemps. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Location of Fort Erie in the Niagara Region Fort Erie (2001 population 28,143) is a town on the Niagara River in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.5 square miles (136.0 km²). 105.2 km² (40.6 sq mi) of it is land and 30.8 km² (11.9 sq mi) of it is water. The total area is 22.66% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


Buffalo has the sunniest and driest summers of any major city in the Northeast, but still has enough rain to keep vegetation green and lush.[21] Summers are marked by plentiful sunshine and moderate humidity and temperature. Obscured by the notoriety of Buffalo's snowstorms is the fact that Buffalo benefits from other lake effects such as the cooling southwest breezes off Lake Erie in summer that gently temper the warmest days. Rainfall is moderate but typically occurs at night. The stabilizing effect of Lake Erie continues to inhibit thunderstorms and enhance sunshine in the immediate Buffalo area through most of July. August usually has more showers and is hotter and more humid as the warmer lake loses its temperature-stabilizing influence. Map of the US northeast. ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... The term humidity is usually taken in daily language to refer to relative humidity. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... A rolling thundercloud over Enschede, The Netherlands. ...


Buffalo has a reputation for snowy winters. The region experiences a fairly humid, continental-type climate, but with a definite maritime flavor due to strong modification from the Great Lakes. The transitional seasons are very brief in Buffalo and Western New York. Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ... An oceanic climate (also called marine west coast climate and maritime climate) is the climate typically found along the west coasts at the middle latitudes of all the worlds continents, and in southeastern Australia; similar climates are also found at high elevations within the tropics. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ...


Winters in Western New York are generally cold and snowy, but are changeable and include frequent thaws and rain as well. Winters can also be quite long in Western New York, usually spanning from mid-November to early April. Snow covers the ground more often than not from late December into early March, but periods of bare ground are not uncommon. Over half of the annual snowfall comes from the lake effect process and is very localized. Lake effect snow occurs when cold air crosses the relatively warm lake waters and becomes saturated, creating clouds and precipitation downwind. Due to the prevailing winds, areas south of Buffalo receive much more lake effect snow than locations to the north. The lake snow machine starts as early as mid-October, peaks in December, then virtually shuts down after Lake Erie freezes in mid to late January. The most well-known snow storm in Buffalo's history, the Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977, resulted from a combination of lake effect snow and high winds. Snow does not typically impair the city's operation, but did cause significant damage as with the October 2006 storm. A winter storm is a storm where the dominant forms of precipitation are forms that occur only at cold temperatures, such as snow or sleet, or a rainstorm where ground temperatures are cold enough to allow ice to form. ... This article is about precipitation. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Lake-effect precipitation coming off the Great Lakes, as seen from NEXRAD. Lake effect snow, which can be a type of snowsquall, is produced in the winter when cold, artic dry winds move across long expanses of warmer lake water, picking up water vapor which freezes and is deposited on... For other uses, see Cloud (disambiguation). ... For the 1928 film, see The Wind. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... 1Maximum snowfall or ice accretion The October 2006 Buffalo storm was an unusual early-season lake effect snow storm that hit the Buffalo, New York area and other surrounding areas of the United States and Canada, from the night of Thursday October 12 through the morning of Friday October 13...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 8,668
1840 18,213 110.1%
1850 42,261 132.0%
1860 81,129 92.0%
1870 117,714 45.1%
1880 155,134 31.8%
1890 255,664 64.8%
1900 352,387 37.8%
1910 423,715 20.2%
1920 506,775 19.6%
1930 573,076 13.1%
1940 575,901 0.5%
1950 580,132 0.7%
1960 532,759 -8.2%
1970 462,768 -13.1%
1980 357,870 -22.7%
1990 328,123 -8.3%
2000 292,648 -10.8%
Est. 2005 279,745 -4.4%
Historical Population Figures[22]

The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

City proper

Like most formerly industrial cities of the Great Lakes region, Buffalo has suffered through several decades of population decline brought about by the loss of its industrial base. The city's population peaked in 1950, when it was the 15th largest city in the United States. Its population has declined in every year since, particularly during the late 1970s and early 1980s, when the city lost nearly one-third of its population in only five years.


At that time of the 2000 census there were 292,648 people, 122,720 households, and 67,005 families residing in the city. The population density is 7,205.8 people per square mile (2,782.4/km²). There are 145,574 housing units at an average density of 3,584.4/sq mi (1,384.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 54.43% White, 37.23% African American, 0.77% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.68% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. 7.54% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The top 5 largest ancestries include German (13.6%), Irish (12.2%), Italian (11.7%), Polish (11.7%), and English (4.0%).[4] A household refers to those who live in the same house, who may or may not make up a family. ... For other uses, see Family (disambiguation). ... Houses in Fishpool Street, St Albans, England For other meanings of the word house, see House (disambiguation). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... English Americans (occasionally known as Anglo-Americans) are citizens of the United States whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England. ...


There were 122,720 households out of which 28.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.6% are married couples living together, 22.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 45.4% are non-families. 37.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.29 and the average family size is 3.07. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population included 26.3% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 83.5 males.


The median income for a household in the city is $24,536, and the median income for a family is $30,614. Males have a median income of $30,938 versus $23,982 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,991. 26.6% of the population and 23.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 38.4% of those under the age of 18 and 14.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The median household income is commonly used to provide data about geographic areas and divides households into two equal segments with the first half of households earning less than the median household income and the other half earning more. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Buffalo has very sizable populations of Irish, Italian, Polish, German, Jewish, Greek, and African descent. Major ethnic neighborhoods still exist but they changed significantly in the second half of the twentieth century. Traditionally, Polish-Americans were the predominant occupants of the East Side, while Italian-Americans composed a close-knit neighborhood in the west side. The East Side is now a predominantly African American neighborhood, while the West Side has become a melting pot of many ethnicities, with Latino culture being the strongest influence. Throughout the history of Buffalo, the neighborhoods collectively called the First Ward, as well as much of South Buffalo, have been comprised almost entirely of people of Irish descent. Since the 1950s and 1960s, the greater portion of the Jewish population has moved to the suburban areas outside of the city. A Jewish American (also commonly American Jew) is an American (a citizen of the United States) of Jewish descent who maintains a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practicing Judaism or through cultural and historical affiliation. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Polish-American refers to American citizens of Polish descent. ... East Side or Eastside may refer to: // East Side Township, Minnesota East Side, Pennsylvania Eastside, Birmingham East Side, Chicago Eastside, Flint Eastside, Los Angeles Upper East Side and Lower East Side, Manhattan East Side, Milwaukee Eastside, Oklahoma City Eastside, Paterson East Side, Phoenix East Side, Providence Eastside, Ontario East Side... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent. ... East Side or Eastside may refer to: // East Side Township, Minnesota East Side, Pennsylvania Eastside, Birmingham East Side, Chicago Eastside, Flint Eastside, Los Angeles Upper East Side and Lower East Side, Manhattan East Side, Milwaukee Eastside, Oklahoma City Eastside, Paterson East Side, Phoenix East Side, Providence Eastside, Ontario East Side... West Side or Westside may refer to: West Los Angeles Westside, Iowa An area in West Lafayette, Indiana An area in Chicago, Illinois An Area in St. ... Alternate meaning: crucible (science) The melting pot is a metaphor for the way in which heterogenous societies develop, in which the ingredients in the pot (iron, tin; people of different backgrounds and religions, etc. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... When the city of Houston was founded in 1836 and incorporated in 1837, its founders—John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen—divided it into political geographic districts called wards. ... South Buffalo Township is a township located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. ... The Irish are a northwestern European ethnic group who originated in Ireland. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1958 to the end of 1974. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ...


Metropolitan area

As of 2006, Erie and Niagara Counties had a combined estimated population of 1,154,378.[23] The racial makeup of the area is 82.2% White, 13% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.32% Asian, 3.3% Hispanic, and 1.4% of all other races. In the metropolitan area, 39.68% of people are under the age of 18 or over the age of 64, and the median age is 38. Of the total population, 82.88% have a high school diploma and 23.2% have obtained a Bachelor's degree. The median income for a household is $48,400 and the per capita income for the area is just under $39,000. Approximately 8% of the population is below the poverty line. Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Niagara County is a county located in the state of New York. ... This article is about the color. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... A high school diploma is a diploma awarded for the completion of high school. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ...


Education

Lafayette High School
Lafayette High School
City Honors School
City Honors School

Like the rest of New York, Buffalo is subject to the state’s benchmark evaluation system. The Buffalo Public Schools curriculum is aligned to state standards set by the Education Department. At the high school level, students are required to pass Regents Examinations for each course upon its completion. Currently, there are 78 public schools in the city including a growing number of charter schools. As of 2006, the total enrollment was 41,089 students with a student-teacher ratio of 13.5 to 1. The dropout rate is just 5.3%, and 83% of students who graduate go on to college. More than 27% of teachers have a Master's degree or higher and the median amount of experience in the field is 15 years. When considering the entire metropolitan area, there are a total of 292 schools educating 172,854 students.[23] Buffalo is noted[citation needed] for its model magnet school system attracting students with special interests, which include science, bilingual studies, and Native American studies. Specialized facilities include the Buffalo Elementary School of Technology; the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Multicultural Institute; the International School; the Dr. Charles R. Drew Science Magnet School; Build Academy; Leonardo da Vinci High School; the Buffalo Academy for the Visual and Performing Arts, BAVPA; the Riverside Institute of Technology; Lafayette High School/Buffalo Academy of Finance; Hutchinson Central Technical High School; South Park High School and the Emerson School of Hospitality. The City Honors School was recently ranked #8 in the nation by Newsweek magazine. Buffalo is currently in the process of a $1 billion city school rebuilding plan. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 666 KB) City Honors School as viewed from Best Street. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 666 KB) City Honors School as viewed from Best Street. ... This article is about the state. ... The Buffalo Public Schools in Buffalo, New York are going through a transitional phase as in the teachera RE GETTING SHOT AT . ... The State Education Building, located in Albany The New York State Education Department is the state education department in New York State. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... Regents Examinations, or simply The Regents, are a set of standardized tests given to high school students through the New York State Education Department, designed and administered under the authority of the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York. ... The term public school has two contrary meanings: In England, one of a small number of prestigious historic schools open to the public which normally charge fees and are financed by bodies other than the state, commonly as private charitable trusts; here the word public is used much as in... In the United States, a charter school is a school that is created via a legal charter. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In the U.S. system of education, a magnet school is a public school which offers innovative courses, specialized training, etc. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... The term bilingualism (from bi meaning two and lingua meaning language) can refer to rather different phenomena. ... Native American Studies is an academic discipline which studies the experience of people of Native American ancestory in America. ... International schools are private schools that cater mainly to children who are not nationals of the host country, often the children of the staff of international businesses, international organizations, embassies, missions, or missionary programs. ... Leonardo Da Vinci High School (DVHS) has been located in Davis, California at 1602 Oak Avenue since fall of 2004. ... Lafayette High School, Buffalo, New York Lafayette High School is the oldest public school in Buffalo that remains in its original building; a stone, brick and terra-cotta structure in the French Renaissance Revival style, by architects August Esenwein and James A. Johnson. ... Hutchinson Central Technical High School, informally known as Hutch-Tech, is a high school in the City of Buffalo, New York. ... City Honors School at Fosdick-Masten Park (City Honors, or CHS) is a rigorous college preparatory school in Buffalo, New York. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ...


The city is home to 47 private schools while the metropolitan region has 150 institutions. Most private schools have a Roman Catholic affiliation including St. Joseph's Collegiate Institute, Nardin Academy, Canisius High School, and Cardinal O'Hara High School. However, there are schools affiliated with other religions such as Islam and Judaism. There are also many nonsectarian options including The Park School of Buffalo, The Buffalo Seminary (the only private, nonsectarian, all-girls school in WNY) [5] , and The Nichols School. Private schools, in the United States, Australia, Scotland, and other English-speaking countries, are schools not administered by local or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public funds. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... St. ... Nardin Academy was founded by the Daughters of the Heart of Mary in 1857. ... Canisius High School is a Roman Catholic Jesuit private high school for young men located at 1180 Delaware Avenue in Buffalo, New York. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Park School of Buffalo is an American private country school located north of Buffalo, New York in Snyder, a hamlet inside the town of Amherst in Erie County. ... The Buffalo Seminary, commonly called Buff Sem, is a private, nonsectarian, all-girls college preparatory school located at 205 Bidwell Parkway in Buffalo, New York. ... Nichols School is a private, co-educational college-preparatory school located in Buffalo, New York, USA. // Nichols School was founded in 1892 by William Nichols. ...


Complementing its standard function, the Buffalo Public Schools Adult and Continuing Education Division provides education and services to adults throughout the community.[24] In addition, the Career and Technical Education Department offers more than 20 academic programs, and is attended by about 6,000 students each year.[25]


Buffalo is home to two State University of New York (SUNY) institutions. Buffalo State College, a comprehensive college, and the University at Buffalo, one of the four University Centers in the SUNY system. Each is the largest institution of its type in the system. Combined, they account for roughly 40,000 students in the area. Not to be confused with University of the State of New York. ... Buffalo State College, often referred to colloquially as Buff State, is a public, liberal arts college in Buffalo, New York and is part of the State University of New York. ... It has been suggested that The Poetry Collection be merged into this article or section. ...


Other academic institutions in Buffalo or its suburbs include: Bryant & Stratton College, Canisius College, D'Youville College, Daemen College, Empire State College, Erie Community College, Hilbert College, Houghton College, Medaille College, Trocaire College, Villa Maria College, Niagara University, Niagara County Community College Bryant and Stratton is a proprietary college with campuses in New York, Ohio, Virginia and Wisconsin. ... Canisius College (pronounced IPA: ) is a private Catholic college in the Hamlin Park district of north-central Buffalo, New York. ... DYouville College is a private, coeducational college located on the West Side of Buffalo, New York, a few blocks from the international Peace Bridge. ... Daemen College is located on Main Street in Amherst, New York. ... Empire State College, a State University of New York university college, is a multi-site institution that offers higher education to students all over the State of New York as well as the rest of the world. ... Erie Community College, or ECC, is a two-year community college sponsored by SUNY and Erie County, New York. ... Hilbert College is located in the Town of Hamburg, south of Buffalo, New York. ... Houghton College is a 4-year Christian liberal arts college, operated by the Wesleyan Church[1]. Houghtons main rural campus is in the Genesee Valley of southwestern New York (Houghton, New York), and a secondary suburban campus is in West Seneca, New York, a suburb of Buffalo, New York. ... Categories: University stubs | Erie County, New York | Universities and colleges in New York ... Trocaire College is a private, two-year college specializing in health care training, located in Buffalo, New York. ... Villa Maria College is a two-year college located in Cheektowaga, New York. ... Niagara University is a Roman Catholic university in the Vincentian tradition, located in the Town of Lewiston in Niagara County, New York. ... Niagara County Community College is located in Sanborn, New York, northeast of the City of Niagara Falls. ...


The Buffalo area is also home to the The Gow School [6],The Gow School is a college prep boarding school for young men, grades 7 to 12, with dyslexia and similar language-based learning disabilities including: central auditory processing disorder, dyscalculia and LD written expression Gow School Students The Gow School is an independent boarding school for boys, grades 7-12, diagnosed with dyslexia and other learning disabilities. ...


Economy

Buffalo and the surrounding area were long involved in railroad commerce, steel manufacture, automobile production, Great Lakes shipping and grain storage. Most of these industries have left the city through the years. Major steel production no longer exists in the area, although several smaller steel mills remain in operation. For example, Gibraltar Industries, a leading manufacturer, processor, and distributor of steel products for the building, industrial, and vehicular markets is headquartered in Buffalo. For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... Car redirects here. ...


In addition, Ford maintains operation of its Buffalo Stamping Plant south of the city, and Chevrolet has two plants, a production plant in Tonawanda near the city line, and a tool and die plant in the city. The windshield wiper was invented in Buffalo, and the Trico company still operates some facilities there. For many years, Buffalo was the nation's second largest rail center, with Chicago being the first. “Ford” redirects here. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ... Tonawanda is a town located in Erie County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 78,155. ... For other uses of this term, see Die. ... A windscreen wiper (windshield wiper in North America) is a device used to wipe rain and dirt from a windscreen. ... GunBound: World Champion screenshot GunBound (full name – GunBound World Champion, formerly GunBound: Thors Hammer) is a freeware, online-only computer game developed in South Korea by softnyx. ... railroads redirects here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ...


The traditional reputation of Buffalo as "blue collar" industrial town really no longer applies however, as much of this industry has left the area. The regional economy can now best be described as a mix of industrial, light manufacturing, high technology and service-oriented private sector companies. Instead of relying on a single industry or sector for its economic future, the region has taken a diversified approach that has created opportunities for growth and expansion in the 21st century.


Overall, employment in Buffalo has shifted as its population has declined and manufacturing has left. Buffalo's 2005 unemployment rate of 6.6% was 32% higher than New York State's 5.0% rate.[26] And from the fourth quarter of 2005 to the fourth quarter of 2006, Erie County had no net job growth, ranking it 271st among the 326 largest counties in the country.[27] Yet the area has recently seen an upswing in job growth as unemployment has dropped to only 4.9% in July 2007 from 5.2% in 2006 and 6.6% in 2005.[28] The area's manufacturing jobs have continued to show the largest losses in jobs with over 17,000 fewer than at the start of 2006. Yet other sectors of the economy have outdistanced manufacturing and are seeing large increases. Educational and health services added over 30,400 jobs in 2006 and over 20,500 jobs have been added in the professional and business (mostly finance) arena.[29]


Buffalo has also increasingly become a center for bioinformatics and human genome research, including work by researchers at the University at Buffalo and the Roswell Park Cancer Institute. This consortium is known as the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus. It also includes: Buffalo Hearing & Speech Center, Buffalo Medical Group Foundation, Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, Kaleida Health, Olmsted Center for the Visually Impaired, and Upstate New York Transplant Services. Map of the human X chromosome (from the NCBI website). ... A graphical representation of the normal human karyotype. ... State University of New York at Buffalo, commonly known as University at Buffalo (UB) is a coeducational public research university, which has multiple campuses located in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, USA. Offering 84 bachelors, 184 masters and 78 doctoral degrees, it is one of the four comprehensive... The Roswell Park Cancer Institute is a cancer research and treatment center located in Buffalo, New York. ... The Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus is a 100 acre (400,000 m²) medical campus in downtown Buffalo, New York, dedicated to developing clinical, research, and academic excellence. ... The Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute (HWI) is an independent, not-for-profit, biomedical research facility located in the heart of downtown Buffalos medical campus. ...


Entrepreneurial resources and life science business consultants accelerate the growth and development of emerging companies found within the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus and Upstate New York Region. For example, Buffalo BioSciences is a technology commercialization partner to the New York State Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics & Life Sciences and contributed to the launch and early success of Empire Genomics –- a firm based on research conducted at Roswell Park Cancer Institute by Dr. Norma Nowak enabling the delivery of personalized medicine. The Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus is a 100 acre (400,000 m²) medical campus in downtown Buffalo, New York, dedicated to developing clinical, research, and academic excellence. ...


Buffalo is the headquarters of M&T Bank, a Fortune 500 company with assets over $60B as of 2007. HSBC Bank USA also has major operations in Buffalo (The sports arena, which hosts the Buffalo Sabres NHL franchise, is named HSBC Arena). Other banks, such as Bank of America and KeyBank, have corporate operations in Buffalo, and Citigroup has recently announced[when?] it will soon follow in Amherst, Buffalo's largest suburb. Geico also has a regional office in the inner-ring suburb of Amherst. M&T Bank (NYSE: MTB) is an American bank. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... HSBC Holdings PLC (NYSE: HBC), (LSE: HSBA), (HKSE: 005), (Euronext: HSBC), is one of the largest banking groups in the world. ... The Buffalo Sabres is the best professional ice hockey team around. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... HSBC Arena HSBC Arena is a sports and entertainment venue located in downtown Buffalo, New York, USA. It is home to the Buffalo Sabres hockey team and the Buffalo Bandits lacrosse team. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... Key Bank is a bank headquartered in the Key Tower in Cleveland, Ohio. ... Citi redirects here. ... Amherst is a town in Erie County, New York, U.S., directly northeast of the City of Buffalo. ... The Government Employees Insurance Company, usually known by the acronym GEICO, is an American auto insurance company. ... Amherst is a town in Erie County, New York, U.S., directly northeast of the City of Buffalo. ...


Another successful industry in Buffalo is debt collection. There are six major firms located in Buffalo and the surrounding area. New Era Cap Company, the largest sports-licensed headwear company in the United States, is based in Buffalo. They opened new headquarters in 2007 in the former Federal Reserve Building in downtown Buffalo. The New Era Cap Company, based in Buffalo, is the largest sports-licensed headwear company in the United States. ... The Federal Reserve System is headquartered in the Eccles Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. The Federal Reserve System (also the Federal Reserve; informally The Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. ...


When it comes to food and beverage industry, Buffalo is home to both Rich Products, one of the world's largest family-owned food manufacturers, and the American headquarters of InBev, the world's largest producer of beer. Labatt moved its US headquarters to Buffalo in May 2007. This is in large part due to Buffalo's location directly in the middle of the Northeastern Trade Corridor. The city is the heart of the Canadian-American corridor. Over 80% of all U.S.-Canada trade occurs via border crossings in the eastern United States and with five bridges to Canada, the Buffalo area is one of the key eastern border crossing locations. Rich Products Corporation (also known as Richs) is a privately held international food manufacturing corporation headquartered in Buffalo, New York. ... InBev (Euronext: INB, NYSE: ABV) is the largest beer company in the industry. ... Labatt Brewing Company Ltd. ...


Government

Buffalo City Hall - an Art Deco masterpiece
Buffalo City Hall - an Art Deco masterpiece
Erie County Courthouse
Erie County Courthouse

At the municipal level, the City of Buffalo has a council made up of the mayor and nine councilmen. Buffalo also serves as the seat of Erie County with 27 county representatives. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 554 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Own photo, (c) 2005, Niels Elgaard Larsen Buffalo, NY City Hall File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 554 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Own photo, (c) 2005, Niels Elgaard Larsen Buffalo, NY City Hall File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at... Buffalo City Hall is the seat for local government in the City of Buffalo, New York. ... Asheville City Hall. ... The municipal government of the City of Buffalo consist of an elected council made of a mayor and 9 common councilmembers. ... This is a list of mayors of Buffalo, New York. ... Administrative divisions of New York State differ from those in certain other countries and most U.S. states, leading to misunderstandings regarding the governmental nature of an area. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ...


At the state level, there are three state assemblymen and two state senators in the Buffalo area. At the federal level, Buffalo is represented by three members of the House of Representatives. The New York State Assembly is the lower house of the New York Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of New York. ... The New York State Senate is one of two houses in the New York State Legislature and has members each elected to two-year terms. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party...


In a trend common to Northern "Rust Belt" regions, political activities in Buffalo have been dominated by The Democratic Party for the last half-century, though its longest serving mayor of the past half-century, James Griffin, switched political affiliations several times and most frequently attained electoral victory from socially conservative platforms. In 2005, Kevin Helfer, the city's first major conservative mayoral candidate in over 40 years, defeated Byron Brown by a 2-1 margin in the Conservative Party primary. Despite this, voters ultimately chose Brown, making him the city's first African-American mayor. Union support bolstered Brown's campaign, ultimately providing a substantial fundraising and volunteer effort. Manufacturing Belt, highlighted in red The Rust Belt, a term coined from Manufacturing Belt, is an area in parts of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States of America. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... James Donald Griffin (Born June 29, 1929 in Buffalo, New York) is a former American politician who served in the New York State Senate (56th District, 1967-77) and then for 16 years as the Mayor of Buffalo, New York (1978-93). ... Byron Brown was elected on November 8, 2005 as the first African American mayor of Buffalo, New York. ... The Conservative Party of New York is an American political party active only in the state of New York. ... The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions, forming a cartel of labour. ...


Cityscape

Buffalo, New York from I-190 North entering downtown.
Buffalo, New York from I-190 North entering downtown.
Buffalo, New York's skyline
Buffalo, New York's skyline

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2396x449, 289 KB) Summary Taken by Daniel Mayer in late February 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2396x449, 289 KB) Summary Taken by Daniel Mayer in late February 2006. ... Interstate 190 (abbreviated I-190) runs 28. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (9146x1819, 7293 KB) Summary A panoramic skyline view of Buffalo, NY from the new lighthouse at the marina. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (9146x1819, 7293 KB) Summary A panoramic skyline view of Buffalo, NY from the new lighthouse at the marina. ...

Neighborhoods

Buffalo consists of 32 different neighborhoods: Allentown, Bailey-Lovejoy, Black Rock, Central Park, Cold Springs, Delaware District, Downtown, East Side, Elmwood Village, Fillmore-Leroy, First Ward, Fruit Belt, Hamlin Park, Hospital Hill, Humboldt Park, Kaisertown, Kensington, Kensington Heights, Lower West Side, Masten Park, North Buffalo, North Park, Parkside, Polonia, Riverside, Schiller Park, South Buffalo, University District, University Heights, Vernon Triangle, Upper West Side, and Willert Park. The Allentown district is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York. ... Black Rock, once an independent community, is now part of the city of Buffalo, New York. ... North Buffalo is a neighborhood in the city of Buffalo, New York. ... Riverside is a neighborhood of Buffalo, New York, located in the northwestern part of the city, along the Niagara River. ... For the Pennsylvania Township, see South Buffalo Township, Pennsylvania. ... The University Heights District is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York. ... The Upper West Side is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York. ...


According to the American Planning Association the Elmwood Village neighborhood in Buffalo is ranked the third best neighborhood in America.[30] Elmwood Village[31] is a mixed use neighborhood with hundreds of small, home grown stores and restaurants. The American Planning Association (APA) is a professional organization representing the field of city and regional planning in the United States. ...


Parks

One of Buffalo's many monikers is the City of Trees, which describes the abundance of green in the city. In fact, Buffalo has more than 20 parks with multiple ones being accessible from any part of the city. Buffalo, New York is home to a wide array of parks, gardens, and other public recreation areas. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1472 × 1104 pixels, file size: 659 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo I took of the Botanical Gardens at Buffalo, New York. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1472 × 1104 pixels, file size: 659 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo I took of the Botanical Gardens at Buffalo, New York. ... The Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens are botanical gardens located at 2655 South Park Avenue, Buffalo, New York. ...


The Olmsted Park and Parkway System is the hallmark of Buffalo’s many green spaces. Three-fourths of city park land is part of the system, which comprises six major parks, eight connecting parkways, nine circles and seven smaller spaces. Begun in 1868 by Frederick Law Olmsted and his partner Calvert Vaux, the system was integrated into the city and marks the first attempt in America to lay out a coordinated system of public parks and parkways. The Olmsted designed portions of the Buffalo park system are listed on the National Register of Historic Places and are maintained by the Buffalo Olmsted Parks Conservancy. Olmsted Park is a linear park in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts, and a part of Bostons Emerald Necklace of connected parks and parkways. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Waterfront

Aerial view of the waterfront at Buffalo, New York. The city is to the north. The highway below is NY5
Aerial view of the waterfront at Buffalo, New York. The city is to the north. The highway below is NY5

Situated at the confluence of Lake Erie and the Buffalo and Niagara Rivers, Buffalo is a waterfront city. The city’s rise to economic power came through its waterways in the form of transshipment, manufacturing, and an endless source of energy. Buffalo’s waterfront is still a hub of commerce, trade, and industry that is essential to its economic prosperity[citation needed]. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 562 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1053 pixel, file size: 564 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Buffalo, New York ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 562 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1053 pixel, file size: 564 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Buffalo, New York ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... For other rivers with this name, see Buffalo River. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... Waterfront, by definition is the land alongside a body of water, or the dockland district of a town. ... Transshipment is the shipment of goods to an intermediate destination, and then from there to yet another destination. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ...


Buffalo's waterfront is being transformed from its industrial past into a focal point for social and recreational activity. A literal focal point, viewed from above, is a marina taking the shape of a buffalo (located near the junction of the Buffalo Skyway NY 5 and the New York State Thruway I-190. The Skyway is a portion of New York State Route 5 in Buffalo, New York. ... New York State Route 5 is a 370. ... The New York State Thruway (officially the Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway) is a limited-access toll highway in the U.S. state of New York. ... Interstate 190 (abbreviated I-190) runs 28. ...


Standard of living

The loss of traditional jobs in manufacturing, rapid suburbanization and high costs of labor have led to economic decline, making Buffalo one of the poorest amongst U.S. cities with populations of more than 250,000 people. An estimated 30% of Buffalo residents live below the poverty line, second only to Detroit.[32] Buffalo's median household income of $27,850 is third-lowest among large cities, behind only Miami and Cleveland; however the median household income for the metropolitan area is $57,000.[33] Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


This, in part, has led to the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area having the most affordable housing market in the U.S. today. The quarterly NAHB/Wells Fargo Housing Opportunity Index (HOI) noted that nearly 90% of the new and existing homes sold in the metropolitan area during the second quarter were affordable to families making the area's median income of $57,000. The area median price of homes was $75,000.[citation needed] This high affordability within the housing market combined with the metropolitan area's short commute time and cultural offerings such as the Albright Knox Art Gallery or professional sports teams such as the Sabres or Bills offer area residents a good quality of life. Not to be confused with Buffalo Niagara Region. ...


Buffalo faces issues with vacant and abandoned houses, as the city ranks second only to St. Louis on the list of American cities with the most vacant properties per capita. Since 2000, the city has torn down 2,000 vacant homes but as many as 10,000 still remain. Mayor Byron W. Brown recently unveiled a $100 million, five-year plan to rip down 5,000 more houses.[34] However an overwhelming majority of these houses are in Buffalo's east side, a predominately African American community. The city's move away from hard industry and toward a service and bioinformatics industry has led to an improving environment which has allowed area residents to further enjoy the area's natural offerings that include two Great Lakes, the Niagara River, and Alleghany Mountains. In July 2005, Reader's Digest ranked Buffalo as the third cleanest large city in the nation.[35] The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Culture

Nicknames

The most common of its monikers The Queen City first appeared in print in the 1840s, referring to the city being the second largest city in New York State behind New York City. The Queen City had also been used during the 1800's to describe Buffalo as the second largest American city on the Great Lakes after Chicago. Buffalo has also been called The Nickel City due to the appearance of a bison on the back of Indian Head nickel in the early part of the 20th century. The City of Good Neighbors refers to the helpful, friendly spirit of its inhabitants. Buffalo was also known in the 1980s as The City of No Illusions, due in part to a t-shirt campaign by local stores.[36][37] In the early 20th century, the city began calling itself the City of Light because of the plentiful hydroelectric power made possible by Niagara Falls.[18] The term Queen City is used to describe the capital city of a province or state, where that country observes a monarch (typically the Queen) as the “head of state”. []Regina, Saskatchewan is fondly referred to as the Queen City because Regina is Latin for Queen; named after Queen Victoria. ... The term Queen City is used to describe the capital city of a province or state, where that country observes a monarch (typically the Queen) as the “head of state”. []Regina, Saskatchewan is fondly referred to as the Queen City because Regina is Latin for Queen; named after Queen Victoria. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The United States five-cent coin, commonly called a nickel, is a unit of currency equaling one-twentieth, or five-hundredths, of a United States dollar. ...


People

Buffalo was first settled by New Englanders and a small but influential number of African Americans. The first wave of European immigrants was a large influx of Germans. The city was further populated by Irish immigrants escaping famine, and infused by Polish, Italian and Sicilian, Jewish, and more recently Latino populations, all of which have made it a melting pot of ethnic cultures. The newest immigrants are from Somalia, Asia, and the Arab world. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... An 1849 depiction of Bridget ODonnell and her two children during the famine. ... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... A Jewish American (also commonly American Jew) is an American (a citizen of the United States) of Jewish descent who maintains a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practicing Judaism or through cultural and historical affiliation. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ... Alternate meaning: crucible (science) The melting pot is a metaphor for the way in which heterogenous societies develop, in which the ingredients in the pot (iron, tin; people of different backgrounds and religions, etc. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Arab Americans constitute an ethnicity made up of several waves of immigrants from 22 Morocco in the west to Oman in the east. ...


The old First Ward in South Buffalo retains a strong Irish identity, and Kaisertown reflects a German heritage. The city's East Side was once home of Buffalo's Polonia centered around the Broadway Market, a microcosm of Polish/Slavic traditions and food delicacies. The East Side is now home to African Americans who came north during the Great Migration. The Juneteenth Festival of Buffalo, NY is an important component for Black-Americans of summertime events in the Buffalo-Niagara region.[38] For the Pennsylvania Township, see South Buffalo Township, Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Polonia (disambiguation). ... The states in blue had the ten largest net gains of African-Americans, while the states in red had the ten largest net losses. ... Juneteenth celebration in Austin, Texas on 19 June 1900 Juneteenth, also known as Freedom Day or Emancipation Day, is an annual holiday in fourteen states of the United States. ...


The West Side is home to the city's Hispanic community, predominantly of Puerto Rican descent. The West Side was once home to Buffalo's "Little Italy," but in the 1980s much of Buffalo's Italian American heritage shifted to North Buffalo. There is also a small Italian-American enclave in the East Side neighborhood of Lovejoy. The Sicilian custom of preparing St. Joseph's Day (March 19) tables, at which various meatless Lenten courses are laid out for the poor, continues in many Buffalo households as well as in some churches and restaurants. Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... Saint Josephs Day is marked in some branches of Christianity in honor of Saint Joseph, spouse of Mary and foster-father of Jesus. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Lent (disambiguation). ...


Buffalo is also home to a sizable Jewish community. German Jews immigrants originally settled on Buffalo's West Side in the mid-1800s. Less well-off Russian Jews and Polish Jews immigrating to the Niagara Frontier in the early 1900s initially settled on the lower East Side, near William Street and Jefferson Avenue. The community migrated to the Masten Park neighborhood on the East Side, and then to North Buffalo between the 1940s and the 1960s. Although many still live in the city, particularly in North Buffalo and the Delaware District on the city's West Side, the majority of the Buffalo area's approximately 26,400 Jews[citation needed] now live in the northeastern suburbs of Amherst and Williamsville where the two Jewish Day Schools are located, Kadima Hebrew Day School and Jewish Heratige/Torah U'Masorah Day School. Buffalo's Jewish Community centers are located in the Delaware District and Amherst. American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Jews who are American citizens or resident aliens. ... German Jews have lived in Germany for over 1700 years, through both periods of tolerance and spasms of antisemitic violence, culminating in the Holocaust and the near-destruction of the Jewish community in Germany and much of Europe. ... The vast territories of the Russian Empire at one time hosted the largest Jewish population in the world. ... The history of the Jews in Poland reaches back over a millennium. ... The Niagara Frontier refers to the the stretch of land south of Lake Ontario and Lake Erie and extending westward to Cleveland, Ohio. ... William Street is a suburban distributor and one of two major cross-streets in Perth, Western Australia, commencing in western Mount Lawley. ... Jefferson Avenue is a scenic road along the eastern part of Metro Detroit in the U.S. state of Michigan along Lake Erie, the Detroit River, and Lake Saint Clair. ... North Buffalo Township is a township located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. ... North Buffalo Township is a township located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. ... Amherst is a town in Erie County, New York, U.S., directly northeast of the City of Buffalo. ... Williamsville is a village located in Erie County, New York in the USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 5,573. ... A Jewish Community Center is a general recreational, social and fraternal organization serving the Jewish community in a number of cities. ...


Distancing itself from its industrial past, Buffalo is redefining itself as a cultural, banking, educational, and medical center and the city was named by Reader's Digest as the third cleanest city (environmentally) in the United States in 2005.[35] In 2001 USA Today named Buffalo the winner of its "City with a Heart" contest,[39] proclaiming it the nation's "friendliest city." Also, n 1996 and 2002, Buffalo won the All-America City Award.[40] For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... All-America City Program Logo The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States. ...


Food

Rib dinner
Rib dinner
Bowl of "Wings"
Bowl of "Wings"
Beef on Weck sandwich
Beef on Weck sandwich

As a melting pot of cultures, cuisine in the Buffalo area reflects a variety of cultures. These include Italian, Jewish, German, Polish, African American, Greek and American influences. Beef on Weck, Wardynski's kielbasa, Sahlen's hot dogs, sponge candy, pierogi, and haddock fish fries are among the local favorites, as is a loganberry-flavored beverage that remains relatively obscure outside of the Western New York and Southern Ontario area. Weber's mustard is a well known local producer of horseradish mustard which is popular in the Western NY area. Teressa Bellissimo, the chef/owner of the city's Anchor Bar, first prepared the now-widespread Chicken Wings here on October 3, 1964. Local or regional chains with a significant presence in the Buffalo area include Louies Hot Dogs(two separate companies with the same name), Ted's Hot Dogs, Anderson's Frozen Custard, Duff's Wings, John & Mary's, Jim's SteakOut, Just Pizza, SPoT Coffee, Tim Hortons, Mighty Taco, Raymondo's and Bocce's Pizza. Buffalo's pizza is also unique, perhaps because Buffalo is geographically located halfway between New York City and Chicago, Illinois, the pizza made is likewise about halfway between thin-crust New York-style pizza and deep-dish Chicago-style pizza. The city is also home to the Pearl Street Brewery and Flying Bison Brewing Company, who continue Buffalo's brewing traditions. Labatt USA, the US operation for Labatt Beer, a Toronto-based brewer, is also headquartered in Buffalo. Twice a summer thousands of Western New Yorkers descend into the city for two food festivals, the Taste of Buffalo and the National Buffalo Wing Festival.[41] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Homemade_buffalo_wings. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Homemade_buffalo_wings. ... Chicken Wings can refer to: A type of butt, a serving of the wing sections of a chicken. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x683, 320 KB) I took this picture. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x683, 320 KB) I took this picture. ... Beef on Weck sandwich from Charlie the Butchers in Buffalo, New York, USA A kummelweck, or sometimes kimmelweck or even kümmelweck, is a salty roll that is popular in Western New York. ... Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... Jewish cuisine is a collection of international cookery traditions linked by Jewish dietary laws (kashrut) and Jewish holiday traditions. ... For other uses, see Soul food (disambiguation). ... Beef on Weck sandwich from Charlie the Butchers in Buffalo, New York, USA A kummelweck, or sometimes kimmelweck or even kümmelweck, is a salty roll, made only in the Buffalo-Rochester area. ... For the Polish officer, see Władysław Kiełbasa. ... A large hot dog with ketchup A hot dog is classified as a type of sausage or, alternatively, a sandwich on a suitably shaped bun with the sausage and condiments on it. ... Sponge Candy Sponge toffee (also known as honeycomb toffee, cinder toffee, hokey pokey in New Zealand, sponge candy in Erie, Pennsylvania and Buffalo, New York, or occasionally sea foam in Oregon and California) is a sugary confection with a light, rigid, foam-like texture, and is very sticky due to... Pierogi frying A plateful of Pierogi Pierogi (also perogi, perogy, pirohi, piroghi, pirogi, pirogen, piroshke or pyrohy), from the Proto-Slavic pir (festivity) is the name most commonly used in English speaking areas to refer to a variety of Slavic semicircular (or, in some cuisines, square) stuffed dumplings of unleavened... A serving of fish and chips Fish and chips (sometimes written fish n chips), a popular take-away food with British origins, consists of deep-fried fish in batter or breadcrumbs with deep-fried chipped (slab-cut) potatoes. ... Binomial name Rubus loganobaccus L.H. Bailey The loganberry (Rubus loganobaccus) is a hybrid produced from crossing a blackberry and a raspberry. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Anchor Bar is a restaurant located at Main and North in downtown Buffalo, New York, USA where the Buffalo-style chicken wing was first served in 1964. ... The Anchor Bar is a restaurant located at Main and North in downtown Buffalo, New York, USA where the Buffalo-style chicken wing was first served in 1964. ... This article is about the food Buffalo wings. ... Teds Hot Dogs is a chain of hot dog restaurants based in Buffalo, New York. ... This article is about the restaurant. ... Mighty Taco is a Mexican fast-food restaurant chain in the Buffalo, New York area. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Lombardis Pizza at 32 Spring Street in Little Italy, Manhattan A slice of New York-style plain pizza New York-style pizza is a common style of pizza, originating from New York City. ... Deep dish from Ginos East of Chicago Chicago-style pizza is a deep-dish pizza style developed in Chicago. ... Flying Bison Brewing Company is an American microbrewery located in Buffalo, New York. ... Kettles in a modern Trappist brewery A brewery can be a building or place that produces beer, or a business (brewing company) whose trade is the production and sale of beer. ... Labatt Brewing Company Ltd. ... A weekend festival held at Dunn Tire Park in Downtown Buffalo, NY to celebrate the Buffalo style chicken wing. ...


Buffalo also has several specialty import/grocery stores in old ethnic neighborhoods, and is home to an eclectic collection of cafes and restaurants that serve adventurous, cosmopolitan fare. Locally-owned restaurants offer Chinese, German, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, Mexican, Italian, Greek, Arab, Indian, Caribbean, Soul Food, and French. Modern Vietnamese cuisine is heavily influenced by the French colonists. ... Thai seafood curry Thai cuisine is known for its blend of fundamental flavors in each dish -- hot (spicy), sour, sweet, salty and bitter. ... Arab cuisine is the cuisine of the Arab countries. ... Caribbean cuisine is a fusion of African, Amerindian, French, Indian, and Spanish cuisine. ... For other uses, see Soul food (disambiguation). ...


Several well-known food companies are based in Buffalo. Non-dairy whipped topping, later imitated by Cool Whip, was invented in Buffalo in 1945 by Robert E. Rich, Sr. His company, Rich Products, is one of the city's largest private employers. General Mills was organized in Buffalo, and Gold Medal brand flour, Wheaties, Cheerios and other General Mills brand cereals are manufactured here. One of the country's largest cheese manufacturers, Sorrento, has been here since 1947. Archer Daniels Midland also operates its largest flour mill in the city. Cool Whip logo Cool Whip is a brand of imitation whipped cream called a whipped topping by its manufacturer. ... Rich Products Corporation (also known as Richs) is a privately held international food manufacturing corporation headquartered in Buffalo, New York. ... General Mills (NYSE: GIS) is a Fortune 500 corporation, mainly concerned with food products, which is headquartered in Golden Valley, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis. ... Early Wheaties Cereal Box Wheaties, a wheat and bran mixture baked into flakes, is a breakfast cereal introduced in 1924 and marketed by the General Mills cereal company of Golden Valley, Minnesota. ... A box of Cheerios breakfast cereal. ... Sorrento Lactalis is one of the largest cheese companies in America. ... The Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM), based in Decatur, Illinois, operates more than 270 plants worldwide, where cereal grains and oilseeds are processed into numerous products used in food, beverage, nutraceutical, industrial and animal feed markets worldwide. ...


Buffalo is also home to one of the largest privately held food companies in the world, Delaware North Companies, which operates concessions in sports arenas, stadiums, resorts, and many state & federal parks. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Art

The Albright-Knox Art Gallery
The Albright-Knox Art Gallery

Buffalo is home to over 50 private and public art galleries[42] , most notably the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, home to a world-class collection of modern and contemporary art. The local art scene is also enhanced by the Burchfield-Penney Art Center, Hallwalls Contemporary Arts Center, CEPA, and many small galleries and studios.[43][44] AmericanStyle ranked Buffalo fourth in its list of America's top art destinations. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 408 pixelsFull resolution (2940 × 1500 pixel, file size: 702 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 408 pixelsFull resolution (2940 × 1500 pixel, file size: 702 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. ... view from Elmwood Avenue The Albright-Knox Art Gallery is a major showplace for modern art and contemporary art located in Buffalo, New York. ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The Burchfield-Penney Art Center is located on the campus of Buffalo State College and was founded in 1966. ... CEPA is an acronym. ...


Two street festivals - the Allentown Art Festival and the Elmwood Festival of the Arts - bring thousands of people to the city to browse and purchase original crafts. The Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, which performs at Kleinhans Music Hall, is one of the city's most prominent performing arts institutions. Shea's Performing Arts Center, long known as Shea's Buffalo, is an old-style large theatre that continues to show productions and concerts. Allentown Art Festival is an annual arts festival held in the Allentown neighborhood of Buffalo, New York. ... The Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra is located in Buffalo, New York, near DYouville College. ... Kleinhans Music Hall, home of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, was founded by Edward Kleinhans and endowed in the name of his wife, Mary Seaton Kleinhans, and his mother, Mary Livingston Kleinhans. ... ‹ The template below (Citations missing) is being considered for deletion. ...


Architecture

Darwin D. Martin House Buffalo, New York
Darwin D. Martin House Buffalo, New York
Kleinhans Music Hall
Kleinhans Music Hall
Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society
Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society
Asbury Delaware Church
Asbury Delaware Church
Buffalo Central Terminal
Buffalo Central Terminal

Many architectural treasures exist in Buffalo, including: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x1392, 589 KB) Summary Frank Lloyd Wrights Darwin D. Martin House, in Buffalo, NY. Photo by User:Davepape, 12 June 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x1392, 589 KB) Summary Frank Lloyd Wrights Darwin D. Martin House, in Buffalo, NY. Photo by User:Davepape, 12 June 2006. ... Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, New York Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), perhaps the most famous architect of the United States, designed the Darwin D. Martin House Complex built between 1903 and 1905 and located at 125 Jewett Parkway in Buffalo, New York. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 366 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 1580 pixel, file size: 826 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 366 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 1580 pixel, file size: 826 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 338 pixelsFull resolution (2655 × 1123 pixel, file size: 896 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 338 pixelsFull resolution (2655 × 1123 pixel, file size: 896 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 321 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1734 × 3235 pixel, file size: 679 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 321 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1734 × 3235 pixel, file size: 679 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 505 pixelsFull resolution (3267 × 2064 pixels, file size: 880 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 505 pixelsFull resolution (3267 × 2064 pixels, file size: 880 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


The country's largest intact parks system designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, including Delaware Park. Buffalo was the first city for which Olmsted designed (in 1869) an interconnected park and parkway system rather than stand-alone parks. {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Delaware Park is located in Buffalo, New York, USA. It was designed as part of a coordinated system of parks, parkways, and traffic circles in the city by Frederick Law Olmsted. ...


The Guaranty Building, by Louis Sullivan, was one of the first steel-supported, curtain-walled buildings in the world, and its thirteen stories made it, at the time it was built, the tallest building in Buffalo and one of the world's first true skyscrapers.[45] The Guaranty Building, formerly called the Prudential Building, was designed by Louis Sullivan, and built in Buffalo, New York. ... Louis Henri Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. ...


The Hotel Buffalo was the first hotel in the world to feature a private bath in each room.


The H. H. Richardson Complex, originally the State Asylum for the Insane, is Richardsonian Romanesque in style and was the largest commission designed by prominent architect Henry Hobson Richardson. The grounds of this hospital were also designed by Olmsted. Though currently in a state of disrepair, New York State has allocated funds to restore this treasure. H.H. Richardson Complex is a recently-coined name for the New York State Asylum for the Insane, a large Medina red sandstone and brick hospital that stands on the grounds of the present day Buffalo Psychiatric Center in Buffalo, New York. ... Romanesque St. ... Henry Hobson Richardson, portrait by Sir Hubert von Herkomer Trinity Church in Boston is one of Richardsons most famous works. ...


There are several buildings by Frank Lloyd Wright, including the Darwin Martin House, George Barton House, William Heath House, The Graycliff Estate, as well as the now demolished Larkin Administration Building.[46][47] Currently under construction is the never built boathouse designed by Wright, on Buffalo's Black Rock Canal. Buffalo has more Frank Lloyd Wright buildings than any other city except Chicago. Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer, educator, and philosopher from Oak Park, Illinois. ... Darwin Martin House, Buffalo, New York Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), perhaps the most famous architect of the United States, designed the Darwin D. Martin House Complex between 1903 and 1905. ... George Barton House The house, constructed in 1903 for George Barton & his wife Della Martin Barton (sister of Darwin D. Martin) at the northern corner of the Darwin D. Martin lot. ... The Larkin Administration Building in 1906 The Larkin Administration Building was designed in 1904 by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Larkin Soap Company of Buffalo, New York, at 680 Seneca Street. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer, educator, and philosopher from Oak Park, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ...


Other notable buildings:

A track leading to Buffalo Central Station from the main railway. ... Asheville City Hall. ... Lafayette High School, Buffalo, New York Lafayette High School is the oldest public school in Buffalo that remains in its original building; a stone, brick and terra-cotta structure in the French Renaissance Revival style, by architects August Esenwein and James A. Johnson. ... James A. Johnson is a United States Democratic Party political figure. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Saint Adalberts Basilica, (referred to in Polish as Bazylika Swietego Wojciecha is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Buffalo located in the East Side] area of Buffalo, New York. ... view from Elmwood Avenue The Albright-Knox Art Gallery is a major showplace for modern art and contemporary art located in Buffalo, New York. ... Gordon Bunshaft (May 9, 1909–August 6, 1990) was a 20th century architect educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Erie County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... Lafayette High School, Buffalo, New York Lafayette High School is the oldest public school in Buffalo that remains in its original building; a stone, brick and terra-cotta structure in the French Renaissance Revival style, by architects August Esenwein and James A. Johnson. ... Richard Upjohn (1802 - 1878) was a U.S. (English-born) architect. ... This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen (August 20, 1873, Rantasalmi, Finland – July 1, 1950, Cranbrook, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish architect who became famous for his art nouveau buildings in the early years of the 20th century. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... Kleinhans Music Hall, home of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, was founded by Edward Kleinhans and endowed in the name of his wife, Mary Seaton Kleinhans, and his mother, Mary Livingston Kleinhans. ... Max Abramovitz (May 23, 1908–September 12, 2004) was a prominent architect of the New York City firm Harrison, Abramovitz, & Abbe. ... An example of Alexander Phimister Proctors work On the Warpath, Denver, CO Alexander Phimister Proctor (September 27, 1862 – September 4, 1950) was an American sculptor and one of her foremost animaliers, born in Bozanquit, Ontario, his family moved to Denver, Colorado when he was young. ... The McKinley Monument is a 96 foot tall obelisk in Niagara Square, Buffalo, New York, in memory of William McKinley, 25th President of the United States, who was fatally shot while attending the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo on September 6, 1901. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Nightlife

Last call is at 4 a.m. in Buffalo, rather than 2 a.m. as in most other areas of the U.S. This is often attributed to the historically high density of industrial facilities and the demand of second and third shift patrons. It is also because New York law allows bars to be open until 4 a.m. (However, local municipalities can override it to an earlier time.) This law was actually designed to accommodate the thriving late nightlife of New York City, but the state's "Second City" has adopted it as well. In a pub, a last call is an announcement made shortly before the bar closes for the night, urging the patrons to buy one last drink. ... Second shift redirects here. ... This article is about the state. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Several distinct and thriving nightlife districts have grown around clusters of bars and nightclubs in the city. The most visible nightlife district is West Chippewa Street[49], located between Main Street and South Elmwood Avenue. The area is home to high-energy dance clubs, crowded bars, trendy coffeehouses, and restaurants. Allentown, where bars are as numerous but the atmosphere is a bit more relaxed, is a several minute walk north to Allen Street. Allen Street near Main Street houses several gay bars, while Allen near Elmwood has many bars that feature live music. Continuing up Elmwood Avenue from Allentown is the Elmwood Strip, which runs several miles to Buffalo State College. This strip has numerous small boutiques and restaurants, with few large corporate establishments. Crowds on this strip include everyone from college students to families to the elderly. Nightlife is the collective term for any entertainment that is available and more popular from the late evening into the early hours of the morning. ... The Allentown district is a neighborhood in Buffalo, New York. ... Buffalo State College, often referred to colloquially as Buff State, is a public, liberal arts college in Buffalo, New York and is part of the State University of New York. ...


The city and surrounding Niagara Region also have an active summer concert schedule, a large portion of which are free and easy access. The events are well planned and are spaced out through the week. Artpark on Tuesday nights, Buffalo Place on Thursdays, The Canal Concert series is on Saturday nights in Lockport and new for 2008 is a Friday night series on the Erie canal in North Tonawanda.


Other points of interest

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1472 × 1104 pixel, file size: 703 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo I took of the U.S.S. Little Rock Shinerunner 22:55, 19 July 2007 (UTC) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1472 × 1104 pixel, file size: 703 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo I took of the U.S.S. Little Rock Shinerunner 22:55, 19 July 2007 (UTC) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby... The Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park, formerly known as The Buffalo Naval and Servicemens Park, is a museum on the shore of Lake Erie in Buffalo, New York. ... The Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens are botanical gardens located at 2655 South Park Avenue, Buffalo, New York. ... Buffalo Zoo is a zoo in Buffalo, New York, and the third oldest institution of its kind in the United States. ... Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo was founded in 1849. ... Huckleberry Finn is the protagonist of Mark Twains famous book, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. ... USS Little Rock (CG-4 — redesignated from original LIGHT CRUISER CL-92 (WW-II), and then later from LIGHT MISSLE CRUISER CLG-4) was laid down by Cramp Shipbuilding Co. ... The Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park, formerly known as The Buffalo Naval and Servicemens Park, is a museum on the shore of Lake Erie in Buffalo, New York. ... The Anchor Bar is a restaurant located at Main and North in downtown Buffalo, New York, USA where the Buffalo-style chicken wing was first served in 1964. ... Chicken Wings can refer to: A type of butt, a serving of the wing sections of a chicken. ...

Transportation

Airport

Buffalo is served by the Buffalo Niagara International Airport, located in Cheektowaga. The airport, recently re-constructed, serves over 5 million passengers a year and is still growing. Buffalo Niagara International Airport ranks among the five cheapest airports from which to fly in the country, according to the U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. The average round trip flight cost $295.58.[54] As of 2006, plans are in the works by U.S. Senator Charles Schumer to make the under-used Niagara Falls International Airport into an international cargo hub for New York and Toronto, as well as Canada as a whole.[55] FAA diagram of Buffalo Niagara International Airport (BUF) Buffalo Niagara International Airport (IATA: BUF, ICAO: KBUF) is an airport located in the town of Cheektowaga in Erie County, New York. ... Cheektowaga redirects here. ... FAA diagram of Buffalo Niagara International Airport (BUF) Buffalo Niagara International Airport (IATA: BUF, ICAO: KBUF) is an airport located in the town of Cheektowaga in Erie County, New York. ... Charles Ellis Chuck Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is a Jewish American politician. ... FAA diagram of Niagara Falls International Airport (IAG) Niagara Falls International Airport (IATA: IAG, ICAO: KIAG) is a public-use airport located 4 miles (6 km) east of Niagara Falls, in Niagara County, New York. ...


Public transit

The Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA) operates not only Buffalo Niagara International Airport and Niagara Falls International Airport, but also public transit throughout the Buffalo area. The NFTA runs a number of buses throughout the city and suburbs, as well as a 6 mile (9 km) Metro Rail light rail rapid transit system in the city. The Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA) is the local provider of public transportation for Erie and Niagara counties in New York. ... FAA diagram of Buffalo Niagara International Airport (BUF) Buffalo Niagara International Airport (IATA: BUF, ICAO: KBUF) is an airport located in the town of Cheektowaga in Erie County, New York. ... FAA diagram of Niagara Falls International Airport (IAG) Niagara Falls International Airport (IATA: IAG, ICAO: KIAG) is a public-use airport located 4 miles (6 km) east of Niagara Falls, in Niagara County, New York. ... Mass transit redirects here. ... The Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA) is the local provider of public transportation for Erie and Niagara counties in New York. ... Buffalo Metro Rail train entering Allen-Medical Campus station Buffalo Metro Rail is the public transit rail system in Buffalo, New York; it is operated by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, or NFTA. The system consists of a single, 6. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


The Metro Rail operates above ground in the section closest to downtown, the Main Street pedestrian mall referred to as Buffalo Place, then descends under Main Street as it heads toward University at Buffalo's south campus. It should be noted that this downtown section is operated free of charge to passengers to encourage patronage of the businesses in the downtown area including sporting and other events at HSBC Arena and the Buffalo Bisons baseball field. Buffalo Metro Rail train entering Allen-Medical Campus station Buffalo Metro Rail is the public transit rail system in Buffalo, New York; it is operated by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, or NFTA. The system consists of a single, 6. ... A pedestrian street is a street where pedestrian traffic is given partial or total priority over all other kinds of traffic. ... State University of New York at Buffalo, commonly known as University at Buffalo (UB) is a coeducational public research university, which has multiple campuses located in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, USA. Offering 84 bachelors, 184 masters and 78 doctoral degrees, it is one of the four comprehensive...


Intercity rail

Two train stations, Buffalo-Depew and Buffalo-Exchange Street serve the city and are operated by Amtrak. VIA Rail also serves these stations for travel into Canada. The Buffalo-Depew (BFX) Amtrak station is a train station in Depew, New York. ... The Buffalo-Exchange Street Station (BFX) is an Amtrak (former New York Central Railroad) train station. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ...


Freight service for Buffalo is served by CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern (NS), as well as Canadian National (CN) and Canadian Pacific (CP) railroads from across the Border. The area has 4 large rail yards: Frontier (CSX), Bison (NS), SK (NS / CP) and Buffalo Creek (NS / CSX). A large amount of hazardous cargo also crosses through the Buffalo area, such as liquid propane and anhydrous ammonia. CSX redirects here. ... Norfolk Southern Corporation (AAR reporting mark NS) NYSE: NSC is a US publicly-traded stock corporation based in Norfolk, Virginia. ... CN redirects here, as its the most common usage of the abbreviation in Canada; for more uses, see CN (disambiguation). ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway that is operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ... Propane is a three-carbon alkane, normally a gas, but compressible to a liquid that is transportable. ... Ammonia is a chemical compound with the formula NH3. ...


Waterways

Buffalo is at the eastern end of Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes, which boasts the greatest variety of freshwater sportfish in the country. The Lake serves as a playground for numerous personal yachts, sailboats, power boats and watercraft, and provides a short water route to excellent sand beaches on the nearby Ontario (Canada) shore. The city has an extensive breakwall system protecting its inner and outer Lake Erie harbors, which are maintained at commercial navigation depths for Great Lakes freighters. Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Coastal Management. ... For other uses, see Harbor (disambiguation). ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ...


A Lake Erie tributary that flows through south Buffalo is the Buffalo River, for which the city is named. Buffalo is historically linked to the fabled Erie Canal, which ends where the Black Rock Channel enters Lake Erie. When the Canal was dedicated, New York State governor DeWitt Clinton poured waters from the Atlantic ocean into the Lake at Buffalo's western terminus of the Canal. Once a major route for passengers and cargo, the Canal is now used primarily for pleasure craft and some light local freight, and in Buffalo it bypasses the swift upper reach of the Niagara River. A tributary of the Niagara River is Scajaquada Creek, which flows though Buffalo, via the Frederick Law Olmsted-designed Delaware Lake and Park. Bufallo River can refer to: The Buffalo River, a tributary of the White River in Arkansas in the United States, and the location of the Buffalo National River. ... The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... DeWitt Clinton. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... The Scajaquada Creek is a small river located in western New York, USA. It is entirely within Erie County. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ...


Major Highways and Roads that serve the Buffalo-Niagara Metropolitan Area

Four Interstate Highways run through the Metropolitan area: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. ...


Interstate 90 (Portion of which is part of the New York State Thruway) Image File history File links I-90. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in both the United States and world at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ... The New York State Thruway (officially the Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway) is a limited-access toll highway in the U.S. state of New York. ...

  • I-90 runs from Seattle to Boston. I-90 connects Buffalo's southern and eastern suburbs with the city.

Interstate 190 (Portion of which is the Niagara Section of the New York State Thruway) Seattle redirects here. ... Boston redirects here. ... Image File history File links I-190. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Interstate 190 (abbreviated I-190) runs 28. ...

  • I-190 runs from I-90 through downtown Buffalo and up to Niagara Falls and to the Canadian border at two spots.

Interstate 290 (Youngmann Expressway) Interstate 90 is the longest interstate highway in the United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Main articles: History of Canada, Timeline of Canadian history Canada has been inhabited by aboriginal peoples (known in Canada as First Nations) for at least 40,000 years. ... Image File history File links I-290. ... New Yorks Interstate 290 runs for 10 miles near Buffalo, New York from I-90 to I-190. ...

  • I-290 makes a 10-mile (16 km) connection between I-190 and I-90, serving the area's northern suburbs.

Interstate 990 (Lockport Expressway) Image File history File links I-990. ... Interstate 990 (abbreviated I-990) is a short Interstate Highway, located entirely in the state of New York. ...

  • I-990 starts at I-290 and runs over 6 miles through the Town of Amherst (Buffalo's largest suburb) up to the Millersport Highway (NY 263), just south of Lockport. I-990 was intended to run to Lockport but was never completed.

Four US Highways run through the metropolitan area: New Yorks Interstate 290 runs for 10 miles near Buffalo, New York from I-90 to I-190. ... Amherst is a town in Erie County, New York, U.S., directly northeast of the City of Buffalo. ... New York State Route 263 is a New York state highway located entirely within the Town of Amherst in Erie County, New York, USA. It extends from just north of the northeast corner of the City of Buffalo in a roughly northeast direction almost straight to just south of the... Lockport is the name of several places In Canada: Town of Lockport, Manitoba. ... Interstate 990 is a short Interstate Highway, located entirely in the state of New York. ... Lockport is the name of several places In Canada: Town of Lockport, Manitoba. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


U.S. Route 20 Image File history File links US_20. ... U.S. Highway 20 is an east-west United States highway. ...

  • US 20 runs from Newport, Oregon to Boston US 20 is a major highway that runs just outside of Buffalo.

U.S. Route 20A Newport is a city located in Lincoln County, Oregon, USA. It was incorporated in 1882, though the name dates back to the establishment of a post office in 1868. ... Image File history File links US_20A.svg‎ US 20A shield. ... US Route 20A is an alternate route to US 20 stretching 84 miles (135 km) across Western New York. ...

U.S. Route 62 Orchard Park, New York may refer to the following locations in Erie County, New York: Orchard Park (town), New York Orchard Park (village), New York (within the Town of Orchard Park) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... East Bloomfield is a town in Ontario County, New York, USA. The population was 3,361 at the 2000 census. ... Image File history File links US_62. ... U.S. Route 62 runs from the US-Mexico border at El Paso, Texas, all the way to Niagara Falls, New York, near the United States-Canada border. ...

  • US 62 runs from El Paso, Texas to Niagara Falls. US 62 runs from the southtowns north through the east section of the city north towards Niagara Falls.

U.S. Route 219 (Southern Expressway) El Paso redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links US_219. ... U.S. Route 219 is a spur of U.S. Route 19. ...

  • US 219 is a major expressway that run south of the city to the edge of the metropolitan area in Springville, and is currently under a seven mile expansion in which the expressway will go south into Cattaragus County. Its north end is at I-90 just south of the city. The expressway was intended to run south to I-86 in Salamanca but was never completed.


New York State Route Expressways: Springville is a village located in Erie County, New York. ... ...


New York State Route 33 (Kensington Expressway) Image File history File links NY-33. ... Junction Location NY-5 NY-31 Legend New York State Routes Current - Deleted New York State Route 33 is a New York State highway that travels from Buffalo, New York to Rochester, New York. ...

New York State Route 198 (Scajaquada Expressway) Cheektowaga redirects here. ... FAA diagram of Buffalo Niagara International Airport (BUF) Buffalo Niagara International Airport (IATA: BUF, ICAO: KBUF) is an airport located in the town of Cheektowaga in Erie County, New York. ... This article is about the city of Rochester in Monroe County. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Junction Location I-190 NY-265 Military Road NY-384 Delaware Avenue NY-5 Main Street NY-33 Legend New York State Routes Current - Deleted New York State Route 198, better known as the Scajaquada Expressway is a highway entirely within the northern section of the City of Buffalo. ...

  • NY 198 is a major expressway within the city that links I-190 to NY 33

New York State Route 400 (Aurora Expressway) Image File history File links NY-400. ... New York State Route 400 is a divided state highway totally contained within Erie County, New York, USA. The northwest end is connected to the New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) and the southeast end terminates in New York State Route 16. ...

  • NY 400 is a major expressway that run southeast of the city to the edge of the metropolitan area in East Aurora. Its north end is at I-90 in West Seneca just outside of Buffalo, and its south end is just outside East Aurora in South Wales. The expressway was intended to run south to I-86 in Olean but was never completed.

New York State Route 5 (Main St/Buffalo Skyway) Position within Erie County. ... Position within Erie County. ... Image File history File links NY-5. ... New York State Highway 5 is a 370 mile (595 km) long New York State Highway that runs between the New York/Pennsylvania border at the Town of Ripley in Chautauqua County and downtown City of Albany in Albany County where it intersects with NY 32. ...

  • NY 5 composes of Main Street and goes though the City of Buffalo, Amherst, Williamsville. Through downtown, NY 5 is the Buffalo Skyway that connects Lackawanna and the southern suburbs.

Ontario Highways to the Buffalo-Niagara Metropolitan Area: The Ministry of Transportation maintains the system of provincial highways in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


The Buffalo Area is also connected to the Golden Horseshoe part of Southern Ontario. Buffalo is as little as an hour away from Toronto, Ontario. Hamilton, Ontario Skyline The skyline of Niagara Falls, Ontario side The Golden Horseshoe is a densely populated and industrialized region or urban agglomeration centred around the west end of Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ...

Image File history File links QEW.PNG‎ Please note that I am uploading this with the best knowledge I have available to me. ... The Queen Elizabeth Way as part of the 400-series network The Queen Elizabeth Way (commonly referred to as the QEW, QE, or Queen-E) is a vital freeway linking Buffalo, New York and the Niagara Peninsula with Toronto and its western suburbs. ... The Peace Bridge (42°54′25″N, 78°54′20″W) is an arch bridge that consists of five arched spans over the Niagara River and a Parker through-truss which spans the Black Rock Canal on the American side of the river. ... Interstate 190 (abbreviated I-190) runs 28. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Ontario_420. ... Highway 420 as part of the 400-series network Highway 420 is a 400-Series Highway in Ontario, Canada. ... Rainbow Bridge may refer to: Rainbow Bridge National Monument in Utah. ... Lewiston is a village in Niagara County, New York, USA. The population was 2,781 at the 2000 census. ... Image File history File links Ontario_405. ... Image:Highway-405. ... The Lewiston-Queenston Bridge crosses the Niagara River gorge just south of the Niagara Escarpment. ...

Federal offices

US Army Corps of Engineers

The offices of the Buffalo District, US Army Corps of Engineers are located adjacent to the Black Rock Lock in the Black Rock channel of the Erie Canal. In addition to maintaining and operating the lock, the District is responsible for planning, design, construction and maintenance of water resources projects in an area extending from Toledo, Ohio to Massena, New York. These include the flood-control dam at Mount Morris, New York, oversight of the lower Great Lakes (Erie and Ontario), review and permitting of wetlands construction, and remedial action for hazardous waste sites. United States Army Corps of Engineers logo The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is made up of some 34,600 civilian and 650 military men and women. ... The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Location of Toledo within Lucas County, Ohio. ... There are two places named Massena in St. ... Mount Morris Dam The Mount Morris Dam is a concrete dam on the Genesee River. ... Mount Morris, New York refers to two locations in Livingston County, New York, both named after Robert Morris, the financier of the American Revolution, and later owner of the The Morris Reserve, from which the lands around Mount Morris were sold to settlers. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ...


Sports teams

Current teams

Sport League Club Founded Venue
Baseball IL Buffalo Bisons 1979 Dunn Tire Park
Football NFL Buffalo Bills 1960 Ralph Wilson Stadium
Hockey NHL Buffalo Sabres 1970 HSBC Arena
Lacrosse NLL Buffalo Bandits 1992 HSBC Arena
Soccer NPSL Queen City FC 2007 All-High Stadium
Basketball PBL Buffalo Dragons 2008 Burt Flickinger Center

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2040x1224, 892 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dunn Tire Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2040x1224, 892 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dunn Tire Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Baseball game at Dunn Tire Park Dunn Tire Park is a baseball-only facility in Buffalo, New York. ... The Buffalo Bisons (Pronounced BI-zons by locals) are a minor league baseball team based in Buffalo, New York. ... This article is about the sport. ... The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league which operates in the eastern United States and Canada. ... The Buffalo Bisons (Pronounced BI-zons by locals) are a minor league baseball team based in Buffalo, New York. ... Baseball game at Dunn Tire Park Dunn Tire Park is a baseball-only facility in Buffalo, New York. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... Ralph Wilson Stadium is a football stadium located in the town of Orchard Park, a suburb of Buffalo, New York. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Buffalo Sabres is the best professional ice hockey team around. ... HSBC Arena HSBC Arena is a sports and entertainment venue located in downtown Buffalo, New York, USA. It is home to the Buffalo Sabres hockey team and the Buffalo Bandits lacrosse team. ... For other uses, see Lacrosse (disambiguation). ... NLL redirects here. ... The Buffalo Bandits are a team in the National Lacrosse League (NLL). ... HSBC Arena HSBC Arena is a sports and entertainment venue located in downtown Buffalo, New York, USA. It is home to the Buffalo Sabres hockey team and the Buffalo Bandits lacrosse team. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The National Premier Soccer League (NPSL) is an American soccer league recognized by the USSF and FIFA as a Division III league. ... Queen City FC is an American sports club, founded in 2006. ... All-High Stadium as seen in The Natural All-High Stadium is a football stadium in Buffalo, New York. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Premier Basketball League is a new league scheduled to begin play in Fall 2007. ... The Burt Flickinger Center is a venue located in downtown Buffalo, New York. ...

Former teams

The original Buffalo Bisons baseball club played in the National League between 1879 and 1885. ... National league can refer to: National Basketball League, in the United States and Canada, which merged with the rival Basketball Association of America to form the National Basketball Association National Football League, the major American football league in the United States National Hockey League, the major ice hockey league in... The Buffalo Buffeds were a professional baseball club that played in the short-lived Federal League, which was a minor league in 1913 and a full-fledged outlaw major league the next two years. ... The Federal League was the last major attempt to establish an independent major league in baseball in the United States in direct competition with and opposition to the established National and American Leagues in 1914 and 1915. ... The Buffalo Bills was an American Football team that played in the All-America Football Conference from 1946 to 1949. ... The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949. ... The Buffalo Bills was an American Football team that played in the All-America Football Conference from 1946 to 1949. ... The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949. ... The Buffalo Bisons are a defunct American Hockey League ice hockey franchise that played from 1940 to 1970 in Buffalo, New York. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Los Angeles Clippers are a National Basketball Association team based in Los Angeles, California. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Buffalo Norsemen played in the old North American Hockey League (NAHL) during the 1975-76 season. ... The North American Hockey League (NAHL) and the defunct America West Hockey League merged in 2003 to form a 21-team Junior A league, sanctioned by USA Hockey. ... The Buffalo Stallions were a soccer team based out of Buffalo that played in the Major Soccer League. ... This article is about the 1978-1992 Major Indoor Soccer League. ... Roller Hockey International team based in Buffalo, NY that was founded in the second season of the RHI. The team played at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium from 1994-1995. ... Roller Hockey International or RHI was an inline hockey league in North America between 1993-97 and 1999. ... Team logo. ... Roller Hockey International or RHI was an inline hockey league in North America between 1993-97 and 1999. ... Roller Hockey is a form of hockey played on a dry surface using skates with wheels. ... The Buffalo Blizzard was an indoor soccer team based in Buffalo, New York. ... The National Professional Soccer League was a professional indoor soccer league in the USA. It started out as the American Indoor Soccer Association in 1984 but changed its name to the National Professional Soccer League in 1990. ... Categories: Stub | American football teams | Columbus, Ohio sports ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... The Buffalo Silverbacks are an American Basketball Association team based in Buffalo, New York. ... For information on the original league that lasted until 1976, see American Basketball Association (1967-1977). ...

Media

Television

See also: Category:Television stations in Buffalo

Newspapers

See also: Category:Newspapers published in New York

The Buffalo News is the primary newspaper of the Buffalo, New York metropolitan area and its surrounding suburbs. ... An alternative weekly, alternately referred to as an alternative newsweekly or alternative newspaper, is a form of alternative media newspaper found in many centres in the United States and Canada. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Buffalo Courier-Express was a morning newspaper in Buffalo, New York. ... The Daily Beast was a newspaper in the 1938 novel Scoop The Beast is a Buffalo, New York left-libertarian biweekly newspaper founded by Matt Taibbi and Kevin McElwee in 2002. ... Left-libertarianism is an offshoot of conventional libertarianism that holds a more egalitarian theory of ownership of resources. ...

Radio

See also: Category:Radio stations in Buffalo, New York

New York State Radio Markets Albany (AM) (FM) (radio) Â· Binghamton Â· Buffalo (AM) (FM) Â· Elmira-Corning Â· Ithaca Â· Long Island New York City (AM) (FM) Â· Newburgh-Middletown Â· Olean Â· Plattsburgh Â· Poughkeepsie Â· Riverhead Rochester (AM) (FM) Â· Saratoga Â· Syracuse (AM) (FM) Â· Utica (AM) (FM) Â· Watertown // Following is a List of radio stations in New York...

Film industry

Though Buffalo is not a major center of film production, the Buffalo Niagara Film Commission exists to promote and assist with filmmaking in the area. In addition, the non-profit Buffalo International Film Festival helps to highlight the work of Buffalonians associated with the film industry. Squeaky Wheel, a non-profit media arts center, provides access for local media artists to video and film equipment, as well as screenings of independent and avant-garde films. This article is about motion pictures. ...


Films set in the Buffalo area

There have also been a number films that were set or filmed in the Buffalo area.

  • Best Friends was filmed in Buffalo in 1982.
  • Buffalo '66 was set and filmed in Buffalo.
  • Bruce Almighty was set in Buffalo.
  • Evan Almighty was set in Buffalo in the beginning of the movie.
  • Hide in Plain Sight was set and filmed in Buffalo.
  • Manna from Heaven was set and filmed in Buffalo.
  • The Natural, while not set in Buffalo, was mostly filmed in Buffalo.
  • Shadow Creature was filmed in Buffalo.
  • The Savages, starring Philip Seymour Hoffman, was filmed throughout Buffalo in the spring of 2006.
  • Poultrygeist: Night of the Chicken Dead, A Troma film shot in Buffalo at an old McDonalds location on Bailey Ave.
  • The Buddy Holly Story depicts the name "The Crickets" being bestowed upon Buddy's group by Buffalo disk jockey 'Madman' Mancuso, who (after having locked himself in the studio while he plays "That'll Be the Day" over and over), tracks down Buddy for a phone interview. Upon learning from Buddy that one of the songs the as-yet-unnamed group had recorded in Buddy's garage "has a cricket on it," the DJ anoints them "Buddy Holly and the Crickets."
  • Stiletto Dance starring Eric Roberts as a Buffalo cop trying to foil a Russian mafia-nuclear weapon deal was set and filmed in Buffalo in 2001.
  • Planes, Trains & Automobiles starring Steve Martin and John Candy. The "Automobile" scenes were filmed along U.S. Route 219, south of Buffalo.
  • Canadian Bacon although largely set in nearby Niagara Falls, had significant scenes in Buffalo.
  • You Kill Me is half set in Buffalo, although it was mostly filmed in Winnipeg
  • The Falls(about a kidnapping) was shot in and takes place in Buffalo.
  • Prison of the Psychotic Damned] A horror picture which takes place in the old Buffalo Central Terminal

This article is about the childrens novel. ... Promotional poster for Buffalo ’66 Buffalo ’66 is a 1998 film, and is writer/director Vincent Gallos semi-autobiographical full-length motion picture debut. ... Bruce Almighty is a 2003 comedy movie directed by Tom Shadyac and written by Steve Koren, Mark OKeefe, and Steve Oedekerk. ... Evan Almighty is a 2007 comedy film, and sequel to the 2003 film Bruce Almighty. ... The Natural is a 1952 novel about baseball written by Bernard Malamud. ... The Savages is a 2007 comedy/drama feature film directed by Tamara Jenkins, starring Philip Seymour Hoffman, Laura Linney, and Philip Bosco. ... Philip Seymour Hoffman (born July 23, 1967) is an Academy Award-winning American actor. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants [1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ... The Buddy Holly Story is a 1978 biographical film which tells the life story of rock musician Buddy Holly. ... The Crickets The Crickets were the backing band from Texas in the United States, formed by singer/songwriter Buddy Holly in the 1950s. ... Eric Anthony Roberts (born on April 18, 1956, in Biloxi, Mississippi) is an Academy Award-nominated American film and stage actor. ... Planes, Trains & Automobiles is an American comedy movie produced by Paramount Pictures in 1987. ... For other uses, see Steve Martin (disambiguation). ... John Franklin Candy (October 31, 1950 – March 4, 1994) was a Canadian comedian and actor. ... U.S. Route 219 is a spur of U.S. Route 19. ... “Canadian bacon” redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... You Kill Me is a 2007 mafia comedy thriller film. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ...

Sister cities

Buffalo has a number of sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International (SCI):[56][57] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between cities in the United States and cities in other countries. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Drohobych (Ukrainian: , German: , Polish: , Russian: ) is a city located at the confluence of the Tysmenytsia river and Seret, a tributary of the latter, in the Lviv Oblast (province), in western Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Horlivka or Gorlovka (Горлівка) is a city in the Donets Basin in Ukraine, with a population of 292,000 (2001 census). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Kanazawa (金沢市; -shi) is the capital city of Ishikawa Prefecture in Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Qiryat Gat (קרית גת; unofficially also spelled Kiryat Gat) is a city in the Southern District of Israel in Israel. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Rzeszów (pronounce: [ʒεʃuv]) is a city in south-eastern Poland with a population of 159,649 (2003), granted a town charter in 1354, the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodship (since 1999), previously of Rzeszow Voivodship (1945-1998). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Saint Ann, Jamaica (2001 population 168,726), is a parish located in the northern part of Jamaica and is north west of Kingston. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Tvers coat of arms depicts grand ducal crown placed on a throne. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Province of Foggia Torremaggiore is a town and comune in the province of Foggia in the Apulia region of southeast Italy. ...

Honorary consulates in Buffalo

See also

Many Buffalonians have found fame and fortune in their careers. ... South Buffalo Township is a township located in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Polish Cathedral style. ... The East Side is the Polish district of Buffalo, New York centered around the intersection of Broadway and Fillmore. ... Buffalo City Hall is the seat for local government in the City of Buffalo, New York. ... Infobox FireDepartment | name = Buffalo Fire Department | logo = | motto = So Others May Live | established = 07/01/1880 | staffing = Career/Paid | strength = 766 | stations = 19 | engines = 19 | trucks = 9 | | rescues = 1 | | FirstResponderBLSorALS = CFR | commissioner = Michael Lombardo The Buffalo Fire Department is the fire and rescue service for the City of Buffalo, New... Buffalo Airfield (FAA LID: 9G0), also known as Buffalo Airpark, is an airport located in the town of West Seneca in Erie County, New York. ...

References

  1. ^ First White Settlement and Black Joe - Buffalo, NY. The Buffalonian, accessed April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ The Village of Buffalo 1801 to 1832. The Buffalonian, accessed April 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Metropolitan & Central City Population: 2000-2005. Demographia.com, accessed September 3, 2006.
  4. ^ The city's name is pronounced /ˈbʌfloʊ/ by a minority of local residents
  5. ^ Erie County Government: Overview. Erie County (New York) Government Home Page, accessed April 16, 2008.
  6. ^ Buffalo city, New York - Fact Sheet. U.S. Census Bureau, accessed April 16, 2008.
  7. ^ United States and Puerto Rico by Metropolitan Area. U.S. Census Bureau, accessed April 16, 2008.
  8. ^ First White Settlement and Black Joe - Buffalo, NY. The Buffalonian, accessed April 15, 2008.
  9. ^ Table 1. Rank by Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places, Listed Alphabetically by State: 1790-1990. U.S. Census Bureau, accessed April 16, 2008.
  10. ^ Early Railways in Buffalo. The Buffalonian, accessed April 16, 2008.
  11. ^ "Buffalo as a Flour Milling Center" by Laura O'Day. Economic Geography, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan., 1932), pp. 81-93. Published by: Clark University.
  12. ^ [http://www.buffaloah.com/h/1945.html#1939 The History of Buffalo: A Chronology Buffalo, New York 1929-1945]. Buffalo Architecture and History, accessed April 16, 2008.
  13. ^ Priebe Jr., J. Henry. Beginnings - The Village of Buffalo - 1801 to 1832. Retrieved on 2007-09-07.
  14. ^ Fordham, Monroe (April 1996). Michigan Street Church. African American history of Western New York. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  15. ^ African American history of Western New York. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  16. ^ a b Priebe Jr., J. Henry. The City of Buffalo 1840-1850. Retrieved on 2007-09-09.
  17. ^ a b LaChiusa, Chuck. The History of Buffalo: A Chronology Buffalo, New York 1841-1865. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  18. ^ a b Can Buffalo Ever Come Back? from City Journal
  19. ^ Believe it, or not. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.178.
  20. ^ current city development projects 2007. Retrieved on 2007-11-04.
  21. ^ Buffalo's Climate. National Weather Service. Accessed July 5, 2006.
  22. ^ Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). Population Of The 100 Largest Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States: 1790 To 1990. Population Division, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Retrieved on 2006-05-02.
  23. ^ a b SUNY Buffalo Regional Knowledge Network.
  24. ^ Buffalo Public Schools Adult and Continuing Education Division.
  25. ^ Career and Technical Education department.
  26. ^ See Erie County.ppt www.labor.state.ny.us
  27. ^ BLS, Table 1. Covered establishments, employment, and wages in the 326 largest counties, fourth quarter 2006
  28. ^ www.labor.state.ny.us
  29. ^ bizjournals.com
  30. ^ [1]."American Planning Association". Accessed October 4, 2007
  31. ^ Forever Elmwood - The Elmwood Village Association
  32. ^ Buffalo is Nation's Second Poorest City. WNED-AM 970 NEWS. Accessed March 11, 2008.
  33. ^ Buffalo falls to second-poorest big city in U.S., with a poverty rate of nearly 30 percent. Buffalo News. Accessed September 2, 2007.
  34. ^ Vacant Houses, Scourge of a Beaten-down Buffalo. New York Times. Accessed September 14, 2007.
  35. ^ a b Derek Burnett,America's Top Five Cleanest Cities. Reader's Digest. Accessed January 4, 2007.
  36. ^ [2], accessed 7 August 2007
  37. ^ The Guide to Buffalo English, accessed 7 August 2007
  38. ^ Juneteenth Festival of Buffalo, NY, accessed 7 July 2007
  39. ^ Grossman, Cathy Lynn (2001-02-12). Lots and lots of heart in Buffalo (HTML). USA Today. Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
  40. ^ All-America City: Past Winners (HTML). National Civic League. Retrieved on 2007-03-23.
  41. ^ Taste of Buffalo, accessed 7 July 2007
  42. ^ [City of Buffalo Public Art Collection
  43. ^ Hallwalls Contemporary Arts Center, accessed 7 July 2007
  44. ^ CEPA Gallery, access 7 July 2007
  45. ^ Louis Sullivan - Guaranty / Prudential Building, accessed 7 July 2007
  46. ^ William Heath House, accessed 7 July 2007
  47. ^ The Graycliff Estate, accessed 7 July 2007
  48. ^ Temple Beth Zion, accessed 7 July 2007
  49. ^ Buffalo Bills, Buffalo Sabres, Buffalo NightLife, chippewa street, west chippewa street, Chippewa Street, West Chippewa Street
  50. ^ The Buffalo & Erie County Historical Society Buffalo New York
  51. ^ Buffalo Museum of Science - Home
  52. ^ B&ECPL :: Collections of Special Interest
  53. ^ The Basilica of Our Lady of Victory
  54. ^ Sharon Linstedt. "Area flies high on low fares", www.buffalonews.com/103/story/63037.html, 2007-04-24. 
  55. ^ Bill Michelmore. "Niagara airport pushed as trade hub; Schumer joins effort to bring global cargo", Buffalo News, 2006-06-26, p. B1. 
  56. ^ New York State Sister Cities. Sister Cities, Inc.
  57. ^ Sister Cities from Buffalo's website

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is a quarterly magazine focusing on urban policy. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • The Ten Most Indispensable Books About Buffalo

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Buffalo, New York (category)
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Buffalo (city).
  • Buffalo Central Terminal
  • City of Buffalo webpage
  • Buffalo at the Open Directory Project
  • Visitor Information from Buffalo Niagara Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • An Online Resource for Art, Architecture & Design in Buffalo, New York, Buffalo Niagara Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • Buffalo Architecture and History
  • The Buffalonian, history of Western New York
  • BuffaloResearch.com, a portal to researching ancestors, buildings, companies, literature, and more in Buffalo
  • Buffalo Music Hall of Fame
  • Buffalo Niagara Riverkeeper
  • Buffalo Airport
  • Buffalo Place - Events, dining, theater and other resources
  • Buffalo, New York is at coordinates 42°53′11″N 78°52′41″W / 42.8864, -78.8781 (Buffalo, New York)Coordinates: 42°53′11″N 78°52′41″W / 42.8864, -78.8781 (Buffalo, New York)
Northwest: Grand Island North: Kenmore, Tonawanda Northeast: Amherst
West: Fort Erie, Niagara River Buffalo East: Sloan, Cheektowaga
Southwest: Lake Erie South: Lackawanna Southeast: West Seneca
Urban areas in the United States are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as contiguous census block groups with a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile (about 400 per square km). ... New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry, architect The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ... The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ... Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area and Red represents Boston proper, the City of Boston Greater Boston is the area of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts surrounding the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that National Capital Region (United States) be merged into this article or section. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest metropolitan area and one of the most diverse[2] in the United States consisting of 10 counties within the state of Texas. ... The Atlanta metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Metro Atlanta in Georgia, is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and consists of 28 counties in Georgia. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. ... The Seattle metropolitan area includes the city of Seattle, Washington; King County, Washington; and several surrounding cities and counties in the Puget Sound area. ... “Greater San Diego” redirects here. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul is the most populous urban area in the state of Minnesota, United States, and is composed of 188 cities and townships. ... Greater St. ... The Baltimore Metropolitan Area, also known as Baltimore-Towson, is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) encompassing northeastern Maryland and a small section of southern Pennsylvania. ... The Tampa Bay area is a metropolitan area on the Gulf coast of west-central Florida. ... The metropolitan area centered on the city of Denver, Colorado is known officially by the United States Census Bureau as the Denver metropolitan area (population 2,179,240 in 2000). ... NASA image of Greater Cleveland and Lake Erie Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ... The Pittsburgh metropolitan area is the U.S. Census-defined seven county region surrounding the city of Pittsburgh in Western Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Portland metropolitan area is the urban area centered around Portland, Oregon and the Willamette River. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... The Inland Empire and its regions within The Inland Empire refers to the region in Southern California located in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the United States. ... The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky____the worst place on the planet____ metropolitan area is a metropolitan area that includes 15 counties in Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. ... This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... Sacramento County is a county in the U.S. state of California. ... Kansas City satellite map The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a fifteen county metropolitan area is anchored by Kansas City, Missouri straddling the border between the states of Missouri and Kansas. ... Map of Texas highlighting the San Antonio metropolitan area. ... The Las Vegas metropolitan area, includes the Las Vegas Valley a 600 square mile (1600 km²) basin, and surrounding areas, that are part of Clark County in southern Nevada. ... Location in the state of Wisconsin The Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha metropolitan area is an urban area that the U.S. Census Bureau defines as a Combined Statistical Area centered on the city of Milwaukee and had a population of 1,708,563 people as of the 2005 U.S. Census... The Indianapolis, IN, Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 33rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Providence metropolitan area is a region covering ten counties in two states, and is the 36th largest metropolitan area in the United States. ... Greater Orlando, alternatively known as the Orlando Area or Metro Orlando, is the third most populated metropolitan region in the state of Florida, and the 19th-largest metro area in the United States. ... The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on American city of Columbus, Ohio. ... The New Orleans Metropolitan Area, consisting of the Greater New Orleans region and three addtional parishes which share the perimeter of Lake Ponchartrain, is the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana, centered around the city of New Orleans. ... Not to be confused with Buffalo Niagara Region. ... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... Map of Texas highlighting the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. ... The Gold Coast is a region of the state of Connecticut, United States, roughly contiguous with the boundaries of Fairfield County; it derives its regional nickname from Fairfield County being ranked as one of the wealthiest counties in the United States and being the headquarters to most of the hedge... The Wasatch Front is an urban area in the U.S. state of Utah. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 43rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Greater Hartford region is a region located in the state of Connecticut centered around the states capital of Hartford. ... Richmond-Petersburg is a region located in a central part of the state of Virginia in the United States. ... Counties most commonly associated with the Charlote Metro area are in dark red, counties often included are light red, and counties sometimes included are in orange. ... The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN is the 39th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States[1] and the largest metropolitan area in the state of Tennessee, encompassing its north central section. ... The Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area is a large urban region located in the central part of the state of Oklahoma. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Buffalo, New York - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6007 words)
Buffalo's thriving arts, cultural, and nightlife scenes is considered the hub of the greater bi-national region in New York and Ontario.
Most of western New York was granted by Charles II of England to the Duke of York (later known as James II of England), but the first European settlement in what is now Erie County was by the French, at the mouth of Buffalo Creek in 1758.
With the increased commerce of the canal, the population boomed and Buffalo was incorporated as a city in 1832.
Buffalo, New York - Free Encyclopedia (1099 words)
In 1808 the new Niagara County, New York was formed (which at the time included what is now Erie County), with Buffalo as the county seat.
Buffalo was incorporated as a town in 1816.
Buffalo was reincorporated as a city in 1832, at which time it had some 10,000 people.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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