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Encyclopedia > Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Panorama of the city at night.

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 34°36′36.00″S 58°22′11.99″W / -34.61, -58.3699972
Established 1536, 1580
Government
 - Chief of Government Mauricio Macri
 - Senators María Eugenia Estenssoro, Samuel Cabanchik, Daniel Filmus
Area
 - City 203 km² (78.5 sq mi)
 - Land 203 km² (78.5 sq mi)
 - Metro 4,758 km² (1,837.1 sq mi)
Population (2007 est.)
 - City 3,034,161
 - Density 14,946.6/km² (38,711.5/sq mi)
 - Metro 13,044,800
HDI (2005) 0.923 – high
Website: http://www.buenosaires.gov.ar/ (Spanish)

Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina. Buenos Aires city is located within the Buenos Aires Province on the southern shore of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent, but is not the capital of the province, nor even part of it. Greater Buenos Aires is the third largest conurbation in Latin America, with a population of about 13 million. Buenos Aires normally refers to one of the following: Buenos Aires, capital city of the Argentine Republic or Gran Buenos Aires (Greater Buenos Aires), that citys surrounding metropolitan area or Buenos Aires Province, one of Argentinas 23 constituent provinces. ... The name of the city of Buenos Aires (pronounced ), the capital of Argentina, means Good Air or Fair Winds in Spanish. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Buenos_Aires_(City)_in_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Buenos_Aires_Coats_of_Arms. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Mapa_de_Buenos_Aires. ... A list of Mayors and Chiefs of Government of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentinas capital, since its federalisation. ... Mauricio Macri Mauricio Macri (born 8 February 1959) is an Argentine politician. ... Daniel Fernando Filmus is an Argentine politician and academic, currently Secretary of Education, Science and Technology in the government of President Néstor Kirchner. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... This page is about the South American estuary. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Gran Buenos Aires or Greater Buenos Aires is the metropolitan area next to the city of Buenos Aires and comprises the following 24 partidos (administrative subdivisions) of the Province of Buenos Aires. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


After the internal conflicts of the 19th century, Buenos Aires was federalised and removed from Buenos Aires Province in 1880. The city limits were enlarged to include the former towns of Belgrano and Flores, which are both now neighbourhoods of the city. Federalisation is a term which in Argentine law defines the process of assigning federal status to a territory, with the purpose of making that territory the national capital. ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... // Location Belgrano is a leafy, northern barrio or neighborhood of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Flores is a middle class barrio or district in the centre part of Buenos Aires city, Argentina. ... The city of Buenos Aires is divided in 47 barrios: Agronomía Almagro Balvanera Barracas Belgrano Boedo Caballito Chacarita Coglhan Colegiales Constitución Flores Floresta La Boca La Paternal Liniers Mataderos Monte Castro Montserrat Nueva Pompeya Nuñez Palermo Parque Avellaneda Parque Chacabuco Parque Chas Parque Patricios Recoleta Retiro Saavedra...


Buenos Aires (English: Fair Winds or Good Air (see Names of Buenos Aires), pronounced [ˈbwe.nɔs ˈaj.ɾɛs]) was originally named after the sanctuary of "Nostra Signora di Bonaria"[citation needed] (Italian for "Our Lady of Fair Winds", also known as "Virgine de Bonaria") in Cagliari, Sardinia. In the 1994 constitution the city became autonomous, hence its formal name: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The name of the city of Buenos Aires (pronounced ), the capital of Argentina, means Good Air or Fair Winds in Spanish. ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ... Carales redirects here. ... Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: ; Sardinian: or ) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. ...


People from Buenos Aires are called porteños (people of the port). Porteño is the Spanish demonym for those born in the Argentine city of Buenos Aires. ...

Contents

History

Juan de Garay, founder of Buenos Aires
Juan de Garay, founder of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires foundation in 1580
Buenos Aires foundation in 1580
1888 German map of Buenos Aires.

1888 German map of Buenos Aires This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... 1888 German map of Buenos Aires This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

First Settlement

Seaman Juan Díaz de Solís, navigating in the name of Spain, was the first European to reach the Río de la Plata in 1516. His expedition was cut short when he was killed during an attack by the native Charrúa tribe in what is now Uruguay. Juan Díaz de Solís, (Lebrija, Seville, 1470 – Rio de la Plata, 1516), Spanish navigator and explorer. ... This page is about the South American estuary. ... Formerly a tribe in southern South America, the Charrua were slowly killed and integrated into the prevailing cultures of Uruguay and southern Brazil following the arrival of European settlers. ...


The city of Buenos Aires was first established as Ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Ayre[1] (literally "City of Our Lady Saint Mary of the Fair Winds") on February 2, 1536 by a Spanish expedition led by Pedro de Mendoza. The city founded by Mendoza was located in what is today the San Telmo district of Buenos Aires, south of the city center. is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Pedro de Mendoza (1487–1537) was a Spanish conquistador, and the first adelantado of the Río de la Plata. ... Street performers in San Telmo San Telmo in the map of Buenos Aires San Telmo (St Pedro González Telmo) is one of the oldest barrios (neighborhoods) of Buenos Aires, Argentina and also one of the best preserved areas of that constantly changing Argentine metropolis, with a number of colonial...


More attacks by the indigenous peoples forced the settlers away, and in 1541 the site was abandoned. A second (and permanent) settlement was established in 1580 by Juan de Garay, who arrived by sailing down the Paraná River from Asunción (now the capital of Paraguay). Juan de Garay (born in 1528 in Orduña, Spain - died near the River Plate in 1583) was an Spanish conquistador. ... The sun rising over the Paraná River, from the north-east of Rosario, Argentina. ... This article is about the capital city of Paraguay. ...


Colonial History

From its earliest days, the success of Buenos Aires depended on trade. During most of the 17th and 18th centuries, Spain insisted that all trade to Europe pass through Lima, Peru so that taxes could be collected. This scheme frustrated the traders of Buenos Aires, and a thriving contraband industry developed. Unsurprisingly, this also instilled a deep resentment in porteños towards Spanish authorities.[1] This article is about Lima, Peru. ... Porteño is the Spanish demonym for those born in the Argentine city of Buenos Aires. ...


Sensing these feelings, Charles III of Spain progressively eased the trade restrictions and finally declared Buenos Aires an open port in the late 1700s. The capture of Porto Bello by British forces also fueled the need to foster commerce via the Atlantic route, to the detriment of Lima-based trade. Charles's placating actions did not have the desired effect; and the porteños, some of them versed in the ideology of the French revolution, became even more desirous of independence from Spain. Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Portobelo (formerly Puerto Bello) is a port in Panama. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on...


During the British invasions of the Río de la Plata, British forces attacked Buenos Aires twice, in 1806 and 1807, but were repelled both times by local militias. Ultimately, on May 25, 1810, while Spain was occupied with the Peninsular War, and after a week of mostly pacific demonstrations, the criollo citizens of Buenos Aires successfully ousted the Spanish Viceroy and established a provisional government. May 25 is now celebrated as a national holiday (May Revolution Day). Formal independence from Spain was later declared in 1816. The British invasions of the Río de la Plata (Spanish: Invasiones Inglesas al Río de la Plata) were a series of unsuccessful British attempts at military control of the Spanish colonies located around the Río de la Plata basin in South America, between 1806 and 1807, as... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... For the 1862 American Civil War campaign, see Peninsula Campaign. ... In the Spanish colonial caste system (castas), a criollo was a person of unmixed Spanish ancestry born in the colonies. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... La Revolución de Mayo (the May Revolution) was the first attempt at independence in the Viceroyalty of the River Plate, which contains present-day Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. ...


Historically, Buenos Aires has been Argentina's main venue for liberal and free-trade ideas, while many of the provinces, especially to the Northwest, advocated a more conservative Catholic approach to political and social issues. Much of the internal tension in Argentina's history, starting with the centralist-federalist conflicts of the 19th century, can be traced back to these contrasting views. In the months immediately following the May 25 Revolution, Buenos Aires sent a number of military envoys to the provinces with the intention of obtaining their approval. Many of these missions ended in violent clashes, and the enterprise fueled the tensions between the capital and the provinces.


In the 19th century the city was blockaded twice by naval forces: by the French from 1838 to 1840, and later by a joint Anglo-French expedition from 1845 to 1848. Both blockades failed to force the city into submission, and the foreign powers eventually desisted from their demands. A blockade is any effort to prevent supplies, troops, information or aid from reaching an opposing force. ...


Modern History

Buenos Aires city centre in 1920
Buenos Aires city centre in 1920
The construction of skyscrapers began in the 19th century.
The construction of skyscrapers began in the 19th century.

During most of the 19th century, the political status of the city remained a sensitive subject. It was already capital of Buenos Aires Province, and between 1853 and 1860 it was the capital of the seceded State of Buenos Aires. The issue was debated more than once on the battlefield, until the matter was finally settled in 1880 when the city was federalised and became the seat of government, with its Mayor appointed by the President. The Casa Rosada became the seat of the office of the President. The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... Government After years of post-World War II instability, Argentina is today a fully functioning democracy. ... Federalisation is a term which in Argentine law defines the process of assigning federal status to a territory, with the purpose of making that territory the national capital. ... The Casa Rosada La Casa Rosada (Spanish for the Pink House), officially known as the Casa de Gobierno (Government House), is the official seat of the executive branch of the government of Argentina. ... The President of Argentina (full title: President of the Argentine Nation, Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina) is the head of state of Argentina. ...


In addition to the wealth generated by the fertile pampas, railroad construction in the second half of the 19th century increased the economic power of Buenos Aires as raw materials flowed into its factories; Buenos Aires became a multicultural city that ranked itself with the major European capitals. The Colón Theater became one of the world's top opera venues. The city's main avenues were built during those years, and the dawn of the 20th century saw the construction of South America's then-tallest buildings and first underground system. Night shot of the Colon Theatre in Buenos Aires, Argentina The present Colón Theater (Spanish:Teatro Colón) in Buenos Aires, Argentina is one of the most famous opera houses in the world. ... Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


By the 1920s Buenos Aires was a favoured destination for immigrants from Europe, as well as from Argentina's provinces and neighbouring countries. Shanty towns (villas miseria) started growing around the city's industrial areas, leading to extensive social problems which contrasted sharply with Argentina's image as a country of riches. Buenos Aires was the cradle of Peronism: the now-mythical demonstration of October 17, 1945 took place in Plaza de Mayo.[2] Industrial workers of the Greater Buenos Aires industrial belt have been Peronism's main support base ever since, and Plaza de Mayo became the site for demonstrations and many of the country's political events. Joe Slovo shanty town in Langa on the Cape Flats simmers after a fire (Cape Town, South Africa) Shanty town near Tijuana, Mexico. ... Homes in a villa miseria in Rosario. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Overview of Plaza de Mayo The Plaza de Mayo (Spanish: May Square) is the main square in downtown Buenos Aires, Argentina; it is flanked by Hipólito Yrigoyen, Balcarce, Rivadavia and Bolívar streets. ...


On June 16, 1955, a splinter faction of the Navy bombed the Plaza de Mayo area, killing 364 civilians (see Bombing of Plaza de Mayo). This was the only time the city was attacked from the air; this event was followed by a military uprising which deposed President Perón three months later (see Revolución Libertadora). is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... The bombing of Plaza de Mayo is an event in Argentine history. ... The Revolución Libertadora (Spanish, Liberating Revolution) was a military uprising that ended the second presidential term of Juan Domingo Perón in Argentina, in 1955. ...


In the 1970s, the city suffered from the fighting between left-wing revolutionary movements (Montoneros, E.R.P. and F.A.R.) and the right-wing paramilitary group Triple A, supported by Isabel Perón, who became president of Argentina in 1974 after Juan Perón's death. Official logo of Montoneros The Movimiento Peronista Montonero was an Argentinian radical leftist nationalist-catholic guerrilla group, active during the 1970s. ... ERP Flag The Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo (ERP) was the military branch of the communist PRT (Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores, or Workers Revolutionary Party) in Argentina. ... The Federal Acquisition Regulations, usually referred to as the FAR (or sometimes F.A.R.), are a series of regulations issued by the U.S. federal government that concern the requirements of contractors for selling to the government, the terms under which the government obtains ownership, title and control of... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... The Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Spanish: , usually known as Triple A or AAA) was a far-right death squad active in Argentina during the mid-1970s, particularly active under Isabel Peróns rule (1974-1976). ... President Perón giving a speech María Estela Martínez de Perón (born on February 4, 1931, in La Rioja, Argentina) better known as Isabel Martínez de Perón would become the third wife of Argentine President Juan Perón and serve as President of Argentina in...


The military coup of 1976, led by Jorge Rafael Videla, only escalated this conflict; the "Dirty War" resulted in 30,000 desaparecidos (people kidnapped and killed by the military during the years of the junta).[3] The silent marches of their mothers (Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo) are a well-known image of Argentines suffering during those times. A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo (born August 21, 1925 in Mercedes, Buenos Aires) was the de facto President of Argentina from 1976 to 1981. ... Poster by the Madres de la Plaza de Mayo NGO with photos of disappeared. This article especially refers to the Argentine dirty war; however, the term has been used in other contexts, for example in Morocco; see also lead years. ... Desaparecidos means literally the disappeared in Spanish, and is a reference to people who were arrested, often illegally, by various South American military governments and then vanished. ... The white shawl of the Mothers, painted on the ground in Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires. ...


The city was visited by Pope John Paul II twice: in 1982, due to the outbreak of the Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur), and a second visit in 1987, which gathered crowds never before seen in the city. John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: , Polish: ) born   IPA: ; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church and Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City from 16 October 1978, until his death, almost 27 years later. ... Belligerents Argentina United Kingdom Commanders President Leopoldo Galtieri Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo Brigadier-General Ernesto Crespo Brigade-General Mario Menéndez Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse Rear-Admiral John “Sandy” Woodward Major-General Jeremy Moore Casualties and losses 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner...


On March 17, 1992 a bomb exploded in the Israeli Embassy, killing 29 and injuring 242. Another explosion on July 18, 1994 destroyed a building housing several Jewish organizations, killing 85 and injuring many more. is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Israeli Embassy attack in Buenos Aires was a bomb attack against Israels embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina on March 17, 1992. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... The AMIA Bombing was an attack on the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (Argentine Israelite Mutual Association, or AMIA) building in Buenos Aires on July 18, 1994, that killed 85 people. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ...


On December 30, 2004, a fire at the República Cromagnon nightclub killed almost 200 people, one of the greatest non-natural tragedies in Argentine history. is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Relatives of the deceased in the fire light candles in a public protest against the perceived lack of control by the government. ...


Government and politics

Government structure

Argentina's Parliament (Congreso Nacional) in Buenos Aires city
Argentina's Parliament (Congreso Nacional) in Buenos Aires city

The Executive of the city is held by the Chief of Government ("Jefe de Gobierno"), who is directly elected for a four-year term, together with a Deputy Chief, who presides over the 60-member Legislature. For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Look up policy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Each member of the Legislature is elected for a four year term; half of the Legislature is renewed every two years. Elections use the D'Hondt method. The Judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court of Justice (Tribunal Superior de Justicia), the Magistrate's Council (Consejo de la Magistratura), the Public Ministry, and other City Courts. The DHondt method (mathematically but not operationally equivalent to Jeffersons method, and Budder-Ofer method) is a highest averages method for allocating seats in party-list proportional representation. ...


In legal terms, the city enjoys less autonomy than the provinces. The national Judiciary determine the autonomy of the city's Judiciary with regards to common law, while the national Executive branch controls the city’s police. This article is about law in society. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ...


Beginning in 2007, the city has embarked on a new decentralization scheme, creating new communes (comunas) managed by a seven-person elected committee.


Article 61 of the 1996 Constitution of the City of Buenos Aires states that "Suffrage is free, equal, secret, universal, compulsory and non-accumulative. Resident aliens enjoy this same right, with its corresponding obligations, on equal terms with Argentine citizens registered in the district, under the terms established by law." [4]


Recent political history

Casa Rosada in Buenos Aires
Casa Rosada in Buenos Aires

In 1996, following the 1994 reform of the Argentine Constitution, the city held its first mayoral elections under the new statutes, with the mayor's title formally changed to "Chief of Government". The winner was Fernando de la Rúa, who would later become President of Argentina for the period 1999 to 2001. The 1994 reform to the Argentine Constitution was approved on 22 August, as a result of the Olivos Pact between by that time president of Argentina Carlos Saúl Menem, and the former president and leader of the opposition Raúl Alfonsín. ... Fernando de la Rúa Bruno (born September 15, 1937) is an Argentine politician. ...


De la Rúa's successor, Aníbal Ibarra, won two popular elections, but was impeached (and ultimately deposed on March 6, 2006) as a result of the fire at the República Cromagnon nightclub. Jorge Telerman, who had been the acting mayor, was invested with the office. In the 2007 elections, Mauricio Macri won the second-round of voting over Daniel Filmus, and the office on December 9, 2007. Aníbal Ibarra Aníbal Ibarra (born 1958-03-01) is an Argentine lawyer and politician from Lomas de Zamora, a district located in the southern region of Gran Buenos Aires. ... Depiction of the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson, then President of the United States, in 1868. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... República Cromagnon (Spanish for Cro-Magnon Republic) is a nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Jorge Telerman (born November 29, 1956 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine politician, currently the Chief of Government (Mayor) of the city of Buenos Aires. ... Mauricio Macri Mauricio Macri (born 8 February 1959) is an Argentine politician. ... An example of runoff voting. ... Daniel Fernando Filmus is an Argentine politician and academic, currently Secretary of Education, Science and Technology in the government of President Néstor Kirchner. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


National representation

Buenos Aires is represented in the Argentine Senate by three senators (as of December 2007: María Eugenia Estenssoro, Samuel Cabanchik and Daniel Filmus).[5] The people of Buenos Aires also elect 25 national deputies to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies. The Argentine Senate is the upper house of parliament in Argentina. ... Daniel Fernando Filmus is an Argentine politician and academic, currently Secretary of Education, Science and Technology in the government of President Néstor Kirchner. ... The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentinas parliament. ...


Demographics

See also: Demographics of Argentina
Buenos Aires inhabitants by neighbourhood
Buenos Aires inhabitants by neighbourhood
The city's population density is about 15,000/km² (38,800/sq mi).
The city's population density is about 15,000/km² (38,800/sq mi).
Population growth since 1740
Population growth since 1740

This article is about the demographics features of the population of Argentina, including distribution, ethnicity, economic status and other. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (921x573, 11 KB) Population of Buenos Aires, Argentina 1740 to 2010 based on data from the German Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (921x573, 11 KB) Population of Buenos Aires, Argentina 1740 to 2010 based on data from the German Wikipedia. ...

Census data

As of the census of 2001, there are 12,129,819 people residing in the city and 31 surrounding districts, making Buenos Aires home to one in three Argentines[6]. Population density is over 13,600 inhabitants per square kilometer (34,700/sq mi) in Buenos Aires proper; but, only 2,400 per sq km (6,100 per sq mi) in the suburbs. The racial makeup of the city is White 88.9%, Black 2% or of African descent, Mestizo 7%, and Asian 2.1% .[7] Gran Buenos Aires or Greater Buenos Aires is the metropolitan area next to the city of Buenos Aires and comprises the following 24 partidos (administrative subdivisions) of the Province of Buenos Aires. ... This article is about the color. ... Mestizo is a Spanish term that was formerly used in the Spanish Empire and continues to be used today in Latin America to refer to people of mixed European (Spaniard) and Amerindian ancestry living in the region of Latin America. ... Asian may refer to: Asian people - The people from Asia. ...


The population of Buenos Aires proper has hovered around 3 million since 1947, due to low birth rates and a slow migration to the suburbs. The surrounding districts have, however, expanded over five-fold (to about 9 million) since then.[8]


Origin

See also: Immigration in Argentina

The majority of porteños have European origins, with Italian and Spanish descent being the most common, from and the Calabrian, Ligurian, Piedmont, Lombardy and Neapolitan regions of Italy and from the Galician, Asturian, and Basque regions of Spain[9] Non-native population in Argentina, 1869–1991 There is a theory that the original inhabitants of Argentina were descendants of Asian peoples that crossed the Bering Land Bridge into North America and then, over thousands of years, reached the southern end of South America. ... Porteño is the Spanish demonym for those born in the Argentine city of Buenos Aires. ... For other uses, see Calabria (disambiguation). ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... For the village of the same name in Ontario, Canada, see Lombardy, Ontario. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ...


Other European origins include German, Irish, Portuguese, French, Croatian, English and Welsh. In the 1990s, there was a small wave of immigration from Romania and Ukraine[10] There is a minority of old criollo stock, dating back to the Spanish colonial days. The Criollo and Spanish-aboriginal (mestizo) population in the city has increased mostly as a result of migration, from countries such as Bolivia, Peru and Paraguay, since the second half of the 20th century. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... In the Spanish colonial caste system (castas), a criollo was a person of unmixed Spanish ancestry born in the colonies. ... Mestizo is a Spanish term that was formerly used in the Spanish Empire and continues to be used today in Latin America to refer to people of mixed European (Spaniard) and Amerindian ancestry living in the region of Latin America. ...


Important Syrian-Lebanese and Armenian communities have had a significant presence in commerce and civic life since the beginning of the 20th century.


The Jewish community in Greater Buenos Aires numbers around 250,000, and is the largest in Latin America. Most are of Northern and Eastern European Ashkenazi origin, primarily Russian and Polish Jews, with a significant Sephardic minority, mostly made up of Syrian Jews[11] The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Gran Buenos Aires or Greater Buenos Aires is the metropolitan area next to the city of Buenos Aires and comprises the following 24 partidos (administrative subdivisions) of the Province of Buenos Aires. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים Standard Hebrew, AÅ¡kanazi,AÅ¡kanazim, Tiberian Hebrew, ʾAÅ¡kănāzî, ʾAÅ¡kănāzîm, pronounced sing. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal: ספרד, Standard Hebrew Səfárad, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄áraḏ / Səp̄āraḏ), or whose ancestors were among the Jews expelled from... A Jewish family in Damascus, pictured in their ancient Damascene home, in Ottoman Syria, 1901. ...


The first major East Asian community in Buenos Aires was the Japanese, mainly from Okinawa. Traditionally, Japanese-Argentines were noted as flower growers; in the city proper, there was a Japanese near-monopoly in dry cleaning. Later generations have branched out into all fields of economic activity. Starting in the 1970s there has been an important influx of immigration from China and Korea, the latter known mostly for small, family-owned supermarkets. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the prefecture. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... Dry cleaning is any cleaning process for clothing and textiles using an organic solvent other than water — generally known as dry cleaning fluid, and typically this is tetrachloroethylene. ... This article is about the Korean civilization. ...

Metropolitan Cathedral of Buenos Aires

Barrios

The city is divided into 48 barrios (neighbourhoods) for administrative purposes.[12] The division was originally based on Catholic parroquias (parishes), but has undergone a series of changes since the 1940s. A newer scheme has divided the city into 15 comunas (communes).[13] The city of Buenos Aires is divided in 47 barrios: Agronomía Almagro Balvanera Barracas Belgrano Boedo Caballito Chacarita Coglhan Colegiales Constitución Flores Floresta La Boca La Paternal Liniers Mataderos Monte Castro Montserrat Nueva Pompeya Nuñez Palermo Parque Avellaneda Parque Chacabuco Parque Chas Parque Patricios Recoleta Retiro Saavedra... Look up barrios in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...


Religion

Most inhabitants are Roman Catholic. Buenos Aires is the seat of a Roman Catholic metropolitan archbishop (who is the primate of Argentina) Catholic Church redirects here. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan bishop, whose incumbent is usually called simply a metropolitan, apertains to the bishop of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ... Primate (from the Latin Primus, first) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches. ...


Geography

Satellite image of Río de la Plata
Satellite image of Río de la Plata

The limits of the City of Buenos Aires are determined in the eastern part and north-east by the Rio de la Plata, in the southern part and southeast by the Riachuelo and to the northwest, west and Southwest by Avenida General Paz, highway of 24 km from extension that separates the province of Buenos Aires from the city. Download high resolution version (900x700, 134 KB) from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (900x700, 134 KB) from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The term Rio de la Plata may refer to the following: Rio de la Plata, a river in the U.S. Territory of Puerto Rico River Plate, an Estuary in South America This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Riachuelo may refer to: Argentina Riachuelo Paranacito -> Paranacito, Entre Ríos Province Villa Riachuelo, Buenos Aires Riachuelo, = Rio Matanza, Matanza River, Buenos Aires Brazil Riachuelo, Sergipe (inhabited place) Chile Riachuelo, Los Lagos Uruguay Riachuelo, Uruguay (Colonia Department) Riachuelo Creek (arroyo) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that... Gral. ... For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... Categories: Argentine provinces | Buenos Aires province | Argentina geography stubs ...


Buenos Aires city lies in the pampa region, except some zones like the Buenos Aires Ecological Reserve, the Sports City of Athletic Club Boca Juniors, Aeroparque Jorge Newbery, or the neighborhood of Puerto Madero, because they are emerged artificially by means of the landfill of the coasts of Rio de la Plata. This article is about the lowland plains in South America. ... Boca Juniors redirects here. ... Aeroparque Jorge Newbery (IATA airport code: AEP) is the main airport for domestic flights in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires Womens Bridge in Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires Hilton Hotel and River View towers in Puerto Madero Puerto Madero is a neighborhood, or barrio, of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires, which occupies a significant portion of the Río de la Plata riverbank. ... The term Rio de la Plata may refer to the following: Rio de la Plata, a river in the U.S. Territory of Puerto Rico River Plate, an Estuary in South America This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


The region was formerly crossed by different creeks and lagoons, some of which were refilled and other tubed. Among the most important creeks are: Maldonado, Vega, Medrano, Cildañez and White. In 1908 many creeks were channeled and rectified, as floods were damaging the city's infrastructure. Starting in 1919, most creeks were enclosed. Notably, the Maldonado was tubed in 1954, and currently runs below Juan B. Justo avenue. Look up Creek in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ...


Climate

Further information: Climate of Argentina

The city has a humid subtropical climate ("Cfa" by Köppen classification). The average year temperature is 17.6 °C. The city gets 1147mm of rainfall per year. The average high temperatures rangs from 30,4°C (87 °F) in January, to 14,9°C (58ºC) in Winter (1981-1990 period)[14]. Rain can be expected at any time of year and hailstorms are not unusual. The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... Köppen climate map The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... In meteorology, precipitation is any kind of water that falls from the sky as part of the weather. ...


The lowest temperature ever recorded in central Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Central Observatory) was -5.4 °C (22.3 °F) on July 9, 1918[15]. The highest temperature ever recorded was 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) on January 29, 1957[16]. is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


The last snowfall (see July 2007 Argentine winterstorm) occurred recently on July 9, 2007 when the entry of a massive polar cold snap made as a result the worst winter of Argentina in almost thirty years, where severe snowfalls and blizzards affected the country. It was the first major snowfall in the city in 89 years[17] (since June 22, 1918[18]). is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Cold snap is used in two ways to describe climate: A cold snap is a geological term for a period of intensely cold and dry weather, often occurring during an Ice Age. ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... This page is about the form of precipitation. ... This article is about the winter storm condition. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Many locals leave Buenos Aires during the hot summer months (December, January and February) and head for seaside resorts on the Atlantic coast. Atlantic and North Atlantic redirect here. ...

Weather averages for Buenos Aires, Argentina (1981-1990 period)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4 (87) 28.7 (84) 26.4 (80) 22.7 (73) 19.0 (66) 15.6 (60) 14.9 (59) 17.3 (63) 18.9 (66) 22.5 (73) 25.3 (78) 28.1 (83) 22.4 (72)
Average low °C (°F) 20.4 (69) 19.4 (67) 17.0 (63) 13.7 (57) 10.3 (51) 7.6 (46) 7.4 (45) 8.9 (48) 9.9 (50) 13.0 (55) 15.9 (61) 18.4 (65) 13.5 (56)
Precipitation mm (inches) 119 (4.7) 118 (4.6) 134 (5.3) 97 (3.8) 74 (2.9) 63 (2.5) 66 (2.6) 70 (2.8) 73 (2.9) 119 (4.7) 109 (4.3) 105 (4.1) 1,147 (45.2)
Source: The World Meteorological Organization[19] Nov 2006
Panorama of Buenos Aires Waterfront seen from the River Plate.
Panorama of Buenos Aires Waterfront seen from the River Plate.

River Plate can refer to: Río de la Plata, known to a large proportion of English speakers as River Plate — a large estuary between Argentina and Uruguay Club Atlético River Plate, an Argentinian football (soccer) team Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti, also known as River Plate Stadium, in...

Economy

Buenos Aires is the financial, industrial, commercial, and cultural hub of Argentina. Its port is one of the busiest in South America; navigable rivers by way of the Rio de la Plata connect the port to north-east Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay. As a result it serves as the distribution hub for a vast area of the south-eastern region of the South American continent. Tax collection related to the port has caused many political problems in the past. The Buenos Aires Stock Exchange (Spanish, Bolsa de Comercio de Buenos Aires) or BCBA, is the organisation responsible for the operation of Argentinas primary stock exchange. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... This article is about the history of Argentina. ...


The economy in the city proper alone, measured by Gross Geographic Product (excluding taxes and not adjusted for purchasing parity), totalled US$ 50.2 billion (US$ 16,580 per capita) in 2006 [20] and amounts to nearly a fourth of Argentina's as a whole.[21] Metro Buenos Aires, according to one well-quoted study, constitutes the 13th largest economy among the world's cities.[22] The Buenos Aires Human Development Index (0.923 in 1998) is likewise high by international standards.[23]


To the west of Buenos Aires is the Pampa Húmeda, the most productive agricultural region of Argentina (as opposed to the dry southern Pampa, mostly used for cattle farming). Meat, dairy, grain, tobacco, wool and hide products are processed or manufactured in the Buenos Aires area. Other leading industries are automobile manufacturing, oil refining, metalworking, machine building, and the production of textiles, chemicals, clothing, and beverages. The Humid Pampa (Spanish: Pampa Húmeda) is an extensive region of flat, fertile grassland of loessic origin in Argentina. ... This article is about the lowland plains in South America. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ...


Culture

Teatro Colón (Colón Theatre)
Teatro Colón (Colón Theatre)

Strongly influenced by European culture, Buenos Aires is sometimes referred to as the "Paris of South America".[24][1] Image File history File links TeatroColon. ... Image File history File links TeatroColon. ... The Culture of Europe might better be described as a series of overlapping cultures of Europe. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Buenos Aires is the site of the Teatro Colón, one of the world's greatest opera houses.[25] It is closed for renovations until at least 2010. There are several symphony orchestras and choral societies. The city has numerous museums related to history, fine arts, modern arts, decorative arts, popular arts, sacred art, arts and crafts, theatre and popular music, as well as the preserved homes of noted art collectors, writers, composers and artists. It has many public libraries and cultural associations as well as the largest concentration of active theatres in Latin America[citation needed]. It has a world-famous zoo and Botanical Garden, a large number of landscaped parks and squares, as well as churches and places of worship of many denominations, many of which are architecturally noteworthy.[25] Opened in 1908, the Col n Theater in Buenos Aires, Argentina is one of the most famous opera houses in the world. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... Buenos Aires Zoo The Buenos Aires Zoo covers 18 hectares in the neighbourhood of Palermo in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The Buenos Aires Botanical Garden (Spanish official name Jardín Botánico Carlos Thays de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires) is the Botanical Garden of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


Language

Street in the Buenos Aires CBD.
Street in the Buenos Aires CBD.

Known as Rioplatense Spanish, Buenos Aires' Spanish (and also in other cities like Rosario and Montevideo, Uruguay) is characterised by voseo, yeísmo and aspiration of s in various contexts. It is heavily influenced by the dialects of Spanish spoken in Andalusia and Murcia. A phonetic study conducted by the Laboratory for Sensory Investigations of CONICET and the University of Toronto showed that the porteño accent is closer to the Neapolitan dialect of Italian than any other spoken language. Main urban centers of Rioplatense Spanish. ... Rosario is the largest city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. ... For other uses, see Montevideo (disambiguation). ... Countries that feature voseo. ... Yeísmo is a distinctive feature of many dialects of the Spanish language, which consists of the merger of the palatal lateral approximant phoneme (written ll) with another phoneme, usually realized as a palatal fricative or affricate. ... For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... The Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (National Scientific and Technical Research Council, CONICET) is an Argentine government agency which directs and co-ordinates most of the scientific and technical research done in public universities and institutes. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a public research university in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Porteño is the Spanish demonym for those born in the Argentine city of Buenos Aires. ... Neapolitan may refer to: Neapolitan, a resident of Naples, Italy Neapolitan language, a language of Naples and environs in southern Italy Neapolitan ice cream, a mixture of chocolate, vanilla, and strawberry ice cream side-by-side in the same container Neapolitan chord, in music, is the first inversion of a...


In the early 20th century, Argentina absorbed millions of immigrants, many of them Italians, who spoke mostly in their local dialects (mainly Neapolitan, Sicilian and Genoan). Their adoption of Spanish was gradual, creating a pidgin of Italian dialects and Spanish that was called cocoliche. Its usage declined around the 1950s. Sicilian (, Italian: ) is a Romance language. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... This article is about simplified languages. ... Cocoliche is an Italian pidgin spoken in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


Many Spanish immigrants were from Galicia, to the extent that Spaniards are still generically referred to in Argentina as gallegos (Galicians). Galician language, cuisine and culture had a major presence in the city for most of the 20th century. In recent years, descendants of Galician immigrants have led a mini-boom in Celtic music (which also highlighted the Welsh traditions of Patagonia). Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Language(s) Galician language, Eonavian, Spanish Religion(s) Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups other Spaniards, Portuguese, Irish, Scots, Welsh, French, Italians The Galicians are an ethnic group or nationality whose homeland is Galicia (or Galiza), which is a historial region in Southwestern Europe, embracing a territory situated in the north... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... Celtic music is a term utilized by artists, record companies, music stores and music magazines to describe a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Northern Europe. ... The Welsh settlement in Argentina began in the 19th century. ...


Yiddish was commonly heard in Buenos Aires, especially in the Balvanera garment district and in Villa Crespo until the 1960s. Korean and Chinese have become significant since the 1970s. Most of the newer immigrants learn Spanish quickly and assimilate into city life. Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... Balvanera is a barrio (neighborhood) of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Villa Crespo is a middle-class neighbourhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina, located in the geographical centre of the city. ...


The Lunfardo argot originated within the prison population, and in time spread to all porteños. Lunfardo uses words from Italian dialects, from Brazilian Portuguese, from African and Caribbean languages and even from English. Lunfardo employs humorous tricks such as inverting the syllables within a word (vesre). Today, Lunfardo is mostly heard in tango lyrics [26]; the slang of the younger generations has been evolving away from it. Lunfardo was a colorful, slangy argot of the Spanish language which developed at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century in the lower classes in and around Buenos Aires. ... Argot (French for slang) is primarily slang used by various groups, including but not limited to thieves and other criminals, to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations. ... Vesre (reversing the order of syllables within a word) is one of the features of the Rioplatense Spanish. ...


See also: Belgranodeutsch. Belgranodeutsch is a mixture of High German and the Spanish language, which is spoken in Buenos Aires. ...


Architecture

Galerías Pacífico on Florida St
Galerías Pacífico on Florida St

Buenos Aires architecture is characterized by its individuality and uniqueness, with elements resembling Barcelona, Paris and Madrid. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Frescos in the cupola of Galerías Pacífico. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ...

Modern buildings in the Buenos Aires CBD
Modern buildings in the Buenos Aires CBD

Italian and French influences increased after the declaration of independence at the beginning of the 19th century, though the academic style persisted until the first decades of the 20th century. CBD may stand for: Central business district Convention on Biological Diversity Cannabidiol, a cannabinoid from Cannabis sativa (hemp). ... The Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán. ...


Attempts at renovation took place during the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, when European influences penetrated into the country, reflected by several buildings of Buenos Aires such as the Iglesia Santa Felicitas by Ernesto Bunge; the Palace of Justice, the National Congress, and the Teatro Colón, all of them by Vittorio Meano. This article is about adult human males. ... The Congress of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. ... Night shot of the Colon Theatre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


The simplicity of the Rioplatense baroque style can be clearly seen in Buenos Aires through the works of Italian architects such as André Blanqui and Antonio Masella, in the churches of San Ignacio, Nuestra Señora del Pilar, the Cathedral and the Cabildo. This page is about the South American estuary. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint The Baroque was a style in art that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce... Remains of the entrance to the church. ... Our Lady of the Pillar Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Spanish for Our Lady of the Pillar) the name given to Virgin Mary for her appearance in Spain, whose shrine (Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica) is in Zaragoza, Spain, by the river Ebro. ... Exterior of the Cathedral. ... Buenos Aires Cabildo The Buenos Aires Cabildo (Spanish:Cabildo de Buenos Aires) was the public building in Buenos Aires that was used as government house during the colonial times of the Viceroyalty of the River Plate, and currently operates as a museum. ...

European influenced buildings on Diagonal Norte
European influenced buildings on Diagonal Norte

The architecture of the second half of the 20th century continued to reproduce French neoclassic models, such as the headquarters of the Banco de la Nacion Argentina built by Alejandro Bustillo, and the Museo Hispanoamericano de Buenos Aires|Museo Hispanoamericano of Martín Noel. However, since the 1930s the influence of Le Corbusier and European rationalism consolidated in a group of young architects from the University of Tucumán, among whom Amancio Williams stands out. The construction of skyscrapers proliferated in Buenos Aires until the 1950s. Newer modern high-technology buildings by Argentine architects in the last years of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st include the Le Parc Tower by Mario Álvarez, the Torre Fortabat by Sánchez Elía and the Repsol-YPF Tower by César Pelli. Alejandro Bustillo (1889-1982) was an Argentine painter and architect who left his mark in various tourist destinations in Argentina, especially in the Andean region of the Patagonia. ... Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. ... In epistemology and in its broadest sense, rationalism is any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification (Lacey 286). ... The Universidad Nacional de Tucumán (National University of Tucumán) is an university in the Tucumán Province, in the northwest region of Argentina. ... This article is about building architecture. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Repsol-YPF tower in January 2006 For the building in Madrid (Spain) see Repsol Tower. ... muu Cesar Pelli (born October 12, 1926 in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina) is a noted Argentine architect known for designing some of the worlds tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. ...


Tango

Main article: Tango music
See also: History of Tango
Tango dance
Tango dance

Tango music was born in the suburbs of Buenos Aires, notably in the brothels of the Junín y Lavalle district and in the arrabales (poorer suburbs). Its sensual dance moves were not seen as respectable until adopted by the Parisian high society in the 1920s, and then all over the world. In Buenos Aires, tango-dancing schools (known as academias) were usually men-only establishments. Tango is a style of music that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay. ... Tango postcard, c. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (430x640, 89 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tango (dance) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (430x640, 89 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tango (dance) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Tango consists of a variety of styles that developed in different regions and eras of Argentina and Uruguay as well as in other locations around the world. The dance developed in response to many cultural elements, such as the crowding of the venue and even the fashions in clothing. The styles are mostly danced in either open embrace, where lead and follow connect at arms length, or close embrace, where the lead and follow connect chest-to-chest.


Early tango was known as tango criollo, or simply tango. Today, there are many tango dance styles, including Argentine Tango, Uruguayan Tango, Ballroom tango (American and International styles), Finnish tango and vintage tangos. For the modern international dance form that evolved from the Argentine Tango, see Tango (dance). ... The form of dance that originated in the neighborhoods of Montevideo, Uruguay towards the end of the 1800s. ... Finnish tango is an established variation of the Argentine tango and one of the most enduring and popular music forms in Finland. ...


Cinema

Main article: Cinema of Argentina
See also: Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema

The cinema first appeared in Buenos Aires in 1896. The city has been the centre of the Argentine cinema industry in Argentina for over 100 years since French camera operator Eugene Py directed the pioneering film La Bandera Argentina in 1897. Since then, over 2000 films have been directed and produced within the city, many of them referring to the city in their titles, such as Buenos Aires Plateada, and Buenos Aires a la vista. The culture of tango music has been incorporated into many films produced in the city, especially since the 1930s. Many films have starred tango performers such as Hugo del Carril, Tita Merello, Carlos Gardel and Edmundo Rivero. The Cinema of Argentina has a long tradition, and plays an important role in the culture of Argentina. ... Upcoming 9th Buenos Aires International Independent Film Festival logo The Buenos Aires Festival Internacional de Cine Independiente (BAFICI, English: Buenos Aires International Independent Film Festival) is an international festival of independent films organized each year in the month of April, in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The Cinema of Argentina has a long tradition dating back to the late nineteenth century, and has played an important role in the Culture of Argentina for more than a century. ... Eugene Py (19 May 1859 - 26 August 1924) was a major early French cameraman, cinematographer and film director and is widely considered the founding pioneer of the Cinema of Argentina. ... La Bandera Argentina is the first ever film ever produced in the Cinema of Argentina. ... Buenos Aires plateada (English language:) is a 2000 Argentine black and white film drama directed and written by Luis Barone with Luis Alberto Asurey. ... Buenos Aires a la vista (English language:) is a 1950 Argentine musical drama film directed and written by Luis Bayón Herrera with Carlos A. Petit. ... Tango is a style of music that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay. ... Pierre Bruno Hugo Fontana otherwise known as Hugo del Carril (30 November 1912 - 13 August 1989 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentine film actor and film director of the classic era. ... Tita Merello (11 October 1904 - 24 December 2002 in Buenos Aires) was a prominent Argentine film actress, and tango dancer and singer. ... Carlos Gardel (1933) Carlos Gardel (11 December 1887/18901 - 24 June 1935 Medellín, Colombia) was perhaps the most prominent figure in the history of tango. ... Leonel Edmundo Rivero (June 8, 1911 – January 18, 1986) was an Argentine tango singer and impresario. ...


Notable residents

Renowned Argentine conductor Daniel Barenboim rehearsing West-East Divan in Pilas, Seville, Spain
Renowned Argentine conductor Daniel Barenboim rehearsing West-East Divan in Pilas, Seville, Spain
Vintage advertising poster by Lucien-Achille Mauzan.
Vintage advertising poster by Lucien-Achille Mauzan.

Buenos Aires was home to the Argentine writers: Image File history File linksMetadata Daniel_Barenboim. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Daniel_Barenboim. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (864 × 1296 pixel, file size: 731 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lucien-Achille Mauzan – 1929 – Buenos Aires – Affiche Geniol coupe la douleur This image is of a poster, and the copyright for it is most likely owned... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (864 × 1296 pixel, file size: 731 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lucien-Achille Mauzan – 1929 – Buenos Aires – Affiche Geniol coupe la douleur This image is of a poster, and the copyright for it is most likely owned... Placard redirects here: this should not be confused with Plaque or Plack Poster from the Spanish Revolution A poster is any large piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface. ... Poster by Lucien-Achille Mauzan. ...

International figures who have lived in Buenos Aires include: Roberto Arlt (1900-1942) was an Argentinian short-story writer, novelist and playwright. ... Leopoldo Lugones (13 June 1874 - 1938) was an Argentine writer and journalist. ... Borges redirects here. ... Andrés Rivera, a pseudonym of Marcos Ribak, is an Argentine writer born in Buenos Aires in 1928. ... Paul Groussac as a young man Paul-François Groussac (February 15, 1848 - June 27, 1929) was a French-born Argentine writer, literary critic, historian, and librarian. ... Manuel Mujica Laínez, Argentine fiction writer and art critic, was born in Buenos Aires on 11 September 1910 and died at Cruz Chica, Córdoba Province on 21 April 1984. ... Adolfo Bioy Casares (September 15, 1914 - March 18, 1999) was an Argentine fiction writer. ... Ernesto Sábato (born June 24, 1911) is an Argentine writer of Italian and Arbëreshë (Italian Albanian) descent. ... Leopoldo Marechal was an Argentine poet, novelist, and critic, best known for his philosophically-oriented novels. ... Tomás Eloy Martínez (born July 16, 1934 in Tucumán) is an Argentine journalist and writer. ... Victoria Ocampo (April 7, 1890? - January 27, 1979) was an Argentine intellectual, described by Jorge Luis Borges as la mujer más argentina (the most Argentine woman). Best known as an advocate for others and as publisher of the magazine Sur, she was also a writer and critic in her... Julio Cortázar (August 26, 1914 – February 12, 1984) was a Belgian-born Argentine intellectual and author of experimental novels and short stories. ...

Others include businesspeople John S. Reed, Aristotle Onassis and advertising greats Gino Boccasile and Lucien-Achille Mauzan, who was considered to be Argentina's “father of the advertising poster”. During the Spanish Civil War and its aftermath, Buenos Aires provided refuge for many expatriate Spaniards, including philosopher José Ortega y Gasset and composer Manuel de Falla, who later moved to Córdoba. Luca Prodan arrived from England in the 1980s and became an icon of Argentine rock. René Goscinny (August 14, 1926 – November 5, 1977) was a French author, editor and humorist, who is best known for the comic book Astérix, which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and for his work on the early issues of the comic book series Lucky Luke with Morris. ... Marcel Duchamp (pronounced ) (July 28, 1887 – October 2, 1968) was a French artist (he became an American citizen in 1955) whose work and ideas had considerable influence on the development of post-World War II Western art, and whose advice to modern art collectors helped shape the tastes of the... Witold Marian Gombrowicz (August 4, 1904 in MaÅ‚oszyce, near Kielce, Congress Poland, Russian Empire – July 24, 1969 in Vence, near Nice, France) was a Polish novelist and dramatist. ... Pablo Neruda (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973) was the penname and, later, legal name of the Chilean writer and communist politician Ricardo Eliecer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto. ... A framed picture of Rubén Darío hanging in the National Theater. ... Rosa Chacel (June 3, 1898 - August 7, 1994) was a famous and sometimes controversial writer from Spain. ... Antoine de Saint-Exupéry[1] (pronounced ) (June 29, 1900 – presumably July 31, 1944) was a French writer and aviator. ... Hugo Eugenio Pratt (June 15, 1927 – August 20, 1995) was an Italian comic book creator who combined his strong storytelling talent with extensive historical research on Corto Maltese and his other series. ... Eugene ONeill Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel and Pulitzer Prize winning American playwright. ... Viggo Peter Mortensen, Jr. ... José Ortega y Gasset (May 9, 1883 - October 18, 1955) was a Spanish philosopher. ... Guy Williams (born Armando Joseph Catalano) (January 14, 1924 - May 7, 1989) was an American actor and former male fashion model, who played swashbuckling action heroes in the 1950s and 1960s, but never quite achieved movie star status[1], despite his appearance (including hazel eyes, 63 height, and 190... Robert Selden Duvall (born January 5, 1931) is an Academy Award-, two-time Emmy Award-, and four-time Golden Globe Award-winning American film actor and director. ... John Shepard Reed is the Chairman of the New York Stock Exchange. ... Aristotelis Sokratis (also Ari) Onassis (in Greek, Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης) (January 20, 1900 – March 15, 1975) was the most famous shipping magnate of the 20th century. ... Poster by Gino Boccasile – (1950) Gino Boccasile (14 July 1901 - 10 May 1952) was an Italian illustrator. ... Poster by Lucien-Achille Mauzan. ... Placard redirects here: this should not be confused with Plaque or Plack Poster from the Spanish Revolution A poster is any large piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... José Ortega y Gasset (May 9, 1883 - October 18, 1955) was a Spanish philosopher. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ... Córdoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas mountains on the Suquía River, about 700 km west-northwest from Buenos Aires. ... Luca Prodan ( Roma17 May 1953 — -Buenos Aires 22 December 1987) was an Italian- Argentine musician. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Musicians Daniel Barenboim, Alberto Ginastera, Gustavo Santaolalla and Martha Argerich among others, are Buenos Aires natives. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Alberto Evaristo Ginastera (Buenos Aires, April 11, 1916 – June 25, 1983 Geneva) was an Argentinian composer of classical music. ... Gustavo A. Santaolalla (b. ... Martha Argerich in 1962 Martha Argerich (born June 5, 1941) is a concert pianist of Argentine origin. ...


Fiction author W.E.B. Griffin spends half the year at his wife's family home in Buenos Aires and the other half in his native US. W.E.B. Griffin (born William Edmund Butterworth III on November 10, 1929) is a writer of military and detective fiction with some thirty novels in five series published under that name. ...


Education

See also: Education in Argentina

Education in Argentina has a convoluted history. ...

Primary education

Primary education comprises the first two EGB cycles (grades 1–6). Because of the system that was in place until 1995 (7 years of primary school plus 5 or 6 of secondary school), primary schools used to offer grades 1–7. Although most schools have already converted to teach the 8th and 9th grades, others chose to eliminate 7th grade altogether, forcing the students to complete the 3rd cycle in another institution. Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Secondary education

The ubiquitous white uniform of children at public schools is a national symbol of learning.
The ubiquitous white uniform of children at public schools is a national symbol of learning.

Secondary education in Argentina is called Polimodal ("polymodal", that is, having multiple modes), since it allows the student to choose his/her orientation. Polimodal is not yet obligatory but its completion is a requirement to enter colleges across the nation. Polimodal is usually 3 years of schooling, although some schools have a fourth year. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1244x818, 119 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Argentina Demographics of Argentina ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1244x818, 119 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Argentina Demographics of Argentina ...


Conversely to what happened on primary schools, most secondary schools in Argentina contained grades 8th and 9th, plus Polimodal (old secondary) but then started converting to accept also 7th grade students, thus allowing them to keep their same classmates for the whole EGB III cycle.


In December 2006 the Chamber of Deputies of the Argentine Congress approved a new National Education Law restoring the old system of primary followed by secondary education, making secondary education obligatory and a right, and increasing the length of compulsory education to 13 years. The government vowed to put the law in effect gradually, starting in 2007. [27] The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentinas parliament. ... The Congress of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. ...


College education

There are many public, taxpayer-funded universities in Argentina, as well as a number of private universities. See University reform in Argentina and List of Argentine universities. The Argentine university reform of 1918 was a general modernisation of the universities, especially tending towards democratisation, brought about by student activism. ... This is a list of public and private universities in Argentina, grouped by region and/or province. ...


The University of Buenos Aires, one of the top learning institutions in South America, has produced five Nobel Prize winners and provides taxpayer-funded education for students from all around the globe. The Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) is the largest university in Argentina, founded on August 12, 1821 in the city of Buenos Aires. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ...


Buenos Aires is a major center for psychoanalysis, particularly the Lacanian school. Today psychoanalysis comprises several interlocking theories concerning the functioning of the mind. ... Cover of Elisabeth Roudinescos biography of Lacan Jacques-Marie-Émile Lacan (April 13, 1901 – September 9, 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist. ...


Tourism

Bohemian-chic San Telmo.
Bohemian-chic San Telmo.

According to the World Travel & Tourism Council,[28] tourism has been growing in the Argentine capital since 2002. In a survey by the travel and tourism publication Travel + Leisure Magazine in 2007, travelers voted Buenos Aires the second most desirable city to visit after Florence, Italy.[29] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1494x1419, 439 KB) Taken by self. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1494x1419, 439 KB) Taken by self. ... Night shot of the Colon Theatre in Buenos Aires, Argentina The most popular tourist sites are found in the historic city core, comprising Monserrat and San Telmo. ... Travel + Leisure is an American magazine initially published in 1971 as a spin-off of Playboy, and is now a subsidiary of American Express. ...


The city offers a variety of cultural activities. Visitors may choose to visit a tango show, an estancia in the Province of Buenos Aires, or enjoy the traditional asado. New tourist circuits have recently evolved, devoted to famous Argentines such as Carlos Gardel, Eva Perón or Jorge Luis Borges. Due to the favourable exchange rate, its shopping centres such as Alto Palermo, Paseo Alcorta, Patio Bullrich, Abasto de Buenos Aires and Galerías Pacífico are frequently visited by tourists. Estancia is a 4th class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. ... Categories: Argentine provinces | Buenos Aires province | Argentina geography stubs ... Asado is cuts of meat, usually beef, which are cooked on a grill (parrilla) or open fire. ... Carlos Gardel (1933) Carlos Gardel (11 December 1887/18901 - 24 June 1935 Medellín, Colombia) was perhaps the most prominent figure in the history of tango. ... For other uses, see Evita. ... Borges redirects here. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... Frescos in the cupola of Galerías Pacífico. ...


San Telmo is a frequently visited area south of city, with its cobblestoned streets and buildings from the colonial era that attest to its long history. There are churches, museums, antique shops and "Antique Fairs" ('Ferias de Antigüedades') in historic Dorrego Square, where the streets on weekends are filled with performers such as tango dancers. The city also plays host to musical festivals, the largest of which is Quilmes Rock. Street performers in San Telmo San Telmo in the map of Buenos Aires San Telmo (St Pedro González Telmo) is one of the oldest barrios (neighborhoods) of Buenos Aires, Argentina and also one of the best preserved areas of that constantly changing Argentine metropolis, with a number of colonial... A cobblestone-covered street Cobblestones are stones used in the pavement of early streets. ... Antiques Fair in Plaza Dorrego Plaza Dorrego (Spanish: Dorrego Square) is a square located in the heart of San Telmo, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... A couple dances Argentine Tango. ... Quilmes Rock is a major Argentine music festival, held annually from 2002 to 2004, and from 2007 on. ...


Landmarks

The Obelisk.
The Obelisk.
Coffee shops on Avenida de Mayo.
Coffee shops on Avenida de Mayo.
  • The Obelisk (Is one of the main icons of the city, and a venue for various cultural activities and other events)
  • Casa Rosada (Is the official seat of the executive branch of the government of Argentina)
  • Avenida Corrientes (Is one of the principal thoroughfares of the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires. The street is intimately tied to the Tango and Porteño culture.)
  • Cabildo (Is the public building in Buenos Aires that was used as the government house during the colonial times)
  • Florida Street (Is an elegant street at Buenos Aires city centre,)
  • Nueve de Julio Avenue (Its name honors Argentina's Independence Day. It was the widest avenue in the world)
  • Metropolitan Cathedral (It is the mother church of the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires)
  • Teatro Colón (Opened in 1908 it is one of the world's major opera houses)
  • Plaza de Mayo (Is the main square in Buenos Aires, site of many protests and historical events)
  • San Telmo (Is one of the oldest neighborhoods of Buenos Aires and also one of the best preserved areas and is characterized with a number of European style buildings)
  • Avenida de Mayo (The avenue is often compared with those of Madrid, Barcelona and Paris due of its sophisticated buildings of art Nouveau, neoclassic and eclectic styles)
  • National Library (is the largest library in Argentina and one of the most important in the Americas)
  • La Boca (It retains a strong European flavour, with many of its early European settlers being from Italy and Spain)
  • Caminito
  • Cementerio de la Recoleta (The Cemetery includes graves of some of the most influential and important persons of Argentina, including several presidents, scientists, and wealthy characters)
  • National Congress (Argentine Parliament)

The Obelisk of Buenos Aires (Spanish: Obelisco de Buenos Aires) is a modern monument placed at the heart of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The Casa Rosada La Casa Rosada (Spanish for the Pink House), officially known as the Casa de Gobierno (Government House), is the official seat of the executive branch of the government of Argentina. ... Sign above 348 Corrientes Avenue Corrientes Avenue (Avenida Corrientes in Spanish) is one of the principal thoroughfares of the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires. ... Buenos Aires Cabildo The Buenos Aires Cabildo (Spanish:Cabildo de Buenos Aires) was the public building in Buenos Aires that was used as government house during the colonial times of the Viceroyalty of the River Plate, and currently operates as a museum. ... Florida is a pedestrian street in downtown Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Exterior of the Cathedral. ... Night shot of the Colon Theatre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Overview of Plaza de Mayo The Plaza de Mayo (Spanish: May Square) is the main square in downtown Buenos Aires, Argentina; it is flanked by Hipólito Yrigoyen, Balcarce, Rivadavia and Bolívar streets. ... Street performers in San Telmo San Telmo in the map of Buenos Aires San Telmo (St Pedro González Telmo) is one of the oldest barrios (neighborhoods) of Buenos Aires, Argentina and also one of the best preserved areas of that constantly changing Argentine metropolis, with a number of colonial... The Palacio Barolo on Avenida de Mayo was at one time the tallest building in the city Avenida de Mayo (Spanish: May Avenue), is located in Buenos Aires, capital of Argentina. ... La Boca is a neighborhood, or barrio of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires. ... La Recoleta Cemetery is a famous cemetery located in the Recoleta district of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The National Congress ( Spanish: Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. ...

Transportation

Street network

Motorway in Buenos Aires
Taxi in Buenos Aires
Taxi in Buenos Aires
Bus Line 114
Bus Line 114

Buenos Aires is based on a rectangular grid pattern, save for natural barriers or the relatively rare developments explicitly designed otherwise (notably, the neighbourhood of Parque Chas). The rectangular grid provides for square blocks named manzanas, with a length of roughly 110 meters. Pedestrian zones in the city centre are partially car-free and always bustling, access provided by bus and the Metro (subte) Line C. Buenos Aires, for the most part, is a very walkable city and the majority of residents in Buenos Aires use public transport. A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... Parque Chas is the last barrio created in Buenos Aires, given that it took form on December 6, [2005]], through 1907/06 law. ... For other uses, see Square. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... It has been suggested that Pedestrian street be merged into this article or section. ... Línea C Opened on 9 November 1934, 4. ... Mass transit redirects here. ...


Two diagonal avenues in the city centre alleviate traffic and provide better access to Plaza de Mayo. Most avenues running into and out of the city centre are one-way and feature six or more lanes, with computer-controlled green waves that ensure fast traffic outside of peak times. An avenue can mean any of the following: Most commonly, it refers to two parallel lines of trees specially planted as a landscape feature. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Overview of Plaza de Mayo The Plaza de Mayo (Spanish: May Square) is the main square in downtown Buenos Aires, Argentina; it is flanked by Hipólito Yrigoyen, Balcarce, Rivadavia and Bolívar streets. ... The Green Wave is the name of several sports teams; most prominently those of Tulane University. ...


Main avenues of the city include the 140-metre (459 ft)-wide 9 de Julio Avenue, the over-35 km (22 mi)-long Rivadavia Avenue,[30] and Corrientes Avenue, the main thoroughfare of culture and entertainment. View looking south. ... The Corrientes Avenue (also called “street”) in Buenos Aires, the city capital of Argentina, is where the Tango was created, in famous cafes and bars where the orchestras and singers acted in its pinnacle, in the decades of the 40s and 50s. ...


In the 1940s and 1950s, the Avenida General Paz beltway that surrounds the city along its border with Buenos Aires Province and freeways leading to the new international airport and to the northern suburbs heralded a new era in Buenos Aires traffic. Encouraged by pro-automaker policies pursued towards the end of Pres. Peron's term (1955) and during Pres. Arturo Frondizi's term (1958-62) in particular, auto sales nationally leapt from an average of 30,000 during the 1920s through the '50s to about 250,000 in the 1970s and over 560,000 in 2007[31] and today, 1.7 million vehicles (nearly one-fifth of Argentina's total) are registered in Buenos Aires.[32] Gral. ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... Ministro Pistarini International Airport (IATA: EZE, ICAO: SAEZ) serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and is the countrys largest international airport. ... Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer and the President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Arturo Frondizi Ercoli (October 28, 1908 - April 18, 1995) was the President of Argentina between 1 May 1958 and 29 March 1962 for the Intransigent Radical Civic Union. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Toll motorways opened in the late 1970s by then-mayor Osvaldo Cacciatore provided fast access to the city centre and are today used by over a million vehicles, daily.[33] Cacciatore likewise had financial district streets (roughly one square kilometre in area) closed to private cars during daytime. Most major avenues are, however, gridlocked at peak hours. Following the economic mini-boom of the 1990s, record numbers started commuting by car and congestion increased, as did the time-honored Argentine custom of taking weekends off in the countryside. Motorway symbol in UK, Australia, Spain, France and Ireland. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979; it is commonly called The Seventies. ... Gridlock is a term describing an inability to move on a transport network. ... Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. ... Commuters on the New York City Subway during rush hour Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line Traffic jam Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ... The culture of Argentina is as varied as the countrys geography and mix of ethnic groups. ...


Buses

There are over 150 city bus lines called Colectivos, their frequency makes them equal to the underground systems of other cities, but on wheels, however, buses cover a far wider area than the underground system. Colectivos in Buenos Aires do not have a fixed timetable; but, they run from four to several per hour, depending on the bus line and time of the day. With very cheap tickets and extensive routes, usually no further than four blocks from commuters' residences, the colectivo is by far the preferred mode of transport around the city. Bus line operators must comply with city regulations on security and pollution control. Traditional (Truck-Bus) colectivo Colectivo is the name given in Argentina to public transportation vehicles, especially those of Argentinas capital city, Buenos Aires. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... For other uses, see Security (disambiguation). ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ...


Taxi

A fleet of 40,000 black-and-yellow taxis ply the streets at all hours. License controls are not enforced rigorously. There have been numerous reports of organized crime controlling the access of taxis to the city airports and other major destinations [34]. Radio-link companies provide reliable and safe service; many such companies provide incentives for frequent users. Low-fare limo services, known as remises, have become popular in recent years. Mike Skinner aka The Streets (born 27 November 1978) is a chav, a rapper and musician from Birmingham, England. ...


Metro

Main article: Buenos Aires Metro
Metro entrance on Avenida de Mayo
The Line D runs from the city centre district to the northern neighborhoods of Palermo and Belgrano
The Line D runs from the city centre district to the northern neighborhoods of Palermo and Belgrano

The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as subte, from "subterráneo" meaning underground or metro) is a high yield system providing access to various parts of the city. Opened in 1913, it is the oldest underground system in the Southern Hemisphere and in the Spanish-speaking world. The system has six lines, named by letters (A to E, and H) There are 74 stations, and 52.3 km (32 mi) of track. An expansion program is underway to extend existing lines into the outer neighborhoods and add a new north-south line. Track length is expected to reach 89 km (55 mi) by the year 2011. Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Image File history File links Commons tag please. ... Image File history File links Commons tag please. ... Palermo is a neighborhood, or barrio of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires. ... // Location Belgrano is a leafy, northern barrio or neighborhood of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... For other uses, see System (disambiguation). ... Look up line in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Recently inaugurated underground station
Recently inaugurated underground station
Callao Station on Line B
Callao Station on Line B

Daily ridership is 1.3 million and on the increase. Fares are cheap and are in fact cheaper than the city buses. While tokens have been used in the past, at present, riders purchase either single-use or multi-use cards (called SubtePass) with a magnetic strip or use Contactless cards called SubteCard which can be rechargeable with cash or linked to a bank account for automatic debit. Fares (Dhivehi: ފަރެސް) is one of the inhabited islands of Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll. ... Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a method of remotely storing and retrieving data using devices called RFID tags. ...


The Buenos Aires Metro has six lines which also has links to the metropolitan train network.

  • Line A - Light Blue: Subte Line A is the oldest line of the Buenos Aires Metro. This historical line runs from Plaza de Mayo to Primera Junta, and is scheduled to be extended towards Nazca St.
  • Line B - Red: Line B of the Buenos Aires Metro runs from Leandro N. Alem Station to Los Incas (projected to Villa Urquiza).
  • Line C - Blue: The Line C of the Buenos Aires Metro runs from Retiro to Constitución terminus, opened on 9 November 1934, 4.4 km.
  • Line D - Green: Subte Line D of the Buenos Aires Metro runs from Catedral to Congreso de Tucumán. The D Line opened on 3 June 1937 and has been expanded to the north several times. The line is currently 10.41 km long and runs approximately parallel to the Buenos Aires coastline.
  • Line E - Purple: Subte Line E runs from Bolivar Station to Plaza de los Virreyes, opened on 20 June 1944, currently with 9.2 km.
  • Line H - Yellow: Line H runs from Once terminus to Caseros. It is also planned to run from Retiro to Nueva Pompeya once the remaining sections are constructed.

Línea A Opened to the public on 14 December 1913, 7. ... Línea B Opened on 17 October 1930, 8. ... Línea C Opened on 9 November 1934, 4. ... Facultad de Medicina station Línea D Opened on 3 June 1937, 10. ... Línea E Opened on 20 June 1944, 9. ... Línea H (Line H) (under construction) The Línea H will join the southern part of the city with the northern, thus improving the flow to the centre of the city. ...

Current Extensions

Current Underground System map
Current Underground System map
Tram in Puerto Madero
Tram in Puerto Madero

At Line A four new stations after Primera Junta are under construction, being Nazca the new future terminal while newer metro carriages are slowly being introduced to handle the increased demand. On Line B Since 2004, work began to expand the line to Villa Ortúzar and Villa Urquiza[35]. On Line H further extensions are planned to run from Retiro to Nueva Pompeya once constructed. It will connect the Southern part of the city with the North, thus improving the flow to the centre of the city, and will be approximately 11 km long from end to end. The Line H will provide cross-connections with almost all the other lines. Villa Ortúzar is one of the neighbourhoods of Buenos Aires. ... Villa Urquiza is a barrio or neighborhood of Buenos Aires city, capital of Argentina. ... Retiro is a barrio or district in north-eastern Buenos Aires, Argentina, famous for its high-society inhabitants, the Santa Fe avenue shopping district, San Martín square, and the Retiro transportation hub, which features train, subway (Line C), and the main bus terminal, always teeming with commuters in weekdays. ...


New Metro lines

New underground lines are planned and were presented by the Government of the City of Buenos Aires on May 26 of 2007. There are currently three lines planned:


The Line F will join Constitution Station with Plaza Italia and will have an extension of 7,6 kilometres. It will be transverse-radial, according to the section, with strong integration with the rest of the network.


The Line G will connect the Retiro Station with the Cid Campeador and will have an extension of 7,6 kilometres. It will be radial to communicate the axes of high residential and commerce density, and will bring the underground to the northwest district of the city. El Cid (1045?–July 1099), also called El Cid Campeador, is the name commonly used for the important Castilian knight and hero, Rodrigo (or Ruy) Díaz de Vivar, who was born in Bivar (Vivar), Burgos, Castile, and died in Valencia. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ...


The Line I will run from Emilio Mitre Line A Station up to Plaza Italia and will have an extension of 7,3 kilometres. It will be the most external transverse line of the network and will communicate the neighborhoods of the north, center and south of the city and will integrate to the radial lines far from the city centre. The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...

Premetro E2 map

Tram system

Buenos Aires had an extensive street railway (tram) system with over 857 km (535 mi) of track, which was dismantled during the 1960s in favor of bus transportation and is now in the stages of a slow comeback. The PreMetro or Line E2 is a 7.4 km light rail line that connects with the Buenos Aires Metro Line E, at Plaza de los Virreyes station and runs to General Savio and Centro Cívico and is operated by Metrovías. The official inauguration took place on 27 August 1987. The cost of building and fitting out the line was also impressive, amounting to a mere USD 5.4 million. An additional USD 4.6 million was allocated to the acquisition of a fleet of 25 light rail vehicles. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Vintage subway entrance on original Line A on Avenida de Mayo The Buenos Aires Metro (locally known as Subte, from subterráneo, Spanish for underground) is a mass-transit network that serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Image:Metrovias-logo. ...


Tren de la Costa is a 15.5 km-long (9.7 miles) 11-station light rail line inaugurated in 1996 in Greater Buenos Aires, between Maipú Avenue station in the northern suburb of Olivos and Delta station in Tigre partido, on the Río de la Plata. Tren de la Costa is served by nine trains, each of two cars. Each train has a capacity of 200 passengers and travels at an average speed of 35 km/h. The journey time is 30 minutes, with a frequency of about 15 minutes. A new 2 km (1,25 miles) tramway (LRT), Tranvía del Este runs across the Puerto Madero district. Extensions planned will link the Retiro and La Boca terminal train stations. Other routes are being studied. A Heritage streetcar maintained by tram fans operates on weekends, near the Primera Junta line A metro station in the Caballito neighbourhood. The Tren de la Costa is a 15. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Gran Buenos Aires or Greater Buenos Aires is the metropolitan area next to the city of Buenos Aires and comprises the following 24 partidos (administrative subdivisions) of the Province of Buenos Aires. ... Olivos, Buenos Aires - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The train station at Tigre One of the many passenger boats that travel the delta View of the riverbank from a boat Tigre is a city Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, situated in the north of Greater Buenos Aires, 28 km north of Buenos Aires city. ... A partido is a subdivision of the Buenos Aires Province. ... This page is about the South American estuary. ... Tranvía del Este is a public tram line currently in development in the Puerto Madero neighborhood of Buenos Aires. ... Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires Womens Bridge in Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires Hilton Hotel and River View towers in Puerto Madero Puerto Madero is a neighborhood, or barrio, of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires, which occupies a significant portion of the Río de la Plata riverbank. ... Estación Retiro (Spanish for Retiro Station) is a large train station in central Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... La Boca is a neighborhood, or barrio of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires. ... A scene on a heritage railway. ... Caballito is a barrio (neighborhood) of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires. ...


Railways

Retiro Rail Terminal
Retiro Rail Terminal
Suburban train on Tigre Station
Suburban train on Tigre Station
Ferry crossing the river Rio de la Plata.
Ministro Pistarini International Airport, more commonly referred as Ezeiza International Airport.
Ministro Pistarini International Airport, more commonly referred as Ezeiza International Airport.

Every day more than 1.3 million people commute to the Argentine capital for work and other business. These suburban trains operate between 4 AM and 1 AM. The Buenos Aires Railway system also connects the city with long distance rail to Rosario and Córdoba among other metropolitan areas. The three principal stations for both long-distance and local passenger services are located in Buenos Aires city centre Plaza Constitucion, Retiro and Once de Septiembre. Ministro Pistarini International Airport (IATA: EZE, ICAO: SAEZ) serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and is the countrys largest international airport. ... Commuters on the New York City Subway during rush hour Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line Traffic jam Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ... Rosario is the largest city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. ... Córdoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas mountains on the Suquía River, about 700 km west-northwest from Buenos Aires. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Constitución is a train station in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Estación Retiro (Spanish for Retiro Station) is a large train station in central Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Estación Once (/onse/) is a large railway terminus in central Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


The Buenos Aires Railway system has seven lines:

  • Belgrano Norte Line
  • Belgrano Sur Line
  • Roca Line
  • San Martin Line
  • Sarmiento Line
  • Mitre Line
  • Línea Urquiza (Buenos Aires)

High speed rail

See Buenos Aires-Rosario-Córdoba high-speed railway for details. Retiro Station, Buenos Aires The Buenos Aires–Rosario–Córdoba high-speed railway is a project that will, according to its proponents, link the Argentine cities of Buenos Aires and Rosario through a high-speed rail, and Rosario to Córdoba through a fast conventional railway. ...


A new high-speed rail line between Buenos Aires, Rosario and Córdoba, with speeds up to 320 km/h is planned[36]. High speed train redirects here. ...


Ferry

Buenos Aires is also served by a ferry system operated by the company Buquebus that connects the port of Buenos Aires with the main cities of Uruguay, (Colonia del Sacramento, Montevideo and Punta del Este). More than 2,2 million people per year commute between Argentina and Uruguay with Buquebus[37] The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Colonia del Sacramento is a city in southwestern Uruguay, by the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... For other uses, see Montevideo (disambiguation). ... Department Maldonado Department Altitude 0m Coordinates 34º 58S 54º 57W Founded 1907 Population 8,252 (2004) Demonym Puntaesteño Phone Code +042 Postal Code 20100 Skyline of Punta del Este looking from Punta Ballena Image:Sunrise punta ballena 2006 january. ...


Airports

The Buenos Aires international airport, Ministro Pistarini International Airport, is located in the suburb of Ezeiza and is often called simply "Ezeiza". The Aeroparque Jorge Newbery airport, located in the Palermo district next to the riverbank, serves mostly domestic traffic and general aviation. Ministro Pistarini International Airport (IATA: EZE, ICAO: SAEZ) serves the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and is the countrys largest international airport. ... Aeroparque Jorge Newbery (IATA airport code: AEP) is the main airport for domestic flights in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... A general aviation scene at Kemble Airfield, England. ...


Sports

Football is a passion for Argentines. Buenos Aires has the highest concentration of football teams of any city in the world (featuring no less than 24 professional football teams),[38] with many of its teams playing in the major league. The best-known rivalry is the one between Boca Juniors and River Plate; a match between these two teams was named as one of the "50 sporting things you must do before you die" by The Observer.[38] Other major clubs include San Lorenzo de Almagro, Vélez Sársfield, Argentinos Juniors and Huracán. Soccer redirects here. ... Club Atlético Boca Juniors is one of the most popular Argentine sports clubs, best known for its football team. ... For the club from Uruguay see Club Atlético River Plate (Uruguay), for the one from Paraguay see Club Atlético River Plate (Asunción) Club Atlético River Plate, known also as River Plate or simply River, is an Argentine sports club best known for its football team, established... San Lorenzo de Almagro is a football team based in the Boedo barrio (neighbourhood), Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Club Atlético Vélez Sársfield is an Argentine sports club best known for its football team, based in the Liniers neighborhood of western Buenos Aires. ... Argentinos Juniors is an Argentine football club, founded in La Paternal, Buenos Aires, on August 15, 1904. ... Club Atlético Huracán are a professional football (soccer) team from Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...

Luna Park Arena.
Luna Park Arena.
Club League Venue Established
River Plate (First Division) El Monumental 1901
Boca Juniors (First Division) Estadio Alberto J. Armando 1905
San Lorenzo de Almagro (First Division) Estadio Pedro Bidegain 1908

Diego Armando Maradona, born in Villa Fiorito, a villa miseria in the Lomas de Zamora Partido (then part of Lanús Partido) of Greater Buenos Aires, is widely hailed as one of the greatest football players of all time. Maradona started his career with Argentinos Juniors, later playing for Boca Juniors, the Argentina national football team and others (most notably FC Barcelona in Spain and SSC Napoli in Italy). Luna Park is an arena located on the corner of Corrientes and Leandro N. Alem Avenues, in east Buenos Aires city, near to Puerto Madero. ... For the club from Uruguay see Club Atlético River Plate (Uruguay), for the one from Paraguay see Club Atlético River Plate (Asunción) Club Atlético River Plate, known also as River Plate or simply River, is an Argentine sports club best known for its football team, established... The Estadio Monumental Antonio V. Liberti The Estadio Monumental Antonio V. Liberti, better known as El Monumental or River Plate Stadium, is a stadium in the Nuñez district of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Club Atlético Boca Juniors is one of the most popular Argentine sports clubs, best known for its football team. ... The Estadio Alberto J. Armando The Estadio Alberto J. Armando (formerly the Estadio Camilo Cichero) is a stadium located in the La Boca district of Buenos Aires. ... San Lorenzo de Almagro is a football team based in the Boedo barrio (neighbourhood), Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Estadio Pedro Bidegain, nicknamed El Nuevo Gasómetro, is San Lorenzos multi-use stadium in Buenos Aires, Argentina, located in the barrio of Flores. ... Maradona and the World Cup trophy Diego Armando Maradona (El Diego) (born October 30, 1960) is a former Argentine football player. ... Villa Fiorito is a village outside Buenos Aires in the Buenos Aires Province, hometown of famous soccer player Diego Maradona. ... Homes in a villa miseria in Rosario. ... Official name Partido de Lomas de Zamora Capital Lomas de Zamora Country Province Argentina Buenos Aires Foundation Founder July 10, 1861 Esteban Adrogué Population:    - Total 591,345  - Density 6,644. ... Lanús is a partido in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. ... Gran Buenos Aires or Greater Buenos Aires is the metropolitan area next to the city of Buenos Aires and comprises the following 24 partidos (administrative subdivisions) of the Province of Buenos Aires. ... Argentinos Juniors is an Argentine football club, founded in La Paternal, Buenos Aires, on August 15, 1904. ... Club Atlético Boca Juniors is one of the most popular Argentine sports clubs, best known for its football team. ... First international Uruguay 2 - 3 Argentina (Montevideo, Uruguay; 16 May 1901) Biggest win Argentina 12 - 0 Ecuador (Montevideo, Uruguay; 22 January 1942) Biggest defeat Czechoslovakia 6 - 1 Argentina (Helsingborg, Sweden; 15 June 1958) Uruguay 5 - 0 Argentina (Guayaquil, Ecuador; 16 December 1959) Argentina 0 - 5 Colombia (Buenos Aires, Argentina; 5... Futbol Club Barcelona (Spanish IPA: , Catalan IPA: ), known familiarly as Barça (Spanish IPA: , Catalan IPA: ), is a sports club based in Barcelona, Spain. ... SSC Napoli was an Italian football club based in Naples. ...


Buenos Aires has been a candidate city for the Summer Olympic Games on three occasions: for the 1956 Games, which were lost by a single vote to Melbourne; for the 1968 Summer Olympics, held in Mexico City; and in 2004, when the games were awarded to Athens. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were held in 1956 in Melbourne, Australia, although the equestrian events could not be held in Australia due to quarantine regulations. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were held in Mexico City in 1968. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ...

Skyline of one side of the Palermo neighbourhood
Skyline of one side of the Palermo neighbourhood

However, Buenos Aires hosted the 1951 Pan American Games - the first,[25] and was also host city to several World Championship events: the 1950 and 1990 Basketball World Championships, the 1982 and 2002 Men's Volleyball World Championships and, most remembered, the 1978 FIFA World Cup, won by Argentina on June 25, 1978 when it defeated the Netherlands by 3–1. The Pan American Games originated in 1932. ... The 1954 FIBA World Championship (also called the 1st World Basketball Championship - 1950) was an international basketball tournament held by the International Basketball Federation in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from October 22 to November 3. ... The 1990 FIBA World Championship was an international basketball competition hosted by Argentina from August 8 to August 20, 1990. ... The FIBA World Championship (also called the Basketball World Championship) is a world basketball tournament for mens national teams held quadrennially by the International Basketball Federation (FIBA). ... 2006 Logo The Volleyball World Championship is a mens and womens volleyball competition. ... The 1978 FIFA World Cup, the 11th staging of the World Cup, was held in Argentina between June 1 and June 25. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


Juan Manuel Fangio won 5 Formula One World Driver's Championships, and was only matched by Schumacher, with 6 Championships right before retiring. The Buenos Aires Oscar Gálvez car-racing track hosted 20 editions of the Formula One Argentine Grand Prix between 1953 and 1998; its discontinuation was due to financial reasons. The track features local categories on most weekends. Juan Manuel Fangio (June 24, 1911 - July 17, 1995) was a noted Argentinian racing car driver and winner of the Formula One championship five times, including four in a row from 1954-57. ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... The Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvez is a mtor racing circuit in Buenos Aires, Argentina built in 1952 under president Juan Perón, named Autódromo 17 de Octubre until Peróns overthrow, as 17 October was a date of great significance to his political party. ... F1 redirects here. ... The Argentine Grand Prix was a round of the Formula One championship, held intermittently from 1953 to 1998. ...


Argentines' love for horses can be experienced in several ways: horse racing at the Hipódromo Argentino de Palermo racetrack, polo in the Campo Argentino de Polo (located just across Libertador Avenue from the Hipódromo), and pato, a kind of basketball played on horseback that was declared the national game in 1953. Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... Palermo is a neighborhood, or barrio of the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... For other uses, see Polo (disambiguation). ... The Campo Argentino del Polo, popularly known as the Cathedral of Polo, is a multi-use stadium in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Pato is a game played on horseback that combines elements from polo and basketball. ...


Buenos Aires native Guillermo Vilas (who was raised in Mar del Plata) was one of the great tennis players of the 1970s and 1980s,[25] and popularized tennis in all of Argentina. He won the ATP Buenos Aires numerous times in the 1970s. Guillermo Vilas (born August 17, 1952 in Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a former Argentine professional tennis player. ... Map of Mar del Plata and the surrounding region Panoramic view of Varese beach, Mar del Plata Mar del Plata is an Argentine city located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in the Buenos Aires Province, 400 km south of Buenos Aires. ... The ATP Buenos Aires (Spanish Abierto de Buenos Aires) is an annual tennis event for male tennis players held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


Other popular sports in Buenos Aires are golf, basketball, rugby, and field hockey. This article is about the game. ... This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ...

Panorama of Buenos Aires CBD, seen from Buenos Aires Ecological Reserve
Panorama of Buenos Aires CBD, seen from Buenos Aires Ecological Reserve

See also

Argentina portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... The following is a list of Mayors and Chiefs of Government of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentinas capital, since its federalisation. ... This is the list of city listings by country and territory: See also List of cities by latitude List of metropolitan areas by population List of national capitals List of capitals of subnational entities List of towns List of neighborhood listings by city External link Place Names of Europe Categories... This is a list of national capitals of the world, in alphabetical order. ... This is a list of twin towns and sister cities (see town twinning) in Argentina arranged by location. ... The Large Cities Climate Leadership Group is a group of cities committed to the reduction of urban carbon emissions and adapting to climate change. ... 27 metropolitan areas of at least 10 million people. ... This article is about megacities in general. ...

References

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Buenos Aires (city).
  1. ^ a b c Argentina: A Short History by Colin M. Lewis, Oneworld Publications, Oxford, 2002. ISBN 1-85168-300-3
  2. ^ Guía visual de Buenos Aires centro histórico, Clarín Viajes, 2001. ISBN -X
  3. ^ We are Millions: Neo-liberalism and new forms of political action in Argentina, Marcela Lópéz Levy, Latin America Bureau, London, 2004. ISBN -X
  4. ^ Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (October 1, 1996). Constitución de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (Spanish). Retrieved on 2007-12-13.
  5. ^ Senate of the Nation, accessed 2007-12-25
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Demographics of Buenos Aires
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ Buenos Aires Introduction
  10. ^ European Emigration to Argentina
  11. ^ Weiner, Rebecca. The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Argentina. Retrieved on 2008-01-09.
  12. ^ Government of Buenos Aires, accessed 2006-08-07.
  13. ^ 'Buenos Aires con quince comunas' by Pedro Lipcovich, Página/12, 2005-09-02
  14. ^ [3]SMN
  15. ^ Monthly Information of the city of Buenos Aires, July in the city of Buenos Aires, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentine National Meterological Service) (Spanish). Retrieved on 2008-01-23.
  16. ^ Monthly Information of the city of Buenos Aires, January in the city of Buenos Aires, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentine National Meterological Service) (Spanish). Retrieved on 2008-01-23.
  17. ^ Buenos Aires sees rare snowfall (English). Retrieved on 2008-01-24.
  18. ^ Buenos Aires gets first snow since 1918 (English). Retrieved on 2008-01-24.
  19. ^ (English) Weather Information for Buenos Aires. Retrieved on Dec 12, 2006.
  20. ^ [4]
  21. ^ [5]
  22. ^ [6]
  23. ^ 'Informe Argentino Sobre Desarrollo Humano'
  24. ^ 'Paris of the South' by Kenneth Bagnell, Canoe travel, 2005-03-07, accessed 2006-08-07.
  25. ^ a b c d Time Out Guide: Buenos Aires, Cathy Runciman & Leticia Saharrea (eds), Penguin Books, London, 2001. ISBN 0-14-029398-1
  26. ^ Lunfardo & Tango lyrics
  27. ^ Clarín article
  28. ^ www.wttc.travel Retrieved on 10 March 2008
  29. ^ Travel +Leisure Magazine worldsbest/2007 Retrieved on 10 March 2008
  30. ^ 'Avenida Rivadavia:Un largo recorrido de contrastes' by Nora Sánchez, Clarín, 2006-02-26
  31. ^ [7]
  32. ^ [8]
  33. ^ SS PP'!A1
  34. ^ La Nacion article
  35. ^ History: La Línea B (Spanish)
  36. ^ Argentina sets a new course. Railway Gazette International August 2007.
  37. ^ Buquebus
  38. ^ a b 50 sporting things you must do before you die, The Observer, 2004-04-04
  • Encyclopædia Britannica
  • Microsoft Encarta
  • General Information
  • (Spanish) Patricia Moglia, Fabián Sislián and Mónica Alabart, Pensar la historia Argentina desde una historia de América Latina, Buenos Aires:Plus Ultra

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Clarín is a major newspaper in Argentina, founded by Roberto Noble on August 28, 1945. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Página/12 is a left-wing newspaper based in Buenos Aires, Argentina founded in May 25, 1987 by journalist Jorge Lanata. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... CANOE (acronym for Canadian Online Explorer, commonly called Canoe. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Clarín is a major newspaper in Argentina, founded by Roberto Noble on August 28, 1945. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Buenos Aires (city) travel guide from Wikitravel
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Buenos Aires
Look up Porteño in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • (Spanish) Official government website
  • Official tourism website
  • (Spanish) Tourism Website of Buenos Aires
  • Buenos Aires Map

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ...

Newspapers

  • (English) The Nose
  • (English) The Argentimes
  • (English) Buenos Aires Herald
  • (Spanish) Clarín
  • (Spanish) La Nación
  • (Spanish) Página 12
  • (Spanish) Perfil
  • (Spanish) Infobae
  • (Spanish) Edición Nacional
  • (Spanish) La Prensa
  • (German) Argentinisches Tageblatt
  • (Italian) L'Eco d'Italia


Coordinates: 34°36′13″S, 58°22′54″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population (as of 2007). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... This article is about the city. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article is about the city. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Karachay-Cherkessia. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Motto: Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


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For all its diversity, the elusive spirit of Argentina as a country is present everywhere in Buenos Aires.
Hotels, Aparthotels in Buenos Aires, Lodging Reservation - Argentina Contact (124 words)
The city of Buenos Aires is considered one of the most important urban centers in South America.
Declared Federal Capital of the Republic of Argentina, Buenos Aires is the financial and economic center and main port of the country.
The capital, denominated Autonomous City of the Government of Buenos Aires, is surrounded by Buenos Aires and by the Rio de la Plata, and it is divided in 47 neighborhoods, denominated "barrios porteños".
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