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Encyclopedia > Buddy Rich
Buddy Rich

Background information
Birth name Bernard Rich
Also known as Traps the Drum Wonder
Born September 30, 1917(1917-09-30)
Origin Brooklyn, New York
Died April 2, 1987 (aged 69)
Genre(s) Jazz, Big band
Occupation(s) Musician, songwriter, bandleader
Instrument(s) Drums and percussion
Years active 19191987
Associated
acts
Joe Marsala
Bunny Berigan
Artie Shaw
Tommy Dorsey
Benny Carter
Harry James
Les Brown
Charlie Ventura
Jazz at the Philharmonic
Nat King Cole
Website http://www.buddyrich.com/

Bernard "Buddy" Rich (September 30, 1917 Brooklyn, New YorkApril 2, 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader. Rich was billed as "the world's greatest drummer"[1] and was known for his virtuoso technique, power, speed and ability to improvise. Image File history File links Buddy-Rich2. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... “NY” redirects here. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... A Chicago based musician who played the Clarinet. ... Bunny Berigan (November 2, 1908 – June 2, 1942) was an early, great jazz trumpeter. ... Artie Shaw (May 23, 1910, New York, New York – December 30, 2004, Thousand Oaks, California) is considered to be one of the best jazz musicians of his time jazz clarinetist, composer, bandleader; he is also the author of both fiction and non-fiction writings. ... Tommy Dorsey, in a publicity shot for The Big Apple Tommy Dorsey (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist and bandleader in the Big Band era. ... Bennett Lester Carter (August 8, 1907 – July 12, 2003) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, trumpeter, composer, arranger, and bandleader. ... Harry Haag James (March 15, 1916 – July 5, 1983) was a popular United States musician and band leader, and a well-known trumpet virtuoso. ... Les Brown, Sr. ... Charlie Ventura was an American band leader. ... Jazz at the Philharmonic (JATP) was the title of a series of concerts and recordings produced by Norman Granz. ... Nathaniel Adams Coles, known professionally as Nat King Cole (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965) was a popular American singer, songwriter, and jazz pianist. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... “NY” redirects here. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A drummer in Action A drummer is a person who plays the drums, particularly the drum kit, marching percussion, or hand drums. ... A bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ...

Contents

Early life

Rich was born to parents who were vaudevillians. His talent for rhythm was first noted by his father, who saw that Buddy could keep a steady beat with spoons at the age of one. He began playing drums in vaudeville when he was 18 months old, billed as "Traps the Drum Wonder". At the peak of Rich's childhood career, he was reportedly the second-highest paid child entertainer in the world (after Jackie Coogan). At 11 he was performing as a bandleader. He received no formal drum instruction, and went so far as to claim that instruction would only degrade his musical talent. He also never admitted to practicing, claiming to play the drums only during performances. He expressed great admiration for, and was influenced by, the playing of Chick Webb, Gene Krupa, Dave Tough, and Jo Jones, among others. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John Leslie (Jackie) Coogan (October 26, 1914 – March 1, 1984) was an American actor who began his movie career as a child actor in silent films. ... William Henry Webb, usually known as Chick Webb (February 10, 1909–June 16, 1939) was a jazz and swing music drummer as well as a band leader. ... Gene Krupa Gene Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was a famous and influential American jazz and big band drummer, known for his highly energetic and flamboyant style. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Davie Tough. ... Jo Jones (October 11, 1911–September 3, 1985) (later known as Papa Jo Jones) was an American drummer, one of the most influential in the history of jazz. ...


He first played jazz in 1937 with Joe Marsala's group, then played with Bunny Berigan (1938) and Artie Shaw (1939). In 1939, Rich taught drums to the young Mel Brooks, and persuaded Artie Shaw to allow a 13-year-old Brooks to attend Shaw's recording sessions in Manhattan. A Chicago based musician who played the Clarinet. ... Bunny Berigan (November 2, 1908 – June 2, 1942) was an early, great jazz trumpeter. ... Artie Shaw (May 23, 1910, New York, New York – December 30, 2004, Thousand Oaks, California) is considered to be one of the best jazz musicians of his time jazz clarinetist, composer, bandleader; he is also the author of both fiction and non-fiction writings. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


In addition to Tommy Dorsey (1939–1942, 1945, 1954–1955), Rich also played with Benny Carter (1942), Harry James (1953-1956–1962, 1964, 1965), Les Brown, Charlie Ventura, and Jazz at the Philharmonic, as well as leading his own band and performing with all-star groups. Tommy Dorsey, in a publicity shot for The Big Apple Tommy Dorsey (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist and bandleader in the Big Band era. ... Bennett Lester Carter (August 8, 1907 – July 12, 2003) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, trumpeter, composer, arranger, and bandleader. ... Harry Haag James (March 15, 1916 – July 5, 1983) was a popular United States musician and band leader, and a well-known trumpet virtuoso. ... Les Brown, Sr. ... Charlie Ventura was an American band leader. ... Jazz at the Philharmonic (JATP) was the title of a series of concerts and recordings produced by Norman Granz. ...


Big Band success and later life

For most of the period from 1966 until his death, he led a successful big band in an era when the popularity of big bands had waned from their 1930s and 40s peak. A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In October 1944, he met Frank Sinatra at the Paramount Theater and mentioned to Sinatra that he was interested in starting his own band. Sinatra took out his checkbook and wrote him a check for $40,000 and said "Good Luck. This'll get you started."[citation needed] “Sinatra” redirects here. ... Paramount Theater or Paramount Theatre may refer to: Paramount Theater in Oakland, California Paramount Theatre in Austin, Texas Paramount Theatre in Anderson, Indiana Paramount Theater in New York City Paramount Theater in Charlottesville, Virginia This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


His most popular performance was a big band arrangement of a medley derived from the Leonard Bernstein classic West Side Story. In the early 1970s he commented[citation needed] upon how odious he found the emerging American boy band, The Osmonds, especially Donny Osmond. Later, he sometimes wore a Donny Osmond badge on his lapel while performing. One of his most seen television performances was in a 1981 episode [1] of The Muppet Show, where he engaged Muppet drummer "Animal" in a drum battle. Beginning in 1962, he was also a frequent guest on Johnny Carson's Tonight Show. It has been reported[citation needed] that Rich gave Carson a drumset sponsored by Matthew Scott Herning Co, as Carson was a practicing drummer in his spare time. For The Games song, see Westside Story (song). ... The Osmonds are an American family pop group who achieved enormous worldwide success as teenybopper idols in the 1970s. ... Donald Clark Donny Osmond (born December 9, 1957) is an American Welsh entertainer. ... The Muppet Show is a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand operated puppets, typically with huge eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ... The Electric Mayhem is the name of a Muppet rock band that appeared on The Muppet Show. ... For other persons named John Carson, see John Carson (disambiguation). ... The First Lady of the United States, Laura Bush and current host Jay Leno. ...


Drumming technique

Rich's drumming technique has been one of the most standardized and coveted techniques in the drumming field. His dexterity, speed and smooth execution have been considered "Holy Grails" among drummers. Using the old style traditional grip, he is one of few drummers to master the one-handed roll on both hands. Some of his more spectacular moves are his "crossover" riffs where he would criss-cross his arms from one drum to another sometimes over the arm and even under the arm at great speed.


He often used contrasting techniques to keep long drum solos from getting mundane. Aside from his energetic explosive displays, he would also go into quieter passages. One passage he would use in most solos is starting with a simple single-stroke roll on the snare picking up speed and power, then slowly moving his sticks closer to the rim as he gets quieter and then eventually playing on just the rim itself while still maintaining speed. Then he would reverse the effect and slowly move towards the center of the snare while increasing power.


Another technique he uses that very few drummers have been able to perfect is called the "stick-trick" where he does a very fast roll just by slapping his two sticks together in a circular motion.


The West Side Story Medley

Known as Rich's most popular arrangement, the West Side Story medley is considered by many as one of the most complex and difficult-to-perform big-band arrangements written. Penned by Bill Reddie, Rich received this arrangement of Leonard Bernstein's melodies from the famed musical in the mid-60s and found it to be very challenging even for him. It consists of many rapid-fire time changes and signatures and took almost a month of constant rehearsals to perfect. It has since become a staple in all his performances clocking in at various lengths from seven to fifteen minutes. Bernstein himself has had nothing but praise for it.[citation needed] In 2002, a DVD was released called "The Lost West Side Story Tapes" that captured a 1985 performance of this along with other numbers.[2] These tapes were thought to be lost in a fire. For The Games song, see Westside Story (song). ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...


Personality

Although Rich was usually a helpful and friendly man, he was also known to have a short temper. In many instances, he took advantage of the high respect he commanded. While he threatened many times to fire members of his band, he seldom actually did so, and for the most part he lauded his band members during television and print interviews. Rich's quick temper, mercurial attitude, and imposing personality are attested to in secret recordings members of his band made of some of his tantrums on tour buses and backstage.


These recordings, long circulated in bootleg form, have done much to fuel the reputation of Rich's personality. The tapes were popular with comedians Jerry Seinfeld and Larry David, who used three quotes from them more or less verbatim on Seinfeld:[3] This article is about the comedian. ... Lawrence Gene Larry David (born July 2, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York) is an Emmy-winning actor, writer, comedian, producer and film director. ... This article is about the sitcom. ...

  • "If I have to tell you again, we're gonna take it outside and I'm gonna show you what it's like!" ("The Opposite")
  • "This guy - this is not my kind of guy." ("The Understudy")
  • "Then let's see how he does, up there, without all the assistance!" ("The Butter Shave")

On one recording, Rich can be heard attempting to fire Dave Panichi, a trombonist in his band for wearing a beard. [4] The Opposite is the eighty-sixth episode of the NBC sitcom Seinfeld, which was also the 22nd and final episode of Season 5. ... The Understudy is the 110th episode of the NBC sitcom Seinfeld. ... The Butter Shave is the first episode of the ninth season of Seinfeld. ... Trombonist and composer Dave Panichi is an Australian jazz musician who began his professional musical career in 1975. ... A trombonist is a musician who plays the trombone. ... “Bearded” redirects here. ...


Buddy Rich held a black belt in Karate, as mentioned in a CNN television interview with Larry King, c. 1985. The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Larry King (born November 19, 1933) is an award-winning American writer, journalist and broadcaster. ...


Death and legacy

Buddy Rich remained active until the end of his life, appearing with his Big Band on Michael Parkinson's British talk show Parkinson only a few weeks prior to his death. In the episode, Parkinson kidded Rich about his Donny Osmond kick, by claiming that Rich was the president of Osmond's fan club. Reportedly[citation needed], prior to heart surgery, when asked by a nurse if he was allergic to anything he replied, "Yes ... country music!" Days before he died, he was visited by Mel Tormé, who claims that one of Buddy's last requests was "to hear the tapes" that featured his angry outbursts. It is reported[citation needed] that Tormé did play the tapes in the hospital room. At the time, Tormé was working on an authorized biography of Rich which was later released after Rich's death, titled "Traps, The Drum Wonder: The Life of Buddy Rich". On April 2, 1987, Rich died of heart failure following surgery for a malignant brain tumor. He is interred in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. Michael Parkinson CBE (born 28 March 1935) is an English journalist and television presenter. ... Parkinson is a surname shared by several people: Cecil Parkinson (born 1931), Baron Parkinson of Carnforth, British politician C. Northcote Parkinson (1909–1993), historian and author who formulated Parkinsons Law David Parkinson, cinema historian Dian Parkinson (born 1944), cast member of the game show The Price is Right James... Melvin Howard Tormé (September 13, 1925 – June 5, 1999), nicknamed The Velvet Fog, is best known as one of the great male jazz singers. ... Cemetery view looking South-East. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...


Since Rich's death, a number of memorial concerts have been held. In 1994, the Rich tribute album Burning for Buddy: A Tribute to the Music of Buddy Rich was released. Produced by Rush drummer/lyricist Neil Peart, the album features performances of Rich live staples by a number of famous rock and jazz drummers, such as Kenny Aronoff, Dave Weckl, and Steve Gadd, with all being accompanied by the Buddy Rich Big Band. A second volume was issued in 1997. Rush is a Canadian rock band comprising bassist, keyboardist, and lead vocalist Geddy Lee, guitarist Alex Lifeson, and drummer and lyricist Neil Peart. ... Neil Ellwood Peart (IPA: ) OC, (born September 12, 1952 in Hagersville, Ontario) is a Canadian musician and author. ...


Buddy Rich and Popular Culture

One line of the popular Beastie Boys' song Sabotage reads "I'm Buddy Rich when I fly off the handle". This could be in reference to either Rich's aforementioned temper or his drumming speed capabilities. Beastie Boys is a hip hop musical group from New York City, consisting of Michael Mike D Diamond, Adam MCA Yauch and Adam Ad-Rock Horovitz. ... Sabotage is a 1994 song by the American hip hop group Beastie Boys. ...


In "Weird Al" Yankovic's song Close but no Cigar on the album Straight Outta Lynwood, he says his "heart was beating like a Buddy Rich solo". This article is about the musician himself. ... Close But No Cigar is a song by Weird Al Yankovic, released on his album Straight Outta Lynwood. ... Singles from Straight Outta Lynwood Released: August 21, 2006 Released: September 12, 2006 Released: September 26, 2006 Released: March 19, 2007 Straight Outta Lynwood is the twelfth album by Weird Al Yankovic. ...


In the TV show "Freaks and Geeks" Harold Wier plays Nick Andopolis a record of drumming, when asked "How'd you hear about him?" he responds "You kidding? These guys, I grew up with Gene Krupa and Buddy Rich". Freaks and Geeks was an American television series, created by Paul Feig and produced by Judd Apatow, that aired on NBC during the 1999–2000 TV season. ... Gene Krupa Gene Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was a famous and influential American jazz and big band drummer, known for his highly energetic and flamboyant style. ...


It has been mentioned that one could walk into a room where Buddy Rich was playing during his solo section, and without hearing any melodies, know what song, what chart the band was playing just from his drum solo.


Biography

  • Mel Tormé, 1991. Traps,The Drum Wonder: The Life of Buddy Rich.

Melvin Howard Tormé (September 13, 1925 – June 5, 1999), nicknamed The Velvet Fog, is best known as one of the great male jazz singers. ...

References

  1. ^ Yanow, Scott. "Buddy Rich", All Music Guide (link) Accessed 2007 August 31
  2. ^ Bowers, Jack. "Buddy Rich: The Lost Tapes", All About Jazz (link) 2005 December 9. Accessed 2007 June 27
  3. ^ Jerry Seinfeld (Interviewee). (2005). Seinfeld Season 6 "Inside Looks" featurette on "The Understudy" [DVD]. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. Retrieved on 2007-06-24. Scene occurs at 00:04:04.
  4. ^ Audio tape recording of Buddy Rich tirade - Transcription by Ientilucci, Emmett J. "Buddy Rich: World's Greatest Drummer, Act 4" (link). Accessed 2007 July 20

This article is about the comedian. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... Sony Pictures Home Entertainment is the home video, DVD, and UMD distribution arm of Sony Pictures Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Buddy Rich (331 words)
Bernard (Buddy) Rich (September 30 1917–April 2 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader.
Rich was billed as the world's greatest drummer (a billing many consider to be fair), and was known for his technique, speed, and ability to improvise.
However, Buddy's outrageous temper was overlooked by most because of his undeniable skill as a musician and his reputation for being very accommodating for his fans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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