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Encyclopedia > Buddhist terms and concepts

Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. Below are given a number of important Buddhist terms, short definitions, and the languages in which they appear. In this list, an attempt has been made to organize terms by their original form and give translations and synonyms in other languages along with the definition. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


Languages and traditions dealt with here:

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Pāli is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, the Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand). ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit (BHS) is a modern linguistic category applied to some of the Mahāyāna Buddhist Sutras, such as the Perfection of Wisdom. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, the Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand). ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... CJK is a collective term for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, which constitute the main East Asian languages. ... Seated Buddha, from the Chinese Tang Dynasty, Hebei province, ca. ... The Buddha in Kamakura (1252). ... The grounds of Koreas Buryeongsa Temple. ... Buddhism in Vietnam is Buddhism that had been localized to Vietnam from India and later from China. ...


A

Definition Etymology In other languages
abhidhamma A category of scriptures that attempts to use Buddhist teachings to create a systematic, abstract description of all worldly phenomena
  • abhi is "above" or "about", dhamma is "teaching"
  • Pāli: abhidhamma
  • Sanskrit: abhidharma
  • Tib: chos mngon pa
  • Thai: อภิธรรม a-pi-tam
  • 阿毗達磨
    • Cn: Āpídámó
    • Jp: Abidatsuma
    • Vi: a-tì-đạt-ma
Abhidhamma Pitaka The third basket of the Tripitaka canon, the reorganization of all doctrines in a systematic way
  • Pāli: Abhidhamma-piṭaka
  • Sanskrit: Abhidharma-piṭaka
  • 論藏, 論蔵
    • Cn: Lùnzàng
    • Jp: Ronzō
    • Vi: Luận tạng
acariya, lit. "teacher", One of the two teachers of a novice monk - the other one is called upādhyāya
  • Pāli: ācāriya
  • Sanskrit: ācārya
  • Bur: ဆရာ saya
  • Thai: อาจารย์ ajahn
  • 阿闍梨 or 阿闍梨耶
    • Cn: āshélí or āshélíyē
    • Jp: ajari or ajariya
    • Vi: a-xà-lê or a-xà-lê-da
adhitthana determination
  • Pāli:
  • Sanskrit:
  • Bur: ဆရာ
  • Thai: อธิษฐาน uh-tid-taan
  • 决心
    • Cn:
    • Jp:
    • Vi:
addiction, see tanha
Agama The Buddhist texts in Sanskrit
  • Sanskrit: Āgama
  • Pāli: Nikāya
  • 阿含
    • Cn: Āhán
    • Jp: Agon
    • Vi: A-hàm
ahimsa The devotion to non-violence and respect for all forms of life. Practicers of ahimsa are often vegetarians or vegans
  • Sanskrit: ahiṃsā
  • Pāli: ahiṃsā
  • 不害
    • Cn: bù hài
    • Jp: fugai
    • Vi: bất hại
alayavijnana, see store consciousness
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: ālayavijñāna
  • Tib: ཀུན་གཞི་རྣམ་པར་ཤེས་པ་
    kun gzhi rnam par shes pa
  • 阿賴耶識, 阿頼耶識
    • Cn: ālàiyēshí
    • Jp: araya-shiki
    • Vi: a-lại-da thức
Amitabha Lit. "The Buddha of Infinite Light". The main buddha of the Pure Land school, but is popular in other Mahayana sects as well.
  • Sanskrit: amitābha (lit. "limitless light") and amitāyus (lit. "limitless life")
  • 阿彌陀 or 阿彌陀佛, 阿弥陀 or 阿弥陀仏
    • Cn: Ēmítuó or Ēmítuó fó
    • Jp: Amida or Amida-butsu
    • Vi: A-di-đà or Phật A-di-đà
anagarika A white-robed student in the Theravada tradition who, for a few months, awaits being considered for Samaneras ordination
  • Pāli: anāgarika
anapanasati Mindfulness of the breath meditation
  • Pāli: ānāpānasati
anatta The principle denial of the soul in any phenomena. See also negative theology.
  • Pāli: anattā
  • Sanskrit: anātman
  • 無我
    • Cn: wúwǒ
    • Jp: muga
    • Vi: vô ngã
anicca Impermanence
  • Pāli: anicca
  • Sanskrit: anitya
  • 無常
    • Cn: wúcháng
    • Jp: mujō
    • Vi: vô thường
anuttara Unsurpassing
  • Pāli: anuttara
  • Sanskrit: anuttara
  •  ?
    • Cn: ?
    • Jp: ?
    • Vi: ?
    • Fi: Ylittämätön
arhat, lit. "the Worthy One", A living person who has reached Enlightenment
  • Pāli: arahat or arahant
  • Sanskrit: arhat or arhant
  • Tib: དགྲ་ཅོམ་པ་, dgra com pa
  • 阿羅漢
    • Cn: āluóhàn
    • Jp: arakan
    • Vi: a-la-hán
arahato samasam buddhasa,
  • Pāli:
  • Sanskrit:
  • Tib: ,
  • Thai: อรหันต์ uh-ra-hann
  • 阿耨多罗三藐三菩提
    • Cn:
    • Jp:
    • Vi:
atman literally "self", sometimes "soul" or "ego". In Buddhism, the inappropriate belief in atman is the prime consequence of ignorance, the foundation of samsara
  • Sanskrit: ātman
  • Pāli: atta
    • Cn:
    • Jp: ga
    • Vi: ngã
Avalokitesvara, lit. "One Who Hears the Suffering Cries of the World", The bodhisattva of compassion (see also Guan Yin)
  • Sanskrit: Avalokiteśvara
  • Tib: སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས་ spyan ras gzigs
  • 觀世音 or 觀音
    • Cn: Guānshì Yīn or Guān Yīn
    • Jp: Kanzeon or Kannon
avidya "ignorance" or "delusion"
  • Sanskrit: avidyā
  • Pāli: avijjā
  • Tib: མ་རིག་པ་ ma rig-pa
  • 無明
    • Cn: wúmíng
    • Jp: mumyō
    • Vi: vô minh

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Abhidharma (Sanskrit: अभिधर्मा) Sinhala: අභිධර්ම) or Abhidhamma (Pāli: अभिधमा) is a category of Buddhist scriptures that attempts to use Buddhist teachings to create a systematic, abstract description of all worldly phenomena. ... Abhidharma (Sanskrit: अभिधर्मा) Sinhala: අභිධර්ම) or Abhidhamma (Pāli: अभिधमा) is a category of Buddhist scriptures that attempts to use Buddhist teachings to create a systematic, abstract description of all worldly phenomena. ... The Tripiá¹­aka (Sanskrit त्रिपिटक, lit. ... Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. ... Ajahn (Thai: อาจารย์) is teacher in the Thai language; it is derived from the (Pali) word ācārya. ...       Colored items are in both lists. ... Taṇhā (Pāli: तण्हा) or Tṛṣṇā (Sanskrit: तृष्णा) means thirst, desire, craving, wanting, longing, yearning. Synonyms: æ„› Cn: ài; Jp: ai; Vi: ái Tibetan: The most basic of these meanings (the literal meaning) is thirst; however, in Buddhism it has a technical meaning that is much broader. ... Nikaya is a word of Pali origin and Sanskrit usage which was adopted into English in reference to Buddhist texts. ... Ahimsa (Devanagari: ; IAST ) is a Sanskrit term meaning non-violence (literally: the avoidance of violence - himsa). ... Store consciousness (Sanskrit ālayavij āna; Tib. ... Amitabha Buddha pictured in the Ushiku Daibutsu in Japan Amitābha (Sanskrit: अमिताभः, Amitābhaḥ; Chinese: 阿彌陀佛, Ä’mítuó Fó; Japanese: 阿弥陀如来, Amida Nyorai; Vietnamese: 阿彌陀佛, A Di Ðà Phật; Tibetan: འོད་དཔག་མེད་; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Mongolian: CaÉ£lasi ügei gerel-tü) is a celestial buddha described in the scriptures of the Mahāyāna school... The Buddha Amitabha, 13th century, Kamakura, Japan. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... Ānāpāna Sati, meaning mindfulness of breathing (sati means mindfulness, ānāpāna refers to breathing) is a basic form of meditation taught by the Buddha. ... In Buddhist philosophy, anatta (Pāli) or anātman (Sanskrit) refers to non-self or absence of separate self[1]. One scholar describes it as ...meaning non-selfhood, the absence of limiting self-identity in people and things. ... Negative theology - also known as the Via Negativa (Latin for Negative Way) and Apophatic theology - is a theology that attempts to describe God by negation, to speak of God only in terms of what may not be said about God. ... Impermanence (Sanskrit: anitya; Pali anicca; Tibetan: mi rtag pa; Chinese: 無常, wúcháng; Japanese: mujō) is one of the essential doctrines of Buddhism. ... A Chinese Luohan statue from the Liao Dynasty in Hebei Province, China In the sramanic traditions of ancient India (most notably those of Mahavira and Gautama Buddha) arhat (Sanskrit) or arahant (Pali) signified a spiritual practitioner who had—to use an expression common in the tipitaka—laid down the burden... Atman is a Sanskrit word, normally translated as soul or self (also ego). ... For other uses, see Samsara (disambiguation). ... Avalokitesvara with a 1,000 arms, part of the Dazu Stone Carvings at Mount Baoding, Dazu County, Chongqing, China. ... Lands Bhutan â€¢ China â€¢ Korea Japan â€¢ Tibet â€¢ Vietnam Taiwan â€¢ Mongolia Doctrine Bodhisattva â€¢ Bodhicitta Karuna â€¢ Prajna Sunyata â€¢ Buddha Nature Trikaya â€¢ Eternal Buddha Scriptures Prajnaparamita Sutra Avatamsaka Sutra Lotus Sutra Nirvana Sutra VimalakÄ«rti Sutra Lankavatara Sutra History 4th Buddhist Council Silk Road â€¢ Nagarjuna Asanga â€¢ Vasubandhu Bodhidharma      A statue of a Bodhisattva, Akasagarbha. ... For the Chen Dynasty empress whose Buddhist nun name was Guanyin, see Empress Shen Wuhua. ... Avidyā (Sanskrit) or Avijjā (Pāli) means ignorance or delusion. It is used extensively in Buddhist texts. ...


B

Definition Etymology In other languages
bardo, lit. "intermediate state" or "in-between state", According to Tibetan tradition, the state of existence intermediate between two lives
  • Tib: བར་མ་དོའི་སྲིད་པ་ bar ma do'i srid pa
  • Sanskrit: antarābhava
  • 中有
    • Cn: zhongyǒu
    • Jp: chūu
    • Vi: trung hữu
bhavacakra|/bhavacakka A circular symbolic representation of samsara, also known as Wheel of becoming
  • Pāli: bhavacakka
  • Sanskrit: bhava-cakra
  • 有輪
    • Cn: yǒulún
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: hữu luân
bhante The polite particle used to refer to Buddhist monks in the Theravada tradition. Bhante literally means "Venerable Sir."
  • Pāli
bhava Becoming, being, existing; the 10th link of Pratitya-samutpada
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: bhava
  • Thai: ภาวะ pa-wah
    • Cn: yǒu
    • Jp: u
    • Vi: hữu
bhikkhu/bhikshu, lit. "beggar", A Buddhist monk
  • Pāli: bhikkhu
  • Sanskrit: bhikṣu
  • Tib: དགེ་སློང་ dge slong
  • Thai: ภิกขุ bhikku
  • 比丘
    • Cn: bǐ qiū
    • Jp: biku
    • Vi: tỉ-khâu or tỉ-khưu
bhikkhuni/bhikshuni A Buddhist nun
  • from bhikkhu
  • Pāli: bhikkhuni
  • Sanskrit: bhikṣuni
  • Tib: དགེ་སློང་མ་ sde slong ma
  • Bur: ဘိက္ခုနီ bikuni
  • Thai: ภิกษุณี bhiksuni
  • 比丘尼
    • Cn: bǐqiūní"
    • Jp: bikuni
    • Vi: tỉ-khâu-ni or tỉ-khưu-ni
bija, lit. "seed", A metaphor for the origin or cause of things, used in the teachings of the Yogacara school
  • Sanskrit: bīja
  • 種子
    • Cn: zhŏngzi
    • Jp: shushi
    • Vi: chủng tử
bodhi Awakening or Enlightenment
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: bodhi
  • Thai: โพธิ์ poe
  • 菩提
    • Cn: pútí
    • Jp: bodai
    • Vi: bồ-đề
Bodhi tree The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) tree under which Gautama reached Enlightenment
  • 菩提樹
    • Cn: Pútíshù
    • Jp: Bodaiju
    • Vi: Bồ-đề thụ
bodhicitta The motivation of a bodhisattva
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: bodhicitta
  • Tib: བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་སེམས་ byang chub kyi sems
  • 菩提心
    • Cn: pútíxīn
    • Jp: bodaishin
    • Vi: bồ-đề tâm
bodhisattva One with the intention to become a Buddha in order to liberate all other sentient beings from suffering
  • Pāli: bodhisatta
  • Sanskrit: bodhisattva
  • Bur: ဗောဓိသတ္ bawditat
  • Thai: โพธิสัตว์ poe-ti-satt
  • 菩薩
    • Cn: púsà
    • Jp: bosatsu
    • Vi: bồ-tát
Buddha A Buddha; also, the Buddha Siddhārtha Gautama.
  • from √budh: to awaken
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: buddha
  • Bur: ဗုဒ္ဓ boda
  • 佛, 仏
    • Cn:
    • Jp: butsu or hotoke
    • Vi: Phật or bụt
buddha nature The uncreated and deathless Buddhic element or principle concealed within all sentient beings to achieve Awakening; the innate (latent) Buddha essence (esp. in the Tathagatagarbha sutras, Tendai/Tiantai, Nichiren thought)
  • Sanskrit: buddha-dhatu, buddha-svabhāva, "tathagata-dhatu", or tathagatagarbha.
  • 佛性, 仏性
    • Cn: fóxìng
    • Jp: busshō
    • Vi: phật tính

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z The Tibetan word Bardo means literally intermediate state - also translated as transitional state or in-between state. In Sanskrit the concept has the name antarabhāva. ... The Bhavacakra (Sanskrit) or Wheel of becoming, Tibetan is a complex symbolic representation of in the form of a circle (mandala), used primarily in Tibetan Buddhism. ... For other uses, see Samsara (disambiguation). ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... A Buddhist Monk in Sri Lanka In Pāli, a bhikkhu (male) or bhikkhuni (female) is a fully ordained Buddhist monk. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, the Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand). ... Bhava is the Sanskrit and Pāli word for being or becoming, from the root bhÅ« to be, to become. Synonyms: 有 Cn: yÇ’u; Jp: u; Vi: hữu Tibetan: In Buddhism, bhava means the continuity of life and death, conditioned upon grasping (upādāna), the desire for further... The doctrine of PratÄ«tyasamutpāda (Sanskrit: प्रतित्यसमुत्पादा) or Paticcasamuppāda (Pāli: पतिचसमुपादा; Tibetan: ; Chinese:緣起) Dependent Arising is an important part of Buddhist metaphysics. ... A Buddhist Monk in Sri Lanka In Pāli, a bhikkhu (male) or bhikkhuni (female) is a fully ordained Buddhist monk. ... High-ranking Chinese bhikkunis in an alms round. ... A Buddhist Monk in Sri Lanka In Pāli, a bhikkhu (male) or bhikkhuni (female) is a fully ordained Buddhist monk. ... In Hinduism and Buddhism, the Sanskrit term bīja (Jp. ... Yogācāra (Sanskrit: yoga practice), also spelled yogāchāra, is an influential school of philosophy and psychology that developed in Indian Mahayana Buddhism starting sometime in the fourth to fifth centuries C.E., also commonly known as consciousness-only or mind-only (Sanskrit: cittamātra) (although scholars increasingly... Bodhi (बोधि) is the Pāli and Sanskrit word for the awakened or knowing consciousness of a fully liberated yogi, generally translated into English as enlightenment. It is an abstract noun formed from the verbal root budh (to awake, become aware, notice, know or understand), corresponding to the verbs bujjhati (P... The Bodhi Tree at the Mahabodhi Temple. ... Binomial name Ficus religiosa L. The Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa, also known as Bo (from the Sinhalese Bo), Pipal (Peepul) or Ashwattha tree, is a species of banyan fig native to India, southwest China and Indochina east to Vietnam. ... Bodhi (बोधि) is the Pāli and Sanskrit word for the awakened or knowing consciousness of a fully liberated yogi, generally translated into English as enlightenment. It is an abstract noun formed from the verbal root budh (to awake, become aware, notice, know or understand), corresponding to the verbs bujjhati (P... In Buddhist thought, bodhicitta (Ch. ... Lands Bhutan â€¢ China â€¢ Korea Japan â€¢ Tibet â€¢ Vietnam Taiwan â€¢ Mongolia Doctrine Bodhisattva â€¢ Bodhicitta Karuna â€¢ Prajna Sunyata â€¢ Buddha Nature Trikaya â€¢ Eternal Buddha Scriptures Prajnaparamita Sutra Avatamsaka Sutra Lotus Sutra Nirvana Sutra VimalakÄ«rti Sutra Lankavatara Sutra History 4th Buddhist Council Silk Road â€¢ Nagarjuna Asanga â€¢ Vasubandhu Bodhidharma      A statue of a Bodhisattva, Akasagarbha. ... Lands Bhutan â€¢ China â€¢ Korea Japan â€¢ Tibet â€¢ Vietnam Taiwan â€¢ Mongolia Doctrine Bodhisattva â€¢ Bodhicitta Karuna â€¢ Prajna Sunyata â€¢ Buddha Nature Trikaya â€¢ Eternal Buddha Scriptures Prajnaparamita Sutra Avatamsaka Sutra Lotus Sutra Nirvana Sutra VimalakÄ«rti Sutra Lankavatara Sutra History 4th Buddhist Council Silk Road â€¢ Nagarjuna Asanga â€¢ Vasubandhu Bodhidharma      A statue of a Bodhisattva, Akasagarbha. ... Media:Example. ... Buddha-nature (originally in Sanskrit, Buddha-dhatu - Buddha Element, Buddha-Principle) is a doctrine important for many schools of Mahayana Buddhism. ... The Tathagatagarbha doctrine says that each sentient being contains the potential to become a Buddha. ... Tendai (Japanese: 天台宗, Tendai-shÅ«) is a Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism, a descendant of the Chinese Tiantai or Lotus Sutra school. ... Tiantai (天台宗, Wade-Giles: Tien Tai) is one of the thirteen schools of Buddhism in China and Japan, also called the Lotus Sutra School because of its emphasis on the supremacy of that scripture. ... Nichiren Buddhism (日蓮系諸宗派: Nichiren-kei sho shÅ«ha) is a branch of Buddhism based on the teachings of the 13th century Japanese monk Nichiren (1222–1282). ... The Tathagatagarbha doctrine says that each sentient being contains the potential to become a Buddha. ...


D

Definition Etymologykl;jlknlnlm
dakini A supernatural female with volatile temperament who serves as a muse for spiritual practice. Dakinis are often depicted naked to represent the truth
  • Sanskrit: ḍākinī
  • Tib: མཁའ་འགྲོ་མ་ mkha` `gro ma
  • 空行女
    • Cn: ??
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: không hành nữ
Dalai Lama, lit. "the lama with wisdom like an ocean", secular and spiritual leader of Tibet as nominated by the Mongols
  • Tibetan: ཏཱ་ལའི་བླ་མ་ taa-la'i bla-ma
  • 達賴喇嘛
    • Cn: Dálài Lǎma
    • Jp: Darai Rama
    • Vi: Đạt Lai Lạt Ma or Đạt-lại Lạt-ma
dana Generosity or giving; in Buddhism, it also refers to the practice of cultivating generosity
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: dāna
  • Bur: ဒာန dana
  • Thai: ทาน taan
  • 布施
    • Cn: bùshī
    • Jp: fuse
    • Vi: bố thí
dependent origination, see Pratitya-Samutpada
  • Pāli: paṭicca-samuppāda
  • Sanskrit: pratītya-samutpāda
  • 因縁, also 緣起, 縁起
    • Cn: yīn, also yuánqǐ
    • Jp: innen, also engi
    • Vi: duyên khởi
dhamma/dharma Often refers to the doctrines and teachings of the faith, but it may have broader uses. Also, it is an important technical term meaning something like "phenomenological constituent." This leads to the potential for confusion, puns, and double entendres, as the latter meaning often has negative connotations
  • from √dhṛ: to hold
  • Pāli: dhamma
  • Sanskrit: dharma
  • Bur: ဓမ္မာ dha ma
  • Thai: ธรรมะ tam-ma
    • Cn:
    • Jp:
    • Vi: pháp
dhammavinaya The dharma and vinaya (roughly "doctrine and discipline") considered together. This term essentially means the whole teachings of Buddhism as taught to monks
dhammacakka/dharmacakra A symbolic representation of the dharma, also known as the Wheel of Dharma
  • Sanskrit: dharmacakra
  • Pāli: dhammacakka
  • 法輪
    • Cn: Fǎlún
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: pháp luân
dhammapala/dharmapala A fearsome deity, known as protector of the Dharma
  • Sanskrit: dharmapāla
  • Pāli: dhammapāla
  • 護法
    • Cn: hùfǎ
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: Hộ Pháp
Dhyana, see jhana
  • Pāli: jhāna
  • Sanskrit: dhyāna
  • 禪 or 禪那, 禅 or 禅那
    • Cn: Chán or Chánnà
    • Jp: Zen or Zenna
    • Vi: Thiền or Thiền-na
doan In Zen, a term for person sounding the bell that marks the beginning and end of Zazen
  • Japanese: doan
dokusan A private interview between a Zen student and the master. It is an important element in the Zen training, as it provides an opportunity for the student to discuss problems in his or her practice and to demonstrate understanding
  • Japanese: 独参 dokusan
  • 獨參
    • Cn: dúcān
    • Vi: độc tham
dukkha Suffering, dissatisfaction, stress
  • Pāli: dukkha
  • Sanskrit: duḥkha
  • Bur: ဒုက္ခ doka
  • Thai: ทุกข์ took
    • Cn:
    • Jp: ku
    • Vi: khổ
dzogchen The natural, intrinsic state of every sentient being
  • Tibetan: རྫོགས་པ་ཆེན་པོ་ rdzogs pa chen po
  • Sanskrit: atiyoga
  • 大究竟
    • Cn: dàjiūjìng
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: đại cứu cánh

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A dakini (Sanskrit: sky dancer; Chinese language: 空行女) is a Tantric priestess of ancient India who carried the souls of the dead to the sky. This Buddhist figure is particularly upheld in Tibetan Buddhism. ... This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Dana is a Sanskrit and Pali word meaning generosity or giving. ... Dependent Origination (Sanskrit: pratītya-samutpāda, Pali: paticca samuppada) The doctrine of pratitya-samutpada is Buddhisms primary contribution to metaphysics. ... The doctrine of PratÄ«tyasamutpāda (Sanskrit: प्रतित्यसमुत्पादा) or Paticcasamuppāda (Pāli: पतिचसमुपादा; Tibetan: ; Chinese:緣起) Dependent Arising is an important part of Buddhist metaphysics. ... For other uses, see Dharma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the philosophical movement. ... For other uses, see Dharma (disambiguation). ... The Vinaya (a word in Pali as well as in Sanskrit, with literal meaning discipline) is the textual framework for the Buddhist monastic community, or sangha. ... The Dharmacakra (Sanskrit) or Dhammacakka (Pāli), Tibetan , Chinese fălún 法轮, Wheel of Dharma is an auspicious Buddhist symbol representing a Buddhas teaching of the path to enlightenment. ... For other uses, see Dharma (disambiguation). ... In Vajrayana Buddhism, a dharmapāla (Tibetan drag-gshed) is a type of wrathful deity. ... Dhyāna is a term in Sanskrit which refers to a type or aspect of meditation. ... Dhyāna means meditation in Sanskrit. ... Kodo Sawaki practicing zazen Zazen (坐禅) is at the heart of Zen Buddhist practice. ... Dukkha (Pāli दुक्ख ; according to grammatical tradition from Sanskrit uneasy, but according to Monier-Williams more likely a Prakritized form of unsteady, disquieted) is a central concept in Buddhism, the word roughly corresponding to a number of terms in English including sorrow, suffering, affliction, pain, anxiety, dissatisfaction, discomfort, anguish, stress... This article refers to the primordial state as considered in Tibetan Buddhism and Bon. ...


F

Definition Etymology In other languages
Five Five-Hundred-Year Periods Five sub-divisions of the three periods following the Buddha's passing (三時 Cn: sānshí; Jp: sanji; Vi: tam thời), significant for many Mahayana adherents:
  1. Age of enlightenment (解脱堅固 Cn: jiětuō jiāngù; Jp: gedatsu kengo)
  2. Age of meditation (禅定堅固 Cn: chándìng jiāngù; Jp: zenjō kengo)
    These two ages comprise the Former Day of the Law (正法 Cn: zhèngfǎ; Jp: shōbō)
  3. Age of reading, reciting, and listening (読誦多聞堅固 Cn: sòngduōwén jiāngù; Jp: dokuju tamon kengo)
  4. Age of building temples and stupas (多造塔寺堅固 Cn: duōzào tǎsì jiāngù; Jp: tazō tōji kengo)
    These two ages comprise the Middle Day of the Law (像法 Cn: xiàngfǎ; Jp: zōhō)
  5. Age of conflict (闘諍堅固 Cn: zhēng jiāngù; Jp: tōjō kengo), an age characterized by unrest, strife, famine, and other natural and human-made disasters.
    This age corresponds to the beginning of the Latter Day of the Law (末法 Cn: mòfǎ; Jp: mappō) when the (historical) Buddha's teachings would lose all power of salvation and perish (白法隠没 Cn: báifǎméi; Jp: byakuhō onmotsu) and a new Buddha would appear to save the people.
  • The three periods and the five five-hundred year periods are described in the Sutra of the Great Assembly (大集 Cn: dàjí; Jp: Daishutu-kyō, Daijuku-kyō, Daijikkyō, or Daishukkyō).
  • 五箇五百歲, 五箇五百歳
    • Cn: 五箇五百歲 wǔ ge wǔbǎi suì
    • Jp: 五箇の五百歳 go no gohyaku sai
    • Vi: ??
Four Noble Truths
  1. Suffering: Dukkha (Sanskrit: duḥkhāryasatya; Bur: ဒုက္ခ doka; Thai: ทุกข์; 苦諦 Cn: kǔdì; Jp: kutai; Vi: khổ đế)
  2. Attachment (desire): Samudaya (Sanskrit: samudayāryasatya; Thai: สมุทัย; 集諦 Cn: jídì; Jp: jittai; Vi: tập khổ đế)
  3. Elimination of attachment (desire): Nirodha (Sanskrit: duḥkhanirodhāryasatya; Thai: นิโรธ; 滅諦 Cn: mièdì; Jp: mettai; Vi: diệt khổ đế)
  4. The path that leads out of suffering: Magga (Sanskrit: duḥkhanirodhagāminī pratipad; Thai: มรรค; 道諦 Cn: dàodì; Jp: dōtai; Vi: đạo đế)
  • Pāli: cattāri ariya-saccāni
  • Sanskrit: चत्वारि आर्यसत्यानि catvāry āryasatyāni
  • 四諦
    • Cn: Sìdì
    • Jp: Shitai
    • Vi: Tứ diệu đế
fukudo In Zen, term for person who strikes the han
  • Japanese

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z The Four Noble Truths (Pali: Cattāri ariyasaccāni, Sanskrit: Catvāri āryasatyāni, Chinese: Sìshèngdì, Thai: อริยสัจสี่, Ariyasaj Sii) are one of the most fundamental Buddhist teachings. ... Dukkha (Pāli दुक्ख ; according to grammatical tradition from Sanskrit uneasy, but according to Monier-Williams more likely a Prakritized form of unsteady, disquieted) is a central concept in Buddhism, the word roughly corresponding to a number of terms in English including sorrow, suffering, affliction, pain, anxiety, dissatisfaction, discomfort, anguish, stress...


G

Definition Etymology In other languages
gassho A position used for greeting, with the palms together and fingers pointing upwards in prayer position; used in various Buddhist traditions, but also used in numerous cultures throughout Asia. It expresses greeting, request, thankfulness, reverence and prayer. Also considered a mudra or inkei of Japanese Shingon. See also: Namaste
  • Japanese: 合掌 gasshō
  • Sanskrit: anjali
  • 合掌
    • Cn: hézhǎng (more common to say 合十 héshí)
    • Vi: hiệp chưởng
geshe A Tibetan Buddhist academic degree in the Gelug tradition, awarded at the conclusion of lengthy studies often lasting nine years or more
  • Tibetan: དགེ་ཤེས་
gongan, lit. "public case", A meditative method developed in the Chán/Seon/Zen traditions, generally consisting of a problem that defies solution by means of rational thought; see koan
  • Chinese 公案 gōng-àn
  • 公案
    • Jp: kōan
    • Ko: gong'an
    • Vi: công án
Guan Yin The bodhisattva of compassion in East Asian Buddhism, with full name being Guan Shi Yin. Guan Yin is considered to be the female form of Avalokiteshvara but has been given many more distinctive characteristics.
  • Chinese 觀音 Guān Yīn or 觀世音 Guān Shì Yīn
  • 觀音 or 觀世音
    • Jp: Kannon or Kanzeon
    • Ko: Gwaneum or Gwanse-eum
    • Vi: Quan Âm or Quan Thế Âm

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Woman performing namaste gesture. ... Geshe is a Buddhist academic degree for scholars. ... The Geluk (dge lugs) School was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), Tibets best known religious reformer and arguably its greatest philosopher. ... Chán is a major school of Chinese Mahāyāna Buddhism. ... The Seon school is a Korean branch of Buddhism that shares its origins and many characteristics with Chinese Chan and whose influence originated aspects of Japanese Zen. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... A koan (pronounced ) is a story, dialog, question, or statement in the history and lore of Chan (Zen) Buddhism, generally containing aspects that are inaccessible to rational understanding, yet that may be accessible to intuition. ... For the Chen Dynasty empress whose Buddhist nun name was Guanyin, see Empress Shen Wuhua. ... Lands Bhutan â€¢ China â€¢ Korea Japan â€¢ Tibet â€¢ Vietnam Taiwan â€¢ Mongolia Doctrine Bodhisattva â€¢ Bodhicitta Karuna â€¢ Prajna Sunyata â€¢ Buddha Nature Trikaya â€¢ Eternal Buddha Scriptures Prajnaparamita Sutra Avatamsaka Sutra Lotus Sutra Nirvana Sutra VimalakÄ«rti Sutra Lankavatara Sutra History 4th Buddhist Council Silk Road â€¢ Nagarjuna Asanga â€¢ Vasubandhu Bodhidharma      A statue of a Bodhisattva, Akasagarbha. ... In Mahayana Buddhism, Avalokitesvara or Avalokiteshvara is a bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas. ...


H

Definition Etymology In other languages
han In Zen monasteries, wooden board that is struck announcing sunrise, sunset and the end of the day
  • Japanese
Hinayana, lit. "inferior vehicle", A coinage by the Mahayana for the Buddhist doctrines concerned with the achievement of Nirvana as a Śrāvakabuddha or a Pratyekabuddha, as opposed to a Samyaksambuddha
  • Sanskrit: hīnayāna
  • 小乘
    • Cn: Xiǎoshèng
    • Jp: Shōjō
    • Vi: Tiểu thừa

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Hinayana (Sanskrit: inferior vehicle; Chinese:小乘, Xiǎoshèng; Japanese: Shōjō) is a term coined by the Mahayana, which appeared publicly around the 1st century CE. There are differing views on the use and meaning of the term, both among scholars and within Buddhism. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept. ... Statues of the 500 arhats in the Longhua temple in Shanghai, P.R. China Åšrāvakabuddhas (Sanskrit) or Sāvakabuddhas (Pāli) are those enlightened individuals who gain Nirvāṇa, but do so by hearing the Dharma as initially taught by a Samyaksambuddha. ... A Pratyeka Buddha (Sanskrit pratyekabuddha; Pali pacceka-buddha) is one of three types of enlightened beings according to some schools of Buddhism (the others being the śrāvakas and Samyaksam-Buddhas). ... Media:Example. ...


I

Definition Etymology In other languages
ino, lit. "bringer of joy to the assembly", In Zen, one of the leaders of a sesshin; in Zen temples, the temple official in charge of maintaining the zendo, or meditation hall
  • Japanese

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Zendo (禅堂, Chinese: Chántáng) is a Japanese term translating roughly as meditation hall. In Zen Buddhism, the zendo is a spiritual dojo where zazen (sitting meditation) is practiced. ...


J

Definition Etymology In other languages
jhana Meditative contemplation; more often associated with śamatha practices than vipaśyana. See also: shamata, samadhi, samapatti
  • from √dhyā: to think of, to contemplate, meditate on
  • Pāli: jhāna
  • Sanskrit: dhyāna
  • Thai: ฌาน chaan
  • 禪 or 禪那, 禅 or 禅那
    • Cn: Chán or Chánnà
    • Jp: Zen or Zenna
    • Vi: Thiền or Thiền-na
jisha In Zen, a senior priest's attendant
  • Japanese

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Dhyāna means meditation in Sanskrit. ... Samatha (Pāli) or Å›amatha (Sanskrit) is the practice of tranquility or concentration meditation. ... Samadhi (Sanskrit, lit. ... Samapatti stands for correct (samyag) acquisition (apatti) of Truth. ...


K

Definition Etymology In other languages
karma, lit. "action", The law of cause and effect in Buddhism
  • from √kri: to do
  • Sanskrit: karma
  • Pāli: kamma
  • Thai: กรรม gum
  • 業¹, 因果²
    • Cn: ¹, comm.: ²yīnguǒ
    • Jp:
    • Vi: nghiệp
kensho In Zen, enlightenment; has the same meaning as satōri, but is customary used for an initial awakening experience
  • Japanese: 見性 kenshō
  • 見性
    • Cn: jiànxìng
    • Vi: kiến tính
khyenpo, also khenpo, An academic degree similar to a doctorate in theology, philosophy, and psychology
  • Tibetan
khanti patience
  • Thai: ขันติ kanti
  • Japanese:
  • Thai: ขันติ kanti
  • 耐心
    • Cn:
    • Vi:
kinhin Zen walking meditation
  • Japanese: 經行 kinhin or kyōgyō
  • 經行
    • Cn: jīngxíng
    • Vi: ??
koan A story, question, problem or statement generally inaccessible to rational understanding, yet may be accessible to Intuition
  • Japanese: 公案 kōan
  • 公案
    • Cn: gōng-àn
    • Ko: gong'an
    • Vi: công án
ksanti The practice of exercising patience toward behavior or situations that might not necessarily deserve it -- it is seen as a conscious choice to actively give patience as a gift, rather than being in a state of oppression in which one feels obligated to act in such a way.
  • Sanskrit
kyosaku In Zen, a flattened stick used to strike the shoulders during zazen, to help overcome fatigue or reach satori
  • Japanese: 警策 kyōsaku, called keisaku in Rinzai
  • 警策
    • Cn: jǐngcè
    • Vi: ??

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Karma (Sanskrit: कर्मन karman, Pāli: कमा Kamma) means action or doing; whatever one does, says, or thinks is a karma. ... Kenshō (見性), literally seeing the nature in Japanese, is the experience of enlightenment described in the context of Zen Buddhism. ... In Buddhist context, khyenpo (also spelled khenpo) is an academic degree similar to a doctorate in theology, philosophy, and psychology. ... Kshanti or ká¹£anti (Sanskrit), (Khanti in Pali) often translated as patience, tolerance, forbearance, acceptance, or endurance, is one of the paramitas of Buddhism. ... kinhin 經行 (jap. ... A koan (pronounced ) is a story, dialog, question, or statement in the history and lore of Chan (Zen) Buddhism, generally containing aspects that are inaccessible to rational understanding, yet that may be accessible to intuition. ... Kshanti or ká¹£anti (Sanskrit), (Khanti in Pali) often translated as patience, tolerance, forbearance, acceptance, or endurance, is one of the paramitas of Buddhism. ... A kyosaku (Japanese), traditionally, is an attempt by ones sensei to alert students to their mindlessness in zazen (sitting meditation), usually administered by a stick. ... Kodo Sawaki practicing zazen Zazen (坐禅) is at the heart of Zen Buddhist practice. ... Satori (æ‚Ÿ Japanese satori; Chinese: wù - from the verb Satoru) is a Japanese Buddhist term for enlightenment. ...


L

Definition Etymology In other languages
lama A Tibetan teacher or master; equivalent to Sanskrit "guru"
  • Tibetan: བླ་མ་ lama
  • Sanskrit: guru
  • 喇嘛
    • Cn: lǎma
    • Jp: rama
    • Vi: lạt-ma
lineage The official record of the historical descent of dharma teachings from one teacher to another; by extension, may refer to a tradition

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Not to be confused with Llama. ... For other uses, see Guru (disambiguation). ... Chan and Zen Buddhism maintain records of their historical teachers who have passed the Dharma from generation to generation in an unbroken line since the time of the Buddha. ...


M

Definition Etymology In other languages
Madhyamaka Buddhist philosophical school, founded by Nagarjuna. Members of this school are called Madhyamikas
  • Sanskrit: mādhyamika
  • Tib: དབུ་མ་པ་ dbu ma pa
  • 中觀宗
    • Cn: Zhōngguānzōng
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: Trung quán tông
mahamudra A method of direct introduction the understanding of sunyata, of samsara and that the two are inseparable
  • Sanskrit: mahāmudrā
  • Tib: ཕྱག་རྒྱ་ཆེན་པོ་ chag-je chen-po
  • 大手印
    • Cn: dàshŏuyìn
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: đại thủ ấn
mahasiddha litt. great spiritual accomplishment. A yogi in Tantric Buddhism, often associated with the highest levels of enlightenment
  • Sanskrit: mahāsiddha
  • Thai: มหายาน
  • 大成就
    • Cn: dàchéngjiù
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: đại thành tựu
Mahayana, lit. "great vehicle", A major branch of Buddhism practiced in China, Tibet, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan. Main goal is to achieve buddhahood or samyaksambuddha
  • Sanskrit: mahāyāna
  • 大乘
    • Cn: Dàshèng
    • Jp: Daijō
    • Vi: Đại thừa
Maitreya The Buddha of the future epoch
  • Pāli: Metteyya
  • Sanskrit: Maitreya
  • 彌勒 or 彌勒佛, 弥勒 or 弥勒仏
    • Cn: Mílè or Mílè Fó
    • Jp: Miroku or Miroku-butsu
    • Vi: Di-lặc or Phật Di-lặc
makyo In Zen, unpleasant or distracting thoughts or illusions that occur during zazen
  • Japanese: 魔境 makyō
mantra Chant used primarily to aid concentration, to reach enlightenment. The best-known Buddhist mantra is possibly Om mani padme hum
  • Sanskrit: mantra
  • Thai: มนตร์ moan
  • 真言
    • Cn: zhēnyán
    • Jp: shingon
    • Vi: chân âm
Mappo The "degenerate" Latter Day of the Law. A time period supposed to begin 2,000 years after Sakyamuni Buddha's passing and last for "10,000 years"; follows the two 1,000-year periods of Former Day of the Law (正法 Cn: zhèngfǎ; Jp: shōbō) and of Middle Day of the Law (像法 Cn: xiàngfǎ; Jp: zōhō). During this degenerate age, chaos will prevail and the people will be unable to attain enlightenment through the word of Sakyamuni Buddha. See the Three periods
  • Japanese: 末法 mappō
  • 末法
    • Cn: mòfǎ
    • Vi: ??
metta loving kindness
  • Pāli:
  • Sanskrit:
  • Thai: เมตตา metta
  • 慈爱
    • Ch:
    • Jp:
    • Vi:
Middle way The practice of avoidance of extreme views and lifestyle choices
  • Pāli: majjhimāpaṭipadā
  • Sanskrit: madhyamāpratipad
  • 中道
    • Ch: zhōngdào
    • Jp: chūdō
    • Vi: trung đạo
mindfulness The practice whereby a person is intentionally aware of his or her thoughts and actions in the present moment, non-judgmentally. The 7th step of the Noble Eightfold Path
  • Pāli: sammā-sati
  • Sanskrit: samyag-smṛti
  • Thai: สัมมาสติ samma-sati
  • 正念
    • Cn: zhèngniàn
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: chính niệm
moksha Liberation
  • Sanskrit: mokṣa
  • Pāli: vimutti
  • 解脱
    • Cn: jiětuō
    • Jp: gedatsu
    • Vi: giải thoát
mokugyo A wooden drum carved from one piece, usually in the form of a fish
  • Japanese: 木魚
  • 木魚
    • Cn: mùyú
    • Vi:
mondo In Zen, a short dialogue between teacher and student
  • Japanese: 問答 mondō
  • 問答
    • Cn: wèndǎ
    • Vi: ??
mudra lit. "seal", A gesture made with hands and fingers in meditation
  • Sanskrit: mudrā
  • Tib: ཕྱག་རྒྱ་ phyag rgya
  • 印相
    • Cn: yìnxiàng (commonly only yìn)
    • Jp: inzō
    • Vi: ấn

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Madhyamaka (Also known as Åšunyavada) is a Buddhist Mahayāna tradition popularized by Nāgārjuna and AÅ›vaghoá¹£a. ... For other uses, see Nagarjuna (disambiguation). ... Mahāmudrā (Sanskrit: great seal or great symbol), (Tibetan: Chagchen, Wylie: phyag chen, contraction of Chagya Chenpo, Wylie: phyag rgya chen po), is a Buddhist method of direct introduction to the nature and essence of Mind (or Buddha-nature) and the practice of stabilizing the accompanying transcendental realization. ... Śūnyatā, शून्यता (Sanskrit, Pali: suññatā), or Emptiness, is a term for a concept or set of concepts playing an important role in some versions of the Buddhist metaphysical critique, but also having important implications for Buddhist epistemology and phenomenology. ... For other uses, see Samsara (disambiguation). ... Mahasiddhas (Sanskrit: maha - great, siddhas - achievers) are a type of eccentric yogis or adepts important in tantric Hinduism and Tibetan Buddhism. ... A mandala used in Vajrayana Buddhist practices. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... A stone image of the Buddha. ... This article is about the Buddhist bodhisattva Maitreya. ... Kodo Sawaki practicing zazen Zazen (坐禅) is at the heart of Zen Buddhist practice. ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ... Om Mani Padme Hum, written in Tibetan, on a rock outside the Potala Palace in Tibet. ... Mettā (मेटा in Devanagari) is a Pali word meaning unconditional loving-kindness. ... The Middle Way or Middle Path (Sanskrit Madhyama Marga, Pali Majjhima Magga) is the Buddhist philosophy expounded by Gautama Buddha. ... Look up Mindfulness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Dharma wheel, often used to represent the Noble Eightfold Path The Noble Eightfold Path (Pāli: Ariyo aá¹­á¹­haá¹…giko maggo; Sanskrit: Ä€rya ṣṭāṅga mārgaḥ; Chinese: 八正道, Bāzhèngdào; Japanese: 八正道, Hasshōdō, Thai: อริยมรรคแปด, Ariya Mugg Paad, Mongolian qutuÉ£tan-u naiman gesigün-ü mör) is, in... For other uses, see Moksha (disambiguation). ... Mokugyo A Mokugyo (in Japanese language) (木魚, Chn: mùyú), commonly known as a Wooden Fish, is a wooden percussion instrument used by monks ordained in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition. ... A mudrā (Sanskrit, मुद्रा, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture usually made with the hand or fingers. ...


N

Definition Etymology In other languages
namo An exclamation showing reverence; devotion. Often placed in front of the name of an object of veneration, e.g., a Buddha's name or a sutra (Nam(u) Myōhō Renge Kyō), to express devotion to it. Defined in Sino-Japanese as 帰命 kimyō: to base one's life upon, to devote (or submit) one's life to

Derivatives: Nam Myōhō Renge Kyō (南無妙法蓮華経, also transliterated Namu Myōhō Renge Kyō) is a mantra, which is recited as part of the practice of Nichiren Buddhism. ...

  • Namo Amitabha
  • Pāli: namo
  • Sanskrit: namaḥ or namas

Derivatives:

  • Sanskrit: namas amitābha
  • 南無
    • Cn: nánmó
    • Jp: namu or nam
    • Vi: nam-mô

Derivatives:

  • 南無阿弥陀佛
    • Cn: Nánmó Ēmítuó fó
    • Jp: Namu Amida butsu
    • Vi: Nam-mô A-di-đà Phật
  • 南無觀世音菩薩
    • Cn: Nánmó Guán Syr Yín Pū Sá
    • Jp: Namu Kanzeon Butsu
    • Vi: Nam-mô Quan Thế Âm Bồ Tát
nekkhamma renunciation
  • Pāli:
  • Sanskrit:
  • Thai: เนกขัมมะ nekkamma
  • 出世
    • Cn:
    • Jp:
    • Vi:
Nibbana/Nirvana Extinction or extinguishing; ultimate enlightenment in the Buddhist tradition
  • from niḥ-√vā: to extinguish
  • Pāli: nibbāna
  • Sanskrit: nirvana
  • Bur: နိဗ္ဗာန္‌ neiban/Burmese Pali: နီဗ္ဗာန nibbana
  • Thai: นิพพาน nípphaan
  • 涅槃
    • Cn: Nièpán
    • Jp: Nehan
    • Vi: Niết-bàn
Nikaya, lit. "volume", The Buddhist texts in Pāli
  • Pāli: nikāya
  • Sanskrit: Āgama
  • 部經
    • Cn: Bùjīng
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: Bộ kinh
Noble Eightfold Path
  1. Right View (Pāli: sammā-diṭṭhi; Sanskrit: samyag-dṛṣṭi; 正見 Cn: zhèngjiàn; Vi: chính kiến)
  2. Right Thought (Pāli: sammā-saṅkappa; Sanskrit: samyak-saṃkalpa; 正思唯 Cn: zhèngsīwéi; Vi: chính tư duy)
    These 2 constitute the path of Wisdom (Pāli: paññā; Sanskrit: prajñā)
  3. Right Speech (Pāli: sammā-vācā; Sanskrit: samyag-vāk; 正語 Cn: zhèngyǔ; Vi: chính ngữ)
  4. Right Action (Pāli: sammā-kammanta; Sanskrit: samyak-karmānta; 正業 Cn: zhèngyè; Vi: chính nghiệp)
  5. Right Living (Pāli: sammā-ājīva; Sanskrit: samyag-ājīva; 正命 Cn: zhèngmìng; Vi: chính mệnh)
    These 3 constitute the path of Virtue (Pāli: sīla; Sanskrit: śīla)
  6. Right Effort (Pāli: sammā-vāyāma; Sanskrit: samyag-vyāyāma; 正精進 Cn: zhèngjīngjìn; Vi: chính tinh tiến)
  7. Right Mindfulness (Pāli: sammā-sati; Sanskrit: samyag-smṛti; 正念 Cn: zhèngniàn; Vi: chính niệm)
  8. Right Concentration (Pāli: sammā-samādhi; Sanskrit: samyak-samādhi; 正定 Cn: zhèngdìng; Vi: chính định)
    The last 3 constitute the path of Concentration (Pāli, Sanskrit: samādhi)
  • Pāli: aṭṭhāṅgika-magga
  • Sanskrit: aṣṭāṅgika-mārga
  • Thai: อริยมรรค ariya-mak
  • 八正道
    • Cn: Bāzhèngdào
    • Jp: Hasshōdō
    • Vi: Bát chính đạo

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Look up renunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept. ... Nikaya is a word of Pali origin and Sanskrit usage which was adopted into English in reference to Buddhist texts. ... The Dharma wheel, often used to represent the Noble Eightfold Path The Noble Eightfold Path (Pāli: Ariyo aá¹­á¹­haá¹…giko maggo; Sanskrit: Ä€rya ṣṭāṅga mārgaḥ; Chinese: 八正道, Bāzhèngdào; Japanese: 八正道, Hasshōdō, Thai: อริยมรรคแปด, Ariya Mugg Paad, Mongolian qutuÉ£tan-u naiman gesigün-ü mör) is, in...


O

Definition Etymology In other languages
oryoki A set of bowls used in a Zen eating ceremony
  • Japanese: 応量器 ōryōki
osho A term used to address a monk of the Zen Buddhist tradition. Originally reserved for high ranking monks, it has since been appropriated for everyday use when addressing any male member of the Zen clergy
  • Japanese: 和尚 oshō

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z The eating bowls now in use in Zen monasteries have been used by monks in China and Japan for over one thousand years. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ...


P

Definition Etymology In other languages
panca skandha The five constituent elements into which an individual is analyzed. They are:
  1. "form": Pāli, Sanskrit: rūpa; 色 Cn: ; Jp: shiki
  2. "sensation": Pāli, Sanskrit: vedanā; 受 Cn: shòu; Jp: ju
  3. "cognition": Pāli: saññā; Sanskrit: saṃjñā; 想 Cn: xiàng; Jp:
  4. "mental formations": Pāli: saṅkhāra; Sanskrit: saṃskāra; 行 Cn: xíng; Jp: gyō
  5. "consciousness": Pāli: viññāṇa; Sanskrit: vijñāna; 識 Cn: shí; Jp: shiki
  • Sanskrit: pañca skandha
  • Pāli: pañca khandha
  • 五蘊, 五陰, 五薀
    • Cn: wǔyùn
    • Jp: go-on, sometimes go-un
    • Vi: ngũ uẩn
Panchen Lama The second highest ranking lama in the Gelugpa sect of Tibetan Buddhism. after the Dalai Lama
  • Tibetan: པན་ཆེན་བླ་མ་ panchen blama
  • Sanskrit: paṇḍitaguru
  • 班禪喇嘛
    • Cn: Bānchán Lǎma
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: Ban-thiền Lạt-ma
panna, see prajna
  • Tibetan:
  • Sanskrit:
  • 智慧
    • Cn:
    • Jp:
    • Vi:
paramartha Absolute, as opposed to merely conventional, truth or reality; see also samvrti
  • Sanskrit: paramārtha
  • Thai: ปรมัตถ์ paramutt
paramita, lit. "reaching the other shore," usually rendered in English as "perfection." The Mahayana practices for obtaining enlightenment; giving, ethics, patience, effort, concentration and wisdom
  • Pāli: parami
  • Sanskrit: pāramitā
  • Thai: บารมี baramee
  • 波羅蜜 or 波羅蜜多
    • Cn: bōluómì or bōluómìduō
    • Jp: haramitsu or haramita
    • Vi: ba-la-mật or ba-la-mật-đa
parinibbana/parinirvana The final nibbana/nirvana
  • Thai: ปรินิพพาน pari-nippaan
  • 般涅槃
    • Cn: bōnièpán
    • Jp: hatsunehan
    • Vi: bát-niết-bàn
Perfection of Wisdom
  • Sanskrit: prajñāpāramitā
  • Pāli: paññāparami
  • 般若波羅蜜 or 般若波羅蜜多
    • Cn: bōrě-bōluómì or bōrě-bōluómìduō
    • Jp: hannya-haramitsu or hannya-haramita
    • Vi: bát-nhã-ba-la-mật or bát-nhã-ba-la-mật-đa
Pointing-out instruction The direct introduction to the nature of mind in the lineages of Essence Mahamudra and Dzogchen. A root guru is the master who gives the 'pointing-out instruction' so that the disciple recognizes the nature of mind
  • Tibetan: ངོ་སྤྲོད་ ngo sprod
prajna/panna "wisdom", "insight"
  • Pāli: paññā
  • Sanskrit: prajñā
  • Bur: ပညာ pin nya
  • Thai: ปัญญา pun-ya
  • 般若
    • Cn: bōrě or bānruò
    • Jp: hannya
    • Vi: bát-nhã
pratitya-samutpada "Dependent origination," the view that no phenomenon exists (or comes about) without depending on other phenomena or conditions around it. In English also called "conditioned genesis," "dependent co-arising," "interdependent arising," etc.

A famous application of dependent origination is the Twelve Nidana, or 12 inter-dependences (Sanskrit: dvādaśāṅgapratītyasamutpāda; 十二因緣, 十二因縁 Cn: shíàr yīnyuán; Jp: jūni innen; Vi: thập nhị nhân duyên), which are: The skandhas (Sanskrit: Pāli: Khandha; literally: heap or bundle) are the five constituents or aggregates through which the functioning and experience of an individual is created according to Buddhist phenomenology. ... Higher consciousness, also called super consciousness (Yoga), objective consciousness (Gurdjieff), Buddhic consciousness (Theosophy), cosmic consciousness, God-consciousness (Sufism and Hinduism) and Christ consciousness (New Thought) -to name but a few--are expressions used in various spiritual traditions to denote the consciousness of a human being who has reached a higher... Khedrup Je, the 1st Panchen Lama The Panchen Lama (often transliterated as Pänchen Lama) or the Panchen Erdeni, is the one of the two highest ranking lamas (together with the Dalai Lama) in the Gelugpa (Dge-lugs-pa) sect of Tibetan Buddhism (the sect which controlled Tibet from the... The Geluk (dge lugs) School was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), Tibets best known religious reformer and arguably its greatest philosopher. ... Panna can refer to: Panna, India, a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh; Paññā is the Pāli equivalent of the Sanskrit prajñā, a term used in Buddhist philosophy. ... Prajñā (Sanskrit; Pali: paññā; Tibetan: shes rab, Chinese: 般若, banruo) meaning wisdom, cognitive acuity; or know-how -- but especially the Buddhist wisdom that is based on a realization of dependent origination, not-self, emptiness, etc. ... In Buddhist context, paramartha refers to the absolute, as opposed to merely conventional, truth or reality. ... Pāramitā or PāramÄ« (Sanskrit and Pāli respectively): Perfection or Transcendent. In Buddhism & Jainism, the Paramitas refer to the perfection or culmination of certain practices. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept. ... In Buddhism, parinirvana (Sanskrit; Pali: Parinibbana) is the final nirvana, traditionally understood to be within reach only upon the death of someone who attained complete enlightenment. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept. ... This article is about the Buddhist concept. ... Perfection of Wisdom is a translation of the Sanskrit term prajñā pāramitā (Devanagari: प्रज्ञा पारमिता, Chinese: 般若波羅蜜多/般若波罗蜜多, Pinyin: bānruò-bōluómìduō, Japanese: hannya-haramita), which is one of the aspects of a bodhisattvas personality called the paramitas. ... Pāramitā or PāramÄ« (Sanskrit and Pāli respectively): Perfection or Transcendent. In Buddhism & Jainism, the Paramitas refer to the perfection or culmination of certain practices. ... Prajñā (Sanskrit; Pali: paññā; Tibetan: shes rab, Chinese: 般若, banruo) meaning wisdom, cognitive acuity; or know-how -- but especially the Buddhist wisdom that is based on a realization of dependent origination, not-self, emptiness, etc. ... Mahāmudrā (Sanskrit: great seal or great symbol), (Tibetan: Chagchen, Wylie: phyag chen, contraction of Chagya Chenpo, Wylie: phyag rgya chen po), is a Buddhist method of direct introduction to the nature and essence of Mind (or Buddha-nature) and the practice of stabilizing the accompanying transcendental realization. ... This article refers to the primordial state as considered in Tibetan Buddhism and Bon. ... Prajñā (Sanskrit; Pali: paññā; Tibetan: shes rab, Chinese: 般若, banruo) meaning wisdom, cognitive acuity; or know-how -- but especially the Buddhist wisdom that is based on a realization of dependent origination, not-self, emptiness, etc. ... The doctrine of PratÄ«tyasamutpāda (Sanskrit: प्रतित्यसमुत्पादा) or Paticcasamuppāda (Pāli: पतिचसमुपादा; Tibetan: ; Chinese:緣起) Dependent Arising is an important part of Buddhist metaphysics. ... The Twelve Nidanas (Pali: nidana- foundation, source or origin) are the application of the Buddhist concept of Pratitya-samutpada (dependent origination). ...

  1. Ignorance (Pāli: avijjā; Sanskrit: avidyā; 無明 Cn: wúmíng; Jp: mumyō; Vi: vô minh)
  2. Ignorance creates Mental Formation (Pāli: saṅkhāra; Sanskrit: saṃskāra; 行 Cn: xíng; Jp: gyō; Vi: hành)
  3. Mental Formation creates Consciousness (Pāli: viññāṇa; Sanskrit: vijñāna; 識 Cn: shí; Jp: shiki; Vi: thức)
  4. Consciousness creates Name & Form (Pāli, Sanskrit: nāmarūpa; 名色 Cn: míngsè; Jp: myōshiki; Vi: danh sắc)
  5. Name & Form create Sense Gates (Pāli: saḷāyatana; Sanskrit: ṣaḍāyatana; 六入 or 六処 Cn: liùrù; Jp: rokunyū or rokusho; Vi: lục căn)
  6. Sense Gates create Contact (Pāli: phassa; Sanskrit: sparśa; 觸, 触 Cn: chù; Jp: soku; Vi: xúc)
  7. Contact creates Feeling (Pāli, Sanskrit: vedanā; 受 Cn: shòu; Jp: ju; Vi: thụ)
  8. Feeling creates Craving (Pāli: taṇhā; Sanskrit: tṛṣṇā; 愛 Cn: ài; Jp: ai; Vi: ái)
  9. Craving creates Clinging (Pāli, Sanskrit: upādāna; 取 Cn: ; Jp: shu; Vi: thủ)
  10. Clinging creates Becoming (Pāli, Sanskrit: bhava; 有 Cn: yǒu; Jp: u; Vi: hữu)
  11. Becoming creates Birth (Pāli, Sanskrit: jāti; 生 Cn: shēng; Jp: shō; Vi: sinh)
  12. Birth leads to Aging & Death (Pāli, Sanskrit: jarāmaraṇa; 老死 Cn: láosǐ; Jp: rōshi; Vi: lão tử)
  • Pāli: paṭicca-samuppāda
  • Sanskrit: pratitya-samutpāda
  • Tib: རྟེན་ཅིང་འབྲེལ་བར་འབྱུང་བ་ rten cing `brel bar `byung ba
  • 緣起 (thought to be an abbreviation for 因), 縁起
    • Cn: yuánqǐ
    • Jp: engi
    • Vi: duyên khởi
  • Also called 因緣, 因縁
    • Cn: yīnyuán
    • Jp: innen
    • Vi: nhân duyên
Pratyekabuddha/Paccekabuddha, lit. "a buddha by his own", A buddha who reaches enlightenment on his own
  • Pāli: paccekabuddha
  • Sanskrit: pratyekabuddha
  • 辟支佛
    • Cn: Bìzhī Fó
    • Jp: Hyakushibutsu
    • Vi: Bích-chi Phật
Pure Land Buddhism A large branch of Mahayana, dominantly in East Asia. The goal of Pure Land is to be reborn in the Western sukhavati of Amitabha
  • 净土宗
    • Cn: Jìngtǔ-zōng
    • Jp: Jōdo-shū
    • Ko: Jeongtojong
    • Vi: Tịnh độ tông
purisa The practicing Buddhist community as a whole; sangha and laity

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Look up ignorance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Contact in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... [1] An independent rock band based in the Seacoast New Hampshire region of New England. ... The Sanskrit word Upadana has the following meanings: Buddhism Upadana translated from Sanskrit means clinging or grasping and refers to the ninth link in the twelve-linked chain of Dependent Origination (Pratitya-samutpada). ... Becoming can refer to: Becoming (song), song by band Pantera Becoming (television show), a television show produced by MTV and also seen on MuchMusic Becoming, Part One, an episode of the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer Becoming, Part Two, an episode of the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer... Parturition redirects here. ... A Pratyeka Buddha (Sanskrit pratyekabuddha; Pali pacceka-buddha) is one of three types of enlightened beings according to some schools of Buddhism (the others being the śrāvakas and Samyaksam-Buddhas). ... The Buddha Amitabha, 13th century, Kamakura, Japan. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Sukhavati can refer to: Pure Land, a branch of Buddhism. ... Amitabha Buddha pictured in the Ushiku Daibutsu in Japan Amitābha (Sanskrit: अमिताभः, Amitābhaḥ; Chinese: 阿彌陀佛, Ä’mítuó Fó; Japanese: 阿弥陀如来, Amida Nyorai; Vietnamese: 阿彌陀佛, A Di Ðà Phật; Tibetan: འོད་དཔག་མེད་; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Mongolian: CaÉ£lasi ügei gerel-tü) is a celestial buddha described in the scriptures of the Mahāyāna school... In Buddhist context, purisa refers to the practicing community as a whole, including both the Sangha (monks) and laity (laypeople). ... Sangha (संघ saṃgha) is a word in Pali or Sanskrit that can be translated roughly as association or assembly or community. It is commonly used in several senses to refer to Buddhist or Jain groups. ...


R

Definition Etymology In other languages
rebirth The process of continuity of life after death
  • Pāli: punabbhava
  • Sanskrit: punarbhava
refuge Usually in the form of "take refuge in the Three Jewels"
  • Pāli: saraṇa
  • Sanskrit: śaraṇa
  • Tib: skyabs
  • Thai: สรณะ sorana
  • 歸依
    • Cn: guīyī
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: quy y
rinpoche, lit. "precious one", An honorific title for a respected Tibetan lama, such as a tulku
  • Tibetan: རིན་པོ་ཆེ་
  • 仁波切
    • Cn: rénbōqiē
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: ??
Rinzai Zen sect emphasizing sudden enlightenment and koan study; named for master Linji
  • Japanese: 臨濟宗 Rinzai-shū
  • 臨濟宗
    • Cn: Línjì-zōng
    • Vi: Lâm Tế tông
Rohatsu A day traditionally honored as the day of the Buddha's enlightenment. While deep in meditation under a bodhi tree, he attained enlightenment upon seeing the morning star just at dawn; celebrated on the 8th day either of December or of the 12th month of the lunar calendar
  • Japanese: 臘八 Rōhatsu
roshi, lit. "teacher", An honorific given to Japanese Buddhist teachers
  • Japanese 老師 rōshi
  • 老師
    • Cn: lǎo shī (lit., old master)
    • Vi: lão sư

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Rebirth in Buddhism is the doctrine that the consciousness of a person (as conventionally regarded), upon the death or dissolution of the aggregates (skandhas) which make up that person, becomes one of the contributing causes for the arising of a new group of skandhas which may again be conventionally considered... Taking Refuge makes the difference between Buddhists and non-Buddhists. ... Symbol of the triratna, as seen in the Sanchi stupa, 1st century BCE. The Three Jewels, also rendered as Three Treasures, Three Refuges or Triple Gem are the three things that Buddhists give themselves to, and in return look toward for guidance, in the process known as taking refuge. ... Rinpoche (Pronunciation: rin-po-shay) is a Tibetan Buddhist religio-/theological title. ... In Tibetan Buddhism, a tulku is the reincarnation of a lama or other spiritually significant figure. ... There is a disputed proposal that this article should be merged with Rinzai and Linji. ... Japanese painting of Linji Yixuan (Jap. ... In Buddhist context, rohatsu is a day traditionally honored as the day of the Buddhas enlightenment. ... Roshi (老師) is a Japanese word, common in Zen Buddhism, meaning old (ro) and teacher (shi). ...


S

Definition Etymology In other languages
sacca truthfulness
  • Sanskrit:
  • Thai: สัจจะ sadja
    • Cn:
    • Jp:
    • Vi:
samanera/shramanera A male novice monk, who, after a year or until the ripe age of 20, will be considered for the higher Bhikkhu ordination
  • Sanskrit: śrāmaṇera
  • Thai: สามเณร sama-naen
  • 沙彌
    • Cn: shāmí
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: ??
samatha Mental stabilization; tranquility meditation. Distinguished from vipassana meditation
  • Pāli: samatha
  • Sanskrit: śamatha
  • Thai: สมถะ samatha
  • 舍摩他
    • Cn: shěmótā
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: ??
samsara The cycle of birth and rebirth; the world as commonly experienced
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: saṃsāra
  • Thai: สังสารวัฏ sung-sara-wat
  • 輪迴, 輪廻
    • Cn: lúnhúi
    • Jp: rinne
    • Vi: luân hồi
samu Work, conceived as a part of Zen training.[1]
  • Japanese: 作務
  • 作務
    • Cn: zuòwù
    • Vi: ??
samvrti Conventional, as opposed to absolute, truth or reality; see also paramartha
  • Sanskrit: saṃvrti
  • Thai: สมมุติ sommoot
sangha The community of Buddhist monks and nuns. Teachers and practitioners.
  • Sanskrit: saṅgha
  • Bur: သံဃာ than ga
  • Thai: สงฆ์ song
  • 僧, 僧侶
    • Cn: sēnglǚ
    • Jp: , sōryō
    • Vi: tăng già
Sanlun Buddhist philosophical school based on the Madhyamaka school
  • Chinese: 三論 sānlùn
  • 三論宗
    • Cn: Sānlùnzōng
    • Jp: Sanron-shū
    • Vi: Tam luận tông
sanzen A formal interview with a teacher in many traditions of Zen. Similar to dokusan
  • Japanese
satori Awakening; understanding. A Japanese term for enlightenment
  • Japanese: 悟り satori
    • Cn:
    • Vi: ngộ
sayadaw Burmese meditation master
seichu In the Zen Buddhist calendar, a period of intensive, formal monastic training. It is typically characterized by week-long Daisesshins and periodic sanzen
  • Japanese
sensei Teacher; Zen teacher
  • Japanese: 先生
sesshin A Zen retreat where practitioners meditate, eat and work together for several days
  • Japanese: 接心, 摂心
  • 接心
    • Cn: jiēxīn
    • Vi: tiếp tâm
shikantaza Soto Zen. "Only concentrated on doing sitting" is the main meditation-method of Soto school of Japanese Zen Buddhism
  • Japanese: 只管打座
shunyata Emptiness; see also Nagarjuna
  • Pāli: suññatā
  • Sanskrit: śūnyatā
    • Cn: kōng
    • Jp:
    • Vi: tính Không
sila "morals", "morality", "ethics": precepts
  • Pāli: sīla
  • Sanskrit: śīla
  • Bur: သီလ thi la
  • Thai: ศีล seen
    • Cn: jiè
    • Jp: kai
    • Vi: giới
Soto Sect of Zen emphasizing shikantaza as the primary mode of practice; see also Dogen
  • Japanese: 曹洞宗 Sōtō-shū
  • 曹洞宗
    • Cn: Cáodòng-zōng
    • Vi: Tào Ðộng tông
store consciousness The base consciousness (alayavijnana) taught in Yogacara Buddhism
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: ālayavijñāna
  • 阿頼耶識
    • Cn: āyēshí
    • Jp: arayashiki
    • Vi: a-lại-da thức
sutra Scripture; originally referred to short aphoristic sayings and collections thereof
  • from √siv: to sew
  • Sanskrit: sutra
  • Pāli: sutta
  • Thai: สูตร soothe
  • 經, 経
    • Cn: jīng
    • Jp: kyō
    • Vi: kinh
Sutra Pitaka The second basket of the Tripitaka canon, the collection of all Buddha's teachings
  • Pāli: Sutta-piṭaka
  • Sanskrit: Sūtra-piṭaka
  • 經藏, 経蔵
    • Cn: jīngcáng
    • Jp: kyōzō
    • Vi: Kinh tạng

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Sacca (Pāli: Truthfulness) is one of the ten paramis or perfections that a bodhisatta must develop in order to become a Buddha. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into sangha. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into sangha. ... A Buddhist Monk in Sri Lanka In Pāli, a bhikkhu (male) or bhikkhuni (female) is a fully ordained Buddhist monk. ... Samatha (Pāli; Sanskrit: Å›amatha), Tranquility or concentration meditation. ... Vipassanā (Pāli) or vipaÅ›yanā (विपश्यना) in (Sanskrit) means insight and is often referred to by Buddhists and non-Buddhists alike as simply insight meditation. While it is a type of Buddhist meditation as taught by the Buddha, it is essentially non-sectarian in character and has universal application. ... For other uses, see Samsara (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... In Buddhist context, samvriti refers to the conventional, as opposed to absolute, truth or reality. ... Sangha (संघ saṃgha) is a word in Pali or Sanskrit that can be translated roughly as association or assembly or community. It is commonly used in several senses to refer to Buddhist or Jain groups. ... Sanlun or literally Three Treatise School was a Chinese school of Buddhism based upon the Indian Madhyamaka tradition, founded by Nagarjuna. ... Madhyamaka (Also known as Åšunyavada) is a Buddhist Mahayāna tradition popularized by Nāgārjuna and AÅ›vaghoá¹£a. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... Satori (æ‚Ÿ Japanese satori; Chinese: wù - from the verb Satoru) is a Japanese Buddhist term for enlightenment. ... In Theravada Buddhist context, a sayadaw is a Burmese meditation master and senior monk of a monastery. ... Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... A sesshin (攝心) is a period of intensive meditation (zazen) in a Zen monastery. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A sesshin (攝心) is a period of intensive meditation (zazen) in a Zen monastery. ... Shikantaza (只管打坐) is literally translated as only focused on doing sitting. More often it is called: just sitting or silent illumination. It is the main meditation technique of the Soto school of Zen Buddhism. ... Śūnyatā, शून्यता (Sanskrit), Suññatā (Pāli), stong pa nyid (Tibetan), Kuu, 空 (Japanese) qoÉ£usun (Mongolian), generally translated into English as Emptiness or Voidness, is a concept of central importance in the teaching of the Buddha, as a direct realization of Sunyata is required to achieve liberation from the cycle of... For other uses, see Nagarjuna (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sila (disambiguation). ... For the vegetable, see Celosia. ... Shikantaza (只管打坐) is literally translated as only focused on doing sitting. More often it is called: just sitting or silent illumination. It is the main meditation technique of the Soto school of Zen Buddhism. ... Dōgen Zenji Dōgen Zenji (道元禅師; also Dōgen Kigen 道元希玄, or Eihei Dōgen 永平道元, or Koso Joyo Daishi) (19 January 1200 – 22 September 1253) was a Japanese Zen Buddhist teacher born in Kyōto, and the founder of the Sōtō school of Zen in Japan. ... Store consciousness (Sanskrit ālayavij āna; Tib. ... Store consciousness (Sanskrit ālayavijñāna; Tib. ... Yogācāra (Sanskrit: yoga practice), also spelled yogāchāra, is an influential school of philosophy and psychology that developed in Indian Mahayana Buddhism starting sometime in the fourth to fifth centuries C.E., also commonly known as consciousness-only or mind-only (Sanskrit: cittamātra) (although scholars increasingly... SÅ«tra (sex) (Sanskrit) or Sutta (Pāli) literally means a rope or thread that holds things together, and more metaphorically refers to an aphorism (or line, rule, formula), or a collection of such aphorisms in the form of a manual. ... The Sutta Pitaka (or Sutra Pitaka) is the second of three divisions of the Tipitaka, the great Pali collection of Buddhist writings. ... The Tripiá¹­aka (Sanskrit त्रिपिटक, lit. ...


T

Definition Etymology In other languages
tanha Craving or desire
  • Pāli: taṇhā
  • Sanskrit: tṛṣṇā
  • Thai: ตัณหา tunha
    • Cn: ài
    • Jp: ai
    • Vi: ái
tanto In Zen, one of the main leaders of a sesshin. In a Zen temple, the Tanto is the officer in charge of practice standards, i.e. teaching monks and lay practitioners how to sit, walk, bow, and chant in formal situations
  • Japanese
tantra Esoteric religious practices, including yoga, mantra...
  • Sanskrit: tantra
  • 怛特羅
    • Cn: dátèluó
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: đát-đặc-la
Tathagata The "Thus-Come One" or "Thus-Gone One"; one of the Buddha's ten epithets
  • Sanskrit: tathāgata
  • Thai: ตถาคต tatha-kohd
  • 如来
    • Cn: rúlái
    • Jp: nyorai
    • Vi: như lai
tathagatagarbha Buddha-nature or the seed of enlightenment
  • Sanskrit: tathāgatagarbha
  • 佛性, 仏性
    • Cn: fóxìng
    • Jp: busshō
  • Also 覚性
    • Cn: juéxìng
    • Jp: kakushō
    • Vi: giác tính
  • Also 如来藏, 如来蔵
    • Cn: rúláizàng
    • Jp: nyuoraizō
    • Vi: như lai tạng
teisho A presentation by a Zen master during a sesshin. Rather than an explanation or exposition in the traditional sense, it is intended as a demonstration of Zen realisation
  • Japanese: 提唱 teishō
tenzo In Zen, the head cook for a sesshin. In Zen temples, the officer in charge of the kitchen
  • Japanese: 典座 tenzo
  • 典座
    • Cn: diǎnzuò
    • Vi: điển toạ
Theravada, lit. "words of the elders", The most orthodox branch of Buddhism
  • Pāli: theravāda
  • Sanskrit: sthaviravāda
  • Thai: เถรวาท tera-waad
  • 上座部
    • Cn: shàngzuòbù
    • Jp: jōzabu
    • Vi: Thượng toạ bộ
Three Jewels Three things that Buddhists take refuge in: the Buddha, his teachings (Dharma) and the community of realized practitioners (Sangha), and in return look toward for guidance (see also Refuge (Buddhism))
  • Pāli: tiratana
  • Sanskrit: triratna
  • Thai: ไตรรัตน์ trai-rut
  • 三寶
    • Cn: sānbăo
    • Jp: sanbō
    • Vi: tam bảo
Three periods
  • Three divisions of the time following the historical Buddha's passing: the Former (or Early) Day of the Law (正法 Cn: zhèngfǎ; Jp: shōbō), the first thousand years; the Middle Day of the Law (像法 Cn: xiàngfǎ; Jp: zōhō), the second thousand years; and the Latter Day of the Law (末法 Cn: mòfǎ; Jp: mappō), which is to last for 10,000 years.
  • The three periods are significant to Mahayana adherents, particularly those who hold the Lotus Sutra in high regard; e.g., Tiantai (Tendai) and Nichiren Buddhists, who believe that different Buddhist teachings are valid (i.e., able to lead practitioners to enlightenment) in each period due to the different capacity to accept a teaching (機根 Cn: jīgēn; Jp: kikon) of the people born in each respective period.
  • The three periods are further divided into five five-hundred year periods (五五百歳 Cn: wǔ wǔbǎi suì; Jp: go no gohyaku sai), the fifth and last of which was prophecized to be a when the Buddhism of Sakyamuni would loose all power of salvation and a new Buddha would appear to save the people. This time period would be characterized by unrest, strife, famine, and other, natural disasters.
  • The three periods and the five five-hundred year periods are described in the Sutra of the Great Assembly (大集経 Cn: dàjí; Jp: Daishutu-kyō, Daijuku-kyō, Daijikkyō, or Daishukkyō). Descriptions of the three periods also appear in other sutras, some of which ascribe different lengths of time to them (although all agree that Mappō will last for 10,000 years).
  • 三時
    • Cn: Sānshí
    • Jp: Sanji
    • Vi: Tam thời
Three Poisons or Three Fires The three primary causes of unskillful action or creation of "negative" karma:
  1. Greed or selfish desire (Pāli: taṇhā; Sanskrit: tṛṣṇā; 貪 Cn: tān; Jp: ton; Vi: ái)
  2. Hatred or anger (Sanskrit: dveṣa; 瞋 Cn: chēn; Jp: jin; Vi: sân)
  3. Ignorance or delusion (Pāli: avijjā; Sanskrit: avidyā; Tib.: མ་རིག་པ་ ma rig-pa; 癡 Cn: chī; Jp: chi; Vi: vô minh)
  • Pāli: Kilesa (Defilements)
  • Sanskrit: kleśa
  • Tib: düsum (Wylie: dug gsum)
  • 三毒
    • Cn: Sāndú
    • Jp: Sandoku
    • Vi: Tam độc
Tiantai/Tendai A Mahayana school of China that teaches the supremacy of the Lotus Sutra
  • Chinese: 天台 tiāntāi
  • 天台宗
    • Cn: tiāntāi-zōng
    • Jp: tendai-shū
    • Vi: Thiên Thai tông
trailõkya The 3 "regions" of the world:
  1. Kamaloka or Kamadhatu: world of desires (Sanskrit, Pāli: kāmaloka, kāmadhātu; Tibetan: འདོད་ཁམས་ `dod khams; 欲界 Cn: yùjiè, Vi: dục giới)
  2. Rupaloka or Rupadhatu: world of form (Sanskrit: rūpaloka, rūpadhātu; Tibetan: གཟུགས་ཁམས་ gzugs khams; 色界 Cn: sèjiè; Vi: sắc giới)
  3. Arupaloka or Arupadhatu: world without form or desire (Sanskrit: arūpaloka, arūpadhātu; Tibetan: གཟུགས་མེད་ཁམས་ gzugs med khams; 無色界 Cn: wú sèjiè, Vi: vô sắc giới)
  • Sanskrit: triloka
  • Pāli: tisso dhātuyo
  • Tibetan: ཁམས་གསུམ་ khams gsum
  • 三界
    • Cn: sānjiè
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: tam giới
trikaya The 3 "bodies" of Buddha:
  • Dharma-kaya (Sanskrit: dharmakāya; 法身 Cn: fǎshēn; Jp: hosshin; Vi: pháp thân)
  • Sambhoga-kaya (Sanskrit: saṃbhogakāya; 報身 Cn: bàoshēn; Jp: hōshin; Vi: báo thân)
  • Nirmana-kaya (Sanskrit: nirmāṇakāya; 應身, 応身 Cn: yìngshēn; Jp: ōjin; Vi: ứng thân)
  • Sanskrit: trikāya
  • 三身
    • Cn: sānshēn
    • Jp: sanjin
    • Vi: tam thân
Tripitaka The "Three Baskets"; canon containing the sacred texts for Buddhism (Pāli)
  • Vinaya Pitaka (Pāli, Sanskrit: Vinaya-piṭaka; Tib: འདུལ་བའི་སྡེ་སྣོད་ `dul ba`i sde snod; 律藏, 律蔵 Cn: lǜzàng; Jp: Ritsuzō; Vi: Luật tạng)
  • Sutra Pitaka (Pāli: Sutta-piṭaka; Sanskrit: Sūtra-piṭaka; Tib: མདོ་སྡེའི་སྡེ་སྣོད་ mdo sde`i sde snod; 經藏, 経蔵 Cn: jīngzàng; Jp: Kyōzō; Vi: Kinh tạng)
  • Abhidhamma Pitaka (Pāli: Abhidhamma-piṭaka; Sanskrit: Abhidharma-piṭaka; Tib: མངོན་པའི་སྡེ་སྣོད་ mngon pa`i sde snod; 論藏, 論蔵 Cn: lùnzàng; Jp: Ronzō; Vi: Luận tạng)
  • Pāli: Tipiṭaka
  • Sanskrit: Tripiṭaka
  • Burmese: တိပိဋက Tipitaka (IPA: tḭpḭtəka̰)
  • Thai: ไตรปิฎก Traipidok
  • 三藏, 三蔵
    • Cn: Sānzàng
    • Jp: Sanzō
    • Ko: Samjang
    • Vi: Tam tạng
Triratna/Tiratana, see Three Jewels above
  • Pāli: tiratana
  • Sanskrit: triratna
trsna, see tanha above
tulku A re-incarnated Tibetan teacher
  • Tibetan: སྤྲུལ་སྐུ་ tulku
  • Sanskrit: nirmāṇa-kāya
  • 化身 (Note: 化身 usually refers to any reincarnation.)
    • Cn: huàshēn
    • Jp: keshin
    • Vi: hoá thân

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Taṇhā (Pāli: तण्हा) or Tṛṣṇā (Sanskrit: तृष्णा) means thirst, desire, craving, wanting, longing, yearning. Synonyms: æ„› Cn: ài; Jp: ai; Vi: ái Tibetan: The most basic of these meanings (the literal meaning) is thirst; however, in Buddhism it has a technical meaning that is much broader. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... For other uses, see Yoga (disambiguation). ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ... Tathāgata (Sanskrit; Pali The one thus-come or The one thus-gone; Chinese: 如來; Pinyin: Rú lái; Japanese: nyorai) This is traditionally interpreted as one who comes and goes in the same way (as the previous Buddhas). Tathāgata is the name which the historical Buddha Sakyamuni (Siddhattha Gotama... Media:Example. ... Prince Siddhartha Gautama as a bodhisattva, before becoming a Buddha. ... The Tathagatagarbha doctrine says that each sentient being contains the potential to become a Buddha. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, the Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand). ... Symbol of the triratna, as seen in the Sanchi stupa, 1st century BCE. The Three Jewels, also rendered as Three Treasures, Three Refuges or Triple Gem are the three things that Buddhists give themselves to, and in return look toward for guidance, in the process known as taking refuge. ... Media:Example. ... For other uses, see Dharma (disambiguation). ... Sangha (संघ saṃgha) is a word in Pali or Sanskrit that can be translated roughly as association or assembly or community. It is commonly used in several senses to refer to Buddhist or Jain groups. ... Taking Refuge makes the difference between Buddhists and non-Buddhists. ... The Three Ages of Buddhism are three divisions of time following the historical Buddhas passing: the Former Day of the Law (正法 Cn: zhèngfÇŽ; Jp: shōbō), the first thousand years; the Middle Day of the Law (像法 Cn: xiàngfÇŽ; Jp: zōhō), the second thousand years; and the... The Lotus Sutra or Sutra on the White Lotus of the Sublime Dharma (Sanskrit: Saddharma PuṇḍarÄ«ka SÅ«tra; 妙法蓮華經 Chinese: MiàofÇŽ Liánhuā JÄ«ng; Japanese: Myōhō Renge Kyō; Korean: Myobeomnyeonhwagyeong) is one of the most popular and influential Mahāyāna sutras in East Asia and... Tiantai (天台宗, Wade-Giles: Tien Tai) is one of the thirteen schools of Buddhism in China and Japan, also called the Lotus Sutra School because of its emphasis on the supremacy of that scripture. ... Tendai (Japanese: 天台宗, Tendai-shÅ«) is a Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism, a descendant of the Chinese Tiantai or Lotus Sutra school. ... Nichiren Buddhism (日蓮系諸宗派: Nichiren-kei sho shÅ«ha) is a branch of Buddhism based on the teachings of the 13th century Japanese monk Nichiren (1222–1282). ... In Buddhism, the Pali word kilesa (Sanskrit: kleÅ›a or klesha) is used to mean defilements or corruptions. Three main kinds of kilesa are: lobha: greed, lust (rāga), attachment. ... The Wylie transliteration scheme is a method for transliterating the Tibetan script using the keys on a typical English language typewriter. ... Tiantai (天台宗, Wade-Giles: Tien Tai) is one of the thirteen schools of Buddhism in China and Japan, also called the Lotus Sutra School because of its emphasis on the supremacy of that scripture. ... Tendai (Japanese: 天台宗, Tendai-shÅ«) is a Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism, a descendant of the Chinese Tiantai or Lotus Sutra school. ... The Lotus Sutra or Sutra on the White Lotus of the Sublime Dharma (Sanskrit: Saddharma PuṇḍarÄ«ka SÅ«tra; 妙法蓮華經 Chinese: MiàofÇŽ Liánhuā JÄ«ng; Japanese: Myōhō Renge Kyō; Korean: Myobeomnyeonhwagyeong) is one of the most popular and influential Mahāyāna sutras in East Asia and... Trailokya, or Trilokya (Sk. ... (Sk. ... The Trikaya doctrine (Sanskrit, literally Three bodies or personalities; 三身 Chinese: Sānshén, Japanese: sanjin) is an important Buddhist teaching both on the nature of reality, and what a Buddha is. ... The Tripiá¹­aka (Sanskrit त्रिपिटक, lit. ... Pāli is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... The Vinaya (a word in Pali as well as in Sanskrit, with literal meaning discipline) is the textual framework for the Buddhist monastic community, or sangha. ... The Sutta Pitaka (or Sutra Pitaka) is the second of three divisions of the Tipitaka, the great Pali collection of Buddhist writings. ... Abhidharma (Sanskrit: अभिधर्मा) Sinhala: අභිධර්ම) or Abhidhamma (Pāli: अभिधमा) is a category of Buddhist scriptures that attempts to use Buddhist teachings to create a systematic, abstract description of all worldly phenomena. ... Symbol of the triratna, as seen in the Sanchi stupa, 1st century BCE. The Three Jewels, also rendered as Three Treasures, Three Refuges or Triple Gem are the three things that Buddhists give themselves to, and in return look toward for guidance, in the process known as taking refuge. ... Trsna (Pali: Tanha) means desire, craving, thirst, want, longing, yearning. ... Taṇhā (Pāli: तण्हा) or Tṛṣṇā (Sanskrit: तृष्णा) means thirst, desire, craving, wanting, longing, yearning. Synonyms: æ„› Cn: ài; Jp: ai; Vi: ái Tibetan: The most basic of these meanings (the literal meaning) is thirst; however, in Buddhism it has a technical meaning that is much broader. ... In Tibetan Buddhism, a tulku is the reincarnation of a lama or other spiritually significant figure. ...


U

Definition Etymology In other languages
upadana Clinging; the 9th link of Pratitya-Samutpada; also one of the Twelve Nidanas
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: upādāna
  • Thai: อุปาทาน u-pa-taan
    • Cn:
    • Jp: shu
    • Vi: thủ
upasaka A lay follower of Buddhism
  • Sanskrit: upāsaka
  • Thai: อุบาสก u-ba-sok
  • 近事男
    • Cn: jìnshìnán
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: cận sự nam
upasika A female lay follower
  • from upasaka above
  • Sanskrit: upāsika
  • Thai: อุบาสิกา u-ba-sika
  • 近事女
    • Cn: jìnshìnǚ
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: cận sự nữ
upaya Expedient though not necessarily ultimately true. Originally used as a polemical device against other schools - calling them "merely" expedient, lacking in ultimate truth, later used against ones own school to prevent students form forming attachments to doctrines

In Mahayana, exemplified by the Lotus Sutra, upaya are the useful means that Buddhas (and Buddhist teachers) use to free beings into enlightenment Upādāna is a word used in both Buddhism and Hinduism. ... The doctrine of PratÄ«tyasamutpāda (Sanskrit: प्रतित्यसमुत्पादा) or Paticcasamuppāda (Pāli: पतिचसमुपादा; Tibetan: ; Chinese:緣起) Dependent Arising is an important part of Buddhist metaphysics. ... The Twelve Nidanas (Pali: nidana- foundation, source or origin) are the application of the Buddhist concept of Pratitya-samutpada (dependent origination). ... Upāsaka (masculine) or Upāsikā (feminine) are from the Sanskrit and Pāli words for attendant.[1] This is the title of followers of Buddhism (Gautama Buddha) who are not monks, nuns or novices in a Buddhist order and who undertake certain vows. ... Upāsaka (masculine) or Upāsikā (feminine) are from the Sanskrit and Pāli words for attendant.[1] This is the title of followers of Buddhism (Gautama Buddha) who are not monks, nuns or novices in a Buddhist order and who undertake certain vows. ... Upaya is a term in Mahayana Buddhism which is often translated as means, though literally expedient would be more accurate, as upaya (from upa√i) refers to something which goes or brings you up to something (i. ... The Lotus Sutra or Sutra on the White Lotus of the Sublime Dharma (Sanskrit: Saddharma PuṇḍarÄ«ka SÅ«tra; 妙法蓮華經 Chinese: MiàofÇŽ Liánhuā JÄ«ng; Japanese: Myōhō Renge Kyō; Korean: Myobeomnyeonhwagyeong) is one of the most popular and influential Mahāyāna sutras in East Asia and...

  • Sanskrit: upāya
  • 方便
    • Cn: fāngbiàn
    • Jp: hōben
    • Vi: phương tiện
upekkha equanimity
  • Sanskrit:
  • Thai: อุเบกขา u-bek-kha
  • 镇定,沉着
urna A concave circular dot on the forehead between the eyebrows
  • Sanskrit: urna

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Urna - Wang Cheese ...


V

Definition Etymology In other languages
Vajrayana, lit. "diamond vehicle", The third major branch, alongside Hinayana and Mahayana
  • Sanskrit: vajrayāna
  • Thai: วชิรญาณ wachira-yaan
  • 金剛乘
    • Cn: Jīngāng shèng
    • Jp: ??
    • Vi: Kim cương thừa
Vinaya Pitaka, lit. "discipline basket", The first basket of the Tripitaka canon, which deals with the rules of monastic life
  • Pāli, Sanskrit: vinaya-piṭaka
  • Thai: วินัย wi-nai
  • 律藏
    • Cn: Lǜzàng
    • Jp: Ritsuzō
    • Vi: Luật tạng
vipassana Usually translated as "Insight" meditation, most associated with the Theravada tradition, but present throughout Buddhism as an evolved tradition. Distinguished from samatha meditation
  • from vi-√dṛś: to see apart
  • Pāli: vipassanā
  • Sanskrit: vipaśyanā, vidarśanā
  • Thai: วิปัสสนา wipadsana
  • 觀,観
    • Cn: guān
    • Jp: kan
    • Vi: quán
viriya energy
  • from
  • Pāli:
  • Sanskrit: ,
  • 能量
  • Thai: วิริยะ wiriya
    • Cn:
    • Jp:
    • Vi:

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Vajrayāna Buddhism (Also known as Tantric Buddhism, Tantrayana, Mantrayana, Mantranaya, Esoteric Buddhism, Diamond Vehicle, or 金剛乘 Jingangcheng in Chinese; however, these terms are not always regarded as equivalent: one scholar[1] speaks of the tantra divisions of some editions of the Kangyur as including Sravakayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana texts) is... The Vinaya (a word in Pali as well as in Sanskrit, with literal meaning discipline) is the textual framework for the Buddhist monastic community, or sangha. ... The Tripiá¹­aka (Sanskrit त्रिपिटक, lit. ... Vipassanā (Pāli) or vipaÅ›yanā (विपश्यना) in (Sanskrit) means insight and is often referred to by Buddhists and non-Buddhists alike as simply insight meditation. While it is a type of Buddhist meditation as taught by the Buddha, it is essentially non-sectarian in character and has universal application. ... Samatha (Pāli; Sanskrit: Å›amatha), Tranquility or concentration meditation. ... Vīrya (Pali: viriya; Tibetan: brtson grus) is a Sanskrit word which can be translated into English as effort, vigor, diligence, and zeal. ...


Z

Definition Etymology In other languages
zazen Sitting meditation as practiced in the Zen School of Buddhism
  • Japanese: 坐禪
  • 坐禪
    • Cn: zuòchán
    • Vi: toạ thiền
Zen School A Japanese branch of Mahayana that emphasizes meditation in the pursuing of enlightenment
  • Japanese: 禪宗 Zen-shu
  • 禪宗
    • Cn: Chánzōng
    • Vi: Thiền tông
zendo In Zen, a hall where Zen (usually meaning zazen) is practiced (see Dojo)
  • Japanese: 禅堂
  • 禪堂
    • Cn: chántáng
    • Vi: thiền đường

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Kodo Sawaki practicing zazen Zazen (坐禅) is at the heart of Zen Buddhist practice. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... Zendo (禅堂, Chinese: Chántáng) is a Japanese term translating roughly as meditation hall. In Zen Buddhism, the zendo is a spiritual dojo where zazen (sitting meditation) is practiced. ...


See also

A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... There are a great variety of Buddhist texts. ...

External links

  • Pali Text Society Dictionary (Be sure to check the "Unicode font" option, and to have one; also, if looking for a word, choose "words that match")
  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
  • Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (Login with userid "guest")
  • Kadampa Glossary of Buddhist Terms

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dictionaries of BuddhistLinks.org (623 words)
Buddhist Compendium This is a resource for Buddhism.
Buddhist Glossary A lengthy glossary of Buddhist terms - http://www.sinc.sunysb.edu/Clubs/buddhism/glossary.html
Glossary of Pali and Buddhist terms This glossary covers many of the Pali words and technical terms that you may come across in the books and articles available on this website.
Buddhist terms and concepts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3604 words)
Below are given a number of important Buddhist terms, short definitions, and the languages in which they appear.
Sanskrit (or Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit): primarily Mahāyāna Buddhism
"inferior vehicle", A coinage by the Mahayana for the Buddhist doctrines concerned with the achievement of Nirvana as a Śrāvakabuddha or a Pratyekabuddha, as opposed to a Samyaksambuddha
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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