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Encyclopedia > Budd Company
Budd logo
Budd logo
A rear view of Santa Fe's El Capitan and its Budd-built observation car as it approaches the Raton Tunnel (Colorado side) on June 26, 1938.
A rear view of Santa Fe's El Capitan and its Budd-built observation car as it approaches the Raton Tunnel (Colorado side) on June 26, 1938.

The Budd Company (now ThyssenKrupp Budd) is a metal fabricator and major supplier of body components to the automobile industry. The company is headquartered in Troy, Michigan. It was founded in 1912 by Edward G. Budd, whose fame came from his invention of the 'shotweld' technique for joining pieces of stainless steel without damaging its anti-corrosion properties. Image File history File links Budd-logo. ... Image File history File links Budd-logo. ... Image File history File links OP-2289. ... Image File history File links OP-2289. ... A 1948 print advertisement touts the many benefits of riding El Capitan. ... When passenger trains were still the preferred mode of intercity transportation in America, observations often were used by those campaigning for public office, especially for the Presidency of the United States. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the magazine called automobile, see Automobile Magazine. ... Troy is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Edward Gowen Budd (1870–1946) was an American inventor and businessman. ... Shot welding is a specific type of spot welding used to join two pieces of metal together. ...

Contents

A railroad legend

The first Budd passenger railcar, the Lafayette, in 1932.
The first Budd passenger railcar, the Lafayette, in 1932.

From the 1930s until 1989 The Budd Company was also a leading manufacturer of stainless steel streamlined passenger rolling stock for a number of railroads. After briefly dabbling with French Michelin rubber-tyred technology, they built the Pioneer Zephyr for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad in 1934, and hundreds of streamlined lightweight stainless steel passenger cars for new trains in the USA in the 1930s and 1940s. In the 1950s Budd built a set of two-story or high-level cars for the Santa Fe's El Capitan and Super Chief passenger trains, which became the prototypes for the Amtrak Superliner cars of the 1980s. Budd also built two-story gallery passenger cars for Chicago-area commuter service on the Milwaukee Road, Burlington Route, and Rock Island lines during the 1960s and 1970s; most of these cars are still in service on today's Metra routes. Stainless steel Budd cars originally built for the Canadian Pacific Railway's 1955 train The Canadian are still in service with Via Rail Canada. Image File history File links BuddMichelineLafayette. ... Image File history File links BuddMichelineLafayette. ... The 1930s (years from 1930-1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 630 foot high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... A streamliner is any vehicle that incorporates streamlining to produce a shape that provides less resistance to air, and is more pleasing to the eye. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ... The Pioneer Zephyr as it appeared in 1934. ... The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (AAR reporting mark CBQ) was a railroad that operated in the Midwestern United States. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The 1930s (years from 1930-1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... The 1950s was the decade spanning from the 1st of January, 1950 to the 31st of December, 1959. ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting mark ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ... A 1948 print advertisement touts the many benefits of riding El Capitan. ... This article is about the DC Comics character, for the Major League Baseball pitcher nicknamed Superchief see Allie Reynolds Super-Chief is a fictional superhero in the DC Comics universe. ... [[Acela Express]] in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The Superliner is a largely disabled-accessible double decker passenger car used by Amtrak, on mainly its western routes. ... The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ... This article is about Illinois largest city. ... The Milwaukee Road, officially the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. ... Categories: Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Defunct companies | Defunct railroads | Colorado railroads | Illinois railroads | Iowa railroads | Missouri railroads | Montana railroads | Nebraska railroads | Wisconsin railroads | Wyoming railroads ... The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class 1 railroad in the United States. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Metra (officially the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is Chicagolands commuter rail system, serving over 200 stations on 11 lines across the Regional Transportation Authoritys six-county service area (Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry and Will Counties) providing over 67 million rides annually. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... VIA Rail Canadas The Canadian The Canadian is a Canadian transcontinental passenger train originally operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... VIA Rail Canada (also referred to as VIA Rail and VIA; pronounced vee-ah) is an independent Crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail services in Canada. ...


Train in one car

A Budd M1 train on the Long Island Rail Road.
A Budd M1 train on the Long Island Rail Road.

In 1949, Budd introduced the Rail Diesel Car or RDC, a stainless steel self-propelled 'train in one car' which prolonged rail service on many lightly populated railway lines, but also provided a flexible, air conditioned car for suburban commuter service. More than 300 RDCs were built, and some are still in service in Canada, the USA and Australia. One example is OnTrack in Syracuse, New York. In the 1960s, Budd built the Pioneer III electric m.u. coach for intercity travel. Six were built and were bought by the former Pennsylvania Railroad, but in 1966, these Pioneer III cars, later called "Silverliner I" cars, were replaced with the "Silverliner II" cars, which used the Pioneer III body, but with many improvements, for Philadelphia-area commuter rail service on both the PRR and Reading Company lines. Budd was also contracted to build the original Metroliner m.u. coaches for Washington-New York City service on the Northeast Corridor, but these have since been either retired or de-powered and used as cab cars. Currently, the "Silverliner II" cars, which are now slated to be retired starting in 2010 with the new ROTEM-built "Silverliner V" models, have a top speed of 90 m.p.h., but originally was able to run at 100 m.p.h. when the PRR used them for Philadelphia-Harrisburg service. The Metroliner m.u. cars operated at speeds of 110 to 125 m.p.h., although breakdowns in the system lead to Amtrak to operate them at speeds of 90 m.p.h., despite the advertised speed of 150 m.p.h. – speeds regularly achieved by Amtrak's TGV-based Acela service. Since their retirement from regular service, Amtrak has used the Metroliner m.u. coaches as cab-coaches for their failed Gambler's Express (Philadelphia-Atlantic City train – now NJT's Atlantic City Line), and starting in November, 2006, on Amtrak's New York-Harrisburg Keystone service. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x655, 384 KB) This page is a candidate to be copied to the Wikimedia Commons using the Transwiki process. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x655, 384 KB) This page is a candidate to be copied to the Wikimedia Commons using the Transwiki process. ... The M1 and M3 are two identical series of electric multiple unit rail cars made by the Budd Company for the Long Island Rail Road and the Metro North Railroad and the latters predecessors, Penn Central (which also operated the LIRR) and Conrail. ... An M3 railcar The Long Island Rail Road or LIRR (often referred to as the L-I-double-R) is a commuter rail system serving the length of Long Island, New York, United States. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Budd RDC-1 #407 of the Cape May Seashore Lines. ... OnTrack is a Syracuse, New York commuter train line. ... Nickname: The Salt City Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: City Mayor Matthew Driscoll Area    - City 66. ... 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ... 1923 map The Reading Company (AAR reporting mark RDG), usually called the Reading Railroad, and officially known as the Philadelphia and Reading Rail Road and then the Philadelphia and Reading Railway until 1924, operated in southeast Pennsylvania and neighboring states. ... Metroliner is an Amtrak train service between Washington DC and New York in the United States. ... Most of the NEC is owned by Amtrak (those sections shown in red). ... Rotem is a South Korean company manufacturing rolling stock, defense products and plant equipment. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see transposition of the great vessels. ... Acela is a brand applied by Amtrak to its high-speed trains along the Northeast Corridor in the Northeast U.S., called Acela Express. ... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ... An eastbound train crosses the Cooper River near Cherry Hill, NJ. The Atlantic City Line is run by New Jersey Transit between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Atlantic City, New Jersey. ... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Keystone could mean: Keystone (train) Keystone (architecture) Keystone Aircraft Corporation Keystone (software) - A parser and front-end for ISO C++ Keystone, Colorado - a town and ski resort Keystone Resort - ski resort in Keystone, Colorado Keystone Studios - movie studio, also see Keystone Kops Keystone (beer) - a Coors product This is a...

Mural features the Reading "Crusader" train. Originally built in 1937 by the Budd Company for the Reading Railroad.
Mural features the Reading "Crusader" train. Originally built in 1937 by the Budd Company for the Reading Railroad.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 1264 KB) Mural features the Reading Crusader train. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 1264 KB) Mural features the Reading Crusader train. ...

Almond Joys

In 1960, Budd manufactured the first stainless steel production subway cars for Philadelphia's Market-Frankford Line. 270 M-3 cars (nicknamed the "Almond Joys" for the 4 ventilators on top of the roof of each car) were jointly owned by the City of Philadelphia and the Philadelphia Transportation Company (now SEPTA), or Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority). 46 single units and 112 married pairs (the pairs were of "mixed" marriage because the odd-numbered car came with General Electric motors and equipment was permanently coupled to the even-numbered car, which had Westinghouse motors and equipment). These cars were replaced with more modern, air-conditioned M-4 units in 1997-99, although some cars were retrucked (the Market-Frankford line is a broad-gauge line) and used on the Norristown High Speed Line (a standard railroad gauge line) until 1995. Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Market-Frankford Line Map ©SEPTA 2004 The Market-Frankford Line (MFL) (also called the Market-Frankford Subway-Elevated Line (MFSE), El or Blue Line) is a transit line in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, run by SEPTA. It begins at 69th Street Terminal just west of the city line in Upper Darby and... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Cradle of Liberty, the City That Loves You Back, the Quaker City, The Birthplace of America Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor... The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is a regional quasi-public state agency that serves 3. ... For the abbreviation SEPTA, see SEPTA. A septum, in general, is a wall separating two cavities or two spaces containing a less dense material. ... The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is a regional quasi-public state agency that serves 3. ... The name Westinghouse can refer to any number of devices and independent businesses that can trace their roots to the work of George Westinghouse: // People George Westinghouse, founder of Westinghouse Electric Corporation Devices Westinghouse air brake. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Norristown High Speed Line (NHSL), operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority as Route 100 of the Suburban Transit Division, is a hybrid between light rail and rapid transit operating between Norristown Transportation Center and 69th Street Terminal, running entirely on its own right of way, inherited from the... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Transportation innovations

During World War II, Budd designed and built the RB-1 transport airplane for the U.S. Navy using much stainless steel in place of aluminium. Only 25 were built but, after the war, 14 aircraft found their way to the fledgling Flying Tiger Line which provided a good start for that company. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian... The Budd RB-1 Conestoga was a twin-engine stainless steel cargo plane designed during World War II by the Budd Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Flying Tiger Line, also known as Flying Tigers, was the first scheduled cargo airline in the United States and a major military charter operator during the Cold War era for both cargo and personnel (the latter with leased aircraft). ...


In 1966, Budd designed and manufactured a front disc brake system for Chrysler and Imperial automobiles, used for the 1967 and 1968 model years. In 1966, Budd also produced a concept car, the XR4000. This car did not enter commercial production. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Close-up of a disc brake on a car On automobiles, disc brakes are often located within the wheel The disc brake is a device for slowing or stopping the rotation of a wheel. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Automotive design. ...


Final years

A Budd-built Baltimore Metro Subway train
A Budd-built Baltimore Metro Subway train

Budd also built two series of "L" cars for the Chicago Transit Authority, the 2200s (19691970) and 2600s (19811987). The New York City Subway R32 (1964-1965), Long Island Rail Road/Metro-North Railroad M1/M3 (19681973,1984-1986) and M2 (1972-1977), NJ Transit Arrow III (1978), Baltimore Metro Subway and Miami Metrorail cars (1983) were also built by Budd. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 737 KB) Summary Westbound Baltimore Metro Subway vehicle at State Center station. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 737 KB) Summary Westbound Baltimore Metro Subway vehicle at State Center station. ... Chicago Transit Authority, also known as CTA, is the operator of mass transit within the City of Chicago, Illinois. ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York City Subway system is a rapid transit system operated by the New York City Transit Authority, an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority as MTA New York City Transit. ... The R32 is a New York Subway car model built in 1964-1965 by the Budd Company in Philadelphia for IND and BMT service. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... An M3 railcar The Long Island Rail Road or LIRR (often referred to as the L-I-double-R) is a commuter rail system serving the length of Long Island, New York, United States. ... The Metro-North Railroad (officially the Metro-North Commuter Railroad Company, and usually abbreviated as Metro-North) is a suburban commuter railroad service between New York City to its northern suburbs in New York and Connecticut. ... The M1 and M3 are two identical series of electric multiple unit rail cars made by the Budd Company for the Long Island Rail Road and the Metro North Railroad and the latters predecessors, Penn Central (which also operated the LIRR) and Conrail. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The M2 is a series of electric multiple unit cars produced for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and the Connecticut Department of Transportation for use on the New Haven Line (then part of Penn Central, now part of Metro North). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... New Jersey Transit Arrow III at West Windsor, NJ Hudson-Bergen Light Rail vehicle at 2nd Street station New Jersey Transit (NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Exterior of the Charles Center Metro Subway station in downtown Baltimore The Metro Subway is a single-line rapid transit system serving the greater Baltimore area. ... Miami-Dade Transit logo Miami-Dade Transit is the public transit authority in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


All of Amtrak's 492 Amfleet I and 150 Amfleet II cars were built by Budd in 1975-77 and 1981-83 respectively. The Amfleet body was recycled for usage in the SPV2000, a modernized diesel passenger car which was very problematic, saw only three buyers (Amtrak, Metro-North, and Connecticut Department of Transportation), and saw very premature retirements within 15 years. The fallout from the SPV2000 furthered the decline of the company. [[Acela Express]] in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Amfleet are a suite of railroad passenger cars built for Amtrak by Budd from 1973 - 1977 totalling 492 cars (406 coaches and 86 Amcafes). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Acela Express]] in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Metro-North (officially MTA Metro-North Railroad) is a suburban commuter railroad running service from New York City to the northern suburbs in New York State and Connecticut. ... The Connecticut Department of Transportation (ConnDOT) is responsible for the development and operation of highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways and aviation facilities in the U.S. state of Connecticut. ...


In the early 1980s, Budd reorganized its rail operations under the name TransitAmerica, this name appearing on the builderplates of the Baltimore/Miami cars and Chicago's later 2600s (but not the LIRR/Metro-North M3s). The new name did not save the company, and in April 1987 Budd ended all railcar production at its Red Lion plant in northeast Philadelphia and sold its rail designs to Bombardier Transportation. The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Bombardier group. ...


See also

Slumbercoach #2068, Loch Ackaig, in Amtrak livery at Winter Park, Florida on July 20, 1990. ...

External links

  • Budd Company official site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Budd Company - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (503 words)
Edward Budd's fame came from his invention of the 'shotweld' technique for joining pieces of stainless steel without damaging the anti-corrosion properties of the stainless steel.
From the 1930s until 1989 The Budd Company was also a leading manufacturer of stainless steel streamlined passenger rolling stock for a number of railroads.
Budd also built two-story gallery passenger cars for Chicago-area commuter service on the Milwaukee Road, Burlington Route, and Rock Island lines duing the 1960s and 1970s; most of these cars are still in service on today's Metra routes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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