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Encyclopedia > Bubblegum Crisis
Bubblegum Crisis
バブルガムクライシス
(Bubblegum Crisis)
Genre Cyberpunk, Science Fiction, Mecha, Action
OVA
Directed by Katsuhito Akiyama
Studio Anime International Company
No. of episodes 8
Released 25 February 1987

Bubblegum Crisis (バブルガムクライシス Baburugamu Kuraishisu?) is a cyberpunk-style anime set in a future, post-disaster Tokyo, called "Megatokyo". The series has a manga adaptation. Image File history File links Bcriss. ... Berlins Sony Center reflects the global reach of a Japanese corporation. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... For the fictional robot, see Mecha. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... A scene from an episode of the Casshan OVA Original Video Animation ), abbreviated OVA ), is a term used for anime titles that are released direct-to-video, without prior showings on TV or in theaters. ... Katsuhito Akiyama is a director of Japanese animation who often works with Shinji Aramaki and Hideki Kakinuma. ... Anime International Company Inc. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Berlins Sony Center reflects the global reach of a Japanese corporation. ...   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ... Manga )   (pl. ...

Contents

Product History

The original OVA series was eight episodes long. It was originally slated to run for thirteen episodes, but due to legal problems between the two studios who jointly held the rights to the series, Artmic and Youmex, the series was discontinued. The problems may have been brought on by the series' lackluster sales in Japan. In North America, however, the series did comparatively well, and has remained a fan favorite. North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


In Japan, a number of manga were produced that featured characters and storylines based in the BGC (a common abbreviation for the series name) universe. Some were very much thematically linked to the OVA series, others were "one shots" or comedy features. A number of artists participated in the creation of these comics, including Kenichi Sonoda, who had produced the original Knight Saber character designs. A North American comic based in the Bubblegum Crisis Universe was published in English by Dark Horse Comics. Kenichi Sonoda (園田 健一 Sonoda Kenichi, born 13 December 1962 in Takaishi, Osaka Prefecture, Japan) is a manga artist and anime character designer. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The series involves the adventures of the Knight Sabers, an all woman group of superheroes/mercenaries, who don powered armor and fight various problems, most frequently rogue boomers. Boomers are humanoid robots designed to perform a variety of tasks, from construction and firefighting to combat; a particular model of Boomer, the BU-33S "Sexaroid", is designed for sexual purposes. [[ For the bands, see Superheroes (band) and Super Heroines. ... Mercenary (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that the section Exoskeletons in modern and near-future technology from the article Exoskeleton be merged into this article or section. ... A Boomer, original Buma, is a fictional synthetic life form developed by inventor Katsuhito Stingray in the anime series Bubblegum Crisis. ...


One of the central themes of the series, showing its Blade Runner influence strongly, is the exploration of what "human" really means. As in Blade Runner, this is often done by using the mechanical characters, especially focusing on BU-33S. Blade Runner is a 1982 cyberpunk, neo-noir film directed by Ridley Scott from a screenplay written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, loosely based on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick. ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) in the family Hominidae (the great apes). ...


Bubblegum Crisis was notable also in that it was one of the few early anime series that were brought over from Japan unedited and subtitled with English captions that still have a great deal of popularity today. While anime has become much more popular in the intervening years, in 1991 it was still mostly unknown as a storytelling medium in North America. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...

Cover of Bubblegum Crisis OST

In 1997, a new series was created, titled Bubblegum Crisis 2040, but was not a sequel to the original OVA series. Headed by Chiaki J. Konaka, it was a standalone television series, and while it used similar themes to the original, it employed new designs for the characters and the mechanical devices. This series ran for twenty six episodes. Some discussion has taken place between the production companies for a second season, tentatively titled Bubblegum Crisis 2041, although many people suspect that the franchise owners have lost interest in it (it is still listed among their assets, however). Image File history File links Bubble. ... Image File history File links Bubble. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Bubblegum Crisis Tokyo 2040 is an alternate-universe spinoff to the original Bubblegum Crisis anime OVA series. ... Chiaki J. Konaka (小中千昭 Konaka Chiaki) (April 4, 1961 - ) is a Japanese scriptwriter who works predominantly on anime. ...


Despite the age of the original series, a non-Japanese fandom still exists for it (further research is necessary to determine the size of a possible Japanese one), and throughout the years there have been many debates on parts of the series that were unclear or deliberately arranged as to provoke discussion. The community of fans have produced large quantities of "fan fiction" and "fan art" based on both the OVA and television series with the current estimated count of fanfiction in English language alone well exceeding 400 texts [1][2][3], though there is a preponderance of works and discussion based on the original series. This is partly due to the longer period of time that it has been out, but it is also partly due to a large portion of the fandom expressing a preference for the original series. It is unclear as to how the proportions of preference will change as further time passes.


Bubblegum Crisis has many features that have proven attractive to many viewers of anime. The mecha designs, cyberpunk characters, and post-apocalyptic city of Megatokyo are well-realized and leave a lasting impression. The storylines are varied and complex, and are (sometimes deliberately, sometimes not) filled with parts that have multiple possible interpretations. The series was also one of the earliest anime to have a strong yuri fandom. Utena Tenjou and Anthy Himemiya from Revolutionary Girl Utena, a popular yuri couple. ...


The music throughout the original OVA series is one of the most recognizable in anime fandom and generates a strong feeling of 1980's nostalgia. The opening song and sequence for the first OVA, as well as many of the other songs throughout the series, clearly draw inspiration from the 1984 movie Streets of Fire. Nearly all of the music is available, as there are 8 soundtrack releases (one per OVA). Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


A roleplaying game based on the series was published by R. Talsorian in 1997 under the Fuzion system. It contains many original sketches of the characters, mecha and settings, as well as detailed background information about them. A roleplaying game (RPG) is a type of game in which players assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create stories. ... R. Talsorian Games, based in Renton, WA, publishes numerous role-playing game books and accessories. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Fuzion is a generic roleplaying game system created by the collaboration of R. Talsorian Games and Hero Games. ...


A digitally-remastered compilation of the original series' episodes, featuring bi-lingual tracks and production extras, was released on DVD in 2004 by AnimEigo Inc. shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... AnimEigo is an American licensor and distributor, within the United States and Canada, of Japanese anime such as Urusei Yatsura, Oh My Goddess!, Vampire Princess Miyu, Gainaxs classic industry sendup Otaku no Video, the Bubblegum Crisis OVA series, and Kimagure Orange Road. ...


Plot outline

The eight-episode series spans the years of 2032 to 2033, starting in early 2032, seven years after the (fictional) great Kanto earthquake which split Tokyo — and its people — in two. During the introductory scenes of the first episode, disparities in wealth and power were shown to be more pronounced than in previous periods in post-war Japanese history, and over all loomed the shadow of the mega corporation Genom's babylonical tower.   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ...


Genom is a fictional corporation that was shown to have immense power in the Bubblegum Crisis world. Genom's main merchandise were the Boomers — artificial beings used in place of humans for manual labor. But while the Boomers were intended to serve mankind, they also became deadly instruments in the hands of ruthless individuals working for their own goals, as shown throughout the OVA series. The AD Police were employed to deal with matters that the regular police departments could not, and this included Boomer threats. A recurring theme of the series was the inability of the department to deal with the threats, owing to political infighting, red tape and an insufficient budget.


With the sub-title, "The Story of Knight Sabers", the viewer could be certain that a new force would appear in order to deter the attacks of the various boomer and super-powered criminal organizations. The Knight Sabers are analogues of the all-male sentai fighting teams, and as such were depicted as having tremendous combat abilities (though these were thanks to their powered armor hard-suits), along with secret identities. Throughout the OVA series, they battled against long odds to overcome grave threats and preserve the overall safety of Megatokyo, though we are shown tremendous destruction to the surrounding environs on numerous occasions (most notably in Episode 6, where we see the destruction of an R & D facility, and in Episode 1, where the abandoned "Aqua City" facility was destroyed entirely in a complex and likely expensive animation sequence).


Episodes

  1. Tinsel City - The Knight Sabers are hired to rescue a little girl from a group of kidnappers, but the girl is far more than she seems...
  2. Born To Kill - A friend of Linna's threatens to expose Genom secrets that led to the death of her fiancé, but Genom plans to silence her, first.
  3. Blow Up - The Knight Sabers attack Genom Tower to put an end to the machinations of Genom executive Brian J. Mason.
  4. Revenge Road - A racer modifies his car into a weapon of vengeance against the biker gangs of Megatokyo, but the car soon develops a mind of its own.
  5. Moonlight Rambler - A killer is draining victims of their blood, but this is no vampire. And what do a pair of escaped love-doll androids and the D.D. super-weapon have to do with it?
  6. Red Eyes - A group of fake Knight Sabers are ruining the group's reputation, leading to a fight against a returning foe.
  7. Double Vision - A singer with a vendetta comes to Megatokyo, and brings some heavy firepower with her.
  8. Scoop Chase - An ambitious technical scientist and an aspiring reporter both plan to make their names at the expense of the Knight Sabers, and Nene is caught right in the middle.

Sequels, spin-offs and other related materials

Anime

The Phantom Woman The Ripper The Man Who Bites His Tongue Having fun with the Android AD Police Files is a three-part OVA which serves as a prequel to the anime series Bubblegum Crisis, produced by Artmic and AIC. Set five years before the events of Bubblegum Crisis, this... Bubblegum Crash is a three episode OVA anime series, the sequel to Bubblegum Crisis. ... Bubblegum Crisis Tokyo 2040 (also known as BGC: 2040) is an alternate-universe spinoff of the original Bubblegum Crisis anime OVA series, with similar themes, but updated character designs and new or re-worked storylines. ... Parasite Dolls is a science fiction anime OVA that was created in 2002 by AIC and IMAGICA Entertainment. ... Gall Force is a group of science fiction anime OAV series by the studio Artmic, with production by Youmex and/or AIC. The original character designs were by Kenichi Sonoda, though these were dropped for the Gall Force Revolution remake (which, as of 2005, is also the only series not...

Non-anime videos

  • Holiday in Bali special (live action)
  • Hurricane Live 2032 and 2033

Games

  • "Crime wave" game for PC-88, set in Megatokyo and featuring Knight Sabers as the main characters (an overview of the game can be found here)
  • "Bubblegum Crash" game for Turbo Grafx 16. (an overview of the game can be found here)

Comics and Manga

  • Bubblegum Crisis: Grand Mal produced by Adam Warren via Dark Horse Comics. It is regarded as non-canon by some of fans, but sources exist that suggest it may in fact have been approved as part of BGC canon. [1]
  • Manga spinoffs based on the A.D. Police anime

Adam Warren, a self Portrait Adam Warren is an American comic book illustrator and writer who is most famous for his adaptation of the The Dirty Pair into comic book form. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Other

  • Bubblegum Crisis role-playing game produced by R. Talsorian Games. It introduces an alternate setting named "Bubblegum Crossfire", basing on a premise that data units with hardsuit blueprints have been sent to more individuals than just Sylia Stingray, resulting in that by 2033 there are numerous Knight Saber-like groups spread all over the globe.
  • "Bubblegum Crisis: Before and After" (covering material from A.D. Police Files and Bubblegum Crash)
  • "Bubblegum Crisis EX" which includes completely new materials (also incorporating early design concepts for BGC mecha and hardsuits as new variants)
  • Ground Zero Games produces four sets of 28 mm scale miniatures based on Bubblegum Crisis [2]:
  • Knight Sabers
  • Boomers (actually BU-55 combat boomers)
  • A.D. Police officers
  • "GENOM bosses" (pack contains Quincy, Mason and GENOM battlesuit)
  • "Soldier Blue" novel by Toshimichi Suzuki. Translated into English language in 1997 by R.Talsorian Games. A copy of the translation can be found here.
  • Some images from BGC also were used in the CCG Ani-Mayhem.

Collectible card games (CCGs), also called trading card games (TCGs), are played using specially designed sets of cards. ... Ani-Mayhem was an anime-based collectible card game first released in 1996 in the wake of the CCG boom created by the popularity of Magic: The Gathering. ...

Characters

The Knight Sabers in their hardsuits.

Note: all character information is for the original OVA series. There are some differences in character background for BGC 2040. Image File history File links Bgcsuits. ... Image File history File links Bgcsuits. ...


Genom


In the Bubblegum Crisis Universe, Genom or GENOM is the primary manufacturer and distributor of the bio-organic constructs known as boomers. This makes GENOM the primary enemy of the Knight Sabers, led by Sylia Stingray, daughter of the man who created the boomers. In both versions of the series, GENOM is run by a mysterious figure named Quincy, though the depiction of Quincy varies from one continuity to another (in the original series he was a dangerous, hands on owner, while in 2040 he is almost a puppet vegetable of a man, so old and decrepit he needs tubes and wires to keep himself alive while insanely dreaming of a boomer/human paradise). Brian J. Mason also works for GENOM, and his schemes are either offshoots of or interference to Quincy's. The Knight Sabers are the main superhero protagonists of the anime series Bubblegum Crisis and subsequent series. ... Sylia Stingray is a fictional character from the Japanese anime series Bubblegum Crisis, its sequel Bubblegum Crash and its remake Bubblegum Crisis Tokyo 2040. ...


To show the power and domination of Genom, the viewer was shown the gargantuan Genom Towers, which stood in many of that world's most important cities. These towers bear a resemblance to the Tower of Babel, both in appearance and in symbolism, as well as the Tyrell Corporation's tower in Blade Runner. Engraving The Confusion of Tongues by Gustave Doré (1865), who based his conception on the Minaret of Samarra According to the narrative in Genesis Chapter 11 of the Bible, the Tower of Babel was a tower built to reach the heavens by a united humanity. ... The Tyrell Corporation is a fictional corporation from the 1982 Ridley Scott film Blade Runner. ... Blade Runner is a 1982 cyberpunk, neo-noir film directed by Ridley Scott from a screenplay written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, loosely based on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick. ...


Sylia Stingray

Main article: Sylia Stingray

Priss Asagiri Sylia Stingray is a fictional character from the Japanese anime series Bubblegum Crisis, its sequel Bubblegum Crash and its remake Bubblegum Crisis Tokyo 2040. ...

Main article: Priscilla S. Asagiri

Nene Romanova Priscilla Priss S. Asagiri is a fictional character from the Japanese anime series Bubblegum Crisis and its spin offs. ...

Main article: Nene Romanova

Linna Yamazaki Nene Romanova is a fictional character from the Japanese anime series Bubblegum Crisis and its spin offs. ...

Main article: Linna Yamazaki

Inspector Leon McNichol Linna Yamazaki is a fictional character from the Japanese anime series Bubblegum Crisis, its spin off Bubblegum Crash and its TV remake Bubblegum Crisis Tokyo 2040. ...

Leon McNichol

An AD Police officer, Leon is a dedicated cop, with a tendency to rush in without thinking. He is a skilled powered armor pilot, one of the AD Police force's aces in its K-11 and K-12S powered suits. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It has been suggested that the section Exoskeletons in modern and near-future technology from the article Exoskeleton be merged into this article or section. ...


Leon has a crush on Priss, which she does not like since she has reasons to despise the AD Police. As the series progresses he discovers that she is a Knight Saber, but does nothing with that knowledge. Instead he continues to help the team as best as he can. Priss and Leon's relationship grows closer during the series, and in a side story audio drama, she confesses that she loves him. A side story in fiction is a form of narrative that occurs alongside established stories set within a fictional universe. ...


Leon also appears in the AD Police manga and anime series, where he is a rookie officer. AD Police is an anime science fiction series, composed of the 12-episode long AD Police: To Serve and Protect TV series and the 3-episode long AD Police Files OVA series. ...


Original OVA voice actor: Toshio Furukawa Toshio Furukawa ) is a veteran seiyū who was born on July 16, 1946 in Tochigi. ...


Deputy Inspector Daley Wong

Daley Wong

AD Police officer. Daley is Leon's partner, and a highly skilled investigator. Daley is also openly homosexual, which is worth noting because at the time the original OVA was produced male homosexual characters were quite rare in anime. Also notable is the ease and comfort of Daley and Leon's working relationship: Daley flirts openly with the heterosexual Leon, and Leon often reciprocates with good humor. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...


Daley is not developed much in the series. He is, however, portrayed to be loyal and highly competent, both as Leon's underling and as a commander in his own right (in the first and final episodes he is shown commanding his own AD Police squad). Daley's sense of humor is very dry and understated.


Original OVA voice actor: Kenyuu Horiuchi Kenyu Horiuchi (堀内 賢雄 Horiuchi Kenyū, born July 30, 1957) is a veteran seiyū who was born in Shizuoka. ...


Brian J. Mason/Largo

Brian Mason

The primary villain of the first three episodes, Mason, a high-level executive in the GENOM corporation is the man who killed Dr. Stingray and stole his boomer technology. As with Sylia, certain mysteries are created around Mason which are never resolved in the series. It is generally accepted that Mason somehow transferred his personality into a boomer body some time prior to his death in episode 3. Most likely he succeeded in transferring his memories into the ultimate boomer, thus creating a God-like being able to vaporize 8 major Genom branch towers in a single instant with the mind and the dreams of a man. Largo resurfaces to become the primary villain of episodes 5 and 6. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


See "The Mason/Largo Theory" at http://www.ravensgarage.com/garage/maslargo.htm for more details on how Mason may have transferred his consciousness to Largo.


Original OVA voice actors: Shuuichi Ikeda (Mason); Kazuyuki Sogabe (Largo) Shuichi Ikeda (池田 秀一 Ikeda Shūichi) is a veteran seiyuu who was born on December 2, 1949 in Tokyo. ...


Quincy

Quincy (actually an android double of him).

The Chief Executive and founder of Genom. He is an enigmatic old man who hides many secrets under the face of an unfazeable and ruthless businessman. His company participates in the manufacture of many necessities around the world, but he wants more — total domination of the world. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


While he makes several appearances in the series, he is never truly met personally. He is killed twice, only to be revealed each time as an android double. It is speculated by fans that he may have downloaded his personality into Genom's main database; several clues to this are offered in the AD Police manga series. AD Police is an anime science fiction series, composed of the 12-episode long AD Police: To Serve and Protect TV series and the 3-episode long AD Police Files OVA series. ...


Original OAV voice actor: Kiyoshi Kawakubo.


Mackie Stingray

Main article: Mackie Stingray

Chief Todo A fictional character from the Bubblegum Crisis anime, Mackey Stingray is the younger brother of Sylia Stingray. ...


The black Chief of the AD Police (his name could be a mispronunciation of Todd) is a bad-tempered man who has to put up both with official restrictions and rebellious underlings, Leon in particular. But he cares for his men; he has gone so far as granting Leon the freedom he needs without his 'official' knowledge or approval on several occasions. He has a niece, Lisa, who plays a central role in episode eight, Scoop Chase. A Masai man in Kenya Black people or blacks is a political, social or cultural classification of people. ...


Fargo


Fargo is an informant, plain and simple. His background is unknown, but his information includes data from the government, Genom, and the various criminal syndicates and underworlds, so he has a lot of connections. He has found the Knight Sabers a few Genom-related contracts, and Sylia trusts him to the point that he knows her true identity. He even has the audacity to ask Sylia into dangerous parts of MegaTokyo after dark for meetings, and is constantly pursuing her as a sexual conquest. Sylia, however, does not have any interest in this and makes it very obvious.


Naoko


While not a major character per se, she appears often enough in the original series to deserve a mention. She is Nene's colleague (as an ADP Operator) and best friend outside the Knight Sabers; the two share a common interest in popular music and looking for a boyfriend.


A review of powered armor present in the series

K-11 Combat Armor

The K-11 series of powered armor units was developed by the military, but has since been purchased and employed by policing organizations in order to combat the growing Boomer problems. The ADP utilized the K-11 for operations against more powerful and dangerous boomers, such as the Bu-12b, which is a full combat model. The K-11 was eventually replaced with the improved K-12S model.


Noted by the USSD as inferior to the Knight Saber's hard suits, the K-11 was introduced to the viewers in the first episode, though only via a line-art diagram displayed on a monitor.


The K-11 makes its return in episode 3 of the OVA series, where a pair are used to stop a rampaging Bu-12b heavy combat boomer. While both suits were destroyed (and both operators killed), the boomer rampage was halted through their selfless actions. The difficulty of combatting a powerful boomer like the Bu-12b was compounded by the need to minimize collateral damage, as the battle took place in a built-up area.


The K-11 is used in the same way as the Knight Saber's hard suits; a soldier or police officer is inside the armor and the arms and legs of the person are placed in the respective armor parts. This means that the K-11 is directly controlled via the users body — if the user moves his arm, for example, the armor follows the movement.


K-11 Specifications


The K-11 is equipped with a large conventional rifle, capable of penetrating heavy armor at close range, though its efficacy at longer ranges appeared to be low. It could be considered an autocannon, as the series depicted it discharging at a low, but continuous, rate of fire.


The armor of the K-11 is not proof against the powerful cannon that equips the heavy Bu-12b, but had some resistance versus the associated machine gun, which suggests at least light armor protection.


Equipped with a pair of flight wings (in a back pack) and lift thrusters (mounted in the legs), the K-11 has a hover capability, though not high above the ground, and likely cannot leave ground effect flight. For deployment, it can be air-dropped via transport helicopter, and uses a parachute to slow its descent.


Trivia Both the K-11 and K-12 are listed as based on a powered armor called MADOX (from the anime of the same name), since all three armors share a similar design.


K-12 Battle Trooper

Unlike the K-11 which was built by and for the Military, but later given to police units, the K-12 was developed from the beginning to be a heavy Powered Armor suit built specifically for organizations like the ADP.


The K-12 unit was intended more for a defensive, rather than offensive purpose. This is unlike the K-11, and as such, it has heavier armor and reduced portability/deployabilty. Most notably, it seems to lack the hovering capability that the K-11 possessed.


The K-12 was first introduced at the end of Episode Five, when Detective Leon McNichol tried to stop a military-grade Battle Mover (the DD) with it. The K-12 was no match for the far more powerful DD, and only the timely intervention of the Knight Sabers saved both Leon and the city from disaster.


In Episode 6 the K-12 made another appearance in form of the K-12S, also used by Leon McNicol, and was again in battle versus far more powerful opponents, leading to a predictable defeat despite a valiant effort. It should be noted that even the Knight Sabers encountered great difficulty in defeating the Superboomer foes that the AD Police faced.


The K-12's arms seem to be equipted with machine guns (one artwork shows a triple barreled mini-gun build in each arm). The reason why Leon didn't used these guns against the DD was that he had no ammo for it (one scene shows the armor around the arm closing being empty inside). The K-12 seems to be also equipted with strong thrusters, being able to jump on a very large building or from a helicopter.


Crew

The original character designs were done by Kenichi Sonoda, a manga artist most known for his Gunsmith Cats series. He was selected after Final Fantasy character designer, image illustrator and title logo designer Yoshitaka Amano declined to participate in the development of the series. He was joined in the final two episodes by Satoshi Urushihara. Kenichi Sonoda (園田 健一 Sonoda Kenichi, born 13 December 1962 in Takaishi, Osaka Prefecture, Japan) is a manga artist and anime character designer. ... Manga )   (pl. ... Gunsmith Cats ) is a series of manga and anime work by Kenichi Sonoda. ... For the first installment in the series, see Final Fantasy (video game). ... Yoshitaka Amano (天野 喜孝 Amano Yoshitaka, originally 天野 嘉孝 (pronounced the same), born July 28, 1952) is a Japanese artist, best known for his illustrations for Vampire Hunter D and for his character designs for the video game series Final Fantasy. ... Satoshi Urushihara (うるし原 智志 Urusihara Satoshi born 9 February 1966 in Hiroshima prefecture) is one of the iconic figures of manga, often known by his distinctive style of featuresque and beautiful characters. ...


Directors: Katsuhito Akiyama, Hiroaki Gōda, and Masami Obari. Katsuhito Akiyama is a director of Japanese animation who often works with Shinji Aramaki and Hideki Kakinuma. ... Masami Obari is an anime character designer and director. ...


Megatokyo

Some people believe that the Megatokyo webcomic created by Fred Gallagher and Rodney Caston is based on the anime. This is in fact, false: the comic is named after its internet domain (previously hosting one of Caston's short-lived news sites), which in turn took its name from the city. While the above is true, it is also true that the secondary protagonist of this web comic is called "Largo", which of course can only fuel suspicions of a tribute to the BGC series. Megatokyo is a webcomic created by Fred Gallagher and Rodney Caston, debuting on August 14, 2000,[1] and then written and illustrated solely by Gallagher as of July 17, 2002. ... Fred Gallagher (born 1969) is an American illustrator who has become a full-time web cartoonist. ... Rodney L. Caston (born 13 May 1977) is an American Unix systems engineer, freelance writer and is the co-creator and original writer of the popular comic book series Megatokyo. ...


See also

The Knight Sabers are the main superhero protagonists of the anime series Bubblegum Crisis and subsequent series. ... AD Police is an anime science fiction series, composed of the 12-episode long AD Police: To Serve and Protect TV series and the 3-episode long AD Police Files OVA series. ... A Boomer, original Buma, is a fictional synthetic life form developed by inventor Katsuhito Stingray in the anime series Bubblegum Crisis. ... Megatokyo is a webcomic created by Fred Gallagher and Rodney Caston, debuting on August 14, 2000,[1] and then written and illustrated solely by Gallagher as of July 17, 2002. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Bubblegum Crisis Fan Fiction Guide (2000). Retrieved on 2007-03-28. Last version of the guide names 350 texts
  2. ^ Bubblegum Crisis fanfiction archive. Retrieved on 2007-03-28. The BGC fanfiction repository on eyrie.org archive has over 400 texts. These do not fully overlap with ones named in the Fanfiction guide.
  3. ^ fanfiction.net Bubblegum Crisis category. Retrieved on 2007-07-19.The Bubblegum Crisis cathegory on fanfiction.net lists further 292 texts, altough it is unknown how many of them overlap with previously mentioned sources.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Animeigo BGC
  • Megatokyo 2033: BUBBLEGUM CRISIS
  • The Bubblegum Crisis Center
  • The Squiddy Awards homepage
  • BGC Cast
  • Bubblegum Crisis (anime) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
  • Bubblegum Crisis at TV.com
  • Another Bubblegum Crisis FAQ
  • Raven's Garage
  • Bubblegum Crisis A2Z

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bubblegum Crisis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3862 words)
Some discussion has taken place between the production companies for a second season, tentatively titled Bubblegum Crisis 2041, although many people suspect that the franchise owners have lost interest in it (it is still listed among their assets, however).
Despite the age of the original series, a non-Japanese fandom still exists for it (further research is necessary to determine the size of a possible Japanese one), and throughout the years there have been many debates on parts of the series that were unclear or deliberately arranged as to provoke discussion.
In the Bubblegum Crisis Universe, Genom or GENOM is the primary manufacturer and distributor of the bio-organic constructs known as boomers, which makes GENOM the primary enemy of the Knight Sabers, led by Sylia Stingray, daughter of the man who created the boomers.
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